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University of California Berkeley 















COMKST ON HUMAN WALLS." Thomas Curtyle, 


A CAREFUL study of the growth and development of Arizona leads to the inevitable con- 
clusion that the results thus far attained are due to the exceptional enterprise of its citi- 
zens. The north and south, the east and west, have contributed hosts of their representa- 
tive sons to this future state, and the widely differing characteristics of the citizens of these 
several sections of the United States and Mexico, here combined and mingled, have resulted in 
bringing Arizona into an increasing prominence. At first largely attracted to the territory by its 
remarkable mining possibilities, these men have later turned their attention to other industries. 
They have developed agricultural resources in regions once supposed to be arid and barren. 
They have built railroads and opened canals. At the same time they have maintained a commend- 
able interest in public affairs, and have given able statesmen to control and direct the territorial 
legislative work. In fact, whatever progress Arizona has made in the past, and whatever growth 
it will enjoy in the future, may be attributed to the energy and determination of its residents, 
who have been undaunted by obstacles and undiscouraged by adverse circumstances. In 
_the lives of the citizens is the history of Arizona best narrated; and those who read the fol- 
lowing pages will become acquainted with men and movements inseparably associated with the 
history of the territory. 

In the compilation of this work, and in the securing of necessary data, a number of writers 
have been engaged for many months. They have visited leading citizens, and have used every 
endeavor to produce a work accurate and trustworthy in even the smallest details. Owing to 
the great care exercised in the preparation of biographies, the publishers believe they are giv- 
ing their readers a work containing few errors of consequence. The biographies of some repre- 
sentative citizens will be missed from this work ; this, in some instances, was caused by their 
absence from home when our writers called, and in other instances was caused by a failure on 
the part of the men themselves to understand the scope of the work. The publishers, however, 
have done everything within their power to make the volume a representative work. 

The value of the data herein presented will grow with the passing years. Many facts secured 
from men concerning their early experiences in the territory are now recorded for the first time, 
and their preservation for future generations is thus rendered possible. Posterity will preserve 
this volume with care, from the fact that it perpetuates biographical history which otherwise 
would be wholly lost. In those now far-distant days will be realized, to a greater degree than at 
the present time, the truth of Macaulay's statement that "The history of a country is best told in 
the record of the lives of its people." 






There is no name more intimately associated 
with the history and progress of Arizona than 
that of its present chief executive. This fact is 
due not alone to his occupancy of the highest 
office in the territory, but also to his long and 
intimate connection with the mining interests 
and public affairs of this future state. The prime 
of his life and activity is being passed in the 
midst of the enterprises and movements that are 
working for territorial growth and development. 
Scarcely an industry can be mentioned which 
may be regarded as a possible contributor to 
local progress that has not felt the impetus of 
his encouragement and active co-operation. In 
certain important movements he has been par- 
ticularly interested and with them his name is 
most closely identified. 

One of the movements in which he is deeply 
interested is the development of the arid regions 
of the west. Realizing that sufficient govern- 
ment aid is improbable for the reclamation of the 
millions of acres of desert lands, it has been his 
hope that they might be ceded to the different 
states and territories in which they are located, 
and in this way, by the outlay of money on the 
part of each commonwealth, its own arid lands 
may be converted into fertile and wealth-produc- 
ing tracts. In advocating this plan, he does so 
with the realization that liberal appropriations 
cannot be expected from congress, for its mem- 
bership is composed of men from states in the 
rain sections, who take little interest in the de- 
velopment of arid lands. However, if the mat- 
ter was placed in the hands of the locality vitally 
interested, it would be willing to bear the burden 
in order that it might reap the rewards accruing 
from the redemption. 

Another measure to which Governor Murphy- 

has devoted time and thought and labor is the 
securing of admission as a state for Arizona. 
Believing the territory to be fully ripe for self- 
government, he has championed the cause of 
statehood through the press and in the legisla- 
tive halls of the nation. Admission is warranted 
through the enormous increase of population in 
the past decade, from 59,620 in 1890 to 122,931 
in 1900. It is also warranted by the high char- 
acter of the population, which is mainly com- 
posed of intelligent Americans. It is warranted 
by the mineral resources of the territory, which 
has an area in mineral lands of nearly thirty 
million acres, with an output from the copper, 
gold and silver mines of nearly $40,000,000 a 
year, and possibilities for the future that are 
illimitable. Then, too, the progress made in 
ranching and farming warrants admission to the 
Union. The receipts in the Salt River valley are 
almost $2,000,000 a year. The aggregate acre- 
age now in cultivation in the territory is nearly 
one million, and the amount of agricultural land 
which may be brought under cultivation is 
nearly ten million acres, which equals the entire 
agricultural domain of Iowa. The average profit 
of agriculture in the Salt River valley is from 
$36 to $140 an acre, an amount no eastern state 
has equalled. The alfalfa crop alone pays nearly 
$36 an acre. One almorid orchard near Mason 
City pays its owner over $100 per acre net each 
year. Cantaloupe crops have paid their owners 
as much as $100 an acre. Other products have 
been raised with equal success. When this mag- 
nificent showing is considered, added to the 
fact that Arizona has a population that only 
four states surpassed at the time of their admis- 
sion to the Union (California, Kansas, Utah and 
Maine) an unprejudiced student of affairs must 
concede that Arizona is well worthy to be added 
to the galaxy of states, thereby giving to the 




citizens of this commonwealth a stronger feeling 
of security in investments, greater facility in the 
development of natural resources, an influx of 
industrious immigrants from the older states, to- 
gether with the privilege of electing public 
officials who are directly responsible to the 
citizens themselves ; and, lastly, liberty and free- 
dom, the greatest privileges of American citizen- 

A native of Maine, born in Lincoln county, in 
1849, and in young manhood a teacher in Wis- 
consin schools, Governor Murphy came to 
Arizona in 1883 to engage in mining with his 
brother, Frank M. Murphy, now president of the 
Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix Railroad Com- 
pany. His first connection with the official life 
of the territory dates from 1889, when he was 
appointed territorial secretary of Arizona. Two 
years later, in May, 1892, he became governor, 
although he had already for more than a year 
been executive in all but name. In June, 1892, 
he was a delegate from Arizona tO' the national 
Republican convention held in Minneapolis, 
where he secured, for the first time in a national 
platform, a statement as to the necessities of the 
arid regions. Although Arizona was at the time 
Democratic, in November, 1894, he was elected 
territorial delegate to congress, where he did all 
within his power to bring before the considera- 
tion of that body the needs of the territory as 
well as the opportunities it offered for advan- 
tageous cultivation. 

It is a noteworthy fact that Governor Murphy 
is the only territorial governor who has been 
twice appointed to the office of executive. His 
second term dates from July 16, 1898, at which 
time President McKinley appointed him to suc- 
ceed Hon. Myron H. McCord, who resigned to 
accept the rank of colonel of the First Terri- 
torial Volunteer Infantry in the Spanish-Ameri- 
can war. During his present term, Governor 
Murphy has emphasized his fitness for his high 
office. Possessing the force of his convictions, 
he has always championed movements for the 
benefit of the territory, and in his dealings with 
the legislature he has shown himself a frank and 
fearless executive. In his messages he has 
urged the proper assessment of mines, railroads 
and personal property, the reorganization of the 
Arizona National Guard, the establishment of an 

entirely new territorial prison, and the enact- 
ment of primary election laws. Whatever makes 
for the progress of the territory receives his sup- 
port, and, both as public official and private 
citizen, he has labored indefatigably for the 
progress of Arizona and the development of its 


In many respects the life-record of ex-Gov- 
ernor Hughes is a history of the territorial de- 
velopment of Arizona. Coming to Tucson in 
December, 1871, he has since been identified 
with the history of the city and territory, and no 
name is better known here than his own. Prior 
to his arrival in the southwest, he had, by dint 
of laborious effort, gained a thorough education 
and received admission to the bar; and on his 
arrival in Tucson he turned his attention to pro- 
fessional practice. Soon afterward he was 
appointed probate judge and ex-officio superin- 
tendent of schools, later was twice chosen dis- 
trict attorney, and also served in various munic- 
ipal offices. 

Establishing in 1877 the Weekly Star, and in 
1878 the Daily Star, Mr. Hughes was thus 
placed at the head of the first daily and the first 
Democratic journal established in Arizona. Im- 
mediately after its establishment, the paper be- 
came a power in the territory. In its second 
issue it declared a new policy for the treatment 
of the Apache Indians, the criminal element of 
which had caused constant disturbance and 
brought terror among the residents of the ter- 
ritory. Being placed on reservations, it had 
been the custom of these Indians to sally forth, 
at certain seasons, and everywhere they left be- 
hind them ruin, disaster and death. Returning 
to their reservations, they placed themselves 
thereby under the protection of the government, 
and Ihe citizens were unable to mete out to 
them the punishment their cruelties deserved. 
Believing the only remedy was to remove the 
worst element of these Indians entirely from the 
territory, Mr. Hughes went to Washington, pre- 
sented the matter fully to President Cleveland, 
and succeeded in having a promise given that 
the policy should be given a trial. Gen. Nelfon 
A. Miles was appointed to settle the Indian ques- 


tion, which he did within six months by captur- 
ing Geronimo and his tribe of Apache Tigers 
and banishing them to Florida. 

The next important question to which the 
Star turned it's attention was regarding the set- 
tlement of the land grant titles in the territory. 
The obscurity of these titles affected the posses- 
sion of fourteen millions of acres in Southern 
Arizona. The policy of settling the title by 
congress the Star held to be too tedious, assert- 
ing that investigation into legality of title was 
not a legislative, but a judicial act, and that it 
belonged to the judicial department of the gov- 
ernment, and not to congressional committees, 
which were changed with every congress. The 
Star urged the creation of a special judicial tri- 
bunal for the purpose of examining and passing 
upon all private land claims, Spanish and Mexi- 
can grants. The court was created, and in less 
than ten years nearly all of the titles had been 

Another measure which the Star advocated 
from the first, but which has not yet been real- 
ized, was the right of Arizona to statehood. Not 
only through his paper, but also by his service as 
governor, Mr. Hughes gave himself enthusi- 
astically to the movement for creating a state 
out of this growing territory, it being his belief 
that the formation of a state, with the added 
dignities and rights thereby resulting, would at- 
tract hither a high class of citizens from the 
eastern and middle states. 

April 12, 1893, Mr. Hughes was appointed 
governor of Arizona, being the eleventh to 
occupy this office. His policy as governor was 
that of financial retrenchment, and the first year 
showed a reduction in the cost of maintaining all 
institutions of from fifteen to twenty-five per 
cent. Whereas previously the territory often had 
an annual deficit of $40,000 or more, during his 
first year as governor the expenditures did not 
exceed the income ; the second year the income 
was $50,000 more than the expenses, this result 
being secured without any increase of taxation. 
After his retirement from the gubernatorial 
chair, Governor Hughes turned his attention to 
mining, organizing the Azurita Copper & Gold 
Mining Company, of which he is now president, 
and which is conceded to be one of the most 
valuable groups of copper mines in the country. 


Mr. Shibell, who came to Arizona in 1862, and 
is now recorder of Pima county, was born in 
St. Louis, Mo., August 14, 1841, a son of George 
and Mary Agnes (Byrne) Shibell, natives re- 
spectively of Pennsylvania and Boston, Mass./ 
the former of German extraction, the latter of 
Irish descent. During the '305 the father settled 
in St. Louis, where he had various interests. 
During the Mexican war he served as lieutenant 
in a Missouri regiment. In 1861 he crossed the 
plains to California, where he died at seventy- 
seven years of age. His wife died in St. Louis. 
Of their five children all but one attained, matur- 
ity, Charles A. being next to the oldest, and 
the only one in Arizona. In 1854 he accompa- 
nied his father to Davenport, Iowa, where he 
attended the high school and Iowa College. In 
1861 he left St. Louis with his father, traveling 
with horse-teams via St. Joe, the North Platte, 
and the Sweetwater, Humboldt and Carson 
route through South Pass, to California, the trip 
from St. Joe consuming sixty days. 

After a short period as a clerk in Sacramento, 
in the fall of 1861 Mr. Shibell entered the gov- 
ernment employ as teamster. February 15, 1862, 
he arrived at Fort Yuma, and from there started 
toward the Rio Grande with the First and Fifth 
California Infantry and the First California Cav- 
alry Regiments. During this expedition he vis- 
ited Tucson. On the ist of January, 1863, he 
was transferred to Arizona, and returned to Tuc- 
son, then a small town. After a few months 
more of government service, he turned his at- 
tention to mining, later engaged in ranching 
and in transportation between Tucson and 
Yuma. He acted as treasurer of the Tucson 
Building & Loan Association and also of the 
Citizens Building & Loan Association. From 
1865 to 1868 he engaged in farming sixty-five 
miles south of Tucson. In 1876 he was elected 
sheriff of Pima county, and was re-elected in 
1878, serving four years. Next he became inter- 
ested in the hotel business, operating what is 
now the Occidental. In 1888 he was nominated 
county recorder on the Democratic ticket and 
was duly re-elected. So satisfactory was his 
service that he was re-elected successively in 
1890, 1892, 1894, 1896, 1898 and 1900, the last 


time without opposition, and with the endorse- 
ment of the Republicans. 

By his first marriage Mr. Shibell had four 
children: Mamie A. and Lillie M., of Tucson; 
Charles B., of Los Angeles, Cal.; and Mercedes 
A., Mrs. Green, of Los Angeles. The second 
marriage of Mr. Shibell took place in San 
Francisco and united him with Miss Nellie Nor- 
ton, a native of Alabama. To this union were 
born two children: Lionel J., who is in the em- 
ploy of the Southern Pacific Railroad; and 
Orpha. Fraternally Mr. Shibell is connected 
with the National Union and the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen. In the Arizona Society 
of Pioneers he has held the offices of secretary 
and president. During three years in which 
he was a member of the board of school trus- 
tees he was for one year president, and for two 
years clerk of the board. 


Alonzo Bailey, ice manufacturer and mining 
operator, residing at Globe, Gila county, is 
recognized as one of the most influential and 
public-spirited citizens of his town. A native 
of Dresden, Ohio, he was born February 5, 1847, 
and is a son of Lawrence and Laura (Graves) 
Bailey, natives respectively of Brookline, N. H., 
and Croton Falls, Mass., and both of English 
descent. Lawrence Bailey moved to Ohio in 
1830, there married and became a large land 
holder. He died in 1871 and his wife in 1867. 

Until attaining the age of nineteen years, 
Alonzo Bailey resided at home, meantime re- 
ceiving his education in the public schools and 
Kenyon College. After the death of his mother 
in 1867, he went to Colorado and for two years 
was engaged in farming and dairy work at Fort 
Lupton. Subsequently he engaged in contract- 
ing with the Santa Fe and the Missouri, Kansas 
& Texas railroads in Kansas and Texas for three 
years. In 1872 he removed to Silver City, N. 
M., where he erected a sawmill, kept a set of 
books, and served in various other capacities for 
local concerns. His residence in Globe dates 
from 1877, and for a year he engaged in mer- 
chandising. From that time until 1900 he was 
continuously devoted to the same line of busi- 
ness, but in that year disposed of his interests. 

For some time he acted as president of the Old 
Dominion Commercial Company of Globe, es- 
tablished in 1891. 

From the earliest days of his residence in 
Arizona, Mr. Bailey has been interested in min- 
ing, and for some time was a principal owner in 
the pioneer property and a large investor in the 
Old Dominion. For several years he has been 
associated with Alfred Kinney in the ice-manu- 
facturing business, the two partners having de- 
veloped the plant from a capacity of one ton per 
day to that of twelve tons. The firm has adopted 
the use of a Holden regealed ice machine. In 
connection with the plant is a soda-water works. 

Fraternally Mr. Bailey is prominent in 
Masonry, having been initiated into the order at 
Silver City, N. M., in 1876. He is a charter 
member of the blue lodge and chapter at Globe; 
is a member of Arizona Commandery No. I, 
K. T., of Tucson ; and Al Malaikah Temple, N. 
M. S., of Los Angeles. In 1884 he served as 
grand master of the grand lodge of Arizona, 
which he had assisted in organizing two years 
before. He is past grand master of the Odd 
Fellows for Arizona. In the Episcopal Church 
of Globe, of which he was an organizer, he 
serves as senior warden. Politically he has 
always been a consistent Democrat. He was a 
member of the constitutional convention of Ari- 
zona and served in the council in the thirteenth 
legislature. Among his interests are important 
real estate holdings in Globe. In 1880 he mar- 
ried Sarah Kennedy, a native of Kansas, and a 
daughter of John Kennedy, a pioneer stockman 
of Arizona, who was drowned in the Verde river 
in 1892. Mr. and Mrs. Bailey have three 
children, Wynette, Edith and Gertrude, all re- 
siding at home. __. 


Though a native of Germany, Mr. Sawyer has 
been a resident of this country since his eighth 
year, and for twenty-three years has been iden- 
tified with the far west. Born in 1858, he came 
to the United States with an uncle in 1866, and 
for eight years resided in Columbia, Tenn., 
where he was educated. In 1874 lie removed to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and in that city remained until 
1878. when the excitement accompanying the 
development of gold at Leadville, Colo., at- 


tracted him to that camp. About a year later 
he removed to Otero, N. M., then a town of 
about two thousand inhabitants, but now de- 

The following years, up to 1885, Mr. Sawyer 
spent principally in Santa Fe and Albuquerque, 
where he continued in the same vocation, that 
of clerk in mercantile houses. In 1885 he set- 
tled in Winslow, and, forming a partnership 
with Julius Lesser, engaged in the general mer- 
cantile business, which relation has been sus- 
tained to the present time. His business career 
has been attended by success. Aside from the 
business which engages most of his time, he has 
been interested in stock-raising and mining in 
various sections of Arizona. With his partner, 
at one time he was interested in the manufacture 
of brick, their plant producing the material from 
which the schoolhouse, roundhouse and depot 
hotel at Winslow are constructed. 

In politics a Democrat, .Mr. Sawyer is one of 
the most influential men of his party in Navajo 
county. By appointment he served as the first 
county treasurer upon the separation of Navajo 
from Apache county in 1895. He was also the 
first mayor of Winslow. For several years he 
served as a member of the territorial central 
Democratic committee. It is a noteworthy fact 
that he has attended every territorial Democratic 
convention since he became a resident of Ari- 
zona. Fraternally he is a member of the blue 
lodge in Masonry, a charter member of Winslow 
lodge No. 13, in which he has passed all the 
chairs, and is connected with the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks. He is one of the 
public-spirited citizens of Winslow, and may al- 
ways be depended upon to do his full share 
toward furthering any movement inspired by a 
desire to advance the best interests of his town. 


Called to the exalted and highly responsible 
office of associate justice of the supreme court 
of Arizona, Judge William H. Barnes acquitted 
himself with distinction during his term, which 
covered four years from 1885 to 1889. He also 
enjoys the honor of having been the second 
president of the Arizona Territorial Bar Associa- 
tion, in which organization his counsels have 

borne great weight during the more than a dec- 
ade and a half of his identification with the 
same. High as he undoubtedly stands in his 
profession, he is equally important as a factor in 
the councils of the Democratic party, and four 
times, in 1876, 1880, 1884 and 1892, he was 
chosen to represent his locality in the national 
conventions of his party in the capacity of a 

The general public of Tucson and Arizona 
maintain such a degree of interest in Judge W. 
H. Barnes that the following facts in regard to 
his family and early history have been compiled. 
His paternal grandfather removed from Mary- 
land, his birthplace, to Portsmouth, Ohio, in 
the early part of the just-completed century, and 
in that town occurred the birth of Rev. William 
Barnes, the judge's father, in 1812. He received 
a liberal education, completing his studies at 
Yale, and was a minister of the Congregational 
Church for many years. In 1853 he removed to 
Alton, 111., and later, retiring from active labors, 
spent his declining days in Jacksonville, 111. For 
a wife he had chosen Eunice, daughter of Na- 
thaniel Hubbard, and a native of Manchester, 
Conn. Her father, who was a farmer, lived and 
died in Connecticut, and her mother a Miss 
Talcott in her girlhood was a niece of the 
celebrated hero, Capt. Nathan Hale, who so 
tragically lost his life in the war of the Revolu- 

Judge W. H. Barnes was born in Hampton, 
Conn., in 1843 ne of the four children of Rev. 
William and Eunice Barnes. His brother, Capt. 
N. H. Barnes, who died at Hartford, Conn., in 
1899, was an officer in the United States navy. 
When ten years of age, the judge became a resi- 
dent of Illinois, and, after leaving the public 
schools of Alton entered the Illinois College at 
Jacksonville, and subsequently was graduated 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, in 1865, 
from the University of Michigan. Then, taking 
up the study of law, he was admitted to the bar 
of Jacksonville, 111., in 1866, and at once em- 
barked in the practice of his chosen profession. 
Continuing to rise among the lawyers of that 
city, he enjoyed the confidence and genuine re- 
gard of all with whom he was associated, and 
when he determined to cast in his lot with the 
great southwest, it was a matter of sincere re- 



gret to his fellow-citizens of so long standing. 
Since 1885 he has been identified with Tucson, 
and, as previously stated, was an associate 
justice of the supreme court of Arizona during 
the first four years of his residence here, repre- 
senting the first judicial district. In the 
fraternities, he is connected with the Odd Fel- 
lows and Order of Elks and was initiated into 
Masonry in Tucson Lodge No. 4, F. & A. M. 

In his early manhood, Judge Barnes was 
united in marriage with Miss Belle J. Daily, the 
ceremony being performed in Carthage, 111. The 
only child born to them is Josephine, now the 
wife of Col. John H. Martin, who has been in 
command of the First Arizona National Guard 
for the past nine years, and who is the junior 
member of the well-known law firm of Barnes & 
Martin, of Tucson. 


Epes Randolph was born and reared in the 
state of Virginia. A civil engineer of some 
twenty odd years' experience in the general 
practice of the profession, his most important 
connections have been as follows : Chief engineer, 
Kentucky Central Railway, headquarters Cincin- 
nati, Ohio; chief engineer and general superin- 
tendent, Elizabethtown, Lexington & Big Sandy 
Railway and Ohio & Big Sandy Railroad, head- 
quarters Lexington, Ky. ; chief engineer, Hunt- 
ington Bridge, crossing the Ohio river at Cincin- 
nati, and of the Louisville and Jeffersonville 
Bridge, crossing the Ohio river at Louisville, Ky., 
headquarters Cincinnati, Ohio;chief engineer and 
general superintendent, Chesapeake, Ohio & 
Southwestern Railway and controlled lines, head- 
quarters Louisville, Ky. The above engagements 
were filled between the years 1880 and 1895. 
Superintendent Southern Pacific Company's lines 
in Arizona and New Mexico from 1895 to this 


The present popular postmaster and former 
mayor of Phoenix is an exceptionally enterpris- 
ing business man, and the important part he has 
taken in the development of the city and in the 
public affairs of Arizona, entitle him to a promi- 
nent place in the roll of public-spirited citizens. 

Today the beautiful Hotel Adams, one of the 
finest modern hotels of the west and one of the 
most imposing buildings in Phoenix, stands as 
a monument to his genius and exemplifies the 
faith he has always felt in the city's growth and 

A native of Kingston, Canada, J. C. Adams 
was born in 1862, a son of J. Q. and Margaret 
Adams. His youth was chiefly spent in Illinois, 
and his literary education was completed in Hed- 
cling College, at Abingdon, that state. Later 
he took up the study of law, and was graduated 
from the law department of the Northwestern 
University at Evanston, 111. In the mean time 
he traveled for Janeway & Co., of New Bruns- 
wick, N. J., remaining in the employ of that firm 
for about five years, and making his home in 
Rock Island, 111., where he served for a term 
in the city council. From 1890 to 1896 he en- 
gaged in the practice of law in Chicago, where 
he met with an encouraging degree of success. 

On coming to Arizona, Mr. Adams made care- 
ful investigations into its resources and pros- 
pects, and the result was that he concluded to 
settle in the territory. Purchasing property on 
the corner of Adams street and Central avenue, 
Phoenix, he set about the task of erecting the 
hotel which bears his name, and which was built 
under his personal supervision in every detail. 
It is four stories in height, constructed of pressed 
brick, with brown stone trimmings, and has a 
frontage of a half block on each of the streets 
named. The fact is noteworthy that within six 
months after the ground was broken for the 
foundations, the building was completed, fur- 
nished and in running order. Sixty-six of the 
two hundred rooms (all outside rooms) are 
equipped with private bathrooms, with porce- 
lain tubs. Each room is provided with French 
windows, opening upon verandas fifteen feet 
wide, a very desirable feature in this climate. 
The two dining rooms are spacious, the halls 
wide, and the office, 60x40 feet, affords every 
convenience desired by guests. 'From Novem- 
ber to May the hotel is managed on the Ameri- 
can plan, rates ranging upward from $3 per day, 
while the rest of the year the European plan 

Few things in Phoenix are better calculated 
to disabuse the minds of eastern people of the 


3 1 

idea that the far west is a semi-civilized com- 
munity, where modern luxuries are compara- 
tively unknown, than a sojourn, however brief, 
at the Hotel Adams. The tables are supplied 
with all the delicacies which are procurable from 
eastern and western markets, and local mar- 
kets vie with one another in providing the best 
of everything to the fortunate mortals domiciled 
within these hospitable walls. It amazes many 
to learn that often sixty employes are connected 
with the establishment. Those who are aware 
that this is the first hotel business with which 
the proprietor has ever been associated are as 
much surprised as interested to witness his re- 
markable success. The handsome quarters of 
the Maricopa Club, those of the New York Life 
Insurance Company, also a first-class drug store 
and the offices of numerous leading physicians 
are located in the hotel building. 

From his early manhood Mr. Adams has been 
a valued worker in the Republican party, and 
at present is chairman of the territorial Re- 
publican central committee of Arizona. At 
twenty-one he was elected by his party friends 
of Rock Island to the city council, which fact 
was notable, owing to his residence in a Demo- 
cratic ward. Within a year and a half after his 
settlement in Phoenix he was elected mayor of 
the city, a tribute to his sterling worth and gen- 
eral ability. In February, 1891, he resigned that 
office to enter upon his present duties as post- 
master, and as such has justified the wisdom of 
the administration in calling him to this respon- 
sible position. In 1899 he served as president of 
the Phoenix board of trade. Fraternally he is 
connected with the Elks and the Knights of 

In 1889 Mr. Adams married Miss Anna 
Dimick, of Rock Island, 111., and they have one 
child, Margaret.- Mrs. Adams is a daughter of 
Otis J. Dimick, a prominent business man of 
Rock Island and Chicago. 


Judge Richard E. Sloan is one of the most 
conspicuous figures in the history of jurispru- 
dence in Arizona. Endowed by nature with 
strong mental qualities, a keen, logical power 
of resolving knotty problems of law, he is well 

adapted to his chosen field of endeavor. His 
career at the bar has been one of the greatest 
honor, and for many years he has been known 
far and wide for his sterling integrity and fear- 
less loyalty to his convictions of right and 

The patriotic and worthy family represented 
by Judge Sloan is an old and honored one in 
the United States. It originated in the northern 
part of Ireland several generations ago, and our 
subject's great-grandfather, Richard Sloan, was 
the founder of the line in America. Settling in 
South Carolina, his son Richard, and grandson 
Richard, in the direct line of descent, were there 
born and dwelt. His son Richard Sloan was a 
participant in the Revolutionary war, and spent 
his life upon a South Carolina plantation, and 
his son, in turn, Richard Sloan, 'held a captaincy 
in the war of 1812. Captain Sloan was a stanch 
Presbyterian, and was opposed to the slavery 
system, for which reason he joined a colony and 
located some land in Preble county, Ohio, there 
passing the rest of his life. 

The parents of Judge Sloan are Dr. Richard 
and Mary (Caldwell) Sloan, the former born in 
South Carolina and the latter near Hamilton, 
Ohio, though her father, Nathan Caldwell, also 
was a native of South Carolina. She is of Scotch- 
Irish extraction, and her grandfather, Capt. 
William Caldwell, of the state just mentioned, 
and a planter of prominence, held a commission 
as an officer in the war for independence. He 
died in Ohio. Nathan Caldwell was one of the 
pioneers of the Buckeye state and owned a 
valuable farm adjacent to Hamilton. He was 
accidentally drowned in the Miami river. 

Dr. Richard Sloan was graduated in the Ohio 
Medical College at Cincinnati and for many 
years was actively engaged in practice in Preble 
county, Ohio. A strong abolitionist, he was 
identified with the Whig party until the Repub- 
licans were organized, when he joined their 
ranks. His widow, now in her eightieth year, is 
yet living on the old homestead near Oxford, 
Ohio, and of their five children two sons and a 
daughter survive. Mr. Sloan had been previ- 
ously married, and his son by that union, Joseph 
G., served in the Forty-seventh Ohio Volunteers 
during the Civil war and now resides in Pawnee 
City, Neb. 


Judge Sloan was born on the farm near Ox- 
ford, Ohio, June 22, 1857, and was reared in that 
state. An apt student, he pursued a course in 
Monmouth College, where he was graduated 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1877, and 
later, the degree of Master of Arts was bestowed 
upon him. For about a year he taught in a pre- 
paratory school and at that time took up legal 
studies under the supervision of Mr. James, of 
Hamilton, Ohio. In 1878 he went to Denver, 
Colo., where he continued his researches in legal 
lore, also being employed on the "Rocky Moun- 
tain News" as a journalist. In 1879 he went to 
Leadville, and later became a temporary resident 
of the mining camp of Breckenridge. Remain 
ing in that locality until January, 1882, he then 
concluded to return to the law. 

Matriculating in the Cincinnati (Ohio) Law 
College, he was graduated there in 1884 and 
started on an extended trip through the west 
and northwest. In the autumn he located in 
Phoenix, Ariz., and remained there about two 
years, engaged in law practice. He then re- 
moved to Florence, and in the autumn of 1886 
was elected district attorney of Final county. In 
1888 he was honored by election to the council 
of the fifteenth general assembly of Arizona and 
in that session served as chairman of the judi- 
ciary committee and was a member of several 
other committees. In October, 1889, under the 
appointment of President Harrison, he was in- 
stalled as associate justice of the Supreme 
Court; with his headquarters at Tucson he pre- 
sided over the first judicial district which then 
embraced the territory now comprised in Pima, 
Cochise, Graham and Santa Cruz counties. 

June i, 1894, after he had made a splendid 
record on the bench, Judge Sloan stepped down 
into the private walks of life, owing to the 
change in the administration. Having carefully 
considered the matter, he decided to make 
Prescott his place of future residence, and 
arriving here, at once embarked upon a practice 
which steadily increased in importance. In July, 
1897, he was again honored by the chief execu- 
tive of the United States, and under his appoint- 
ment assumed once more the arduous duties of 
an associate justice of the supreme court of 
Arizona. Since that time he has served in the 
fourth judicial district which embraces the 

counties of Yavapai, Mohave, Coconino, Apache 
and Navajo. He belongs to the Territorial Bar 
Association. Naturally, the extensive mining 
interests of this territory have engaged his earn- 
est attention, and besides having made invest- 
ments in mining property, he has made a special 
study of the laws relating to the subject. In 
politics, he is an ardent Republican, as was his 
father before him. Like him, reared in the 
Presbyterian faith, he adheres to its principles, 
though he attends the Congregational Church 
of this city. 

In Hamilton, Ohio, Judge Sloan married Miss 
Mary Brown, one of the native daughters of that 
place. Her father, William E. Brown, a success- 
ful member of the local bar, is now the president 
of the Second National Bank of Hamilton. Mrs. 
Brown bore the maiden name of Mary Becket, 
and comes of an old and respected family of 
Hamilton. Mrs. Sloan possesses qualities which 
render her presence a great addition to the best 
social circles, and her education was completed 
at Vassar College. Three children have been 
born of this union : Eleanor, Richard E. and 
Mary Caldwell. 


Alfred Kinney, ice manufacturer and owner 
of important mining enterprises, residing at 
Globe, Gila county, has been one of the most 
important contributors to the upbuilding of the 
community in which he lives. Born in Greene 
county, Ohio, January 5, 1856, he is a son of 
Aaron and Sarah Kinney, who removed with 
their family to Iowa in 1866. At the age of 
fourteen years Alfred Kinney left his home to 
make a way for himself in the world. Going to 
Denver, Colo., he spent three years in the shops 
of the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, learning 
the machinist's trade, after which he removed 
to Trinidad in the same territory and operated 
a sash and door factory. 

After various other ventures, in 1878 he went 
to New Mexico and sawed bridge timbers for 
the Santa Fe Railroad Company for about two 
years. Later he spent two months in Silver 
City, N. M., after which he came to Arizona 
January 5, 1881, and at once erected a sawmill 



in the Pinal mountains, near Globe. Here he 
engaged in sawing logs until May 6, following, 
when, while thus laboring, he lost his right arm 
by falling partly upon the saw. Six days later, 
May 12, 1881, he was united in marriage with 
Mrs. Clara Weissig, a native of Germany. Im- 
mediately afterward he came to Globe, erected a 
house and began the manufacture of ice and the 
bottling of soda water. For several years he 
continued this business in partnership with 
Alonzo Bailey, in the meantime also engaging in 
mining in the Globe district. His wife, too, is 
interested in mining, and is recognized as an 
expert in this business. He owns one group of 
mines on Mineral Creek and another group at 
Riverside, one of the properties, the Bryan 
mine, copper and gold, being held by him at 

Politically Mr. Kinney is independent, inva- 
riably casting his vote for the man whom he be- 
lieves to be best fitted for office. He is identi- 
fied with the Knights of Pythias and with the 
Odd Fellows, and has passed all the chairs in the 
local lodge of the latter order. With his wife, 
he is connected with the Rebekah lodge. 


Col. William Christy, president of the Valley 
Bank of Phoenix, is a member of a family long 
identified with the history of the United States 
and to whose brave endurance of pioneer hard- 
ships not a little of the development of our 
country may be justly attributed. Originally 
from Scotland, thence migrating to the north of 
Ireland at the time of the religious persecutions 
in the former country, the family settled in New 
Jersey during the latter part of the eighteenth 

Colonel Christy's grandfather, William 
Christy, was a soldier in the war of 1812, during 
which conflict he served with valor and fidelity. 
By occupation a merchant tailor, he was for 
some years engaged in that calling in New- 
Jersey, but finally removed with his family to 
Ohio, which at the time was considered the "far" 
west. By means of blazed trees he followed the 
unknown path, through trackless forests and 
over wide-rolling prairies, to Trumbull county, 

where he settled on new land near Warren.' The 
outlook was one to discourage a man of less 
strength of character than he possessed. No 
improvements had been made. On every hand 
could be seen a thick forest. Neighbors there 
were none. With the firmness of purpose that 
ever characterized him, he set about the difficult 
task of placing the land under cultivation. The 
first work was to hew the timber and burn the 
logs, from which potash was made, and this was 
later sold, furnishing the family with money 
needed for the paying of taxes. It is a com- 
mentary upon the primitive customs of that day 
to state that there was little need for money for 
any other purpose than this, as the necessities 
of life were secured by trade or exchange. 

Finally, after years of tireless effort, William 
Christy became the owner of a valuable home- 
stead, one of the finest for miles around. His 
last days were spent in quiet retirement, sur- 
rounded by all the comforts of existence. At 
the time of his death he was ninety-six years of 
age. His wife was Margaret Snook, a native of 
Germany, who accompanied her parents to 
America in childhood and settled in Penn- 

At the time of the removal to Ohio, George 
Christy, the Colonel's father, was a boy of 
thirteen. His advantages were somewhat better 
than those received by many in similar circum- 
stances, and his schooling was sufficient to en- 
able him to engage successfully in teaching. 
Reared to farm pursuits, through his unaided 
efforts he cleared a farm comprising about one 
hundred acres. Somewhat later he turned his 
attention to the mercantile business in Old- 
town, where he remained until his store was 
burned down. In 1854, accompanied by his 
family, he traveled via railroad to Rock Island. 
111., and thence with teams to Osceola, Clarke 
county, Iowa, where he secured two hundred 
acres of government land. Unlike the property 
on which his father had settled, this was a tract 
of prairie land, and its cultivation was therefore 
a less difficult task. He became influential in 
local politics and was elected sheriff of Clarke 
county on the Whig ticket. At the time of the 
slavery agitation, he espoused the cause of the 
Abolitionists and had a station of the under- 
ground railroad on his farm. When the Repub- 


lican party was organized, he identified himself 
with the new movement and ever afterward sup- 
ported its principles. His interest in the anti- 
slavery cause was so great that he endeavored 
to secure admission into the army, as a member 
of the "Graybeards" Regiment, but was re- 
jected. He lived to see the institution of slavery 
abolished and to rejoice in the perpetuity of the 
Union. Fraternally he was connected with the 
Odd Fellows. At the time of his death, in 
August, 1869, he was fifty-four years of age. 

The wife of George Christy was Jane Mar- 
shall, a native of Trumbull county, Ohio, and a 
daughter of Isaac Marshall, who was born, in 
Massachusetts, going from there to Ohio about 
1800 and improving a farm in Trumbull county. 
During the war of 1812 he served as a member 
of an Ohio regiment. The farm that he bought 
from the government is today owned by his son, 
Huston, who is eighty years of age. He himself 
died when seventy-five. His father, who was a 
Revolutionary soldier, died in Massachusetts. 
The family descended from English ancestry and 
were of the Presbyterian faith. Mrs. Jane 
Christy died at the old home farm in Iowa. 
January 13, 1901. Of her nine children all but 
three attained mature years, William being the 
second child and oldest son. The others are Mrs. 
Lucinda Bonar; Marshall, who was a sergeant 
in the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry, and is now living 
in Phoenix, Ariz.; Miles, a corporal in the 
Eighth Iowa Cavalry, and now a business man 
of Des Moines, Iowa; Orlo, a farmer living in 
Phoenix; and Mrs. Theckla Kendall, of Iowa. 
Both Mr. Bonar and Mr. Kendall were soldiers 
in the Civil war. 

Col. William Christy was born in Trumbull 
county, Ohio, February 14, 1841, and was 
thirteen years of age when the family settled on 
a farm near Oseola, Iowa. Although he had 
few opportunities to attend school, he was of 
such a diligent, industrious disposition that he 
was fitted to teach school, which occupation he 
began at the age of seventeen. He was a young 
man of twenty when the Civil war threw its dark 
shadow over our country. With the patriotic 
fervor that was his by right of descent from 
Revolutionary forefathers, he determined to en- 
list in the Union army. July, 1861, found him a 
member of a regiment organized to protect the 

border. In October of the same year he en- 
listed in the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry, being 
mustered into service at Keokuk as a private. 
In December, 1862, he was transferred to the 
Eighth Iowa Cavalry and was commissioned 
second lieutenant of Company D. During his 
connection with the Fifteenth Regiment, he 
participated in the battle of Shiloh, Siege of 
Corinth, and battles of luka and Corinth. Later 
he was a member of a cavalry guard in Kentucky 
and Tennessee, then took part in the battles of 
Dalton, Buzzard's Roost, Snake Creek Gap, and 
other engagements preceding the fall of Atlanta 
and Stoneman's raid to relieve Andersonville. 
In the battle of Jonesboro, July 29, 1864, he was 
wounded four times, while leading a sabre 
charge. In spite of the wounds in both shoulders 
and through the left hand and arm, he made his 
way back to the rear of the column and again 
led a charge against the enemy. 

The next day he was captured by the Confed- 
erates and sent to a hospital in Newman, Ga., 
where he was seriously ill for three months. 
From there he was transferred to the hospital 
at Macon, and in December, 1864, was sent to 
Milan prison, but a month later was paroled 
under special arrangements. In February he 
was exchanged. Meantime, during his imprison- 
ment, he had been commissioned captain, and 
as such he returned to his regiment, still, how- 
ever, carrying his left arm in a sling. He had 
command of his company in the Wilson raid, the 
capture of Selma, and the battles of Mont- 
gomery and Tuscaloosa. As soon as a vacancy 
occurred, at the close of the war, he was raised 
to the rank of lieutenant-colonel of his regiment. 
At Macon, Ga., he was mustered out in August, 

The serious nature of Colonel Christy's 
wounds may be inferred from the statement 
that, for more than three years after his return 
home, he was obliged to carry his left arm in a 
sling. This, however, did not prevent him from 
entering actively upon a business career. After 
completing a course in Bryant & Stratton's 
Business College, at Burlington, Iowa, he taught 
in that school for six months and then returned 
to Osceola. In the spring of 1867 he became 
cashier of H. C, Sigler's Bank, in Osceola, 
where he remained until 1872, the bank during 



the interval having been merged into the First 
National Bank of Osceola. 

Meantime Colonel Christy had been active in 
the Republican party. His patriotic spirit was 
as evident in times of peace as in days of war, 
and he was always interested in plans for the 
party's welfare and success. In 1872, on the Re- 
publican ticket, he was elected state treasurer of 
Iowa, receiving a majority of sixty-eight thou- 
sand votes and running three thousand ahead of 
the presidential candidate, U. S. Grant. At the 
expiration of two years he was re-elected to the 
office, serving from January, 1873, to January, 
1877, and meantime making his home in Des 
Moines. On his retirement as state treasurer, 
he became cashier and a director of the Capital 
City Bank of Des Moines, in which capacity he 
continued until 1881, meantime assisting in the 
organization of the Merchants National Bank of 
Des Moines, of which he was elected cashier. 

On account of ill health, Colonel Christy 
found it expedient to resign his various positions 
in Iowa and seek a more genial climate. Ac- 
cordingly, in August, 1882, he came to Arizona, 
where he purchased a ranch forty-five miles 
north of Prescott. During the eighteen months 
of his residence upon that place, he not only re- 
gained his health, but found the cultivation of 
his land and the raising of cattle a source of 
financial profit. Coming to Phoenix in 1883, ne 
bought a farm west of Phoenix, consisting of 
four hundred and forty acres, and here he has 
since made his home, actively superintending its 
management and engaging in stock-raising. 
With his brother, he was interested in the in- 
troduction of the first Shorthorns ever brought 
to Arizona, and in this way has been an impor- 
tant factor in the development of the stock in- 
terests in this territory. Realizing the need of 
irrigation, he has been a director in three canal 
companies and acted as vice-president of the 
company that built the Arizona canal. Alto- 
gether, his landed interests in the territory ag- 
gregate one thousand acres, much of which is 
tillable land. 

The management of his property, however, 
does not represent the area of Colonel Christy's 
activities. In 1883 the Valley Bank was organ- 
ized with a capital stock of $50,000 and himself 
as cashier. Four years later the capital was in- 

creased to $100,000, and in 1890 he was chosen 
its president, which responsible position he still 
holds. Besides himself, the directors are Lloyd 
B. Christy, E. J. Bennett, F. C. Hatch, M. H. 
Sherman, J. C. Kirkpatrick and W. D. Ful- 
weller; the latter is also cashier and Lloyd B. 
Christy assistant cashier. The Valley Bank is 
incorporated under the laws of Arizona, and a 
general banking business is transacted. Its cor- 
respondents are the Continental Bank of Chi- 
cago, American Exchange National Bank of 
New York, Wells-Fargo & Co's. Bank of San 
Francisco, the First National Bank of Los 
Angeles and Inter-State National Bank of 
Kansas City. From the time of its organization 
the Valley Bank has had a successful history and 
it has proved a great advantage to the growing 
country in which it is located. Its soundness as 
a financial institution is known to all bankers, 
and it has the confidence of depositors to an un- 
usual degree. 

In the matter of fruit-raising. Colonel Christy 
has been a pioneer. Upon coming to Arizona 
and studying the soil, climate, etc., he became 
satisfied that citrus fruits could be grown in cer- 
tain sections of the territory, and accordingly 
gave his attention to the growing of oranges. 
He successfully demonstrated that a fine quality 
of oranges can be grown here, and also proved 
that olives and peaches can be grown. In this 
way he has been an influential factor in develop- 
ing a new industry whose value will grow with 
each passing year. 

The marriage of Colonel Christy took place in 
Aurora, 111., August 22, 1866, and united him 
with Miss Carrie E. Bennett, a native of 
Schuyler county, N. Y., and a daughter of 
Charles M. Bennett, who removed from New 
York to Illinois in an early day. The family of 
Colonel and Mrs. Christy consists of five 
children, namely : Lloyd B., who is a graduate 
of the University of Southern California and as- 
sistant cashier of the Valley Bank ; George, a 
graduate of the University of Southern Cali- 
fornia and Harvard College, who is an attorney 
in Phoenix ; Shirley, who acts as general agent 
for the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New 
York in Arizona and resides at Phoenix ; Carrie 
and Carroll, at home. During the Spanish- 
American war George and Shirley enlisted in 


the service. The former was one of the first to 
enlist in the First Territorial Infantry and 
served as captain of Company A. The latter was 
chief clerk to Paymaster Stillwell during the war. 

In Masonry Colonel Christy stands high. He 
was made a Mason in Iowa Lodge No. 5, A. F. 
& A. M., at Des Moines, of which he was secre- 
tary and treasurer ; since then he has transferred 
his membership to Arizona Lodge No. i. He 
was made a Royal Arch Mason in Phoenix 
Chapter No. i, R. A. M., and is also identified 
with the commandery and Shriners at Phoenix, 
and California Commandery, Loyal Legion, at 
San Francisco. All matters pertaining to the 
Grand Army of the Republic receive his 
thoughtful attention, and he holds membership 
in J. W. Owen Post No. 5. In religion he is 
identified with the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
At trie time of the building of the edifice here 
he was chairman of the building committee. 

The political activities of Colonel Christy did 
not terminate with his removal from Iowa. 
Here, as there, he has been steadfast in his al- 
legiance to the Republican party, which un- 
doubtedly has no member more prominent than 
he, within the bounds of the territory. Under 
Governor Irwin, in 1891 he was appointed ter- 
ritorial treasurer, which office he filled for one 
term. Twice he has been chosen chairman of 
the territorial Republican committee, and prior 
to his removal from Iowa he held a similar posi- 
tion in the state central committee. In 1896 he was 
chairman of the territorial delegation to the na- 
tional Republican convention held in St. Louis. 

From the above review, it will be seen that 
Colonel Christy has been a potent factor in the 
advancement of Arizona. Not only have the 
financial interests of the territory received the 
impetus of his soimd judgment and wise over- 
sight, but other industries have been benefited 
by his residence here, notably the fruit-growing 
and cattle-raising interests. Religious, philan- 
thropic and educational movements have been 
the beneficiaries of his constant regard, and their 
welfare has been promoted by his ability and 
watchful oversight. In the years to come, when 
Arizona shall have risen to statehood and at- 
tained a position of eminence among our 
western states, the name of Col. William Christy 
will be given a high place in the archives of 

history and his influence upon the material and 
moral interests of the country will be recognized 
by an appreciative posterity. 


Fred W. Morrison, attorney-at-law, of King- 
man, is rapidly coming to the front ranks of 
his profession in Mohave county, where his 
residence dates back but two years. For twenty- 
two months he was associated with Fleetwood 
Bell, their partnership having been entered upon 
in August, 1899, soon after his arrival here. Be- 
ing an able and ambitious young man, full of 
energy and determination, he is receiving favor- 
able notice among his professional co-workers. 

A native of Missouri, Mr. Morrison was born 
in Fayette, Howard county, in 1873. He re- 
ceived the advantages of a liberal education, 
attending the public schools and Central Col- 
lege of his native place, after which he pursued 
his higher studies in Christian Brothers College 
in St. Louis. Before he had reached his ma- 
jority, and because he was too young to enter 
any profession, he traveled as salesman for a 
St. Louis house, and also for some time repre- 
sented the business interests of Swift Packing 
Company, of Kansas City, on the road. In 1896 
he began the study of law in the office of R. C. 
Clark, of Fayette. After due preparation, he 
took the examination and in July, 1898, was ad- 
mitted to the bar. In May, 1899, he was admit- 
ted to practice in the supreme court of Missouri. 

After establishing an office and practicing law 
in Fayette for a few months, Mr. Morrison con- 
cluded to try his fortunes in Arizona. In the 
spring of 1899 he settled in Prescott and was 
connected with the firm of Herndon & Norris 
until August, 1899, when he came to Kingman. 
His partnership with Mr. Bell was mutually 
beneficial, and they were engaged as legal ad- 
visers of the Gaddis & Perry Company, also 
many of the leading business firms of the city 
and county. They established a branch office at 
Chloride and built up a large and profitable prac- 
tice in that locality, where Mr. Morrison owns 
some mining property. He is an active worker 
in the Democratic party and is counted upon as 
an ardent young politician. 

Mr. Bell was graduated from the State Uni- 


versity of Missouri at Columbia in 1897, and 
during the same year was admitted to the bar 
of his home state, after which he practiced in 
Columbia until March, 1899. During June of 
that year he began professional practice in Ari- 
zona. In the fall of 1900 he sold his interest 
in the law business to Mr. Morrison and moved 
to Prescott. Since that time the latter gentle- 
man has had in charge the management of the 
practice they had built up and at the same time 
he has increased its volume by the gaining of 
additional work along professional lines. 

. HON. A. C. BAKER. 

Peculiarly qualified by natural talents, by- 
systematic training and practical experience, 
Hon. A. C. Baker has occupied an enviable 
position in the legal profession of Arizona dur- 
ing the entire period of his residence in the ter- 
ritory. When, step by step, he rose until at last 
he was installed as chief justice of the supreme 
court of Arizona, he indeed reached a distinction 
which he had not expected to attain, but the 
same characteristics which had hitherto been 
displayed in his career held sway over him, and 
every matter coming to his notice received seri- 
ous and conscientious consideration. As in the 
humbler walks of life and in minor official posi- 
tions, so he now justified the confidence reposed 
in him and added fresh laurels to his umblem- 
ished record. 

Judge Baker is a worthy representative of a 
sterling old southern family. His father, Hon. 
Benjamin H. Baker, was a native of Georgia but 
was best known in Alabama, where he was a 
very influential citizen. A leading legal light, 
his practice was not confined to one locality, but 
was carried on in different parts of his state, his 
home, meanwhile, being in Crawford, Ala. Dur- 
ing the Civil war he was lieutenant-colonel of 
the Sixth Alabama Rifles, and his death, in 1864, 
was directly traceable to the hardships and ex- 
posure to inclement weather which he had en- 
dured. For several terms he had served the 
people of 'his district as their representative in 
the state legislature, and by everyone he was 
held in high esteem. In the Masonic order and 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church South he was 
a prominent member. He married Eliza Greer, 

who was born in Forsythe, Ga., a planter's 
daughter, and whose last years were spent at 
the old homestead in Alabama. 

Judge Baker was born in Girard, Russell 
county, Ala., February 15, 1845, an d ms youth 
was spent in Crawford, Ala., where he attended 
private schools. At the age of eighteen he en- 
listed as a volunteer in Waddell's Battalion of 
artillery and was made the color bearer. Gal- 
lantly he performed his hazardous duties, taking 
part in the siege of Vicksburg and the Georgia 
campaign from Dalton to Atlanta. Later he 
participated in Wilson's raid at Columbus and 
was captured by the Federals, but soon released 
on parole. Returning home, he resumed his 
preparation for future duties. After spending 
three years in the Eastern Alabama Male Col- 
lege at Auburn, he left its halls at the close of 
the junior year, in order to take tip legal studies 
with Judge Williams. Being admitted to the 
bar at Tuskogee, in 1868 he established himself 
in practice at Crawford, where he remained 
some three years. Then going to San Diego, 
Cal., he continued professional work there until 
1876. The next year was spent in Los Angeles, 
after which he resided in San Francisco three 
years. Since 1879 ne nas been numbered among 
the leading citizens of Phoenix. From 1882 to 
1884 he served as district attorney, for four years 
was city attorney, and for a like period was as- 
sistant United States attorney. In 1887 the firm 
of Baker & Bennett was formed and a large 
general practice was soon established. 

A great worker in the Democratic party, 
Judge Baker was a delegate to the national con- 
vention at Chicago in 1892, and there served on 
the committee on resolutions. He has been 
chairman of different conventions of the party, 
both county and territorial. Elected to repre- 
sent his district in the eleventh general assembly 
of Arizona, he won the commendation of his 
constituents. In 1893 President Cleveland ap- 
pointed him chief justice of the supreme court 
of Arizona, in which position he served for four 
years. He is ex-president of the Territorial Bar 
Association and for one term was a member of 
the board of trustees of the Arizona Normal 
School. As a lawyer he holds rank among the 
ablest men in Arizona. While he is an all-around 
practitioner, many of his friends consider that 



his greatest strength lies in criminal law, and 
they believe that he easily stands at the head of 
his profession in that branch of the practice, hav- 
ing won a reputation that is not limited to 
Arizona, but extends along' the entire Pacific 

Judge Baker was made a Mason in Auburn, 
Ala. At this writing he is connected with 
Arizona Lodge No. 2, F. & A. M.; Phoenix 
Chapter, R. A. M.; Arizona Commandery, K. 
T., and El Zaribah Temple, N. M. S. Religiously 
he is an Episcopalian. 

The marriage of Judge Baker and Miss Mary 
Jesus Alexander was solemnized in Yuma, Ariz. 
Her father, H. N. Alexander, attorney for the 
Southern Pacific Railroad, was one of the early 
settlers of the southwest. Born in Ohio, he 
went to Los Angeles when the city was young, 
and in California married a daughter of the 
noted old Spanish house of Doininguez. Mrs. 
Baker was born upon her father's ranch in Los 
Angeles county, Cal. Four children comprise 
the family of Judge and Mrs. Baker, namely : 
Francisco, a student in Marlboro Academy ; 
Mary, Alexander and Robert, who are students 
in the Phoenix schools. 


In Phoenix, which has risen neath the magic 
wand of a latter-day civilization, surrounded by 
perpetually happy moods of cloud, sky and air, 
and the rendezvous of travelers from all direc- 
tions in search of homes and occupation, who 
hopefully count no land, however sterile, as be- 
yond redemption, have developed on the erst- 
while desert vastness the great enterprises which 
have been the making of cities in the east and 
elsewhere; in the same proportion also, with an 
equal largeness of construction, and with an 
exceeding intelligence when applied to manage- 
ment. It is but natural that Phoenix should 
benefit by the experiences of the east, and it is 
therefore to the citizens who have settled within 
her borders that she is indebted for the knowl- 
edge that comes with them, and is here put to 
the practical test. To be the chief promoter 
in any one of the avenues of growth in the town 
of one's adoption is ever a matter of pride with 
any true-hearted citizen, and to sav that Mr. 

Pemberton is proud of his association with the 
development of the light and fuel question, of 
which he has been the chief promoter in the city, 
is to designate the chief cause of his success. 

Of interest always are the early struggles and 
attainments of men in high public esteem. Mr. 
Pemberton was born in Milwaukee, Wis., Octo- 
ber 24, 1845, anc l ' s f English ancestry. His fa- 
ther, T. W. Pemberton, was born near Manches- 
ter, England, and was a machinist by occupation. 
Upon coming to America he lived for a time in 
New York, and later removed to Milwaukee, 
where he conducted a machine shop, and where 
he died in 1849, at the age of thirty-three years. 
His wife, Rachel (Cook) Pemberton, was born 
in England and died in New Jersey. She was 
the mother of three children, of whom Thomas 
W. is the only one living. When seven years of 
age Thomas W. went with his mother to live 
with an uncle near Summerville, Somerset 
county, N. J., where he was reared on a farm and 
educated in the public schools. When eighteen 
years of age he went to New York, and in 1866 
removed to Chicago, where he clerked for a 
time, and in 1874 started in the produce and 
commission business for himself. 

Following a wisely directed inclination, Mr. 
Pemberton came to Phoenix in 1888, and pur- 
chased a farm two and a half miles northeast 
of the city. Amid the crude and unpromising 
conditions was again demonstrated the power of 
man over nature's soil when abandoned by a pre- 
historic people to countless centuries of lassi- 
tude and inactivity. Upon his farm of eighty 
acres the most modern improvements have been 
brought about by ceaseless devotion to artificial 
irrigation, and is now a paying and satisfactory 
investment. In 1894 Mr. Pemberton became in- 
terested in the Phoenix Light & Fuel Company, 
and was chosen president of the company in July 
of 1897. The mission of the company is to fur- 
nish light and warmth in the cooler months, and 
a cheap and cleanly means of cooking during 
the heat of summer, the latter an important item 
in all semi-tropical localities. The advantages 
of gas for cooking especially are being more and 
more appreciated, and the increase in demand 
has necessitated continual improvements in the 
gas company's plant. The desire on the part of 
the enterprising managers to keep pace with 



all improvements in other parts of the world, 
and in advance of the demands of their patrons 
has required heavy outlays of capital, and the 
exercise of continual vigilance. The new plant 
was installed in September of 1897 and is one 
of the most complete in the west. Mains to the 
extent of seven miles have been laid in all parts 
of the town, and the service given is most satis- 
factory. The gas is made from crude petroleum, 
procured from Los Angeles, Cal., and by means 
of a superior appliance is converted into an ex- 
cellent quality of gas. This is supplied at $2 per 
thousand feet, and is both cheaper and cleaner 
than ordinary fuel. Besides the gas works, the 
company controls one of the best equipped elec- 
tric systems in the country, which supplies the 
city with fifty-four arc lights, and the stores and 
residences with numberless incandescent lights. 
Thus it happens that Phoenix, which is one of 
the best watered cities in the land, is also one of 
the best lighted. In the distributing system there 
are ten miles of line, and more than thirty miles 
of heavy copper wire are utilized. This is run 
not only throughout the city, but far into the 
country, the Indian school being among the out- 
side institutions benefited. The motive power 
used is a four hundred horse-power engine, driv- 
ing three large General Electric Company's dy- 
namos, arranged for supplying both light and 
power, and the plant is constructed on the mono- 
cycle system. The officers of the concern are 
T. W. Pemberton, president and manager; E. B. 
Gage, vice-president, and C. J. Hall, secretary 
and treasurer. The capital stock is $500,000. 

One of the really commendable things about 
the company's efforts is the excellent and con- 
siderate treatment accorded the large number of 
employes. In this regard the gas company is 
without a peer in the city. The management is 
in the hands of capable, high-minded and suc- 
cessful men, who have an enduring pride in all 
that pertains to the best development of their 
city, and whose success in other lines has been 
productive of sufficient capital to render possible 
the adoption of any new and improved method. 
Aside from his interest in the gas company, Mr. 
Pemberton is vice-president of the Phoenix Na- 
tional Bank, and was a member of its first board 
of directors. He is also interested in the sub- 
ject of water production, and is a director in 

three canals, the Grand, Maricopa and Salt 
River. Under Governor Irwin, Mr. Pemberton 
was appointed commissioner of the insane asy- 
lum and served for one term. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics, has held many local and other 
offices within the gift of the people, and served 
as a delegate to various ferritorial and other 
conventions. In 1898 he was appointed terri- 
torial treasurer by Governor Murphy. 

In 1870 in Chicago, 111., Mr. Pemberton was 
united in marriage to Sarah H. Wiggins, who 
was born in Chicago. Of this union there are 
five children, viz.: T. W., Jr., an electrician, who, 
during the Spanish-American war, served in 
Troop B of the Rough Riders; Gertrude, who 
is the wife of C. S. Birdsell, of Congress, Ariz.; 
Eva ; Frances, and Harold, who are students of 
the schools of Phoenix. 


The active, interesting and varied life of Mr. 
Mclnernay has penetrated into many grooves, 
and, covering many years, he has in the past fa- 
miliarized himself with the people and condi- 
tions of the enterprising west, taking an equally 
important part in the development and progress 
of the present. Many things contribute to the 
popularity of the manager and proprietor of the 
Prescott Hotel, not the least being the vast fund 
of information picked up in travel, as Indian 
trader, under sheriff, superintendent of a peni- 
tentiary, soldier during the Civil war and all- 
around observer of all that the west, east, 
north and south has to offer. 

When a boy of few years Mr. Mclnernay, who 
was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., December 18, 
1850, of Scotch-Irish descent, was left mother- 
less, three other children also comprising the lit- 
tle family. The father, John, was a shoeman by 
occupation, and lived for many years in Brook- 
lyn. The outbreak of the Civil war was hailed as 
an opportunity by two of the sons, the oldest 
brother serving in the Thirteenth New York 
Volunteer Infantry. He subsequently died in 
Panama in 1886. Murray Mclnernay, at the 
time of his enlistment in Company I, New York 
Volunteer Infantry, was but fourteen years of 
age, and in order to be able to serve his country 
enlisted as a drummer boy. The ruse was sue- 



cessful, and he carried a musket with the cour- 
age and assurance of the older soldiers, partici- 
pating in the battle of Charleston, S. C., and 
serving until the close of the war. He was mus- 
tered out at David Island, N. Y., April 14, 1866. 

The war having opened up vistas of usefulness 
and interest to be found in different parts of the 
world, Mr. Mclnernay undertook a journey of 
eight months in Brazil in a company, and after 
returning to Brooklyn started for Arizona De- 
cember, 1867. Arriving in San Francisco, via 
Panama, he located for a time in San Pedro, and 
then, accompanied by eight others, crossed the 
desert by foot to Colorado, arriving at Fort 
Mohave October 13, 1868. After a short so- 
journ in Louisville, Ky., he returned to San Pe- 
dro, walking a portion of the distance, and going 
the remainder by boat. He was one of the 
passengers on the first through train east over 
the Central & Union Pacific, and remained in the 
east until the fall of the same year, when he 
came to Montana, and up the Missouri river to 
Fort Randall. He later prospected in Montana, 
Idaho and Wyoming, and in December of 1870 
returned to Arizona, going by way of San Fran- 
cisco and San Diego to Yuma, and thence walk- 
ing along the Colorado to Ehrenburg. From 
there he walked to Prescott, Ariz., where he en- 
tered the interior department as commissary 
manager at the Date Creek Indian Reservation, 
and during his time of service the Indians were 
concentrated on the Verde Reservation, which 
was established in 1873. He there remained in 
charge of the Indians until they were removed 
to San Carlos. In December of 1874 he resigned 
and entered the employ of the C. P. Head 
Company, as Indian trader at Camp Verde, 
where he remained for two years, and then turned 
his attention to contracting for the govern- 
ment at Camp Verde. In this capacity he did a 
large freighting business, conveying his sup- 
plies by wagons and ox teams. January I, 1889, 
he was appointed under sheriff of Yavapai 
county, and in 1890 was a candidate on the Re- 
publican ticket for sheriff, and was defeated by 
only nine votes. 

In March of 1891 Mr. Mclnernay was ap- 
pointed superintendent of the territorial peniten- 
tiary at Yuma by Governor Irwin and remained 
in charge of that institution until the change of 

administration April 21, 1893. Since then, 
though interested in many directions, his chief 
responsibility has been the management of the 
Prescott Hotel, which, with the exception of the 
disastrous fire of July, 1900, has known an era of 
uninterrupted prosperity. The new hostelry, 
erected above the ruins of the old, is one of the 
fine hotels of Arizona, and meets with all of the 
requirements of an up-to-date accommodation 
for the traveling public. Much of the patron- 
age is due to the good fellowship, tact, and ex- 
cellent knowledge of human nature and its de- 
mands possessed by mine host, the manager, 
who understands that rarest of all accomplish- 
ments, the gift of putting every one in a good 
humor with himself. 

Since living in Prescott Mr. Mclnernay mar- 
ried Alice Thorne, a native of Clinton county, 
Iowa, daughter of Mahlon Thorne. Her par- 
ents were both natives of the state of New York, 
Mr. Thorne being of English descent, while his 
wife was of German ancestry. Of this union 
there are two children, Bessie and Alice. Mr. 
Mclnernay is a member of the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, the Woodmen of the World 
and the Knights of Pythias. He has never been 
known to swerve from fealty to the Republican 
party, nor from active participation in all its lo- 
cal undertakings. He is one of the popular and 
progressive and valued citizens of Prescott, and 
has won his spurs as a man of unblemished in- 
tegrity and absolute reliability. 


It is doubtful if any man in the territory of 
Arizona is more familiar with conditions as they 
existed in the far west a number of years ago 
than is Mr. Petersen. Of a sturdy, stanch and 
persevering race, he was born in Schleswig- 
Holstein, April 10, 1851. His paternal grand- 
father, Jacob, was a native of the same part of 
Germany and was a miller during the years of 
his activity, being an industrious and prosperous 
man. The parents, Jacob and Frederica (Han- 
sen) Petersen, were natives of Schleswig-Hol- 
stein, and there the father engaged in general 
farming and stock-raising, also for some years 
conducted an hotel business. During the revo- 
lution of 1848 he served with distinction. Of 



his eleven children all but one attained maturity 
and seven are now living, of whom three are in 

The youngest of the family, Charles Petersen, 
\\as reared in his native land and educated in 
public schools. In 1870 he enlisted in the Prus- 
sian army for service in the Franco-Prussian war, 
and after three months crossed the seas to Amer- 
ica, settling in Illinois, where for a year he 
worked on a farm near Dwight. In 1872 he 
was initiated into the great, strange heart of 
the west, by removing to Newton, Kans., which 
was then the terminus of the Santa Fe Railroad. 
There he was engaged in hunting buffalo and 
deer, and realized considerable from the sale 
of the meat and hides. After two years the gov- 
ernment employed him as a scout, and in that 
capacity he served from 1874 until 1877, on the 
trails west of Dodge City, Kans. During this 
time his escapades with the Indians and hair- 
breadth escapes were truly thrilling, but were 
best appreciated when they had passed. His 
service was under General Custer in the south- 
west, and he would have shared the tragic fate 
of that lamented general had not a providential 
circumstance intervened. General Bankhead, 
who assumed for a time Custer's place, ordered 
Mr. Petersen to remain with him, and thus the 
latter escaped the awful massacre at Little Big 
Horn. In 1876 Mr. Petersen was employed by 
Captain Goodnight to assist him in the manage- 
ment of his ranch at the head of Red river in 
the Panhandle country, and in this capacity he 
was employed until 1881. 

Returning to Kansas in 1881, Mr. Petersen 
settled on a ranch in Ellsworth county, where 
he was interested in cattle-raising until 1888. 
However, a succession of three years of drouth, 
with a consequent loss of cattle and crops, caused 
him to dispose of his Kansas interests, after 
which he spent four months in Germany. When 
again in the United States, he engaged in farm- 
ing for a year in Illinois, when, owing to the 
death of his wife, he removed to Chicago. There 
he was employed by an ice company. Subse- 
quently he farmed for a year in Missouri, and in 
November of 1890 settled in Phoenix, Ariz. 
After two years of investigation into the various 
industries there represented, he decided to em- 
bark upon an occupation which represented an 

imperative and ever-increasing demand. In 1892 
he started the brick-yard which has since as- 
sumed large proportions, and which is accounted 
one of the best in Arizona. The plant is at the 
southwest of the city and covers an area of six 
acres, with a bank of fine clay ten feet deep. 
The brick manufactured is mostly of the build- 
ing variety, and the capacity is twenty-four thou- 
sand a day. 

With others, in 1899, Mr. Petersen undertook 
the organization of the Phoenix Building Com- 
pany, of which he is the secretary. Aside from 
his business interests, he is variously identified 
with many of the enterprises and societies of a 
progressive and interesting nature, in which his 
adopted city abounds. Politically he is inter- 
ested in the Democratic party, and has been a 
delegate to several conventions. Fraternally he 
is past noble grand in the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and is also connected with the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen and the 
Woodmen of the World. Active in religious cir- 
cles locally, he is a member of the Lutheran 

In Illinois, Mr. Petersen married Pauline Nes- 
sen, who was born and reared in Germany and 
died in Illinois, leaving one son, Paul. The 
second Mrs. Petersen was formerly Lena Papke, 
born in Germany, and a daughter of Christian 
and Louisa (Stubb) Papke. The family lived 
in the vicinity of Berlin. After the death of 
her husband, Mrs. Papke came to America and 
now makes her home in Phoenix. Of the union 
of Mr. Petersen and Lena Papke there have 
been four children: Robert, Theo, Fred and 


In the last half century the lawyer has been a 
pre-eminent factor in all affairs of private con- 
cern and national importance. He has been 
depended upon to conserve the best and per- 
manent interests of the whole people and is a 
recognized power in all the avenues of life. He 
stands as the protector of the rights and liberties 
of his fellow men and is the representative of a 
profession whose followers, if they would gain 
honor, fame and success, must be men of merit 
and ability. Such a one is Judge Street, now 
chief justice of Arizona. 


He was born in Salem, Ohio, June 8, 1846, a 
son of Samuel and Sarah (Butler) Street, the 
former also a native of Salem, Ohio, the latter 
of Philadelphia, Pa. His early ancestors on both 
sides were of English descent and prominent 
members of the Society of Friends. His 
paternal grandfather, John Street, was born near 
Philadelphia, Pa., and became a pioneer mer- 
chant of Salem, Ohio. He married Miss Ann 
Ogden of New Jersey. The maternal grand- 
father, Benjamin Butler, was also a native of 
New Jersey, and an early settler of Salem, Ohio. 
His wife bore the maiden name of Webster. 
The Judge's father was a farmer by occupation 
and always adhered to the Society of Friends. 
He died in Salem, Ohio, at the age of seventy 
years. Of his seven children the Judge is the 
only one living, and he was fifth in order of 
birth. His brother, Ogden Street, entered the 
Union army during the Civil war as captain of 
Company C, Eleventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 
and was mustered out as colonel of his regi- 
ment. He engaged in the manufacture of iron 
in different parts of Pennsylvania, Virginia and 
Kentucky, and died at Dayton, Ohio. 

During his boyhood and youth Judge Street 
attended the public and high schools of Salem, 
and completed his literary studies at Antioch 
College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. He commenced 
reading law under the direction of Thomas Ken- 
nett, and was admitted to the bar at St. Clairs- 
ville, Ohio, in 1871. For two years he was 
engaged in practice at Letonia, that state, and 
then removed to Pittsburg, Pa., where he 
prosecuted his chosen profession until coming 
to Arizona in November, 1877. He first located 
at Prescott, but soon afterward removed to 
Signal, Mohave county, and later spent one year 
at Tucson. In 1879 ne took up his residence in 
Tombstone, Cochise county, and while there 
served as county judge one term. In January, 
1887, he came to Phoenix, where he was first 
engaged in practice as a member of the firm of 
Goodrich & Street, and later as a member of the 
firm of Street & Frazier, which partnership con- 
tinued until his appointment as chief justice in 
October, 1897. His district comprises the 
counties of Maricopa and Yuma. He is winning 
high commendation by his fair and impartial ad- 
ministration pf justice, and is credited with bein<* 

the most popular official that ever presided over 
the district. 

At Yellow Springs, Ohio, Judge Street mar- 
ried Miss Mary Gilmore, a native of that place 
and a daughter of William and Mary E. Gil- 
more. Her father was a merchant of Yellow 
Springs. Two children were born of this union : 
Lawrence, now deputy district clerk; and Julia, 
wife of J. C. Wickham of Philadelphia, Pa. The 
family is one of prominence in Phoenix. 

The Judge was made a Mason at Salem, Ohio, 
and now holds membership in Arizona Lodge 
No. 2, and Arizona Chapter, R. A. M. He also 
belongs to the Knights of Pythias, the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen and the Maricopa 
Club. Religiously he is an Episcopalian. In 
politics he is a stanch Republican, and he has 
served successively as secretary and chairman 
of the territorial committee. He is also ex- 
president of the Territorial Bar Association. 
His mind is analytical, logical and inductive. 
With a thorough and comprehensive knowl- 
edge of the fundamental principles of law, he 
combines a familiarity with statutory law and 
a sober, clear judgment, which makes him not 
only a formidable adversary in legal combat, but 
has given him the distinction of being one of the 
ablest jurists of the territory. 


During the greater part of his active and suc- 
cessful life, Colonel Price has made a practical 
and scientific study of farming, an appreciation 
of which was instilled into his enthusiastic boy- 
hood days by a father who knew the value and 
utility of the soil, and had found it a sure com- 
pensation for wisely and persistently directed 
effort. Although not one of the earliest coiners 
to the Salt River valley, having arrived in 1891, 
he is yet one of the most enthusiastic, as are 
most who have formerly been dependent upon 
the changeful conditions of the east. 

Of Scotch and English extraction, Colonel 
Price was born in Huntingdon county, Pa v July 
4, 1843, an( l is a son f Daniel and Sophia (Ed- 
wards) Price, also born in Pennsylvania. For- 
tunate in his educational advantages, Joshua E. 
studied in public schools, a normal and a select 



school and qualified as a teacher when already 
quite young. His first aspirations towards self- 
support were along educational lines, and pre- 
vious to the breaking out of the war he taught 
in the schools of his native county for four 
terms. The harmony of an otherwise uneventful 
life terminated in August of 1862, when he en- 
listed in Company F, One Hundred and Twenty- 
Fifth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and 
served in the army of the Potomac for nine 
months. Company F participated in the bat- 
tles of Chancellorsville, South Mountain, Antie- 
tam, and in the last-named battle he was 
wounded in the head. In April of 1863 he 
was discharged from the service, and in Jan- 
uary of 1864 re-enlisted in Battery E, First 
Pennsylvania Light Artillery, which also was at- 
tached to the army of the Potomac. He was 
present at the fall of Richmond, and at the battle 
of Petersburg was wounded in the side and in- 
capacitated for a short time. July 5, 1865, he 
was honorably discharged ,at Philadelphia, Pa., 
having been raised during the second enlistment 
from a private to the rank of second lieutenant 
in the First Pennsylvania Light Artillery, as a 
result of meritorious services during the siege of 

Following the restoration of peace, Mr. Price 
went, in January of 1866, to Hamilton county, 
Ohio, where for a time he again engaged in edu- 
cational work, and subsequently turned his at- 
tention to farming. Beginning with 1873, he 
lived for a time in Doniphan, Brown and Nem- 
aha counties, Kans., and became prominently 
identified with the political and other affairs of 
Kansas. For nine months he served as quarter- 
master-general of the department of the Kansas 
Grand Army of the Republic, under Gen. Ira 
F. Collins, the department commander. Later 
he served as adjutant-general for four months, 
having in both capacities held the rank of colo- 
nel. As mayor of the city of Sabetha, Kans., he 
served for one year, and was for two years a 
member of the city council. 

In Ohio, December 5, 1867, Mr. Price mar- 
ried Alice J. Cosbey, a native of Hamilton 
county, Ohio, and a daughter of David L. and 
Hannah (Lyon) Cosbey. Of this union there 
have been two children: Eleanor, who is the 
wife of Dr. Charles H. Jones, of Tempe, Ariz., 

and Ralph, who is living at home. On his well- 
conducted ranch in the vicinity of Tempe, Colo- 
nel Price is carrying on large agricultural inter- 
ests, and has been gratifyingly successful in his 
chosen occupation. With the peculiar enter- 
prises which are indigenous to Arizona and Cal- 
ifornia, as artificially irrigated centers, he has 
been greatly interested, and helpfully studious, 
and was for five years president of the southern 
branch of the Tempe canal, and for one year a 
director in the Tempe Irrigating Canal Com- 
pany. He is a Republican in politics, and. is a 
member of the John A. Logan Post No. 7, G. A. 
R., at Tempe, and has been commander of the 
post. In the religious world he has wielded an 
extended influence for good, and is connected 
with the First Congregational Church of Tempe, 
in which he was formerly superintendent of the 
Sunday-school for seven years. Of all the dwell- 
ers of the valley none is held in higher esteem 
than Colonel Price, nor are any more appreci- 
ated as friend and large-hearted citizen, and gen- 
eral promoter of the public good.' 


There are few residents of Arizona to whom 
the name of Colonel Hooker is unfamiliar. As 
the owner of Sierra Bonita rancho, near Willcox, 
he stands at the head of the ranchmen and stock- 
breeders of the territory, and it is everywhere 
conceded that no one is more familiar than he 
with the many details connected with the stock 
business. His specialties are beef cattle and 
fine horses, for which he has abundant room on 
his range, twenty-seven miles wide and thirty 
miles long. In former days he lost very heavily 
by reason of droughts, but, having developed 
the water facilities during recent times, droughts 
no longer have the terror for him which they 
once possessed. In cattle he favors the Here- 
fords, which are particularly desirable as range 
cattle, having greater powers of endurance than 
the shorthorn ; while, at the same time, as they 
produce a greater quantity of hind-quarter meat 
than any other breed, butchers are always glad 
to buy them. 

Among his horses Colonel Hooker has many 
possessing especially fine qualities. Among them 
is Valbrino, sired by Stamboul 2:07^, sire of 


thirty-seven performers in the 2:30 list and thir- 
teen in the 2:20 list. When four years old, Stam- 
boul made a record of 2:17^, won in a race at Los 
Angeles. A year later he lowered his time to 
2:144, while the next year it was 2:iif. Colonel 
Hooker is particularly proud of Valbrino, sired 
by Stamboul, and showing many fine points; he 
is also equally proud of Parisee, probably one of 
the best-bred horses in the world ; sired by Palo 
Alto, record 2:08?, against time, to a high- 
wheeled sulky; and another record of 2:20 for a 
sixth heat at four years old, won at Detroit in 
1886. The dam of Parisee was by General Ben- 
ton, who got twenty performers in the 2:30 list, 
four of which trotted below 2:20. The two 
stallions, Valbrino and Parisee, unite in their 
pedigrees not only the best trotting blood of the 
past thirty years, but behind that is the endur- 
ing blood of the thoroughbred, without which no 
horse can hope to last through a severely con- 
tested race of broken heats. 

The Sierra Bonita rancho has had among its 
guests in days gone by men whose names are 
known all over the country, among them Gen. 
Nelson A. Miles, Gen. George Crook, Gen. 
Alexander D. McCook, Gen. O. O. Howard, 
Gen. C. H. Sherman, Whitelaw Reid and many 


All of the members of this particular branch 
of the Brown family have been prominent and 
successful in the different li;ies of occupation 
to which they have been called by inclination 
and ability. To an inherent integrity and high 
moral courage is added a dogged perseverance 
which recognizes no obstacles, and which is the 
birthright of the best and most favored sons of 
Scotland. William T. Browri was born in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, January 14, 1850, and within 
the borders of the Scottish Athens received an 
excellent home training and a substantial edu- 
cation at the grammar school. When sixteen 
years of age he was apprenticed out to a ship- 
building firm at Leith, and diligently applied 
himself to a mastery of the business. 

In the meantime there were other sons of 
William and Janet (Thomson) Brown, who were 
forging .to the front and preparing for future 

activity in the best marts of the world. The 
father was born in Fifeshire, Scotland, and came 
of an old and distinguished Fife and Perthshire 
family. He was a railroad and bridge con- 
tractor in Edinburgh, and eventually died at 
Musselburgh, his seaport home, six miles east 
of Edinburgh. The mother was a native of 
Edinburgh, and to her were born five sons, all of 
whom became a credit to their early teachings, 
and to the communities in which they lived: 
Robert Lewis Maitland started out in the world 
in the wholesale commission and other business 
at Columbia, Ceylon, where he was very suc- 
cessful, and became the possessor of large tea 
estates. He eventually retired to England, where 
he died in 1898. C. Douglas, who is now a part- 
ner of William T. in the hardware and machinery 
business at Prescott, originally went to Aus- 
tralia as a mining engineer, and in 1874 came 
to the United States and accepted a position 
with the Almaden Quicksilver Mining Company. 
In 1878 he came to Prescott and joined his 
brother, going to Scotland in 1896, and to Cey- 
lon in 1898, where he is at the present time 
arranging his late brother's affairs. He has 
served in Yavapai county as under sheriff, and 
was for one term in the territorial legislature. 
Julius A. came to America in 1870, and located 
at San Jose, where he had charge of a foundry, 
and in 1883 came to Prescott, where he en- 
gaged with William T. in the cattle business, in 
which they are still mutually interested. In 
1888 he removed to San Diego, Cal., and be- 
came a member of the firm of George M. Hale 
& Company, and at the present time resides at 
Hemet, Cal. He has been prominent in politics, 
and served in the thirteenth Arizona legisla- 
ture. Marcus J. Brown is an attorney at Edin- 
burgh, Scotland. 

William T. Brown came to America in 1871, 
and located at San Francisco. In 1873 he joined 
the English marine, and sailed the high seas 
between San Francisco, Hong Kong and Yoko- 
hama. In 1877 he came to Prescott and started 
the first foundry in the territory, and success- 
fully conducted the same until the silver mines 
closed down, and there was no longer a demand 
for castings. He then became chief engineer of 
the McCracken mill in Mohave county, which 
position he held for three years, or until he was 




incapacitated by being accidentally shot in the 
foot. In 1881 he made a radical change in occu- 
pation, and in partnership with his brother, J. 
A., went into the cattle business, on a ranch 
which they purchased forty-five miles east of 
Prescott. This ranch, which is known as the 
Agua Fria Vale, is still in the possession of Mr. 
Brown, their cattle brand being Box O. 

In 1890 Mr. Brown returned to Prescott and, 
with his brother, C. Douglas, started the hard- 
ware business of Brown Brothers. The firm 
carries all kinds of mining machinery, engines, 
boilers, etc., and is the largest house of its kind 
in northern Arizona. They represent the Fair- 
banks-Morse Company, manufacturers of gaso- 
lene hoists and engines, and carry a general 
and complete line of hardware. The affairs of 
the concern are carried on in a store which is 
50x150 feet in ground dimensions. Mr. Brown 
is also the possessor of other property in Pres- 

At Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1891, Mr. Brown 
married Isabella Richardson, of Scottish birth 
and education. A Mason of long standing, he 
is a member of Aztlan Lodge, Prescott. With 
his wife, he is a member of the Congregational 


As chief surgeon for the Copper Queen Con- 
solidated Mining Company, and for the com- 
pany's road, the Arizona & Southeastern, Dr. 
Sweet is not only the moving spirit in medical 
and surgical circles in Bisbee, but has as well 
been identified with territorial matters generally 
since coming here in 1890. 

Coming from a genealogical line that helped 
to lay the foundation of the American republic, 
Dr. Sweet was born in Johnston, R. I., February 
10, 1862, and is a son of Lieut. Daniel Sweet, 
who attained to distinction during the Civil war, 
and died at the early age of thirty years. The 
family were first represented in the United 
States by one John Sweet, an Englishman who 
settled at Salem, Mass., about 1630, and re- 
moved to Rhode Island in 1636 with Roger 
Williams. He became conspicuously identified 
with the colonial days of Rhode Island, and was 
virtually the leader of the colony, a position 
which was later filled by his son John. The 

next in direct line was Benjamin Sweet, and 
after him came three Philips, all of whom were 
men of extended influence in their community. 
After Nathaniel Sweet came the parental grand- 
father, Rev. Daniel Sweet, an eloquent and lead- 
ing clergyman in the Baptist church. The 
mother of Dr. Sweet was formerly Ellen Rey- 
nolds, who was born at Providence, R.I., being a 
descendant of the Arnolds and Whitfords, 
prominent and early settlers of Newport, R. I. 

As the only chi'd in the family, Dr. Sweet re- 
ceived the early care and training calculated to 
develop the best traits of his mind and char-' 
acter. He was educated at the public schools 
and at the Silver Lake English and Classical 
College at Providence, R. I. Having decided to 
devote his future efforts to the science of medi- 
cine, he entered the medical department of the 
University of the City of New York, from which 
he was graduated with honors in the class of 
1889. He was then appointed on the house staff 
of the post-graduate hospital, and served in that 
capacity for eighteen months, locating in Bisbee 
in 1890. At first assistant surgeon of the Cop- 
per Queen Mining Company, he became, in 
1891, chief surgeon, and at the present time has 
two assistants and a pharmacist on his staff. He 
is also chief surgeon of the company's hospital 
corps, the hospital being one of the best 
equipped in the territory, and maintained by the 
Copper Queen Mining Company for the benefit 
of its employes. The department of medicine as 
conducted by Dr. Sweet is exceedingly broad in 
its liberality, and is a source of pride not only 
to the people connected with the mine, but to 
the town in general. Dr. Sweet represents the 
highest type of gentleman and physician, and 
adheres to the best tenets of a profession which 
is prolific of opportunity and splendid in result 
when in the hands of such an able and con- 
scientious exponent. 

In 1891 Dr. Sweet married Julia Harkness, 
and of this union there is one child, Philip, 
called after the early-day Philips, whose deeds 
and lives are fondly cherished by the latter-day 
descendants. In national politics Dr. Sweet is 
a stanch Democrat, and has been actively inter- 
ested in the politics of his locality. He has 
served as chairman of the county central com- 
mittee for four years, and was a member of the 



territorial committee for several years. He is a 
member of the Territorial Medical Association. 
Fraternally, he is associated with and past mas- 
ter of Perfect Ashlar Lodge No. 12, F. & A. M.; 
past high priest of Landmark Chapter, R. A. M. : 
and a member of Arizona Commanclery No. i , 
K. T., and of El Zaribah Temple, N. M. S., of 
Phoenix. . 


Thomas A. Pascoe, speculator and promoter 
of some of the most substantial projects for the 
benefit of Globe, was born in Galena, Jo Daviess 
county. 111., in 1846. His parents, William T. 
and Mary C. Pascoe, were born in England, 
and upon arriving in the United States settled in 
Illinois, subsequently removing to California, 
where they lived in Nevada and Yuba counties. 
They were engaged in general farming, and 
eventually died in Yuba county. 

When but six years of age, T. A. Pascoe was 
taken to California by his parents, and there re- 
ceived the education and early training which 
fitted him for the future responsibilities of life. 
Upon starting out in the world to face an inde- 
pendent existence, he came to Arizona and lo- 
cated in Globe in 1 88 1. At that time the now 
famous settlement contained but a few hardy and 
venturesome miners and prospectors, who were 
willing to brave the dangers of life in the immedi- 
ate shadow of the ever upraised Indian toma- 
hawk and the privations and hardships incident 
to life in the early mining camps of the west. 
For four years he was engaged in mining and 
prospecting, and during part of the time was 
under sheriff for his brother, B. F. Pascoe, who 
was sheriff of Gila county from 1882 to 1886. 

In 1886 Mr. Pascoe established the Pascoe 
livery barn, in connection with which was con- 
ducted an extensive hay and grain business, the 
supply being shipped from the Gila river. 
Though very successful in this undertaking, Mr. 
Pascoe disposed of his interests in November 
of 1899, to his brother, the former sheriff of 
Gila county. At the present time Mr. Pascoe is 
interested with C. T. Martin and R. C. Brown 
in erecting the water-works for Globe, which 
will be on as complete and modern a scale as 
are the similar enterprises in larger and older 
towns. They sank a well one and a half 

miles from the town, and turned on the water in 
February, 1901. The reservoir containing the 
mountain spring water holds one hundred 
and forty thousand gallons of water, and the 
pumping capacity is two hundred thousand gal- 
lons every twenty-four hours, large enough for 
a town many times the size of Globe. The whole 
town is benefited by the enterprise and 
arduous labors of the gentlemen concerned in 
thus promoting the interests of their adopted 
settlement, and an important step has been taken 
in the march of progress and general conven- 

Among the various additional interests that 
command the time and attention of Mr. Pascoe 
must be mentioned the farming and stock-rais- 
ing enterprises which are conducted in Gila and 
Graham counties. Near Thatcher, in Graham 
county, is an especially beautiful and complete 
farm, with a fine house, orchard and windmill, 
and all modern and up-to-date improvements 
and labor-saving devices. In politics a Repub- 
lican, Mr. Pascoe has never entertained political 
aspirations, although he is deeply interested in 
the undertakings of his party. While living in 
Hollister, Cal., he was made a Mason, and in 
Globe is a member of the Globe White Moun- 
tain Lodge No. 3. He was married in 1886 to 
Mrs. Elsie Nichols, a native of Scotland. 


The territory of Arizona does not contain a 
more expert gas engine manipulator than is 
found in John A. McDougall, of Morenci. He 
was born in Canada, May 3, 1866, and is a son 
of Roderick and Mary McDougall, both na- 
tives of Canada. He received his early education 
in his northern home, and in addition to a sub- 
stantial home training and a considerable mer- 
cantile experience, served his apprenticeship as 
a master machinist. Thus equipped for the fu- 
ture responsibilities of life, he came, at the age 
of seventeen, to the United States, in the hope 
that the opportunities here afforded would meet 
the requirements of youthful enthusiasm and am- 

Upon arriving in New York Mr. McDougall 
engaged in the gas engine business, and was 
employed by the Korting Gas Engine Company 



until 1890. Next he started an independent 
venture along the same lines, and was success- 
ful in the same until 1899. He was then fortu- 
nate in securing recognition for his ability from 
no less a firm than the Phelps-Dodge Company, 
of New York City, who appointed him gas engi- 
neer of their works in Morenci, known as the 
Detroit Copper Company, and at Nacosari, 
Mexico. This large responsibility Mr. McDou- 
gall has discharged with great credit to himself 
and to all concerned, and his services are valued 
and appreciated by the company to a gratifying 
extent. In the Detroit mine alone there are 
eleven gas engines, and in the Mexican mine ten. 
In 1888 Mr. McDougall married Eva Kitchin, 
who was born in Nova Scotia. To Mr. and Mrs. 
McDougall have been born two children, James, 
who is ten years of age, and Elva, who is three 
years old. Mr. McDougall is fraternally asso- 
ciated with the Masons in Nova Scotia, and 
himself and wife are members of the United 
Presbyterian Church. 


This prominent citizen of Tucson, who is now 
serving as United States Marshal of Arizona, 
has been actively identified with the business in- 
terests and political affairs of this territory since 
1870, and is a recognized leader in the Republi- 
can party. He claims Pennsylvania as the state 
of his birth, being born near Westchester, Ches- 
ter county, April 14, 1839, and is the oldest in a 
family of four children, only two of whom are 
now living. His brother, E. E. Griffith, now a 
manufacturer of New York City, belonged to a 
Pennsylvania regiment in the Civil war and was 
one of General Rosecrans' body guard. Our 
subject's paternal grandfather, Abel Griffith, 
was a native of Wales, a farmer by occupation, 
and a member of the Society of Friends. On 
coming to this country he settled in Chester 
county, Pa., where our subject's father, Thomas 
S. Griffith, was born. The latter was graduated 
from a college in Philadelphia, and as a minister 
of the Baptist Church he afterward preached in 
Westchester and Hepzabaugh, Pa. He died at 
an early age. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Jane Hare, was born in Philadelphia of 
English ancestry, and died in Westchester. 

Our subject was reared in that city and ac- 
quired a good practical education in its public 
and private schools. In 1856 he took Greeley's 
advice to "go West" and went to St. Louis, and 
later to Pilot Knob, Mo. During the Civil war 
he entered the quartermaster's department of 
the Army of the Southwest under command of 
General Steele. He was present at the battles 
of Haines Bluff, Chattanooga and Lookout 
Mountain, the siege of Vicksburg and the At- 
lanta campaign, and was with General Thomas' 
command when in pursuit of Hood, which re- 
sulted in the battles of Franklin and Nashville, 
Tenn. In the fall of 1864 he became ill at 
Huntsville, Ala., and on his recovery entered the 
quartermaster's department at Nashville, under 
Captain Irvin, remaining there until the close of 
the war. During most of his service he was 
master of transportation. 

On the return of peace Mr. Griffith became a 
mail contractor, starting at Fort Smith, Ark. In 
1874 he assisted in establishing the stage and mail 
route between San Diego, Cal., and Fort Worth, 
Tex., becoming manager and later president of 
what was known as the Texas & California 
Stage Company. Their main line was one 
thousand seven hundred miles and required 
twelve hundred horses to operate it. Mr. Grif- 
fith was connected with that enterprise for eight 
years with headquarters first at San Diego, and 
later at Yuma and Tucson, Ariz., locating at the 
last-named place in 1878. In 1881 he sold his 
interest in that company and embarked in the 
cattle business, starting a ranch at Dripping 
Spring, Gila county, one hundred miles from 
Tucson as president and manager of the Drip- 
ping Spring Cattle Company, whose specialty 
was Shorthorn and Hereford cattle. Mr. Griffith 
disposed of his interest in that business in 1896. 
During his residence here he has operated local 
stage lines and engaged in mining. 

In 1870 Mr. Griffith married Miss Dora Flem- 
ing of Macon, Ga. The only son born of that 
union, E. E. Griffith, was educated at the Chris- 
tian Brothers College, St. Louis, Mo., and the 
State Agricultural College in Ft. Collins, Colo., 
and is now engaged in mining at Morenci, Ariz. 
In 1874 Mrs. Griffith died at their residence at 
Fort Smith, Ark. 

The Republican party has always found in Mr. 


Griffith a stanch supporter of its principles. In 
July, 1897, he was appointed by President Mc- 
Kinley as United States marshal of Arizona, 
with headquarters at Tucson. He has since dis- 
charged the duties of that office in a most com- 
mendable and satisfactory manner. Since the 
convention at Minneapolis in 1892 to which he 
was elected a delegate, he has served as a mem- 
ber of the national Republican committee. He 
was also a delegate to St. Louis in 1896, and 
again to Philadelphia in 1900. He is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, a member of the blue 
lodge chapter and commandery of Tucson, and 
El Zaribah Temple, N. M. S.. at Phoenix. He 
is also a member of the Elks Club, and one of 
the leading and influential citizens of Tucson. 


Born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 1873, Mr. 
Hale is a son of Capt. Hiel Hale, a native of 
Columbiana county, Ohio. The family has long 
been represented in America, and the great- 
great-grandfather served his country with 
courage and distinction in the Revolutionary 
war. The grandfather, Nathan S., who subse- 
quently died in Arizona, was a native of Colum- 
biana county, Ohio, and was an industrious tiller 
of the soil during the greater part of his life. 
Captain Hale was a prominent man in whatever 
locality he chanced to live, and after remov- 
ing to Arizona was a participator in the most 
substantial effort for the territory's growth. In 
Ohio he conducted large farming interests, but 
changed his residence to Iowa in 1850. During 
the first three months of the Civil war he served 
in the First Iowa Infantry, and was after that 
captain of Company D, Twelfth Iowa Infantry. 
Upon being captured at Pittsburg he suffered 
the confinement and horrors of Libby prison for 
eight months, and was paroled in 1864. The 
local political affairs of his locality in Iowa were 
materially advanced by his services in several 
important offices, among which was the position 
of sheriff of Linn county, which he held for two 
terms. For six years he was city marshal of 
Cedar Rapids, and for five years was the deputy 
warden of .the Iowa state penitentiary at Fort 
Madison. From the latter position he was forced 
to resign because of ill health, and in search of 

a change of climate and occupation he came to 
Arizona in 1882. At the present time he is en- 
gaged in mining, and resides in the old and his- 
torically interesting town of Tucson. His ability 
was recognized by his fellow townsmen, who 
elected him to the nineteenth general assembly, 
during the sessions of which he served on sev- 
eral important committees, and ably represented 
the interests of Yuma county. He is a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

The mother of O. R. Hale was formerly Sarah 
M. Dawley, who was born in Indiana, and subse- 
quently removed with her parents to Iowa. She 
is the mother of two children, of whom O. R. 
is the younger. Albert Hale is a locomotive 
engineer with the Southern Pacific Railroad. 
The youth of O. R. Hale was an industrious 
one, and at a very early age he faced the prob- 
lem of self-support. When but nine years of 
age he moved with his father to Tucson, and at 
the age of fourteen his education in the public 
schools was interrupted by his apprenticeship in 
the machine shops of the Southern Pacific Rail- 
road. Following the four years spent in the 
shops, he worked as a machinist in different 
eastern cities for a couple of years, and upon 
returning was with the same railroad company 
until his resignation in 1899. At this time he 
built a machine shop on Tenth street, Tucson, 
and, in partnership with Mr. Myrick, conducted 
a well-drilling and general machine plant under 
the firm name of Myrick & Hale. The firm 
are among the large business concerns in the 
city, and are experts in their particular line, 
and particularly efficient deep well drillers. So 
large is the demand for their services that they 
keep two drills in operation the greater part 
of the time. 

In 1898 Mr. Hale was nominated on the Re- 
publican ticket for the legislature, and elected 
by a good majority. He served on the judiciary 
committee and was chairman of the library com- 
mittee, and of several others of equal impor- 
tance. He was instrumental in securing the pas- 
sage of the bill providing the appropriation for 
the University of Arizona, the money to be paid 
in regular yearly installments, and to be used in 
maintaining the highest possible management of 
the institution. He has served also as a member 
of the territorial central committee. Fraternally 



he is associated with the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks, and belongs to the club maintained 
by the order. He is a member of the Interna- 
tional Association of Machinists. 


The development of the Santa Fe, Prescott 
& Phoenix Railroad is in a large measure due 
to the wise judgment and tireless energy of the 
president, F. M. Murphy, whose name has been 
indissolubly associated with the enterprise from 
its inception to the present time. Born in 
Maine, reared in Wisconsin, and identified with 
the history of Arizona since 1878, he unites the 
solid and substantial traits characteristic of New 
Englanders with the progressive spirit that is 
a peculiarly western attribute. During the pe- 
riod of his residence in Arizona, he, with his 
brother, the present governor, has been an influ- 
ential factor in the development of territorial 
resources. His interests have been varied and 
many. As the first superintendent of the Con- 
gress gold mine, he placed its affairs upon a 
profitable basis, and its success was largely due 
to his foresight. At the present time he still 
owns a large part of the mine's stock. Among 
his other interests may be mentioned the Bash- 
ford-Burmister Company, one of the best- 
known mercantile establishments of the south- 
west. As president of the Prescott National 
Bank, he has been instrumental in establishing 
a conservative policy which lias given that insti- 
tution prestige throughout the- entire territory. 

Intimate as has been his identification with 
these and other enterprises, Mr. Murphy is best 
known as president of the Santa Fe, Prescott 
& Phoenix Railroad. At an expenditure of al- 
most $5,000,000, this road was placed in working 
order, and his successful management of this 
enormous responsibility during the well-remem- 
bered panic of 1893 attracted widespread atten- 
tion and gave him a position among the recog- 
nized financial giants of the country. 

The life of Hon. Charles H. Akers, secretary 
of Arizona, has been an eventful one, and rep- 
resents the successful strivings of a man who, 
unaided save by his own nobility of character 

and great perseverance, has known how to con- 
quer obstacles and avail himself of opportuni- 

The ancestors of the Akers family were orig- 
inally loyal subjects of the English crown, and 
their ambition did not extend beyond the bor 
ders of their native island until the latter part 
of the eighteenth century, when the paternal 
great-grandfather, Peter Akers (or Acres, as the 
name was then spelled), emigrated to America, 
landing at New Castle, Del., in the year 1780. 
On this ocean voyage, William Akers, the 
grandfather of Hon. Charles H., was born. 
Shortly after settling in this country the great- 
grandfather, Peter, died, and his widow subse- 
quently married Joshua Lee, and henceforward 
made her home in Pennsylvania. William Akers 
married Nancy Holmes in 1807, and settled on a 
farm near the present site of the village of Xew 
Athens, Harrison county, Ohio. In 1822 he 
removed to Richland county, Ohio, and located 
four miles north of the town of Mansfield. At 
the time of this removal there were eight chil- 
dren in the family, the youngest being but one 
year old. John Holmes, the father of Hon. C. 
H. Akers, was then ten years of age, and drove 
one of the teams to the Richland county home. 
In 1834 the family left Richland county and re- 
turned to their former home in Harrison county 
in the vicinity of Athens. The children born to 
William and Nancy Akers were : Elizabeth, 
John H., Mary, Abraham H., Margaret, Wil- 
liam, Rebecca, Susan, Eli D., and Thomas R. 

John H. Akers, M. D., was the oldest son in 
his father's family, and was born in Harrison 
county, Ohio, in 1812. His early life was that of 
the average farm-reared youth, and in 1836 he 
married Nancy Rankin, who died in 1845. He 
was a man of marked ability, and his achieve- 
ments in later life more than realized the prom- 
ise of his youth. During the greater part of his 
active career he was a prominent physician and 
surgeon, having graduated from an eastern med- 
ical college. He first practiced in Ohio, and 
later settled in Millersburg, Iowa, where he was 
not only a practicing physician but also a prom- 
inent citizen. The most active part of his life 
was spent in Kansas, to which he moved in 
1859, settling in Shawnee, Johnson county. 
During the latter part of the Civil war he served 



for a time as government surgeon at Leaven- 
worth, and was surgeon after the battle of West- 
port, Mo. In tender solicitude for the wounded 
in this battle, his wife walked the distance from 
Shawnee to Westport, and dressed the wounds 
and alleviated the sufferings of those who had 
been injured in the cause. 

Aside from his ability as a healer of men, Dr. 
Akers was an eloquent speaker, and exercised 
his gift -in advocating the principles of the Re- 
publican party and in the cause of abolition. 
He was a devoted member of the Methodist 
church, and convincingly preached the gospel of 
kindliness and good will as occasion offered. 
One of his best remembered efforts as a public 
speaker was at the first meeting for securing the 
Terminal Railroad for Kansas City. Up to the 
time of his death in March of 1881, at the 
age of seventy-two years, he was vitally inter- 
ested in the prosperity and development of Kan- 
sas, and was regarded as one of the brightest 
lights in the medical profession in the state. 
He was twice married, and of his union with 
Nancy Rankin there were four children : Eliza- 
beth, Christine (deceased), Nancy J., and Ma- 
tilda. Dr. Akers married for his second wife 
Almarine Harbaugh, who was born in Trenton, 
Tuscarawas county, Ohio, being the daughter of 
Benjamin Harbaugh, of Maryland. Benjamin 
Harbaugh was a cabinet maker by trade, and 
an early settler in Trenton, Ohio. He served 
in the war of 1812, and married Judith Knaus, 
a native of Pennsylvania, and a daughter of 
Lewis Knaus, representative of an old Pennsyl- 
vania family. Mrs Akers, who is now living 
in Prescott, Ariz., is the mother of four children. 
Of these John B., met a tragic death while su- 
perintendent of a sawmill near Prescott, No- 
vember 19, 1887. When fifteen years of age he 
enlisted in the Civil war in the Sixteenth Kan- 
sas Regiment, and was slightly wounded at the 
battle of Westport. In 1865 he started for the 
far west with ox-teams and wagons and spent 
two years on the government trail, subsequently 
settling in Prescott, where he lived until his 
death. The other members of the family are : 
Josephine, who is now the wife of K. L. Mills, 
of Kansas City, Mo. ; Charles H., and J. W., 
who came to Arizona in 1882, and is now post- 
master at Prescott. 

Charles H. Akers was born in Millersburg, 
Iowa, September 21, 1857, and until his four- 
teenth year was reared in Shawnee, Kans., and 
educated in the public schools. At fifteen he 
started out to face the bread winning and re- 
sponsible side of life, accompanied only by the 
splendid enthusiasm of youth, and a firm deter- 
mination to succeed. For three months he 
worked in a brick yard, and then obtained em- 
ployment with Banning & Gallup, a large rail- 
road and ditch contracting concern, whose 
mules and horses he herded at night for two 
and a half years. Upon returning to Shawnee, 
Kans., he attended school during the winter, 
and in the spring of 1875 went to Creston, Iowa, 
and was in the employ of Thomas Hall in the 
stock business for one year. He later assumed 
charge of the engine-house in Creston, and had 
the training of the first team used in the house 
which eventually became the prize team in the 
state. In 1879 the mining boom of Leadville 
stimulated him to a journey westward, and for 
a year he prospected with ups and downs in the 
mining regions around Leadville. An unex- 
pected drawback presented itself in 1880 when 
he was taken with pneumonia, and his recovery 
was equally on the unexpected order. In the 
meantime his father had died. 

In December of 1880, Mr. Akers started for 
Arizona, journeying by rail to Albuquerque, and 
thence by horseback to Prescott. His first 
employment in the territory was in a sawmill, 
working for his brother John in the Curtis mill. 
After six month's he engaged in mining, and in 
1882 struck some good luck, and from then on 
looked at life through more ambitious glasses. 
For two and a half years he was subsequently 
employed in a sutler's store, owned and man- 
aged by C. P. Head & Co., at Camp Verde, 
but was again overtaken by the mining fever in 
January of 1885, and prospected and mined at 
the Tip Top mines for two years This proved 
an unsuccessful venture, and in hopes of im- 
proving his future prospects Mr. Akers came 
to Phoenix and entered the employ of the Mari- 
copa & Phoenix & Salt River Valley Railroad 
Company, under Mr. Porter. In the spring of 
1888 he became a bookkeeper for James Dough- 
erty, a general merchant in Prescott, and in Sep- 
tember, of the same year, was nominated county 


recorder of Yavapai county on the Republican 
ticket, and elected the first Republican recorder 
of the county, and the third Republican to hold 
any office in the county. The popularity of Mr. 
Akers may be estimated when it is known that 
in a strong Democratic community he received 
one hundred and sixty majority. In 1890 he 
was re-elected by a majority of six hundred, and 
served for two terms. In the fall of 1892 Mr. 
Akers was nominated sheriff of Yavapai county, 
but was beaten in the election. He served as 
recorder until 1892, and in 1893 was appointed 
clerk of the board of supervisors, which position 
he held until December 31, 1896. From Sep- 
tember 1894 until 1896 he served as chairman 
of the Republican County Central Committee, 
having been elected in 1894 by a unanimous 
vote. In that election, out of thirteen candi- 
dates, nine were elected in the county. Since 
that time Yavapai county has not elected a 
member of the Republican party to office. 

In 1896 Mr. Akers was elected a delegate 
to the Republican convention at St. Louis. Six 
of the delegates were from the start in favor of 
the nomination of Mr. McKinley. To the ad- 
mirable services of Mr. Akers in this regard is 
undoubtedly due his later appointment as sec- 
retary of Arizona. In January of 1897. he 
opened an abstract office in Prescott, and 
May 19, of the same year, was appointed secre- 
tary of Arizona by President McKinley. July 
i, 1897, he assumed the duties of his responsible 
position, and a few days later, upon the removal 
of Governor Franklin, he became acting gover- 
nor until Governor McCord was sworn in. It 
is doubtful if any man in the territory could 
invest this position of trust with greater satis- 
faction or dignity, or with greater credit to him- 
self and the wonderful territory which he repre- 
sents. Mr. Akers was further honored by the 
people of the territory in 1900, by being unani- 
mously elected chairman of the Republican dele- 
gation to the Philadelphia National Convention, 
and was appointed a member of the committee 
on platforms and resolutions. 

In addition to the numerous political respon- 
sibilities to which Mr. Akers seems by nature 
and adaptability heir, he is interested fraternally 
and socially in many of the organizations of the 
city of Phoenix. He is a member of the Benev- 

olent Protective Order of Elks, the Woodmen of 
the World, the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, the Knights of Pythias, of which he is Past 
Chancellor and member of the Grand Lodge, 
and the Moderns and Masonic order. He is 
a member of the Maricopa Club, and attends the 
Episcopal church, of which his wife is a member. 
April lo, 1889, Mr. Akers was united in mar- 
riage with Emily Philpot, who was born in Salis- 
bury, Mo., and was a niece of John C. Herndon, 
of Prescott. Mrs. Akers died on her wedding 
journey while in Kansas City, Mo., May 26, 
1889. Mr. Akers was married December i, 
1891, in Phoenix, to Jennie Bryan, a native of 
New York state, and a graduate of Mills Semi- 
nary. Of this union there are three children : 
Bryan, John Kelsey, and Henry Harlow. 


Though at present a farmer in the vicinity of 
Solomonville, Mr. Judia is possessed of many at- 
tainments, having at different times during his 
life engaged in his trade of carpenter, builder 
and painter, and also worked as an engineer, 
miller, miner, barber, and has been an all-around 
utility man. A native of Tennessee, he was born 
in Giles county in 1850, and is a son of Henry 
and Nancy E. (Clark) Judia. Henry Judia was 
born and reared in Clark county, Ky., and event- 
ually became a very early settler in Tennessee, 
where he died in 1856. The mother died in 1899. 
John F. Judia left the familiar surroundings of 
his youth in 1872, being well equipped for the 
battle of life with a good common school educa- 
tion and the trade of carpenter and builder. In 
Colorado he worked at his trade for a year, and 
then returned to Tennessee, where he was simi- 
larly engaged until the fall of 1875. A later ven- 
ture was at Fort Worth, Tex., from where he 
removed to Weatherford, of the same state, and 
was there engaged in farming for about six years, 
with a moderate degree of success. 

In 1881 Mr. Judia spent a short time at El 
Paso, and from there went to Oregon City, N. 
M., where he became interested in mining, 
and continued the same for three years. He 
also visited Georgetown, N. M., and eventually 
returned to his occupation of building and con- 

6 4 


trading. For a time also he worked in a stamp 
mill, and then went to Deming, N. M., and 
worked at carpentering and building for about a 
year. Upon returning to El Paso he was one 
of the carpenters who built the big smelter at 
that place, and he subsequently engineered one 
of the furnaces for three months. 

When he first came to Arizona Mr. Judia lo- 
cated in Bisbee, and after engaging in building 
for about ten months, continued the same in 
Clifton for a short time. He then settled in the 
Gila valley and worked at his trade for a couple 
of years, and also dipped into other occupations 
that happened to be at hand. In the mean time 
he had become favorably impressed with the 
conditions existing in the Solomonville valley, 
and homesteaded his farm of ninety acres with 
every hope of success. The land is just east 
of the town of Solomonville, south of the main 
road and one mile to the center of the village. 
The owner thereof sold to the mill company 
the site for their mill and now the mill water 
power runs along the south line of his farm to 
the foothills then north along the west line to the 
mill. This supplies plenty of water for irriga- 
tion and has enabled him to place fifty-five acres 
under cultivation. The farm has improvements 
and modern up-to-date devices which render it 
one of the best in the valley and it is favored 
with a fine and comfortable rural residence, 
fences, good out buildings, and cooled in the 
heat of summer by the shade from many trees. 
Mr. Judia farms on scientific lines, and keeps 
in touch with the improvements and methods 
adopted in older and more settled localities of 
the country. 

The marriage of Mr. Judia and Susan Porter 
occurred in 1869. Mrs. Judia was a daughter 
of George W. Porter, of Giles county, Tenn., 
and died in 1875. To this couple were born two 
children: Henry, who is in Texas, and Mrs. 
Ida Cooper, of the vicinity of Deming, N. M. 
A second marriage was contracted by Mr. Judia 
in 1881 with Mrs. Theodocia Pollard Johnson. 
Four children are the result of this union, viz.: 
Bert, Lillie, Earnest and Earl. The children 
are living at home, and all are attending the 
Solomonville high school. In politics Mr. Judia 
is a Democrat, but is not desirous of holding 

office. Fraternally he is associated with the 
Knights of Pythias, and is vice-chancellor and a 
charter member of the Solomonville Lodge. 
Himself and family are members of the Cath- 
olic Church. 


One of the '"forty-niners" who were the fore- 
runners of civilization and wonderful prosperity 
on the Pacific coast, Robert Nash is entitled to 
a place on its roll of honor. Moreover, he was 
one of the first permanent white settlers in the 
Gila valley, and for more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury has resided within the borders of Arizona, 
actively connected with its development and use- 
ful enterprises. 

The parents of the above-named respected cit- 
izen of Graham county were James and Mary 
(Scott) Nash, natives of Kentucky, who took 
up their abode in Indiana in its early days as a 
state. The father departed this life in 1852, 
and after surviving him many years the mother 
passed to her reward, aged about eighty-two. 
In 1849, accompanied by their children, they 
crossed the great western plains to California, 
and suffered the privations of frontier life. 

Robert Nash was born in Marshall county, 
Ind., in 1835, and thus was in his fifteenth 
year when he made the long trip to the western 
slope. For a score of years he was occupied in 
placer mining in California, and it was not until 
1875 that he left that state to try his fortunes in 
Arizona. Locating near Prescott, he farmed 
and freighted for some five years, and then, hav- 
ing heard of the natural superiority of the Gila 
river bottom lands, he came to this vicinity. 
The county seat was then at Safford, very few 
white families lived in the valley, and only three 
white men resided at Solomonville. Renting a 
tract of land for five years, Mr. Nash then pur- 
chased a quarter section of the rich bottom 
lands- which is more highly productive, un- 
doubtedly, than any other region in this repub- 
lic. Good improvements have been instituted 
here by the energetic owner and today the 
homestead is considered a model one. A sub- 
stantial and convenient brick house, a thrifty 
orchard, well-made fences and other features add 



to the value of the farm and speak volumes for 
the enterprise of the owner. He keeps a small 
herd of high-grade cattle, but devotes his chief 
attention to agriculture. As a public-spirited 
citizen he has striven to perform his due share 
in the affairs of his community and has served 
as a road overseer and school trustee. In na- 
tional elections he uses his ballot in favor of 
Republican measures. A man of strictly tem- 
perate habits and noted for his sterling integrity 
and industry, he enjoys the sincere respect of 
all who know him. 

June n, 1864, Mr. Nash married Miss Mary 
Ann Orry, of California, a native of New York 
state, who passed through Arizona on her way 
to California with her parents in 1859. They 
have reason to be proud of their five manly sons, 
namely: John F., a professor at Thatcher (Ariz.) 
College; James E., who is operating a farm 
which adjoins that owned by his father; Henry 
R., who farms and rents an entire section of 
land, this tract also being adjacent to the old 
homestead; George H v likewise engaged in ag- 
ricultural pursuits; and Robert L., "who lives at 
home and assists in the management of the place. 
Mary A. and Minnie H., the daughters, reside 
with their parents. 


Honored and respected by all, there is no man 
in Arizona who occupies a more enviable posi- 
tion in commercial and financial circles than 
Samuel Hughes of Tucson, not alone on account 
of the brilliant success he has achieved, but also 
on account of the honorable, straightforward 
business policy he has ever followed. 

A native of Wales, 'he was born in Pembrook- 
shire, August 28, 1829, a son of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Edwards) Hughes, natives of the same 
place and representatives of old Welsh families. 
Our subject traces his ancestry back to the an- 
cient Britons. His paternal grandfather and 
great-grandfather both bore the name of Samuel, 
and were the owners of a large estate in Wales. 
In 1837, the father, accompanied by his family, 
came to the new world and shortly after his ar- 
rival settled on the Schuylkill river near Mana- 
yunk, Pa., where he engaged in dairying for two 

years. About 1840 he removed to a farm a mile 
and a half from Allegheny City, that state, where 
the mother died in 1843. Soon afterward the 
father was seriously injured and rendered a 
cripple for the remainder of his life. He died at 
the age of over seventy years. In the family 
were ten children, namely : John and Margaret, 
both of whom died in Pennsylvania; Samuel, our 
subject ; David, a prominent man of New Or- 
leans, La., where his death occurred ; Mrs. Sally 
Taylor and Lizzie, both residents of DeSoto, 
Kans. ; William, who was a member of a Kansas 
regiment in the Civil war and is now a resident 
of Lawrence, that state ; Lewis C., ex-governor 
of Arizona, who was a member of a Pennsylva- 
nia regiment in the Civil war and is now editor 
of the Star of Tucson ; Thomas, also a resident 
of Tucson, who entered the service as a drum- 
mer boy of a Kansas regiment and when mus- 
tered out was serving as colonel ; and Annie, 
who makes her home in Tucson. 

Samuel Hughes was about eight years of age 
when he came with his parents to this country, 
the family taking passage at Liverpool on the 
North Star, a sailing vessel, which dropped an- 
chor in the harbor of Philadelphia after a voy- 
age of sixty days. At an early age our subject 
was obliged to begin the battle of life for him- 
self and consequently had no educational ad- 
vantages. His first work was on a farm. In 
1844 the family removed to Allegheny City, Pa., 
where the children were under the guardian- 
ship of Gen. William Robinson. By the death 
of his oldest brother the responsibility of caring 
for the family devolved upon our subject. He 
found employment as driver of a canal boat 
mounted on trucks, his route being over the Al- 
legheny mountains, and for this work he re- 
ceived only $6 per month. As this was'the first 
money he had ever earned he took a just pride 
in its possession. On his return from a trip 
General Robinson expressed a desire to have 
him attend school, but this he would not ac- 
cede to unless proper provision was made for 
the support of the remainder of the children, 
then eight in number, he agreeing to take care 
of himself if such arrangements could be made. 
As nothing could be done, he and his brother 
William secured employment in the spinning 
department of Blackstock's cotton factory. 



where 'he received $1.25 and William seventy- 
five cents per week, while their combined ex- 
penditures amounted to $1.75 for board and ten 
cents for washing per week. It was thus amid 
trying difficulties that Mr. Hughes started out 
upon his business career. The diligence with 
which he applied himself to 'his tasks soon at- 
tracted the attention of the proprietor, Mr. 
Blackstock, who induced him to enter the de- 
partment of the factory devoted to blacksmith- 
ing, where he soon familiarized himself with the 
details of that trade. During his earlv connec- 
tion with the factory he had one sad experience. 
A belt had been cut and he was accused of do- 
ing it and accordingly dismissed, but a girl in an 
adjoining factory knowing that he was falsely 
accused acknowledged that several girls in 'her 
establishment had cut it for mischief, thus ex- 
onerating the lad. An offer of $40 reward had 
been made to any one who would bring for- 
ward the culprit, but she refused the reward. 
Many years after this, in 1880, while visiting the 
old place, Mr. Hughes found this woman in des- 
titute circumstances, and paid her the $40 with 
interest, which then amounted to $460, so that 
virtue at length had its reward. 

During a strike in the factory in 1846, Mr. 
Hughes was thrown out of employment, but 
with characteristic energy he soon found a posi- 
tion in a confectionery and bakery establishment 
where he remained until the end of the strike, 
when he resumed work in the machine shop of 
Mr. Blackstock's factory, where he was em- 
ployed for some time. In 1848 he went as cabin 
boy on a steamboat at $15 per month, and the 
following year (1849) made his first trip to New 
Orleans. While returning from there to Cin- 
cinnati on his second trip cholera carried off 
forty-seven of the deck passengers. He con- 
tinued steamboating until 1850, when he con- 
ceived a desire to try his fortunes in the gold 
fields of California, of which he had heard such 
glowing accounts. Accordingly on the loth of 
April, 1850, he started from St. Joseph, Mo., 
with a train of sixty-six wagons. In payment 
for his trip across the plains and mountain, Mr. 
Hughes contributed his services as a cook, an 
art he had acquired during his steamboat career. 
Soon after starting the train was divided into 
three equal parts, and the section to which he 

was allotted required that he should walk in- 
stead of ride, which was quite a different ex- 
perience to one who had recently been riding on 
palatial steamboats. From St. Joseph the train 
proceeded to Fort Kearney, crossed the Platte, 
Sweetwater and Green rivers, and finally 
reached Humboldt. Thus far they had trav- 
ersed what was known as the Kit Carson route, 
but believing they could make better time they 
decided on another. Losing their way they had 
to return to the original route and thus wasted 
ten days following the Humboldt route. They 
arrived in Hangtown, (now Placerville) Cal., on 
the loth of June. When within sixty miles of 
that place Mr. Hughes met a man who offered 
him a half ounce of gold per day for his labor, 
and accepting this proposition he remained at 
Hangtown until the following October. He 
spent the winter at Sacramento, and in the 
spring of 1851 went to Yreka, in Siskiyou 
county, for the purpose of opening a restau- 
rant, remaining there until the spring of 1852, 
when he crossed the Siskiyou mountains to 
the Rogue River valley in Oregon, and was 
one of the first to discover Rich Gulch 
at Jacksonville. While many of the miners 
were troubled by Indian depredations, Mr. 
Hughes experienced none, his treatment of 
them being kind and fair, and he was held in 
high esteem by them, often acting as medi- 
ator between the white and red men. On his 
return to Yreka he opened a hotel in the fall of 
1852, but in the spring of 1853 was called upon 
to participate in another raid upon the Indians 
at Evans creek, called the Rogue River war. 
In the fall of 1853 he purchased the Mountain 
House (now called Cole Station), at the foot of 
the Siskiyou mountains on the California side, 
on the Southern Pacific Railroad, and kept the 
stage station for the California & Oregon stage 
line, remaining there until 1856, when he re- 
turned to the Shasta valley, and soon thereafter 
became interested in the stock business. 

Owing to ill health Mr. Hughes was com- 
pelled to seek a more congenial climate, and de- 
cided to come to Arizona. On the ist of Janu- 
ary, 1858, he left Yreka, and went to San Fran- 
cisco, and from there to Los Angeles, where he 
purchased mules and horses, which he drove 
over the mountains, arriving in Tucson in 



March. The admirable climate of this locality 
soon built up his shattered health, while the 
kindness and liberality of its citizens persuaded 
him to make this his permanent place of resi- 
dence. Specimens of ore brought in by pros- 
pectors led him to the belief that there were 
valuable deposits of precious metal within the 
territory and he soon embarked in prospecting 
and kindred pursuits, which he has continued up 
to the present time with marked success. He 
has also been imlentified with other enterprises, 
and for years was generally known as the ''Tuc- 
son butcher," the appellation being acquired 
from his extensive meat market which he oper- 
ated with his usual success. He has also en- 
gaged in merchandising, and has done an exten- 
sive business as a contractor, both for the gov- 
ernment and private parties. He organized the 
first bank of Tucson ; later became president of 
the Santa Cruz bank ; and has been interested 
in a number of other financial institutions, hav- 
ing been a director of several banks. 

Mr. Hughes was married in Tucson to Miss 
Atanacia Santa Cruz, who was born here in 
1850, and is a daughter of Juan and Manuella 
(Borquez) Santa Cruz, also natives of Arizona 
and representatives of two of its oldest families. 
Her father served as a soldier in the Spanish, 
Mexican and Indian wars, and both he and his 
wife died in this territory. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hughes have a family of ten children, namely : 
Elizabeth, wife of J. Knox Corbett of Tucson ; 
Margaret Frances, wife of Frank Treat of the 
same place ; Steven Samuel, one of the proprie- 
tors of the Orndorff Hotel ; David Louis, ranch 
superintendent for Mrs. Stevens ; Thomas Elias, 
who died in Tucson ; Petra Emma, wife of 
Frank Landon, a resident of San Francisco; Jes- 
sie was educated at Belmont College, Nash- 
ville. Tenn., where she had special training in 
vocal and instrumental music and carried off 
the honors in both in the class of 1900, having a 
fine mezzo soprano voice with great volume 
and sweetness of tone ; Atanacia, wife of Clar- 
ence Barnhart, of Willcox, Ariz.; Farrell Saf- 
ford, and Mary, a student at St. Joseph's Acade- 
my, Tucson. 

Up to and during the Civil war Mr. Hughes 
was the best known man in the territory. His 
enterprise, liberality and humanitarianism were 

proverbial, and many were indebted to him for 
the 'homes they lived in as well as the food 
which kept soul and body together. He has 
always been a friend to the poor and needy. 
Originally he was a Whig in politics, and a per- 
sonal friend of Henry Clay, for whom he had 
the greatest admiration. On the dissolution of 
that party 'he joined the Republican ranks, and 
was a strong supporter of the Union during the 
dark days of the rebellion, for which he was 
often threatened with death and the confiscation 
of his property, but he never swerved in his al- 
legiance of what he believed to be right. Dur- 
ing his long experience in the west he has met 
with many adventures, in which more than once 
he escaped with his life only by his shrewdness 
and bravery. Public-spirited and enterprising 
he has taken an active interest in the develop- 
ment and upbuilding of his adopted territory, 
and has done all in his power to advance its wel- 
fare. He assisted in organizing the city of Tuc- 
son, and was one of its first aldermen, in which 
office he served for seven years, but refused the 
mayorship. He was adjutant-general of Arizona 
six and a half years, and also served as territorial 
and county treasurer, but when elected to the 
legislature refused to qualify. He has never 
sought political honors, preferring to give his 
undivided attention to his extensive business in- 
terests, leaving the offices to those who care 
more for such positions. He has always taken a 
commendable interest in educational affairs, and 
is untiring in his efforts to advance the schools 
of this territory. 

Fraternally Mr. Hughes is a thirty-second-de- 
gree Mason, and is also connected with other 
benevolent and popular organizations. He was 
one of the organizers of the Arizona Piotieer 
Society, of which he was president and director 
until he finally handed in his resignation. In 
promoting the growth and prosperity of the 
county along many different lines he has been 
foremost. He is a man to whom the most envious 
can scarcely grudge success, so well has he 
earned it, and so admirably does he use it. He 
is kind, unaffected and approachable, and is 
always ready to aid and relieve suffering and 
distress. His career seems almost phenomenal, 
yet his success has been by no means the result 
of fortunate circumstances. It has come to him 


through energy, labor and perseverance, 
directed by an evenly balanced mind and by 
honorable business principles. He has proved 
himself in all the relations of life an earnest, 
honest and upright man, and a citizen of whom 
any community might be justly proud. 


As a business man of unblemished integrity, 
as a promoter whose wisely conservative policy 
has tempered ultra-enthusiastic projects insepara- 
ble from the development of all rapid wealth- 
producing centers, and as a legislator whose 
every undertaking has been compatible with the 
highest political honor, Mr. Hunt represents the 
kind of commercial and social life which consti- 
tutes the desired Mecca of the first citizens of 
the land. 

Through the chance of possessing a rare busi- 
ness mind, coupled with great energy, he has be- 
come identified with one of the most interesting 
as well as one of the earliest pioneer enterprises 
of southern Arizona, namely, The Old Dominion 
Commercial Company. This organization, of 
which Mr. Hunt is now the president, was 
founded by Alonzo Bailey in 1877, and has since 
known an uninterrupted season of prosperity. 
Long before the whistle of the iron horse was 
known in this part of the world, the company 
was a source of supply to prospectors and mi- 
ners for a radius of hundreds of miles. Every- 
thing included in the term general merchandise 
is carried in stock, and one may purchase all 
that intervenes between a spool of thread and a 
lumber wagon. The firm carries a stock of 
about $50,000, and does an enormous monthly 
business. In connection there is conducted a 
large banking business, which is a wonderful 
accommodation to the people of the town, and 
which does a large exchange business as well 
as handling local deposits to the extent of at 
least $50,000. This many-sided enterprise neces- 
sitates the employment of many people, for 
things are received in carloads, and numerous 
warehouses are required for their reception and 
housing, and numerous hands for their subse- 
quent distribution. 

From the position of clerk with the Old Do- 

minion Commercial Company in 1890, Mr. Hunt 
so masterfully acquired a knowledge of every 
detail of the business that in 1896 he became a 
partner in the concern, and in 1900 was elevated 
to the position of president. Nor are his inter- 
ests confined to this responsibility, for he owns 
mining claims which promise good returns, and 
a valuable ranch on the Salt river banks in Gila 
county. It may also be truthfully said that in 
no undertaking for the best advancement of this 
great mining center has the co-operation and 
assistance of Mr. Hunt been wanting, for he 
is thoroughly in touch with all that tends to 
introduce the most desirable methods of com- 
mercial and municipal well-being. 

As a stanch adherent of the Democratic party, 
Mr. Hunt has been a guiding influence in Gila 
county, and was a member of the territorial leg- 
islature during the eighteenth and nineteenth 
assemblies, and of the nineteenth and twentieth 
councils. When the town was incorporated in 
1900 he was elected the first mayor, and he was 
also county treasurer for part of a term. From 
1894 until 1898, through the administrations of 
Hughes, Franklin, McCord and Murphy, he 
served as emigration commissioner. He was a 
delegate to the Kansas City convention in 1900, 
and has otherwise been identified with local and 
territorial .political affairs. Fraternally Mr. 
Hunt is associated with the Blue Lodge of 
Masons in Globe and the Knights Templar, is 
a member of the Odd Fellows and a charter mem- 
ber of Globe Lodge, P. G. He is a member of 
the Virginia Historical Society, and of the Soci- 
ety of Sons of the American Revolution. 

The early life of Mr. Hunt was centered in 
Huntsville, Randolph county. Mo., a town inter- 
estingly reminiscent of the early struggles and 
rugged pioneership of the paternal grandfather, 
who laid out the site long before Missouri had 
been raised to the dignity of a state. The very 
early members of the family were identified with 
some of the landmarks in the country's growth, 
and the great-great-grandfather was a soldier 
in the Revolutionary war. G. W. P. Hunt was 
born in 1859, and was reared and educated near 
the town of Huntsville. When nineteen years 
of age he departed from the old familiar sur- 
roundings and faced an independence whose 
buoyant possibilities and hopes have been some- 

(TOt?*- e-*-<-c/ 



what realized. For three years he prospected 
and investigated the conditions in Colorado, 
New Mexico and Old Mexico, and in July of 
1881 came to Arizona, locating in Globe the 
following October. For a while he worked in 
the mines, and was then in the cattle business 
for about eight years, and in 1890 became identi- 
fied with the general merchandise business. Mr. 
Hunt is a cousin of Governor Richard Yates, of 


The splendid development of Arizona during 
the last few years, which followed in the wake 
of the uncertain pioneer days so fraught with 
danger and adventure to the hardy dwellers 
within the Indian-infested region, the hardships 
and vicissitudes which accompanied those who 
had the courage and faith to foresee the un- 
limited possibilities awaiting the stout of heart 
are embodied in the life and ambitious schemes 
for advancement of Louis Zeckendorf, the mer- 
chant prince of Arizona. To those who in the 
dawn of the awakening civilization anticipated 
the every-day and practical needs of the wealth 
seekers, no less than to the miners who wrested 
from mother earth her jealously guarded treas- 
ure, is due the introduction of prosperity, law, 
and order in this seat of the oldest civilization in 
the new world. 

In the estimation of all who know him Mr. 
Zeckendorf represents the most advanced type 
of twentieth-century commercialism. The force 
of character which has withstood the test of loss 
and discouragement, and the conservatism 
which has proceeded cautiously along the high- 
way of finance is undoubtedly largely due to 
those traits of character which insure success 
to so many of Teutonic birth and training. A 
native of the kingdom of Hanover, Germany, he 
was born April 6, 1838, and received his educa- 
tion in Hamelin, renowned in rhyme and story 
as the home of the rat-catcher. This distin- 
guished destroyer of all the rodents in the town, 
in revenge for not receiving the requisite re- 
ward for his services, exercised his art as a 
flutist to draw all of the rising generation from 
the town. And so he has been handed down 
for centuries in pictorial art and merry verse, 

a lank, tall member of the genus homo, blythely 
dancing along to the sound of his magic in- 
strument, followed by scores of admiring and 
heedless children. 

With his education and training Mr. Zecken- 
dorf imbibed an ambition which extended be- 
yond his native land, and which found vent in 
1854, when he boarded a sailing vessel bound for 
the shores of America. After a wearisome 
journey he landed in New York, going almost 
immediately to Santa Fe, N. M., the journey 
from Kansas City being taken by means of ox- 
teams and wagons. Arriving in the Mexican 
city, though a stranger in a strange land, he was 
not entirely alone, for a brother, Aaron, had for 
some time been conducting a small general mer- 
chandise store, and he soon became a partner in 
the then unimportant enterprise. In 1856 he 
entered upon an independent venture and 
started a branch at Albuquerque, N. M., both 
stores doing a good business until the breaking 
out of the Civil war, and the consequent de- 
pression in general trade. Their business was 
especially unfortunate owing to the defeat by 
the Southern of the Northern troops and their 
occupation of New Mexico, which entailed 
heavy taxation upon the Union merchants. The 
situation was intensified by the fact that the 
younger brother, William, was an officer in the 
Union army. After the Southern troops were 
driven out of New Mexico the firm again gath- 
ered together its patrons and business, and en- 
joyed an era of success until 1865, when there 
were other severe losses occasioned by the de- 
cline in merchandise on account of the goods 
being snowed under in the Raton mountains. 

In 1866 Mr. Zeckendorf took to Tucson a 
$50,000 stock of goods, which were sold to 
Charles T. Hayden, another pioneer merchant 
and mill-owner, and the founder of Tempe. In 
1867 he removed to New York City and estab- 
lished the purchasing branch for the firm, and 
since then, with the exception of frequent trips 
to Albuquerque and Tucson, he has attended to 
the purchasing end of the business. The present 
Tucson branch was established in 1868, and con- 
ducted by the brother William, although Aaron 
still retained his interest in the business, to the 
time of his death in 1872. After that the enter- 
prise continued to be conducted by the two 



brothers, Louis and William, under the firm 
name of the Zeckendorf Brothers, and in 1878 
Louis bought out the interest of William, and 
associated himself with a nephew, Albert Stein - 
feld, under the present firm name of Louis 
Zeckendorf & Co. From this comparatively 
small beginning the interests of the establish- 
ment have broadened in every direction, 'and 
with the knowledge of its sou ml financial basis 
and incorruptible business methods, has con- 
tinued to supply an increasing demand, and for 
years has been one of the largest enterprises of 
the kind in the territory. They are known far 
and wide, in small town and remote mining 
camps, and have an enviable reputation for fair- 
ness and sound commercial integrity. 

While Mr. Zeckendorf has been zealously 
loyal to every broadening enterprise in the ter- 
ritory, and though absent a greater portion of 
the time his influence is apparent in more direc- 
tions than is implied by his well known title of 
merchant prince. The mining industries of the 
territory have received his substantial backing 
and support, and lie was one of the incorporators 
of the famous Copper Queen Mining Company, 
which had its origin in 1882, and is one of the 
most widely advertised and successful mining 
properties in the west. He was the first treas- 
urer of the company, and as secretary and man- 
ager launched its possibilities on to an ever- 
broadening sea of inexhaustible success. Al- 
though at present in the sixties, and having 
already lived and accomplished more than many- 
do in twice the length of time, he is a man 
youthful in manner and appearance, his genial 
personality radiating success and happy optim- 
ism wherever he may choose to go. That his 
friends are legion admits of no doubt, and that 
he richly deserves their consideration and re- 
gard is best answered by those who appreciate 
his many fine and noble traits of character. 


The now famous Salt River valley is indebted 
for its development and its rank among the gar- 
den spots of the country to such men as Mr. 
Redden, who have brought hither from other 
parts of the fand a wealth of experience and a 
scientific knowledge of the best and most practi- 

cal means of conducting a farm. Though not one 
of the earliest pioneers, having come here from 
California in 1888, Mr. Redden has accomplished 
gratifying results, not only as an agriculturist, 
but also as an apiarist. In the latter occupation 
he has so far studied the habits and methods 
of these industrious little food-producing bees 
as to have gained a reputation as an authority on 
bee culture. Me is contemplating entering even 
more extensively into the raising of honey, and 
devotes much time to improving the methods of 
caring for his bees. In this connection he is a 
member of the Salt River Valley Honey Pro- 
ducers' Association and a director in the same. 

The splendidly improved farm of Mr. Redden 
is located about eight and a half miles southeast 
of Tempe, and is three hundred and ten acres 
in extent. Under his unfailing patience and in- 
terest in the possibilities of the soil, the land has 
been made to produce abundantly, and now 
bears but a slight resemblance to its originally 
crude and unpromising condition. It is well fit- 
ted with all modern labor-saving devices, and 
has the distinction of being adorned by one of 
the most commodious, comfortable and up-to- 
date rural houses in the valley. On the claim 
general farming and stock-raising are exten- 
sively carried on. 

The ancestry of the Redden family is English 
on the paternal side and German on the maternal 
side. Mr. Redden is a native of Jackson county, 
Iowa, and was born December 4, 1840. His 
parents, Edward and Amy (Wood) Redden, are 
natives respectively of Maryland and Kentucky. 
They were agriculturists during the years of 
their activity and reared their children to habits 
of thrift and economy. They were early settlers 
in Jackson county, Iowa, having removed there 
in the early '305. Their son, James, lived on the 
home farm until grown to manhood, and in the 
meantime acquired the education obtainable at 
the public schools of his county, and under his 
father's able instruction learned the best way 
to conduct a farm. 

Much of his success in life Mr. Redden gener- 
ously attributes to the able assistance of his wife, 
who has proved a helpmate indeed, and a worthy 
assistant in the uphill struggle for success and 
competence. Mrs. Redden was formerly Susan 
D. Sheib, a native of Pennsylvania. Of this 



union there have been nine children, viz.: Low- 
ell E.; Amy B., who is the wife of Thomas H. 
Brown, of Jerome, Ariz.; Homer; Byron A.; 
Walter; Monroe; Enos, who is deceased; Mark; 
and James E. The marriage of Mr. Redden and 
Miss Sheib was solemnized in Iowa May 3, 1864, 
and during the same spring they decided to take 
advantage of the larger possibilities of the far 
west, and journey to Butte county, Cal. Here 
they resided for several years, and engaged in 
general farming and stock-raising. Subse- 
quently they took up their residence in Modoc 
county, Cal., and were forty miles from the cele- 
brated lava beds, in Modoc county. Shortly 
after arriving there Captain Jack's war com- 
menced, with the details of which Mr. and Mrs. 
Redden are very familiar. After engaging in cat- 
tle-raising for a number of years in Modoc 
county, Mr. Redden removed to Sonoma county, 
Cal., where he remained until 1888, at which 
time he permanently settled in Arizona. 

Mr. Redden is greatly interested in the cause 
of education, and invariably lends his influence 
on the side of the most advanced means of im- 
parting knowledge. For several years he has 
served on the school board of his district, known 
as the Kyrene district. In national politics he is 
an advocate of the principles of the Democratic 
party, but entertains nevertheless exceedingly 
liberal ideas regarding the politics of the ad- 
ministration. He is progressive and enterprising 
regarding all matters that pertain to the up- 
building of his adopted locality, and exerts a 
wide influence along all lines of progress. 


Coming to Arizona on the 7th of November, 
1876, Mr. Cook has for almost a quarter of a 
century been identified with the cattle business 
of this territory, and is a worthy representative 
of one of its most prominent pioneer families. 
His father, Josiah D. Cook, was a native of Tip- 
pecanoe county, Ind., and belonged to an old 
New Jersey family of English origin. When a 
young man he went to Urbana, Mo., and later 
became a resident of St. Louis, where he learned 
the saddler and harness-maker's trades. In 1852 
he went to California by way of the Isthmus of 
Panama, and in Oakland opened a shop and 

worked at his trade. He started a stage line 
from Oakland and also engaged in the cattle 
business. In 1863 he went to Walla Walla, 
Wash. .where he carried on the harness and hotel 
business until coming to Prescott, Ariz., in 1876. 
Here he embarked in the dairy business, which 
he continued to follow throughout the remain- 
der of his life, and also engaged in government 

As a Republican, J. D. Cook took a very 
active and influential part in political af- 
fairs, and was serving as a member of the general 
assembly from Yavapai county at the time of 
his death. He also filled the office of county su- 
pervisor several years, and was county treas- 
urer of Walla Walla, county, Wash. He died 
in San Francisco, in May, 1894, when nearly 
sixty years of age. In early manhood he mar- 
ried Virginia Cave, a native of Grayville, 111., 
who died in 1883. Her father, Prof. William K. 
Cave, was born in Somerset, England, and was 
a graduate of Oxford College. He came to this 
country with Robert Dale Owen, the founder of 
the New Harmony community in Illinois, and 
became musical director for the same. After- 
ward he was one of the early surveyors of Texas, 
but died in Illinois. In 1856 Mrs. Cook and 
her sister, Fannie A. Cave, crossed the Isthmus 
and took up their abode in San Francisco. Both 
married in California. Fannie became the wife 
of L. A. Stevens, who was born in Mississippi 
and went to California in 1849. 1 J 862 they 
settled in Prescott, Ariz., and had some exciting 
experiences during the Indian troubles in this 
territory. At one time Mrs. Stevens drove a 
number of Indians out of her house and off the 
ranch. Her husband was engaged in the cattle 
business with the father of our subject, under 
the firm name of Stevens & Cook, and was a 
member of the territorial legislature at two dif- 
ferent times. He died in 1878, and Mrs. Stevens 
now makes her home in San Francisco. 

W. W. Cook, of this review, is the oldest in a 
family of three children, the others being Sidney 
J., who was formerly a mining assayer and mill 
man at Boulder, Colo., but is now head of the 
mining bureau of the republic of Ecuador, and 
also in charge of any mining done by the Guaya- 
quil & Quito Railroad ; and F. Stephen, who is 
a graduate physician, and is now engaged in 

7 6 


practice at Eutopia, Mexico. Our subject was 
born in Oakland, Cal., January 17, 1859, and was 
reared principally in Walla Walla, Wash. He 
attended the city schools of that place, the high 
school at Rockport, Ind., for two years, and 
completed his education by his graduation from 
Bryant & Stratton's Commercial College of Cin- 
cinnati. He had previously come with the fam- 
ily to Prescott, Ariz., in 1876, and on leaving 
school in 1880 returned to this place. He estab- 
lished what is known as Cook's ranch on the 
head waters of New river, fifty-five miles from 
Phoenix, being the first to engage in the cattle 
business in that locality. Upon his place he has 
imported full-blooded Shorthorn and Hereford 
cattle, and now has a herd of about fifteen hun- 
dred. His ranch is on the line between Maricopa 
and Yavapai counties. Since 1894 he has made 
his home in Phoenix, having purchased a pleas- 
ant residence at No. 476 North Fifth avenue. 

On the 5th of February, 1885, at Rockport, 
Ind., Mr. Cook was united in marriage with 
Miss Stella Laird, a native of that place, a daugh- 
ter of Jesse and Celia (Rogers) Laird. She was 
educated in the Rockport high school. Her 
father was an attorney of that place and served 
as county clerk two terms. He was born in 
Indiana, and was a son of Judge J. D. Laird, 
one of the pioneers of Spencei county, that 
state, where he served as county judge. Mrs. 
Cook's mother was a native of New Harmony, 
Ind., and a descendant of John Rogers, of Con- 
necticut, who was burned at the stake on ac- 
count of his religious views. Her father, E. J. 
Rogers, was born in New Haven, Conn., and 
in 1818 removed to the Hoosier state, later 
becoming a merchant of Posey county. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cook were the parents of one child, Joe 
Jesse, who was born in Prescott, January 20, 
1886, and was accidentally killed while hunting, 
October 27, 1900. 

Mr. Cook is a prominent Mason, holding 
membership in Arizona Lodge No. 2, F. & A. 
M.; Phoenix Chapter, R. A. M.; Phoenix Com- 
mandery No. 3, K. T., and El Zaribah Temple, 
N. M. S. He also belongs to the Odd Fellows 
lodge, Encampment and Uniform Rank. By his 
ballot he supports the men and measures of the 
Republican party, and has served on the terri- 
torial committee. His wife is a member of the 

Presbyterian Church. During his long resi- 
dence in Arizona he has championed every 
movement designed to promote the general wel- 
fare, has supported every enterprise for the pub- 
lic good, and has materially aided in the advance- 
ment of all social, educational and moral inter- 
ests. His genial, pleasant manner has made 
him quite popular in both business and social 
circles, and he is recognized as a valued citizen 
of the community. 


A native of Derbyshire, England, Mr. Straw 
was born July 18, 1858, and is a son of William 
and Mary (Else) Straw, who were born in Eng- 
land. William Straw was for many years a 
general merchant at Pinxton, Derbyshire, and 
after his sixteenth year his son, Albert, assisted 
him in the discharge of his business enterprise, 
and learned every detail of the mercantile busi- 
ness. The youth received an excellent education 
in the public schools of his native land, and 
developed industrious and praiseworthy traits of 
character at a very early age. 

In the fall of 1878 Albert J. Straw immigrated 
to the United States, sailing from Liverpool to 
New York. He settled at once in Peoria, 111., 
and was there engaged as a clerk in a large 
mercantile establishment for several years. In 
1885 he removed from Illinois to Arizona, and 
settled on his present ranch in the vicinity of 
Peoria, Maricopa county, which has since been 
the scene of his undivided attention. He was 
one of the very first settlers of his locality, and 
has witnessed many changes in the at first un- 
promising country. His ranch consists of eighty 
acres of land, and has become, by cultivation, a 
paying and interesting venture. In connection 
with the improvement of his own land, Mr. 
Straw for four years managed the famous ranch 
belonging to S. C. Bartlett, near Glendale. An 
added source of revenue also is derived from the 
occupation of well drilling, of which Mr. Straw 
is an expert. In this line he is accorded the 
majority of the patronage of the valley. 

The marriage of Mr. Straw and Elizabeth 
Goodall, a native of England, occurred in Eng- 
land in May, 1883. Mr. Straw is interested in 
educational and other matters for the improve- 



ment of his locality, and is one of the reliable 
and esteemed members of the community. He 
has great faith in the future of his especial part 
of the valley, which is undoubtedly the secret 
of his gratifying success. 


Just eighteen years ago E. M. Sanford estab- 
lished his home and office in Prescott, the 
"charming mountain city," as it has often been 
called by enthusiastic visitors. To-day and for 
many years past he has been ranked among the 
leading members of the legal profession of this 
county, and is continually adding to the laurels 
which he has already won. At the same time, 
he is a public-spirited citizen, doing everything 
within his power in the advancement of this, his 
chosen place of abode. 

The Sanford family is an old and honored one 
in New England and originated in our mother 
country. The paternal grandfather of E. M. 
Sanford was a hero of the war for independence, 
and lived in Connecticut, his ancestral state, un- 
til early in the century just completed, when he 
became a pioneer of Allegany county, N. Y. 
There his son, Ephraim H., father of E. M. San- 
ford, was born and reared. Early in his career 
he went to Ann Arbor, Mich., where he pub- 
lished a newspaper for a period, in the meantime 
studying law and finally being admitted to the 
bar. Then he proceeded to establish himself in 
practice in New London, Ohio, and later re- 
moved to Des Moines, Iowa, where he assisted 
in the organization of the Iowa Land Company, 
a successful venture. In 1856 he became a resi- 
dent of Marysville, Kans., and was one of the 
most energetic and valued vitizens of that state. 
During the troublous period of the Civil war, 
when Kansas was almost torn asunder by con- 
tending factions within her borders, he played 
an important part in maintaining order and pro- 
tection, serving as a captain in Colonel Moon- 
light's regiment of home guards. He is was who 
founded the now thriving town of Eskridge, 
Kans., where he lived for many years and 
carried on a law and real estate business. 

His death occurred April n, 1901, at Colum- 
bus, Ohio, whither he had removed in 1898.. 
His wife, Rebecca Mary Merrick Moses, daugh- 

ter of Dr. Elisha Moses, was born in Mount 
Morris, N. Y., and departed this life in 
1898. Her father was a prominent physician of 
Rochester, N. Y., for a long period, and her 
grandfather, Elisha Moses, was one of the 
pioneers of the Genesee valley in New York, 
coming to that locality from Rhode Island. The 
Moses family was founded in New England soon 
after the "Mayflower" made its first historic trip 
to these shores, and prior to that, flourished in 
old England. Mrs. Sanford is far from unknown 
to the general public, as she achieved distinction 
as a lecturer, poet and writer on many of the 
important issues of the times. She possessed a 
natural charm of manner, which, added to a 
liberal education and ability, made her 
thoroughly entertaining and sought for in 
society. Under the auspices of Susan B. 
Anthony and others, she delivered the first lec- 
ture on woman's suffrage in Rochester, N. Y., 
in a Methodist Episcopal Church. 

E. M. Sanford, born in Mount Morris, N. Y., 
February 6, 1851, is the only child of E. H. and 
Rebecca M. Sanford who lived to maturity. 
After completing his studies in the academy of 
his native town he commenced to teach school 
and continued his researches in the fields of 
science, higher mathematics and the languages. 
In 1866 he went to Kansas, where he devoted 
several years to the saw-mill industry, chiefly in 
the vicinity of Manhattan and Alma. Then for 
some time he edited the Eskridge "Landmark," 
a progressive newspaper which attained a wide 

Having decided to enter the legal profession, 
E. M. Sanford pursued his studies along that 
line under the guidance of his father, and in 
1873 was admitted to the Kansas bar. From 
that time until 1881 he was successfully occupied 
in practice at Alma, Kans., and then located in 
El Paso, Tex. It was not long, however, ere he 
took up his residence in Silver City, N. M., and 
in March, 1883, the superior climate and other 
advantages of Prescott led him to become a per- 
manent resident of this place. Here he has built 
up a large and remunerative practice, many of 
his clients being classed among the representa- 
tive citizens of this locality. From 1884 to 1893 
he was attorney for the Atlantic & Pacific Rail- 
road in Arizona, and of late years his general 


practice has occupied his entire attention. In 
political creed he is a Republican. In religion 
he is a member of the Episcopal Church. 

The marriage of Mr. Sanford and Miss Fannie 
L. Stimson took place in Topeka, Kans., 
November n, 1877. Battle 1 Creek, Mich., is her 
birthplace, and her girlhood was passed in Mich- 
igan and Kansas. Three children bless the home 
of our subject and wife, namely : Jessie F., Earl 
A. and Pearl. 


Besides being a piominent farmer of the Salt 
River valley, Mr. Coughran has responsibilities 
as a veterinary surgeon, and as trustee of the 
Riverside school district No. 2. He was born 
in Caledonia, Wis., October 3, 1847. His par- 
ents, James and Mary J. (Cronk) Coughran, 
were natives of Vermont, and devoted the 
greater part of their years of activity to farming. 
James Coughran was an ambitious man, who 
saw beyond the confines of his Wisconsin farm, 
and was inspired with the longing for wealth 
which took so many from the various occupa- 
tions all over the .country to California in 1849. 
He crossed the plains with a train of emigrants 
in that memorable year, and for a time mined in 
the state of California. Going back to Wiscon- 
sin, he returned after several yfcars to the far 
west, and in September, 1869, located in Skull 
valley, Ariz., but in 1870 moved to what is now 
the People's valley. Here he engaged in ranch- 
ing, and also kept a station for the accommoda- 
tion of stage passengers, an important and neces- 
sary work in the early days. He is one of the 
early an/1 enterprising pioneers of Arizona, and 
has contributed his share toward the develop- 
ment of the localities in which he has lived. At 
present he is residing with his son, William H. 
His wife died in 1887, in Reedsburg, Wis. 

When a small child, William H. Coughran 
moved with his parents to Reedsburg, Wis., 
where he received an excellent home training, 
and was educated in the public schools of the 
town. He first came to Arizona in 1872, and 
was immediately initiated into the peculiar con- 
ditions existing at that time. The stage coach 
was then an important factor in the land, the 
mails and traveling public being dependent upon 

this method of transportation. For two years he 
was employed on a stage line between Prescott 
and San Bernardino, Cal., and was the agent 
at Ehrenburg for James Grant, the sole pro- 
prietor of the stage line. Subsequently he re- 
turned to Wisconsin, and qualified for future in- 
dependence by learning the veterinary surgeon's 
occupation, and until 1886 practically applied his 
calling at Sparta, Wis. In the same year he re- 
turned to Arizona, and has now come to regard 
the territory as his permanent habitation. 

For two years after returning to the territory, 
Mr. Coughran was employed in the large mer- 
cantile establishment of J. L. Fisher, at Prescott, 
and in 1890 settled on the land which has since 
been the object of his untiring energies. His 
ranch is located west of Phoenix, in the Salt 
River valley, and is one hundred and seventy 
acres in extent. The wise application of effort 
has been rewarded by gratifying results, for the 
farm bears scarce a trace of resemblance to its 
former sterile condition. 

Mr. Coughran married Jennie Heimann, who 
was born in Germany. To this couple have been 
born two children, Alma and Samuel J. In 
national politics Mr. Coughran is a Republican. 
Fraternally he is a member of the Masonic order 
and prominent in Masonic circles. He is enter- 
prising and progressive, and interested in educa- 
tion and all that pertains to the general well- 


A baker and confectioner by trade, a master 
in his line, and a sound financier, Mr. Sturmer 
would undoubtedly make a success of his busi- 
ness wherever he might elect to reside. From a 
small start he began in Jerome in 1894, occupy- 
ing the old Grand View building, and soon 
worked up a good trade, which necessitated an 
increase of stock and larger quarters. A change 
was compulsory, however, for he was the vic- 
tim of a fire in September, 1898, and all his 
goods were destroyed, as well as the building 
which contained them. To tide over the disas- 
ter he purchased the property upon which he is 
now conducting business, and temporarily 
erected a small wooden structure. In 1899 was 
erected the present building, a commodious and 


convenient store, three stories in height, and 
26x62 feet in ground dimensions. A fine stock 
of general furnishings and merchandise is car- 
ried, amounting to about $1,200, and the fixtures 
are valued at $2,500. Mr. Sturmer is entitled to 
great credit for the rise which he has made in 
Jerome, for his original enterprise was valued 
at only $200. He realizes a large profit from 
his bakery, which occupies one floor of the store 

A native of Pennsylvania, Mr. Sturmer was 
born in Pittston, Luzerne county, in 1864, and 
was reared and educated in the city of his birth. 
Upon leaving the home surroundings, he went 
to New Mexico, and at Deming, Grant county, 
worked at his trade of baker and confectioner, 
which he had learned in Pennsylvania. This 
occupied his time for seven years, when he en- 
gaged in the grocery and bakery business at 
Deming for four years. From Deming he came 
direct to Jerome, and has since been one of the 
strong commercial forces of the town. He owns 
considerable real estate in his adopted city, as 
well as coal lands and mining claims in the 

In 1894 Mr. Sturmer married, in Deming, 
N. M., Miss C. Lena I. Merrill, who was born in 
Maine, and to this couple has been born one 
son, Merrill. Mr. Sturmer was a member of 
the first board of aldermen of Jerome. He has 
since been active in local politics, but has never 
been a seeker after political preferment. Fra- 
ternally he is a Knight of Pythias, and is asso- 
ciated with Jerome Lodge No. 18, and past 
chancellor of the same. 


This prominent civil and mining engineer and 
representative citizen of Phoenix, was born in 
Barnston, Province of Quebec, Canada, Decem- 
ber 26, 1835, and is the oldest son in a family 
of six sons and two daughters, all of whom are 
now living with the exception of one son and 
one daughter. His father, Alpheus Parker, was 
also a native of Barnston and a son of Joshua 
Parker, who was born on Lake Champlain, near 
Bethel, Vt., and at an early day removed to 
Barnston, Canada, where he followed farming. 
His old homestead at that place is still in pos- 

session of the family. His wife, who in her 
maidenhood was Judith Bartlett, was also a 
native of the Green Mountain State and a 
daughter of Joseph Bartlett, who fought for the 
freedom of the colonies in the Revolutionary- 
war. The father of our subject engaged in farm- 
ing on the old homestead until his death in 1891. 
He married Susan Roxanna Crocker, who was 
born in Woodstock, N. H., and is a daughter of 
Josiah Crooker, also a native of that state and a 
farmer by occupation. He was closely related 
to the Churchill, Randolph and Alger families, 
who were prominent in the Revolutionary war. 
Mrs. Parker is still living in Canada at the ad- 
vanced age of ninety-three years. 

During his boyhood and youth P. P. Parker 
attended the district schools and the Barnston 
Academy, and at the age of eighteen engaged in 
teaching, after which he clerked in a general 
store at Magog, Canada, one year. In 1858 he 
removed to Bloomington, 111., where he taught 
one term of school, and in the fall of that year 
went to Pike county, Mo., where he followed the 
same pursuit. In the spring of 1859 he started 
across the plains for Pike's Peak with ox teams, 
going by way of Fort Riley and the Republican 
Fork of the Kansas river to the junction of the 
Platte and South Platte, and thence to the pres- 
ent site of Denver. During the summer he en- 
gaged in prospecting and mining, and then re- 
turned to Missouri to resume teaching in the 
same district where he had previously taught. 
Later he followed farming there until the in- 
auguration of the Civil war. 

In 1861 Mr. Parker joined the Home Guard, 
becoming first lieutenant of Company C, Sixth 
Missouri Militia, and in September of the fol- 
lowing year was mustered into the United 
States service as first lieutenant of Company H, 
Thirty-second Missouri Volunteer Infantry, 
which was assigned to General Sherman's com- 
mand. He participated in the battle of Haines' 
Bluff, Arkansas Post, the siege of Vicksburg.the 
battles of Chattanooga and Lookout Mountain, 
and the Atlanta campaign. At the surrender of 
Atlanta his regiment, which had entered the 
service one thousand two hundred strong, was 
reduced to one hundred and thirty-six men and 
formed three companies of a battalion, the sur- 
plus officers having been mustered out. He was 


made captain of his company in July, 1864, and 
was honorably discharged late in the fall of that 

Returning to his home in Missouri, Mr. 
Parker was there married, in January, 1865, to 
Miss Susan F. Hendrick, a native of Pike 
county, Mo., and a daughter of Moses and 
Amanda Hendrick, who removed from Ken- 
tucky to Missouri in pioneer days. Four chil- 
dren blessed this union : Angie Belle, deputy 
clerk of the United States supreme court of 
Arizona ; Earl H., a civil engineer with the 
Santa, Phoenix & Prescott Railroad extension ; 
and Henry Clay and James A., both at home. 

After his marriage Mr. Parker engaged in 
farming in Missouri one year, and then em- 
barked in general merchandising. Nine months 
later he was elected clerk of the district court 
and register of deeds of Pike county, in which 
offices he served four years, and then engaged 
in railroad contracting on what is now the Chi- 
cago & Alton from Roodhouse, 111., to Jefferson 
City, Mo., and later on the St. Louis, Hannibal 
& Keokuk Railroad. Having made a study of 
surveying it helped him greatly as a railroad 
contractor. He built the lime works at Bowling 
Green, Mo., which he operated until 1884, and 
then removed to Devil's Lake, Towner county, 
N. D. He was appointed by the governor as 
one of the commissioners to organize that 
county, which they did, and was also appointed 
to help select the site for the county seat and 
build the court house. There he engaged in 
farming and stock raising, and also served as 
clerk of the district court until coming to Ari- 
zona in 1888 as a contractor on the South Gila 
canal in Yuma county. In April, 1889, he lo- 
cated in Phoenix, where he has since made his 
home. He was one of the promoters of the 
Rio Verde canal ; surveyed the original levels, 
and has been interested in it ever since as a di- 
rector. He served as president of the com- 
pany for a time and is now treasurer. They have 
large reservoirs and the canal when completed 
will be one hundred miles in length, $200,000 
have already been expended upon it. Mr. 
Parker is also interested in mining, and is super- 
intendent of the Arizona Copper Mountain Min- 
ing Company in the New river district. He 
stands high as a civil and mining engineer and is 

well posted in irrigation engineering. His honu- 
is in the capitol addition of Phoenix. 

Mr. Parker was elected to the territorial legis- 
lature in 1896, and was a member of the nine- 
teenth general assembly, in which he served as 
chairman of the committee on irrigations, and 
as a member of the committees on rules, ways 
and means, counties and county boundaries, and 
appropriations. He was also very active in se- 
curing appropriation for building the present 
capitol. In the fall of 1900 he was again the 
Democratic candidate for representative to the 
legislature. He served as lieutenant-colonel and 
aide-de-camp on the staffs of both Governor 
Franklin and Governor McCord. He has been 
a member of the territorial central committee, 
and is one of the most prominent Democrats of 
Maricopa county. During the session of 
January, 1901, twenty-first legislature, he was 
elected speaker, and filled the office with emi- 
nent ability, being Very popular with the mem- 

In religious belief Mr. Parker is a Congrega- 
tionalist. He is a member and ex-director of the 
Maricopa Club, and also belongs to the Arizona 
Society of Civil Engineers and the Arizona So- 
ciety of the Sons of the American Revolution. 
An honored member of J. W. Owen Post, No. 
15, G. A. R., he is now serving as department 
commander of the department of Arizona. He 
is one of the most prominent Masons of the ter- 
ritory ; is past illustrious potentate of El Zaribah 
Temple, N. M. S., and was grand commander 
of the grand commandery of Knight Templars 
of Arizona in 1898 and 1899. He is a pleasant, 
genial gentleman of high social qualities and 
very popular, having a most extensive circle of 
friends and acquaintances who esteem him 
highly for his genuine worth. 


The popular cashier of the Arizona Water 
Company, Mr. Miner, was born in Freedom, La 
Salle county, 111., January 7, 1856. On the 
paternal side the family trace their Scotch ances- 
try back to the thirteenth century. Grandfather 
Miner was a farmer during the years of his 
activity, and settled in Illinois at an early day, 
where he conducted large general farming and 


stock-raising enterprises, and where he eventu- 
ally died at an advanced age. His son, Sam- 
uel Edsall, the father of Ricardo, was born in 
New York, and was a grain dealer in Ottawa, 
111., and afterwards went into the meat business 
in Chicago, 111. In 1879 he removed to Bigbug, 
Ariz., and engaged in general merchandise busi- 
ness, and also became interested in mining. In 
1887 he removed to the Salt River valley, and is 
now, at the age of seventy-nine years, retired 
from active participation in business affairs, and 
residing with his son in Phoenix. His wife, for- 
merly Asenath Darrow, was born in Massachu- 
setts, and was a daughter of Quartus Darrow, 
also of that state. In time Mr. Darrow removed 
to La Salle county, 111., where he was a suc- 
cessful farmer and stock-raiser. Mrs. Miner 
died in Phoenix at the age of seventy-two. She 
traced her descent back to some of the Revolu- 
tionary heroes, and was of English ancestry. 

Of the two children in his father's family, 
Ricardo Edsall is the younger and the only 
one living. He received his education in the 
public schools, and was graduated from the high 
school. When old enough to assume responsi- 
bility he assisted his father in conducting the 
general merchandise store, and in this way ac- 
quired considerable useful knowledge of the 
ways of commerce. In 1882 he came to Bigbug, 
Ariz., having been previously employed in the 
construction of the Chicago postoffice as time- 
keeper. In Bigbug he entered his father's em- 
ploy, and at the same time became interested in 
mining, and opened and operated what was after- 
wards known as the Henrietta and Val mines, 
and also had an interest in the C. O. D. mine. 
With the latter enterprise he is still connected. 
Since 1882 the father and son have been engaged 
in raising cattle in the Arizona mountains, which 
forms a considerable source of revenue. In 1887 
Mr. Miner settled in Phoenix and purchased a 
ten-acre farm adjoining the city. To the man- 
agement and improvement of this land he has 
given much time and attention. In 1894 he was 
employed by the Arizona Improvement and the 
Canal Companies as cashier and paymaster, 
and continues to hold the position at the present 
time, and after the reorganizing of the compa- 
nies in 1898, into the Arizona Water Company. 

In Chicago, 111., Mr. Miner was united in mar- 

riage with Fannie Church, a native of Lancaster, 
Ohio. Of this union there is one child, George 
Edsall. Mr. Miner is associated with the Re- 
publican party, and is interested in all of its 
issues and undertakings. He is also a member 
of the Arizona Sons of the Revolution. Mrs. 
Miner is a member of the Baptist Church. He 
represents the most substantial and enterprising 
of the business men of Phoenix and is esteemed 
for his innumerable excellent traits of mind, 
character and attainment. His high principles 
and all-around geniality and good fellowship 
have gained for him many friends, and his up- 
right business methods the confidence of his 
employers and the community at large. 


Without question one of the most popular citi- 
zens of Arizona was Capt. William O. O'Neill, 
familiarly known throughout this section of the 
southwest as "Buckie" O'Neill. He possessed 
the courage, pluck and happy good-fellowship 
which distinguish many of the typical frontiers- 
men of the west, and in his death Arizona feels 
that a public loss has been sustained. Words 
of eulogy are needless, for the widespread thrill 
of sorrow which was felt by all who had known 
him, aye, and by many who knew him only in 
a general way when the news of his tragic 
death' in the forefront of battle at Santiago 
flashed over the wire, is in itself a testimony 
to the hold which he had upon the hearts of the 

Turning backward the pages in the life record 
of the gallant captain it is learned that his 
parents, Capt. John Owen and Mary (McMena- 
men) O'Neill, were natives of Ireland. The 
mother, who survives her husband, and lives in 
Washington, D. C., is a daughter of William 
Menamen, whose death occurred in the Emerald 
Isle. Her paternal grandfather, however, came 
to this country and for a long period was en- 
gaged in farming near Philadelphia, his demise 
taking place when he was in his ninety-ninth 

Capt. John Owen O'Neill lived in St. Louis 
and Philadelphia until the Civil war, and sub- 
sequently was employed in the treasury depart- 



ment at Washington, D. C., until he was sum- 
moned to the silent land, January 13, 1897. In 
his early manhood he had achieved great suc- 
cess in the business world, being interested in 
a wholesale hardware establishment. He pos- 
sessed the same patriotic zeal and invincible 
courage which characterized his son, the sub- 
ject of this article, and when the Civil war began 
he at once set about the raising of a company 
of volunteers to defend the Union. Throughout 
the war he served as the captain of Company K, 
One Hundred and Sixteenth Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, which was a part of that celebrated 
"Irish" Brigade so prominently mentioned in 
the annals of the war. In the fiercely-con- 
tested battle of Fredericksburg he distin- 
guished himself and command by his brilliant 
action, though he was wounded five times. Alto- 
gether during the war he received fourteeen 
wounds, and in the possession of his family are 
five minie-balls which were removed from his 
body. For more than three decades his health 
was greatly impaired by reason of his army 
service, and during all of those weary years he 
was a cripple, obliged to use crutches. In May, 
1863, he was commissioned by President Lin- 
coln to a Veteran Reserve Corps, and during 
the latter part of the war was provost-marshal 
in the district of Columbia, and a member of , 
the military commission for the seven south- 
western counties of Virginia. He was an hon- 
ored member of the Union Veteran League, the 
Grand Army of the Republic, the Loyal Legion, 
the Odd Fellows order and the Masonic order, 
in which he attained the thirty-second degree. 

Capt. William Owen O'Neill, born in St. 
Louis, Mo., February 2, 1860, was the eldest of 
four children. His brother, Jo'hn Bernard, a 
graduate of the Georgetown (D. C.) law school, 
is practicing his profession in Washington, and 
another brother, Eugene Brady, likewise a 
graduate of the same college, has been an attor- 
ney-at-law in Phoenix since 1896. Miss Mary 
Henning O'Neill, the only sister, resides in the 
national capital. 

Reared in Washington. Capt. W. O. O'Neill 
received excellent educational advantages, and 
after being graduated in the classics at Gonzaga 
College pursued a course in the law department 
of the National University, where he was gradu- 

ated in 1879. Coming direct to Phoenix, he 
became the editor and manager of the city 
"Herald." Subsequently, he officiated as court 
stenographer at Albuquerque, N. M., practiced 
law in the southern part of Arizona and was 
court reporter again. After trying his fortunes 
in different parts of this territory, he located in 
Prescott, where he was the court reporter in 
1883. Mining enterprises naturally won his at- 
tention, and at different times he made invest- 
ments in local mining property, and for a period 
was the vice-president and general manager of 
the Grand Canyon Mining Company, a success- 
ful enterprise. Besides, he was the president of 
the Arizona Onyx Quarries until the property 
was sold. In 1885 this versatile man again took 
up journalistic work, becoming the editor of the 
"Hoof & Horn," devoted to the interests of 
stockmen, and for a number of years he was at 
the head of the paper, which met with marked 
favor in the West. In the organization of the 
famous Buckeye Canal he was very active, and 
for some time prior to his death held the posi- 
tion of president of the same, also owning prop- 
erty irrigated by the canal. He built the O'Neill 
block, at the corner of First avenue and Adams 
street, and a second building, known by his 
name, at the corner of Second and Washington 
streets, Phoenix. 

In the ranks of the Republican party, Capt. 
O'Neill was a leader, and served for one term as 
probate judge of Yavapai, having been elected 
by his party friends. He also served in the ca- 
pacity of sheriff, and in his dealings with the 
numerous outlaws and desperadoes of the terri- 
tory had need of the fearlessness, coolness and 
strength of character for which he is noted. 
Many an unpleasant experience did he have, and 
not the least was his pursuit and capture of the 
train robber called "Canon Diablo." Following 
the highwaymen into Utah, he finally overtook 
them, and a running fight of a most exciting 
nature resulted. When the Spanish-American 
war was declared, the Captain was mayor of 
Prescott, and when he enlisted with the "Rough 
Riders" of Arizona he was given a leave of ab- 
sence from his position, which, as destiny de- 
creed, he never was to resume. Of the Prescott 
Grays, A. N. G., he had been the captain, and 
later held the rank of adjutant-general of Ari- 



zona. He was, moreover, honored by being ap- 
pointed to serve on the Arizona board of com- 
missioners of the World's Columbian Fair, and 
at another time was a delegate to the National 
Irrigation Congress, held in Phoenix. In 1894 
he was a candidate for Congress on the Populist 
ticket, but was defeated, and in 1896, when he 
was the Populists' choice for like honors, he was 
defeated, owing to the minority of his party. 

Capt. William O. O'Neill was the first volun- 
teer mustered into the army after war with Spain 
was declared, it is generally believed, as he took 
the oath April 28, 1898, and was placed in com- 
mand of Troop A, the noted "Rough Riders." 
Their history, their intrepidity, their service to 
the cause of right and justice is so fresh in the 
minds of the public that naught is needed more 
of praise. "Who would not gamble for another 
star in the flag," words spoken to his comrades 
by Captain O'Neill, were characteristic, evincing 
his conviction that personal interests, even life 
itself, should be considered secondary to pa- 
triotism. The innumerable dangers which he 
had passed through, unscathed, among the out- 
laws in the west, and his many escapes from in- 
jury in Cuba, inspired him with a mistaken con- 
fidence, for, indeed, it appeared to many that 
he "led a charmed life." On that memorable 
July i, 1898, while awaiting orders from his 
superior officers, he rashly stood erect among 
his men who were lying on the ground, while the 
Spanish bullets were showering above their 
heads. In response to the friends who urged 
him to be careful, he said lightly, ''The Spanish 
bullet was never moulded that will hit me," and 
instantly he fell dead, killed by a leaden missive 
of the foe. Mourned by his hosts of friends, east 
and west, north and south, he is sleeping his 
last sleep in the Arlington National Cemetery, 
near Washington, his old home. He was a 
Knight of Pythias and affiliated with the Wood- 
men of the World. 

In Prescott occurred the marriage of Capt. 
O'Neill and Miss Pauline Schindler, April 27, 
1886. She was born in San Francisco, and her 
parents, W. F. R. and Rosalie (Young) Schind- 
ler, are natives of Germany, the father of Berlin, 
and the mother of Thuringia. For several years 
he served in the regular army of this, his 
adopted, country, and after his settlement in 

California became captain of a company of the 
First California Regiment, Volunteers, in the 
Civil War, taking part in some of the local up- 
risings and assisting to quell the Arizona Indi- 
ans. For several years he was the editor of the 
San Francisco "German Post," and later was 
employed in the commissary department of the 
United States army service, being transferred to 
Fort Whipple and then to Fort Bowie, Ariz. 
Resigning, he located in Prescott, where he was 
assistant probate judge and assistant editor of 
the paper "Hoof & Horn." Now about seventy 
years of age, he is living retired in Phoenix. He 
is an honored member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic and of the Loyal Legion. Mrs. 
O'Neill, who is an only child, received good edu- 
cational advantages in the schools of San Fran- 
cisco, and is a graduate of the Normal of that 
city. Since November, 1899, she has resided in 
Phoenix, giving her chief attention to her little 
son, Maurice, another son, John B., having died 
in infancy. In the best local society of Prescott 
and Phoenix she is popular, and now is the 
president of the Equal Suffrage Association of 


The present register of the United States 
land office at Prescott is regarded as one of 
the most promising politicians in the territory. 
Of interesting ancestry, the former bearers of 
the family name have been prominent in many 
walks of life, and more recent members have 
figured conspicuously in high political circles 
of the west, Hon. Fred A. Tritle, Sr., having 
been governor of Arizona. 

The youth of Fred A. Tritle, Jr., was spent in 
Virginia City, Nev., where he was born January 
10, 1866, and is the second oldest in a family 
of five children. In 1880 he removed to Oak- 
land, Cal., and took a course at Sackett's Clas- 
sical School, and then prepared for Harvard Col- 
lege at Exeter, Rockingham county, N. H. 
However, later developments interfered with 
his proposed entrance to Harvard, and in 1886 
he came to Prescott, his father having arrived 
here in 1881. An almost immediate opening 
was presented in the shape of a position as time- 
keeper with the Prescott & Arizona Central 


Railroad Company, in which capacity he served 
until 1887. In the mean time he had employed 
such leisure as he could command in studying 
law, and in 1889 entered the department of the 
county recorder, under Secretary Akers, where 
he remained until 1897. He then opened an ab- 
stract, real-estate and insurance office with 
Charles H. Akers, which enterprise was exceed- 
ingly short-lived, owing to the appointment of 
Mr. Tritle, in May' of 1897, to the office of reg- 
ister of the United States land office, and the 
later appointment of Mr. Akers as secretary of 

July I, 1897, Mr. Tritle took the oath of office, 
and has since had charge of the land cases. His 
district is the largest in the territory, and in- 
cludes the northern part of Yuma, Maricopa, 
Gila and Graham counties, and all of Mohave, 
Yavapai, C'oconino, Navajo and Apache coun- 
ties. It is needless to state that the office has 
been managed to the satisfaction of all con- 
cerned, and that the record of Mr. Tritle has jus- 
tified the expectations of those who were instru- 
mental in securing his appointment. He has 
further interested himself in the general well- 
being of the town, and is popular socially and 
fraternally. As a stanch Republican he is a 
member of the territorial central committee, and 
was city treasurer for three years, from 1894 to 
1897. He is a member of the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, and is past chancellor of 
the Knights of Pythias. Like the majority who 
come here, he is interested in mining and cattle 
raising. He is affiliated with the Episcopal 

W. S. LOW. 

A pioneer hotel man, the subject of this article 
has made a thorough success of his various en- 
terprises in this direction, and not the least of 
these is his most recent achievement. The Hotel 
San Augustine, of Tucson, undoubtedly is the 
most unique and interesting hostelry in the 
west, and certainly few, if any, others would 
have dreamed of converting the old cathedral 
into a modern hotel. Seated in the dining-room 
of today (the audience room of the devout as- 
semblages who met here for many years), the 
fancy necessarily strays into the past, and some- 

times a sigh, but more often a smile, is evoked 
by the 'contrast.: On' the walls are to be seen 
the time-honored paintings, and as far as possi- 
ble the old decorations have been untouched. 
The room is so large and pleasant that it may 
be used for a ball or for private theatricals, as it 
is provided with a stage at one side (this hav- 
ing formerly been the chancel). Two attractive 
interior courts add much to the beauty and cool- 
ness of the building, and the complete remod- 
eling which has been carried out by the present 
proprietor renders this a thoroughly desirable 
hotel. It extends from the Church plaza to 
Church street, and occupies extensive ground 
space, a new wing having been added to the 
original structure. 

'"Yankees" always have been credited with 
foresight and noticeable sagacity in all of their 
undertakings, and W. S. Low certainly is no 
exception to the rule. He is a native of Gray, 
Cumberland county, Me., his birth having oc- 
curred July 31, 1839. He is of English descent, 
and his grandfather, Nicholas Low, a native of 
Maine, was a soldier in the war of 1812. Wil- 
liam, father of W. S. Low, also was born in 
Cumberland county, Me., and was a selectman 
of the town of Gray. He was a dealer in live 
stock, and passed his entire life in his native 
county. The wife and mother, Eunice, was a 
daughter of Amos Cummings, and also was from 
Maine. Of her twelve children, all but two lived 
to mature years. 

W. S. Low left home at the age of fifteen to 
seek his fortune in the lar west, crossing, the 
continent and journeying across the plains in a 
mule train from Omaha along the Carson route 
to San Francisco. His father and brother Wil- 
liam had preceded him in 1849, voyaging 
around South America, and upon arriving in 
San Francisco the father took the contract for 
making the first plank street in the city. From 
the time that he reached the Pacific coast until 
the spring of 1898 he was connected with hotel 
enterprises, and thus is a veritable pioneer hotel 
man. At first he was engaged in the business 
in San Joaquin, Salina and Alameda counties, 
Cal., and then in Contra Costa county. Going 
to Santa Barbara, Cal., he was the proprietor 
of the Santa Barbara Hotel for twelve years, 
meeting with deserved success in the undertak- 



ing. Three and a half years ago he came to Tuc- 
son, and formed the original idea of transform- 
ing the old cathedral into a hotel, believing that 
the central location and the architectural fea- 
tures of the building would be advantages 
worthy of consideration. Having obtained a 
lease to the property, he proceeded to carry out 
his ideas, and, with characteristic energy, is 
running the hotel on approved modern methods. 
In addition to this, he has investments in min- 
ing property. 

Mr. Low has found a real helpmate in his 
wife, formerly Miss Caroline Edwards. They 
were married in San Francisco and have two 
children, Bernice and Glendlon. Mrs. Low was 
born in Minnesota and is well educated and tal- 
ented. Possessing fine natural ability as an art- 
ist, she has devoted considerable time to paint- 
ing, and her excellent taste has been exercised 
upon her surroundings with good effect. She 
holds membership in the Episcopal Church. Mr. 
and Mrs. Low are the possessors of what is un- 
doubtedly the finest collection of Indian baskets 
in the entire west. In the fraternal orders Mr. 
Low is connected with the Odd Fellows, Red 
Men and the lodge and club of the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks. In political creed 
he is a stalwart Republican. Personally he is 
very popular and has a wide acquaintance with 
the traveling public. His first visit to Arizona 
occurred in 1862, and the changes which have 
since taken place are nothing short of marvelous 
in his eyes. 


A public-spirited business man and the pre- 
sent mayor of Prescott, Robert H. Burmister is 
extremely popular in representative commercial 
circles. Thoroughly patriotic and anxious to 
promote the welfare of his chosen city, county 
and territory, he loses no opportunity of advo- 
cating progressive measures and by his means, 
as well as by his influence, has aided in the great 
work of advancement. He bears the reputation 
of being "liberal to a fault," and his kindly 
nature' and optimistic views life of cheer many 
a person in his battle with adversity. 

In a mining country the commercial import- 
ance of its cities depends largely upon the num- 

ber and value of the mines by which they are 
surrounded. Undoubtedly it would be a great 
surprise to the inhabitants of eastern cities of 
the same population to learn what an amount 
of business is transacted in Prescott annually. 
Though by no means limited, the local trade is 
but one of the resources of our merchants, for 
the numerous mining camps, dotted here and 
there among the mountains of this section of the 
county, contribute materially to the wealth of 
Prescott, as most of their supplies are obtained 
here. Prominent among the dealers in general 
merchandise and miners' necessaries is the R. H. 
Burmister & Sons Co., whose spacious new 
store is ranked with the largest and handsomest 
establishments in this territory. It is centrally 
located, being on Curley street, and is 50x125 
feet in dimensions. 

The senior member of this prosperous firm, 
Robert H. Burmister, was born in Mecklen- 
burg-Schwerin, Germany, August 17, 1847. 
With, his parents, Frederick and Bernadine (Zel- 
lener) Burmister, he crossed the ocean when 
three years of age and at first lived in Buffalo, 
N. Y., whence the family removed to Cleveland, 
Ohio. After eleven years of residence in that 
city, they made several changes of location and 
finally settled upon a farm near Indianola, Iowa. 
Agricultural pursuits were not to the liking of 
young Robert, who from childhood displayed a 
strong bent toward business, and from the age 
of fifteen practically has made his own way in 
the world. In 1864 he left home and four years 
later entered the dry goods house of Clark & 
Forbes, of Oshkosh, Wis. At first employed as 
a clerk on a small salary, he soon won the good 
will of his employers, who promoted him until 
he held the best-salaried position in the house. 

In 1873 Mr. Burmister married Margaret F., 
daughter of ex-Gov. Coles Bashford,- of Wiscon- 
sin, later member of congress from Arizona, 
who for several years had spent much of his time 
in this territory and at the time of his daughter's 
marriage was upon the point of removing his 
family west. Joining them, Mr. Burmister and 
his bride spent some months in San Diego, Cal., 
and:in May, .1874, took up their permanent resi- 
dence in Prescott. They have two sons and a 
daughter, of whom they have reason to be 
proud, namely: Robert B., Howard C., and 



Helen F. Mr. and Mrs Burmister and their 
daughter are identified with the Congregational 

Becoming a member of the firm of L. Bash- 
ford & Co., Mr. Burmister was connected with 
the same for many years, gradually advancing in 
prosperity. In 1886, when L. Bashford retired 
from the firm, it became Bashford & Burmister, 
and in 1892 it was organized as a stock com- 
pany, R. H. Burmister being president. In 
1900 he withdrew from the business, and in part- 
nership with his sons, started an independent 
enterprise. He is the president of the R. H. 
Burmister & Sons Co., Robert B. being secre- 
tary and treasurer, and Howard C. vice-presi- 
dent. Notwithstanding the severe losses and 
business depression occasioned here by the 
great fire of July, 1900, the firm transacted a 
fine wholesale and retail trade, having increased 
its business more than threefold within the year. 
Mr. Burmister has expended a vast amount of 
money in developing the mineral resources of 
Arizona, and never has relinquished his deep in- 
terest in mining properties. Politically, he is a 
stanch Republican, and served on the board of 
equalization under Governor McCord. Justly 
popular with the public, he was a candidate for 
the mayoralty in the fall of 1900, and was elected 
by a handsome majority. 


During the fifteen years of Mr. Johnstone's 
residence in or near Phoenix, he has been thor- 
oughly interested in everything pertaining to 
its progress, and has contributed much to its 
welfare. Since January, 1894, he has been a 
justice of the peace, the first time by appoint- 
ment, and twice, subsequently, by election, his 
majorities -being large even in decided Demo- 
cratic distncts. August 3, 1897, he was honored 
by appointment of Governor McCord with the 
important post of treasurer of Arizona, in which 
capacity he served until a change of adminis- 
tration. For seven years and at the present 
time he has been the county coroner of Maricopa 
county, and in addition to this is the commis- 
sioner of the United States court. 

In tracing the career of this sterling citizen 
it is learned that he is of Scotch ancestrv on 

the paternal side. His grandfather, James 
Johnstone, was a life-long resident of the land 
of the "thistle and heather," and the father, 
James B. Johnstone, was born near Edinburgh. 
At the age of eighteen he came to the United 
States, and settling in Louisville, Ky., engaged 
in merchandising there until his death, which 
took place before the Civil war. He had been 
well educated in the University of Edinburgh, 
and was reared as a Presbyterian, but, becoming" 
more liberal in his religious views, identified 
himself with the Universalists. - His wife, Ellen 
C., was a daughter of James T. Worthington, 
and was born in Mercer county, Ky.' Her father 
likewise was a native of Kentucky, and her 
mother, Mary T. (Slade) Worthington, was born 
in Maryland. Mrs. Johnstone departed this life 
in 1867. Her elder son, Edward, who served 
as adjutant of the Fifth Kentucky Infantry 
throughout the Civil war, died in Denver, Colo. 

The birth of Charles W. Johnstone took place 
in Louisville, Ky., March i, 1842. Reared in 
that city, he received a liberal education in the 
common and high schools, and at the age of 
eighteen entered upon a career as a railroad 
man, in which line he was destined to give more 
than two decades of his life. Though reared 
under the influences which upheld slavery, the 
young man early became a pronounced aboli- 

Hoping that the dry air and sunshine of Ari- 
zona might be of benefit to his daughter, Mr. 
Johnstone came to Arizona in 1886, and, buy- 
ing a ranch situated about three miles northwest 
of Phoenix, operated it for a year. In 1887 he 
bought the Phoenix "Gazette," and for five 
years managed that journal. Then, having be- 
come greatly interested in horticulture, he lo- 
cated upon a forty-acre ranch, seven miles north 
of the city, on the Arizona canal, started an 
orange orchard, and, having carefully attended 
to it until it was in full bearing condition, sold 
it in 1900. Success has blessed his business 
undertakings, and from time to time he had 
made good investments in city property. About 
five years ago he was admitted to the bar under 
Judge Baker. He has been the president of 
the board of the Arizona Normal, a member 
of the territorial board of education and insur- 
ance commissioners. In the societies he is con- 



nected with the Order of Elks and is a Mason 
in high standing, being a charter member of 
Phoenix Commandery No. 3, K. T., of which 
he is past excellent commander; and being a 
member of El Zaribah Temple, N. M. S. He 
belonged to the famous drill corps of DeMolay 
Commandery in Louisville, that received numer- 
ous prizes in different parts of the United States. 
Like his ancestors, a Presbyterian in creed, Mr. 
Johnstone has been president of the board of 
trustees of the Phoenix Church, and is liberal 
to religious enterprises. 


A goodly share of the prosperity and substan- 
tial growth which has visited Globe during re- 
cent years is directly traceable to the untiring 
and intelligent efforts of one of her most capable 
and large-hearted citizens, Mr. Hitchcock. 
Twenty-two years ago, shortly after the first 
great nuggets had been found in the vicin- 
ity, and a few hardy miners had penetrated 
beyond the "dead line" (by which name 
Final creek, the western boundary of the 
Apache reservation was known), Mr. Hitchcock 
came here and industriously sought to wrest 
from Mother Earth a share of her hidden wealth. 
Armed with nothing but a dogged perseverance 
and a determination to succeed, he was enabled, 
at the end of two years, to start a little drug 
business in the camp, his stock being packed on 
mules and brought from Casa Grande. This 
was the first exclusive drug enterprise in Globe, 
and the venture was inaugurated in an adobe 
house. With the increase of population a frame 
building succeeded the adobe house, and later 
still, when the practically inexhaustible supply 
of silver was abandoned for the more remunera- 
tive copper, and a substantial basis had replaced 
the visionary dreams of the early adventurers, 
a modern structure became the home of the 
drug enterprise, and is by far the most complete 
store in this part of Arizona. Two stories in 
height, and 25x60 feet in dimensions, on a lot 
25x100 feet, it is fitted out with plate-glass win- 
dows and beautiful and artistic fixtures. Of 
pressed brick and with iron front, the upper part 
is arranged for the offices of doctors and attor- 
neys, who are as conveniently housed as are 

the members of the professions in larger and 
much older cities. 

Nor does this modern store represent the ex- 
tent of the possessions won by the push and 
energy of Mr. Hitchcock. He also owns four 
houses and a large plot of ground on top of a 
hill adjacent to Main street, which constitutes 
the best residence locality in the city. These 
houses are kept in good repair and are in con- 
stant demand by renters. The yards are large 
and well irrigated by a well and four thousand 
gallon tank, with pipes constructed by the 
owner. One of the dwellings is occupied by 
him. In addition, Mr. Hitchcock is extensively 
engaged in mining, and owns ten good copper 
claims, which are well developed. At present 
he is preparing to ship ore, and anticipates good 
results in the future from his mining ventures. 

The state of Ohio has furnished many sons 
who have aided in the development of Arizona. 
Mr. Hitchcock was born in Chillicothe, Ohio, in 
1854, and is a son of Samuel and Matilda Hitch- 
cock, natives respectively of Massachusetts and 
Ohio. The father was one of the very early set- 
tlers of Ohio, having gone there about 1830. 
The mother was born, reared and died on the 
farm which witnessed the birth of her son, H. 
C. Until his twenty-second year he remained 
under the home shelter and then went to Athens, 
Tenn., and entered the East Tennessee Wes- 
leyan University, the president of which was his 
half-brother, John F. Spence, LL. D., now chan- 
cellor of the American University of Harriman, 
at Harriman, Tenn. Here he finished his educa- 
tion which was supplemented by a course in phar- 
macy, in which he was graduated in June of 1879, 
going immediately thereafter to Globe, Ariz. 

December 4, 1888, Mr. Hitchcock married 
Caroline Oates, a daughter of Philip and Anna 
Oates, residents of Globe. Of this union there 
have been four children, Leslie, Lillian, Ben and 
Harley. The children are all living at home and 
are attending school. In politics Mr. Hitchcock 
is a Republican, and is a. strict party man. He 
was county treasurer of Gila county for four 
years, his term of service extending from 1894 
until 1898. With his wife and children, he is a 
devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and in 1881, when the church of that 
denomination was erected, Mr. Hitchcock 


helped in the building of the same, and put on 
the first coat of paint. Among the Odd Fellows 
he exerts a wide influence, and is a charter mem- 
ber and past grand master of the jurisdiction of 
Arizona. At the present time he is past grand 
patriarch in the Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows, 
and was a member of the Grand Lodge and En- 
campment at Globe in 1900. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hitchcock are members of the Rebekahs. 


While the duration of his residence in Arizona 
covers a comparatively few years only, Judge 
Davis has, owing to his prominence in judicial 
circles, become a well-known figure of the terri- 
torial life. He is a native of Ohio and was born 
in Logan county December 13, 1861. At the 
age of seventeen years he was graduated from 
the Wapakoneta high school, after which he 
turned his attention to the study of law, and was 
admitted to the bar when twenty-one years of 
age. Immediately afterward he began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Wapakoneta, where he 
soon became known as a rising lawyer and pro- 
gressive citizen. Mean time he identified him- 
self with public affairs and took an active part in 
the Republican party and its work in Ohio, be- 
coming in this way acquainted with President 
McKinley, between whom and himself a per- 
sonal friendship sprung up. 

In July, 1897, he was appointed an associate 
justice of the supreme court of Arizona, his ap- 
pointment having been a personal one, made by 
the president himself. Accepting the commis- 
sion, the Judge removed his family to Tucson, 
where, in addition to his duties in the supreme 
court, he presides over the district court of the 
first judicial district of the territory. 

Covering a period of many years, Judge Thur- 
mond has practiced law in Kentucky, Texas and 
Arizona, and wherever his lot has been cast has 
won an enviable reputation as an exponent of 
legal science and as a legislator, and as a man 
and citizen of unblemished honor and unques- 
tioned allegiance to the best interests of friends 
and townspeople. The earlier part of his life 
was spent in Kentucky. He was born in Car- 

roll county, Tenn., October i, 1839, but has 
always regarded himself as a Kentuckian. His 
parents, Philip and Rebecca Ann (Snead) Thur- 
mond, were natives respectively of Kentucky 
and Tennessee. The family has long been rep- 
resented in America, and great-grandfather 
Cartwright was a courageous soldier in the Rev- 
olutionary war. 

After an education acquired in the public 
schools, Mr. Thurmond received an almost in- 
stant recognition of his ability, for when but 
twenty-nine years of age he represented Lyon 
and Caldwell counties in the Kentucky legisla- 
ture, and was at the time the youngest member 
of the house, his term of service extending from 
1869 to 1871. With the breaking out of the 
Civil war he enlisted in the First Kentucky Bat- 
tery (Cobb's Battery), which formed a part of 
the division commanded by Gen. J. C. Breck- 
inridge, and served the Confederacy until the 
termination of hostilities. In 1871 he removed 
to Texas, and for seven years was engaged in 
the practice of law, migrating in 1879 to Tucson, 
Ariz., where he continued to practice for a short 
time. A subsequent place of residence was 
Tombstone, Cochise county, from which he re- 
moved in 1883, having in the meantime been 
interested in mining and the practice of law. 
Upon coming to Clifton, Graham county, in 
1883, he was further interested in mining, in 
connection with law, and in 1891 represented 
Graham county in the territorial council. After 
a short residence in Solomonville he located in 
Globe in the fall of 1891, and in 1896 filled out 
an unexpired term as district attorney. In 1898 
he was elected probate judge', his term of service 
extending to December 31, 1900. His adminis- 
tration was well received, and tempered with a 
maturity of judgment and excellence of ad- 
justment that won the approval of even his polit- 
ical antagonists. 

One of the finest homes in Globe is owned 
and occupied by Judge Thurmond, and he is 
prominently associated with the material and 
social life of the place. In politics a Democrat, 
he is actively interested in the various issues 
that are developed in the party from time to 
time. Fraternally he is connected with the Chap- 
ter Masons, which organization he joined di- 
rectlv after the war. 




A member of an old and distinguished Penn- 
sylvania family. General Christ was born in 
Beaver county of that state. He was the young- 
est of seven sons, six of whom served in the 
Civil war in an Iowa regiment, and two lost their 
lives for their country. Two were promoted to 
the rank of officers. The father was one of the 
early settlers of the vicinity of Cleveland, Ohio, 
and later removed with his wife and sons to 
Clayton county, Iowa, where he was one of 
the successful pioneer farmers. His son George 
continued to farm until 1867, and then set- 
tled in Des Moiiies, Iowa, where he engaged 
in the merchandise business. He became 
prominent in political and other affairs, and was 
chief of police of Des Moines for four years. 
Later he went to Washington, D. C., as chief 
of a division in the interior department, and 
was then a special agent of the treasury depart- 

In 1882 Mr. Christ came to Arizona and held 
a position in the district from El Paso to San 
Francisco, and with the change from President 
Arthur's to the succeeding administration, went 
out of politics for a time and engaged in mining 
in Sonora, Mexico. While thus employed he 
incorporated the Le-Andreana Gold Mining 
Company, with himself as president and man- 
ager. When President Harrison came into 
power he went to Washington and secured the 
segregation of the customs district of Arizona 
from the El Paso district, and was appointed first 
collector of customs, and in this connection es- 
tablished the post of entry at Nogales. During 
the following administration Mr. Christ again be- 
came interested in mining, and in 1897 was ap- 
pointed by President McKinley surveyor-general 
. of Arizona. 

As a stanch Republican Mr. Christ has been 
identified with the most prominent undertakings 
of his party, and has invariably wielded a wide 
influence on the side of progressive methods and 
issues. He has been active in the territorial 
committees and served as national committee- 
man of Arizona from 1888 to 1892, also was a 
delegate to the national conventions at Chicago 
and Minneapolis. In 1896 he was prominently 
identified with the work of the National League 

of Republican Clubs, and served as financial 
agent of the league. Fraternally he is a Mason. 
Mr. Christ was united in marriage with 
Mary Forney, a native of Wisconsin, and of 
this union there are two sons and four daughters, 
viz.: Amy, who is now Mrs. M. H. Jones, of 
Tucson; Elizabeth, the wife of C. O. Nourse, of 
Des Moines; Charles, who is a member of the 
Fourth United States Light Artillery, and is now 
serving in the Philippines; Mary, who is the wife 
of Edward Titcomb, of Nogales; George, Jr., 
and Catherine, who make their home with their 
parents. General and Mrs. Christ are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 


Unquestionably one of the ablest members of 
the Arizona bar to-day is he of whom the fol- 
lowing sketch is penned. That his marked abil- 
ity and executive talents are recognized and 
appreciated, and that he enjoys great popularity 
with the general public, have been plainly mani- 
fested, time and again, within the past decade, 
for though Yavapai county is strongly Demo- 
cratic and he is a stanch Republican, as 
his party's nominee, he has been elected 
by good majorities. It is needless to say that he 
has fully justified the confidence thus reposed 
in him, and no eulogy, save the bare records of 
the work which he has accomplished in the inter- 
ests of the people, is required to perpetuate his 
name and fame. 

In view of the disadvantages under which his 
father, Hon. A. L. Morrison, labored in his 
youth, he, too, is a really remarkable man. He 
was born in Ballycastle, county Antrim, Ire- 
land, and as the little schooling which he en- 
joyed was received prior to his twelfth year, he 
is truly self-educated. Nature endowed him 
with talents of no mean order, and to-day he is 
a well-known public speaker, having the power 
to move his audiences to tears or laughter. In 
the Republican party he is an influential factor 
in New Mexico, and on many an occasion has 
scored triumphs for that grand political organi- 
zation. When seventeen years of age he came 
to the United States, and soon proved his devo- 
tion to the land of his choice by enlisting in its 



army and taking part in the Mexican war in a 
New York regiment. A chairmaker by trade, 
he followed that calling in New York City and 
in Troy, N. Y., for many years. About 1853 he 
located in Chicago, and while industriously pur- 
suing his usual occupation and providing for the 
needs of his family, the ambitious young man 
took up the study of law by himself. Having 
passed the examination required, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar of Illinois in 1868, and con- 
tinued actively engaged in practice in Chicago 
until 1881. For a number of years he served 
as a police magistrate on the west side of the 
city, and made a fine record. In 1881 he was 
appointed by President Arthur as United States 
marshal of New Mexico, with his headquarters 
at Santa Fe. Going to that point he met his 
responsibilities nobly and continued actively 
occupied in practice until 1885. Under Harri- 
son's administration he was the registrar of 
United States land office at Santa Fe, holding 
that position until 1893. He is a personal friend 
of President McKinley, and was appointed by 
him to the post of collector of internal revenues 
of the district of New Mexico and Arizona, with 
headquarters at Santa Fe. With his sons he was 
financially interested in the cattle business in 
Arizona for a number of years, their ranch 
being in Apache county, at the headwaters of 
the Little Colorado river. While in Illinois he 
served in the legislature during the sessions of 
1871-2, in which the revised constitution of the 
state was adopted. Now about three-score and 
ten years of age, he is still hale and hearty, 
retaining to the full his distinguished mental 
powers. Throughout his life he has been a great 
student, and is so well posted on contemporary 
history and national politics that he is looked 
upon as an authority. 

The loved wife and companion of Judge A. 
L. Morrison bore the maiden name of Jane 
Clark. She was also of Irish descent, and was 
born in Troy, N. Y., and died in July, 1899. 
They had two daughters and five sons. A. L., 
Jr., is his father's chief clerk ; John V., who was 
a sergeant in the Rough Riders regiment dur- 
ing the late war, is the manager of a large sheep 
ranch near Socorro, N. M., and has been exten- 
sively engaged in the cattle business in these 
two territories; Hugh O'Neil is employed in the 

auditor's office of the Santa Fe, at Los Angeles, 
Cal. ; and Joseph. E. is an attorney of Prescott. 

Hon. Robert E. Morrison was born July 13, 
1856, in Chicago, 111., and was reared in that 
city. Having completed the high school course 
there he entered the Union College of Law of 
that metropolis, and was graduated therefrom 
in 1877, being admitted to the bar previously, 
before the supreme court. Then until the fall 
of 1883 he was engaged in practice in Chicago, 
and that year came to Arizona. Establishing a 
ranch at the head of the Little Colorado river, 
in Apache county, he continued in the cattle 
business there for three years. 

In 1886 Mr. Morrison was elected county 
judge of the Apache county court, being ex- 
officio probate judge and superintendent of 
schools also. He assumed the duties of his 
office in January, 1887. and though the legisla- 
ture abolished the county court the same year, 
he succeeded in disposing of an immense 
amount of business in the mean time. In his 
court the grand jury returned thirty indictments 
against horse and cattle thieves, for the county 
was literally overrun by those outlaws, and this 
severe treatment by the administrators of the 
law caused that class to clear out of the county. 
Resuming his law practice at the expiration of 
his term, Mr. Morrison was located at St. Johns 
until the autumn of 1891, when he permanently 
settled in Prescott. Under appointment he had 
served as judge of the probate court and ex- 
officio superintendent of schools of Apache 
county, his term expiring at the close of 1888. 

In 1892 he was elected district attorney of 
Yavapai county, which, as is well known, is 
strongly Democratic. At the close of his term 
he was triumphantly re-elected, and thus 
officiated in that responsible office from January 
I, 1893, to January i, 1897. In February, 1898,. 
he was appointed by President McKinley United 
States attorney for Arizona, and since entering 
upon his new duties he has efficiently and satis- 
factorily discharged his obligations. His pri- 
vate practice has steadily grown in importance 
and volume during all of these years, and he is 
looked upon as one of the finest authorities on 
the laws pertaining to corporations and mining 
that we have in this territory. Probably for this 
reason his clients come from far and near, and 



by no means is his practice limited to the boun- 
daries of his own county. He is a member of 
the Territorial and American Bar Associations. 
The marriage of Mr. Morrison and Lizzie A. 
Kneipp, a native of Chicago, and a member of 
one of the oldest families in America, was sol- 
emnized in that city. Mrs. Morrison was for 
years a leading church choir singer and, as Miss 
Lizzie Klar, was well known in musical circles 
in Chicago. 


A volume depicting the lives of well-known 
men of Arizona would be incomplete were no 
mention made of ex-Governor Tritle, who for 
years has been intimately identified with' the de- 
velopment of the territory and has been a 
prominent factor in its progress and growth. 
Born near Chambersburg, Pa., he is a descend- 
ant of German ancestry through his grandfather, 
John Tritle, a farmer of Pennsylvania. His 
parents, Frederick and Martha (Cooke) Tritle, 
were born near Chambersburg, and spent their 
entire lives upon a farm in that locality. They 
became the parents of three sons and two 
daughters. One of the sons, John, who served 
as a lieutenant during the Civil war, died in 
Pennsylvania, and another son, George, died in 
Indiana. The mother was a daughter of David 
Cooke, a farmer in Pennsylvania and the 
descendant of Scotch ancestors. 

The youngest of the family, Frederick A., was 
born on the home farm August 7, 1833. At the 
age of twelve years, his father having died, he 
accompanied his mother to Chambersburg and 
there attended the academy for several years. 
Beginning the study of law on the conclusion of 
his academic studies, he was admitted to the bar 
April 10, 1855, and immediately began the prac- 
tice of his profession in his native town. How- 
ever, six months later he went to Iowa, settling 
in Des Moines, where, in addition to a general 
practice, he carried on a land business with 
Henry C. Nutt, afterward president of the At- 
lantic & Pacific Railroad. In 1857 he removed 
to Council Bluffs, Iowa, where he embarked in 
a banking and land business as a member of 
the firm of H. C. Nutt & Co., meantime con- 
tinuing his land business in Des Moines under 

the firm name of F. A. Tritle & Co. The latter 
partnership was dissolved in 1858 and the next 
year he closed out the business in Council Bluffs 
and started across the plains for California, 
where he arrived in the fall of 1859. February 
of the next year found him in Carson City, Nev., 
where he engaged in the mercantile business 
for two years and at the same time acquired 
some important mining interests. 

After his marriage, in the fall of 1862, Mr. 
Tritle removed to Virginia City, Nev., and 
there, in 1863, he organized the Belcher Mining 
Company, of which he was chosen president. 
This proved a most fortunate venture. Success 
followed in the steps of the company. For sev- 
eral years large dividends were paid the stock- 
holders, and the concern became known as one 
of the most profitable in all the west. However, 
in 1867, the upper levels were exhausted, and 
although prospecting was continued for some 
time, no rich developments resulted. When the 
corporation, which had been organized in 
Nevada, changed to California, in 1868, he re- 
signed his connection with the same. 

In spite of the engrossing and responsible 
nature of his private business affairs, Mr. Tritle 
was interested in public matters from the earliest 
period of his residence in the west. By his fel- 
low-citizens he was recognized as a man pos- 
sessing qualities that eminently fitted him for 
the public service. In 1866 he was elected to the 
senate of Nevada, which two years before had 
been admitted to the Union and about the time 
of his election had been bounded by its present 
limits. As a member of the first state senate, 
his duties were of a most important character. 
He was appointed chairman of the committee on 
ways and means, and was instrumental in in- 
augurating a system of taxing the proceeds of 
mines, thereby putting the state upon a solid 
financial basis. The services which he rendered 
the state were of such a valuable nature that the 
people of his party (the Republican) determined 
to place him in nomination for the office of 
governor of Nevada. Resigning the office of 
senator, he gave his attention to the canvass for 
the gubernatorial chair, but, while making a 
splendid run, he was defeated by Mr. Bradley, 
the Democratic candidate. 

At the time of the completion of the Central 



Pacific Railroad, in 1869, Mr. Tritle was ap- 
pointed a United States commissioner to receive 
and examine the road. As a member of the 
Nevada commission, he presented the solid sil- 
ver spike for Nevada that was driven in at the 
connecting point of the two lines. This he pre- 
sented, with the Nevada sentiment, "To the iron 
of the east and the gold of the west, Nevada 
adds her link of silver to span the continent and 
wed the oceans." 

During 1871 Mr. Tritle embarked in the stock 
brokerage business in Virginia City, Nev., where 
he continued until November, 1880. However, 
the cares incident to the management of his 
large business, added to the anxieties connected 
with the various mining interests that he pos- 
sessed, proved too great a strain upon his health, 
and he was obliged to seek a change of climate. 
For this reason he came to Arizona in the latter 
part of 1880, and since then his history has 
been, to a large extent, the history of Arizona, 
his own success having been won simultane- 
ously with the progress and development of the 
territory. After the death of President Garfield, 
he was appointed, by President Arthur, gov- 
ernor of Arizona, February 6, 1882. His previous 
experience in public affairs in Nevada rendered 
him peculiarly fitted for this responsible task, 
and he acquitted himself honorably and well as 
the chief executive of the territory, continuing 
as such until October, 1885, when a change in 
politics of the national administration caused 
him to resign. 

Since coming to Arizona, Governor Tritle has 
been interested in important mining concerns. 
Having bought and developed the United Verde 
group of mines, he organized the United Verde 
Company, which continued until $100,000 had 
been distributed among the stockholders ; how- 
ever, on account of a reduction in copper, the 
mine was closed down and the company dis- 
solved. Since then he has had other mining 
interests, that have taken much of his time and 
thought. In 1894 he was elected county re- 
corder of Yavapai county, which he held until 
January, 1897. President McKinley in 1899 a P" 
pointed him supervisor of the census of Arizona, 
and as such he had charge of the taking of the 
census for the territory in 1900. Fraternally, 
he was made a Mason in Council Bluffs, Iowa, 

and was raised to the chapter and commandery 
in Virginia City. 

In Sacramento, Cal., Mr. Tritle married Miss 
Jane Catherine Hereford, who was born in 
Springfield, Mo. Her father was Francis Here- 
ford and her mother was a daughter of Gov- 
ernor Henry S. Foote, of Mississippi. The fam- 
ily of Governor and Mrs. Tritle consists of one 
daughter and four sons, viz. : Catherine ; Fred- 
erick A., Jr., whose sketch appears on another 
page of this work ; Frank Hereford, a graduate 
of Yale College, and an electrical engineer, who 
died in Lynn, Mass., at the age of twenty-four 
years; John Stewart, an electrical engineer in 
St. Louis, Mo. ; and Harry Russell, assistant 
secretary of Arizona, of whom mention is made 
elsewhere in this work.. 


A descendant of a Virginia family that settled 
in Kentucky in a very early day, ex-Governor 
Franklin was born in Maysville, Ky. His edu- 
cation was excellent, being obtained principally 
in the college at Kentucky Center. During the 
days when Kansas was the seat of the contest 
between the pro-slavery element and the 
free-state party, he settled in Leavenworth 
and engaged in the practice of law, gain- 
ing such prominence and influence that 
he was chosen to represent his district 
in the state senate. However, the war coining 
on, his plans were changed and he determined 
to enter the Confederate army. As a captain 
under General Bragg, he remained at the front 
for four years, until the southern army was 
forced to lay down its arms. He then went to 
Missouri, but, not being permitted to practice 
law, he gave his attention to the management 
of his farm near Columbia. In 1868 he opened 
an office in Kansas City and later served for 
six years as prosecuting attorney of Jackson 
county, after which he resumed his private prac- 

Soon he became a factor in public life. In 
1874 he was elected to congress from the fifth 
Missouri district and two years later was re- 
elected, serving for four years. During 1 this 
time he was chairman of the committee on ter- 
ritories and introduced a bill for the organization 



of Oklahoma Territory, which, however, failed 
to pass at the time. The provision of the bill 
was to allot lands to Indians in severally, which 
policy has since been adopted by the govern- 
ment. Through his efforts the first federal build- 
ing was secured for Kansas City and the first 
United States court established there. Under 
the administration of President Cleveland, in 
1885, he accepted an appointment as United 
States consul to Han-Kow, China, the largest 
tea market in the world, where he spent the next 
five years. Returning to this country in 1890, 
he spent two years in Los Angeles and in 1892 
settled in Phoenix, where he engaged in the 
practice of the law. On the removal of Gov- 
ernor Hughes, March 30, 1896, he was ap- 
pointed governor of Arizona, and continued in 
this responsible office until July 20, 1897, re- 
signing upon the change of administration. Re- 
tiring from the gubernatorial chair, he resumed 
the practice of law, but his health soon became 
so seriously affected that continuance in pro- 
fessional work was impossible. He died May 18, 

The marriage of Mr. Franklin united him with 
Miss Anna Johnstone, of Missouri, and now a 
resident of Phoenix. They became the parents 
of three children, namely: Mary, of Phoenix; 
James, who has a ranch near this city; and 
Alfred, who was his father's private secretary 
during his term as governor, and from 1897 to 
1898 served as assistant United States district 
attorney, since which time he has engaged in 
the practice of law in Phoenix. Both sons, like 
their father, are stanch adherents of the Demo- 
cratic party. 


This influential representative of the bar in 
Tucson was born in Dublin, Wayne county, 
Ind., August 6, 1858. The family of which he 
is a member trace their descent through English 
history to one Sir Astley Cooper, the famous 
surgeon, who lived from 1768 until 1841. The 
first of the name to emigrate to America came at 
a very early day and identified their fortunes 
with the state of Massachusetts. The paternal 
grandfather, Ezekiel, was born in Virginia, 
where he in time became a planter on a large 

scale, subsequently removing to Wayne county, 
Ind. He was a first cousin of J. Fenimore 
Cooper, the novelist, who was a contemporary 
of Sir Astley. Ezekiel Cooper served in the war 
of 1812, and lived to be ninety-three years of 
age. The family have a vein of longevity, for 
Ezekiel's brother, John, was killed in a railroad 
accident at the advanced age of one hundred 
and four years. 

Prof. John Cooper, the father of William, was 
one of the prominent educators of his day. A 
native of the Shenandoah valley in Virginia, he 
removed with his parents, when six years of age, 
to Randolph county, Ind., where he spent the 
greater part of his youth. A graduate of Miami 
University at Oxford, Ohio, he was a classmate 
of ex-President Harrison, and Thomas Marshall 
of Kentucky, and upon graduating received the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts, later becoming a 
Master of Arts. From his sixteenth to his 
seventy-second year he was engaged in educa- 
tional work in Indiana, and during the fifty-six 
years was at times superintendent of the schools 
at Richmond, Evansville, Winchester, and Dub- 
lin. He is a member of the Methodist church, 
and is at present residing in Indianapolis, Ind. 
His wife, formerly Mary Witt, was of German 
descent, and was born in Dublin, Ind., a 
daughter of Dr. Caleb Witt, a native of White 
county, Tenn., and one of the organizers of the 
old Wayne agricultural works. After graduat- 
ing from the Eclectic Medical College at Cin- 
cinnati, he was for a time professor of that insti- 
tution and later settled in Dublin, where he prac- 
ticed medicine and manufactured agricultural 
implements for the greater part of his life. He 
was one of the trustees of the Otterbein Univer- 
sity, at Westerville, Ohio, organized in 1849, 
under the direction of the United Brethren 
Church, of which he was a member. His useful 
and noble life reached eighty-seven years. Mrs. 
Cooper, who is sixty years of age, is the mother 
of two sons and two daughters, of whom one 
daughter is deceased. Emma, who married H. 
B. Stratton, died in Leaven worth ; Nellie is liv- 
ing in Indianapolis, and H. Orville is a guard at 
the Yuma territorial penitentiary. 

Until fifteen years of age William Cooper 
lived in Indiana, and received his education in 
the public schools, graduating from the Rich- 



mond high school in 1873. After attending the 
Otterbein University for a year, he entered the 
military academy at Peeksville, N. Y., and was 
graduated in June of 1877 at the head of his 
class. After graduating from the academy 
at Peekskill, he located in Richmond and 
read law with William A. Peele, ex-lieuten- 
ant governor of Indiana, but was subse- 
quently obliged to seek a change of climate and 
occupation owing to failing health. Following 
the advice of physicians and friends he sought 
the west in 1878, and for a time lived in Pueblo, 
Colo., and in December of the same year went 
to Leadville. While engaged in prospecting and 
mining he contracted a severe case of pneumo- 
nia, and after recovering returned to his former 
home in Indiana. In 1880 he went to the Pa- 
cific coast, and visited various towns along the 
sea, finally settling on a cattle ranch at Gilroy, 
Cal., where he found perfect health and spirits 
from association with outdoor life and two years 
spent in the saddle. During this time he gained 
avoirdupois from one hundred and seventeen to 
one hundred and sixty-nine pounds. 

After a short trip to the east in 1883 Mr. 
Cooper returned to the sunshine and promise 
of California. For a time he engaged in various 
journalistic ventures throughout the state, and 
in 1891 located in Kingman, Ariz. He subse- 
quently accepted a position on the Phoenix Ga- 
zette, and later bought the Florence Tribune, 
which paper he edited for fourteen months. In 
connection with the newspaper work he con- 
tinued his law studies and was admitted to the 
bar in Florence in 1894, since which he has 
been admitted to practice in the courts of 
Arizona, and also in the superior court of Cali- 
fornia. In 1896 Mr. Cooper sold out the Flor- 
ence Tribune and located in Tucson, as city edi- 
tor of the Tucson Citizen, which position he re- 
tained for ten months. A later occupation was 
in the office of Selim M. Franklin as stenog- 
rapher and legal assistant, and in 1898 he was 
nominated on the Republican ticket for district 
attorney. So satisfactory were Mr. Cooper's 
services that he was re-elected district attorney 
in 1900, his term of office extending from Jan- 
uary, 1899, until January, 1903. 

While living in Florence, Ariz., Mr. Cooper 
married Lizzie Douglass, a daughter of -James 

Douglass, one of the pioneers of Arizona, and 
first sheriff of Pima county. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Cooper have been born four children : John 
Douglass, Vida Ellen, Orville Witt, and Xulla 
Mathilda. In politics Mr. Cooper is a firm be- 
liever in the principles of the Republican party, 
and has served as a member of the territorial 
central committee, and is ex-secretary of the 
Pinal county central committee. For two years 
he was clerk of the territorial board of equaliza- 
tion. Fraternally he is associated with the Be- 
nevolent Protective Order of Elks, Foresters, 
Knights of Pythias, Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, and the Spanish Alliance. 


Harry R. Tritle, the popular assistant secre- 
tary of the territory of Arizona, was born in Vir- 
ginia City, Nev., September 30, 1874. His 
father, ex-Governor F. A. Tritle, of Prescott, 
Ariz., of whom extended mention is made in 
another part of this work, filled the guberna- 
torial chair of Arizona during the administration 
of President Arthur. 

As the youngest child among the five which 
comprised his father's family, Harry R. Tritle 
spent his days of extreme youth in Nevada, and 
in 1882 removed with his family to Prescott, 
Ariz. He here began his education in the public 
schools, and in 1887 entered the Hopkins Gram- 
mar School at New Haven, Conn., in anticipa- 
tion of a future entrance to Yale College. By 
the time he was graduated from the Grammar 
school in 1893 he had reconsidered his deter- 
mination to enter Yale, and returned to his home 
in the far west. In Prescott he entered the em- 
ploy of the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix Rail- 
road Company, and was time keeper during the 
construction of the road until 1896. He then 
entered the Prescott office of the recorder of 
Yavapai county for about a year, and in June of 
1897 was appointed by Secretary Akers as assist- 
ant secretary of the territory of Arizona, with 
headquarters at Phoenix. 

September 21, 1898, Mr. Tritle was united in 
marriage with Harriett Fisher, who was born in 
Prescott, Ariz. Her father, Hon. J. L. Fisher, 
who until his death was a large merchant in 
Prescott, was prominent in the political affairs 



of his city, and was at one time mayor of his 
adopted town, and also served as a member of 
the legislature. He was born in England, and 
possessed the substantial and reliable traits of 
character which we are wont to associate with 
the sons of our sister country. Mrs. Tritle is a 
woman of excellent education, and was gradu- 
ated from the Irving Institute in San Francisco. 
She is the mother of one child, Lloyd Hereford. 
Mr. Tritle represents the most enterprising of 
the younger element of business men in Phoenix, 
and is variously associated with the political, fra- 
ternal, and social institutions which enliven the 
city. In politics a Republican, he has served as 
president of the Young Men's Republican Club, 
and is a member of the county, executive and ter- 
ritorial committees. He is a member of the 
Maricopa Club, and of the Pi Sigma Tau. With 
his wife he is a member of and liberal con- 
tributor to the Episcopal Church. 


As corporation counsel of the Arizona Water 
Company, Mr. deary came to the territory from 
New York City in 1898, and is looking after 
the interests of the bondholders, and discharg- 
ing the arduous duties connected with his re- 
sponsible position in a manner highly creditable 
to all concerned. The four water-ways under 
his jurisdiction, and which are merged into the 
Arizona Water Company's enterprise, are the 
Arizona, Grand, Maricopa and the Salt River 
canals, in length, respectively, forty-two, thirty, 
twenty-eight and twenty-eight miles, making a 
total of one hundred and twenty-eight miles, 
and in addition, about nine hundred miles of 
laterals. In 1899 M f - Cleary was appointed gen- 
eral manager of the water company and is thus 
at the head of a concern which represents the 
life and vitality of the agricultural districts and 
is therefore the foundation of the prosperity of 
the territory. 

The life of Mr. Cleary has been an interesting 
one and has held some of the adventure which 
was merged into that of his latter clay ancestors. 
A native of the District of Columbia, he was 
born September 29, 1871, and is a son of Frank 
D. Cleary, a native of Virginia. The ancestral 
home of the family is Ireland and the paternal 

great-grandfather, Michael, was born in county 
Tipperary, Ireland. Owing to complicity in the 
revolution of 1798 he was forced to leave his 
native land and in company with several broth- 
ers sought the larger freedom and possibility of 
the United States. He settled in Virginia and 
became a planter on a large scale. The next in 
succession, his son William, was born in Vir- 
ginia in the dawn of the century in 1806, and 
when arrived at years of discretion interested 
himself in the fishing business at Opequon, Va., 
and was the owner of a busy sloop. During the 
Civil war he served as a confederate in a Vir- 
ginia regiment and subsequently died at Wash- 
ington at an advanced age. In his early man- 
hood he married Miss Hannah McLean, a sis- 
ter of Wilmer McLean, at whose residence in 
Appomattox General Lee surrendered to Gen- 
eral Grant. 

Frank D. Cleary, the father of W. B., was 
reared and educated in Virginia, and early dis- 
played an ambitious spirit which saw beyond the 
borders of his native state. In 1852 he crossed 
the intervening plains and arrived in the far 
west and in time found himself in Utah, where 
he became clerk in the quartermaster's depart- 
ment in Pope's expedition against the Mormons. 
When the Civil war intercepted the peace of the 
country his sympathies were on the side of the 
Confederacy and he served with the rank of ma- 
jor on Gen. Henry A. Wise's staff until captured 
as a spy. After nine months' imprisonment at 
Fort Delaware he was sentenced to be shot, 
but the sentence was later commuted to parol- 
ment, through the kindly interest of Archbishop, 
afterward Cardinal, McClosky, who was the 
uncle of the mother of Mr. Cleary, and Arch- 
bishop Hughes. Pending the time when peace 
should be declared he was sent to Europe and 
remained there until the trouble arose between 
France and Mexico, when he courageously de- 
cided to go to Mexico and enlist in the service 
of the unfortunate Maximillian. A subsequent 
and wiser resolution resulted in his return to 
Virginia and his later removal to Washington, 
where he engaged in the real-estate business, 
and where he died in 1899. 

The mother of Mr. Cleary was formerly Eliza- 
beth Mullen, who was born in Philadelphia, a 
daughter of Edward Mullen, a native of the 



north of Ireland. Edward Mullen immigrated 
to America at an early day, in company with his 
four brothers, and assumed charge of a Phila- 
delphia branch of a wholesale tobacco business, 
which was also represented in New Orleans, 
Boston and New York. He died while on a 
business trip to California. Airs. Cleary is now 
living in Washington, D. C.. and is the mother 
of five children, three sons and two daughters : 
Edward, the oldest, a resident of Washington, 
D. C. ; W. B., our subject ; Frank R.. who is 
living at Glendale, Ariz., ?nd is a zanjero in the 
employ of the Arizona Water Company ; Anna 
and Elizabeth, residents of Washington, D. C. 

The education of W. B. Cleary was acquired 
at a private school and at St. John's Institute, 
Washington, D. C., from which he was subse- 
quently graduated. He later entered George- 
town College in the sophomore year, but dis- 
continued study at that institution to take up 
the three years' course in the law department 
at the National University in Washington. After 
graduating in law in 1894 with the degrees of 
LL. B. and LL. M. he located in New York 
City and began the practice of his profession 
with the firm of Hornblower, Byrne, Taylor & 
Miller, at No. 45 William street. He was later 
with the firm of Hatch & Wicks, a corporative 
law concern, and in 1896 engaged in an inde- 
pendent practice with an office at No. 45 Cedar 
street, New York. 

A year later Mr. Cleary went to Alaska in the 
interest of eastern parties who desired him to 
pass judgment upon the merits of certain mining 
claims. His experiences in the gold regions 
were attended by extreme hardship and he found 
few inducements for a permanent residence or 
even large investment of capital. With sledges 
and dogs he succeeded, after weary days, in 
crossing the Chilcoot Pass, and upon arriving in 
Dawson was the possessor of seventy-five cents. 
Nevertheless, he got along fairly well until Sep- 
tember of 1898, and then built a boat and floated 
down the Yukon river to the mouth. On the 
trip to St. Michael's he shipped as an able sea- 
man, an unexpected adventure, and a hitherto 
unacknowledged ability. Upon returning from 
a trip to Golivan bay they encountered a severe 
storm and were driven to the coast of Siberia. 
The cost of food alone from Dawson to St. 

Michael's was $17.50. Arriving in Seattle in No- 
vember of 1898, Mr. Cleary at once departed 
for New York, and having reported to the pro- 
posed investors of Alaska mining stock received 
the appointment which resulted in his departure 
for Arizona. 

In Philadelphia, Pa., Mr. Cleary was united in 
marriage with Nellie Shoemaker, born in Cam- 
den, N. J., and a daughter of J. K. Shoemaker, 
who is passenger agent for the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company. To Mr. and Mrs. Cleary 
have been born three children: William B. (de- 
ceased), William F., and Nellie M. In addi- 
tion to the other interests which engaged his 
attention Mr. Cleary is a director in the San 
Domingo Gold and Copper Mining Company, 
which operates mines in the San Domingo and 
Trilby districts. In 1899 he was admitted to 
practice in the supreme court of Arizona. He 
is a member of the board of trade, president of 
the Young Men's Institute, and member of the 
Athletic club. In politics he is a Democrat, and 
is fraternally associated with the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks, the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen and the Fraternal Brother- 


Upon arriving at the threshold of manhood L. 
H. Manning decided to cast in his destiny with 
the great territory of Arizona which had but 
recently entered upon the progressive march to- 
wards civilization and power among the states 
of the west. He comes from another section of 
the old south, Mississippi, in which state his 
parents, and grandparents, on both sides of the 
family, were born and lived. His paternal 
grandfather, Reuben Manning, was a rich ami 
influential planter in the state mentioned 
throughout his life. The maternal grandfather 
was William W. Wallace, of the old and hon- 
ored Wallace family of Scotland. He owned a 
plantation in Mississippi and for some years was 
a merchant of Holly Springs, as well. 

The parents of the subject of this article were 
Hon. Van H. and Mary (Wallace) Manning, the 
former now deceased and the latter residing in 
Washington, D. C., where she has made her 
home for a number of years. During the Civil 
war the father enlisted in the Confederate army, 


and served until the close of the conflict with 
the rank of colonel of the Third Arkansas Regi- 
ment. Then, resuming his interrupted law prac- 
tice at Holly Springs, he continued in that voca- 
tion until he was honored by being elected as 
a member of congress at Washington, where he 
represented the second congressional district of 
Mississippi for ten years. His death took place 
a short time after his retirement from that of- 
fice, in 1893. In state and social circles and in 
the Masonic fraternity, with which he was identi- 
fied, he was held in high esteem, and to his chil- 
dren he left the proud record of a noble life and 
an unblemished name. 

Next to the eldest in a family comprising four 
sons and four daughters, L. H. Manning was 
born in Halifax county, N. C., May 18, 1864. 
His brother, Van H., Jr., is in charge of a gov- 
ernment surveying corps, and the younger 
brothers, J. R. and W. R., are interested in 
various Arizona enterprises with him. The 
higher education of L. H. Manning was ob- 
tained in the University of Mississippi, at Ox- 
ford. In the early spring of 1884 he came to 
Tucson. For two years he served in the ca- 
pacity of general manager of the Tucson Ice 
& Electric Light Company. During the latter 
part of President Cleveland's first administration 
he held the position of chief of the mineral de- 
partment in the office of the United States 
survey. In 1893 he was appointed surveyor- 
general of the same office, by Cleveland, and 
very creditably discharged the duties devolving 
upon him until 1896, when he resigned, owing to 
the multiplicity of his personal business interests. 

For the past five years Mr. Manning has de- 
voted the major share of his attention to mining 
in old S.onora, Mexico, where he has opened a 
number of mines. In June, 1900, he bought out 
the old firm of Norton & Drake, and this gen- 
eral mercantile house is now known as that of 
the L. H. Manning Company. Of this flourish- 
ing enterprise he is the president and manager. 
When favorable opportunities presented, he 
made investments in real estate in this city, and, 
in addition to the Owl Club, which he built, four 
substantial residences stand as monuments to 
his good taste and good business ability. In 
company with our well known citizen, Leo Gold- 
schmidt, he organized the Franklin Park Com- 

pany, and is its president and manager. Fra- 
ternally he is associated with the lodge and 
club of the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks. In political affairs he is a Democrat. 

The marriage of Mr. Manning and Miss 
Gussie Lovell took place at the home of her 
father, Judge Lovell, in 1897. She was born in 
San Jose, Cal. 


The well-known and popular postmaster of 
Tucson was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Septem- 
ber i, 1854, and is a son of Waldron J. Cheyney, 
a native of Chester county, that state, and a 
representative of an old English family which 
belonged to the Society of Friends and came to 
America with William Penn. Our subject's 
paternal grandfather, Waldron J. Cheyney, Sr., 
was a farmer of Chester county. The father 
served as captain on the staff of General Hall 
of New York in the Civil war. and was in the 
service from the opening of hostilities until 
Lee's surrender at Appomattox. For many 
years he has been a business man of Philadel- 
phia, and since 1877 has been largely interested 
in mining in Arizona and California. During 
this time he has made numerous trips to this 
territory, and was one of the original investors 
at Tombstone. In religious belief he is an Epis- 
copalian and in politics a Republican. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Frances Potts, is 
a native of Philadelphia, of which city her father, 
Edward Potts, was also a native and a prominent 
banker for many years. The Potts family is also 
connected with the Society of Friends and was 
founded in America during William Penn's time, 
their early home being on the Schuylkill river in 
Pennsylvania. Our subject is the oldest of a 
family of eight children, all of whom are living, 
but he is the only one residing in this territory. 
His brother, Samuel W., is mining in Cali- 
fornia, while the others are all residents of 

George W. Cheyney passed his boyhood and 
youth in the city of his birth, and is indebted to 
its public schools for his educational advantages. 
In 1871 he went to New York City, where he 
was in the employ of James W. Queen & Co., 
opticians, until 1877, and then returned to Phila- 



delphia, where the following two years were 
spent. He then went to Atchison, Kans., and 
later to Leadville, Colo., and from there re- 
turned to Philadelphia. In 1881 he came to 
Tombstone, Ariz., and has since engaged in 
mining in this territory, being superintendent of 
the Tombstone Mill & Mining Company for 
five years, which is the largest in that locality. 
In July, 1898, he was appointed postmaster of 
Tucson, and assumed the duties of that office 
on the 2d of August. 

At Atchison, Kans., Mr. Cheyney was mar- 
ried, September 20, 1882, to Miss Annie Neal, 
a native of that place, of which her father, 
Clement J. Neal, is a pioneer. As a young man 
he was one of the original boy riders of the 
Pony Express, between St. Joseph, Mo., and 
San Francisco, Cal., and had many narrow 
escapes. He was one of the earliest settlers of 
Kansas and became a leading architect and 
builder of Atchison, where he still resides. Our 
subject and his wife have six children, namely : 
Bernice, Frances, Mary Neal, Ruth, Edith and 

Mr. Cheyney is a member of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, and is a prominent 
Knight Templar Mason, having been initiated 
into the mysteries of the order at Tombstone. 
He is now a member of the commandery at 
Tucson, and is past grand master of the grand 
lodge of Arizona, and past grand high priest of 
the grand chapter. The Republican party has al- 
ways found in him a stanch supporter of its prin- 
ciples, while he has done all within his power to 
insure its success. He has served on the terri- 
torial and county central committees, and in 
1890 was a member of the constitutional con- 
vention. That same year he was the Republican 
nominee for delegate to congress, but owing 
to the large Democratic majority in Arizona he 
was defeated. He has twice been elected to the 
territorial counsels, being a member of the fif- 
teenth and seventeenth general assemblies. He 
was superintendent of public instruction for four 
years under Governors Wolfley, Irwin and 
Murphy, and was ex-officio member of the board 
of regents. Over his life record there falls no 
shadow of wrong; his public service has been 
most exemplary, and his private life has been 
marked by the utmost fidelity to duty. He is 

to-day one of the most prominent citizens of 


This name awakens chords of deep feeling in 
multitudes of hearts, for few of the actors on 
the stage of the just-completed century played 
more important parts or accomplished more for 
the rights, liberty and progress of the people 
than did Gov. Coles Bashford, statesman, lawyer 
and pioneer. While Wisconsin and other states 
have great reason to claim him as their own, 
Arizona undoubtedly has even stronger claims, 
for, prior to the organization of the territory, 
he cast in his fortunes here, served as our first 
attorney-general, was president of the first terri- 
torial council or legislature, was our congress- 
man in the Fortieth Congress at Washington, 
D. C., was secretary of Arizona, and with other 
frontiersmen risked his life hundreds of times 
while striving to carry out his noble work for the 
people of this future state, traveling through dis- 
tricts in all parts of the territory where the In- 
dians were exceedingly hostile. But it is im- 
possible to briefly summarize the great and 
noble achievements of this distinguished citizen, 
and from contemporary authors and later writ- 
ers the following facts and tributes have been 

Born near Cold Springs, N. Y., January 24, 
1816, Coles Bashford received a thorough train- 
ing in the classics at Wesleyan University, of 
Lima, N. Y. Then for seven years he studied 
law, practically preparing himself for his future 
career, and in the meantime was largely depend- 
ent upon his own resources for a livelihood. 
Admitted to practice before the supreme and all 
other courts of New York state, October 28, 
1842, he at once entered upon his life-work in 
Wayne county, N. Y. June 7, 1847, the young 
man was chosen as the nominee of the Whig 
party to the office of district attorney, and was 
elected that autumn. The energy and ability 
which characterized all of his undertakings 
thenceforth, elicited the commendation of Wil- 
liam H. Seward and eminent lawyers of the 

In 1850, resigning his position, Mr. Bashford 
removed to Wisconsin, immediately taking rank 


with the ablest lawyers of the state. Settling in 
Oshkosh, he soon became well known and was 
elected to the state senate on the Whig ticket, 
from Winnebago county, though the Demo- 
cratic vote in that district was a close second. 
Becoming a recognized leader in the young 
state's legislative body he declined the honor of 
being a nominee for congress when the proposi- 
tion was made to him, preferring to labor in his 
own locality. Then he was re-elected by a good 
majority and in the sessions of 1854-55 occurred 
the bitter discussions on the Missouri Compro- 
mise. It is almost needless to say that Senator 
Bashford earnestly declared himself against the 
pernicious extension of the slavery system into 
states hitherto free from the curse. "A motion 
to indefinitely postpone in the state senate a 
joint resolution which had been carried through 
the lower house cleared the field for action. 
Governor Bashford was the first to speak on the 
question. He refused to be gagged by the senate 
and proceeded to raise his voice in an eloquent 
peroration against the spreading of the slavery 
evil in any state or territory. His withering de- 
nunciation of Senator Stephen A. Douglas, of 
Illinois, the author of the Nebraska bill in con- 
gress, earned for him a reputation which spread 
throughout the north." 

Upon the organization of the Republican 
party Governor Bashford was one of the first 
in Wisconsin to espouse its principles, and Sep- 
tember 5, 1855, the state convention of the new- 
party, after adopting a strong anti-slavery plank, 
nominated him for the gubernatorial chair, the 
showing of the first ballot being one hundred 
and twenty-four out of two hundred and ten 
votes in his favor. The Democrats had renom- 
inated William A. Barstow and succeeded in 
electing every candidate on their ticket. The 
board of state canvassers, under a claim of ir- 
regularities practiced in certain counties at the 
polls, gave Barstow the preference, certificate of 
election and had him inaugurated at the state 
capitol January 15, 1856. Then was seen of 
what spirit Senator Bashford was made. Being 
thoroughly convinced that he had been justly 
elected by the people, he took the oath of office 
on the same day as did Barstow, and began to 
battle for his rights with that determination 
which always carried everything before it. Be- 

ginning a suit by quo warranto before the su- 
preme court of Wisconsin, providing for the 
setting aside of his opponent on the grounds of 
fraudulent election returns, the evidence there 
submitted proved beyond a doubt that a villain- 
ous attempt had been made to disfranchise the 
voters, who rose in their majesty and turned the 
usurper from the office, placing the man of their 
choice at the head of affairs. The counsel em- 
ployed in this celebrated case comprised some 
of the most eminent legal minds of the time; 
the contest lasted for three months and the pre- 
cedent thus established has left a lasting impress 
upon our national history. The arguments ad- 
vanced by counsel, the decisions of Judge Whi- 
ton, are to be found in the Fifth Wisconsin 
Reports occupying fully two hundred and fifty 
closely printed pages. "The demeanor of Gov- 
ernor Bashford throughout the exciting contest 
was worthy of a Qromwell. Unmindful of threats, 
above the contumely and scorn of his assailants, 
strong in a righteous purpose, unflinching in his 
just demands and fully aware of the great stake 
at issue, he went on sternly and boldly, until 
fraud was unmasked, villainy suppressed and the 
cause of truth, freedom and that purity of the 
ballot-box triumphed. Never was a man sub- 
jected to severer test and never was truer mettle 
or purer character exhibited, and Coles Bashford 
won not only the plaudits of friends, but the 
admiration and respect of all honorable political 

Thus, March 25, 1856, Governor Bashford 
assumed the duties and responsibilities to which 
the public had called him, and at the expiration 
of his term the following highly-deserved reso- 
lution was unanimously adopted by the Republi- 
can state convention : "Resolved, That the 
warmest thanks of the people of Wisconsin are 
clue to Governor Bashford for the zeal, energy, 
ability and perseverance with which he has 
prosecuted to a successful issue before the su- 
preme court of this state his claim as the legally 
elected governor of Wisconsin ; that by this act 
he upheld justice, law and the constitution, and 
vindicated the rights of sovereignty of the peo- 
ple ; that we honor him for his administration of 
the state government and that wherever justice 
triumphs over fraud, and the rights of the peo- 
ple at the ballot-box are held sacred, the name 



of Coles Bashford will be held in grateful re- 
membrance and respect." 

Thus the first successful candidate in the 
United States for the exalted office of governor, 
elected under the banner of the then new party, 
was the subject of this review. It required no 
modicum of courage and resolution to serve 
under the prevailing disaffection, and though he 
"was weighed in the balances and not found 
wanting," it is not strange that he often yearned 
for the quiet, comparatively untrammeled life 
of the private citizen. The press, his party and 
host of friends urged him most earnestly to 
again make the race for the office he then held, 
and it became evident that his manly course had 
attached great numbers of his former opponents 
to him. Nevertheless, he repeatedly declared 
that nothing, save the absolute need of the peo- 
ple, shown by almost unanimity of action, could 
prevail upon him to accept a re-nomination, and 
in a speech before the convention he positively 
declined to consider the matter. Some of his 
political enemies, fearing his increased popular- 
ity, instituted a series of attacks upon his 
administration, whereupon the governor imme- 
diately demanded an impartial investigation of 
all of his official acts by a commission to be 
appointed by the legislature. The two Demo- 
crats and three Republicans thus chosen com- 
plied with their instructions, and unanimously 
exonerated him from each and every charge 
which had been made against him. Thus he 
retired from his position with the cordial respect 
and confidence of the masses, the general ver- 
dict being that he had been a faithful, inde- 
pendent and trustworthy servant of the people. 

Though his law practice had necessarily suf- 
fered greatly, Governor Bashford soon was 
absolutely burdened by his immense business, 
and when, in 1859, he was urged to become a 
candidate for the judgeship of the circuit court 
of the tenth judicial district, he refused, even 
though nearly all of the members of the bar of 
the district had signed the request. Again in 
the following year the political tempter appealed 
to his ambition, seeking by voice and petition to 
have him become a candidate for congress, but 
the result was the same. During the winter of 
1862-63, however, he lived in Washington, D. C., 
where business affairs demanded his presence. 

The pioneer spirit always had been inherent in 
the governor, and when Arizona was organized 
as a territory he accompanied the newly-ap- 
pointed officials to their new field of action, aid- 
ing them in establishing headquarters at Navajo 
Springs, where they arrived December 29, 1863. 
Governor Goodwin, realizing that the old Mexi- 
can laws must hold until a territorial legislature 
enacted others, felt the great responsibility so 
severely that he was glad to appoint Governor 
Bashford as attorney-general, thus being re- 
lieved of much care. The duties of his office 
were very taxing, as the entire territory was one 
judicial district, and duty called him to every 
section, even to points where the Indians were 
the most hostile. All of his acquaintances mar- 
veled at his wonderful escapes from the treach- 
ery and open attacks of the red men, as he 
journeyed, so often alone, over vast stretches of 
otherwise uninhabited localities. He was the 
first lawyer admitted to practice in the courts 
of Arizona, as May, 1864, this ceremony was 
gone through with at Tucson. 

Pima county elected Mr. Bashford to the first 
Arizona territorial legislature, and that body 
chose him as president, for there was much to 
be done, a code of procedure to be adopted 
and important laws to be formulated on every 
subject relating to the new territory's welfare. 
So well did he meet the expectations of his col- 
leagues and the general public that he was 
elected to the next sessions. Then, as chairman 
of the committee on judiciary, the code was 
framed; and the records demonstrate that not 
one of the other members of the legislature took 
so active and useful a part in the weighty de- 
liberations before them. To his surprise, in 
1866, a convention of over one hundred citizens 
of Pima county unanimously nominated him for 
delegate to congress, party lines not having 
been drawn there, as yet. Elected by a good 
majority, he carried out the wishes of his con- 
stituents in the Fortieth congressional sessions 
at the nation's capital, and at the close of his 
term was appointed secretary of Arizona by 
President Grant. This kept him in that responsi- 
ble position for a term of four years, and in 
1871 the territorial assembly selected him to 
compile the various sessions laws into one vol- 
ume. With due regard to exactness and with 



an intelligent regard for convenience of refer- 
ence this great work was performed. Recogniz- 
ing that the administration of Governor Bash- 
ford as secretary of Arizona had been thoroughly 
satisfactory. President Grant re-appointed him 
to the same office in 1873, and it was not until 
private business interests demanded his making 
his residence at Prescott, where he had made 
investments, that he resigned, Tucson then be- 
ing the capital city. 

Almost continuously for about three decades 
Governor Bashford had been prominently as- 
sociated with the management of public affairs, 
and at the age of three-score he felt that the 
remainder of his life might well be devoted ex- 
clusively to his family and personal interests 
thenceforth. His long and eventful career has 
been rarely equalled, and the high principles by 
which he ever was governed shone forth con- 
spicuously in his every action, thus endearing 
him to all who knew him. April 25, 1878, he 
was called to his eternal reward, his demise 
occurring at his Prescott home. The western 
descending sun gilds the solid shaft of granite 
which marks the last resting-place of the mortal 
remains of this true patriot and pioneer, at 
Mountain View cemetery, at Oakland, Cal., and 
illuminates a line which is inscribed thereon, a 
favorite quotation of his, "Write me as one that 
loves his fellow-men." 

The widow of Governor Bashford resides in 
Oakland, Cal., where she may readily visit the 
beautiful city of the dead, though well she real- 
izes that a more enduring monument to his 
memory was erected by himself in the history of 
his time, and that his memory is tenderly cher- 
ished in the hearts of a multitude of the people 
whom he so well and conscientiously served 
through his long and distinguished career. In 
her girlhood she bore the name of Frances 
Adams Foreman, Seneca Falls, N. Y., being- her 
birthplace. Her father, David Foreman, was a 
pioneer in Wisconsin, where he was extensively 
engaged in the manufacture of lumber for years. 
Born of their union were seven children : Eliza- 
beth, widow of G. A. Sprecher; Margaret, wife 
of R. H. Burmister ; William C., of Prescott ; 
Helen B., widow of W. E. Smith; Belle, who 
died at eleven years of age; Lillian E., wife of 
A.W. Kirkland,and Edward L.,of Oakland, Cal. 


This able and thoroughly enterprising young 
man represented his district in the twenty-first 
general assembly of Arizona, making a credit- 
able record. He was nominated on the Repub- 
lican ticket from Pima county in the fall of 
1900 and was elected, receiving the highest ma- 
jority vote of any nominee on the Republican 
legislative ticket. He served in the session of 
1901, being a member of the following com- 
mittees : On corporations, education, and ways 
and means. Political and public affairs have en- 
gaged his serious attention since he left the 
school-room and the future undoubtedly has 
further honors in store for him, for he is not 
only well posted on the leading questions of the 
day, but is strictly conscientious in the discharg- 
ing of every duty and confidence reposed in him, 
and would be incapable of proving a traitor to 
the cause in which he believes, or to the friends 
who delegate him as their representative. 

A westerner by birth and training, J. 1!. Cor- 
bett is a native of San Francisco, born October 
27, 1870. His parents were James and Mary 
(Bayley) Corbett, and he is one of five brothers 
and sisters. A brother, James Corbett, is em- 
ployed as an engineer on the Mexican Central 
Railroad, one sister is deceased and the other two 
are making their home with our subject. Their 
mother died in San Francisco and the father is 
still living chiefly in that city, engaged in mining 

The boyhood and youth of J. B. Corbett were 
passed in San Francisco and Oakland. He re- 
ceived a liberal education in the grammar and 
high schools of Oakland, his graduation trom 
the last-named institution taking place in June, 
1886. He then started as an apprentice ma- 
chinist in the West Oakland shops and remained 
there and with the McKinzie Machine Works 
for two and a half years. He then was given 
a position as fireman on the line of railroad run- 
ning between Oakland and Sacramento and at 
the early age of nineteen was promoted to the 
post of engineer, his run lying between Oakland 
and Sacramento, on the Southern Pacific. He 
continued to occupy that position until April, 
i8()2, when he came to Tucson, and since that 
time has piloted his engine between this city 



and Yuma. He belongs to the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers, was secretary of his di- 
vision for several years and was chairman of the 
grievance committee for many years. In Ma- 
sonic circles he stands high, having been initi- 
ated into the order in Brooklyn Lodge No. 225, 
F. & A. M., of East Oakland. Since coming 
to this place he was raised to the Royal Arch de- 
gree in Tucson Chapter No. 3 and became a 
member of Arizona Commandery No. i, K. T., 
also being identified with the Order of the East- 
ern Star. 


No citizen of Phoenix stands higher in the 
hearts of the people than does M. W. Messinger, 
former county treasurer of Maricopa county. 
His life is exemplary and his broad-minded 
humanitarianism has endeared him to the high 
and low, the rich and poor. Born March 19, 
1844, on a farm in Morton, Tazewell county, 111., 
he is a son of Martin and Lucinda (Parmenter) 
Messinger. On the paternal side he is of Ger- 
man descent, and his grandfather, Lyman Mes- 
singer, a native of Massachusetts, and a farmer 
of New York state, was a veteran of the war of 
1812. The maternal grandfather, Nathan Par- 
menter, served with the rank of captain in the 
same great war, and his father was an officer in 
the Revolution. Both were pioneers of Ver- 
mont, the younger having been born in that 
state, and there, after a life spent in quiet agri- 
cultural pursuits, he was called to his reward. 
Mrs. Lucinda Messinger, his daughter, was 
born at Brandon, and died in Illinois when in 
her seventy-ninth year. One of the early set- 
tlers in that then frontier state was Martin Mes- 
singer, whose birth-place was in New York. 
When a young man he went to Vermont, and 
met and married the lady of his choice in Bran- 
don. Then, after spending a few years in Ohio, 
he made his way to Illinois, passing through 
Chicago in 1835, when it was considered a hope- 
less swamp. Locating upon a tract of wild land 
in Tazewell county, he improved it and when he 
wished to dispose of some wheat, for instance, 
was obliged to haul it one hundred and sixty 
miles, to Chicago, from which city he conveyed 
lumber used in making floors in his house. 

After living for a long time on one farm, he 
removed to another one in the same vicinity, and 
continued to cultivate that place of eighty acres 
from 1854 until his death in his seventy-seventh 
year. In principle he was a strong Abolitionist, 
and was known as a conductor on the under- 
ground railroad. Two of his children survive, 
M. W. and George P., the latter a merchant of 
Manistee, Mich. 

The boyhood and youth of M. W. Messinger 
passed uneventfully upon the parental home- 
stead. In the common schools he laid the 
foundations of knowledge, and attended the 
high school of Tremont, 111., which was kept in 
the court house where Abraham Lincoln regu- 
larly came to practice law. Later he was a stu- 
dent in the Illinois State Normal at Normal, 111. 
At the end of two years spent in that institution 
he was forced to return home, owing to illness. 
Later he went to Chicago and attended Bryant 
& Stratton's Business College, after his gradua- 
tion being sent by the firm to Burlington to 
establish a branch college. For two years he 
was connected with that institution under salary, 
and then, in partnership with Col. William 
Christy, bought the college, which they con- 
ducted for two years. Then selling his interest, 
he returned home and purchased the farm which 
he managed until 1875. When Colonel Christy 
was elected treasurer of Iowa, Mr. Messinger 
became cashier of the First National Bank of 
Osceola, Iowa, but at the end of a year returned 
to his Illinois farm, which he so thoroughly tiled 
and improved that it won the name of being one 
of the best country-seats in the county. In 1888 
he accepted a good price which was tendered 
him for the farm, and came to the southwest. 

Since coming to Phoenix Mr. Messinger has 
been connected with many different enterprises, 
and as a horticulturist has been as successful 
as he formerly was as a general farmer. His 
twenty-acre orange orchard, and his twenty 
acres of olive-trees, situated about six miles 
north of Phoenix, are well provided with water 
and are yielding abundant harvests annually. 
One of the organizers and the present president 
of the Ingleside Company, which owns two hun- 
dred acres of orange trees near the falls of the 
Arizona canal; and vice-president of the Salt 
River Valley Orange Association, he is deeply 



interested in this important branch of our trade. 

While a resident of Illinois Mr. Messinger 
held a number of local official positions, and was 
a member of the county central committee of 
Republicans. In 1888 he became a director and 
the assistant cashier of the Valley Bank of Phoe- 
nix, and from 1892 until the fall of 1898 was 
the cashier of the same. At the time last men- 
tioned he was nominated and elected on the Re- 
publican ticket to the responsible office of county 
treasurer. His majority was one hundred and 
twenty over a nominal Democratic majority of 
over four hundred votes. Having tendered his 
resignation as cashier of the bank, he entered 
upon his new duties January i, 1899, and at the 
expiration of his term was again nominated, but 
was defeated. For some years he was connected 
with the old organization known as the Cham- 
ber of Commerce. 

In the county of his birth Mr. Messinger mar- 
ried Miss Mary A. Roberts, likewise born there, 
and daughter of John M. Roberts, a prominent 
farmer, originally of Wales. The eldest of the 
four sons of our subject and wife is Albert Fen- 
ton, a graduate of the high school and formerly 
a student of Knox College of Illinois, and now 
the receiver for Ryder's Lumber-yards. Victor 
Emanuel, employed in the interests of the same 
concern, as manager of the Glendale (Ariz.) 
branch yards, is a graduate of the high school, 
and for two years attended Leland Stanford 
(Cal.) University. John Montgomery was a 
member of the high school class of 1900, and 
Charles Herbert, the youngest, is in the public 
school. The parents of these manly sons have 
just cause for pride in them, for they are, in- 
deed, worthy children of sterling parents. 

While every form of human activity and every 
effort to promote civilization are of great interest 
to Mr. Messinger, he is especially devoted to 
Sunday-school work, believing that in the well- 
grounded principles of the young lies the hope 
for our country. Soon after coming to Phoenix 
he identified himself with the Presbyterians, and 
now is the senior ruling elder of the church. 
While the church edifice was in process of con- 
struction he served as chairman of the building 
committee. For a number of years he officiated 
as superintendent of the Sunday-school, only 
leaving that position because of his being called 

to the wider work of the territorial organization 
of Sunday-schools. Since the inception of that 
society some eleven years ago he has been the 
secretary of the board, which is doing a world 
of good. He also is a member of the board of 
home missions of the Presbytery of Arizona and 
with great joy sees the cause of Christianity be- 
ing advanced along all lines. 


In tracing the lives of men it is often 
extremely interesting to note the utterly unex- 
pected order of events, the unforeseen interven- 
tion of what we sometimes call destiny, and 
which Shakespeare terms that "Providence 
which shapes our ends, rough hew them how we 
will." Strange, indeed, does it seem that R. C. 
Powers, who valiantly fought for three years 
against the Confederacy, should, only seven 
years after the termination of that struggle, 
become the governor of the old southern state 
of Mississippi, but such was the case. In that 
responsible position he did not make enemies, 
as many might have done, but on the contrary, 
he succeeded in arousing a more kindly feeling 
for the north, whence he had recently come. 
Thus he assisted the difficult task of recon- 
struction. His tact proceeded from a genuine 
kindliness of spirit and a liberal mind. 

For the past twenty-two years ex-Governor 
Powers has been a resident of Arizona, and has 
been actively connected with many of its chief 
industries. He is a native of Trumbull county, 
Ohio, the only son and oldest of the seven chil- 
dren of Milo and Lucy Ann (Dickenson) 
Powers. His great-grandfather Powers, the 
founder of the family in America, was a native 
of England and settled in New Jersey. The 
grandfather, Jacob Powers, was born in that 
state, participated in the war of 1812, and was 
an early settler of Westmoreland county, Pa., 
later of Trumbull county, Ohio. Milo Powers 
was born in Westmoreland county. Pa., and for 
many years was a farmer and merchant in Ohio. 
After retiring from business, he went to Mis- 
sissippi, where he died at his son's home. His 
widow is living with a daughter in New Orleans, 
La. She was born in Connecticut eighty-four 
years ago and is of English descent. Her father, 



Capt. Samuel Dickenson, was a native of the 
same state and won his title by gallant service 
in the war of 1812. With a colony from his own 
state he went to Ohio in an early day and there 
passed his remaining years. 

Born December 24, 1836, Hon. Ridgley C. 
Powers lived in Trumbull county, Ohio, until 
he was grown. He attended the Western 
Reserve Seminary, and later took a scientific 
course in the University of Michigan, complet- 
ing his education in Union College, Schenec- 
tady, N. Y., where the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts was bestowed upon him in 1862. After 
the close of the Civil war the degree of Master 
of Arts was conferred upon him. Leaving col- 
lege, in August, 1862, he enlisted in the One 
Hundred and Twenty-fifth Ohio Infantry, and 
was made second lieutenant of Company C. 
Later he was promoted to be first lieutenant and 
then became captain of his company, after which 
he was assigned to detached duty as assistant 
adjutant-general in the first brigade of the 
Second Division of the Fourth Army Corps. 
Subsequently he was connected with the Second 
Division of the same corps, as assistant adjutant- 
general, and on two occasions, for gallant and 
conspicuous bravery in battle, was promoted, 
first to brevet-major, then to brevet lieutenant- 
colonel. He participated, with the army of the 
Cumberland, in thirteen hard-fought battles and 
one hundred or more skirmishes, taking part in 
the whole campaign from Murfreesboro to 
Nashville, and the Georgia campaign. He was 
slightly wounded at the battle of Jonesboro, but 
did not leave his regiment. With his comrades, 
he was mustered out at New Orleans in Sep- 
tember, 1865. 

As one of the results of the war, many north- 
erners made settlement in the south. Having 
been impressed with Mississippi, Governor 
Powers purchased a fine cotton plantation of 
two thousand acres, situated on the Noxubee 
river, near Macon, and this he successfully oper- 
ated for sixteen years. That he thoroughly 
adjusted himself to the conditions in the south 
and that he possesses qualities to command 
admiration became evident when, in 1869, he 
was elected lieutenant-governor of the state, 
with J. L. Alcorn, governor. In 1871, when 
Alcorn was elected to the United States senate, 

by virtue of his office Mr. Powers became gov- 
ernor, serving as such through 1872 and 1873, 
his administration being exceedingly peaceable 
and prosperous. In later years it has been con- 
ceded, by thinking men of both parties in Mis- 
sissippi, that the state never had a chief execu- 
tive who administered affairs more successfully 
or who was more popular among all classes, than 
was Governor Powers. 

On the expiration of his term, Governor 
Powers returned to his plantation, which he sold 
in 1879, in order to remove to Arizona. Here 
he has been engaged in civil engineering and 
at present is United States deputy mineral sur- 
veyor. At different times lie has been employed 
in important government work as surveyor, and 
ever since his arrival here he has been interested 
in mining, having opened several mines. One of 
these, the Model, was sold by him in 1901 to the 
Model Gold Mining Company of Chicago, which 
is one of the strongest gold mining companies 
in the west and in which he still retains an inter- 
est. He also operates a gold mine, the Emmett, 
situated about twenty miles east of Prescott. At 
this writing he is president of the Good Govern- 
ment League of Prescott and president of the 
Miners' Association of Yavapai county. 

In the Grand Army of the Republic, Governor 
Powers is deservedly popular, and is past com- 
mander of the Phoenix Post. His political 
influence is given to the Republican party. In 
the Methodist Episcopal Church and Sunday- 
school he is an active member and a trustee. 
He was married, in Cleveland, Ohio, October 
27, 1892, to Miss Mary Wilson. His only child, 
Ridgley C. Powers, Jr., is now a student in 
Pomona College in California. 

In the various enterprises which have been 
instituted for the upbuilding of Cochise county 
Mr. White, sheriff of the county, and secretary 
of the La Cananea Consolidated Copper Com- 
pany, has ever been in the front ranks as a pro- 
moter of progress. A native of Lagrange, Fay- 
ette county, Tex., he was born in 1856, and was 
educated in the public schools of Texas and the 
University of Virginia. His father, John W. 
White, was born in Virginia, and was for sev- 
eral years a merchant in Texas. 



As secretary and assistant manager of a min- 
ing company, Scott White came to Arizona in 
1881, and was for eleven years located at Bowie 
station. Afterwards he engaged in prospecting 
and in the cattle business in the San Simon 
valley, where he had a ranch at Dunn's Springs, 
near Fort Bowie. In 1892 he removed to Tomb- 
stone and still continued his cattle business, to 
the extent of several hundred head. After com- 
ing to Arizona he rapidly grew in popular favor 
and was elected a member of the territorial 
legislature on the Democratic ticket in 1886. He 
was elected supervisor of Cochise county for the 
long term in 1890, from which position he re- 
signed in 1892 upon his election as sheriff of 
Cochise county. In 1895 he was appointed by 
Judge Bethune clerk of the district court of 
Cochise county, and held the position until 1896, 
when he was again elected sheriff. At the ex- 
piration of his term he was re-elected to the 
office. His administration has been well re- 
ceived, and the various matters which have come 
to him for adjustment have been fairly and tact- 
fully met. 

In 1899 Mr. White became associated with 
the mining concern of which he is secretary, 
and whose interests he has done much to further. 
In 1889 he was united in marriage with Lady 
Lyons, and of this union there are three chil- 
dren, who are living in Tombstone. Fraternally 
Mr. White is associated with the Cochise Lodge 
No. 5, F. & A. M., Tombstone Chapter No. 4, 
R. A. M., Knight Templars Commandery at 
Tucson, and El Zaribah Temple, N. M. S., at 
Phoenix. He is also connected with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, and with the Tucson 
Lodge No. 385, B. P. O. E. 

The great establishment of L. Zeckendorf & 
Co., Tucson, Ariz., of which Albert Steinfeld is 
the resident partner and manager, is a splendid 
monument to the earnest and unremitting 
efforts and the genius of the man who manages 
the varied interests of the firm. For twenty- 
four years he has been a partner in the concern 
and since 1872 has made his 'home in Tucson, 
devoting his entire time and attention to the 
business which has been conducted in the south- 
west for nearly half a century. 

Mr. Steinfeld is a native of Hanover, Germany, 
his birth having taken place in that city Decem- 
ber 23, 1854. With his parents he came to the 
United States in 1862 and, living in New York 
City, received a liberal English education in the 
public schools. His first commercial venture was 
with the wholesale dry-goods firm of Eldridge, 
Dunham & Co., successors to George Bliss & 
Co., in whose employ he remained two years. In 
1871 he crossed the "father of waters" and be- 
came identified with the great west. At Denver, 
Colo., he was employed by his uncle, Charles 
Ballin, a dry-goods merchant. In January, 1872. 
he arrived in Tucson, where he first became con- 
nected with the enterprise of his uncles, A. & 
L. Zeckendorf. Having thoroughly demon- 
strated his ability and fidelity by several years 
of service, he was admitted to the firm, with 
which, as previously stated, he has been the 
moving spirit ever since, and which owes the 
prosperity of this large concern to the broad- 
gauge management of his bright genius. He is 
very popular in commercial circles of the city 
and for a period served as president of the old 
Chamber of Commerce, later being the vice- 
president of its successor, the present Board of 

Fraternally Mr. Steinfeld is prominent in 
Masonic circles, and by his means, influence and 
ability contributes more than his full share to 
the general welfare and prosperity of the city 
of Tucson and Pima and Santa Cruz counties. 
To his employes and assistants he is a kind ad- 
viser and friend, and he can rely on the un- 
swerving fidelity of every man in the firm's 
employ. The name of the firm of L. Zeckendorf 
& Co., of Tucson, and of Albert Steinfeld, its 
manager, is known in every mining camp and 
ranch for hundreds of miles around, in Arizona, 
New and Old Mexico, where the firm do busi- 
ness from all their varied departments. The 
casual visitor is astonished and surprised when 
he walks from one department to another in this 
great building, for he finds every class of mer- 
chandise that a miner, rancher, or business man 
can use, and on the main floor are to be found 
the general offices and Mr. Steinfeld's private 
office, which is always open to the various and 
sundry callers who visit the store. A larger 
floor space is occupied by this establishment 



than any other in the territory, and the annual 
business transacted here exceeds that of the 
other commercial houses of Arizona. 

In addition to this business, Mr. Steinfeld is 
identified with various other industries in South- 
ern Arizona, each of which shows his indomit- 
able pluck, spirit and energy in the success that 
has attended it. No man in Southern Arizona 
has been in closer touch with the development 
of her many and varied resources than Mr. 
Steinfeld, and it is in a large measure due to his 
good judgment, enterprise and energy that the 
development of this great section has been 
brought about, not alone in the enterprises with 
which he is directly or indirectly connected, but 
the assistance, good advice and help he has 
given to others. Today he occupies the en- 
viable position of being the head of the mercan- 
tile interests of Arizona; highly respected and 
esteemed by all who know him ; a man whose 
ward or actions have never been questioned. 

February 15, 1883, in Denver, Colo., Mr. 
Steinfeld married Miss Bettina V. Donau, 
daughter of Simon Donau, of San Francisco. 
They have a very attractive home on South 
Main street, built in the old Mexican style, 
whose light and pride are their four children, 
named respectively, Lester, Irene, Harold, and 


The general superintendent of the Maricopa 
& Phoenix & Salt River Valley Railroad is 
B. F. Porter, whose life-long experience in rail- 
roading renders him peculiarly fitted for his re- 
sponsible position. Closely connected with the 
construction and management of this railroad 
since its earliest days, he is and has been deeply 
interested in the great work which has played so 
important a part in the upbuilding of Arizona. 

Mr. Porter is a worthy representative of a 
sterling family of the old south, of English de- 
scent. His father, Judge Benjamin F. Porter, 
was born in Charleston, S. C., in which city the 
grandfather, John Richardson Porter, was a 
leading business man for many years. He was 
born in one of the Bermuda Islands, and died 
in Charleston. Judge Porter, who was recog- 
nized as a leading member of the bar, served as 

reporter of the supreme court of Alabama, rep- 
resented his district in the state legislature for 
upwards of a decade, and rounded his career by 
presiding as judge of the circuit court. His eru- 
dition and general competency for the duties of 
that office led to his re-election at the expira- 
tion of his first term, and he was actively en- 
gaged in his professional labors when he died, 
in 1868, in his sixty-third year. In the ranks of 
the Masonic order and the Odd Fellows, and in 
the Baptist Church, to which he belonged, he 
was highly honored and beloved. His home for 
many years was in Tuscaloosa and Greenville, 
Ala., and in the town last named both himself 
and estimable wife were residing at the time of 
death. Mrs. Porter was Eliza Taylor Kidd prior 
to her marriage, and of their ten children nine 
lived to maturity. Born in Chesterville, S. C., 
she was a daughter of Hon. John Kidd, likewise 
a native of that state, and for many years a 
prominent member of the legislature of Ala- 
bama. In 1829 he removed to a plantation near 
Fort Claiborne, Ala., and there spent the re- 
mainder of his life. One of his sons, Leroy, also 
served in the state legislature, and his wife, Ade- 
laide Adair, a native of Kentucky, was a niece of 
Governor Adair, of that state, and was a near 
relative of Zachary Taylor. The Kidd family 
was founded in Virginia and later in South Car- 
olina by the descendants of an Irish gentleman 
of the name, and a brother of Hon. John Kidd, 
Andrew Kidd, was one of the pioneers of Ken- 
tucky, and participated in the hardships of that 
then wilderness with Daniel Boone and other 
heroes of his ilk. 

Dr. J. R. Porter, the first-born child of Judge 
Porter and wife, was graduated from the Nash- 
ville Medical College, and was the surgeon of the 
Eighteenth Mississippi regiment from 1861 to 
1864, when, on the battle-field of Franklin, he 
was placed in command of a company by Gen- 
eral Hood, and was killed ere the conflict was 
over. Rev. James D. Porter was engaged in 
the practice of law with his father until he en- 
tered the army, being connected with the Sixth 
Battalion of Alabama Cavalry. The hardships 
which he endured so preyed upon his health that 
he became dangerously ill while participating 
in the battle of Shiloh, and returned home, a 
wreck of his former self. When he had par- 



tially recovered, he entered the ministry, and 
for years prior to his death in 1880 was rector 
of the Episcopal Church of Greenville, Ala. 
Capt. R. Y. Porter, the present mayor of Green- 
ville, where he has been engaged in the insur- 
ance business for years, has taken a very prom- 
inent part in the military affairs of his state. 
The eldest sister, Mrs. Julia R. Pratt, departed 
this life at her home in Brooklyn, N. Y. Her 
husband, John Pratt, was the inventor of the first 
typewriter, the one now known as the "Ham- 
mond." During the progress of the Civil war he 
perfected his wonderful invention, which has 
been of untold value in the world of commerce, 
and, as affairs in the United States were in such 
a state, he ran the blockade and went to Eng- 
land, where he took out patent-rights on his 
machine. Returning at the close of the war, he 
exhibited it at the New Orleans Exposition, at 
which time he became associated with the Mr. 
Hammond whose name the machine bears. Mrs. 
J. R. Abrams, whose husband is deceased, and 
who was a successful merchant, resides in Green- 
ville, Ala. Mrs. Ina M. P. Ockenden, of Mont- 
gomery, Ala., was connected with the editorial 
staff of the Greenville "Advocate" for fifteen 
years, and is an author of marked ability, many 
of her prose articles and poems possessing ex- 
ceptional merit. Mrs. Emma Bedell lives in Gal- 
veston, Tex., where her husband is a lumber 
merchant. Mrs. Ann J. Anderson, a widow, re- 
sides near Hempstead, Tex. 

The birth of Benjamin F. Porter occurred 
April 15, 1842, in Tuscaloosa, Ala. When he 
was six years old he accompanied the family to 
Floyd county, Ga., and in 1852 went to Marshall 
county, Ala. Leaving Hearn School, at Cave 
Springs, Ga., where he was pursuing his studies, 
the youth commenced his business life by enter- 
ing the engineering corps of the present Ala- 
bama Great Southern Railroad. At the end of 
a year and a half he became one of the engineer- 
ing corps of the Tennessee & Coosa Railroad 
Company, and after the grading work had been 
completed became connected with the Mobile 
& Great Northern (now the Louisville & Nash- 
ville Railroad) and was thus employed until the 
beginning of the Civil war. 

For five months B. F. Porter served with the 
Barlow Rangers on the Gulf coast, when he was 

detailed by John T. Milner, of Birmingham, 
Ala., to enter the service of the Southern & 
Northern Alabama Railroad. Proceeding into 
the coal regions of northern Alabama, accord- 
ing to his instructions, and in the interest of the 
Alabama Arms Manufacturing Company, he 
laid claim to some public lands in Jefferson 
county, and continued to look after this enter- 
prise until the close of the war. In the mean- 
time, when Wilson's army was traversing the 
northern part of Alabama, Mr. Porter was placed 
in charge of a supply train for General Forrest's 
forces, and continued to act thus as a conductor 
on the train until he was captured by the Fed- 
erals at Demopolis, Ala., while endeavoring to 
save the rolling stock in his care from destruc- 
tion at the hands of the Northerners. Ten days 
after his capture, however, General Lee surren- 
dered, and he was paroled by Brigadier-General 

Going to Greenville, Mr. Porter remained 
there for two years as assistant agent for the 
Mobile & Montgomery Railroad, and in the 
spring of 1868 went to Selma, Ala., becoming 
conductor and superintendent of construction 
on the Selma & Gulf Railroad. Later he held 
a like office with the Western Railroad of Ala- 
bama, and after its completion, in 1871, was 
placed in charge of the construction of the Mo- 
bile & Birmingham. When thirty miles of the 
road had been finished, he was installed as a 
conductor of a passenger train, made the first 
run northward to Birmingham, and continued 
to act in this capacity for eighteen months. His 
next undertaking proved unfortunate, for he lost 
all of his means when the partly constructed 
Vicksburg & Nashville Railroad went into bank- 
ruptcy. Other reverses, also, were in store for 
him, for, while in his next position, engaged in 
superintending the repairing of the Memphis & 
Little Rock Railroad, he was stricken with 
smallpox, in December, 1872. For almost a 
month he had no medical attendance, and 
though he nearly died, his fine constitution 
brought him through the illness. Returning to 
Memphis, he accepted a position, as foreman of 
the track-laying department, with the Memphis 
& Paducah Railroad. Again he was laid low, 
this time with cholerk, and he was removed 
twelve miles upon a hand-car to Memphis. 



Upon his recovery he went to St. Louis, a more 
healthful locality, and thence proceeded to Graf- 
ton, 111., where he was foreman of the work of 
quarrying stone used in the construction of the 
celebrated Eads Bridge. Two years later, de- 
siring an entire change of occupation, he pur- 
chased a farm in Jersey county, 111, and for more 
than a decade operated his homestead. 

In the fall of 1886 Mr. Porter sold his property 
and identified himself with the building of the 
Maricopa & Phoenix Railroad. Arriving in this 
locality at the opening of the year 1887, he rap- 
idly pushed the work forward, and at the end of 
six months the road was entirely ready for traf- 
fic. For eleven years thereafter he held the 
position of road-master of the line, which is 
forty-two miles long, with the Mesa branch, and 
connects with the Southern Pacific. During 
these eleven years he was absent from the road 
only nine days a record rarely surpassed, and 
attesting his faithfulness. January 15, 1898, he 
\vas appointed acting superintendent of the road, 
and on the 1st of the following April was pro- 
moted to the general superintendency, his pres- 
ent position. 

In 1866 Mr. Porter married Miss Mary E. 
Thomas, a native of Mississippi, and reared in 
Alabama. Three sons bless their union, namely, 
Walter Kidd, B. F., Jr., and Joseph R. Walter 
K., quartermaster's agent on the transport ''Bel- 
gian King," in the United States navy, is now 
located in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands. 
B. F., Jr., is employed in the freight department 
of the Arizona & New Mexico Railroad, with 
his headquarters at Clifton. 

One of the foremost organizers of the Arizona 
Mutual Savings & Loan Association, Mr. Por- 
ter holds the office of president of the same. He 
also is a member of the city board of trade and 
of the Maricopa Club, and is prelate of Phoenix 
Lodge, No. 2, K. of P., and belongs to the 
Order of Elks. Politically he is a Democrat, and 
has been a member of the county central com- 
mittee. Mrs. Porter is a member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church South. 

This well-known probate judge was born in 
Mason county, 111., February 13, 1874, and is 
a son of Joseph M. and Helen May (Whiteford) 

Langston, natives of the same state and county. 
His father was for many years a farmer and 
horse dealer in Mason county, and subsequently 
removed to Sangamon county, 111., near Spring- 
field, where he conducted farming interests. 
Upon removing later into the city of Springfield, 
he became prominent in the affairs of the town, 
and served for many years as justice of the peace. 
His early aspirations were turned in the direc- 
tion of law as a means of livelihood and outlet 
for ambition, and in due time he was admitted to 
practice at the bar of Illinois. In 1896 he lo- 
cated in Phoenix, Ariz., and continued the prac- 
tice of law. Subsequently his son, J. Henry, be- 
came a partner under the firm name of Langston 
& Langston. Mrs. Langston was a daughter of 
John Whiteford, a wealthy farmer of Mason 
county, 111., who died at the age of seventy-nine. 
Mrs. Langston died in 1877, leaving three chil- 
dren, all still living, John Henry being the sec- 
ond oldest. 

The early years of Mr. Langston were un- 
eventful, and were spent in Mason county, where 
he received a good education in the public 
schools, supplemented by more extended study- 
after the removal of the family to Springfield. 
As an independent venture he began to carry 
papers for the "Morning Monitor," and later 
worked up to the important position of business 
manager for the paper. As regards his life 
work, he early decided to follow the example of 
his father, and entered upon the study of law 
with E. L. Chapin, and was admitted to the bar 
June 10, 1896. For a time he practiced the pro- 
fession at Springfield, and in 1899 removed to 
Phoenix, and entered into a law partnership 
with his father, the firm carrying on a general 
law practice, and receiving the patronage and 
appreciation due their painstaking and con- 
scientious methods of conducting business. This 
partnership continued until our subject assumed 
the duties of his office. 

In Springfield, in 1897, Mr. Langston mar- 
ried Bertha A. Magee, a native of Illinois. Of 
this union there are two children, Edwin Henry 
and Helen Evelyn. In the fall of 1900 Mr. 
Langston was nominated for the office of pro- 
bate judge on the Democratic ticket, was duly 
elected, and is the present incumbent. He is a 
Knight of Pythias, and past chancellor of Per- 



cival Lodge, No. 262, Springfield, 111., and a 
member of the Fraternal Army of America. He 
is also associated with the Mutual Protective 
League, and is president of the Phoenix Council 
No. 246. In the work of the Young Men's 
Democratic Club of Maricopa county he is 
actively interested and is also a member of the 
Jeffersonian Club. 



Although since 1885 a resident of Los 
Angeles, Cal., the territory of Arizona does not 
relinquish its claim upon Mr. Norton, for the 
links have been and yet are too close. Almost 
his entire mature life has been devoted to the 
development and furthering of Arizona's in- 
dustries, and, needless to relate, it has resulted 
in mutual benefit. Although he suffered many 
vicissitudes, as is common to the frontiersman, 
yet he remembers those early days as among 
the best of his life, and never regretted casting 
his lot with the pioneers of Arizona. 

Born in Milton, seven miles from Boston, 
Mass., in 1847, a son f Hubert and Mary Nor- 
ton, his early years were chiefly spent in "the 
Hub" where he received a liberal high-school 
education. The attractions of the great west 
lured him beyond what was then considered the 
pale of civilization, and after spending a year 
employed as a clerk in Kansas he went to 
Colorado. At twenty-two years of age the 
ambitious young man embarked in business on 
his own account at Las Animas, Colo. In 1876 
he started for the wilds of Arizona, and after 
traveling eight hundred and fifty miles from a 
railroad, by stage, reached Tucson where he 
spent a few months. Then he established the 
business and became a member of the firm of 
Norton & Stewart at Fort Grant, Ariz., where 
for several years they conducted a large store 
and handled government contracts, for supplying 
the fort and other posts in the interior. The 
nearest town to Fort Grant at that time was 
Tucson, one hundred and twenty miles distant ; 
but when the railroad was built that far, a 
station was established for and twenty-five miles 
from the post, at Willcox. Mr. Norton also had 

contracts for carrying the United States mail, 
his route being seven hundred and fifty miles 
long; and the faithful manner in which he per- 
formed his duties won the admiration and 
esteem of everyone. 

The condition of the territory at that time is 
vividly described in "Arizona and its Resources." 
In those early days the territory's business 
was necessarily conducted under great dif- 
ficulties. Most of the merchants of the terri- 
tory purchased their goods in San Francisco, 
and the freight charge from there to Fort Grant 
was eleven to twelve cents per pound. One 
large firm in Tucson sent ox trains to the west- 
ern terminus of the Santa Fe Railroad, to haul 
goods purchased in the eastern markets, and it 
took a year for them to make the round trip. 
Mr. Norton quickly saw that New York was the 
proper place to buy his goods, and started east 
for that purpose. He took the stage at his store 
at Fort Grant, and after a ride of seven hundred 
and sixty miles reached Trinidad, Colo., then the 
terminus of the Santa Fe Railroad. Arrange- 
ments were immediately made with one of the 
large forwarding and commission firms there to 
forward to Fort Grant one hundred and twenty- 
five thousand to one hundred and fifty thousand 
pounds of freight as soon as it should arrive 
from New York, and he hastened on his journey 
to make the purchases. Concluding his busi- 
ness in the east he started on his return trip and 
reached Trinidad shortly after his goods had 
arrived there and been forwarded. Taking the 
stage again he rode to Fort Grant, and although 
it was Arizona he was glad to reach home. To 
show the difference between the freight charges 
then and now, the rate from New York to 
Trinidad was fifty cents per one hundred 
pounds, and eight cents per pound from Trini- 
dad to Fort Grant. Upon the arrival of these 
eastern purchases at Fort Grant all of the 
officers and ladies of the post visited the store 
to witness the opening of the various lots of 
goods. Food supplies were quite different in 
those days from what is found today; canned 
goods had to be almost wholly relied upon, and 
all the vegetables obtainable were such as came 
in cans. Potatoes and cabbage were rare 
luxuries. A small "truck garden" was started 
about forty miles from Fort Grant, and when 



the man arrived at the post upon his trips the all 
important question was not as to the prices he 
charged, but how to so divide the contents of the 
wagon as to make them go around and give all 
at least a few fresh vegetables. At that time 
Fort Grant was regimental headquarters, having 
seven troops of cavalry and the band. The 
troops were to protect the settlers against about 
six thousand San Carlos Apache Indians. Mr. 
Norton can hardly remember a year among the 
first ten that he was at Fort Grant when there 
was not an outbreak, and a great many of the 
Indians left the reservation. It then was the 
duty of the troops to go after and bring them 
back. The Indians were well fed and cared for 
by the government, but still they would periodi- 
cally break out, and the troops were sometimes 
out seven to ten months trying to force them to 
return. Of course, during all this time, the 
settlers would be excited and very anxious. In 
1881 Mr. Norton, when furnishing flour to the 
San Carlos Agency, had one hundred thousand 
pounds hauled by ox train; the Indians charged 
the train, killed five of the men and destroyed 
large quantities of the flour. They would take 
sacks containing one hundred pounds, open 
them, pour out about half of the flour, re-sew the 
mouth of the sack, tie half of the flour into each 
end of the sacks, throw them over the backs of 
their horses and start for their mountain fast- 
nesses. As the troops followed and more and 
more crowded them they would throw off 
some of this flour to lighten the loads of their 
animals, and make it possible to travel faster; 
and they were trailed more than a hundred miles 
by the flour so thrown away. The claim for this 
damage was filed with the Government, and it 
was some eight years before the matter reached 
final adjustment and payment. 

Large quantities of hay were annually cut in 
the Sulphur Spring valley, in which Fort Grant 
is located ; this had always been done by hand, 
with hoes, scythes and sickles. But when Mr. 
Norton secured the contract to furnish hay to 
the government he had several mowing ma- 
chines shipped from the East with which to cut 
it ; they were the first such machines ever seen 
in this section ; the freight which he paid upon 
even one of them would almost paralyze the 
farmers of today. But they introduced- mod- 

ern methods, and revolutionized the sickle cut- 

One of the great features of early Arizona 
days was the stage, as it offered the only means 
for travel and distributing the mails, except 
when done by horseback. This was gradually 
changed as the railroad was extended. And as 
these changed conditions gradually took place 
it was very freely predicted that the railroad 
would destroy the country ; business was, for a 
time, reduced, as the large number of freighters 
and freight teams previously handling the carry- 
ing trade were laid off, but this was only tem- 
porary. There was less of lawlessness in the 
territory before than after the advent of the rail- 
roads, and civilization and crime came hand in 

The entire territory in those days was sup- 
ported by the moneys disbursed by the govern- 
ment for supplies and the pay of troops at the 
various military posts. It would perhaps be 
hard to find any stronger illustration of the de- 
velopment along one line, the cattle industry, 
since 1881, than the fact that in this year Mr. 
Norton had to send to Chihuahua, Mexico, for 
a herd of cattle to furnish fresh beef to the Indi- 
ans on the San Carlos Reservation, while, to- 
day, there are nearly sixty thousand head of cat- 
tle shipped from this neighborhood each year. 
Such an undertaking to drive cattle from 
Chihuahua to San Carlos was very risky, as they 
had to pass through two hundred miles of the 
Indian country. Mr. Norton's brother, B. E. 
Norton, had just arrived from the east, and 
thought that to go for these cattle would be 
a nice trip, and furnish him with some new ex- 
periences, so he, in company with John H. 
Riley, a thorough cattle man of wide experience 
and now one of the largest cattle men of Colo- 
rado, started from Fort Grant. They were a 
month on the road to Chihuahua and three 
months driving the cattle up from there, and say 
that they shall never forget the experiences of 
those four months. 

Soon after the Southern Pacific Railroad was 
constructed through Arizona Mr. Norton, with 
his partner, Mr. Stewart, laid out the town site 
of Willcox, and the house of Norton & Stewart 
was founded at that place. They were the first 
mercantile establishment and erected the first 



building in the town. This was in the winter of 
1881. Five years later the junior partner with- 
drew. Since that time the firm has been known 
as John H. Norton & Co. H. A. Morgan, the 
resident partner and general manager, has been 
connected with Mr. Norton since 1878, and is 
thoroughly trusted and relied upon. The busi- 
ness of the firm has grown with the town and 
increased with the development of the surround- 
ing country; they now have branch stores at 
Pearce, Cochise and Johnson, each of them im- 
portant and growing mining camps in the Dra- 
goon mountains, and in the aggregate transact 
a large business each year. The Willcox store 
has a large trade, both wholesale and retail. In 
addition to the large and handsome building 
occupied in the chief business part of the town 
they have several commodious warehouses near 
the railroad, one of them being 40x100 feet. 
The financial responsibility and conservative 
management of this firm commend it to the 
commercial world. Young men cannot do bet- 
ter than emulate the example thus set before 
them. Mr. Norton, with his brother, B. E. 
Norton, owns a large stock ranch at Cedar 
Springs, which was the scene of the attack by 
the Indians upon the ox-train loaded with flour 
for San Carlos, in 1881, as has been mentioned 
above. Having early adopted the policy of im- 
porting thoroughbred Hereford bulls their stock 
is of extremely high grade, and the cattle bear- 
ing their brand, "N. N.," find a ready sale. 

During the past five years Mr. Norton has 
moved to and made his home in the beautiful 
city of Los Angeles, and is connected in busi- 
ness there. He is president of the Bluewater 
Land & Irrigation Company of Bluewater, N. 
M. They have a dam sixty-five feet high at the 
mouth of the Bluewater canon, impounding 
four thousand acre feet of water; also about 
sixty miles of fence and thirty miles of distribut- 
ing ditches covering about four thousand acres 
of land. It is the intention to build the dam 
higher so that the balance of the land in the 
valley, some twenty-five thousand acres, may be 
brought under ditch. He is president of the 
Western Contracting and Construction Com- 
pany and vice-president of the Norton-Drake 
Company, both of Los Angeles, and is a director 
of the Chamber of Commerce, which has done 

so much for Los Angeles and vicinity, making 
known to the world the resources of the famous 
fruit belt of Southern California. To all of these 
enterprises he gives more or less of his personal 
attention, and brings to his affairs all the vigor 
and acumen of a man in the prime of life. Since 
residing in Los Angeles he has, as first vice- 
president of the Jonathan Club, and by connec- 
tion with many other social bodies, cultivated a 
host of friends. 

Having accumulated a competency in his long 
and prosperous career Mr. Norton has of late 
years made numerous investments, and thus is 
deriving an income from mines, cattle, mer- 
cantile enterprises, etc. Perhaps one of the 
chief secrets of the success he has achieved has 
been his concentration of energy in the crucial 
early years of his career in the world of business. 
Though always an enthusiastic Republican, in 
national affairs, and often strongly urged to ac- 
cept political preferment, he steadfastly has de- 
clined public honors, feeling that his business 
interests demanded his personal attention. 

The marriage of Mr. Norton and Miss M. F. 
Van Doren took place in 1886; they have one 
daughter, Amy Marie, now eleven years of age, 
and it was largely for her sake and that she 
might have the best educational advantages, that 
her parents moved to Los Angeles, where the 
schools are unsurpassed. 


Well known as one of the oldest residents of 
southern Arizona, Captain Noon was born in 
County Mayo, Ireland, July 27, 1828, and came 
to the United States with his parents, John and 
Mary (McManamon) Noon, when only six years 
old. The family located in Jennings county, 
Ind., where John J. received his education in the 
public schools, later attending the Jesuit Col- 
lege in Cincinnati. His otherwise uneventful 
youth was rendered interesting when he accom- 
panied an elder brother, Patrick, on a trip 
through the south and west. On arriving in 
St. Louis in 1844 he heard Hon. Thomas Ben- 
ton, the great statesman of Missouri, deliver one 
of his famous speeches. In the spring of the 
following year he returned to his home in Jen- 
nings county, Ind. Needless to say that after 
going out into the world for even this short 



period, the surroundings and possibilities of 
Jennings county seemed circumscribed, and the 
youth determined to avail himself of the more 
remunerative activity of New Orleans. On the 
way .he stopped and visited Andrew Jackson at 
the old Hermitage near Nashville, Tenn. Arriv- 
ing in this southern city for a second time, he 
was employed by Augustus W. Walker, the 
great grain merchant of that city, and at the 
breaking out of the Mexican war, in 1847, he 
joined the Second Ohio Regiment under Colonel 

Owing to an accident received at New- 
Orleans Mr. Noon did not immediately partici- 
pate in the affairs of the Mexican war, but in 
May of 1847 again joined his regiment, then 
stationed at Vera Cruz, his reception by his 
comrades and the officers of the regiment being 
rendered particularly gracious on account of a 
letter given him by his former employer, Mr. 
Walker, to a nephew, General Walker, who was 
commissary-general under General Scott. After 
witnessing the bombardment of Vera Cruz 
by the United States guns, he was detailed with 
the quartermaster's train in the campaign 
against the City of Mexico, but the first day out 
was so seriously kicked by a mule that he was 
necessarily sent to a hospital in New Orleans. 
Upon recovering, the war being over, he at once 
sought the assistance of Mr. Walker, who, true 
to his former friendship, gave him a position in 
his establishment. The following year he 
returned to Cincinnati, Ohio, and there, in Feb- 
ruary, 1849, married Margaret King, who was 
born in Ireland, and reared in Ohio. With his 
bride he started for Minnesota, but at the outset 
of the journey cholera broke out on the steamer 
and he was obliged to disembark at St. Louis 
and seek the seclusion of a hospital for four 
months. Subsequently he returned to New- 
Orleans and bought some dray teams and en- 
gaged for a time in teaming and freighting. 

In May of 1850 Captain Noon decided to try 
his fortune in the west, and boarded the steamer 
Alabama (his wife having returned to Cincin- 
nati) and went, via Panama, to San Francisco. 
At the isthmus the steamer was detained for 
three months on account of the absence of coal, 
and they did not reach San Francisco until Sep- 
tember 5, 1850. Covering a period of forty years 

Captain Noon was engaged in mining and pros- 
pecting in California, Nevada, Utah and 
Arizona, during which time he was successful 
and unfortunate by turns, but came out in the 
end the winner by a considerable majority. At 
one time he owned several good mining prop- 
erties, and was at different times superintendent 
of mines for some of the large companies. Dur- 
ing this period he was one of the founders and 
first settlers of Unionville, Humboldt county, 
Nev., and also of the towns of Austin and Bel- 
mont, and was one of the first to discover the 
Revelle district in Lincoln county, Nev. While 
prospecting at Tentic, Utah, he met a namesake, 
Dr. A. H. Noon. Captain Noon was interested 
in mines on Big Cotton Wood creek, which he 
later sold to Judge Bennett and others of Salt 
Lake City. He was one of the first settlers on 
Jordan creek in Idaho, where he had a fine and 
remunerative placer claim. 

In 1879 Captain Noon and the doctor came 
into Arizona, where for ten years they were 
interested in mining at Oro Blanco, Pima 
county. In 1889 he started for Nogales, and 
on the way thither located the famous St. Pat- 
rick mine, twelve miles west of Nogales, which 
he later sold for $20,000 cash. Arriving in 
Nogales with a burro train of rich ore, which 
he disposed of, he finally bought and located on 
a piece of land in the Santa Cruz valley adjoin- 
ing the city. Since then he has successfully 
raised fruit for market, his land having been 
wonderfully improved and fitted out with all 
modern devices for the carrying on of a large 
fruit enterprise. The land is planted with about 
eight hundred trees bearing all manner of fruit, 
for which there is a ready demand. The prop- 
erty has been a source of violent litigation, and 
was formerly a grant from the Mexican govern- 
ment to several men, the title being hotly con- 
tested in the courts. Captain Noon was able to 
furnish proof of the first title given by Spain to 
Mexico, and so won his suit and retained his 
land. In these early and trying times he was 
a member of the committee of citizens known 
as the Nogales Protective Association. In 1893 
his possessions were increased by the purchase 
of land adjoining on the south, which was laid 
out into lots and sold, and is known as Noon's 



In all that has assisted in the present pros- 
perity of the city of Nogales Captain Noon has 
been influential. He is especially interested in 
the matter of education, and has helped to ren- 
der possible the fine school buildings and system 
that prevail here. He was active in securing 
the setting apart of Santa Cruz county, and 
served as the Republican mayor of Nogales for 
one term, and as councilman for one term. He 
is one of the well-known pioneers of Arizona, 
and has for years been a leading and representa- 
tive Republican. Of the children born to Cap- 
tain and Mrs. Noon three are living: Mary, 
who is the wife of Frank Lowden, of Walla 
Walla, Wash.; John, who is successfully plying 
a steamboat on the Yukon river in the Klon- 
dyke; and Dr. Nicholas K. Noon, of Nogales. 
George Noon died in Colorado. Mrs. Noon 
died in 1870. 


Undoubtedly one of the best-posted men in 
Yavapai county on the subject of minerals and 
productive ore is Mr. Pickrell, superintendent 
of the Chicago Gold Mining & Milling Com- 
pany. He is a practical geologist and miner- 
alogist, besides being a business man of con- 
spicuous executive ability, and his company 
could have found no one better suited to pro- 
mote its interests. 

Thirty-nine years ago A. J. Pickrell was born 
in the town of Deep Cut, Ohio, and when eight 
years of age he was taken to the south, where 
he grew to maturity, living in Alabama, Missis- 
sippi and Texas. For some time he attended 
school at luka, Miss., and when seventeen years 
of age he started out to make his own way in 
the world. Going to Leadville, Colo., he de- 
voted three years to prospecting and mining in 
that region, and thence went to Aspen, same 
state. There he became the owner of stock in 
the Delia S. mine and several others, besides 
being one of the directors and stockholders in 
the Grand Union Mining & Milling Company. 

At the time that the value of silver had so 
deteriorated, Mr. Pickrell came to Arizona and 
in the year of his arrival here (1894) took a lease 
and bond on the old Silver Trail mine on the 
Hassayampa river. After taking out consider- 

able ore and more thoroughly developing it, he 
sold out to the Sundance Gold Mining Com- 
pany. In 1896 he became interested in the Sur- 
prise group of mines, and was influential in 
getting organized the Chicago Gold Mining & 
Milling Company, of which he is a director and 
manager. A ten-stamp mill was erected and a 
large amount of ore has been taken out. It 
comprises gold, silver and lead, though chiefly 
gold, and about $40 to the ton, on an average, 
is realized. 

Personally, Mr. Pickrell is connected with sev- 
eral mining enterprises, more or less valuable. 
He owns and is operating a group of mines on 
Groom creek, now under bond and being well 
developed, these being known as the Midnight 
Test. They are producing a high-grade gold- 
bearing ore, of the free-milling quality. Another 
cluster of mines on Slate creek, which are in 
active force and which are owned by Mr. Pick- 
rell, are the Little Kid mines, in which gold, 
silver and copper are found in paying quantities. 
The Little Kid group of mines has been trans- 
ferred to the Gold & Copper Consolidated Min- 
ing & Milling Company, from which large quan- 
tities of rich ore are now being shipped and 
milled. Mr. Pickrell is manager of this com- 
pany, and one of the largest stockholders. The 
veins containing the desired minerals vary from 
twelve inches to four feet in thickness, and the 
ore averages $100 per ton a remarkable show- 
ing. Three tunnels have been constructed, one 
being one hundred and fifty feet, another one 
hundred and seventy-five feet and the third three 
hundred feet long. His long experience in min- 
ing and the usual success which has attended his 
undertakings have caused him to be looked upon 
as an authority, and many times he has been 
employed to investigate and report upon mining 
property, both in Colorado and Arizona. Con- 
centration of energy and purpose are among his 
notable characteristics and therein is found the 
secret of his success. Politically he is a Demo- 

Prominent among the energetic, enterprising 
and successful business men of Phoenix is Gen- 
eral Lewis, the well-known territorial manager 
of the New York Life Insurance Company. He 



possesses untiring energy, is quick of perception, 
forms his plans readily and is determined in their 
execution ; and his close application to business 
and his excellent management have already 
brought to him a high degree of prosperity. 

The General was born in St. Louis, Mo., July 
6, 1867, a son of Andrew M. and Louisa (Ames) 
Lewis, the former a native of New York, the lat- 
ter of Frederick, Md. On the paternal side he 
is descended from a prominent old French 
family, which, on account of political troubles, 
left France in the sixteenth century and removed 
to Ireland, locating in County Waterford, where 
they owned large estates. There our subject's 
great-grandfather was born. The grandfather, 
James M. Lewis, was also a native of the 
Emerald Isle, and was the founder of the family 
in America, taking up his residence in New York 
City. The Allyn family, to which our subject 
also belongs, was from Scotland and Wales. His 
maternal grandfather, Norman Ames, was a 
planter of Maryland and a soldier of the war of 
1812. The General's parents both died in New 
York, where the father was engaged in the prac- 
tice of law. In their family were three children, 
our subject being the second in order of birth. 

Reared in New York, General Lewis was edu- 
cated in private schools. He left school in 1885 
and in 1887 came to Arizona. He was appointed 
assistant cashier in the banking house of Kales 
& Lewis, of Phoenix, but in August of the same 
year this firm was merged into the National 
Bank of Arizona, of which he was assistant cash- 
ier for seven years. In 1894 he resigned that po- 
sition to become manager of the New York Life 
Insurance Company in connection with Howard 
C. Boone, but has been alone since 1895 as man- 
ager for Arizona with headquarters at Phoenix. 
In business affairs he has been eminently suc- 
cessful and now owns considerable property in 

Here General Lewis married Miss Letitia Mc- 
Dermott, a native of Frederick, Md., and a rep- 
resentative of a family which was founded in that 
state over two hundred and fifty years ago. By 
this union have been born three children, 
namely: Andrew M., Marie and Eleanor. In 
1889 our subject assisted in organizing the Na- 
tional Guard of Arizona, becoming a private of 
Company B, First Regiment, but he was soon 

made first lieutenant, and for five years served 
as major of the Second Battalion of that regi- 
ment, also acting inspector general a part of the 
time. On the ist of August, 1897, he was made 
adjutant-general of Arizona with the rank of 
brigadier-general, and was serving in that office 
when he retired from military affairs, August i, 
1898. He has also taken an active and promi- 
nent part in civic affairs, has represented the 
second ward in the city council, serving also as 
acting mayor. For three years he efficiently 
served as territorial bank examiner, and has ex- 
ercised considerable influence in public matters. 
Politically he is a stanch supporter of the Re- 
publican party and its principles, and in times 
past has been a member of both the county and 
territorial committees. Socially he is a charter 
member of the Maricopa Club, director of Phoe- 
nix Country Club, and also belongs to the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He is 
today one of the most prominent men of Phoe- 
nix and well deserves his popularity. 


Though at least four generations of Gen. 
R. H. G. Minty's family have made honorable 
records in military circles, and thought flatter- 
ing military life opened before him, he resolutely 
declined, seeking his career in railroading. 
However, when his country called him he loy- 
ally responded and nobly stood at his post of 
duty from the beginning until the end of the 
Civil war, thus earning his title. At first he was 
the commissioned major of the Second Michi- 
gan Cavalry, then was promoted to the lieuten- 
ant-colonelcy of the Third Michigan, and later 
was made colonel of the Fourth Michigan. His 
distinguished services led to his being made 
brigadier-general and brevet major-general. As 
such he was honorably discharged when his 
country no longer required his presence on 
southern battle-fields. The government had so 
thoroughly tested his ability, however, and rec- 
ognized his general merits to the extent that it 
was desired to retain him among its officers, and 
accordingly he was commissioned major of the 
Eighth Regular Cavalry, and then it was that 
he refused further military life, preferring the 
quiet pathway of a private citizen. 

The father, paternal grandfather and great- 


grandfather of General Minty were all of them 
officers in the British army. The father, Col. 
Robert Minty, who was born in Edinburgh, 
Scotland, was a graduate of Sandhurst Military 
College, of England, and won his title in the 
British service. That he possessed marked abil- 
ity is shown by the fact that he was appointed as 
judge advocate-general of Jamaica, and besides, 
he was a great traveler, visiting the chief places 
of interest in all parts of the world. 

Born in County Mayo, Ireland, December 4, 
1831, Gen. R. H. G. Minty had exceptionally 
fine advantages in his youth and accompanied 
his lather in some of his extended travels to 
foreign ports. When only seventeen, he was 
commissioned as an ensign in the British army, 
and served in the West Indies and in Africa until 
1853, when he resigned and came to America. 
For two years he lived in Canada, and in Janu- 
ary, 1854, became connected with the Great 
Western Railway of that province. In 1856 he 
went to Detroit and held the position of assist- 
ant general freight agent of the Detroit & Mil- 
waukee Railway until the outbreak of the Civil 
war, when, as previously stated, he loyally went 
to the defense of the land of his adoption. At 
the close of the war he re-entered the employ of 
the Detroit & Milwaukee Railroad, and subse- 
quently was with the Michigan Central. Later 
he was general superintendent of the Grand 
River Valley Railroad, and was the superintend- 
ent of construction on the Michigan Air Line. 
Afterward he was the general superintendent 
of the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago; 
served in the same capacity with the Atlantic, 
Gulf & West Indies Transit Company's rail- 
ways, and with the St. Louis & Southeastern 
Railway, afterward was general manager of the 
Paducah & Elizabethtown Railroad of Kentucky. 
Next he was made auditor, general freight and 
passenger agent, cashier and paymaster of the 
Montana Union Railroad. From 1897 to 1900 
he was the auditor, general freight and passen- 
ger agent of the United Verde & Pacific Rail- 
road, at the end of which period he resigned and 
became the fourth vice-president and secretary 
of the American-Mexican Pacific Railroad, now 
in process of construction. His home for three 
years was in Jerome, but now his headquarters 
and residence are in Tucson. 

For years General Minty has been very active 
in Grand Army circles, and is very popular with 
his comrades. At present his membership is 
with Negley Post, No. i, G. A. R., of Tucson, 
and he has the honor of being the department 
commander of Arizona. He also belongs to the 
California Commandery of the Loyal Legion, 
and is identified with the Masonic order. Ever 
since trie organization of the Republican 
party he has been a stanch adherent of 
the same. Religiously he is an Episcopalian, 
and in all of life's relations is thoroughly honor- 
able, upright and worthy of respect. He is mar- 
ried and has two children, Courteney A., who is 
married and lives in Jerome; and Laura, wife of 
Walter C. Miller, who is manager of the large 
establishment of T. F. Miller & Co., of Jerome. 


Unlike many of the early settlers of the Salt 
River valley, Mr. Brown's life has always been 
associated with the changing and developing 
processes of the far west, and he is therefore 
more familiar than are most with the peculiar 
conditions existing in countries dependent upon 
artificial irrigation. 

The early life of this prosperous business man 
and former member of the territorial assembly 
from Maricopa county, was an interesting one, 
and represents the successful efforts of a man 
who had many obstacles to overcome. He was 
born in San Francisco, Cal., May 23, 1852, and 
is a son of Jeffrey and Bertha (Braza) Brown, 
the latter a native of Mexico. Jeffrey Brown 
spent the greater part of his life as a captain 
upon the seas, and was himself a vessel owner. 
In 1848 he rounded the Horn and arrived in Cal- 
ifornia in the days of gold, and thereafter made 
his home in the land of almost perpetual sun- 
shine. In later life he removed from San Fran- 
cisco to Los Angeles, where was eventually 
terminated his eventful life. 

Samuel Brown was five years of age when his 
father removed to Los Angeles, and there he 
received the education afforded at the public 
schools. His boyhood days were saddened by 
the death of his father when he was but fourteen 
years of age, and, being the oldest child in the 
family, which had previously been entirely de- 



pendent upon the exertions of the father, he was 
almost immediately introduced to the serious 
and responsible side of life. With the courage 
of untried youth he set to work to aid those 
so dependent upon his efforts. When nineteen 
years of age he decided to prepare for the future 
by learning the trade of blacksmith, and in Los 
Angeles, Cal., served an apprenticeship of five 
years. After completing his knowledge of 
blacksmithing he settled in Tempe, Ariz., in 
1878, and was employed by C. T. Hayden in his 
blacksmith shop for several years. In 1883 he 
started an independent business, opening the 
shop for repair and general blacksmithing work 
which has since been successfully conducted. 

In 1878 Mr. Brown married Bertha Gallardo, 
a native of Los Angeles, and of this union there 
have been three children, of whom one only is 
now living, Frances Brown. Mr. Brown has 
various interests aside from the immediate con- 
cern of his business, and has been prominently 
identified with the most important enterprises 
of his locality. He is a firm believer in the 
benefits of education, and his purse and influence 
have invariably been on the side of progress in 
this as in other matters. A Republican of the 
true blue kind, he yet has liberal views regard- 
ing the politics of office holders, and believes in 
voting for the best man regardless of the color of 
his politics. He was honored by the community 
by election as an assemblyman to the twentieth 
territorial legislature from Maricopa county, and 
served in a highly creditable manner for two 
years. During that time he introduced a bill 
which secured an extra appropriation for the 
territorial normal school, amounting to $9,500. 
He is now serving his second term as a member 
of the city council of Tempe. For a number of 
years he has served as a member of the 
Tempe public-school board, and is now president 
of the board of trustees. Fraternally Mr. Brown 
is associated with the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, the United Moderns, and is now 
president of the Spanish-American Alliance, a 
fraternal organization which has its headquarters 
at Tucson. 

He is foremost among the citizens of this 
wonderfully prosperous town of Tempe, and 
his broad and liberal views, and unchanging 
interest in the general welfare, have won for him 

the appreciation and good will of those who 
know of his great value as a worker for progress. 


Prominent for more than two decades in the 
political and professional world of Phoenix, 
Frank Cox is known and honored, not only here, 
but throughout Arizona generally. Politically 
he has always been a Democrat, and his labors 
on behalf of the platform and party of his choice, 
and his zeal in the cause of the right and just, 
speak eloquently of the principles which actuate 
him in all of his relations with the public. 

Mr. Cox is a great-grandson of one of the 
veterans of the Revolution, a Virginian of high 
standing. Ivy H. Cox, a grandson of this gen- 
tleman, and father of the subject of this sketch, 
was born and educated in Virginia. He entered 
the ministry, and was for eighteen years presid- 
ing elder in the Methodist Episcopal confer- 
ence of Western Texas, to which state he had 
removed in 1850. He also served as chaplain of 
a Texas regiment during the Civil war. He 
moved to California in 1868, living for several 
years in San Diego. Thence he came to Ari- 
zona, settling in the town of Florence, and 
turning his attention to the practice of law. He 
was a resident of Phoenix during the last twenty 
years of his life, where he took a very active 
part in political campaigns. His canvass of the 
territory in the interests of King Woolsey is 
still remembered. His wife was Miss Mary J. 
Cook, of Alabama. There were eight children 
as the result of this marriage, Frank Cox being 
the second son. He was born in Belmont, Tex., 
December 5, 1856. He attended Soule Univer- 
sity, in Chapel Hill, Tex., and later continued 
his education in San Diego. 

In 1873, when still a mere boy, he went into 
partnership with J. S. Harbison, and for two 
years conducted an apiary near San Diego. 
Being ambitious, he took up the study of law, 
and in 1879 located in Phoenix. Shortly after 
his arrival here, he was elected secretary and 
treasurer of the Democratic central committee 
of Maricopa county, and in 1881 was elected 
clerk of the board of county supervisors. The 
same year witnessed his admission to the legal 
fraternity, and in 1884 he was elected district 



attorney. That he won the confidence of the 
people in this capacity is evidenced by the fact 
that he was re-elected three successive terms, 
thus serving from the beginning of 1884 to the 
close of 1892. Three times he was nominated 
for this position by acclamation, but his duties 
had been so arduous, and in many respects so 
distasteful, that he declined to allow his name to 
be used as a candidate for the fifth term, and 
has since devoted his attention to the general 
practice of law. He has been the general attor- 
ney for the Southern Pacific Company in Ari- 
zona for seven years, and is also the legal ad- 
viser of the Western Union Telegraph and the 
Wells-Fargo Express Companies, as well as of 
the Maricopa & Phoenix & Salt River Valley 
Railway Company. He was for some time a 
member of the law firm of Cox, Street & Wil- 
liams, which later became Cox & Street. Mr. 
Cox was also associated in business with J. F. 
Wilson, now delegate to congress from Arizona, 
for about a year. On two occasions he was urged 
to become a candidate for delegate to congress 
from Arizona, but declined to do so, preferring 
to devote his attention to his large and growing 
practice. As a lawyer, he ranks among the 
strong men of the territory, and is, at this writ- 
ing, president of the Territorial Bar Associa- 

Mr. Cox is identified with the Maricopa Club 
and is also a Mason of high standing, being a 
member of Arizona Lodge No. 2, F. & A. M.; 
Arizona Chapter No. i, R. A. M.; Phoenix 
Commandery No. 3, K. T., and El Zaribah Tem- 
ple, A. A. O. N. M. S. He was married, Sep- 
tember 16, 1883, to Mrs Annie Boyd, a daugh- 
ter of S. C. Reed, who was one oithe early set- 
tlers on the Pacific coast. 


The town of Cochise, justly regarded as in- 
fantile when compared with the larger and older 
towns in Arizona, is representative of the local- 
ity in which its future is centered, in that it is 
in the first stages of a promising development 
but recently recognized by the world at large. 
Hither have come some substantial and far- 
sighted miners and commercial men, among 
them being Mr. Rath, who is not only hopeful 
of the mining possibilities in the Dragoon moun- 

tains, but has backed his faith and good will by 
investing heavily in mining and other property, 
and acting in the capacity of chief improver of 
the settlement. In fact, it is difficult to under- 
stand how soon the various enterprises so suc- 
cessfully carried on by this enthusiastic pioneer 
would have developed had a man of like energy 
and enterprise not been at the helm. 

Of German parentage, Mr. Rath was born at 
Queens. Queens county, Long Island, N. Y., 
March 25, 1870, and is a son of J. J., Sr., and 
Susie (Antz) Rath, who were born in Germany. 
Until his thirteenth year he remained at home 
and attended the public schools, and at this early 
age started out on his own responsibility to 
make an independent livelihood. For two years 
he found employment in Colorado, and then 
lived in California until 1893, when he settled 
in Arizona. At Bowie Station his perseverance 
was rewarded with the position of chief clerk for 
the Southern Pacific Railroad, which he held for 
four years, and was then transferred to Cochise, 
as station agent, remaining as such from 1897 to 
1899. Upon being made postmaster and Wells- 
Fargo express agent he resigned his position 
with the railroad in 1899, and, while still retain- 
ing the latter-named positions, built up a large 
mercantile business, which he recently sold. 

For the carrying on of his enterprises Mr. 
Rath built a fine large building, which is used as 
an hotel, postoffice and express office, and is 
fitted with all of the requirements of a first- 
class and extensive trade. The traveling public 
are glad to avail themselves of the fair treatment 
accorded them by the genial and obliging pro- 
prietor, whose integrity and sound commercial 
honesty are never questioned. As further evi- 
dence of his devotion to the public cause may 
be mentioned Mr. Rath's successful attempt to 
supply the town with water from a small works 
instigated by himself. He is now able to branch 
out somewhat in this line and is preparing 
to supply the railroad with water. 

To Mr. Rath is due the distinction of having 
located the town of Cochise, for, long before a 
town was thought possible, he homesteaded the 
farm which is the present site, and gave to the 
Golden Queen Mining Company the ground 
upon which they erected their ten-stamp quartz 
mill. This was the beginning of the industries 



here represented, since which time Mr. Rath has 
held out every possible inducement to the out- 
side world to come here with their capital and 
brains, and help in the development of a section 
of wonderful promise. 

In 1896 Mr. Rath married Lulu P>. Olney. a 
daughter of Joseph and Agnes I. Olney, of Sol- 
omonville. Of this Union there is one child, 
Edith, who is two years of age. Although a 
strict party man, and a Republican of indelible 
dye, Mr. Rath is not an aspirant for political 
honors. Rather he prefers to devote his entire 
time to his business and mining pursuits, and to 
a general supervision of the upbuilding of the 
town. He is regarded as one of the most enthu- 
siastic of the advocates of the resources of Ari- 
zona, and his name will be inseparably associ- 
ated with the rise, prosperity, and future history 
of Cochise and the Dragoon mountains. 


Distinction fell to the lot of the subject of this 
memoir when he was just at the threshold of 
early manhood, for in 1886 he was honored by 
election to the legislature of his native state, 
Illinois, representing the Springfield district, and 
upon the expiration of his term was tri- 
umphantly returned by his political friends. In 
the session of 1889 he was the Democratic nom- 
inee for temporary speaker of the house, the 
youngest member ever thus honored in that 

But now, turning backward a few pages in his 
history, it is ascertained that W. E. Jones is a 
son of J. W. and Polly A. (Wills) Jones, natives 
of Kentucky. The father was three years old 
when taken to Sangamon county, 111., and there 
grew to maturity, becoming a well-to-do and 
respected farmer. The birth of his son, W. E., 
occurred near Springfield, October 19, 1856, and 
his boyhood was chiefly spent upon a farm. Sup- 
plementing his district school education by a 
course in the Springfield high school, and train- 
ing for business in the commercial college there, 
he then determined to enter the legal profes- 
sion, and studied under the direction of Hon. 
John M. Palmer. That distinguished states- 
man's name was placed before the house of 
representatives of the Illinois legislature for 

the United States senatorship by W. E. Jones 
in 1889, the latter afterward being a delegate to 
the Democratic national convention of 1896, at 
Chicago. The young man was admitted to the 
bar of his state in 1884, and, as previously stated, 
was a member of the legislature from 1886 to 
1890, making an excellent record. 

Having a strong desire to behold the great 
west, W. E. Jones went to the state of Wash- 
ington, and after practicing his profession mere 
for a short time came to Arizona. This was in 
1892, and with good judgment he decided upon 
Graham county as the place of his abode. The 
same year he was elected district attorney, and 
so thoroughly pleased the public in his adminis- 
tration that he was elected again in 1894, in 1896 
and in 1898. The last time he was absent, serv- 
ing in the United States army, for he had en- 
listed in Company B, First Territorial Volunteer 
Infantry, and, indeed, had been influential in 
organizing the company, then being chosen as 
its first lieutenant. After serving for seven and 
a half months, he was mustered out at Albany, 
Ga., and returned home to resume his duties as 
district attorney, at Solomonville. 

All local enterprises and industries find an 
earnest friend in Mr. Jones, who has invested 
from time to time in many of them. He owns 
some mining property, and, in partnership with 
his sister-in-law, Mrs. Phebe (Bozarth) Jones, 
a native of Sangamon county, 111., owns the 
Jones House, a fine brick hotel building, erected 
in 1900, and well equipped in every particular. 
It is now considered the leading hostelry of 
Graham county, and one of the very best in the 
territory, and commands a large patronage from 
the traveling public, as well as local trade. 

It certainly is totally unnecessary to state that 
Mr. Jones is an enthusiastic advocate of the plat- 
form of the Democratic party. Having formed 
the acquaintance of W. J. Bryan in Washing- 
ton, D. C., early in the '905, he was one of his 
strongest admirers and adherents thereafter. 
One of the delegates to the Chicago convention 
in 1896, where Mr. Bryan was nominated, he 
worked for him heartily in the succeeding elec- 
tion. Fraternally Mr. Jones is a charter mem- 
ber of the Solomonville Lodge of the Knights 
of Pythias, and the same can be said of his 
connection with the lodge of Red Men at Tuc- 


son, Ariz. We feel that he has deeply at heart 
the welfare of the great majority, and by his 
straightforwardness he has won the genuine 
regard of all who know him, here and wherever 
he has dwelt. 


The enterprising town of Benson, with its 
unrivaled location and many business chances, 
numbers among its most faithful and substantial 
citizens Mr. Roemer, agent for the Wells-Fargo 
Express Company, and for numerous building 
and loan associations. 

Of German parentage, Mr. Roemer is pos- 
sessed of the shrewd and thrifty habits which are 
engendered in the average German youth, and 
which invariably insure at least' a competence in 
return for continued application to business. He 
was born in Bowling Green, Ky., February 18, 
1869, and is a son of Gus and Mary (Dicas) 
Roemer, who were natives of Germany, and 
were farmers by occupation. They settled in 
Bowling Green after their marriage, and subse- 
quently died in that place. Their son received 
a common-school education, supplemented by 
attendance at Ogden College. When quite 
young he entered the employ of a large jewelry 
firm, and was then engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness with his brother, Charlie Roemer, for four 
years. Upon emigrating to the west he lived 
in southern California for several months, and 
in 1895 came to Phoenix in the capacity of a 
messenger for the Wells-Fargo Express Com- 
pany, between Ash Fork and Phoenix. In 1897 
he became agent for the same company, with 
headquarters at Benson, which position he still 

As an evidence of his faith in the future of 
Benson and vicinity Mr. Roemer has taken up a 
homestead of one hundred and sixty acres, and 
the same amount of desert land, and anticipates 
good results when the valley shall have been 
irrigated from the proposed artesian wells. At 
the present time he is not only agent for the 
Wells-Fargo Express Company, but for the 
Arizona & Southeastern Express Company as 
well. He is also local treasurer for six building 
and loan companies, three of which are in Den- 
ver: The Fidelity Savings Association, the In- 

dustrial Building & Loan Association, and the 
Columbia Savings & Loan Association ; one is in 
Los Angeles, the Providence Mutual & Loan 
Association; one in Tucson, the Arizona Savings 
and Insurance Company ; and one in San Fran- 
cisco, the Pacific Coast Savings Association. 

The political career of Mr. Roemer has been 
a prominent one, and has reflected great credit 
upon party and representative. He is an un- 
swerving adherent of the Democratic party, and 
in 1898 was secretary of the Democratic county 
committee. In 1900 he was regularly nominated 
and elected to the twenty-first legislature, which 
was the most important in the history of 
the territory. He was chairman of the com- 
mittee on public expenditures and accounts, 
also member of committee on corporations, and 
the committee on county and county boundaries. 
He introduced the bill for the establishment of 
the Reform School at Benson, and it is said that 
without his strenuous efforts the institution 
would not have been secured for this place. 
Fraternally he is a Knight Templar Mason and 
a member of El Zaribah Temple, N. M. S., at 
Phoenix; the Elks at Phoenix, No. 335, and 
the Knights of Pythias at Benson. 


During the period of his residence in Tucson, 
Mr. Hoff, former mayor of this city and ex- 
representative of the Arizona legislature, has 
witnessed the greater part of its upbuilding. His 
business ability and patriotism received early 
recognition, and after serving one term in the 
city council of Tucson, his name was brought 
forward by his Democratic friends, with the re- 
sult that he was nominated and elected to the 
sixteenth general assembly of the territory. 
There he made a fine record, as was confidently 
expected, and introduced more bills than any 
other member of the house. As chairman of the 
ways and means committee, and as chairman of 
the special committee having in charge the 
funding act and also as one. of the judiciary com- 
mittee he rendered the people effective service, 
and met with wide-spread commendation. 
Among the numerous bills which he piloted 
through was that of the Australian ballot system, 
which became a law. Early in 1809 he was 



elected mayor of Tucson, and perhaps the most 
momentous enterprise carried out in his term 
was the purchase of the plant now known as the 
city water-works. Many improvements were 
inaugurated, such as a new sewer system, the 
laying of cement sidewalks and the grading of 

After this brief resume of what he has ac- 
complished for the people, an outline of the 
personal career of Gustav Hoff doubtless will 
prove of general interest. He is a native of 
Prussia, Germany, his birth having taken place 
near the city of Driesen, December 7, 1852. The 
Hoff family is an old one in that locality, and 
his father, Charles F., was the only one of his 
parental household who came to America. His 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Ernestine 
Korth, was born in the same vicinity near 
Driesen, the daughter of a farmer. In his early 
manhood Charles F. Hoff was a miller, and after 
his arrival in this country he built a large Dutch 
wind-mill, for the grinding of corn, at Yorktown, 
Tex., and operated it during the Civil war. In 
1855 he brought his family to the United States, 
and as stated, made his home in Yorktown for 
a number of years. In 1865 they returned to 
Germany, where they remained about two years, 
the father speculating in cotton and coffee, 
meantime. Then, once more, the family turned 
toward the setting sun, and as formerly, made 
the long voyage in a sailing-vessel, this time the 
trip consuming thirteen weeks. The father now 
devoted his attention chiefly to the cattle busi- 
ness, and in 1871 started with his herd along the 
Chisholm trail towards Abilene, Kans. Reach- 
ing Newton, which had been laid out, and 
promised to become a thriving town, he decided 
to locate there, and, having built a store (the 
third one erected in the place) commenced 
transacting a general merchandising business, 
and yet retained his interest in his cattle until 
1874. Then, accompanied by his son Gustav, he 
went to Utah, and for one season engaged in 
freighting ore with mule teams from the Flag- 
staff mine and others in the Little Cottonwood 
caiion in Utah. In 1875 they went to San 
Bernandino, Gal., and then the father returned 
with Mr. Adams to this territory on a mining 
expedition. He died at the age of fifty-eight 
years, in Tucson, after having spent some time 

in the mining regions of New Mexico and 
southern Arizona. His wife had died in Texas, 
and three of their children are still living in that 
state, namely: Julius W. (a merchant), Mrs. 
Emma Earl and Mrs. Lena Metz. Charles F. 
is the superintendent of the Sunset Telephone 
Company of Arizona. 

As he was but three years old when the family 
first sailed to these shores, bound for Galveston, 
Tex., Hon. Gustav Hoff would have had only a 
very slight acquaintance with the German 
language had he not returned to his native land 
at the close of the Civil war here. While in 
Germany, however, he attended the gymnasium, 
or national school about two years, and the re- 
mainder of his education was obtained in private 
schools in Yorktown, Tex. As stated above, he 
had considerable experience on the western 
frontiers, crossing plains and mountains, and be- 
coming familiar with life in many phases. From 
1874 to 1877 he continued in the freighting busi- 
ness in San Bernandino and vicinity, and for the 
three years which followed was a clerk in the 
wholesale house of Hellman, Haas & Co. In 
1881 he came to Tucson for the German Fruit 
Company, and at the end of nine months entered 
the employ of C. Seligmann & Co., remaining 
with their successors, A. Goldschmidt, until the 
business was closed up. Then as a member of 
the firm of Hoff Brothers, he carried on a mer- 
chant brokerage business for a year, after which 
he became a traveling salesman for the grocery 
department of L. Zeckendorf & Co. In 1892 he 
entered into partnership with A. V. Grossetta 
and L. G. Radulovich and established the Tuc- 
son Grocery Company, dealing in wholesale and 
retail lots. They have built up an extensive 
trade, and in 1897 entered into another enter- 
prise, the Tucson Hardware Company, Incor- 

Mr. Hoff also has mining investments and 
from the time of the organizing of the Citizens' 
Building and Loan Association has been its 
secretary. A member of the Board of Trade, he 
has acted as treasurer of the same since it was 
organized. Fraternally he is connected with the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, being past 
master workman of Tucson Lodge No. i, and 
now is the grand receiver of the grand lodge of 
the order in Arizona and New Mexico. More- 




over, he belongs to the lodge and club of the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, is associ- 
ated with the Knights of Pythias and with the 
Uniform Rank of that order; is a member of 
the Woodmen of the World, the Spanish- 
American Alliance, and the National Union. 
For years he has been a member of the county 
central Democratic committee, and is an ex- 
chairman of that body. One of those most 
active in the forming of the A. O. U. W. Hall 
Association, he was chosen as its secretary at 
the start, and is yet serving in that capacity. 

In Los Angeles the marriage of Mr. Hoff and 
Miss Alice A. Ford, who was born in St. Louis, 
Mo., was solemnized September 11, 1880. They 
are the parents of four daughters and one son, 
namely: Mamie, Pearl, Clara, Florence and 
Louis. The eldest daughter, Miss Mamie, has 
made an excellent record as a student, and is a 
graduate of the University of Arizona. The 
family stands high in social circles of Tucson, 
and the children are being given good 


Of all the interesting lives and personalities 
which have matured in the midst of the west, 
and eventually found their way to the erstwhile 
glittering possibilities of Tombstone, the silver 
dream of a departed multitude, none has em- 
bodied in his wanderings and occupations more 
of adventure, romance and courage than has 
characterized the upward struggles of Judge 

A native of the north of Ireland, Judge 
Reilly was born in county Caven in 1830. His 
father, who was ambitious for larger fields of 
activity, left home when his son was four years 
of age, and came to the United States in search 
of a desirable location for the family. His patri- 
otism for his adopted country was the means to 
his end, for he was killed in Texas while partici- 
pating in the revolution, in the battle of San 
Patricio, in 1836. The mother and three chil- 
dren left Ireland in 1849 ar >d settled in New 
York City. The eldest son in the family, Luke, 
had gone to California in 1847 and afterward 
died in Australia. In the summer of 1849 the 
next to the youngest of the children, James, who 
was then nineteen, entered the United States 

army and served for ten years. He was sent to 
Texas and won distinction through fighting the 
Indians in Texas and New Mexico under Gen- 
erals Harney and Twiggs, and was raised 
through all the non-commissioned offices to the 
rank of sergeant-major. After his discharge at 
Fort Hudson, Tex., in August of 1859, ne en ~ 
gaged in the freighting business in Texas, and 
bought an outfit of mules and wagons for the 
purpose. In September of 1860 the Indians ap- 
propriated his mules at Beaver Lake, Tex., and, 
somewhat disillusionized regarding the pros- 
pects of life in the great wilderness of a state, 
he decided to go west. In company with Messrs. 
McCoombs, Walker, Chalmers, and Rooney, he 
included his freighting outfit in the eighteen 
teams and wagons belonging to the party, and 
which were loaded for the sutler at Fort 
Buchanan, Ariz., and crossed the plains to their 
destination. Mr. Reilly had previously visited 
Arizona in 1857 as a soldier, as escort of Cap- 
tain Pope, United States army topographical 
engineers, in charge of an expedition for boring 
for artesian water, on the Staked Plains and in 
New Mexico. 

On arriving at Fort Buchanan Mr. Reilly was 
left entirely alone, as his companions across the 
plains returned to Texas to join the Confederate 
army in the Civil war, which had just been de- 
clared. He remained at the fort and continued 
his former occupation of freighting, his course 
being between the fort and Magdalena. Here, 
as in Texas, he suffered from depredations on 
the part of the Indians, who seemed to entertain 
a fondness for mules, at which second loss he 
disposed of the remaining wagons and went out 
of the freighting business. From a major of the 
Sonora army in Mexico he rented lands and a 
mill in Santa Cruz, and there raised wheat and 
corn and operated the mill for a year. Owing 
to an encounter with a citizen of the place in 
which Mr. Reilly was obliged to terminate the 
citizen's career, he was put in jail, tried, and 
sentenced to four years' banishment to Lower 
California. Although an exile, he was permitted 
to engage in any desired occupation, which hap- 
pened to be mining, and to which he turned his 
attention until 1866. In the meantime he was 
obliged to keep the governor informed as to his 



Upon arriving in Arizona in the latter part of 
1866, having made the journey up the gulf and 
by way of the Colorado river by steamer to 
Yuma, he went to work in the Wickenburg 
mines. In the spring of 1867 he drove a team 
for Louis St. James, freighting between La Pass 
and Prescott. He also worked in the mines at 
Wickenburg for a short time, and in 1868 went 
to Bradshaw, Ariz., prospecting and working 
for wages in the mines. In the fall of the same 
year he went to La Pass, and cut wood on con- 
tract for six months, and then went to Yuma in 
the fall of 1868. While there he engaged in the 
hotel business with a Mr. Bradley, but soon dis- 
continued it, and engaged in the mercantile 
business and contracting for the supply of wood 
at Fort Yuma and Yuma Depot. As a contractor 
for the provisions of the troops at Fort Yuma 
he was fairly successful for about three years 
and in the mean time had been studying law. 
In 1876 he was elected district attorney of Yuma 
county and admitted to the bar. 

The journalistic career of Judge Reilly was 
commenced in 1878 when he published the 
Yuma "Expositor," a periodical removed to 
Phoenix about a year later, and there continued 
for a year, when it passed into other hands. In 
the mean time he had been accumulating a li- 
brarv of over three hundred law volumes, which 
he took with him upon removing to Tombstone 
in 1880. Here, from a comparatively small be- 
ginning, he was eventually rewarded for having 
chosen this as his permanent abiding place, the 
goal having of course been intercepted at times 
by downs as well as ups. In 1880 he was ap- 
pointed justice of the peace, and he is also a 
notary public. In 1863, in Phoenix, he married 
Miss Nicolasa Ruiz, who is a native of California 
and of Mexican parentage. Covering a period 
of twenty-six years of law practice, twenty-one 
of which have been passed in Tombstone, he has 
gathered together a splendid library of one 
thousand and five hundred volumes, which is a 
special matter of pride with this earnest student 
of affairs and legal science, In his practice a 
specialty is made of the laws governing mining, 
in the expounding of which he is one of the 
authorities in the territory. In other ways an 
admirable citizen and friend, he is an integral 
part of the present solidity of Tombstone, a man 

of strong character and distinct individuality, 
whom to know is to respect. 


The life of Judge Lovell has been an interest- 
ing one, and furnishes many evidences of the 
power of mind and determination over adverse 
and even discouraging circumstances. As a 
member of the Tucson bar he has proved his 
worthiness to be numbered among the most 
capable and enterprising of the exponents of 
legal science in the territory. 

A native of Muhlenberg county, Ky., Judge 
Lovell was born November 5, 1836, and is a 
son of Ira J. Lovell, who was born in Logan 
county, Ky. The paternal grandfather, Michael, 
was a native of Maryland, on the Chesapeake, 
and early settled in Kentucky, where he eventu- 
ally died. His son, Ira, followed his example, 
and was a farmer during the years of his ac- 
tivity. In 1852 he undertook the journey across 
the plains, and settled near San Jose, Cal., 
where he died in 1897, at the age of eighty-six 

The mother of Judge Lovell was formerly 
Ann Laurette Campbell, and was born in Muh- 
lenberg county, Ky. The ancestry of the Camp- 
bell family is Scotch, and the great-great-grand- 
father, Alexander, was born in Scotland, and 
upon emigrating to America settled in what is 
now Kentucky, where he engaged in farming. 
The great-grandfather was born on his father's 
farm, and was also a farmer, as was the next 
in succession, William C, the paternal grand- 
father. William C. Campbell served with dis- 
tinction in the war of 1812, as an officer in the 
Kentucky Line. The Campbells were all mem- 
bers of the Methodist Church, and were people 
of high moral and intellectual character. Mrs. 
Lovell was a niece of Col. Hugh McNary, who 
formerly lived in Columbia, S. C. In 1824, when 
Lafayette last visited the United States, Colonel 
McNary, as colonel of the South Carolina 
troops, escorted him from the line of North Car- 
olina to Columbia, S. C., and, after the celebra- 
tion, across the Georgia line. At that time 
Mrs. Lovell was on a visit to Georgia, and was 
one of the party of fifty little girls that walked 
before the general, strewing flowers in his path- 



way. Mrs. Lovell died in California in 1890. 
She was the mother of ten children, six sons 
and four daughters, of whom three sons and 
three daughters are now living, Judge Lovell 
being the oldest in the family. 

The first event of importance in the life of Wil- 
liam M. Lovell was when he went, in 1850, to 
Saline county, Mo., where, with his parents and 
seven of the children, he assisted in the prep- 
arations for crossing the plains to California. 
At the end of eighteen months was enacted a 
scene so familiar in the early days, and which 
from the distant present is viewed with so much 
of the romantic environment. In the large train 
that wound its way through the sparsely settled 
country were many ox-teams and wagons, and 
thecaravanwas enlarged by the presence of cattle 
which were driven the whole distance. After five 
months and fifteen days they arrived in San 
Jose, Cal., on October i, 1852, and during the 
following years William assisted his father in 
the improvement of his farm of several hundred 
acres in the Santa Clara valley. 

In 1858 Mr. Lovell started out on a prospect- 
ing tour up the Frazier river to British Colum- 
bia, and upon his return, in the fall of the same 
year, entered the University of the Pacific, at 
Santa Clara, from which he was graduated in the 
class of 1862, with the degree of Bachelor of 
Science. He then began the study of law with 
Judge Archer, at San Jose, and was admitted to 
the bar of California in 1863. Subsequently for 
eighteen years he engaged in the practice of 
his profession with Judge Archer, at San Jose, 
and also served for three terms as district attor- 
ney of. Santa Clara county, Cal. In 1878 Mr. 
Lovell became interested in mining in Yavapai 
county, Ariz., and in 1882 located in Tucson, 
where he engaged in the general practice of 
law. and also continued his mining enterprises. 
For two terms he served as district attorney of 
Pima county, and had previously served as dep- 
uty district attorney for the same length of time. 
In 1892 he was elected on the Democratic ticket 
to the seventeenth council of the legislature, and 
during the time of service introduced measures 
of importance to the territory. 

At San Jose, Cal., Judge Lovell was united 
in marriage with Mildred L. Welch, who was 
born in Molt county, Mo. Of this union there 

are four children, viz: Gussie, who is now the 
wife of Gen. L. H. Manning, of Tucson; Lau- 
rette, Mrs. W. E. Francis, of Tucson, who is an 
artist of prominence in the territory, and who, 
during the World's Fair at Chicago, was hon- 
ored by being appointed lady commissioner; 
Lawrence Archer, who is superintendent of the 
L. H. Manning Company, of Los Angeles, Cal.; 
and Ira Welch, who is a graduate of the Tucson 
high school. Mr. Lovell is variously interested 
in the affairs of his adopted city, and is one of 
the most enterprising and enthusiastic advocates 
of the benefits to be derived from association with 
this wonderful territory of prominence. He is 
a member of the Territorial Bar Association and 
is recognized as among the stanch Democrats 
of Arizona. 


Much of the time for the past eleven years 
Gen. H. F. Robinson, of Phoenix, has taken a 
prominent part in the Arizona National Guard, 
and with just pride in this grand body of mili- 
tary men, often has participated in reviews and 
maneuvers. In March, 1890, this patriotic 
descendant of a worthy hero of the Revolution- 
ary war enlisted as a private in Company B, 
First Arizona Infantry, and April 27, 1891, was 
made second lieutenant of that company. A 
year later, April 15, 1892, he was appointed to 
serve on the staff of Governor Irwin, as in- 
spector of small-arms practice, his rank being 
that of captain. However, by an amendment 
to the code in 1893, the rank was changed to that 
of a major. After five years of service in that 
capacity at his own request, in August, 1897, he 
was placed upon the retired list. August 5, 
1898, he was commissioned by Governor Mur- 
phy as adjutant-general, with the rank of 
brigadier-general, and for the past two years he 
has maintained an office for the transaction of 
his military affairs, at his own expense. 

The great-grandfather of this popular young 
officer was Isiaah Robinson, who enlisted in a 
Connecticut regiment and served in the war for 
independence. He was of English descent, a 
native of the Nutmeg state, and a pioneer farmer 
of Vermont. In that state occurred the birth of 
his son, Dr. Daniel Robinson, grandfather of 



the general. He was a student of that celebrated 
pioneer physician, Dr. Benjamin Rush, and after 
practicing his profession in Bennington, Vt., for 
some years, removed to Wisconsin. This event 
took place in 1846, when the state was but lit- 
tle improved, but long prior to his death he was 
in the possession of a good practice in Manito- 
woc county, Wis. 

The parents of our subject are Henry M. and 
Anna A. (Fulwiler) Robinson, natives of New 
York and Pennsylvania, respectively. The 
father, whose birthplace was in the town of 
Mexico, resided in Wisconsin from 1846 until 
after the close of the Civil war and now lives in 
Indianapolis, Ind. He has been a commercial 
traveler most of his mature life, and now is re- 
tired from business. During the Civil war he 
served in the First United States Mechanics 
Fusileers until the regiment was mustered out. 
His wife, who was a native of Shippensburg, Pa., 
died in the Centennial year, in Illinois. Her 
family is a very old one in the Keystone state, 
as it was founded there in 1740 by a German, 
John Fulwiler. His son Abraham, and grand- 
son John Fulwiler, father of Mrs. Robinson, 
were born in Pennsylvania, the latter in Perry 
county. He was an iron foundryman and after 
removing to Lexington, 111., as he did in his 
prime, he was a merchant, until his death. Of 
the three surviving children of Henry M. and 
Anna A. Robinson, W. H. is manager of the 
Phoenix Trust Company and Mrs. J. C. Sartelle 
lives in Chicago, 111. 

Gen. H. F. Robinson was born June 7, 1865, 
in Lexington, McLean county, 111., and was 
reared in that state and in Wisconsin. Having 
completed his studies in the Milwaukee high 
school, at the age of fourteen he became a book- 
keeper, and later turned his attention to the 
manufacturing of maps. In 1895 he joined the 
surveying corps of the St. Paul Railroad, and 
was employed in western Iowa and northern 
Wisconsin until 1887. Since the year mentioned 
he has resided in Phoenix, for some time being 
employed by companies engaged in the laying 
out of canals on the northern side of the Salt 
river. After being an assistant for a period, he 
became chief civil engineer of the work, and is 
still holding that position. All of the canals in 
which he was interested have been consolidated 

under the management of the Arizona Water 
Company. For eighteen months he superin- 
tended the construction of the city water-works 
of Phoenix, and has executed many other con- 
tracts along the line of civil engineering. 

Politically General Robinson is a stanch Re- 
publican. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Sons of Veterans, the Society of the War of 
1812 of Ohio, and the Sons of the American 
Revolution. In fact, he organized the local so- 
ciety of the last-named order, and was its presi- 
dent for three terms, or until he resigned. That 
he stands high in his profession is indicated by 
his having been called to the secretaryship of 
the Arizona Society of Civil Engineers, which 
office he now holds. He built a pleasant modern 
residence at No. 522 North First avenue, and 
the lady who presides over its hospitalities pos- 
sesses an excellent education and is as popular 
in society as is her husband. Prior to their 
marriage, which took place in this city, she bore 
the name of Lida Parce. She was born in 
Michigan, and finished her literary education at 
Albion College. 


The flourishing town of Nogales, with its pos- 
sibilities of growth, and varied commercial and 
other interests, would seem to hold special in- 
ducements for young professional men who look 
forward to the future with enthusiastic expecta- 
tions. As a member of the legal profession, Mr. 
McCurdy has so far found his surroundings of 
a particularly pleasing and remunerative nature, 
and his special aptitude for, and sound under- 
standing of, the law have won for him a large 
patronage and a host of friends. In January, 
1901, he formed a law partnership with William 
J. Ekey, under the firm title of McCurdy & 

Until seven years of age Mr. McCurdy lived at 
Osceola, Mich., .where he was born January 8, 
1875. His parents, James and Helen (Prescott) 
McCurdy, took their young son to the far west, 
where, in Sacramento, Cal., he received a sub- 
stantial home training, and an excellent educa- 
tion in the public and other schools. Follow- 
ing a long and earnestly cherished inclination, he 
began the study of law with the law firm of Al- 



exander, Miller & Gardner, and was admitted to 
practice at San Francisco, Cal., in 1897. For a 
year he practiced law in that city, and then came 
to Nogales, opened an office, and started in a 
general law practice. In addition to the outside 
work which commands his attention, he is the 
attorney for P. Sandoval & Co., bankers. 

In politics a Republican, Mr. McCurdy is ac- 
tively interested in local matters, and was secre- 
tary for the Republican county central commit- 
tee for one year. He is a member of the Mc- 
Kinley and Roosevelt League, and is secretary 
of the same. Fraternally he is associated with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Lodge 
No. 95, at San Francisco. Like all who live in 
the mining districts of Arizona, he is interested 
in the prolific outpouring of valuable ore, and 
has prospected to a considerable extent. He 
has the pluck and determination to overcome 
any reasonable obstacle that may come his way, 
and the pleasing personal traits of character 
which so greatly aid in the accomplishment of 
all purposes. 


A criminal lawyer at recognized erudition and 
profound legal research, Judge Ebenezer Will- 
iams, a member of the bench and bar of Nogales, 
has a reputation extending beyond the confines 
of his resourceful little town, and may be said to 
belong to the territory in general as well as to 
the bi-national city. 

A native of Pittsburg, Pa., Judge Williams 
was born October 3, 1830, and is a son of Eben- 
ezer and Margaret (Jones) Williams. His youth 
was fortunately surrounded with excellent edu- 
cational advantages, and culminated with the 
training received at Allegheny College. While 
still a youth he had decided upon the profession 
which should engage his mature years, and as a 
preliminary entered the office of George P. 
Hamilton, attorney, and in due time was ad- 
mitted to practice in the supreme court of Penn- 
sylvania, and in the United States court. For a 
time he practiced in his native city, and in 1860 
went to the present site of Minneapolis, Minn., 
which was then but a sorry prediction of its pres- 
ent prominence among the cities of the country. 
With the breaking out of the war he returned to 

Pennsylvania, and enlisted in the One Hundred 
and First Volunteer Infantry as first lieutenant, 
under command of the old war governor of 
Pennsylvania, Andrew Curtin. After the battles 
of Fair Oaks and Seven Pines he was breveted 
major, and as a member of the army of the Po- 
tomac, participated in all of the important bat- 
tles, as aid to General Wessels. 

With the restoration of peace Mr. Williams 
returned to Pittsburg, and continued the prac- 
tice of law until 1880, at which time he removed 
to the far west and practiced for two years in 
San Diego, Cal. His first association with the 
territory of Arizona began in 1884, when he 
settled in Mohave county, and practiced law in 
Mineral Park. His ability received early recog- 
nition, for he was soon elected district attorney 
for Mohave county, and held the position for 
two years. After a subsequent short residence 
in San Diego, he came to Nogales, in 1891, and 
opened a law office. His various duties included 
that of city attorney, and attorney for the 
Nogales Building & Loan Association. In the 
fall of 1897 he was elected superintendent of the 
public schools of Pima county, but relinquished 
his position when the separation of Pima and 
Santa Gruz counties occurred in March of 1898, 
preferring to remain in his own county. At the 
time Governor Murphy appointed him probate 
judge and first superintendent of schools for the 
new county of Santa Cruz. 

Judge Williams is one of the most substantial 
of the citizens of Nogales, who have demon- 
strated an abiding faith in its ultimate rank 
among the largest and most enterprising cities 
of the territory. His career is a matter ol pride 
to all who are associated with him in whatsoever 
capacity, and his numerous claims for recogni- 
tion are based upon the possession of those 
attributes which insure lasting good to the com- 
munity of which he is a member. He has a per- 
fect command of the Spanish language, and is 
one of the most delightful as well as forceful ex- 
temporaneous speakers in the territory. The 
readiness with which he can comply with a re- 
quest for a speech, upon a multitude of subjects, 
has aroused the wonder and admiration of the 
public men with whom he is associated in dif- 
ferent parts of the territory. An instance is cited 
when he was called upon to reply to the word 

1 62 


Rebekah, at the reception of the Grand Lodge in 
Tucson of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, at which time he went upon the platform 
without any previous preparation, and delivered 
an eulogy that was afterwards widely printed, and 
mentioned with many expressions of apprecia- 
tion and wonder. Judge Williams has at his 
command an extensive vocabulary, a ready and 
fine wit, and an elegance of expression, which is 
convincing, pleasing, and altogether acceptable. 
Fraternally Judge Williams is associated with 
Masonic Lodge No. 240, at Sonora, Mexico, 
also is a member of the Odd Fellows, and noble 
grand of Lodge No. 9, at Nogales; past grand 
secretary of the Territorial Grand Lodge, and 
past chancellor of the Knights of Pythias in 
Nogales. Politically he has always been a stanch 
Republican. While a resident of Pittsburg he mar- 
ried Miss Jane Gallaher, of that city. They have 
had three children, viz., Ross, deceased ; Bertha, 
deceased, and Brady, at home. Judge and Mrs. 
Williams are attendants of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. 


The many and ofttimes complicated legal af- 
fairs of Tombstone have a capable and erudite 
adjuster in Charles S. Clark, who has resided 
within the boundaries of this interesting town 
since 1879. To no one are the early successes 
which made the founding of the city possible, 
and the later vicissitudes which robbed it of its 
prestige among the great mining centers of the 
country, more familiar than to Mr. Clark. Nor 
have any clung more persistently and faithfully 
to their belief in a city of substantial growth, 
which should replace the magic building of the 
rapid seekers after wealth. At first a speculative 
and experimental miner, Mr. Clark grew in 
rapid favor in the midst of his new surroundings, 
and in 1884 was appointed postmaster of the 
town of his adoption. After five years he turned 
his attention almost entirely to the practice of 
his profession, and has been amply rewarded for 
his conscientious and painstaking work by the 
patronage and appreciation of his fellow citizens. 

The greater part of his life Mr. Clark has spent 
in rugged and unconventional parts of the world, 
and many interesting adventures have been 
added to the list of his remembrances. Like 

several of his townsmen, he came originally from 
New York state, where he was born at Oswego 
in 1833. His parents, Eli and Christina (Van 
Olinda) Clark, were also born in New York, 
where they spent the greater part of their lives. 
Fortunate in educational advantages, their son 
received his training at Falley Seminary, Ful- 
ton, N. Y., from which he was graduated in 1849, 
subsequently entering Union College, in the 
regular course. The adventure which has been 
of frequent occurrence in later years began in 
1852, at which time he started on an expedition 
to Central America, with Colonel Blanco, and 
remained there in the midst of many exciting 
details until the capture and execution of Colo- 
nel Walker in 1856. While on the Pacific coast 
he made many trips to Panama, New Orleans, 
and other points in filibustering expeditions and 
had many hairbreadth escapes. 

In 1853 Mr. Clark undertook a trip to the 
northwest Hudson bay and Yukon region, and 
lived in the frozen arctic north for thirteen 
months. Upon returning, he studied law with 
an uncle, Chauncy Clark, at Sodus, N. Y., but 
went to Wyandotte, Kans., in 1857, remaining 
there a few months. While in Kansas he at- 
tained to political prominence, and was elected 
to the territorial legislature from Allen county. 
In April of 1861 he was delegated by the citi- 
zens of Allen county to raise a regiment of cav- 
alry of the First Kansas Volunteers, known as 
Clark's Battalion, of which he was put in com- 
mand, and during a part of the service was with 
Canby's forces in New Mexico. He later served 
on the court-martial at Leavenworth for eight 
months, and for six months was under Gen. 
Tom Ewing in Missouri. Upon being ordered 
south he participated in the capture of Little 
Rock, Ark., by General Steele, and at the time 
commanded a brigade under General Davidson. 
He later joined the expedition to Mexico, and 
as a member of the Red River expedition met 
General Price at Panola. He also commanded 
a regiment of cavalry at Devall Bluff, Ark. 

After his discharge from the service, in March 
of 1865, Colonel Clark located in Franklin 
county, Kans., and engaged in the interesting 
occupation of milling flour, and also ran a saw- 
mill. He was also general manager of the rail- 
road from Paola to Leroy, in Kansas, and 



through this transaction became the loser of 
$50,000. Somewhat disillusionized as to fur- 
ther residence in Kansas, he located at Long- 
view, Tex., on the Texas Pacific and the Inter- 
national and Great Northern Railroads, and was 
variously interested in the milling and lumber 
business and in the practice of law. For a time 
.he was attorney for the Great Northern Railroad. 
In 1878 he sought the possibilities of Arizona, 
and in 1879 located in Tombstone. In addition to 
the responsibilities incurred through his legal 
practice, he has ever been vitally interested in the 
undertakings of the Democratic party, and in 
1891 was elected to the legislature and was 
speaker of the house. 

Mrs. Clark was formerly Henrietta Bertrand, 
daughter of Joseph H. Bertrand, of Kansas. She 
is the mother of two daughters: Lorrie, the wife 
of T. W. Brown, of Tombstone, and Nellie, mar- 
ried to Thomas Edson Tarbell, also of Tomb- 
stone. Colonel Clark is fraternally associated 
with the Masons in Kansas, and with 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen at 
Tombstone. In 1900 he was elected to the 
Grand Lodge and has been financier of the 
local lodge for thirteen years. He was for 
some time commander of the Burnside 
Post of the Grand Army of the Republic. He 
is one of the substantial and reliable men of 
Tombstone, and stands in the front ranks among 
the members of his profession. 

The settings which necessarily go hand in 
hand with the narrative of the life of Judge 
James Monroe Sanford are prolific of historical 
and romantic suggestions, which range in their 
extent and variety from the very early settlers 
along the New England coast, through the once 
peaceful shades of Arcadia, immortalized by 
Longfellow, into the realms of the horror-laden 
days of witchcraft. More modern but yet more 
interesting are the journeys of the present-day 
Sanfords, their associations with the awakening 
of the different parts of America from the 
primeval sleep, that had only been lightly dis- 
turbed by the tread of the fleet-footed Indian 
and the tramp of the buffalo herds. Of the dar- 
ing men who penetrated the wilds of Arizona 
in the beginning of the '6os, few remain to tell 

the tale of their conflict with the dangerous and 
law-ignoring element, and their subsequent con- 
quering of the same. 

Arriving here in the winter of 1861-62 from 
Sacramento, Cal., Judge Sanford is the oldest 
resident of Arizona north of the Gila river and 
east of Fort Mohave. The family is of English 
descent and was first represented in America by 
three brothers, one of whom settled in South 
Stonington, Conn., another in Virginia, and the 
third settled in Illinois while it was yet a ter- 
ritory. The original name was Sandford, but 
as the brothers sailed for this country the purser 
of the vessel inadvertently changed the name 
to Sanford, and as such it has since continued. 
Judge Sanford is descended from the Stoning- 
ton branch, the members of which were prom- 
inent in the early history of Connecticut, and 
from which also comes William Sanford of Cali- 

On the maternal side there is the old Puritan 
stock of Salem, Mass., with their strange and 
unyielding austerity, and their cherished belief 
in witchcraft. In fact, up to the time of Judge 
Sanford's mother, who bore the maiden name 
of Sarah Wooliver and was a daughter of Caleb 
Wooliver, there still remained a lurking belief 
in the horrible prevalence of human witches. 
The Wooliver family originated in Germany. 
Caleb Wooliver was born in the Dutch colony 
of Halifax, Nova Scotia, was reared in the 
Dutch colony of Albany, N. Y., and enlisted in 
the Revolutionary war, but before the close of 
hostilities was taken back to Halifax as a pris- 
oner of war. Subsequently he settled in Nova 
Scotia and married a Miss Hunt. Judge San- 
ford's father, James Sanford, was born in New 
Brunswick, and spent his life in the regions 
around the bay of Fundy. 

James Monroe Sanford was born in Nova 
Scotia November 21, 1821, and was educated 
in the town of Douglas. From a long line of 
ancestors similarly gifted he inherited a genius 
for the mechanical side of things, which was 
early developed and turned to practical account. 
In 1844, at the age of twenty-three, he was 
seriously handicapped by uncertain health, and, 
having expended several hundred dollars on 
doctors without any help, he was finally fortu- 
nate in falling under the successful treatment 



of Dr. Shutliff, of Brooklyn. In accordance 
with the doctor's suggestion he traveled exten- 
sively through Canada and the northeast states, 
and was greatly benefited. In 1847 ne went to 
St. Louis, and was employed on a contract for 
the construction of the officers' quarters at Fort 
Jefferson. In 1849, with a large train of emi- 
grants bound for California and the gold fields, 
he started overland from Cooper's Ferry. Upon 
locating in Sacramento he engaged in building 
and contracting, and in placer mining at 
Weaverville. He was identified with the early 
history of Sacramento and got out some of the 
timber for the first buildings in the town. In 
1850 he went to Yuba and located some claims 
at Long Bar, from which he took out $1,200 in 
a few weeks. After six months of successful 
work there, he went to Doneville, on the Yuba, 
at Little Rich Bar, where he located claims that 
enabled him to leave the district with a fair 
supply of gold dust, of which he had enough to 
make him quite weary before he reached his 
journey's end. He made the trip on horseback. 
A Mr. Zumwalt, who made the. same trip, had 
his mule loaded exclusively with gold dust. In 
search of a desirable location Judge Sanford 
purchased teams at Marysville, and traveled 
over the Sacramento bottom, settling in 1851 
upon a farm in what is called the Sutter Pocket. 
Three hundred and sixty acres were entered, on 
which he began to farm and raise fruit, remain- 
ing there for eleven years, when the property 
was disposed of for $5,500. 

A change of location was effected in 1861, 
when, during the latter part of the winter, Judge 
Sanford settled in Needles, on the Arizona side, 
and, in partnership with John Brown, of San 
Bernardino, built the first ferry-boat on the 
Colorado river, at Fort Mohave. A subsequent 
undertaking was the management of a farm on 
Cottonwood Island in the Colorado river, but 
he objected to the Pinte Indians gathering his 
crops, and removed down on the Verde in 
Yavapai county. There he helped to establish 
a settlement near the famous Camp Verde mili- 
tary post. He had zealously petitioned General 
Wright, of San Francisco, to send troops for the 
protection of the settlers in the Colorado val- 
ley, but they did not arrive until he had located 
on the Verde. In this district he again, took up 

farming, but again the Indians molested to such 
an extent that the settlement was broken up. 
After the Indians had ruined his prospects there, 
he settled in Prescott, then but little more than 
a town site. Here he started the first saw mill 
and turned out lumber for the erection of the 
buildings. Incidentally he had a little ranch on 
the Granite creek and engaged in horticulture, 
but the frost proved a formidable rival, and 
destroyed the fruit. For twenty-four years he 
remained in Prescott, and during that time han- 
dled immense quantities of lumber, and for ten 
years had the monopoly of making chimneys, 
his mechanical skill contriving many excellent 
devices for improving draft and disposing of 
smoke. In Prescott also he attained consider- 
able popularity as a nurse, for which he was 
well prepared by reason of his extended expe- 
rience in nursing the soldiers returned from the 
Mexican war. Many times in the west he was 
called upon to officiate in severe cases, especially 
where amputation of a limb was necessary and 
good treatment essential. In 1881, when the 
Santa Fe Railroad was being constructed from 
Albuquerque to Needles, he was engaged at dif- 
ferent camps along the route in furnishing lum- 
ber for the camps. 

In the fall of 1862 Judge Sanford left Fort 
Mohave in company with twelve others on a 
mining expedition, the Indians having told them 
of a rich find. On the fourth day out the Indians 
began to surround them and act in a menacing 
manner, and Judge Sanford, with one other 
comrade, thought discretion the better part of 
valor, and hastily beat a retreat. Of the ten who 
continued to chase the gold phantom of the 
Indians' brains only two returned, the others 
having fallen victims of the savages. In 1884 
Judge Sanford located a ranch near Williams 
and invested $2,000 in cattle, also bought a good 
brood of mares, and proceeded to raise cattle 
and horses. For eight years he was success- 
fully engaged in this enterprise, and then, con- 
cluding that advancing years were a hindrance 
to life in the saddle, he sold out his business. 
In 1882 he was appointed justice of the peace 
and was afterward re-elected or appointed six 
different times, serving in all fourteen years. 
This position has afforded an excellent oppor- 
tunity for ridding the locality of undesirable 



personages, especially horse thieves and marau- 
ders. Under the regime of Judge Sanford they 
have been induced either to give up their unlaw- 
ful methods of doing business, or transfer them 
to other and less quiet districts. 

Judge Sanford owes his election to the inde- 
pendence of the people, for he claims allegiance 
to no particular party. He is a socialist in the 
broadest sense of the word, and believes in the 
right of every individual to hold all that he earns 
in this world. While pursuing a busy and tire- 
less career he has accumulated a large property, 
owning in all twenty-eight and one-half lots in 
Williams, besides many buildings, and formerly 
had ninety-three lots and many buildings in 
Prescott. Strange to say, this earnest pioneer 
has had no sharer of his fortunes, for he has 
never married. 


The active life of this highly respected citizen 
of Kingman has been mainly passed in the west. 
It may be truly said that wherever he has dwelt 
the community has been made better, for he 
has ever sought to benefit his fellowmen, and has 
not been actuated alone by a desire for material 
prosperity. In the record of his long and useful 
life there are many lessons to be gleaned and an 
example is presented well worthy of the emula- 
tion of the young. 

Born in Delaware county, N. Y., in 1829, Wil- 
liam G. Blakely was reared on a farm and at- 
tended the district school at Kortright, the vil- 
lage academy at Delhi, and later was graduated 
from the State Normal School at Delhi, after 
which he taught school two years. With the 
high principles of honor inherited from his 
Scotch ancestors he desired to assist in the edu- 
cation of his brothers and sisters and to aid his 
parents financially, and was therefore in a mood 
to seek the gold fields of California when the 
excitement of 1849 prevailed throughout the 
country. His commendable ambitions were 
happily realized, as, after passing four years in 
California, he returned home and paid off the 
mortgage on his father's farm. He then began 
the study of law in the office of Amasa and 
Amasa J. Parker at Delhi. On completing his 
studies he returned to the Pacific slope, where 

he followed his profession and also devoted 
much attention to mining. 

While residing near Sonora, Cal., in 1858, he 
discovered the Eureka mine, where he built and 
for two years operated a quartz mill. In 1861 he 
removed to Carson City, Nev., and having previ- 
ously pursued a thorough theological course and 
been licensed as a local preacher by the Cali- 
fornia Methodist Episcopal conference he pro- 
ceeded to labor in the Nevada field, visiting all 
parts of the territory and arousing great interest 
and religious activity in many localities. In 1861 
Governor Nye appointed him superintendent of 
public instruction for Nevada, and during his 
term he accomplished a great deal for the cause 
of education. After establishing his home in 
Austin, Nev., he erected one of the handsomest 
Methodist Episcopal churches in the territory 
and for a long time officiated as its pastor. Be- 
sides his work as pastor he continued to mine 
extensively and also built a large quartz mill in 
Smoky valley for the purpose of treating ore 
derived from the Mother Vein mine. In 1868 he 
settled in Pioche, Nev., where he continued in 
mining and ministerial work. 

In 1872 he came to Arizona and until the 
county seat was changed to Kingman lived at 
Cerbat and Mineral Park, and there located and 
developed a number of mines, also practiced law. 
Elected judge of the county court, he held that 
important office until it was abolished by act of 
legislature. Then Governor Zulick appointed 
him probate judge and ex-officio superintendent 
of schools. In 1886 he was elected district at- 
torney for Mohave county and soon afterward 
was appointed United States commissioner, 
which position he occupied about fourteen years. 
On the Republican ticket, in a strongly Demo- 
cratic county, he was twice elected district at- 
torney, filling the office from November, 1886, 
until 1901. His private practice is extensive and 
representative, as he is the attorney for the 
Santa Fe at this point, also legal adviser for the 
White Hills Mining and Milling Company, and 
resident agent and attorney for a large share 
of the leading mining and business companies 
and corporations in 'Mohave county. 

As in the past. Judge Blakely is an important 
factor in the advancement of the cause of Chris- 
tianity in his community. At Kingman he built 



the only Methodist Episcopal church that has 
been erected in the county and most of the time 
since he has occupied its pulpit. As a local 
preacher in the Arizona Mission conference, and 
a great worker in the Kingman circuit, in which 
are situated Chloride and numerous thriving 
mining towns, he certainly is a power for good. 
He is a member of the Good Templars and a 
stanch temperance worker. Fraternally he is 
connected with the Odd Fellows, Masons and 
Knights of Pythias, besides various social organ- 

At Kortright, N. Y., September 5, 1853, Judge 
Blakely married Susan Elizabeth Wilson, 
youngest daughter of Rev. Samuel Wilson of 
that town, and who, during his entire active life, 
was a minister of the Reformed Presbyterian 
Church. Mrs. Blakely's death occurred in King- 
man August 20, 1899. Of her marriage were 
born four sons and two daughters, of whom 
three sons survive, all being interested with their 
father in mining. They are named as follows : 
Ross H., clerk of the district court for the 
fourth judicial district ; Lew, editor of the Ari- 
zona Arrow, published at Kingman, and John 
E., who is engaged in mining in the Aubrey and 
Owens districts. The sons are regarded as 
among the representative younger men of Mo- 
have county. 


In past ages the history of a country was a 
record of wars and conquests; today it is the 
record of commercial activity, and those whose 
names are foremost in its annals are the leaders 
in business circles. A man of keen perception, 
of great sagacity and unbounded enterprise, Mr. 
Price has become one of the most prominent and 
influential men in the different communities 
where he has resided. He now makes his home 
in Phoenix, and has become prominently identi- 
fied with her business interests. 

He was born at Black River Falls, Wis., 
December 2, 1859, and is a son of Hon. William 
T. Price, a native of Hollidaysburg, Pa., to 
which state his family removed from Virginia. 
When a lad of fourteen the father went to Mount 
Pleasant, Iowa, where he spent two years, and 
then to Black River Falls, Wis., where he was 

extensively engaged in the manufacture of 
lumber. He was also interested in mills at 
Davenport and other places on the Mississippi, 
and was very successful in his business affairs. 
His worth and ability were widely recognized 
and he was honored with several very important 
official positions. He was a member of the 
lower house of the Wisconsin legislature in 1851 
and 1882, and the state senate in 1857, 1870. 
1871, 1878, 1879, 1880 and 1881. In 1883 he was 
elected to congress, and was a member of the 
forty-eighth and forty-ninth session. He was 
also elected for the fiftieth, but died in 1886, 
before the close of the forty-ninth congress. 
Politically he was a very strong Republican, and 
several times was a state elector. In early life 
he married Julia Campbell, a native of Ontario, 
Canada. She now resides at Black River Falls, 
Wis. By this union were born four children. 
Those living are: Hugh H., and Margaret. 
Those deceased are May and William. 

Hugh H. Price was graduated from the Black 
River Falls high school in 1876, and the follow- 
ing year entered the University of Wisconsin 
but left that institution in 1880, during his senior 
year, to enter upon his business career. For 
some years he was connected with his father in 
the manufacture of lumber, and like that gentle- 
man took quite an active and prominent part in 
public affairs. He was a member of the Black 
River Falls city council and supervisor of Jack- 
son county, Wis. At a special election held in 
1886 he was elected a member of congress to 
fill the vacancy caused by his father's death, re- 
ceiving the largest majority of any candidate on 
the ticket. His district comprised fifteen 
counties. He served for a short time during the 
forty-ninth congress, but refused a renomina- 
tion. He was a member of the Wisconsin state 
senate during the sessions of 1889 and 1891, and 
helped pass the Bennett law and re-elect John 
C. Spooner as United States senator. He was 
vice-president of the Wisconsin World's Fair 
board in 1893, and spent most of the summer in 
Chicago. As president of the Price Manu- 
facturing Company he continued to engage in 
business at Black River Falls until coming west. 
He also controlled the water power at that 
place, and the first electric light plant estab- 
lished there, and had flouring mills at Hickson 



and Taylor, VVis. In 1887 he established the 
First National Bank at Black River Falls, and 
was its president. 

In 1894 Mr. Price removed to Graham, N. M., 
and organized the Helen Mining Company, 
which opened mines and built a mill seventy-five 
miles northwest of Silver City in the Cooney 
mining district of Socorro county, N. M., when 
there was not a building there. After putting 
the business on a good paying basis, Mr. Price 
resigned in the spring of 1899, and came to 
Phoenix, though he still owns an interest in the 
Helen Mining Company and is a director of the 
same. On coming to Phoenix he assisted in 
incorporating the Home Savings Bank & Trust 
Company, with a capital of $100,000, and has 
since served as its cashier and treasurer, while 
Gen. C. F. Ainsworth is president and S. M. 
McCowan vice-president. Our subject is also 
receiver for the Highland Canal Company. 

At Chester, Pa., Mr. Price was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Lydie B. Graham, a native of 
that place and a daughter of John T. Graham, 
who was also born in the Keystone state. Her 
father was one of the pioneers of Pike's Peak and 
is now a resident of Denver. He has been 
prominently connected with the mining inter- 
ests of both Colorado and New Mexico, and is 
now treasurer of the Helen Mining Company. 
Mrs. Price was educated at Mountain Seminary 
near Tyrone in Pennsylvania, and the Woman's 
College at Baltimore, Md. She is now a prom- 
inent member of the Colonial Dames and the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, and is 
serving as regent for Arizona in the latter order. 
She is also a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Our subject and his wife have one 
child, Thompson. 

Mr. Price was made a Mason in Colby, Wis., 
and now holds membership in Phoenix Lodge 
No. 3, F. & A. M. ; Black River Falls Chapter, 
R. A. M.; Chippewa Commandery No. 8, K. T., 
at Eau Qaire, Wis.; Milwaukee Consistory and 
Tripolite Temple, N. M. S., at Milwaukee. He 
is a member of the Board of Trade of Phoenix 
and belongs to Maricopa Club. In his political 
views he is a stanch Republican. He is genial, 
courteous, enterprising and progressive, of com- 
mendable public spirit and the highest integrity, 
and is a man of whom any community might be 

justly proud. Although his residence in Phoenix 
is of short duration, he has already become 
thoroughly identified with its interests, and is 
held in high esteem by all who know him. 


His name forever linked with Arizona, as one 
of its founders, legislators and pioneer judges, 
the late Hon. John T. Alsap holds an honored 
place in the hearts of our people. Time, with 
relentless hand, crumbles monuments erected to 
the memory of the good and great, but on the 
printed page of enduring records the chronicles 
of lives are preserved for future generations and 
thus, in compiling the annals of Arizona the sub- 
ject of this memoir deserves a prominent place. 

A native of Frankfort, Ky., born in 1832, he 
was a son of Rev. John and Keziah (Randall) 
Alsap, of England and Maine, respectively. The 
father came to the United States in early man- 
hood, and was an active worker in the United 
Brethren denomination in Indiana, Ohio and 
Iowa. His wife died in Indiana and he was sub- 
sequently called to his reward from his home in 

Having been graduated with the degrees of 
Bachelor of Law and Doctor of Medicine in the 
New York College, John T. Alsap devoted his 
attention to medical practice until 1854, when he 
crossed the western plains and for ten years con- 
tinued professional labors to some extent in 
California, in conjunction with mining and pro- 
specting, as physicians and surgeons were in 
great demand in certain localities there at that 
time. In 1864 he came to Arizona, and com- 
menced mining and prospecting in the vicinity 
of Prescott. The Apache Indians being trouble- 
some, the following winter he accompanied 
King G. Woolsey and his command on their 
expedition against the tribe, as his services as a 
surgeon were desired. The first territorial 
treasurer of Arizona, he served during the ad- 
ministi - ation of Gov. R. C. McCormick, and in 
1868 was elected to the legislature as a repre- 
sentative of Yavapai county. In 1869 he and 
his wife's brother, W. L. Osborne, settled in the 
Salt River valley, about a mile northeast of 
Phoenix, and thenceforward he was intimately 
associated with the development of this section. 



Elected to the legislature in 1870, he aided in the 
organization of Maricopa county, and the same 
year was elected judge of the probate court. His 
term in the general assembly expired in 1872, 
but -after serving as chief clerk in the territorial 
council and as district attorney, he was again 
honored by re-election to the legislature. In 
1886 he received the nomination for the county 
treasurership of Maricopa county, but was sum- 
moned to his heavenly reward in September, 
prior to the election, of whose issue no one was 
in doubt, owing to his marked popularity and 
efficiency in all public affairs. In the intervals 
of his public duties he was actively engaged in 
the practice of law and won an enviable reputa- 
tion at the bar and on the bench. In the Odd 
Fellows order, in the Knights of Pythias and 
among the Masons, he was prominent, in the 
last named being a past officer in the com- 
mandery and its representative in the grand 
lodge of the territory. In religious belief he was 
a Methodist, while in political creed he adhered 
to the Democratic platform. 

While a resident of Prescott, Mr. Alsap mar- 
ried Louisa A., daughter of John Preston 
Osborne, a pioneer of that locality who dated 
his residence in Prescott from July 6. 1864. For 
several years he was an extensive raiser and 
dealer in cattle, taking contracts from the gov- 
ernment, and operating farms on the Verde and 
the Lower Agua Fria until 1870, when he be- 
came a permanent settler of the Salt River valley. 
He it was who built the first hotel in Prescott, 
the Osborne House, and after coming to the 
vicinity of Phoenix he assisted in laying out the 
city. His ranch was well adapted for general 
farming and for live stock, and there he con- 
tinued to dwell until his death, January 20, 1900, 
when he was eighty-five years old. A native of 
Tennessee, though reared in Virginia, he was 
a merchant in Kentucky until 1850, when he 
went to Adams county, Iowa, and in 1863 went 
to Colorado, where he owned the site of the 
present city of Colorado Springs until the 
following year, when, as formerly stated, he 
became a resident of Arizona. His father, John 
Osborne, also a native of Tennessee, was a 
soldier in the war of 1812, and died in Kentucky. 
The mother of Mrs. Louisa A. Alsap, like her- 
self, born in the Blue Grass state, is still living, 

her home being in Phoenix. She bore the 
maiden name of Paulina E. Swetman, and her 
father, Neri F. Swetman, was a prosperous 
planter in Kentucky. 

Of the ten children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Osborne six are yet living, namely: W. L., a 
farmer of the Salt River valley; Mrs. J. T. 
Barnum of Phoenix ; John W., who is interested 
in mining operations and lives in this city; Neri 
F., ex-county recorder of Maricopa county, and 
a citizen of Phoenix; Mrs. Paulina R. Cramer 
and Mrs. Rose G. Copeland, also of this city. 

In 1876 Mr. Alsap married Miss Anna D. 
Murray, who was born in Lexington, Tex., 
where her father, William P. Murray, of North 
Carolina, was an early settler. In December, 
1870, he brought his family to Phoenix and 
located upon a tract of unimproved land not far 
distant, but died in the following year, ere he 
had executed many of his ambitious plans. He 
had been twice married, and of his first union 
four children were born, only one of whom is 
deceased, while of the eight children born to his 
second marriage, five are yet living. The mother 
of Mrs. Alsap was Margaret, daughter of Isaac 
White, a native of Ireland, and for years an 
Alabama planter, though his death occurred in 
Mississippi. Her birthplace was the old planta- 
tion in Alabama and her death took place in 
Texas. Mrs. Alsap has lived in Phoenix or 
locality for more than three decades, and is held 
in high esteem. She received her education in 
the schools of Texas and this county and has 
long been identified with the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church South and the Order of the Eastern 
Star. Five of the promising sons and daughters 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Alsap are yet living, 
namely: Florence A. and Margaret B., graduates 
of the Phoenix high school ; John W. ; Genevieve 
M. and Guy. Alton P. died at the age of eleven 


Hon. Jerry Millay, who was judge advocate- 
general of Arizona on the staff of Governor Ir- 
win, with the rank of colonel, and occupied the 
same position during the first administration of 
Governor Murphy, has filled numerous public 
positions with marked ability and to the entire 



satisfaction of the people, with whom he is 
justly popular. In the counsels of the Repub- 
lican- party he stands very high, as was unques- 
tionably shown when, during his absence, he 
was nominated for the territorial council. He 
has been a leader in the Maricopa county and 
the territorial Republican central committees, 
and to his strenuous efforts is due much of the 
local success of his party. 

A worthy representative of an old Maine fam- 
ily, our subject was born in the town of Bow- 
doinham, Sagadahoc county, where his father 
and grandfather also were born. His great- 
grandfather Millay was a native of Ireland, and 
about a century ago settled upon a farm in 
Maine. The grandfather, Gen. Jeremiah Millay. 
was in the war of 1812, serving with the rank of 
brigadier-general. Besides carrying on a farm 
in Maine, he was a ship-builder, having ship- 
yards on the Kennebec river, and for some years 
was engaged in the coasting trade. Capt. James 
K., father of our subject, married Eunice Ridley, 
daughter of George Ridley, and' was interested 
in the merchant marine traffic, owning ships ply- 
ing between the West Indies and South Amer- 
ican ports, and sometimes making trans-Atlantic 
voyages. In later years he retired from the sea 
and resided on his farm in Maine, which had 
been his place of residence for fifty years. 
There he died when approaching the ripe age of 
four-score. His elder child, James H., still op- 
erates the old homestead. 

The subject of this sketch was born half a 
century ago, and was reared at his birthplace in 
Maine. Completing his literary studies at Bow- 
doin College, which he left in his sophomore 
year, he then went to Minneapolis, where he 
engaged in the lumber business. Later, return- 
ing home, he taught in the vicinity, in the mean- 
time studying law under the guidance of Col. 
J. W. Spaulding. Admitted to the bar in the 
Centennial year, he established himself in prac- 
tice in Bath, and at the end of four years located 
in Richmond. There he was connected with an 
ice business for two years. 

Having learned considerable in regard to the 
natural resources and future of Arizona, he came 
to Phoenix in 1882, when only one brick building 
was standing. With characteristic energy, he em- 
barked in the law, and has conducted a flourish- 

ing practice here for many years. While C. A. 
Arthur was president, he served as assistant 
United States district attorney, and from Janu- 
ary, 1895, to January, 1897, was the district at- 
torney of Maricopa county. Numerous busi- 
ness enterprises have been fostered by his means 
and influence. and everything relating to the pub- 
lic good is of deep interest to him. He is a mem- 
ber of the Stockmen's Association of the Pa- 
cific Coast, and has served on its committee. 
Appointed a delegate, he attended the Interna- 
tional Irrigation Congress held at Los Angeles, 
the first convention of the kind. He was chosen 
to act as chairman of that body, officiating with 
credit, and for two years was on the executive 
committee. He belongs to the Maricopa Club 
and to the Arizona Bar Association. 

In the town of Bath, Me., occurred the mar- 
riage of Mr. Millay and Miss Margarette E. 
Hine, a native of Connecticut. Her mother was 
a member of the Adams family, directly de- 
scended from Samuel Adams, of colonial New 
England fame. Mr. and Mrs. Millay occupy a 
modern residence, located upon a desirable 
piece of property adjoining the city. 


This worthy poineer of Yavapai county, hon- 
ored by his wide circle of acquaintances, prob- 
ably has resided here uninterruptedly longer 
than any other citizen of the county. Upon him 
rests the honor of having been the first judge of 
the probate court of this county, which then 
comprised Yavapai, Coconino, Apache, Navajo, 
Maricopa and other counties, indeed, over half 
of the territory. Under the administrations of 
several governors seven years altogether 
Judge Brooks presided over the affairs of the 
probate court, leaving that important office just 
a score of years ago, with an unimpeachable 

Coming to the neighborhood of the present 
city of Prescott in October, 1863, the judge and 
his party camped on the bank of Granite creek 
and there erected the first cabin put up along 
that stream, on the site of the then future Pres- 
cott. By virtue of authority conferred upon him 
by an assemblage of citizens he was appointed 
and served as one of three commissioners who 

1 7 6 


laid out and had charge of the sale of lots in 
Prescott. The other commissioners were Van 
C. Smith and Robert W. Groom, the latter a 
surveyor. During all of the intervening years 
the judge's interest in this now thriving place 
has never wavered and he is certainly entitled, 
for more than one reason, to a place of honor 
in its chronicles. 

The ancestors of our subject in America have 
been true pioneers in each generation. His pa- 
ternal grandfather, James Brooks, was born in 
Connecticut and served in the colonial war for 
independence. He was one of Washington's 
aides and seven times was captured by the Brit- 
ish, but managed to effect his escape every time. 
Both he and the judge's maternal grandfather, 
Phineas Johnson, also of Connecticut, were early 
settlers in Ohio. On the old homestead near 
Berlin, Conn., the birth of Hezekiah Brooks, Sr., 
occurred, and from the time of the family's re- 
moval to the vicinity of Elyria, Ohio, until his 
death, he was numbered with the agricultural 
class of the community. He served as a justice 
of the peace and was held in high esteem. The 
mother of the subject of this sketch bore the 
maiden name of Hannah Johnson. She also 
was born in the Nutmeg state, and spent most of 
her life in Ohio, dying in Cleveland. Of her 
thirteen children ten lived to maturity. 

Judge Brooks was born September 7, 1825, 
near Elyria, Ohio, and completed his education 
in the high school of that place. He continued 
to give his energy to farming until 1850, when 
the gold excitement in California called him to 
the west. Having made the long trip by way of 
the Isthmus of Panama and San Francisco he 
became one of the miners on the South Fork 
of the American river, later going to Coloma 
and Greenwood valley. From 1851 to 1854 he 
conducted a merchandising business at Coloma. 
also being assistant postmaster of that place. 
Then he had charge of a store at Georgetown, 
Cal., and in 1854 went to Yreka. Cal., where he 
was in the employ of the local canal company for 
a period. Then he returned to merchandising 
and was deputy and then postmaster of Yreka. 
In 1861 he became a citizen of San Francisco, 
where he engaged in contracting for two or 
more years. 

Tn the fall of 1863 Judge Brooks came to 

Arizona overland from Los Angeles, and for 
several years engaged in prospecting and 
mining, also improving a ranch adjoining Pres- 
cott and raising seme cattle. In addition to 
these enterprises he conducted stores for some 
time and made investments in various industries, 
aiding all local undertakings within his power, 
and ever striving to advance the welfare of this, 
his chosen community. In politics he was first 
a Whig and subsequently a Republican. In 
Yreka, Cal., he was initiated into the Masonic 
order and is a charter member and the oldest 
living member of Aztlan Lodge, No. i, F. & 
A. M., of Prescott, also being past master of 
the same. 

The marriage of Judge Brooks and Mrs. Mary 
C. (Smith) Leib took place in Prescott. She 
was a native of Lancaster, Pa., and her first 
husband. Dr. Leib, was surgeon under Major 
Willis of the first military detachment stationed 
at Fort Whipple. Mrs. Brooks came of an old 
and prominent Moravian family in the Keystone 
state. She died November 18, 1891. 


The great lumber resources of Coconino 
county, than which there is no more favorable 
locality in the United States, has furnished an 
outlet for the brains and ability of many who 
have come from the east in search of homes, 
competence, and ofttimes lost health. Mr. Dut- 
ton belongs to the latter-named class, and it is 
needless to say that while pursuing the agree- 
able occupation of lumbering in this ideal cli- 
mate, he has found all and more than he looked 
for, and is today one of the reliable and sub- 
stantial citizens of Flagstaff. 

When three years of age Mr. Dutton, who 
was born in Waupun, Wis., in 1856, removed 
with his parents to New York state, where he 
was educated and grew to manhood at Sher- 
man, Chautauqua county. After graduating 
from the high school at Sherman he engaged in 
educational work for a time, and continued the 
same occupation after removing to Harvard, 111. 
In 1883, on account of failing health, he sought 
an all-around change in Flagstaff, and entered 
the employ of the Aver Lumber Company as a 
log sealer. Step by step, as his health im- 



proved, he mastered every detail of the lumber 
business, and now has charge of all the shipping 
of the mills. This is an extremely responsible 
position, and he discharges it with credit to him- 
self and the firm which he represents. 

While prominent in lumber circles, Mr. Dut- 
ton is perhaps as well-known as an able and con- 
scientious politician. In 1892 his merit was 
recognized by his fellow townsmen, he being 
elected chairman of the board of supervisors of 
Coconino county, which energetic and progres- 
sive body of men secured the erection of the 
present court-house and jail. In 1896 he was 
elected a member of the territorial council, and 
has since taken an active part in local and terri- 
torial undertakings of the Republican party. 
Fraternally he is associated with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen and the Independent 
Order of Foresters, and is past master in the 
former body and grand trustee of the Territorial 
Grand Lodge of New Mexico and Arizona. He 
is also a member of the board of trustees of the 
northern Arizona Normal School at Flagstaff, 
and is interested in promoting educational mat- 
ters in Coconino county. 

In 1881, at Harvard, 111., Mr. Dutton mar- 
ried Mrs. Elida M. (Dunham) Dutton, and of 
this union there is one son, Charles A. 


Though the nominee of the Democratic party 
in Navajo county for the judgeship of the pro- 
bate court and superintendency of county 
schools, the personal merits of Judge B. F. 
Jackson received such a general support from 
voters of all political creeds, in the fall of 1900, 
that his friends were triumphant, as over two- 
thirds of the ballots cast were in his favor. More 
and more, the public is recognizing the import- 
ance of trustworthy officials regardless of party, 
in the affairs of a city or county knowing that 
political bias should not enter into the ques- 
tion. Since 1896 the subject of this article has 
administered the affairs of the probate court of 
this county, in connection with which he has 
paid special attention to our county school sys- 
tem, making marked changes for the better in 
the same. At the expiration of his first term, in 
1898, he was re-elected to these positions, and 

again, in 1900, as above stated, was made his 
own successor. 

Unquestionably Judge Jackson is one of the 
ablest young men in Arizona, and by nature and 
training is eminently well qualified for the 
responsibilities now resting upon him. His 
birth occurred at Versailles, Ind., February 23, 
1867, and after completing the high school 
course of that place he became a student at the 
nioomington (Ind.) University. During the 
following seventeen years he devoted his entire 
attention to teaching, and met with special suc- 
cess in the management of normal schools, both 
in Indiana and in Kentucky. 

In 1893 Mr. Jackson came to- Navajo county, 
Ariz., and became the superintendent of the 
Apache Indian school, at Fort Apache, remain- 
ing in the government service for eighteen 
months, during the administration of Cleveland. 
He then taught a school at the village of Shum- 
way for about one year. Returning to his native 
state, he was admitted to the bar of Indiana in 
December, 1899, since which time he has con- 
ducted the practice of law in connection with his 
public duties. The elevation of our schools has 
been a matter of deep concern to him, and three 
county institutes, attended by the twenty-six 
teachers employed in this county at present, 
have been conducted by him since he was placed 
in his office as superintendent of schools. He 
belongs to the Territorial Teachers' Associa- 
tion, and under his judicious management the 
schools of Navajo county have been advanced 
to first rank among those of the other counties 
of Arizona. Practically self-made and self- 
educated, he is entitled to great credit, for 
indomitable will and concentration of purpose 
have been the secrets of his success. In Indiana 
he became affiliated with the Masonic order, and 
at Winslow he joined the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks. 


The Orme family trace their descent from dis- 
tinguished English ancestry, and were first rep- 
resented in America by one Rev. John Orme, a 
Presbyterian clergyman, who came from Eng- 
land to the United States in practically the dawn 
of the eighteenth century, and settled in Prince 



George county, Md. His descendants served 
their adopted country with courage and dis- 
tinction during the Revolutionary war, and the 
latter-day members have since been identified 
with the best interests of the localities in which 
they resided. 

The grandparents of Lindley B. were Henry 
C. and Deborah (Pleasants) Orme, natives re- 
spectively of Maryland and Virginia. He was 
born in Springfield, Mo., October 18, 1872, and 
is a son of Henry C. and Elizabeth (Bell) Orme, 
who were born, respectively, in Montgomery 
county, Md., and in Kentucky. Henry C. Orme 
was born December 15, 1846. From earliest 
youth he evinced the sterling and substantial 
traits of character inherited from his forefathers, 
and which are everywhere recognized as the 
foundation of good citizenship. The early train- 
ing of the district schools was but the prelude 
to a life of continued study and research, and 
to a keen observation of men and events. As a 
result, Mr. Orme is today a remarkably well- 
informed man upon general and current topics, 
and has received many practical marks of ap- 
preciation wherever he has elected to reside. 
After the breaking out of the Civil war, he en- 
listed, in September of 1862, in White's Virginia 
Battalion of the Confederate army, and became a 
part of Stuart's Cavalry. Later, under Gen. 
Wade Hampton, he fought at Antietam, Brandy 
Station, Winchester, and the Wilderness, and 
finally surrendered at Appomattox. During the 
three years of his service as a private in the 
cause of the Confederacy, he was twice cap- 
tured, and twice slightly wounded. 

With the restoration of .peace Mr. Orme re- 
turned to his former home in Maryland, and 
after several years removed to Missouri, where 
for five years he engaged in general and rail- 
road surveying, and became a proficient civil 
engineer. He subsequently went to Dallas, 
Tex., and became interested in educational 
work, to which he devoted himself for the 
greater part of five years. In 1879 he sought 
the larger possibilities of the far west, and took 
up his permanent residence one and one-half 
miles from Phoenix, Ariz. Upon three hundred 
and twenty acres of government land which his 
untiring industry reclaimed from a sterile and 
desert condition he lived for many years, and is 

at present residing on the eighty acres retained 
from the original claim. In the '905 he served 
two terms, or four years, as county assessor of 
Alar'icopa county, and for eight years was under- 
sheriff of the same county, when his brother, 
L. H. Orme, was sheriff. For four years also 
he was deputy sheriff under N. M. Broadway, 
and A. J. Halbert, serving two years under each. 
With the different enterprises for the upbuilding 
of his county Mr. Orme has been closely identi- 
fied, and has ever lent his influence on the side 
of progress and enterprise. Fraternally he is 
associated with the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. Through his marriage with Eliza- 
beth Bell, of Kentucky, there have been born ten 
children, of whom the following survive: Lindley 
1!.. John S., Norman L., William W., Ethel M., 
Ada Lee and Ruth M. Norman L. (born in 
1876) was a volunteer soldier in the Spanish- 
American war, and a member of Troop B, 
Rough Riders, under Major McClintock. At the 
battle of Los Ouasimos he received severe inju- 
ries from which he has only partially recovered. 
At the present time he is employed in the post 
office at Honolulu, Sandwich Islands. 

As a boy, Lindley B. Orme followed the for- 
tunes of his parents, and with them went to 
Texas, and finally to Arizona. In this far west- 
ern territory he was reared to maturity, 
surrounded by the refining home influences 
which tended to develop the best traits of his 
character. In the public schools of Phoenix 
was laid the foundation for a life time devotion 
to all-around study, and he was graduated from 
the Phoenix high school. This was supple- 
mented by a course at the Lamson Business 
College. As a congenial means of livelihood he 
turned his attention to stock-raising in Maricopa 
county, and in 1896 settled upon the ranch ten 
miles west of Phoenix, which has since been his 
home. At the present time he has about three 
hundred head of cattle, of which he makes a 
specialty, although other kinds of stock are 
raised on the farm. 

Mr. Orme represents the most advanced 
element among the young agriculturists and 
stock-raisers of Salt River valley, and his 
friends and associates predict a prosperous fu- 
ture for him, judged from the standpoint of his 
present success. He is especially interested in 




the subject of the development of water in his 
locality, and is a director in the Maricopa Salt 
River and Grand Canal Company. A Democrat 
in national politics, he has been a trustee of the 
Cartwright school district, and was for a time 
stock-inspector of the Phoenix shipping district. 
He has also been a county central committee- 
man. Fraternally he is associated with the An- 
cient Order of United Workmen. 

October 7, 1897, Mr. Orme married Ida M. 
Ricketts, who was born in Evansville, Ind. Of 
this union there has been one child, Lindley H., 
Jr. Mrs. Orme is a daughter of William A. and 
Sarah (Gentry) Ricketts, the former of whom 
served in the Federal army during the Civil war 
and died when his daughter, Ida, was five years 
old. In 1891 Mrs. Ricketts came to Phoenix, 
accompanied by three of her children. 


For the greater part of his life Judge Robert- 
son has been identified with the conditions of 
the far west. A native of Pike county, 111., he 
was born in 1839, and when but eight years of 
age removed with his parents to Andrew county, 
Mo., where they lived on a farm for four years. 
One of the most vivid remembrances of his 
youth is the trip across the plains which the 
family undertook in 1853, at which time, in addi- 
tion to their own household paraphernalia, they 
took with them a herd of cattle. The memor- 
able journey came to an end in California, the 
travelers settling in the vicinity of Cacheville. 
Here and at Woodland, Cal., Judge Robertson 
lived on and off until 1872, in the meantime hav- 
ing spent about four years in Virginia City, Nev. 
In 1872 he changed his location to Modoc 
county, Cal., and in 1880 removed to Globe. 

While living in Virginia City, in 1864, Judge 
Robertson married Elizabeth A. Tebbs, of Cali- 
fornia. Of this union there were born four chil- 
dren, of whom two are living : Henry Q., who 
is a school teacher in the northern part of Gila 
county, and Peter T., who is an attorney at 
Yuma, Ariz. Upon arriving in Globe Mr. Rob- 
ertson opened a livery and feed stable which had 
an era of prosperity for three years, and he 
then moved up on the upper Salt River valley 
and was engaged in farming and stock-raising, 

besides conducting a general merchandise busi- 
ness. These interests occupied his time and 
attention until two years ago, when he returned 
to Globe with the intention of remaining here 

As a stanch and unswerving member of the 
Democratic party, Mr. Robertson has been 
prominent in local and territorial affairs. He 
became initiated into office while living in Cali- 
fornia, as assessor of the town of Woodland. 
In 1877 he was elected to the California assem- 
bly, and served in this capacity for two years. 
In Arizona he was elected chairman of the board 
of supervisors of Gila county in 1883, and in 
1886 was elected to the territorial council from 
Gila county. He was further honored by his 
fellow Democrats by being elected to the pro- 
bate judgeship of Gila county November 6, 
1906. One of the reliable and substantial men 
of this locality, he is esteemed by all who know 
of his ability and excellent traits of citizenship. 


It is generally conceded by those who are 
familiar with the present substantial conditions 
existing in Arizona that there have been at- 
tracted to her boundless possibilities men of 
great achievements and comprehensive intelli- 
gence. In this as in other countries, the rise and 
progress of a region may well be gauged by the 
character of its bar, as from its ranks more than 
from those of any other profession are selected 
the men who fill the highest public stations. Its 
members spring from no privileged class, but 
from the people whose aims they represent. In 
Arizona, as elsewhere, wisely conservative and 
erudite minds are attracted toward the profes- 
sion which embodies in its principles the only 
exact and unchanging science, and there is no 
more notable example of this truth than may be 
found in the acknowledged ability of Gen. 
Charles Franklin Ainsworth. In 1888 he be- 
came associated with Arizona, prior to which he 
had made a splendid record as district attorney 
of Jackson county, Wis. 

As an attorney in Phoenix, he at once stepped 
into the prominence to which he is entitled by 
virtue of his broad knowledge of the law, firm- 
ness of decision and business promptitude. 

i8 4 


Scarcely any enterprise of dimensions has arisen 
within Phoenix with which he has not been 
associated in some capacity, either as part 
owner or legal adviser, nor are his interests con- 
fined to this city, for they extend in various 
directions in the Salt River valley. No one has 
been more enthusiastic than he in the develop- 
ment of this part of the country, and no one 
has given his advice more constantly on the side 
of progress. During the course of events of 
late years undertakings have been formulated 
in which he is especially interested. He is presi- 
dent of the Home Savings Bank and Trust 
Company of Phoenix, president of the Phoenix 
Building and Loan Association, president of the 
Phoenix Water Company, and is interested in 
the street railway system, in addition to which 
he was formerly owner of a half interest in the. 
Phoenix Electric Light and Gas Company. ' As 
a stanch member of the Republican party he 
has filled many positions of trust, including the 
office of district attorney of Jackson county, 
which he held for ten years. August 12, 1898, 
he was honored by appointment to the office of 
attorney-general of Arizona. 

Of interest always are the early struggles 
which precede the fulfilment of promising ex- 
pectations. Mr. Ainsworth was born at Lisbon, 
N. Y., January 3, 1853, and is a representative 
of a family numerously scattered throughout 
New England. The ancestry of the family is 
English, and a record has been kept for several 
generations back. The first of the name whose 
ambition extended beyond the boundaries of his 
native land was Edward Ainsworth, who came 
from England to America in 1652. In the course 
of time he settled at Roxbury, Mass., and from 
his large family came many descendants who 
were prominently identified with the intellectual 
and commercial interests of their respective lo- 
calities. Charles Franklin Ainsworth is de- 
scended from a branch of the family that claimed 
Woodstock, Conn., as their home. The influ- 
ences that surrounded his boyhood were not 
unlike those which mould the future of the aver- 
age farmer boy, and his education was such as 
is procurable from the public schools. Like 
many others who have eventually reached 
prominence, he was largely dependent upon his 
own exertions. In the fall of 1870 he entered 

St. Lawrence University at Canton, and his sub- 
sequent graduation with the rest of his class 
was the well-earned result of teaching school 
during the winter while attending the univer- 
sity, and working on a farm during the summer 
months. For a time he later engaged in educa- 
tional work and was principal of the Ogdens- 
burg Institute in New York. 

The first aspirations of Mr. Ainsworth in the 
direction of a future livelihood were toward the 
medical profession, but he soon decided in favor 
of the law, which decision he has never re- 
gretted. After having been admitted to the bar 
of Wisconsin, he commenced to practice at 
Black River Falls, Wis., in 1876, and soon 
ranked among the most promising members of 
his profession in Jackson county, where he re- 
mained until his removal to Arizona. 

The marriage of Mr. Ainsworth united him 
with Minnie A. Southworth, who at the time 
was living in Canton, N. Y. She v/as born in 
Hartford, Conn., and came from a New England 
family whose ancestors were among the pil- 
grims on the Mayflower. Her parents, Egbert 
H. and Sylvia (Tracy) Southworth, were resi- 
dents of Canton, N. Y., for many years. To 
General and Mrs. Ainsworth have been born 
four children, namely : Frank, who was educated 
in St. Lawrence University, Canton, N. Y., and 
is now assistant cashier of the Home Savings 
Bank and Trust Company, of Phoenix; Sylvia, 
who was educated in Marlborough Seminary at 
Los Angeles, Cal. ; Arthur, and Ruth, who are 
students in the Phoenix schools. 


Scotland is the ancestral home of the Wylie 
family, and the first members whose ambitious 
inclination reached beyond the borders of their 
sturdy historic land to the crude conditions and 
latent possibilities of the future great republic 
across the seas, immigrated hence and settled in 
Tioga county, Pa., where they became industri- 
ous tillers of the soil, and enterprising promot- 
ers of progress. In the changing course 
of events there developed in their midst 
unusual talent in various directions, the 
predominating trend however being analyti- 
cal and scientific, and finding expression 


in a mastery of the science of medi- 
cine. The arts also are not without their rep- 
resentative, for from the latter-day family has 
sprung one whose mastery of the violin is des- 
tined to win renown, and the appreciation of 
all true lovers of this most wonderful of all 

Reared in an atmosphere which, from his 
earliest remembrance, was impregnated with an 
intimate knowledge of human ills and a sincere 
striving for their alleviation, Dr. Wylie is, by 
virtue of inheritance and years of profound re- 
search, a master healer of men. A native of 
Marathon county, Wis., he was born August 8, 
1855. His father, Daniel B. Wylie, M. D., who 
was born in Great Bend, Pa., was graduated 
from Long Island College Hospital, at 
Brooklyn. For many years he was a prominent 
practicing physician in Tioga county, Pa., and 
then removed to Grand Rapids, Wis., and 
eventually to Wausau, of the same state, where 
for forty years he ministered to the physical 
woes of the community, and where he died in 
1891. Mrs. Wylie, who is now living with her 
son in Phoenix, was, before her marriage, Har- 
riett Amsbry, born in Tioga county, Pa., and a 
daughter of Truman Amsbry. Her medical edu- 
cation was acquired at the Woman's Medical 
College, in Philadelphia, from which she was 
graduated in the class of 1866. She practiced 
medicine with abundant success for a period of 
twenty-five years, principally at Wausau and 
Merrill, Wis. 

Of the children in the family besides Winfred, 
D. Baldwin is a graduate of the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons at Chicago, and is an 
eye and ear specialist at Milwaukee ; Myrtle is 
the wife of George C. Bent, of Ogden, Utah, and 
is a graduate of the Boston Conservatory of 
Music; Genevieve is living in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
and Ralph is now in Berlin, Germany. Ralph 
Wylie is the especial pride of his family and 
friends, for as a violinist he has already won 
many laurels. A graduate of the Chicago Con- 
servatory of Music, he had qualified at the early 
age of twenty to assume charge of the musical 
department of the University of Illinois at 
Champaign. In Berlin, Germany, he is availing 
himself of the instruction of the best masters, 
who predict a great future for him. 

The education of Dr. Wylie was acquired at 
the public schools of Wausau, and at the Law- 
rence University at Appleton, Wis. Under his 
father's able instruction he became sufficiently 
advanced in medicine to enter the Rush Medi- 
cal College at Chicago, from which he was 
graduated in 1877. Further instruction was re- 
ceived in Long Island College Hospital at 
Brooklyn, N. Y., which terminated with his 
graduation in 1878. As the result of a com- 
petitive examination he was appointed house 
surgeon of Long Island Hospital, and served in 
that capacity for a year. At Wausau, Wis.. he 
entered upon the practice of his profession, and 
soon attained to a prominent place in medical 
circles. While located there he was surgeon for 
the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul and the Mil- 
waukee, Lake Shore & Western Railroads. 
While practicing at West Superior he served in 
a similar capacity for the St. Paul & Duluth, the 
Duluth & Winnipeg, the Lake Superior Ter- 
minal & Transfer, Great Northern, Northern 
Pacific, The Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic, 
and the Omaha Railroads. He was also presi- 
dent of the Northwestern Wisconsin Medical 
Association. After removing to West Superior 
he devoted his time almost exclusively to surg- 
ery, and as health officer of the city introduced 
many sanitary measures which were readily 
approved and adopted. Among the other re- 
sponsibilities incurred in this northern city was 
the position of president of the Douglas County 
Medical Association, and a membership in the 
Inter-State Medical Association. 

While living in Wisconsin Dr. Wylie married 
Cora J. Alban, who was born in Plover, Portage 
county, Wis., and of this union there have been 
two children : Elta, who is studying music in 
Los Angeles, Cal., and Edith. The better to 
cope with the various legal questions that are 
wont to arise in the experience of a physician 
and surgeon with such a multiplicity of interests, 
Dr. Wylie undertook the study of law, and was 
graduated from the Atlanta (Ga.) Law School 
June 25, 1895, with the degree of LL. B. The 
advantages of such a course can only be appre- 
ciated by other railroad surgeons who have had 
to deal with the lawyers employed by the large 
railroad companies. 

In 1896 Dr. Wylie chose the far west as his 



future field of effort and located in Phoenix, 
which has since been his home. From the first, 
his ability was the magnet which drew to him 
the patronage and appreciation not only of 
private citizens, but of the high territorial 
officers. In 1897 he was appointed surgeon- 
general of Arizona by Governor McCord, and in 
1898 was re-appointed by Governor Murphy, 
with the rank of colonel. In 1897 he was also 
appointed a member of the Territorial Board of 
Medical Examiners, and is at this writing presi- 
dent of the board. In this capacity he has taken 
an active part in introducing and passing the 
present medical laws of the territory, which have 
placed it upon the high plane of excellence occu- 
pied by the most advanced of the eastern states. 
Dr. Wylie is also president of the Territorial 
Medical Association, a fellow of the Arizona 
Academy of Medicine, a member of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, the Southwestern 
Medical Association, and the Association of 
Military Surgeons of the United States. He is 
likewise ex-president of the pension board of 
Phoenix. In national politics he is affiliated 
with the Republican party. Fraternally he is as- 
sociated with the Knights of Pythias, the Elks,, 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and the 
Masons. Of the latter organization he was made 
a member in Brooklyn, N. Y., and was made 
a Royal Arch Mason in Wausau, Wis., and also 
joined the Commandery in Wisconsin. He is 
also a member of the Mystic Shrine, affiliating 
with El Zaribah Temple of Phoenix. 

Dr. Wylie is not only one of the most promi- 
nent and capable surgeons in the west, but is 
also one of the most popular, his genial and 
optimistic temperament winning for him hosts 
of friends, and his tact, good-fellowship, and 
great kindness of heart, retaining them indefi- 

One of the pioneer educators of Arizona, Hon. 
R. L. Long, the present superintendent of in- 
struction, undoubtedly has done more for the 
public schools of this territory than any other 
one man, and that his wisdom in meeting and 
conquering the special difficulties confronting us 
is relied upon, is shown by the fact that he was 
called to his important position. This con- 

fidence reposed in him is well founded, not only 
by his long and useful career in his chosen field 
of effort, but especially by what he accomplished 
in 1885-86, during his term of office in the same 
position he now holds. Then, having made a 
serious study of the matter, he compiled the laws 
which have since governed departments of pub- 
lic instruction in Arizona, for, with little or no 
alteration, the rules and regulations drawn up by 
him were adopted and constituted part of the 
laws of the territory. 

Several generations ago the Longs lived in 
the northern part of Ireland, but as early as 1718 
the family represented here by our subject was 
founded in the valley of the Susquehanna river. 
His great-grandfather, James Long, who died 
in 1783, was a soldier of the French and Indian 
war and the Revolution. Grandfather James 
Long was born in Lancaster county, Pa., whence 
he moved to Frederick county, Md., and en- 
gaged in farming. There his son, James B., 
father of R. L. Long, was born, and at the age 
of seventy-three years he passed to his reward 
at his old homestead in Lancaster county, Pa., 
for he had long before returned to that ancestral 
place of habitation. He was not only a success- 
ful agriculturist, but a civil engineer as well. 
His wife, Mrs. Catherine (Jefferson) Long, was 
born in Sussex county, Del., coming of an old 
family in that section. Of their nine children 
who lived to maturity, only three are now living. 
One son, George, served as a volunteer in the 
Second Pennsylvania Cavalry during the Civil 

The birth of Robert L. Long, the youngest of 
his family, occurred November 30, 1852, in Lan- 
caster county, Pa., and his boyhood was passed 
on the homestead. From an early age it became 
evident that he was destined to be a scholar, for 
he made rapid progress in his studies. He 
attended the Millersville (Pa.) Normal and pur- 
sued his higher studies in Dickinson College at 
Carlisle, Pa., until he reached his junior year. In 
the meantime he had taught school at intervals, 
and in 1872, coming to the west, he continued to 
teach and for a short time was principal of a 
school in Boulder, Colo. At the same time he 
also became interested in the abstract business 
and for a period prospected and sought for 
precious metals in the mountains near. 



In 1874 Mr. Long returned to Pennsylvania 
and thence went to southern Africa, where he 
proceeded to try his fortune in the diamond 
mining region. After spending eighteen months 
there he crossed the country to Delagoa Bay 
and embarked on a homeward-bound vessel. 
Landing safely in New York City, he soon 
traversed the continent and found himself at the 
Pacific. After acting in the capacity of princi- 
pal of the San Luis Obispo (Cal.) school for 
some time, he accepted a similar position tend- 
ered him in Phoenix, and thus, May, 1879, w '*~ 
nessed his arrival in the city which he was des- 
tijied to look upon as his permanent home. 
When a resident here little more than a year 
he was made clerk of the district court of Gila 
county, and for two years resided in Globe. 
From 1882 to 1884 ne was judge of the probate 
court, and during the next two years, as previ- 
ously stated, was superintendent of public in- 
struction, having been elected on the Republican 
ticket. After an interval, when he devoted his 
attention to the abstract business in Phoenix, he 
became principal of the Arizona Normal at 
Tempe, and continued there until 1890, when he 
accepted the position of superintendent of the 
public schools of Phoenix. At the end of a year 
he was appointed clerk of the court of private 
land claims, in which all of the old Spanish land 
claim cases are tried. In the mean time he con- 
ducted an abstract business, and March i, 1899, 
Governor Murphy appointed him superintend- 
ent of public instruction, which position he now 
holds. The resolution providing for a uniform 
course of study, which he proposed and advo- 
cated for the public schools of Arizona, was 
adopted by the territorial board of education, 
and many other progressive measures are being 
put into force. Formerly a member and now a 
trustee of the board of directors of the Arizona 
Normal, at present he is identified with the terri- 
torial board of education, being the secretary of 
that body, is the chairman of the territorial board 
of examiners, and a member of the board of 
regents of the University of Arizona. He also 
is an honored member of the National Educa- 
tional Association. Actively connected with the 
Republican party of Arizona during the more 
than two decades of his residence here, he was 
fittingly chosen to serve as secretary of the ter- 

ritorial convention in 1894. He is a prominent 
Mason, having attained to the thirty-second de- 
gree in the order. 


The "father" and founder of Phoenix, Judge 
William A. Hancock, is entitled to the first place 
in the hearts of the people of this prosperous 
city, which has been developed during his resi- 
dence here, and which has looked to him, and 
never in vain, for the influence and capital need- 
ful to its progress. Today, as for decades past, 
he is actively connected with innumerable en- 
terprises of magnitude and growing importance 
in this region and by his rare genius and heart- 
felt sympathy in all public improvements is in- 
citing his felllow-citizens to yet greater triumphs 
of "mind over matter." 

Believing that the oft-told tale of our popular 
citizen's life is nevertheless of deep interest to 
the people of this territory and the great west in 
general the following facts in regard to him have 
been compiled. Though from choice a west- 
erner for nearly half a century, he is of New 
England birth and ancestry. Born May 17, 1831, 
in Barre, Mass., of which town his father, 
Nathan, and grandfather, Nathan S., also were 
natives, he is of English descent on both the 
paternal and maternal lines, his ancestors being 
foremost in the early settlement of the Bay state. 
His mother, Catherine W. (Lee) Hancock, a 
daughter of Henry Lee and niece of Gen. Sam- 
uel Lee of war of 1812 fame, was a grand- 
daughter of a hero of the Revolution. The old 
homes of the Hancocks and Lees were in the 
same neighborhood and many generations of 
the two families played their little parts on the 
world's stage in that immediate locality. Nathan 
Hancock and wife, who were numbered with 
the agriculturists of Barre, Mass., passed their 
entire lives there. Ten of their twelve children 
lived to maturity. One son, Dr. John Hancock, 
was a surgeon of a Massachusetts regiment dur- 
ing the Civil war and another son, George, died 
in Sacramento, Cal. 

Judge. Hancock was educated in the public 
school of his native place and in Leicester Acad- 
emy, and when sixteen years of age assumed 
the management of his father's farm, continuing 


to act in that capacity until 1853, when the desire 
to see something of the great west opened the 
way to his future success. With his brothers 
John and Henry he went to Iowa in the spring 
of 1853, there bought live stock and outfitted 
for the long trip across the plains. After the 
journey, by way of Council Bluffs, the Platte 
and North Platte rivers, the Sweetwater, South 
Pass and Humboldt River valley, they arrived 
at Sacramento and located upon a ranch situ- 
ated about nine miles north of that place. They 
had succeeded in bringing safely through some 
two hundred and seventy-five head of live stock 
and for the ensuing eight years carried on a 
thriving business raising cattle and horses for 
the markets. In 1856 Judge Hancock returned 
on a visit to the dear old home in the east, 
going by the Isthmus of Panama route. His 
father died in 1857 and the young man remained 
until he had settled up his estate. In the fol- 
lowing year he might have been seen voyaging 
back to the Pacific coast via Panama, and taking 
with him some fine horses for his ranch and a 
thoroughbred stallion of the Black Hawk and 
Morgan stock. 

In November, 1864, the future judge volun- 
teered in the Seventh California Infantry, being 
assigned to Company K, and mustered into the 
service at Presidio, Cal. In February, 1865, he 
was sent to Fort Yuma and in the following Sep- 
tember was transferred to the Arizona troops 
an event which changed his whole life. Mus- 
tered into Company C, First Arizona Volunteers, 
September i, 1865, as second lieutenant, his 
rank as such dating from the 7th of the August 
preceding, he was stationed at Fort McDowell, 
Ariz. Promoted to the rank of first lieutenant 
June 20, 1866, he was mustered out of the 
service September 13, 1866. 

From that time until 1868 Mr. Hancock was 
the superintendent of the government farm at 
Fort McDowell and in the following year be- 
came post trader at Camp Reno, remaining there 
until the end of May, 1870. Possessing that 
rare genius of foresight and executive ability 
that have been the mainsprings of nearly all 
truly great achievements in the history of the 
world, he decided, in his own mind, that a city 
should and probably would some day stand on 
or very near the site of the present capital of 

Arizona. Having learned something of survey- 
ing he commenced laying out the future city of 
Phoenix in the fall of 1870, having previously 
with other settlers organized a townsite com- 
pany and located half a section of land for the 
purpose. The patent to the same was obtained 
when Judge Alsap was presiding on the bench 
of the probate court, to which office Mr. Han- 
cock later succeeded. The survey of the city 
was completed in about a year, or, in the autumn 
of 1871, and in the meantime our subject had 
built an adobe house, beginning that task in 
December, 1870, and this, the first building 
erected in Phoenix, he afterwards rented, while 
he pursued his work as a surveyor and civil 
engineer in different parts of Maricopa county. 
After laying out the routes of several canals 
and ditches for irrigation of the land he quietly 
located upon a ranch, for he had taken up from 
the government one section of the despised 
desert land. Meeting the unaccustomed require- 
ments of this "arid" region he greatly improved 
his farm, but the public duties, which more and 
more rapidly came in to occupy his attention, 
led him into other channels of activity. In 1870 
he was made postmaster of Phoenix and at the 
end of an eight-years' service resigned, recom- 
mending Mr. Mowery to the office. His influ- 
ence won recognition, for that citizen was duly 
appointed and for eight years occupied the posi- 
tion. In 1871 Mr. Hancock was appointed dis- 
trict attorney and, being elected, held that im- 
portant office until 1875, when he entered upon 
his duties as judge of the probate court. Here 
it should be said that as early as October, 1872, 
when he had been admitted to the bar of Mari- 
copa county, he had been engaged in the prac- 
tice of law in the intervals of his other public 
duties, and to this day he devotes the major por- 
tion of his attention to his profession. From 
1875 to 1878 inclusive he was judge of the pro- 
bate court, having submitted to him many of the 
grave and hotly-contested cases incident to the 
pioneer days of any locality. Nevertheless, he 
was equal to all this and more, and by his ster- 
ling fidelity to duty won the lasting esteem of 
the public. Upon the organization of Maricopa 
county he had been appointed sheriff by the 
governor, and thus enjoys the added distinction 
of having been the first sheriff of the county. 



He also served for one term of two years as 
assistant district attorney of the United States 
district court. For some time he was county 
superintendent of schools, the three districts 
being increased to fourteen during his incum- 

The people of Arizona realize pretty fully 
what has been accomplished by thorough and 
systematic irrigation, and no one has been more 
energetic in promoting the system than Judge 
Hancock. It is well known that he took the 
lead in many of these enterprises, chief among 
them the Grand canal, of which he made the 
first survey. Now one of the principal canals 
on the northern side of the Salt river, the won- 
derful undertaking owes a great deal to him, 
for, besides laying out its course he put more 
money into its construction than did any other 
one man, and long ago witnessed the marvel- 
ous benefit which it has been to its neighboring 
territory. In addition to this, he surveyed the 
Utah, Mesa and Arizona canals, and has been 
one of the promoters of the Agua Fria Water 
& Land Company, now being secretary of the 
same. This gigantic undertaking, which will 
eclipse everything hitherto projected here, is 
thoroughly practical and of untold value, as 
thereby seventy-five thousand acres of land will 
be rendered productive. The great dam, essen- 
tial to the water storage part of the problem, 
necessitates a large outlay of capital, but the 
work will be carried out, sooner or later, by men 
of enterprise and means. Already our citizens 
are bestirring themselves on the general subject 
of water storage, and the judge is one of the 
three appointed to "investigate the Colorado 
river proposition," and also, in himself, consti- 
tutes the committee on the water storage of the 
San Francisco canal. 

It is quite needless to say that Judge Hancock 
is one of the most honored members of the 
Pioneer Association of Arizona, of the Terri- 
torial Bar Association, of the Odd Fellows, of 
Capt. Owen Post, G. A. R., in which he is past 
senior vice-commander. From the organization 
of the Republican party he has been thoroughly 
devoted to its principles and loyally aided in the 
establishment of the party in Maricopa county, 
at one time serving as a member of the county 
central committee. 

In this city his marriage occurred February 
5, 1873, the lady of his choice being Lilly B., 
daughter of Benjamin Kellogg, a pioneer of this 
locality, as in 1872 he settled upon a farm in 
the Salt River valley. Mrs. Hancock was born 
in Indiana. Henry L., the first white child born 
in Phoenix, and the elder child of the judge and 
wife, is a graduate of the high school of this 
place and now is in charge of the Wormser 
estate. Mabel, who received her preparation for 
teaching in the Los Angeles (Cal.) Normal, now 
is employed in our city schools. 


The people of Prescott and Yavapai county 
thorougjhly appreciate the good work and able 
administration of the subject of this article, 
judge of the probate court of the county named, 
since January, 1895. Now in the prime of life, 
he was born near Fayette, Howard county, Mo., 
June 15, 1858, and was reared to manhood in 
his native place. He is of English descent. His 
father, James M. Hicks, who was a planter's 
son, was born at the old Virginia homestead 
and thence removed to Tennessee, later becom- 
ing a pioneer of Fayette, Mo., where he 
improved a large farm. During the latter part 
of his life he conducted a livery, sale and com- 
mission business in Fayette. Fraternally he 
was connected with the Masonic order. At all 
times he was loyal to the Union. His wife, 
Penelope (Payne) Hicks, was born in Alabama, 
and accompanied her parents to Roanoke, How- 
ard county, Mo., where her father became a well- 
to-do and highly respected citizen. Mrs. Hicks 
was a relative of the celebrated Bishop Doggett 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church South; she 
was a lady of culture and refinement. Her death 
occurred in Missouri many years ago, and of her 
two sons and two daughters who lived to matur- 
ity only two survive. 

Judge Hicks completed his literary education 
in Central College, at Fayette, Mo., leaving 
there when in his junior year. In March, 1879, 
he went to Colorado, and six, months later to 
New Mexico, where he was engaged in pros- 
pecting and mining. He was in southern New 
Mexico during the time of the troubles with 
the Apaches and when Chief Victoria was carry- 



ing on his warfare. Meantime he experienced 
many adventures and dangers incident to the 
conditions then existing. In July, 1880, he 
came to Prescott, and for six months was 
employed on the cattle ranch of Judge Edward 
W. Wells. On his return to the city he entered 
the employ of J. W. Dougherty, of the O. K. 
store, and six years later became a partner in 
the business. However, at the end of two years, 
he sold out, and during the ensuing five years- 
was a clerk and bookkeeper in the clothing 
house of J. W. Wilson & Co. In the meantime 
he served as city assessor and collector for a 
year, after which he was bookkeeper at the 
Hotel Burke. 

In the fall of 1894 he was elected probate 
judge by a majority of two hundred and nine 
votes. Two years later he was re-elected by 
a majority of eight hundred and twenty-four. 
In 1898 he was re-elected, receiving a plurality 
vote of twelve hundred and thirty-two, and in 
1900 he had a majority of ten hundred and 
twenty-four. During the latter year the general 
vote of the county was not so large on account 
of the law requiring a receipt showing the pay- 
ment of poll tax before registration. His pres- 
ent term will expire in 1902. When first assum- 
ing the responsible duties of this office he found 
its affairs in a chaotic state, and with charac- 
teristic energy he at once set about to secure 
material reforms. School funds had been mis- 
appropriated, the records were in a muddled 
condition, and everything pertaining to the 
office was in a tangle. This did not last long, 
for Judge Hicks is thoroughly systematic, con- 
scientious and possesses excellent judgment and 
ability. Rapidly he reduced things to a clear 
and safe basis, straightened out the records and 
introduced new methods. At that time the office 
of school superintendent was included with the 
probate judgeship, and this absurdity was 
strongly fought by Judge Hicks, who threw all 
of his influence upon the side of the progressive, 
who advocated the separation of the two offices. 
In January, 1899, when this measure was car- 
ried into effect, the books and records of the 
superintendent were in a fine condition. 

As is generally known, the judge is an ardent 
worker in the Democratic party, and at present 
is secretary of the county central committee, 

besides which he has served as secretary of ter- 
ritorial conventions of the party. Fraternally 
he is connected with the Order of Elks and is 
a past officer in the lodge of Knights of Pythias, 
also a member of the Uniform Rank. For many 
years he has had investments in mines, and at 
the time of the sale of the Great Congress group 
owned one of its claims. 

The marriage of Judge Hicks, in Prescott, in 
1886, united him with Miss Allie St. Clair. Mrs. 
Hicks came of one of the best families of Ten- 
nessee, in which state she was born and reared. 
She was educated at Ripley Seminary, in Ripley, 
Miss. She was a model wife and neighbor and 
noted for many unostentatious acts of charity. 
She departed this life in February, 1901, at the 
family residence in Prescott, Ariz., leaving her 
husband, the subject of this sketch, Violet 
Alice, the only child and daughter, and a large 
circle of friends who deeply mourned her loss. 
Judge Hicks is devoted in his friendships, firm 
in his convictions, and strong in his attachments, 
which qualities, combined with his long resi- 
dence in northern Arizona, have won for him 
a host of friends and acquaintances among all 
classes of the citizens of Arizona. 


For seventeen years Judge Layton has identi- 
fied his expectations and successes with the for- 
tunes of the quaintly interesting town of Flag- 
staff, and during that time no one has more 
enthusiastically advocated her resources, or 
more courageously shared her vicissitudes. A 
native of the Hoosier state, he was born in La- 
fayette, Ind., in 1852, and here received his 
early training and education. He early dis- 
played a desire to help himself, and became self- 
supporting as a clerk in a shoe house, where 
he remained until 1880. In an effort to better 
his condition in the west he remained for two 
years at Salida, Colo., where he engaged in the 
mercantile business with a brother, James A. 
Layton, who is now registrar in the United 
States land office, at Montrose, Colo. 

In 1882 Judge Layton came to Arizona, and 
the following year, when he took up his resi- 
dence in Flagstaff, that settlement contained but 
a few courageous comers who wisely foresaw ex- 



cellent prospects. For a time he was associated 
with the Arizona Lumber Company, and in 1893 
joined the forces of the Saginaw Lumber Com- 
pany, with which he remained for two years. In 
1895 he was elected on the Republican ticket to 
the combined positions of probate judge and 
superintendent of county schools, and re-elected 
in 1896, 1898 and 1900. He is now serving his 
fourth term, which began in January of 1901. 
Under his wise and capable administration the 
educational facilities of the county have materi- 
ally increased, and the methods of instruction 
have been placed on a par with those adopted 
in older and more settled communities. Affairs 
in the department are personally superintended 
by Judge Layton. who is ever foremost in fur- 
thering any cause which tends to the general 

Judge Layton was actively identified with the 
separation of Coconino from Yavapai county, 
and was one of the chief organizers of the new 
county, being appointed deputy under the first 
county recorder. During 1891-92 he served as 
justice of the peace for Flagstaff. He is vari- 
ously interested fraternally, being a member of 
the Masons and Odd Fellows at Flagstaff, and 
a past noble grand of the Grand Lodge of Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. 


Well known throughout Arizona as the ter- 
ritorial veterinary surgeon, Dr. James C. Norton 
has occupied this important public office for 
eight years, having been appointed by Governor 
Hughes and reappointed by Governors Frank- 
lin, McCord and Murphy. His pre-eminent 
position in his chosen profession is shown by 
the fact that he has been chosen resident secre- 
tary for Arizona and New Mexico of the Amer- 
ican Veterinary Medical Association. Born in 
Muscatine county, Iowa, August 16, 1867, Dr. 
Norton is in the prime of manhood. His father, 
Charles W. Norton, was born in Medina county, 
Ohio, September 9, 1836, and is a son of Birdsey 
B. Norton, a native of Litchfield, Conn., and a 
pioneer farmer of Medina county, Ohio. He 
was a schoolmate of Henry Ward Beecher at 
Litchfield, Conn. His father, Capt. Miles Nor- 
ton, was an officer in the war of 1812. The 

family was founded in America by three broth- 
ers, who emigrated from the north of Ireland 
and at first settled in Connecticut. The records 
of the family as far back as 1642 are still in 

Charles W. Norton was educated principally 
at Baldwin University in Berea, Ohio, and a 
commercial college in Cleveland, from which he 
was graduated. After leaving college he rode 
horseback from Medina county, Ohio, to 
Omaha, Neb., and return, and in western Iowa 
entered a tract of government land. For two 
years thereafter he was engaged in clerking in 
a store conducted by his uncle at Phelps, N. Y. 
Subsequently he returned to Iowa and for $1,000 
sold the tract of one hundred and twenty acres 
he had entered, using the money toward the pay- 
ment for two hundred and sixty acres of land 
in Muscatine county, where he located and 
where for thirty-five years he has resided. His 
property there now aggregates nearly a thou- 
sand acres of finely improved farming land, on 
which he has bred fine stock for many years. 
After taking up his abode in Iowa, he was one 
of the first to introduce the breeding of Short- 
horn cattle there, and his fine herds have made 
him famous throughout that portion of the west. 
Considered a high authority on that and kindred 
subjects, he was made president of the Iowa 
State Stock Breeders' Association, and in the 
Iowa Shorthorn Breeders' Association has occu- 
pied the office of secretary for ten years. All 
public affairs of his community have received 
his liberal support, and he was one of the most 
active promoters of the Norton Normal and 
Scientific Academy at Wilton, Iowa, which was 
named for him. He has been president of three 
different insurance companies and is now presi- 
dent of the Mutual Fire and Tornado Insurance 
Association of Iowa. In politics he is a stanch 
Republican, and is now serving for the second 
time as mayor of Wilton. In religion he is an 
active member of the Presbyterian Church. 

For a life companion C. W. Norton chose 
Mary Collier, a native of Medina county, Ohio, 
and a daughter of George Collier, who removed 
from Hartford, Conn., to Ohio about 1810, and 
became one of the most influential and public- 
spirited pioneers of the Buckeye state. Her 
brother, Rev. George W. Collier, served four 



years as chaplain of President McKinley's regi- 
ment. He was once captured, tried as a spy 
and sentenced to death, but was subsequently 
released through the intercession of the Free 
Masons, who proved his innocence of the charge. 
However, he was for some time confined in 
Andersonville prison. Mrs. Norton is still liv- 
ing, as are four of the six children born to this 
worthy couple. Their eldest child, Oakley G., 
a young man of great promise, was graduated 
from the Iowa State Agricultural College in 
1885, but died two years later. Birdsey Norton, 
the third son, is assisting in the management of 
the old homestead ; and Carl W. is attending the 
Iowa State Agricultural College. Florence was 
graduated from the University of Iowa in 1900. 
Dr. Norton was reared at his birthplace near 
Wilton, Iowa, and received excellent educational 
advantages. At Norton Normal and Scientific 
College he was graduated in 1888 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. Afterward he 
completed the normal and commercial courses 
in the same school. In the meantime he had 
taught school during the winter terms, thus 
earning the amount necessary to pay his way 
through the agricultural college. Later he con- 
tinued his studies in the University of Iowa for 
a year, and then entered the veterinary depart- 
ment of the Iowa State College at Ames, Iowa, 
where he completed a three years' course. ' In 
1890 he was graduated, carrying off the first 
honors of his class, and was called to the post 
of assistant professor in the veterinary depart- 
ment, where he remained for a year. In Janu- 
ary, 1892, he came to Phoenix, where he 
embarked upon a career in which he has attained 
more than a local reputation. Politically he fol- 
lows in the footsteps of his father. In the Pres- 
byterian Church of Phoenix he serves as a ruling 
elder, and for eight years has been choirmaster. 
He has bent his efforts toward the development 
of the musical spirit of the community, and many 
benevolences are aided by him. In his native 
town he was married, October n, 1892, to Miss 
Clara Tufts, daughter of Benjamin Tufts, an 
early settler of Wilton. Mrs. Norton was born 
there and is a graduate of the Norton Normal 
and Scientific Academy, class of 1888. They 
have three children, Etta, Oakley T. and Vic- 
tor C. 

As Dr. Norton's office is one of the most 
important in the territory, it is but fitting to 
record briefly an estimate of the high esteem in 
which he is held by reason of his professional 
and scientific attainments. Colin Cameron, who 
for years was chairman of the Live Stock San- 
itary Board of Arizona, in a letter to Governor 
McCord, said : "From my personal knowledge 
and association with Dr. Norton for over five 
years, I know him to be the best qualified and 
best equipped man in this territory, without any 
exception whatever, for the position of terri- 
torial veterinarian. Not only is he educated in 
his profession, not only is he a student, not only 
has he the confidence of his neighbors and of 
every cattleman who knows him personally and 
by reputation, but it is doubly important that 
he be retained at the present time (July, 1897) 
because he has the confidence of the present 
secretary of agriculture and of the chief of the 
bureau of animal industry of the United States. 
No territorial or state veterinarian in the United 
States stands higher, in either of these depart- 
ments, than does Dr. Norton. I know this direct 
from the department, through my correspon- 
dence with them." 

Referring to the disease among cattle near 
Tempe, then prevalent, the letter continues : "A 
condition now exists in Arizona that would put 
a large extent of the territory south of the quar- 
antine line, only for the fact that the bureau of 
animal industry places implicit confidence in the 
integrity of the sanitary board and of the ter- 
ritorial veterinarian. . . . Dr. Norton vis- 
ited Washington city, was present and assisted 
in many of the experiments in the laboratory 
and in the field ; he also visited St. Louis and 
the University at Columbia, Mo., where much 
work is being done in re southern cattle 
fever. I have letters from the chief of the 
bureau of animal industry and from the secre- 
tary of agriculture since Dr. Norton's return, 
speaking very highly of him and expressing 
great satisfaction for the better understanding 
that they have of the conditions here as a result 
of his going there." 

To those who believe that the passing of the 
Indian is a well nigh accomplished fact, and that 



henceforward his picturesqueness will live only 
upon the canvas of the artist, in the tale of Hia- 
watha, the stories of Cooper, and the romance 
of Ramona, and that the warmth and color and 
action which have characterized his wanderings 
upon the western plains are fast receding into 
the shadows of the happy hunting ground, a 
merciful retreat from the world of intellectuality 
and accomplishment in which he is supposed to 
be unable to take a part, to such, the scope and 
humanitarianism of the work accomplished by 
Professor McCowan, superintendent of the In- 
dian school at Phoenix, will come as a revela- 
tion. For out of the years of striving of him- 
self and those who think with him, toward the 
development of those attributes in the Indian 
which constitute good citizenship and broad life, 
has come a rejuvenated red man, who looks out 
upon the world with the heart, and brain, and 
attainment, in many ways the equal of the sup- 
planting pale brotherhood. 

Of Scotch-English descent, Professor Mc- 
Cowan was born in Ontario, Canada, February 
8, 1863, and is a son of Robert O. and Hannah 
(Blake) McCowan. When two years of age he 
was taken by his parents to New York state, 
and, after the expiration of two years, to Peoria 
county, 111., where he grew to man's estate. At 
the early age of nine years he was introduced, 
through the death of his father, to the serious 
and responsible side of life, and was forced to 
face the problem of self-support. After being 
employed for a time as a chore boy on a farm, 
he began when eleven years of age to work in 
the coal mines of Peoria county, 111. This 
gloomy and uninspiring occupation was con- 
tinued until his eighteenth year, and, in the 
mean time, the sturdy and persevering traits of 
character which have since spanned the distance 
from the coal mines to a position in the front 
ranks of the country's educators, began to peer 
through the dismal surroundings, and to reach 
out in an overwhelming desire for knowledge. 
After leaving the mines Mr. McCowan studied 
at the Elmwood high school in Peoria county, 
and in 1886 was graduated from the Indiana 
Normal school, at Valparaiso, Ind. Subse- 
quently, he served for two years as principal of 
the academy at Princeville, 111., and for the 
same length of time was principal of the Lincoln 

high school, at Peoria. Later, as a journalistic 
venture, he assumed the editorship of the Satur- 
day Evening Call, a weekly periodical published 
in Peoria, and which has since been discon- 

Mr. McCowan's association with the Indians 
began in 1889, when, for a year,- he was superin- 
tendent of the day schools on the Rosebud reser- 
vation in South Dakota. In 1890 he was offered 
the choice of the superintendency of three dif- 
ferent Indian schools, but availed himself of the 
request of the commissioner of Indian affairs 
that he open a new Indian school at Mohave, 
Ariz. During the six years of his devotion to 
the interests of the school at Mohave, his salary 
was twice raised, and at the expiration of the 
time of service he was promoted to the super- 
intendency of the Indian school at Albuquerque, 
N. M. At the end of six months he received 
a still further mark of appreciation, being ap- 
pointed supervisor of all the Indian schools in 
the United States. This responsible position he 
later resigned in order to take charge of the 
Indian Industrial School at Phoenix, with which 
he has been associated since 1897. In the in- 
terval of his residence in Phoenix he has been 
offered the inspectorship of the Indian schools 
of the United States, but has given the matter 
little consideration, believing that his wisest and 
best opportunity lay in connection with the in- 
stitution of whch he is the ruling power. 

During his student life, and later in connec- 
tion with his educational work in Illinois and 
Indiana, Mr. McCowan devoted all possible 
available time to a mastery of the science of law, 
and in 1894 he was admitted to practice at the 
bar of Arizona. In July, 1885, he married Emma 
Beecher, a daughter of A. H. Beecher, of Hanna 
City, 111., and of this union there is one son, 
Leroy M. Mrs. McCowan is a relative of the 
famous Henry Ward Beecher of Plymouth 
Church, Brooklyn, and she is also related to 
General Rosecrans. As a member of the Re- 
publican party Mr. McCowan has been identified 
with many political undertakings, and while liv- 
ing in Mohave county, Ariz., was elected a dele- 
gate to the territorial constitutional convention. 
At present he is serving on the governor's staff 
with the rank of colonel. He is variously asso- 
ciated with the commercial, fraternal, and social 



organizations which abound in Phoenix and vi- 
cinity, and is one of the organizers, and the 
present vice-president of the Home Savings 
Bank & Trust Company of Phoenix. He is a 
Knight of Pythias, a member of the board of 
trade, and president of the Illinois Association 
of the Salt River valley. November 16, 1900, 
he became managing editor of the Arizona Re- 

The Phoenix Indian school with which Mr. 
McCowan is connected is the second in size 
in the United States. During the year 1899 
nearly seven hundred students attended the 
school, representing more than fifty different 
tribes, and coming from all over the Pacific 
coast. The building is a model of its kind, and 
in addition to the other modern improvements 
is lighted throughout with electricity. The liter- 
ary course at the school extends from the kin- 
dergarten to the high school course, and each 
child is obliged, during his residence at the 
school, to adopt and complete a trade. The kind 
of occupation may be of his own selecting, and 
he has the choice of cabinet-work, carpentry, 
blacksmithing, wagon-making, painting, brick- 
making and laying, plastering, harness and 
shoe-making, gardening, horticulture, agricul- 
ture, dairying, cooking, dressmaking, and house- 
keeping. It is doubtful if anyone now living, 
or in the past, has brought to bear upon Indian 
development the profound study which has en- 
abled Professor McCowan so readily to under- 
stand and minister to the special requirements 
of the redskins. He believes in the old saying 
that the "Indian nature is human nature bound 
in red," and to quote his own words, the Indian 
is "likable and teachable, docile and obedient, 
apt and easily led." His impression of a few of 
the tribes is summed up in the words "The 
Hopis are the nicest, most docile and most 
obedient Indians, and the smallest ; while the 
Apache, Mojave and Papago are splendidly 
equipped physically, but inclined toward way- 
wardness and obstinacy, and uneasy under con- 
trol." Professor McCowan believes that there 
is no height to which the Indian may not attain, 
and under his own observation they have be- 
come scientific farmers, representatives in con- 
gress, soldiers in the army, and have excelled 
in the professions of law and medicine. They 

have also made names for themselves as artists 
and musicians. The girls develop into excellent 
trained nurses and cooks, and some are success- 
ful as teachers. From the standpoint of this 
noble student of Indian characteristics the fu- 
ture of the red man holds alluring possibilities 
and far from being the victims of a surviving 
fitness, they may, under favorable circumstances, 
compete with the peoples who have enjoyed 
centuries of civilization. 


The world instinctively pays homage to the 
man whose success has been worthily achieved, 
and by common consent Col. John H. Martin, 
of Tucson, is deemed a leading member of the 
legal profession of Arizona. In military circles 
of this territory he is no less popular than in 
business and social circles, and his fine execu- 
tive ability and patriotic interest in everything 
relating to our progress redound greatly to his 

On both the paternal and maternal lines, Colo- 
nel Martin is of Scotch-Irish descent. His par- 
ents, James and Sarah J. (Gray) Martin, were 
natives of the northern part of Ireland, whence 
they came to the United States early in life. The 
father resided first in Newburgh, N. Y., and 
then, removing to St. Louis, Mo., passed the 
rest of his years there, his death occurring at 
his old home in 1899. For more than thirty-five 
years he served as city weigher, and made a 
good record for fidelity and general efficiency. 
During the Civil war he served in a Mis- 
souri regiment, with the rank of second 
lieutenant, and as a federal officer rendered good 

Col. J. H. Martin is the eldest of five children, 
his birth having occurred December 28, 1861, in 
St. Louis, Mo. His education was obtained in 
the public and high schools of that city, from 
which he was graduated in 1880. In order to 
further equip himself for his commercial ca- 
reer, he pursued a course of study in the local 
business college, after which he became a dep- 
uty in the office of the city assessor of St. Louis. 
In 1885 he came to Tucson, and for about four 
years served as clerk of the United States dis- 
trict court, his duties as such terminating in 



November, 1889. In the meantime, in 1887, he 
had been admitted to the bar, and since the 
opening of 1890 has devoted his attention al- 
most exclusively to the practice of his profes- 
sion. Associated with Judge William H. 
Barnes, his wife's father, he is a member of the 
firm of Barnes & Martin, in whose charge the 
legal interests of numerous local enterprises and 
mining companies are reposed. He is a member 
of the Territorial Bar Association. 

In 1889 Colonel Martin organized Company 
D, First Regiment of the Arizona National 
Guard, and was commissioned as its captain. 
Two years later he was further honored by being 
commissioned major of the Third Battalion, and 
in June, 1892, was elected to the colonelcy of 
the regiment, in which important position he 
has served ever since. The people of the north 
and east, enjoying a much older established 
civilization, and who labor under many absurd 
ideas in regard to this and adjoining territory, 
doubtless would be truly surprised did they 
know how little demand has been made upon 
these guardians of the home and nation, dur- 
ing the past decade, in the actual labors of pre- 
serving the peace and rights of our citizens. 
The colonel is justly popular with his com- 
mand, and has succeeded in inaugurating a thor- 
ough and systematic method into our military 
affairs. Initiated into Masonry in Tucson 
Lodge, No. 4, F. & A. M., he retains his mem- 
bership there, and, in addition to this, is con- 
nected with the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks, of this city. Politically he is recognized as 
one of the leading Democrats of Arizona. 

The marriage of Colonel Martin and Miss Jo- 
sephine Barnes, daughter of Judge William H. 
Barnes (see his sketch, which appears elsewhere 
in this work), was solemnized at the home of the 
latter, in Jacksonville, 111., in 1882. Two daugh- 
ters and a son bless this union, namely: Wil- 
lie, Madge and James. 


Dr. Cottrell is a skilled physician and sur- 
geon whose knowledge of the science of medi- 
cine is broad and comprehensive, and whose 
ability in applying its principles to the needs of 
humanity has gained for him an enviable pres- 

tige in the professional circles of Phoenix. He 
was born at Almond, Allegany county, N. Y., 
March 19, 1853, and is the third among six 
children, all but one of whom are still living. 
His brother, Dr. W. Elverton Cottrell, is a prac- 
ticing dentist of Harrison valley in Pennsyl- 
vania. The family was founded in America by 
his grandfather, Dr. Pardon Cottrell, a native of 
Scotland, who on coming to America located at 
Troy, N. Y., but spent his last days at Almond. 

Dr. W. S. Cottrell, the father of Albert W., 
was born near Troy, and on reaching manhood 
took up the medical profession, which he fol- 
lowed throughout the remainder of his life, be- 
ing engaged in practice at Whitesville, Alle- 
gany county, N. Y. He served as a captain 
in the New York state militia. He married 
Manercy Slingerland, whose father was born in 
Germany, and at one time owned the site of 
the present city of Syracuse, N. Y., but sold that 
land and removed to Almond, there becoming 
an extensive farmer and large land owner. Mrs. 
Cottrell is now a resident of Westfield, Pa. She 
is a member of the First Day Baptist church, 
but all the ancestors of our subject on both sides 
have belonged to the Seventh Day Baptist 

When the family removed to Whitesville, N. 
Y., Albert W. Cottrell was three years of age. 
To the public schools of that town he is in- 
debted for his early educational advantages. 
Later he attended the Alfred University, and for 
seven years he successfully engaged in teaching 
school. For some years he studied medicine 
with his father, and by aiding him in his work 
gained a good practical knowledge of the pro- 
fession which he had chosen as his life work. 
He was prepared to enter medical college at the 
age of seventeen, but on account of lack of means 
turned his attention to school teaching. In 1881 
he became a student in the University of Buffalo, 
where he completed a three years' course in two 
years, graduating in 1883 with the degree of 
M. D. March 1 1 of that year he began prac- 
tice with his father at Whitesville, and after the 
latter's death in 1885 he continued alone. It 
was a strange coincidence that, at the end of 
his second year of practice he found himself the 
only physician left in a town where formerly 
five doctors had been practicing. Tn 1885 hi- 



was appointed single medical examiner for the 
United States pension department in the district 
of southwestern New York, and held that posi- 
tion until ill health resulting trom overwork 
compelled him to leave Whitesville. He was 
next engaged in practice at Myerstown, Leb- 
anon county. Pa., and also for six and one-half 
years conducted a private sanitarium for nervous 
diseases there. Coming to Phoenix, Ariz., in 
1894, in connection with his general practice 
here, he has given special attention to diseases 
of the heart, lung trouble and nervous diseases. 
In the treatment of heart trouble he has met 
with remarkable success. In March, 1897, 
during an epidemic of grippe in Phoenix, he dis- 
covered the true germ of the disease, and the 
result of his research and discovery was pub- 
lished in the ''American Medicine." The imme- 
diate effect has been a decrease ol over fifty per 
cent in the mortality rate in his practice, purely 
from the knowledge derived by observation of 
that germ. As far as is known, he is the original 
discoverer of the true grippe germ. 

Various professional organizations number 
Dr. Cottrell among their members, including the 
New York State Medical Association, the Alle- 
gany County Medical Society and the Arizona 
Medical Association. He is a member of the 
Baptist church. Socially he belongs to the Mar- 
icopa and Athletic clubs, being a director in the 
latter. At Whitesville, N. Y., he married Miss 
Minnie Teter, who was born there and received 
her education at Alfred University. Thr-ee chil- 
dren bless this union, Ray. Leonard and Robert. 
The family have a pleasant residence on North 
Center street and hold an enviable position in 
social circles. 

The Doctor and his son Ray have recently lo- 
cated a very valuable mining property, consisting 
of a group of six claims, the ore from which as- 
says 75 per cent lead, $16 gold and $13.44 in sil- 
ver per ton. 


The popular fallacy that only elderly men are 
competent to handle the affairs of business and 
the different professions is constantly being put 
to rout by the accomplishments of the young 
men of the period. In fact, it is getting to be a 

recognized fact that this is the era of the young 
man, for in every line of human activity he is 
in great demand, and in many instances it is al- 
most pathetic to see an elderly man thrust aside 
for one of perhaps half his age. Among the 
comparatively new comers to Solomonville, 
Charles L. Rawlins is numbered, yet he has 
made rapid progress here in his chosen profes- 
sion, and has won a host of friends in business 
and social circles. 

Born at New Franklin, Howard county, Mo., 
September 13, 1875, a son of Nicholas and 
Emma (Gibson) Rawlins, Charles L. grew to 
manhood in his native locality. His father, who 
was a pioneer of Missouri, was a native of Mis- 
sissippi, and died in 1876. The mother is yet liv- 
ing, but of her three children one daughter is 
deceased, Ella, who died in 1889. Lessie, now 
the wife of William O. Cox, resides in New 
Franklin, Mo. 

Having completed his high school course, 
Charles L. Rawlins matriculated in Webb 
Brothers' Training School at Bell Buckle, Tenn., 
a celebrated southern college, and was gradu- 
ated there in 1892. He then went to St. Charles 
(Mo.) College, and later graduated in the class 
of 1895 at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, 
Tenn. Desiring further to qualify himself, he 
next entered Cumberland University, at Leb- 
anon, Tenn., where he completed a special 
course in law in 1897. Returning to Missouri, 
the young man was admitted to the bar July 
28, 1898, before Judge John A. Hockaday, ex- 
attorney-general of the state, now on the circuit 

August 5, 1898, C. L. Rawlins bade adieu to 
the friends and scenes of his youth, coming to 
Arizona to make a place for himself. Proceed- 
ing direct to Tucson, he remained there only 
a short time and arrived in Solomonville Sep- 
tember 2, 1898. Here he at once established an 
office, and only three months later was honored 
by appointment to the post of district attorney 
of Graham county. Subsequently he resigned 
from that office, in order to do more justice to 
his rapidly increasing practice. Though one of 
the youngest members of the county bar, and 
though he was without much means when he 
landed in this city, he has made a gratifying suc- 
cess of his enterprises, and the future is full 




of promise for him. He has served as attorney 
for the city and is a notary public. His fran- 
chise is used on behalf of the nominees of the 
Democratic party. Fraternally he is a member 
of Montezuma Lodge, No. 16, K. of P., which 
order he joined in Missouri. The Maraville Cop- 
per Company, incorporated under the laws of 
West Virginia, employs Mr. Rawlins as legal 
adviser and attorney. He also serves in a simi- 
lar capacity for the Arizona & Boston Copper 
Company and the Marenci Southern Railway 

The marriage of the subject of this article and 
Miss Jennie V. Kelley took place in this city 
February 7, 1899. They are the parents of one 
son, George Herndon, born March 4, 1901. Mr. 
Rawlins, aided by the suggestions and counsel 
of his young wife, is building an attractive resi- 
dence, and with true hospitality they look for- 
ward to the time when they can throw open 
their pretty home to the entertainment of their 
numerous friends. 


One of the most conspicuous instances of the 
self-made man in Arizona is to be found in Hon. 
William Morgan, of Showlow, member of the 
territorial legislature from Navajo county, and 
one of the successful sheep-raisers of the terri- 
tory. A native of Chicago, 111., Mr. Morgan 
was born in 1857 and is a son of Daniel and 
Esther (McGrath) Morgan. At the age of eight 
years, death deprived him of a father's care, and 
he almost immediately was obliged to set about 
earning his livelihood. He started out in life 
as a messenger boy for the Atlantic & Pacific 
Telegraph Company. From the age of fourteen 
until he was eighteen he was employed in the 
Chicago stock yards. 

Three years before attaining his majority Mr. 
Morgan went to Texas and for two years was 
engaged in herding sheep on a ranch near San 
Antonio. In 1879 he removed to Yavapai 
county, Ariz., settling in that portion which is 
now included in Navajo county. His first 
employment was that of sheep-herder at $25 per 
month. Four years later he and Joseph Spon- 
seller bought a herd of thirty-five hundred 
sheep at $1.50 per head, paying twelve per cent 

interest on the debt incurred by the transaction. 
Establishing a ranch at Showlow, Mr. Morgan 
has since made this place his home. His part- 
nership with Mr. Sponseller continued for four 
years, but since 1887 he has engaged in the same 
business by himself, and meantime has attained 
unusual success. During the earlier days of his 
life in Arizona he was a witness of many of the 
Indian troubles, including the warfare between 
the federal government and Geronimo and Vic- 
toria with their bands of Apaches. 

Although Mr. Morgan has devoted practically 
his entire life to the sheep industry, he has 
recently identified hmiself actively with terri- 
torial politics., As the candidate of the Demo- 
cratic party, he served two terms as justice of 
the peace, then held the office of supervisor one 
year and a half by appointment, and subse- 
quently was elected to the latter office for a full 
term of four years. In 1900 he was a candidate 
for member of the legislature, defeating Burton 
C. Mossman, the Republican nominee, though 
he made no canvass whatever for the office. In 
the present legislature he serves as chairman of 
the committee on federal relations, and as a 
member of the committees on claims, appropria- 
tions, live stock, and county and county boun- 
daries. Personally, he is a large-hearted, gen- 
erous, hospitable man, a valued member of 
society, a liberal contributor to publie benefi- 
ciaries, and the possessor of many warm per- 
sonal friends. 


The life record of General Roskruge is indis- 
solubly associated with the history of Masonry 
in 'Arizona. He was born in Roskruge, near 
Helston, Cornwall, England, April 10, 1845. At 
the age of fifteen he secured employment as 
messenger boy in the law office of Messrs. 
Grylls, Hill & Hill, of Helston. August 12, 
1860, he entered the Seventh Company of the 
Duke of Cornwall's Rifle Volunteers, in which 
he served ten years, meantime gaining consider- 
able note as a rifle shot, being the winner of 
many company and regimental prizes. August 
31, 1868, he was selected as one of the Cornish 
Twenty to compete with the Devon Twenty in 
the fourth annual match for the challenge cup 



For the two years prior to his resignation from 
the Volunteers, he wore the Three Stars, for be- 
ing the crack shot of his company. 

The date of General Roskruge's arrival in the 
United States is October, 1870. Going direct 
to Denver, Colo., he was given employment by 
Lawrence N. Greenleaf and Gardner G. Brewer. 
After two years in Denver, he, in company with 
twenty other adventurous spirits, determined to 
visit Arizona. After having experienced perils 
of floods, droughts, famine and the hostility of 
the Apaches, they reached Prescott in June. 
1872. During November of the same year he 
engaged as cook and packer with Omar H. 
Case, deputy United States surveyor, who at the 
time was running the fifth standard parallel 
north from Patridge creek to the Colorado 
river. As chainman, he assisted Mr. Case in 
the spring of 1873. During 1874 he was for 
several months in the field with United States 
Deputy Surveyor, C. B. Foster. On returning 
from the field, he prepared the maps and field 
notes for transmission to the surveyor-general. 
The neat and correct manner in which these 
maps were made caused the then surveyor-gen- 
eral of Arizona, Hon. John Wasson, to tender 
him the position of chief draughtsman in his 
office. Accepting the position, he filled it with 
credit. In June, 1880, he resigned in order to 
devote ' his attention to surveying, having re- 
ceived an appointment as United States deputy- 
land and mineral surveyor. He has served four 
terms as county surveyor of Pima county, three 
terms as city engineer of Tucson, one term as a 
member of the board of regents of the Uni- 
versity of Arizona, and in 1888 was elected vice- 
president of the Tucson Building & Loan As- 
sociation, of which he was made president in 
1889. July i, 1893, he was appointed chief clerk 
in the United States surveyor-general's office. 
Upon the resignation of the surveyor-general, 
in 1896, he was appointed to the office by Presi- 
dent Cleveland, and continued in that capacity 
until August, 1897; when, on account of a 
change in the national administration, his suc- 
cessor was appointed. The tender of the office 
to him was an honor fittingly bestowed and 
worthily worn. 

At the formation of the Association of Civil 
F.ngineers of Arizona in 1897, he was 'unani- 

mously elected president, though at the time he 
was not present at the meeting. He is also a 
member of the American Society of Irrigation 
Engineers. Under President Cleveland's first 
administration he was appointed special in- 
spector of public surveys. During President 
Arthur's administration he was appointed super- 
intendent of irrigating ditches for the Papago 
Indian Reservation at San Xavier, near Tucson. 
The connection of General Roskruge with 
Masonry forms an important era in his life. 
June 10, 1870, he was made a Master Mason in 
True and Faithful Lodge No. 318, at Helston. 
Cornwall. November 30, 1882, he was exalted 
to the Sublime Royal Arch Degree in Tucson 
Chapter No. 3. August 27, 1884, he was ad- 
mitted and passed as a Royal and Select Master 
in California Council No. 2, at San Francisco, 
Cal. May i, 1883, he was created a Knight 
Templar in Arizona Commandery No. i. Au- 
gust 24, 1884, he was elected an honorary mem- 
ber of Tucson Lodge No. 4; April 11, 1883, in 
recognition of services rendered the craft, he was 
elected an honorary member of the Masonic 
Veterans' Association of the Pacific coast. 
October 21, 1893, he was created an active life 
member and corresponding secretary for Ari- 
zona. His admission into Islam Temple, A. A. 
O. N. M. S., took place in September, 1884. 
During the month of December, 1882, he re- 
ceived the degrees of Ancient and Accepted 
Scottish Rite from the fourth to the thirty- 
second, inclusive. The Supreme Council for the 
Southern Jurisdiction of the United States, in 
October, 1890, elected him a Grand Commander 
of the Court of Honor. January 24, 1894, he 
was crowned Sovereign Inspector General, 
Honorary. The Grand Master of Knights 
Templar of the United States of America, Sir 
LaRne Thomas, November 28, 1895, appointed 
him inspector of grand and subordinate com- 
manderies for the Fifteenth Templar District of 
the United States, embracing Nevada, Utah. 
New Mexico .and Arizona. At the formation of 
the Grand Lodge of Arizona, March 23, 1882, he 
was elected grand secretary, and has served con- 
tinuously as such up to the present time, with 
the exception of the year 1890, when he was 
elected grand master. As proxy for David F. 
Day, general grand high priest of the United 



States, November 12, 1890, he instituted the 
Grand Chapter, R. A. M., of Arizona, and in- 
stalled the grand officers, he himself being 
chosen grand secretary, which position he has 
held up to the present, with the exception of 
the year 1893, when he served as grand high 
priest. Also, as proxy for Sir Hugh McCurdy, 
grand master of Knights Templar of the United 
States of America, November 6, 1893, he in- 
stituted the Grand Commandery of Arizona and 
installed its grand officers, being at that time 
elected grand commander. He was the only 
Mason who was present at and assisted in the 
formation of all three grand bodies in Arizona, 
and is appropriately called the "father" of 
Masonry in Arizona. He is the grand secretary 
of the Grand Lodge and Grand Chapter and 
grand recorder of the Grand Commandery, cor- 
responding secretary of the Masonic Veterans' 
Association of the Pacific coast, and treasurer 
of the M. E. Order of High Priesthood. 

From this sketch of the General's Masonic 
career it will be seen that he holds high rank 
in one of the noblest fraternities the world has 
ever known. His life has been an exemplifica- 
tion of the truths for which Masonry stands. 
Those in need have ever received his sympathy 
and aid. Having himself experienced many 
vicissitudes, he is able to appreciate and sym- 
pathize with the reverses of others, and hence 
can enter more fully into their feelings than one 
whose life has been all sunshine. More than 
once he himself has known what it is to be out 
of reach of provisions, and suffering the pangs of 
hunger. More than once he has known what 
it is to be without money, and among strangers. 
Yet in those days, now long past, he never 
allowed himself to become discouraged, just as 
he has never permitted success to unduly exalt 
him. His varied experiences have served to 
round out his life into symmetry, and have given 
him the breadth of information nowhere else 
obtainable. One of his early experiences in Ari- 
zona, which dwells in his memory with unfad- 
ing clearness, is that of a camping expedition 
at Volunteer Springs (now Belmont) on the At- 
lantic and Pacific Division of the Santa Fe Rail- 
road, where he and three companions partook of 
a breakfast consisting of twelve early rose po- 
tatoes. They then started to walk to Prescott. 

Three and one-half days later they reached the 
Banghart ranch in the Little Chino valley, where 
they were given an abundance of food, this be- 
ing the first they had eaten in eighty-four hours. 

There are few citizens of Tucson who are 
more widely known throughout Arizona than 
General Roskruge. Nor is his prominence 
limited to circles of Masonry. Among people of 
all classes and ranks in life, he is known as a 
pioneer of the territory and a man whose aim 
for years has been to promote its welfare and 
develop its resources. As such, his name is 
worthy of perpetuation in the annals of local 

In May, 1896, he married Lena, daughter of 
Judge John S. Wood, of Tucson. Mrs. Rosk- 
ruge was born in California and there received 
her education. 

For facts referring to the General's Masonic 
career, the writer acknowledges indebtedness to 
McFarland & Poole's work of Arizona. 


This firm, and the energetic, progressive 
young men who constitute it, need no introduc- 
tion to the people of Northern Mexico, South- 
ern Arizona and Lower California, as their 
merits and widely extended business enterprises 
throughout this region have made them well 
known, and wherever known, highly respected. 
Nogales is to be congratulated that so reliable 
and accommodating a firm has established a 
bank within its borders, and, beyond a doubt, 
the growth and importance of the place dates 
from 1888, in which year the brothers first were 
associated under the present firm name. 

The genius and native business ability of P. 
Sandoval, the senior partner, was manifested, 
when, December 5, 1884, he came to Nogales to 
open a custom-house agency, for though the 
place then was a mere hamlet, with a scanty 
population, he had the sagacity to know that the 
future had something greater in store for the 
boundary town, between the two great regions 
of Arizona and Sonora, so richly endowed by 
nature. Prior to the date mentioned, Mr. 
Sandoval had been a partner of the firm of J. V. 
Sandoval & Hijos, of Guaymas, Mexico, (both 
brothers being members of the firm) and though 



a young man, had already amply demonstrated 
his executive ability. 

After spending three and a half years in 
Nogales, the brothers found that their business 
interests had grown to such proportions that it 
became expedient to establish a bank, so they 
founded the banking house of P. Sandoval & 
Co., the "company" comprising the brother 
Aurelio. The firm transacts a vast amount of 
business, representing European and American 
land and mining investors, and capitalists of 
Mexico and all parts of the world. Rich and 
valuable ranches and agricultural lands, mining 
property and mining concessions in Mexico, 
town and city real estate, cattle and many other 
sources of wealth are dealt in extensively. In 
addition to this, the firm does a large custom- 
house brokerage business, being local agents of 
Cie du Boleo, La Dura Mining & Milling Co., 
and, in brief, of the principal mining companies 
and commercial establishments of Sonora, 
Sinaloa and Lower California. The firm lias 
recently been appointed agent of the Banco 
Xacional de Mexico, the largest banking insti- 
tution of the Republic. 

Owing to the magnitude of their transactions, 
it became almost a necessity to the Sandoval 
brothers to have a banking institution of their 
own in Nogales, Ariz., and October i, 1899, the 
bank operated under the jurisdiction of P. San- 
doval & Co., opened its doors to the business 
public, and from that time forward has met with 
a liberal patronage. Under the management of 
the cashier, I. Macmanus, who possesses ripe 
financial ability, the affairs of the bank are pros- 
pering, reflecting great credit upon all con- 
nected with the enterprise. (See personal sketch 
of Mr. Macmanus, printed elsewhere in this 

In 1897 P. Sandoval & Co., with the co-opera- 
tion of ex-Governor Don Ramon Corral and 
Don Luis A. Martinez, of Guaymas, carried to a 
successful issue the establishment of the Banco 
de Sonora, located at Hermosillo, with a capital 
of $1 ,000,000, of which P. Sandoval & Co. are 
the third heaviest stockholders and which has 
become a rich and highly flourishing banking in- 
stitution. The bank of P. Sandoval & Co., of 
Nogales, is the local agent of the Sonora bank, 
the senior member of the firm being one of the 

board of directors of the last-named bank. The 
success which he has achieved is truly remark- 
able, and his uniform courtesy and genuine de- 
sire to accommodate the public in all business 
affairs accounts, in a measure at least, for his 
personal popularity. 


Unlike the majority whose greatest prosperity 
lias been found within the borders of this re- 
cently awakened territory, Hon. J. B. Finley was 
born in the adjoining state of California, and 
has been associated for the greater part of his 
life with the rapid progressiveness of the far 
west. A native of Santa Rosa, Cal., born No- 
vember 22, 1856, he is a son of Samuel Joseph 
and Prudence (Brians) Finley, natives respec- 
tively of Decatur, 111., and of Jackson, Mo. The 
paternal grandfather was a farmer and in early 
life removed from Kentucky to Illinois, where he 

Samuel Joseph Finley led a varied and inter- 
esting life, and was among the throng whose 
ambitious dreams were centered upon California 
in the days of gold. The journey thence was by 
way of Panama, and upon arriving at his destina- 
tion in 1849 he engaged for a time in mining, 
and subsequently became interested in farming 
and stock raising in Santa Rosa, Cal. In 1851 
he returned for his family, who accompanied 
him on the return trip across the plains, with 
ox-teams and wagons, by way of the Platte and 
Canon City. In Santa Rosa he attained to a 
deserved prominence in public affairs, and in the 
early fifties held the responsible and even dan- 
gerous position of sheriff of Sonoma county. 
This office was rendered anything but an envi- 
able one by the state of affairs which engendered 
the well-remembered vigilance committees that 
held sway before the state or town organization. 
The wife of S. J. Finley was formerly a daughter 
of Jackson Brians, a native of Missouri, who 
died while defending the northern cause during 
the Civil war. Mrs. Finley, who died in Santa 
Rosa, was the mother of ten children, seven of 
whom are living. Those besides James B. arc: 
Alvira, who is now Mrs. C. F. Richardson, of 
Tucson; Samuel W., who is engaged in freight- 
ing at Naco, Ariz.; George T., who is living 



at Lordsburg, N. M.; Alice, who is married to 
Arthur Oman, of Palestine, Tex.; John L., who 
is a mining engineer in Sonora, Mexico; and 
Martha, who is now the wife of James F. Oliver, 
of Helena, Mont. 

Until his sixteenth year J. B. Finley lived on 
his father's farm in California, and received in 
the mean time a fair education in the public 
schools As an independent venture he engaged 
in the saw mill business until his twenty-first 
year, and in 1877 removed to Winnemucca, 
Nev., and became interested in mining and cattle 
raising. In October of 1882 the mining and cat- 
tle interests were satisfactorily disposed of, and 
Mr. Finley located in Deming, Grant county, 
N. M., where he engaged in contracting and 
building until 1885. The same year he entered 
the employ of the Southern Pacific Railroad 
Company at Deming, as manager of the Pull- 
man repair shop. In December, 1886, he was 
sent to Tucson as foreman of the company's 
shops at that place, and in July of 1887 was pro- 
moted to the position of master car repairer of 
the Tucson division, between El Paso and 
Yuma. To the duties of this responsible posi- 
tion he has since devoted his energies. 

Mr. Finley is generally conceded to be one 
of the best -legislators in the territory, and the 
measures and reforms brought about through 
his wise suggestion have universally been recog- 
nized as of paramount utility. In 1896 he was 
nominated on the Democratic ticket to the nine- 
teenth legislative assembly by the largest vote 
on the ticket, and was chairman of the commit- 
tee on corporations, and a member of many 
other committees. His bill for the reinstating 
of the salaries of the county officials was vetoed 
by the governor, and subsequently proved to be 
the only bill passed over the governor's veto. In 
1898 Mr. Finley was nominated by acclamation 
to the territorial council, and elected by a large 
majority to the twentieth legislative council. 
During the sessions he was chairman of the en- 
rolling and engrossing committees, and served 
on several other important committees, his op- 
position being largely responsible for the de- 
feat of the woman's suffrage bill. He secured 
the passage of the poll tax law, which rendered 
compulsory the payment of a poll tax at the time 
of registration. In 1900 he was again nominated 

by acclamation, this time to be joint councilman 
for Pima and Santa Cruz counties, over George 
Pusch, whom he defeated by a majority of five 
hundred votes. Aside from his legislative re- 
sponsibilities he has served as a member of ter- 
ritorial and county Democratic central commit- 

In Tucson, Ariz., Mr. Finley was united in 
marriage with Clara Letts, who was born in 
Burlington, Iowa. Mr. Finley is a member of 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, and is 
a director of the club which is run by that or- 
ganization. He is also associated with the 
Knights of Pythias, and the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, and is a member of the Pa- 
cific Coast Railway Club. 


Undoubtedly one of the most popular citizens 
of Tucson is Hon. Samuel Y. Barkley, who, 
with little special effort upon his part, might 
easily rise to a foremost place among the states- 
men to Arizona, and to still greater honors than 
he has yet enjoyed. However, he is not ambi- 
tious of public distinction, although every move- 
ment calculated to advance the welfare of Ari- 
zona receives his support, and his name always 
stands for progress. 

A direct descendant of a Revolutionary hero, 
Mr. Barkley is of Scotch-Irish extraction. His 
great-grandfather Barkley located in Virginia 
upon coming from the northern part of Ireland, 
and later he went to Tennessee, in the meantime 
serving in the war for independence. Three or 
four generations of his descendants have since 
resided in Tennessee. Thomas C., father of 
Samuel Y. Barkley, was born in Rutherford 
county, Tenn., and during the Civil war served 
in a regiment of that state. In 1882 he re- 
moved with his family to Johnson county, Tex., 
and seven years afterwards came to Arizona, 
where he now owns a farm near Glendale, Mari- 
copa county. His wife, formerly Nancy J. Wil- 
son, was of Scotch descent. She was born in 
Wilson county, Tenn., and died on the old home- 
stead in Johnson county, Tex., when fifty-six 
years of age. Their eldest son. Rev. William T. 
Barkley, is the pastor of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church at Glendale. Charles H., 



the second son, is a farmer near Glendale, and 
D. Frank is a farmer near Mesa. John A. is in 
partnership with our subject, and J. Burke died 
in 1898 at Mesa. Mrs. Annie C. Bone and Mrs. 
Nannie H. Green reside near Phoenix, while 
Mrs. Jennie M. Fuller lives at Glendale, and 
Mrs. Mary C. Vincent is a resident of Tucson. 

The birth of Hon. Samuel Y. Barkley oc- 
curred April 26, 1866, at the old family home in 
Rutherford county, Tenn., but he was reared in 
Dyer county, that state. In 1882 he came to the 
west, and for some time pursued his studies at 
Barrows high school, in Cleburne, Tex., then 
engaging in teaching for about a year. In 1887 
he came to Arizona and took up some land, well 
situated on the Salt River canal, some nine miles 
west of Phoenix. This place he improved and 
cultivated for four years, also managing a tarm 
near Mesa. The homestead he disposed of in 
1891, but still owns the one near Mesa. 

Ten years ago Mr. Barkley commenced study- 
ing law under the direction of Frank Cox and 
Judge Webster Street, of Phoenix, with whom 
he remained a student during three winters, but 
at the end of this period the attractions of the 
commercial world gained the mastery over the 
young man. Since 1895 he has lived in Tucson, 
where he bought a half interest in the livery 
business with which he is yet connected. At 
the end of three years he bought out his part- 
ner, W. S. Neff, and since December, 1898, has 
been a member of the firm of Barkley Brothers. 
The Tucson Stables, as the establishment is 
known, was situated on Scott, near Camp street, 
and is now at the corner of Congress and Sixth 
avenue. A substantial brick structure, 102x185 
feet in dimensions,' it is the largest stable in the 
city, and has few, if any, superiors in Arizona. 
A stage line between Tucson and Helvetia 
(thirty-odd miles away) is maintained by Bark- 
ley Brothers, one trip each way being made 
every day. 

An active worker in the Democratic party, 
Samuel Y. Barkley has been valued as a mem- 
ber of the county central committee. In 1898 . 
he was nominated by acclamation, and without 
his solicitation, as representative of this district 
in the Arizona legislature, but owing to pressing 
business affairs was obliged to decline the honor. 
His friends, however, were so determined to 

send him to the legislative assembly that in the 
fall of 1900 he was again their nominee, without 
any expressed desire upon his part, and in the 
ensuing election he was elected by the largest 
majority on the legislative ticket. In the 
Twenty-first legislature he stood for all meas- 
ures calculated to advance our public prosper- 
ity. He introduced and secured the passage of 
acts securing a bond issue of $25,000 for. addi- 
tional buildings for the Territorial University at 
Tucson and increasing the maintenance fund of 
that institution, and a law appropriating $2,500 
for the maintenance of the Arizona Pioneers' 
Historical Society. 

He is a member of the Knights of Pythias, the 
Foresters of America, the Woodmen of the 
World, and the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, and religiously is an elder in the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian Church. 

The marriage of Mr. Barkley and Miss Nannie 
A. Howard took place in Tempe, Ariz., October 
22, 1892. She is a native of Cooke county, 
Tex., daughter of Jonathan Howard (de- 
ceased), and possesses many charms of mind 
and heart. Two little daughters, Bessie J. and 
Yelma E., bless the home of this sterling couple. 


The prosperity of any community depends 
upon its business activity, and the enterprise 
manifest in commercial circles is the foundation 
upon which is builded the material welfare of 
town, state and nation. The most important 
factors in public" life at the present day are there- 
fore the men who are in control of successful 
business interests and such a one is Mr. Smith 
of Phoenix, who is president of the Arizona 
Land & Stock Company, and also of the 
Orchard Grove Investment Company. 

He was born in Sonoma county, Cal., May 6, 
1853, and is the seventh in order of birth in a 
family of six sons and two daughters, of whom 
five sons and one daughter are still living, but 
he is the only one in Arizona. He comes of good 
old Revolutionary stock, and his paternal grand- 
father, Henry Smith, was among the defenders 
of the country in the war of 1812. He was a 
native of Little Rock, Va., and a pioneer of 
Tennessee. W. A. Smith, our subject's father, 



was born in the latter state, and in 1852 crossed 
the plains with ox teams, settling in Sonoma 
county, Cal., where he followed farming for 
some years. In 1876 he removed to Santa Ana, 
that state, where his death occurred. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Rebecca Clark 
and was a native of Sandusky, Ohio, is still liv- 
ing in California at the age of eighty years. Her 
father, John Clark, died in that state. 

W. T. Smith was educated in the district 
schools of his native state, and in 1876 engaged 
in teaming in Southern California. In December 
of that year he started for Arizona, and arrived 
in Phoenix on the 28th of January, 1877, at 
which time the town contained a population of 
only four hundred. For a year he was engaged 
in mining at the Silver King Mine in Final 
county, and the following year carried on a 
butchering business in Phoenix. He was pro- 
prietor of the Capital Hotel ten years, and for 
two years was engaged in general merchandis- 
ing. In 1891 he organized the Sunset Telephone 
Company; built all the lines in Phoenix and 
throughout the Salt River valley; and was 
manager of the same until 1900, when he sold 
the business. During all these years he has been 
' interested in mining, and now as a member of 
the firm of Smith & Marlow owns the Cayanide 
plant near Morristown, Maricopa county. As 
previously stated he is also president of the 
Orchard Grove Investment Company and the 
Arizona Land & Stock Company, both of which 
own some very valuable property. At different 
times he has been interested in farming in the 
Salt River valley, and has also been connected 
with other business enterprises. Thoroughness 
and persistency have characterized his entire 
business career, and have been supplemented by 
careful attention to details and by honorable, 
straightforward effort, that have gained him a 
most excellent and enviable reputation. 

In Maricopa county Mr. Smith married Miss 
Sarah A. McElrath, a native of California, by 
whom he has two children, William Walter and 
Thomas Jefferson. As a Democrat Mr. Smith 
has taken a very prominent and influential part 
in local politics; has served as chairman of the 
county committee several times, and as a mem- 
ber of the territorial committee. For four years 
he represented the fourth ward in the city 

council; was a member of the county board of 
supervisors the same length of time; and in 
March, 1892, was elected to the territorial 
council, becoming a member of the seventeenth 
general assembly. He secured an appropriation 
for the Normal School at Tempe, and was also 
instrumental in securing the passage of the bill 
for taxing the national banks. His public service 
has been most exemplary, and he has left office 
as he entered it with the entire confidence of the 
public. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and several 
other societies. 


Dr. McNally, surgeon for the Santa Fe, Pres- 
cott & Phoenix Railroad, and now serving his 
fourth term as county physician of Yavapai 
county, is one of the ablest young practitioners 
of this portion of Arizona. From his boyhood 
he has been noted for his ambitious, determined 
way of overcoming obstacles which he has 
encountered, and to himself alone he owes his 
signal success. 

The doctor is a native of County Carlow, Ire- 
land, his birth having taken place in the town 
of Old Leighlin thirty-five years ago. His 
father, John McNally, who is of an old family in 
the county mentioned, and is still living on the 
old homestead he has cultivated for many 
decades past, is a hero of the Civil war of the 
United States, for he served in a New England 
regiment throughout that strife, then returning 
to the Emerald Isle. His wife, the doctor's 
mother, Mrs. Mary (Lynch) McNally, was born 
and spent her entire life in Ireland. One of 
their sons, Bernard, died in San Francisco in 
1897, and the only survivor is the doctor, who 
is the youngest of the family. A brother of Dr. 
McNally, Rev. J. B. McNally, is pastor of a 
Roman Catholic Church in Oakland, Cal., and is 
a lecturer of considerable celebrity. 

The elementary education of our subject was 
obtained in the national schools of Ireland and 
in Christian Brothers' College, at Bagnalstown. 
In 1883 he crossed the Atlantic to seek his live- 
lihood in the United States, and proceeding 
direct to San Francisco soon secured some 
employment. Desiring further business qualifi- 
cations, he attended the Lincoln night school 



for some time, and for a period worked for the 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company. Then he 
determined to prepare himself for the medical 
profession and commenced his studies along this 
line under the direction of Dr. E. R. Bryant, of 
San Francisco. In 1892 he entered Hahnemann 
Hospital College, of that city, and after com- 
pleting the systematic four years' course 
required was graduated in the class of 1896, with 
the degrees of Doctor of Medicine and Master 
of Surgery. He had taken special work in 
clinical surgery and during the last year of his 
college career was demonstrator of anatomy. 
Re-elected to that responsible position for 
another year, he nevertheless declined to serve, 
as he desired to establish himself in independent 
practice immediately. From that time to the 
present he has been particularly fortunate in his 
surgical work, his reputation for skill being 

The year which witnessed his graduation saw 
his arrival in Prescott. In the same year he 
took a special course in diseases of the ear and 
throat. For the past four years he has been the 
local surgeon for the railroad passing through 
this place, as was previously mentioned, and in 
addition to this is the medical examiner for the 
lodges of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men and the Woodmen of the World. He also 
belongs to the Red Men and the Good Tem- 
plars, and to the Arizona Homeopathic Medical 
Association. In politics a stalwart Republican, 
he is now acting as a member of the county 
central committee and is an effective worker in 
the party. 

In San Francisco Dr. McNally was united in 
marriage with Miss Annie Sweeney, a lady of 
liberal education and at the time numbered 
among the teachers of the city of the Golden 
Gate. She is a native of County Kildare, Ire- 
land. Two children bless the hearts and home 
of this sterling couple, named respectively, 
Genevieve and John Bryan, Jr. 

Among the hosts of public-spirited, broad- 
minded men who are steadily and surely guiding 
Arizona toward statehood Frank H. Parker, of 
Phoenix, stands in the front ranks. The high 

estimation in which he is held by the general 
public here may be deduced from even a very 
brief review of his career in fact, by the mere 
recapitulation of the important offices to which 
he has been called, and the efficient and painstak- 
ing manner in which he has discharged his 

A son of J. T. and Roxana (Woodruff) 
Parker, our subject is a descendant of Revolu- 
tionary heroes, both families having been well 
represented in that war. Possessing the same 
patriotic spirit, J. T. Parker and four of his 
brothers, and three of the brothers of his wife, 
fought for the Union when it was threatened 
by the Civil war. Some of the Parkers were 
officers in Ohio regiments, and though two re- 
ceived wounds, all survived the terrible conflict. 
J. T. Parker served as a private of the Sixty- 
fifty Ohio Infantry for three years and four 
months, and two of the three sons of Abraham 
Woodruff (father of Mrs. Parker) were killed in 
the war. 

The Parker family was founded in Massachu- 
setts at an early period by three English broth- 
ers. E. C. Parker, father of J. T., and grand- 
father of F. H. Parker, was born in Oswego 
county, N. Y., at the beginning of the nineteenth 
century, and at the age of nineteen went to the 
Western Reserve in Ohio. In Huron county, 
that state, he improved a farm and reared eight 
sons. Abraham Woodruff, likewise a native of 
the Empire state, was a pioneer of western New 
York and later of Ohio. J. T. Parker's birth- 
place was on the old homestead near Peru, 
Huron county, Ohio, and in his early manhood 
he followed the trades of cooper and carpenter. 
His home was in North Fairfield, Ohio, until 
1883, when he went to Vanderbilt, Mich., and 
there was the proprietor of a hotel for four years. 
The last year of his life was spent in Saginaw, 
Mich., where he died in 1888, being survived by 
his widow, and their eight children. He was 
identified with the Grand Army of the Republic 
and with the Christian Church. 

F. H. Parker, the only member of the family 
not living in Michigan, was born in Huron 
county, Ohio, September 17, 1859, and received 
a common and high school education. With 
his father he mastered the cooper's trade but 
never devoted much time to that calling. From 



1880 to 1884 he taught school in Otsego county, 
Mich., after which he was similarly employed in 
Dundee and Ridgeway, Mich. In the last- 
named place he was principal of schools for 
three years, and in the meantime attended the 
Michigan State Normal at Ypsilanti. In his 
senior year he left there in order to come, to 
Arizona, and for a year was assistant principal 
of the Phoenix high school, and then served as 
principal in the Osborne school. 

Having purchased a ranch near Phoenix, Mr. 
Parker commenced farming, making a specialty 
of raising cattle and conducting a dairy. His 
herd contains many high grade and full-blooded 
Shorthorn cattle. The two hundred and forty- 
acre ranch which he owns is finely improved, 
having irrigation facilities and good farm build- 
ings which he has erected. A portion of the 
land adjoins the city limits, and accordingly is 
very valuable. In addition to this, he leases an- 
other tract of eighty acres. 

For a period of four years Mr. Parker was a 
member of the county board of school examin- 
ers, and his interest in the education of the 
young is unabated. In August, 1898, he was 
appointed as a member of the Capitol Grounds & 
Building Commission, and upon the organiza- 
tion of the board was honored by election to the 
secretaryship. Thus constituted one of the most 
active and influential members, he faithfully met 
the varied requirements of his position, and wit- 
nessed a gratifying termination of the enter- 
prise. Since he reached his majority he has 
been an active worker in the Republican party. 
Realizing the all-important matter of water stor- 
age and supply to Arizona, he has joined the 
organization of our representative citizens who 
have banded themselves together for the consid- 
eration of the grave problems presented. A 
member of the special committee on the water 
storage of the Salt River canal, he also is the 
secretary of the general organization. Frater- 
nally he is connected with the Woodmen of the 
World, with the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men and with Phoenix Lodge No. 2, F. & A. M. 

The marriage of Mr. Parker and Miss Edna 
Warren was solemnized in Phoenix. She was 
born in Michigan and is a daughter of D. C. 
Warren, now a citizen of this place. Mr. and 
Mrs. Parker have one son, Warren H. 


One of the most enterprising business men 
of Clifton is the subject of this review. He is 
a native of Salt Lake City, and is in the prime 
of early manhood now in 'his thirty-third year. 
Having received a liberal high school education 
he left home at the age of sixteen, coming direct 
to Graham county, which he has since looked 
upon as his permanent place of abode. 

Settling near Safford, the young man was 
actively engaged in farming for about twelve 
years, also raising and dealing quite extensively 
in cattle. In those lines of pursuit he met with 
gratifying success, and certainly few as young 
in years and experience as he then was often 
are so fortunate, financially. Though he came 
to Clifton six years ago and in the meantime 
has been engaged in business here, he still re- 
tains the ownership of his farm below Thatcher, 
which is a finely irrigated place of sixty acres, 
and this he leases to responsible tenants. For 
some four years after locating in this place he 
was in the employ of a liveryman and at length 
bought the business, which he still conducts. 
With characteristic enterprise he has extended 
his undertakings and now does all of the 
freighting for the Arizona Copper Company, 
carries on a large freighting traffic between 
Clifton and Morenci, and transports the United 
States mail, as well. Thus he has become 
known, far and near, and it may here be said 
that no one in this section of the county is 
more thoroughly relied upon or held in higher 

From the time that he arrived at his majority 
until the present, Mr. Webster has been a strict 
Democratic partisan. However, he is not a poli- 
tician in the sense that he is desirous of public 
office or emolument his extensive business pre- 
cluding such interests. Though tendered place 
among candidates, he has declined the honor, 
and it was merely as a good citizen that he served 
as a road overseer for a period when appointed 
by the supervisors of the county. Five years 
ago the marriage of Mr. Webster and Miss Net- 
tie Price, daughter of Samuel W. and Alice 
Price, of Safford, took place in Clifton. The 
young couple have an attractive home and their 
chief treasure is their little son, Reece, now 
three years of age. 



Few men have done more in the developing 
of mines in southern Arizona than has Hon. 
Alexander McKay, who has devoted most of 
his time for two decades or more to enterprises 
along this line. He has borne his due part in 
all public affairs, and in 1886 was honored by 
election to the Fourteenth general assembly of 
Arizona. In that session he served on different 
committees and abundantly demonstrated the 
wisdom of his Republican party friends in choos- 
ing him as their representative. 


The achievements of Mr. Ganz, mayor of 
Phoenix, and president of the National Bank of 
Arizona, constitute the record of one rarely 
gifted with the ability to take advantage of sur- 
rounding opportunities, and to turn them to the 
best possible account. Coming to the territory 
in 1874, long before the dawn of the recognized 
possibilities of Salt River valley, he has watched 
the awakening of the soil from the stagnant 
sleep of centuries, and the substitution of latter- 
day brawn and ability for a civilization older 
than the memory or records of man. 

Many of the sons of Germany have brought 
their reliable and substantial traits of character 
to this country of overwhelming promise and 
attained to positions of responsibility and trust. 
Mr. Ganz was born in Germany August 18, 1838, 
and during his early years received the excellent 
home training accorded the average German 
youth. He was educated at the public schools in 
his native land until his fourteenth year, when, 
according to the custom in German middle life, 
he was apprenticed out to learn a trade, his 
choice being that of a tailor. At the end of 
the three years of service, he became a journey- 
man tailor, and utilized his calling in the various 
small towns scattered over the country. Of an 
ambitious nature, his desires extended beyond 
the borders of his native land, and in 1858 he 
immigrated to America. For a short time he 
served as journeyman tailor in New York City, 
and continued the same occupation after going 
to Philadelphia. He subsequently carried on a 
tailoring business by himself in Cedartown, Ga., 
and while there attained to some prominence in 

the community, and for a time was postmaster 
of the place. 

During the Civil war Mr. Ganz served with 
distinction in the Confederate army for three 
years and four months. His company par- 
ticipated in the battles of Antietam, Gettysburg, 
Fredericksburg, and at the defense of Rich- 
mond, where there was seven days of fighting. 
Later at the battle of Chantilly, and the second 
battle of Bull Run, besides many minor engage- 
ments. For seven months he was a prisoner in 
the federal prisons at Washington and Elmira. 
When peace was declared, and the cause of the 
Confederacy but a gloomy memory, Mr. Ganz 
went to Quincy, 111., and after a short time re- 
moved to Kansas City, where he engaged in a 
tailoring and gents' furnishing goods business 
for several years. 

In 1872 Mr. Ganz located at Las Animas, 
Colo., and continued his former occupation, and 
in 1874 began his since uninterrupted residence 
in Arizona. Upon first locating in the territory 
he conducted an hotel business at Prescott, and 
successfully managed the Capitol hotel until 
1878. In the latter part of the same year he 
came to Phoenix and for several years was pro- 
prietor of the well known hotel Bank Exchange. 
This hostelry came to grief in 1885, when it 
was the victim of a devastating fire. A later 
venture of Mr. Ganz' was the wholesale liquor 
business, in which he engaged until 1894, when 
he sold his interests to Melzer Bros. In 1895 
he became interested in the National Bank of 
Arizona, at Phoenix, and in the same year was 
elected president of the bank, a position which 
he has since continued to fill. Another avenue 
of interest which is still engaging the attention 
of Mr. Ganz is the insurance business, in which 
he became interested in 1894. At the time he 
represented various fire insurance companies. 

As a stanch member of the Democratic party, 
Mr. Ganz has received many evidences of the 
regard in which he is held by the best political 
element of his locality. He is now serving his 
third term as mayor of Phoenix, and has also 
served for two years in the Phoenix city council. 
While conducting the municipal affairs of the 
city, he has shown a truly commendable 
knowledge of the affairs of his office, and a 
tactful way of adjusting differences and compli- 



cations, which has won for him the confidence 
and admiration of his fellow townsmen. Added 
to a general wide knowledge of men and affairs, 
he has a keen knowledge of human nature, and 
of its workings under favorable and unfavorable 
circumstances. Fraternally he is associated with 
the Masonic order at Phoenix, and is prominent 
in Masonic circles, having attained the thirty- 
second degree. 

Mr. Ganz was united in marriage with Bertha 
Angelman, a native of New York City, and of 
this union are four children, viz: Sylvan C., who 
is a student at the Kentucky Military Institute, 
at Lyndon, Ky.; Julian; Aileen; and Helen, de- 


tn Tucson, where the science of medicine and 
surgery is so numerously and ably represented, 
Dr. Boido holds a conspicuous place in the esti- 
mation of his fellow-townsmen. As a consci- 
entious and painstaking physician, and a suc- 
cessful alleviator of the ills to which human 
nature is heir, he has won the appreciation and 
patronage of a large following. 

A native of Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico, Dr. 
Boido was born June 6, 1871, and is a son of 
Lorenzo and Ruperta (Bazozabal) Boido, born 
respectively in Piedmont, Italy, and in Guaymas, 
Mexico. The paternal grandfather, Lorenzo, 
was born in Italy, where he spent the greater 
part of his life, and where he eventually died. 
His son, Lorenzo, came to Mexico from Italy 
at an early day, and while carrying on an ex- 
tensive mercantile business, became in time a 
capitalist and a prominent man in Sonora. He 
eventually located in San Francisco and died 
there in 1893. His wife, who is of French de- 
scent, is still living in Guaymas, and is the 
mother of five children, of whom Dr. Boido is 
the oldest. 

The educational advantages which fell to the 
lot of Dr. Boido were of the best, and after 
studying at the public schools he was graduated 
from the Santa Clara College, near San Jose, in 
1890, with the degree of Bachelor of Science. 
Following a long thought-out inclination he then 
undertook the study of medicine at the Cooper 
Medical College at San Francisco and was grad- 

uated in the class of 1893. For a time following 
he served as special assistant to Dr. Lane, the 
president of Cooper College, in his private hos- 
pital, and the three years' association with one 
of the best surgeons on the Pacific coast proved 
of incalculable benefit to so conscientious a 
student as Dr. Boido. 

The practice of Dr. Boido took him into sev- 
eral countries and he had the advantages of 
travel and its broadening influence. In 1893 he 
journeyed to Guatemala and Central America, 
and during his five years' practice was also sur- 
geon at the government hospital. In 1898 he 
went to New York in search of further medical 
and surgical knowledge and was graduated from 
the Polyclinic hospital in the following year. In 
the spring of 1899 he located in Benson, Ariz., 
where he was local surgeon for the Southern 
Pacific and the New Mexico & Arizona Railroad 
companies, and in the fall of the same year took 
up his permanent residence in Tucson. 

In Santa Rosa, Cal., Dr. Boido married Rosa 
Goodrich of Navasota, Tex., and a graduate 
of the Methodist Female Seminary at Santa 
Rosa, Cal. Mrs. Boido is also a physician, hav- 
ing graduated from the Cooper Medical College 
in 1895. She is the only registered female 
physician in the territory, and makes a specialty 
of the diseases of women and children. To Dr. 
and Mrs. Boido have been born two children, 
Lorenzo, Jr., and Rosalind. Dr. Boido is a 
member of the Democratic party, but holds lib- 
eral views regarding the politics of the adminis- 
tration. He is a member of the Territorial 
Medical Association. 


A varied assortment of enterprises in the city 
of Tucson have been made to prosper and yield 
abundantly under the capable and resistless 
energy and push of Mr. Ziegler. That he is an 
enthusiast when enumerating the many ad- 
vantages of a residence in this territory is not to 
be wondered at, for he has seen through his own 
indomitable perserverance its possibilities, and 
reaped the best here offered by fortune. 

The first eighteen years of his life were spent 
in Ohio, where he was born in Perry county, 
March 17, 1851. His paternal grandfather was 



also a native of Ohio, and married a Miss 
Snyder, of the same state. N. S. Ziegler, the 
father of P. B., was an Ohio man, and is at 
present living there at the age of eighty-five 
years. During the years of his business life he 
was engaged in the shoe business. His wife, 
Elizabeth (Bugh) Ziegler, claimed Ohio as her 
birthplace, and she was a daughter of Peter 
Bugh, a representative of a very old family, 
some of whom fought during the Revolutionary 
war. They were among the first settlers of Ohio, 
and the family homestead was occupied for over 
a hundred and fifty years by those who bore the 
name. Mrs. Ziegler, who died in 1899 at the age 
of eighty-four years, was the mother of nine 
children, five of whom are living, P. B. being the 
fifth oldest, and the only one in Arizona. Two 
sons, Albert and David, served in the Civil war, 
the former in an Ohio regiment, and the latter 
in the navy, and both have since died. 

Mr. Ziegler was reared in Columbus, Ohio, 
and was educated in the public schools and the 
Ohio State University. When eighteen years of 
age he ventured upon an independent existence, 
and was a brakeman on the Hocking Valley and 
Panhandle railroads. At the age of twenty-three 
he was promoted to the position of engineer, 
his run being between Columbus and Indian- 
apolis. In 1880 he came to Tucson in the employ 
of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, and 
was one of the first engineers here. During his 
service with the company his record was the 
finest on the whole system, and he was thus 
employed until 1899, at which time he retired 
permanently from railroad work. Among the 
many interests which have since taken his time 
and attention is the piano business and the sale 
of musical supplies. He was the agent for the 
Crown piano in Arizona, is himself a practical 
tuner, and understands the construction of most 
musical instruments. As the president of the 
Tucson street railway he has done much to 
facilitate city transportation. The Ziegler race 
track, a half mile in length, is beyond doubt the 
finest in the territory, and one of the fastest in 
the west, and the owner thereof has at times 
been the possessor of such valuable horse flesh 
as Tommy Atkins, who has made a mile in 2:14, 
at the time the fastest in the territory. This well 
known horse, whose demise occurred in July of 

1900, was sincerely missed by all true valuers of 
fine stock and appreciators of speed. As a manu- 
facturer of soda water, Mr. Ziegler has been re- 
markably successful, and like all' of his under- 
takings, his plant is one of the largest in the 
territory. The plant is located on First and 
Ninth streets, and turns out a fine quality of ' 
beverages which are heartily appreciated by the 
residents of the town. In addition he has a large 
candy and ice cream manufactory, which in the 
summer time is run to its full capacity. The 
Ziegler cafe has no superior in the city. 

In Columbus, Ohio, Mr. Ziegler married 
Mary A. Bickel, a native of that place, and of 
this union there are two children; Albert, who 
has charge of the confectionery business, and 
who is fraternally a member of the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks; and Andrew, who has 
charge of the soda works, and who is a member 
of the Knights Templar and the Knights of 
Pythias. Mr. Ziegler is an ardent Republican, 
and though not desirous of political recognition 
has served as a member of the school board. 
While living in Indianapolis he was made a 
Mason, and he is also associated with the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, and the 
club sustained by that organization, and also 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
He was formerly connected with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen and the Red Men. 
He is a member of the Board of Trade. 


Both as a lawyer and member of the Arizona 
bar, and as judge of probate of Pima county, 
the subject of this article is well known to resi- 
dents of Tucson and the entire territory as well. 
He was born at Baxter Springs, Cherokee 
county, Kans., on the 3d of May, 1870, a son of 
Dr. P. B. and Mary Ann (Walden) Purcell, who 
are now living in Tucson. The father was born 
near Elizabethtown, Hardin county, Ky., and 
is now sixty-two years of age. The Purcell 
family, which is of French and Irish extraction, 
was founded in America in 1664 by seven broth- 
ers who landed in Virginia. Their descendants 
are now very numerous in Kentucky, of which 
state our subject's grandfather. James Purcell, 
was a native. Throughout his active business 



life he followed farming, but was living retired at 
the time of his death, which occurred in Mis- 
souri, when he was eighty-nine years of age. 
'Hie father, Dr. P. B. Purcell, is a graduate of 
Pope's Medical College of St. Louis, and for a 
number of years was engaged in the practice of 
his profession in Missouri. During the Civil 
war he served as assistant surgeon in General 
Price's brigade, and being captured in western 
Missouri he was held a prisoner of war at St. 
Louis until the cessation of hostilities. In 1880 
he removed to Denver, Colo., where he engaged 
in practice. His wife is a native of Virginia, 
and belongs to an old and honored family of that 
state. Her parents were John A. and Eliza 
(Clay) Walden, the latter an own cousin of 
Henry Clay. Her father was born in Clay 
county, Va., and died in Saline county, Mo., at 
the age of seventy-six years. Dr. and Mrs. Pur- 
cell are the parents of ten children, six sons and 
four daughters. Of the brothers of our subject 
J. W. is now a practicing physician of Denver; 
Walter B. is a practicing physician of Tucson, 
Ariz. ; Louis A. is a lawyer residing in San Fran- 
cisco, and P. B., Jr., resides at Tucson, Ariz. 

Mr. Purcell, of this review, accompanied his 
parents on their removal to Denver, where he 
attended the public schools, and later engaged 
in the study of law with John W. Helbig and 
Willis B. Herr. With a few other law students 
he organized a class, of which he was president, 
and school was conducted in the University of 
Denver hall. The following year the law depart- 
ment of that university was established. In 
1894 Dr. Purcell and family moved to El Paso, 
Tex., and on the 2ist of May, 1895, located in 
Ysleta, El Paso county. On the i9th of August, 
that year, Sylvester W. was admitted to the bar 
before the supreme court of Texas, and in the 
spring of the following year he was appointed 
justice of the peace in Ysleta. In March, 1896, 
he came to Tucson, and has since successfully 
engaged in general practice at this place. He 
was appointed clerk of the probate court in 
January, 1897, under Judge John S. Wood, and 
at the Democratic convention the following year 
was nominated for the office of probate judge. 
He was elected by a good majority, and assumed 
the duties of that position in January, 1899. So 
acceptably did he fill the office that he was re- 

nominated by acclamation in 1900. When he 
was re-elected probate judge, E. B. Williams, of 
Nogales, was elected on the Republican ticket as 
county superintendent of schools and appointed 
our subject as deputy in charge of the office, the 
duties of which he filled in addition to his office 
of probate judge until Santa Cruz was set aside 
from Pima county, when a new superintendent 
was appointed. Judge Purcell is now attorney 
and financial agent for several large corporations 
doing business in Arizona. He is also interested 
in some fine gold, copper and lead mining prop- 
erties in southern Arizona, and is attorney for 
several mining companies operating in that por- 
tion of the territory. As an attorney he ranks 
among the foremost of Arizona; is a good judge 
of law; and, what is of almost equal importance, 
a good judge of men. He is not only an able 
lawyer, but is a fine business man as well. Thor- 
oughness characterizes all his efforts, and he 
conducts all business with a strict regard to a 
high standard of professional ethics. 

The Judge belongs to several of the secret 
and social societies of Tucson. As a Democrat 
he takes a prominent and influential part in po- 
litical affairs, and has been active in public life 
since attaining his majority. A public-spirited 
citizen, he gives his support to every enterprise 
calculated to prove of public benefit, and is a 
recognized leader in the community in which 
he lives. 


The well known editor and proprietor of the 
"Arizonian," published at Safford, Graham coun- 
ty, is one of the heroes of the late Spanish- Amer- 
ican war. Mustered into the First Territorial 
Infantry at Flagstaff, Ariz., July 9, 1898, he was 
made second lieutenant of Company C, of that 
regiment, though he had previously been captain 
of a company of the Arizona National Guard at 
St. Johns, Apache county, for some five years. 
During his service in the late war he was placed 
in command of Company K, First Territorial 
Regiment, in accordance with the earnest re- 
quest of the regular commander, Capt. Roy V. 
Hoffman, who was absent on sick leave. This 
company, with whom Lieutenant Scott was a 
general favorite, was organized at Shawnee, 



Okla. He was honorably discharged and 
mustered out February 15, 1899, at Albany, Ga. 

A son of John P. and Catherine Scott, the 
subject of this article was born in Washington, 
Pa., in 1853. When young he went to Cadiz, 
Ohio, and there passed much of his boyhood, 
being graduated from the high school. His 
father, who has been a journalist throughout his 
active career, now lives in Joliet, 111., but the 
mother died in 1880. 

From his youth, Walter G. Scott has been 
connected more or less with newspaper work, 
and when barely twenty years of age, in 1873, 
published his first paper at Newcomerstown, 
Ohio. For several years thereafter he was as- 
sociated with many of the leading journals of 
the United States, his home being in Chicago, 
Cincinnati, St. Paul, Detroit and San Francisco 
and other cities during this period. Thus he 
obtained an intimate and practical knowledge of 
the workings of modern journalism and thus is 
abundantly well qualified for his present place, 
that of editor of the "Arizonian." 

In 1886 Mr. Scott came to Arizona and for 
some time lived in Flagstaff, where he was en- 
gaged in newspaper work. During two years 
he was in charge of a daily paper published in 
Prescott, and in the meantime carried out an 
ambitious plan which he had formed -that of 
preparing himself for the legal profession. His 
work along this line was done almost entirely in 
the evenings and under the guidance of E. M. 
Sanford. In 1888 he was admitted to the bar 
before Judge Wright, and going to St. Johns, 
Ariz., made his home there for ten years. In the 
meantime he was honored by election to the 
district attorneyship and to the responsible posi- 
tion of court commissioner, and in the same 
period ran a newspaper, the St. Johns Herald. 
Leaving these many important enterprises, he 
responded to the call of his country when war 
with Spain was declared, and during his service 
his acquaintanceship with Surgeon Lindley led to 
his settlement in Safford. Mr. Scott is an ardent 
Republican and was elected to the public offices 
mentioned above by his party friends. First and 
last, he is a patriotic citizen, seeking to promote 
the welfare of his country and community by 
every power of mind and talent with which 
Heaven has endowed him. 

On the I4th of June, 1888, the marriage of 
Mr. Scott and Mrs. Mary C. McClelland, of St. 
Paul, Minn., was solemnized at Prescott. She 
has one daughter, Miss Jessie F. Scott, a young 
lady of good education and social attainments. 


Arizona contains no exponent of her laws 
more profound and erudite than is Judge 
Fletcher M. Doan, associate justice of the 
supreme court of Arizona, and judge of the 
second judicial district. A native of that state 
which has given our country so many men of 
remarkable attainments, he was born in the 
Scioto valley in Pickaway county, Ohio, in 1846, 
and is a son of John and Maria (MacClellan) 
Doan. On the maternal side he is related to 
General MacClellan, while on the paternal, he 
descends from good old Quaker stock who 
helped to lay the foundation of the public and 
furnished the material for national stability and 
uprightness. His father was born on the 
Schuylkill river in Pennsylvania and in the early 
'205 removed to Ohio, where he lived until 1868. 
His death took place in St. Louis, Mo., in 1886, 
when he was seventy-six years of age. 

Judge Doan received the educational ad- 
vantages found in the high school of Circleville, 
Ohio, from which he was graduated in 1864. 
Later he entered the Ohio Wesleyan University 
at Delaware, Ohio, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1867, and which institution conferred 
upon him the degree of Master of Arts in 1872. 
Having decided to devote his life to the profes- 
sion which represents the only exact science 
known to men, he entered the Albany Law 
School, now the law department of the New 
York State University, and received his diploma 
in 1868. The same year he was granted admis- 
sion to practice before the supreme court of 
New York. Thus equipped for whatever the 
future might have in store, he hastened west- 
ward to Missouri, and the following year was 
admitted to practice in Pike county of that state. 
During his ten years of practice in Pike 
county, he was associated for the greater part 
with Judge Fagg, an influential member of the 
profession in Missouri. A subsequent field of 
effort was St. Louis, Mo., where he remained for 



ten years. He was then induced to come to the 
territory of Arizona, of whose promise, possi- 
bilities and superior climatic conditions he had 
long heard. Upon settling in Yuma county, he 
became interested in the subject of water supply, 
and as a result of his investigations and study 
completed the construction of one water way. 
In 1893 he came to Final county and opened up 
a stock ranch near Arizola, and for one year 
tested his ability as a pusher of the cattle in- 
dustry. In 1894 he was elected district attorney 
of Final county, and to facilitate the duties of 
his office moved his residence to Florence. As 
district attorney he served for one term and part 
of an unexpired term, and subsequently reverted 
to the safe harbor of a lucrative legal practice, 
remote from somewhat uncertain investments 
in water ways and arid lands. 

In June of 1897 Judge Doan was appointed by 
President McKinley associate judge of the su- 
preme court of Arizona, and judge of the second 
judicial district. His district includes the 
counties of Graham, Final, and Gila. His duties 
include holding two terms of district court in 
each county, and two terms of federal court for 
the entire district annually, and also the supreme 
court work in connection with the judges of the 
other districts. 

Judge Doan married Annie Murray in 1873, a 
daughter of Judge S. F. Murray, of Pike county, 
Mo. Of this union there are now living three 
children: John, who is bookkeeper for the 
Fortuna Mining Company, and who was a mem- 
ber of the general assembly from Yuma county 
in 1899; Frank W., who is attending law school 
at the Stanford University, and who is a gradu- 
ate of the Arizona University; and Fletcher M., 
Jr. One son, Leslie M., was accidentally killed 
August 3, 1897, aged seventeen years. Judge 
Doan is a member of the Territorial Bar As- 
sociation, and is fraternally associated with the 
Masonic Order at Florence, and with the Royal 
Arch Chapter, of Pike county, Mo. He is a 
member of the Commandery of Knights Templar 
and of the Shrine in Phoenix, and is the Grand 
Chief Templar for Arizona in the Independent 
Order of Good Templars. The father of Judge 
Doan was for forty years a deacon in the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and the Judge himself is 
actively interested in the same denomination, 

having been a deacon for nearly thirty years. He 
is especially energetic in Sunday-school work, 
and was for years a member of the Sunday- 
school Superintendents' Union, of St. Louis. He 
assisted in organizing the Piasa Sunday-school 
assembly, and purchased the property now used 
by that assembly, holding the same for four 
years, until the church was ready to purchase it. 
In- this territory he has been a splendid influence 
for good, and represents the most excellent and 
worthy citizenship. 


Among the professional men located at 
Jerome none has a more secure place in 
the public estimation than that profound 
student of medical and surgical science, 
Dr. Coleman. Although not one of the early 
residents (having arrived here in October of 
1900), he has nevertheless demonstrated his en- 
tire fitness for the calling which he so creditably 
follows, and which is augmented by graduation 
from one of the first medical colleges in the 
United States, and years of experience in dif- 
ferent parts of the country. 

Dr. Coleman was born in Clarion county, Pa., 
June II, 1865, and received his education in the 
home schools. His first independent venture 
upon the sea of earning his own living was along 
educational lines, in which he engaged until 
1889. Having determined to adopt the profes- 
sion of medicine, he entered the Jefferson Medi- 
cal College, at Philadelphia, from which he was 
graduated in the class of 1893, and thereafter 
practiced in Philadelphia for a few months. In 
Trinidad, Colo., where he subsequently located, 
he engaged in practice for four years, and met 
with a gratifying degree of success. Impelled 
by the prospects in mining in New Mexico, he 
for a time engaged in mining and prospecting 
on the Red river, and from there came to Pres- 
cott in February of 1896. Not being favorably 
impressed with the outlook from this point of the 
territory, he journeyed to Crown King camp, 
and after a short time was busily engaged as 
physician and surgeon for several of the large 
mining companies, among others being the 
Tiger, Big Bell, Buster, Gladiator and several 
others. This numerous-sided responsibility was 



maintained for three and a half years, and ter- 
minated only when the mines closed down. 

In Jerome, Dr. Coleman is engaged in a general 
medical and surgical practice, and in addition is 
medical examiner for the New York Life, Mu- 
tual Life of New York and Pacific Mutual Insur- 
ance companies, as well as several local and 
fraternal organizations. He is a member of the 
Territorial Medical Association, the Yava-pai 
County Medical Society, the Las Animas County 
Medical Society of Colorado, the Jefferson 
County Medical Society of Pennsylvania, and 
the Hare Medical Society of Philadelphia. Fra- 
ternally he is a Mason, and a member of the 
Brookville (Pa.) lodge. 

Mrs. Coleman was formerly Marie Truman, a 
native of Brookville, Pa., and she is the mother 
of one son, Harry. 


Well known as a prominent and influential cit- 
izen of Phoenix, Judge Grouse was born in Owen 
county, Ind., June 25, 1853, and is the oldest in 
a family of eight children. His brother, M. A. 
Grouse, is now principal of the schools at Ben- 
son, Ariz. The Grouse family, which is of Hol- 
land descent, has been well represented in the 
wars of this country. Our subject's paternal 
grandfather, Henry Grouse, who was a planter 
of North Carolina, fought for American inde- 
pendence in the Revolutionary war. The grand- 
father, Winfield Grouse, was a soldier of the war 
of 1812 and participated in the battle of the 
Cowpens. He was born in North Carolina, 
where he continued to make his home until the 
father of our subject, William Crouse, was five 
years old, at which time the family removed to 
Owen county, Ind., locating on a farm near 
Spencer. Indians still inhabited that locality, 
and the land was all wild and unimproved. The 
Judge's father grew to manhood in the Hoosier 
state, and throughout his active business life 
engaged in farming near Spencer, where he died 
in 1888. He was a member of the Fifty-seventh 
Indiana Regiment during the Civil war; was an 
ardent Republican in politics; and a deacon in 
the Baptist Church. In early life he married 
Miss Elizabeth Fiscus, a native of Owen county, 
Tnd., and a representative of an old Virginia 

family. Her father, Rev. John Fiscus, a minis- 
ter of the Church of Jesus Christ, was born in 
North Carolina and at an early day removed to 
Indiana, where he followed farming in connec- 
tion with his pastoral duties. 

Judge Crouse was reared on his father's farm 
in Indiana and attended the public schools of the 
neighborhood. At the age of seventeen he com- 
menced teaching school, and successfully fol- 
lowed that profession for nine years, at the end 
of which time he entered the Indiana State 
Normal at Terre Haute, where he was graduated 
in 1883. Subsequently he was principal of .the 
schools at Harmony and Knightsville, Ind., un- 
til 1889, when he resigned his position at the 
latter place to accept the United States Indian 
agency at Sacaton, Ariz., tendered him by Presi- 
dent Harrison. In 1888 he had served as chair- 
man of the first Harrison league in Indiana, 
organized two months before the St. Paul con- 
vention. In September, 1889, he came to Saca- 
ton to take charge of the Pima, Papago and 
Maricopa Indians, numbering about eight thou- 
sand, and remained in charge there until 1893, 
during which time the main building of the Pima 
agency at Sacaton was burned and rebuilt by the 
Judge, who also established a school with one 
hundred and fifty pupils. He planned the United 
States Industrial Indian school at Phoenix, 
selected the grounds and began the erection of 
the building in 1890. At first he thought Fort 
McDowell would be the best location, but 
finally selected Phoenix as being more prefer- 
able, and with Superintendent Rich of Omaha, 
Neb., selected the grounds. Everything was in 
a flourishing condition when he resigned his 
position at the agency in 1893. 

Judge Crouse then became vice-president and 
assistant cashier of the Mesa City Bank, which 
positions he held until the fall of 1894, when he 
was elected probate judge on the Republican 
ticket. So acceptably did he fill the office that 
he was re-elected in 1896 for another term of 
two years. When he retired from office on the 
ist of January, 1899, he was made principal of 
the Alma schools, and served as such until the 
completion of the year. In 1900 he became 
president of the Phoenix Title, Guaranty and 
Abstract Company, which has the most complete 
abstract books in Maricopa county, made in five 



sets, being the largest in the territory. The 
Judge has been very successful during his resi- 
dence in Arizona, where he now owns several 
ranches, besides two good farms in Owen 
county, Ind. 

In his native county Judge Grouse married 
Miss Lizzie Burger, daughter of Samuel J. 
Burger and who was born there on the same 
day that his birth occurred. They have one son, 
Roswell Emerson. The Judge was made a 
Mason at Knightsville, Ind., also holds 
membership in the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen and at present is Grand Foreman for 
Arizona and New Mexico. He is a member of 
the Board of Trade; in politics an unswerving 
Republican, he has served as a member of the 
county central and executive committees, and 
the territorial central committee. He is a man 
of high intellectuality, broad human sympathies 
and tolerance, and imbued with fine sensibilities 
and clearly defined principles. Honor and in- 
tegrity are synonymous with his name and he 
enjoys the respect, confidence and high regard 
of the people of Arizona. 


Not only have the practically exhaustless 
resources of Yavapai county produced fortunes 
for the seekers after wealth, but the mining and 
other outlets have developed latent ability and 
talent in many of the travelers to this part of 
the country which otherwise would have 
remained dormant and profitless. Though a 
young man to assume so much responsibility, 
Mr. Treadwell, who is deputy United States 
mineral surveyor, and proprietor of the Jerome 
Telephone and Telegraph Company, has found 
in the opportunities afforded near Jerome an 
unlimited field for his particular aptitude. 

Emphatically a western man, having been 
born in San Francisco in 1871, Mr. Treadwell 
has all of the push and enterprise requisite for 
starting and carrying through important and 
growing enterprises. His education was 
received in his native city and in different parts 
of the state of California, and in 1890 he located 
in Nevada county, where his father was super- 
intendent of the Red Hill Mining Company. In 
1892 he came to Prescott and mined and pros- 

pected in the Bradshaw mountains, and at the 
same time made a thorough study of surveying, 
which resulted in 1899 in his appointment as 
deputy United States mineral surveyor at 
Jerome, whither he had removed in 1897. In 
1898 Mr. Treadwell established the Telephone 
and Telegraph Company, a private concern, of 
which he has since been manager. The com- 
pany have about a hundred miles of lines, and 
connect with Wright's system at Prescott, and 
with the different mining camps. One can 
imagine the inestimable benefit and convenience 
of this exceedingly modern and liberal proposi- 
tion, and the widespread appreciation which has 
met Mr. TreadwelFs advanced and practical 
views. Efforts are now being made by him to 
effect a consolidation of all the independent tele- 
phone companies in the territory. 

While following his occupation as surveyor 
Mr. Treadwell also acts as local manager of the 
George A. Treadwell Mining Company and the 
Brookshire Mining Company, besides being 
numerously interested in the general affairs of 
the town and county. He is a member of the 
American Institute of Mining Engineers, and 
is fraternally associated with the Prescott Lodge 
No. 330, B. P. O. E. Mr. Treadwell was mar- 
ried October 31, 1900, to Grace M. Lynch, of 
San Francisco. 


A worthy son of a sterling "forty-niner," Hon. 
Selim M. Franklin was born in San Bernardino, 
Cal., October 19, 1859. He is one of the pio- 
neers of Arizona, his residence in Tucson hav- 
ing extended over nearly a score of years. His 
enterprise and public spirit received recognition 
soon after his settlement here, for in 1884 he 
was elected to the territorial legislature. By 
many he is termed the "father" of the University 
of Arizona, as he introduced and succeeded in 
getting passed the bill providing for this insti- 
tution, which is now one of the notable educa- 
tional factors of the great southwest. In the 
sessions of the general assembly, in 1885, he 
also took a very active part in the work of estab- 
lishing the Arizona Normal School, at Tempe, 
and his interest in both of these colleges has 
never wavered. For eight years he officiated as 



a member of the board of regents of the uni- 
versity, which he had been very instrumental in 
getting located at Tucson. In addition to the 
many other public services performed while a 
member of the commission he assisted in select- 
ing the location of the capitol building at Phoe- 

Turning backward a few pages in the history 
of this honored citizen of Tucson, it may be 
stated that he is one of the two sons of Maurice 
A. and Victoria (Jacobs) Franklin, his brother, 
Abraham, being a member of the firm of Un- 
derwood & Franklin, of Tucson. The latter was 
named for his paternal grandfather, Abraham 
Franklin, who was a native of England, and 
was a prosperous merchant of that realm. Mau- 
rice A. Franklin was born in Manchester, Eng- 
land, and had just reached man's estate when 
the news of the wonderful discoveries of gold in 
far-away California aroused his ambition. That 
year, 1849, he sailed for San Francisco, round- 
ing Cape Horn, and after his arrival at the gold 
fields he devoted several years to mining. In 
1853 he went to San Diego, where he built the 
Franklin House, and carried on the hotel for 
some five years. The remainder of his life, six- 
teen years, was passed in San Bernardino, Cal., 
where he was engaged in the drug business. 
Fraternally he was affiliated with the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows. The wife and 
mother departed this life in the city last men- 
tioned, in 1861. She was a native of Baltimore, 
Md., and was a daughter of Mark I. Jacobs, an 
Englishman, who was a merchant of Baltimore 
for several years, and was similarly occupied 
later in San Bernardino and San Francisco. 

The early education of Selim M. Franklin 
was gained in the public schools of his native 
town, and after pursuing his studies in the San 
Francisco high school he matriculated in the 
University of California, where he was gradu- 
ated in 1882, with the degree of Bachelor of 
Sciences. Then entering the law department of 
the same institution, he remained there for a 
year, and was admitted to the bar in October, 
1883. After some initial work in 1iis profession 
in San Bernardino, he came to Tucson, and since 
that time has been occupied in general prac- 
tice here. For several years he was the city 
attorney of Tucson, and now is the legal adviser 

of many prominent local firms, including the 
Arizona National Bank, the Ray Copper Mines, 
limited; the Mammoth Cyanide Company, and 
L. Zeckendorf & Co. From time to time he has 
invested in real estate in this city, and is gen- 
uinely interested in all industries calculated to 
benefit the place. 

The marriage of Mr. Franklin and Miss Hen- 
rietta Herring, one of the popular young ladies 
of Tucson, was solemnized in 1898. She is a 
native of New York state, and is a daughter of 
Col. William Herring, of Tucson. Mr. and Mrs. 
Franklin have a beautiful home on North Main 
street, and their chief treasure is their little 
daughter, Marjorie. 

In Tucson Lodge, No. 4, F. & A. M., Mr. 
Franklin was initiated into Masonry, and yet 
retains his membership therein. He also is con- 
nected with the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks, and is ex-president of the Territorial Bar 
Association. A popular worker in the Demo- 
cratic party, he has served on the executive 
board of the territorial central committee of the 


"Trie bar of Globe is ably represented by Mr. 
Stoneman, who, as a general practitioner, and as 
the present district attorney, has acquitted him- 
self in a manner creditable to all concerned. To 
a degree Mr. Stoneman inherits a special apti- 
tude for the administration of public affairs, 
some of those who bear the name having been 
representative politicians and prominently iden- 
tified with positions of public confidence. His 
father, Gen. George Stoneman. was a man of 
exceptional attainments and undisputed honor, 
and of high standing in the army. He received 
his military education at West Point, and during 
the Civil war attained the rank of general, sub- 
sequently being placed on the retired list. He is 
in this connection remembered as one of the 
most courageous and efficient of the heroes who 
sustained the cause of the Union. In politics he 
was no less distinguished, and was elected gov- 
ernor of California in 1883. his administration 
being well received, and giving continued evi- 
dence of a superior and well-directed judgment. 
He died in New York in 1894, having returned 




in his declining vitality to the scene of his birth, 
education and brilliant prophetic aspirations. 
His wife, who is still living, Mary O. (Hardisty) 
Stoneman, is the mother of two sons and two 

Though born in Petersburg, Va., May 4, 1868, 
George J. Stoneman was reared in California, 
and received his supplementary education at the 
University of Michigan, from which he was 
graduated in 1889. His first practice was con- 
ducted in Seattle, Wash., and while a resident 
of that city he served as city clerk for two 
years. In 1894 he departed for the Sandwich 
Islands, and practiced for a year in Honolulu. 
The following year he became permanently 
identified with the prosperity and promise of 
this great mining district, at once opening an 
office for a general law practice. He is now the 
legal representative of two prominent mining 
companies. His practice has been successful 
from the start, and in most of the important liti- 
gation occurring in Gila county during his resi- 
dence in Globe he has appeared as counsel. 
Having previously filled an unexpired term as 
district attorney, he was regularly elected to the 
same office on the Democratic ticket November 
6, 1900, for a term of two years. 

In addition to his political and professional 
duties, Mr. Stoneman is interested in mining in 
the Globe district, and anticipates good returns 
from his investments. Fraternally he is a mem- 
ber of the Elks at Globe. 


Probably one of the best informed of the com- 
paratively few who have made a success of the 
cattle business in the far west is Mrs. McNamara. 
At the present time a resident of Tucson, the 
oldest city of European settlement in the west- 
ern hemisphere, she superintends her large 
stock-raising interests and derives therefrom a 
most satisfactory revenue. Associated with the 
far west since 1881, she is familiar with the 
various transitions which have accompanied the 
steady growth of this hitherto supposedly worth- 
less portion of country, and is one of its most 
enthusiastic advocates and sincere supporters. 

As a child Mrs. McNamara lived in Louisville, 
Ky., where she was born in a family of eight 

children. The parents, Edward and Bridget 
(Duffy) Costella, were born in County Mayo, 
Ireland, and brought their four children to 
America about 1836. Mrs. Costella died in 
Kentucky in 1880, and her husband had died 
when Mrs. McNamara was not quite a year old. 
The last-named was reared and educated in the 
vicinity of Louisville and in the Sisters of Provi- 
dence Academy in Madison, Ind., after which 
she came to Tucson in 1881. In this city, Janu- 
ary i, 1882, she was united in marriage with 
Owen Noon, who was born in County Mayo, 
Ireland, and was brought by his parents to 
America when but six months of age. His 
brother, Capt. John Noon, served in the Mex- 
ican war, came to California in 1849, ar >d now 
resides in Nogales, Ariz. Owen Noon went to 
California via Panama in 1852 and engaged in 
mining until 1878; after removing to Tucson, 
he continued in the same occupation. He died 
in Oro P.lanco in 1890. He had one daughter, 
Lilly May Noon, now a student in Cedar Grove 
Academy of the Sisters of Loretto at Louisville, 
Ky. She was born at Oro Blanco and is an 
accomplished and popular young lady. 

At Oro Blanco, in 1892, Mrs. Noon became 
the wife of Martin McNamara, who was born 
in Ireland and in boyhood went to Australia 
with his parents. When twenty years of age 
he left home and crossed the seas to California. 
After engaging for a time in mining, he 
took up his residence in Arizona in the early 
'705, and there mined and engaged in raising 
cattle. Among other interests he established 
the ranch at Warsaw that is still owned by his 
widow. He was also one of the owners of the 
Tresamigo, and had interests in the Nil Des- 
perando group. At his death, in May of 1898, 
his widow succeeded to his many interests, in 
addition to which she has taken up independent 
enterprises, being an unusually successful man- 
ager and financier, and the possessor of valuable 
mining properties. In national politics she is 
a Democrat, but is liberal-minded regarding the 
politics of the administration. With her daugh- 
ter, Lilly, she is connected with the Cathedral 
in Tucson. 

During the Apache war occurred the last 
uprising and raid of the old chieftain, Geronimo. 
April 29, 1886, he made a raid with his band 



into Oro Blanco district and killed Mr. Shana- 
han, a neighbor of Mrs. McNamara. During 
the funeral services, while the men stood around 
them with their guns, ready for the enemy, the 
women sang hymns and saw the body lowered 
to its last resting place. Such a thrilling spec- 
tacle will probably never again be witnessed in 
Arizona. The ranchers for miles around came 
into Oro Blanco and remained there until after 
the Indians were driven out, it being considered 
too hazardous for the whites to remain in 
isolated localities. After the raid, a troop of 
soldiers came and acted as a guard for a month 
or more, until all danger of further molestation 
was past. 


One of the honored pioneers of Arizona, the 
subject of this record has passed his entire ma- 
ture life within its borders. During the thirty- 
four years of his residence here he has expe- 
rienced many vicissitudes common to the lot 
of the frontiersman, and literally "grew up with 
the country," his prosperity increasing as did 
that of the territory. In public positions here, to 
which he has been called frequently, he has been 
dominated by a high regard for the welfare of 
the people, and never has failed in the dis- 
charging of his duties, even in minor affairs. 

This sterling citizen of Prescott comes of a 
family which has distinguished itself in many 
ways. His father, Judge Harley H. Cartter, was 
appointed as associate justice of the supreme 
court of Arizona, presiding over the second dis- 
trict, and acting in that important position trom 
1867 to 1869. Meantime his home was in La 
Paz, on the Colorado river in Arizona, where he 
subsequently carried on the practice of law until 
1870, when he located in Prescott. For one 
term he was president of the territorial council, 
and for many years was a leading member of 
the Masonic fraternity. He came of an old east- 
ern family, some of his ancestors being among 
the early settlers of New England. His brother, 
Judge David K. Cartter, acted as chief justice of 
the District of Columbia under President Lin- 
coln's administration. A great personal friend 
of the great statesman, he was conspicuous in 
the convention which called him to his exalted 

place, for he was chairman of the Ohio delega- 
tion in that notable body. A native of Roches- 
ter, N. Y., Judge H. H. Cartter became a resi- 
dent of Utica, Mich., at an early day, and there 
was engaged in the practice of law, later being 
similarly occupied at Mt. Clemens, same state. 
From 1867 until his death, seven years later, 
he was associated with Arizona. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Jane Louise Scranton, was 
born in Michigan, and also was a representative 
of an old New England family. She departed 
this life in 1865, and is survived by four chil- 

The only member of his family in this ter- 
ritory is he of whom this sketch is penned. He 
was born September 12, 1849, m Utica, Mich., 
and in his boyhood attended the common and 
high schools of Mount Clemens, Mich. In 1867 
he accompanied his father to Arizona, coming 
by the round-about way of New York, Nicara- 
gua, San Francisco, San Pedro and thence 
overland to La Paz. For a period the young 
man was employed as a clerk on the Mohave 
Indian Reservation for George W. Dent, who 
was the. superintendent of Indian affairs in the 
territory. About a year later Mr. Cartter be- 
came a clerk of Gray & Co., of La Paz, and sub- 
sequently entered the government employ as 
wagon-master and distributer of supplies from 
freight trains in southern Arizona, his superior 
officer being General Dandy. For another year 
he played the part of a ferryman, operating the 
old ferry at Ehrenberg, on the Colorado river. 
In the meantime La Paz had been abandoned, 
the former town having taken its place. 

The year that witnessed the judge's arrival to 
majority found him bent upon entering his 
father's profession, and after studying with his 
senior for a period he was admitted to the bar. 
This event occurred in 1873, and he then was 
associated with his father in practice. In 1874 
he was appointed district attorney, and served 
as such for two years. Then, under Sheriff 
Lowry, he was a deputy for four years, and in 
1897 was appointed to act on the board of county 
supervisors, to fill a vacancy. Governor Safford 
honored him by appointing him to the responsi- 
ble office of judge of the probate court and ex- 
orticio superintendent of the public schools of 
Yavapai county. For four years he ably dis- 



charged his duties, and then for a similar period 
was deputy county recorder. That term having 
been finished, he was nominated and elected 
county recorder, and occupied that post for one 
term. In each and all of these important incum- 
bencies he won the approbation of his constitu- 
ents and added to the laurels with which he al- 
ready had been honored. He has been active in 
promoting the welfare of the Democratic party, 
and has received consideration in the delibera- 
tions of that body. 

Though Judge Cartter has made his home in 
Prescott for thirty-one years, he has long owned 
and supervised a fine ranch in Yeager canyon, 
in the Black Hills, twenty miles northeast of this 
city. This property was purchased by him in 
1885, but for some time previous to that he had 
been engaged in the cattle business, his brand 
being "H" and "C" joined together. He also 
has made some investments in mining property. 
Fraternally he is identified with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. 

The marriage of the Judge and Miss S. A. Mil- 
ler, the daughter of Jacob L. Miller, took place 
in this city in 1874. She is a native of Illinois, 
received a liberal education, and today is a fa- 
vorite in local society and is a great worker in 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which she is 
a member. 


In the profession of law, probably more than 
any other, success depends upon individual 
merit, upon a thorough understanding of the 
principles of jurisprudence, a power of keen 
analysis, and the ability to present clearly, con- 
cisely and forcibly the strong points in his 
cause. Possessing these necessary qualifica- 
tions, Mr. Chalmers is accorded a foremost place 
in the ranks of the profession in Maricopa 
county. He has attained distinction as one of 
the able members of the Phoenix bar, and is now 
practicing as a member of the firm of Chalmers 
& Wilkinson. 

He was born in Jamestown, Greene county, 
Ohio, January 13, 1861, and is the only child 
who reached years of maturity in the family of 
Clark and Hattie (Jenkins) Chalmers. On the 
paternal side his ancestors were of Scotch origin 

and among the early settlers of Virginia and 
South Carolina. His great-grandfather, who 
was a planter, was born in the state of South 
Carolina and there both our subject's father and 
grandfather, James Chalmers, were born. The 
latter became one of the pioneer merchants of 
Xenia, Ohio, where he died in 1882. The father 
also followed that occupation in Xenia until the 
Civil war broke out, when he enlisted in 1861 as 
lieutenant in the Seventy-fifth Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry, and died in Camp Chase the same 
year. His wife, who was a native of Jamestown, 
Ohio, passed away in Iowa. Her father, 
Jonathan H. Jenkins, was born in Virginia of 
English ancestry, and at an early day removed to 
Jamestown, Ohio. He was a man of considera- 
ble wealth, who in early life followed the legal 
profession and later engaged in merchandising. 
A strong abolitionist, he became a conductor on 
the "underground railroad," while his home was 
a station on the same, and for the active part 
he took in such affairs he made enemies of the 
southern sympathizers and was mobbed by a 
band of them. His father was a soldier of the 
Revolutionary war. 

Our subject was four years old when his 
mother removed to Albion, Iowa, and he was 
reared at the Soldiers' Home in Cedar Falls, 
that state, until sixteen years of age, when he 
returned to Jamestown, Ohio, and completed 
the course in the high school at that place. In 
1 88 1 he purchased the Waverly, a Republican 
newspaper, of Pike county, Ohio, which he ed- 
ited for two years, and at the same time pur- 
sued the study of law. In the fall of 1883 he 
entered the Cincinnati Law School as a senior 
and was graduated with the degree of LL. B. 
in 1884. He then came west by way of the 
Union Pacific Railroad and located in Phoenix, 
Ariz., where he has since successfully engaged 
in general practice. He is also attorney for the 
Phoenix National Bank and the Cobre Grande 
Copper Company, and is local attorney for the 
Santa Fe, Phoenix & Prescott Railroad Com- 

Mr. Chalmers was married in Phoenix to Miss 
Laura E. Coates, a native of Iowa, and a gradu- 
ate of the Ellis Female Academy of Los An- 
geles, Cal. Her father, George F. Coates, who 
was a member of an Iowa regiment in the Civil 



war, came to Phoenix in 1878, and for some 
lime was engaged in merchandising here, but is 
now a resident of Los Angeles. Our subject and 
his wife have one child, Raima. 

Politically Mr. Chalmers is a stalwart Dem- 
ocrat, and has served as secretary of the county 
central committee. He filled the office of city 
attorney two or three terms, and in 1890 was 
elected to the territorial legislature, serving with 
distinction in the sixteenth general assembly as 
chairman of the judiciary committee, and as a 
member of the corporation and other commit- 
tees. He is a member of the Board of Trade, 
the Maricopa Club and the Territorial Bar As- 
sociation. Socially he is deservedly popular, as 
he is affable and courteous in manner and pos- 
sesses that essential qualification to success in 
public life, that of making friends readily and 
of strengthening the ties of all friendships as 
time advances. 


Associated for the greater part of his life with 
the wild and undeveloped conditions of the ex- 
treme west, Mr. Bollen, manager of the Casa 
Grande end of the Arizona Consolidated Stage 
Line, is more familiar than most with the recent 
and unprecedented growth of Arizona. The 
stage line in which he is interested, and which 
is conducted in connection with a general livery 
business, conveys passengers and mail between 
Florence and Casa Grande, a distance of twenty- 
six miles. The road passes the famous ruins of 
Casa Grande; and at this point the driver al- 
ways stops for a short time to give the travelers 
a chance to inspect the wonderful pile. 

A native of Texas, Mr. Bollen left his home 
state when a mere boy of nine years, and came 
to the Pacific coast, where he lived with and 
was educated by an uncle. During his early 
days he showed a decided predilection for wan- 
dering over the country, and in his tramps took 
in California, Oregon, Montana, and various 
parts of the west. In 1858 he chanced to be in 
British Columbia during the gold excitement on 
the Fraser river, and engaged in freighting with 
a pack train for some time. In all he spent from 
1858 to 1864 in the northwest, after which he 
settled in Virginia City, Nev., where he was in- 

terested in driving and handling stock. In 1873 
he first came to Arizona, and after taking an in- 
ventory of Tucson, Phoenix, and Florence, re- 
turned to the coast, where he remained until 
1877. He then located on a ranch on the San 
Pedro river in Arizona, and conducted a stock- 
ranch, and raised fine horses. In 1890 he re- 
ceived the mail contract for the line between 
Florence and Silver King, a distance of thirty- 
five miles, which contract lasted for four years. 
In 1895 he became interested in the stage line 
running between Florence and Casa Grande, and 
has since been gratifyingly successful in his stage 
and livery business. In this connection he is 
interested in the half-way house on the route 
to Florence, and in all matters pertaining to the 
well being of the locality in which he lives, he is 
a factor for improvement and progress. 

Mr. Bollen is still interested in his cattle ranch 
on the San Pedro river, and from the excellent 
management of the same derives a substantial 
revenue. Like most of the residents living in 
the mining districts, he is to some extent inter- 
ested in mining, but devotes the greater part 
of his time and attention to the stage and livery 
business. During his residence in the territory 
he has won the good will of those who have 
been associated with him in a business or social 
way, and embodies in his general make-up the 
good cheer and hearty fellowship so character- 
istic of those who are reared in the rugged 


A citizen from other shores who has become 
prominent in the growth of the great southwest, 
and particularly of Phoenix, Mr. Blumer was 
born in Canton Glarus, Switzerland, November 
17, 1850. Of the seven children comprising the 
family all are living, and two brothers and one 
sister are in Iowa. The parents, Jacob and Bur- 
gula (Zentner) Blumer, were born in Switzer- 
land, and the mother died in 1882. Jacob Blumer 
was a lieutenant on the side of the Reformed 
party in the war of 1848, and served his country 
with courage and distinction. The parents wen- 
representatives of distinguished Swiss families. 

In his native country Fred L. Blumer received 
an excellent education, as do most of the youth 



of that interesting country. He was educated 
at the University of Wattwyl, in the Canton of 
St. Gall, and as a preliminary toward attaining 
to future financial independence, was employed 
in a large silk factory at Zurich. Later, at Lau- 
sanne, Switzerland, he completed his studies in 
French, and was bookkeeper for a large tobacco 
firm. A later venture was at Schaffhausen, on 
the Rhine, where he engaged as a commercial 
traveller, until the breaking out of the Franco- 
Prussian war, which paralyzed all lines of busi- 
ness. In the hope of bettering his prospects, Mr. 
Blumer crossed the seas to America in 1870, and 
gradually drifted west, and became interested in 
farming in Iowa. He later became a bookkeeper 
for a large grocery firm in Vevay, Ind., and in 
1874 removed to Madison county, Tex., and then 
to Davis county, Iowa, where for seven years he 
engaged in the dairy business with his brother. 
At the same time he carried on large stock-rais- 
ing enterprises. 

Upon removing to Howard county, Neb., Mr. 
Blumer farmed for a year, and then laid out the 
town of Elba, on the Union Pacific Railroad, and 
engaged in the business of loans, real-estate and 
insurance. In Nebraska he attained to consid- 
erable prominence, and was conspicuously iden- 
tified with the affairs of his locality. He was 
recorder of deeds for one term, and in 1886 was 
elected from Howard county to the Nebraska 
state legislature. The occupancy of this posi- 
tion was necessarily interfered with owing to the 
fact that in 1887 he removed to Omaha. Here he 
engaged in the real-estate business, and was 
gratifyingly successful. In 1888 he was elected 
to the city council at large, and served for one 
term. In 1890 he removed to Houston, Tex., 
and bought and sold real estate and country 
lands, and in 1899 located in Phoenix. Novem- 
ber i, 1899, he organized the Arizona Mutual 
Savings and Loan Association, of which he be- 
came manager at the first. The enterprise has a 
capital stock of $10,000,000, and has been on a 
paying and successful basis from the start. It 
is one of the important organizations of the city, 
and has the confidence and approval of the com- 

The marriage of Mr. Blumer and Julia J. Wel- 
ler occurred in Phoenix, in 1900. Mrs. Blumer 
was born in Kansas City. Mr. Blumer is a Re- 

publican in politics, with independent inclina- 
tions. Fraternally he is associated with the 
United Moderns. 


The professional career of Dr. Wightman has 
centered in Pima and throughout the entire Gila 
valley, his practice naturally assuming, with the 
lapse of time, large and constantly increasing 
proportions. A most capable practitioner, and 
one in touch with the best methods employed by 
the followers of Aesculapius in the largest and 
most advanced centers of the world, he is not 
wanting in the appreciation which stimulates 
the best endeavor, nor in that skill in treatment 
and diagnosis which inspires the utmost confi- 
dence in the community. 

At Payson, Utah, where he was born May 7, 
1869, Dr. Wightman received a portion of his 
education, attending Iliff Academy and the Uni- 
versity of Utah in Salt Lake City, later graduat- 
ing from the Northwestern University, Chicago, 
in the class of 1894. His parents were W. C. 
and Lucretia J. (Pepper) Wightman, the former 
born in New York, and the latter in Quincy, 
111. After graduation Dr. Wightman immedi- 
ately availed himself of the promise and possibil- 
ity of the Gila valley, and although having his 
headquarters from the first in Pima, he for a 
year had charge of the county hospital at Solo- 
monville, and at the same time worked up a 
practice through the valley. In 1896 he started, 
in partnership with a brother, H. P., the pioneer 
and only drug store in Pima, and which up to 
the present time has been one of the sound com- 
mercial enterprises of the town. In 1900 the 
doctor withdrew his drug interests and the con- 
cern has since been under control of the younger 
Wightman, who the following year erected the 
substantial brick store and completed a stock 
which has no equal in the valley. 

As an evidence of his abiding faith in the pros- 
pects by which he is surrounded Dr. Wightman 
purchased an adobe house which, upon being 
remodeled and covered .with wood, is an ex- 
ceedingly pretty and comfortable abode, and 
where gracious hospitality is unstintingly dis- 
pensed. The office is located in the residence, 
and is in every way suited to the practice of a 



progressive and up-to-date ameliorator of phys- 
ical woes. An X-ray machine and elctrical and 
compressed-air appliances are among the mod- 
ern and late devices of a scientific nature which 
aid in the search for, and suppression of, ana- 
tomical disorder, and which facilitate the arduous 
duties incident to a practice which extends from 
Safford to Geronimo. He is now making a spe- 
cialty of electro-therapeutics in his practice. 

In 1895 Dr. Wightman married Janie Weecb 
and of this union there are two children, William 
Dewey and an infant daughter, Marval. Mrs. 
Wightman is- a daughter of Hiram and Sarah 
Weech, of Pima. Dr. Wightman has been prom- 
inent in many ways not connected with his pro- 
fession. In politics a Republican, he was elected 
mayor of Pima in 1898, and has been in the 
council for two years. In addition he is examin- 
ing physi'cian for the Mutual Life Insurance 
Company, the Equitable Life, and the New York 
Life, and surgeon for the Gila Valley, Globe 
& Northern Railroad. 


To Mr. Millar is due the credit of establishing 
the pioneer and at the present time largest and 
best conducted funeral directing establishment 
in Tucson. To his special line of effort he brings 
a wide knowledge of the most advanced methods 
employed in different parts of the world. A spe- 
cialty is made of the process of embalming, the 
latter day application of which has taxed the 
ability and resources of thousands, who have 
sought to probe the mystery surrounding the art 
as practiced by those master craftsmen, the 
Egyptians. The show room of Mr. Millar con- 
tains the best handiwork of the cabinet construc- 
tors, and in sufficient variety of taste and material 
to meet a general and varied demand. The busi- 
ness is conducted at 18 South Church street, and 
was first instituted in 1891, Mr. Millar having 
previously managed a like concern for the Sam- 
uel Baird Company. 

A native of New Brunswick, Mr. Millar was 
born in 1854, and is a son of James and Helen 
(Creighton) Millar, who were born in Scotland, 
and emigrated to New Brunswick at a compara- 
tively early day. In anticipation of future ne- 
cessity he learned the carpenter and builder 

trade, and in 1875 removed to Massachusetts, 
and worked at his trade in Boston and Salem. 
In 1879 he located for two years in Chicago, 111., 
and in 1881 settled in Tucson, and for ten years 
was in the employ of the Southern Pacific Rail- 
road Company. 

Among the other interests which claim the 
attention of Mr. Millar is his position of vice- 
president and treasurer of the Amole Soap and 
Extract Company, the original manufacturer of 
toilet articles from the Amole plant. A tooth 
paste made from the plant, and a hair shampoo, 
are said by those who have tested their effi- 
ciency to be unrivalled accessories of the toilet. 
As a stanch Republican Mr. Millar is interested 
in all of the undertakings of his party, and has 
served for two terms as secretary of the county 
central committee, and for four years as coun- 
cilman. Fraternally he is associated with the 
Knights of Pythias and with the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. 

In Tucson, February 4, 1885, Mr. Millar was 
united in marriage with Maggie Reid, who was 
born in Canada, and a daughter of Robert Reid, 
a native of Scotland, who was for many years 
superintendent of the Eagle flour mills in Tuc- 
son. To Mr. and Mrs. Millar have been born 
two sons, Leslie Creighton and Edward Burk- 


The commercial prosperity of Benson has been 
materially augmented by the praiseworthy and 
enterprising efforts of Mr. Maier, who has con- 
ducted a large general merchandise store in this 
place since 1899. Gifted with the sturdy perse- 
verance and thrift which characterizes the un- 
dertakings of most of the sons of Germany, he 
has found an ample field in this growing town, 
and has made the most of the chances that came 
his way. A native of Bavaria, he was born April 
8, 1869, and is a son of Hirsch and Fannie 
(Raiss) Maier, who are still living in Bavaria. 
In the family was one other son and one daugh- 
ter, Leopold and Jetta, who are both in America, 
the former in Los Angeles, Cal., and the latter in 

In his native land Mr. Maier received the sub- 
stantial home training and common school edu- 



cation which falls to the lot of the average Ger- 
man youth, and was well fitted to battle with 
the vicissitudes of life. When grown to man- 
hood he longed for larger fields in which to fight 
the battle of independence, and immigrated to 
the United States in 1886, settling in Norwalk, 
Los Angeles county, Cal. There he was em- 
ployed for eight years as a clerk in a general 
merchandise establishment, and later removed 
to Riverside county, Cal., where he started a 
like enterprise on his own responsibility. A 
liberal amount of success attended his venture, 
and in 1899 he came to Benson in the hope of 
still further encouragement. Mr. Maier keeps 
an up-to-date and complete store, and his goods 
are arranged with an eye to neatness and general 
accommodation, and the genial manager and 
proprietor presides at the head of affairs in a 
truly tactful and pleasing manner. He keeps in 
touch with the popular demand, and is possessed 
of a sincere desire to please. 

In 1894 Mr. Maier married Frida Fichtelber- 
ger, of Bavaria, Germany, and of this union 
there is one son, Louis, who was born at Rincon, 
Riverside county, Cal., and is now four years old. 
In politics Mr. Maier is a Republican, but enter- 
tains liberal views regarding the politics of the 
administration, and believes in voting for the 
man best qualified to fill the position. Frater- 
nally he is associated with the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, in Riverside, Cal., with 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and 
with the K. O. D. M. of Norwalk, Cal. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Maier are of the Jewish faith. 


Although, practically speaking, a young man, 
having been born in Kansas City, Mo., March 
24, 1872, Mr. Williams is gifted with the traits 
of character and attainment which constitute 
good citizenship, and as county recorder of Gila 
county he has demonstrated his fitness for the 
administration of public affairs. The father of 
Mr. Williams, John J., is a native of Ireland, 
and was born in Dublin. His association with 
Kansas City began after the war, and he later 
removed to Minneapolis when his son was but 
a youth. His wife, Dollie (Lucas) Williams, was 
born in Texas. 

In Minneapolis, Minn., R. J. Williams re- 
ceived his education in the public schools, and 
also acquired considerable knowledge of general 
business methods. He came to Arizona in 1890, 
settling first at Clifton, Graham county, and in 
association with his father engaged in mining for 
a year. A later venture was at Jerome, where 
he mined and worked in a smelter. January 17, 

1897, he located in Globe, and November 8, 

1898, was elected county recorder. November 
6, 1900, he was re-elected, leading his ticket in 
this county, and having a majority of ten more 
than any other man on the ticket. 

Although a stanch Democrat, Mr. Williams is 
liberal-minded as to principles and issues, and 
is credited with giving the people an absolutely 
impartial administration. He is fraternally asso- 
ciated with the Knights of Pythias, the Elks, and 
the United Moderns, at Globe, and is a member 
of the Western Federation of Miners. 

Ever since coming to the territory Mr. Wil- 
liams has been interested in mining and now 
has some valuable copper properties in the 
Globe district. In January, 1901, he was elected 
a member of the executive committee for Ari- 
zona of the Southwest-International Miners' 
Association, of which Hon. Miguel Ahumada, 
governor of Chihuahua, Mexico, is honorary 


This farmer and dairyman, residing five miles 
southeast of Tempe, came to the territory in 
1882, and has since put forth his best efforts for 
the improvement of his adopted locality. 

Mr. Johnson is a native of Utah county, Utah, 
and was born January 20, 1853. His parents, 
Benjamin F. and Harriet N. (Holman) Johnson, 
are now living in Maricopa county, and have 
reached the advanced age of eighty and seventy 
years, respectively. Their son was reared in his 
native county, and was educated in the private 
schools of his state. He subsequently acquired 
considerable business experience, and has gained 
much from practical observation and reading. 
He was married in Utah, March 15, 1875, with 
Rebecca Stevens, a native of Utah, and of this 
union there have been nine children (eight of 
whom are living): Benjamin F., Joseph A., Re- 



becca E., Harriet E., Emma G., James W., Abbie 
M., Walter E., and Rose L. 

For several years after his marriage Mr. John- 
son lived in Utah with his family, and in 1882 
migrated from that state to Arizona, and settled 
at Tempe. Here he lived until 1887, when he 
settled on his ranch, which has since been the 
object of his care. Under his wise and careful 
management the crude land has been made to 
produce in a paying manner, and, added to the 
revenue derived from general farming and stock- 
raising, a large dairying industry contributes a 
large yearly allowance. In this connection Mr. 
Johnson derives considerable prestige and as- 
sistance from his association with Tempe-Mesa 
Produce Company, of which he has been a direc- 
tor from the time of its incorporation. 

In national politics Mr. Johnson is independ- 
ent, and believes in voting for the best man. At 
the present time he is serving as councilor to 
the bishop of the Nephi ward of the Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at Nephi. 
He is an industrious and painstaking citizen, and 
has done much towards the development of his 


A native of Huntsville, Butler county, Ky., 
born in 1872, the subject of this article is a son 
of Dr. Alexander and Catherine (Clark) Hunt. 
Both were likewise Kentuckians by birth, and 
John Hunt, grandfather of A. C., was a native 
of one of the Carolinas. A great-grandfather 
a Mr. Owsley was a hero in the war of the 
American Revolution, and Major Owsley, fourth 
son of William Owsley, and a fourth cousin of 
Mrs. Catherine Hunt, raised a company which 
was with Jackson at the battle of New Orleans. 

The first seventeen years in the life of Alex- 
ander Hunt of this sketch were passed in the 
Blue Grass state. In 1889 he came direct to 
Arizona and, being pleased with the Gila valley, 
took up his abode here. For some time he was 
employed as a clerk by President Layton and 
also was similarly occupied at Willcox, with the 
firm of John H. Norton & Co., and for a 
period lived at Geronimo. 

In November, 1899, tne nrm f Claridge & 
Hunt was organized, and the lumber business 

was engaged in at Thatcher. The partners also 
conduct a general mercantile store, and in April, 
1901, moved into new quarters in a substantial 
brick building, 30x65 feet in dimensions, and 
two stories and basement in height. This struc- 
ture was specially built for the large and growing 
business of the firm, and their old location is 
used for the storage of sash and doors and build- 
ing material, for their lumber business also is 
prospering. For several years Mr. Hunt was 
interested in the running of a saw-mill and in 
the meantime built a number of cottages and 
residences in Thatcher, Pima and Fort Thomas. 
Many of these he yet owns, leasing them to re- 
sponsible tenants. His partner has been the 
postmaster of Thatcher since August, 1898. In 
his own political creed Mr. Hunt is a Repub- 
lican, but he has not been an aspirant to public 
positions, as his business affairs require all of his 
time. He stands high in the estimation of all 
who know him, and has manifested unusual 
commercial ability in one of his years. 


The popular and widely known merchant and 
deputy postmaster at Glendale is a native of 
Shelby county, Mo., and was born December 22, 
1861. His parents, Bowles and Lucinda S. 
(Dawson) Hawkins, natives of Missouri, were in- 
dustrious and enterprising agriculturists during 
the years of their activity. On the paternal and 
maternal sides the grandfathers came from Ken- 
tucky, and both chanced to settle in Missouri. 
They were prominent members of the county in 
which they lived, and were liberal, broad-minded 

On his father's farm in Shelby county Eugene 
T. was reared to a general knowledge of farming, 
and received a fair education in the public 
schools of his county. He was an ambitious 
lad, and longed for broad fields in which to exer- 
cise his ability, and for opportunities beyond 
those afforded by a continued residence in Mis- 
souri. He naturally turned his attention to the 
far west, and in 1885 came to Arizona, and set- 
tled in the Salt River valley. The choice of loca- 
tion has proved to be a wise one, for success 
has attended his efforts, and he is widely known 
for his enterprise and devotion to the general 



cause. At first he settled on a farm fourteen 
miles northwest of Phoenix, and engaged in 
farming and stock-raising for a number of years. 
At the present time he is the possessor of a one 
hundred and sixty acre ranch in the valley. In 
the fall of 1897 he came to Glendale, and in Oc- 
tober of the following year engaged in the gen- 
eral merchandise business, in" which he has since 
been successfully interested. 

The marriage of Mr. Hawkins and Sophia E. 
Lutgerding, daughter of Henry Lutgerding, of 
the Salt River valley, occurred in Maricopa coun- 
ty. Of this union there are five children, viz.: 
Lena E., Errol T., Ruby L., Henry H., and Imo- 
gene. Fraternally Mr. Hawkins is associated 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
He has contributed largely towards the growth 
of this wonderful valley of promise, and is in 
touch with the various enterprises for its up- 
building and development. As a purveyor of 
general merchandise he receives the patronage 
and appreciation of a large part of the com- 
munity, and is generally approved for his reliable 
and conscientious business methods. He car- 
ries an excellent stock of goods, and is possessed 
of a kindly desire to please, and a tactful way of 
handling whatever complications may arise. 


Charles Bent, one of the well-known and suc- 
cessful pioneer miners of Arizona, and the dis- 
coverer of some of .the most valuable and paying 
properties in the territory, was born in Philadel- 
phia, Pa., December 10, 1845. His father, John 
Kent, was born in Scotland, and upon coming 
to the United States settled in Philadelphia, 
where he subsequently died. His wife, who 
was before her marriage . Eliza Yeager, came of 
an old Pennsylvania family, and was born in 
Philadelphia. She was the mother of seven 
children, of whom Charles is the only one living. 

The youth of Mr. Bent was spent in Phila- 
delphia, where he received the education of the 
public schools. In 1869 he went to Kansas, 
afterward engaging in mining in New Mexico, 
and was interested in the cattle business and 
mining in Arizona. In 1872 he located in Tuc- 
son, and for two years was employed as super- 
intendent by Don Sanford, a large cattle man 

of the locality. Subsequently he became inter- 
ested in mining in the Santa Ritas and Wau- 
chukas, and for a time was engaged in the cat- 
tle business on his ranch at Arivaca. While 
there he helped to defeat the Arivaca land grant. 

While prospecting in different parts of the 
territory Mr. Bent located a number of impor- 
tant claims, but perhaps his greatest undertak- 
ing in this direction is the finding of the claims 
now owned by Bent & Sampson in Pima 
county, fifty-seven miles west of Tucson. This 
contains the wolfram ore used for hardening 
steel, armor plate and projectiles. 

The discovery was made twenty-five years 
ago, but the ore remained untested until 1895, 
when it was found to contain iron, manganese 
and tungsten or wolfram ore, to an extent which 
constitutes the finest deposits in the world. 
These mines are now being worked and promise 
large returns for the fortunate owners. Mr. 
Bent is also engaged in buying and selling mines, 
and owns besides his other interests mining 
properties in southern Arizona, and he has also a 
good iron and copper 'mine in the Tucson moun- 

In Pima county Mr. Bent was united in mar- 
riage with Margaret Crillo, who was born in So- 
nora, Mexico, and a daughter of Ramone Crillo. 
Of this union there are eight children Charles 
E., Mildred, Maggie, Mabel, Blanche, Katie, 
Adalie and Annie. Mr. Bent is a Republican of 
the most pronounced dye, and at different times 
has served as county commissioner, and been 
a delegate to county conventions. He is one of 
the representative miners and prosperous citi- 
zens of the territory, and is esteemed by all who 
know him. 


The early history of the postmaster and mer- 
chant of Tempe is eventful only in its forceful 
forging to the front, and in the evinced studied 
determination to take advantage of all available 
opportunities. The family of which Mr. Hod- 
nett is a member is of original French extraction, 
and one of the ancestors, Jerald by name, was 
a scion of the house of Leinster. The latter-day 
descendants emigrated to Ireland, and here the 
parents of J. J. Hodnett, Richard and Catherine 



(McCarthy) Hodnett, were born. They event- 
ually immigrated to the United States and set- 
tled in Mansfield, Ohio, where their son, John 
J., was born June 4, 1859. He received an ex- 
cellent home training, and developed an early 
ambition along the lines of educational work, 
for which he was admirably fitted by close ap- 
plication at the public schools and the high 
school at Mansfield. Subsequent training was 
received at Poydras College, Point Coupee Par- 
ish, La., from which he was graduated in 1879. 
After teaching school for a short time, an occu- 
pation in which he had engaged somewhat dur- 
ing his college life, he was for two years a 
correspondent for the New Orleans Times- 
Democrat, and during that time wrote a series 
of articles on Mexico. For a time also he held 
the responsible position of bookkeeper and pay- 
master for the International Construction Com- 
pany of Mexico. 

With wise discernment Mr. Hodnett decided 
in favor of a permanent residence in the far west, 
and upon first locating in Arizona engaged in 
real estate in Phoenix for a short time. A worth 
while opportunity presented itself when he was 
employed as conductor of the construction train 
of the Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad, and the 
honor was accorded him of bringing the first 
train into Phoenix July 4, 1887. For the follow- 
ing five years he continued in the employ of this 
same railroad, his efforts extending in various 
capacities with equally satisfactory results. In 
1895 he removed to Tempe, and started the mer- 
cantile business which has since commanded the 
greater part of his time and attention. In addi- 
tion to the various responsibilities which fall to 
his lot that of postmaster of Tempe is by no 
means the least important, the position having 
been accorded him November I, 1897, by Presi- 
dent McKinley. 

Mrs. Hodnett was formerly Sophia Carr, a na- 
tive of Louisiana, and daughter of John Carr of 
that state, and her marriage with Mr. Hodnett 
occurred January 9, 1893. Of this union there 
are two children. Geraldine and Mary Erena. In 
all of the issues and undertakings of the Repub- 
lican party Mr. Hodnett has ever shown a vital 
interest, and has held many local positions of 
prominence in the localities in which he has 
lived. Fraternally he is associated with the 

Ancient Order of United Workmen, the 
Woodmen of the World and the United 
Moderns, at Tempe. His many excellent traits 
of citizenship have endeared him to a large part 
of the community, and his fidelity to public trust 
is absolute and unquestioned. In the changes 
that have astonished the dwellers of surrounding 
sister states and territories he has borne an im- 
portant part, and is one of the most enthusiastic 
of the many who have come out of the east and 
substantiated a really great faith in their sur- 


Safford numbers among its prized and enter- 
prising citizens C. T. Reynolds, who, as a suc- 
cessful merchant, has contributed not a little to 
the general stability of the town. A native of 
Meadville, Crawford county, Pa., he was born 
December 7, 1864, and is a son of E. A. and 
Catherine Reynolds, who were born in Pennsyl- 
vania. During a youth spent in his native town 
he acquired the education of the public schools, 
and was graduated from the Meadville Commer- 
cial College. He early displayed an indepen- 
dence and youthful ambition which in 1885 found 
vent in a trip to Kansas, where he spent a year 
and a half in the western part of the state. In 
1886 he came to Arizona, and for a year was 
employed by the Eureka Springs Stock Com- 
pany, after which he went into the stock business 
in partnership with Mike Oh.1, at Fort Thomas, 
and at the end of two years bought out his part- 
ner and continued the business on his own re- 
sponsibility. Three years ago he began gradu- 
ally to dispose of his stock, although at the pres- 
ent time he still owns the ranch on which he 
conducted his stock business. 

July 9, 1900, Mr. Reynolds purchased a half 
interest in the firm of Jeter & Son, owning his 
share of the lot, building and stock, and is now 
interested in the successful' outcome of their 
large general mercantile enterprise, doing busi- 
ness under the firm name of Jeter & Reynolds. 
The firm carry a complete line of general sup- 
plies, which they aim to dispose of to customers 
at the lowest possible figure consistent with the 
success of their business. They have a merited 
large trade, and are known for their correct and 



reliable business methods. In addition to his 
other possessions in and around Safford Mr. 
Reynolds owns one hundred and sixty acres of 
land five miles this side of Fort Thomas, which 
is well improved, and fenced, and irrigated. This 
land is rented out to good advantage, thus re- 
lieving the owner of an extra and arduous re- 
sponsibility. In politics Mr. Reynolds is a Dem- 
ocrat, and is a strict party man when the candi- 
dates are up to the standard and true to the best 
principles of their party. At Willcox he became 
associated with the Masons, and belongs to the 
Safford Blue Lodge, recently organized, also to 
the chapter and commandery at Tucson and El 
Zaribah Temple at Phoenix. 


Flagstaff, famous in the annals of mining and 
adventurers well supplied with modern commod- 
ities, and readily keeps pace with some of its 
larger and older sisters in the territory in the 
matter of general advancement and progress. 
Among the well-conducted and well-patronized 
enterprises which have come into being at the 
call of an ever-increasing population and conse- 
quent demand is the gents' furnishing establish- 
ment managed by the firm of Pulliam & Vail. 
The junior member of the firm, Mr. Vail, has 
other interests which engage the greater part of 
his attention, but T. E. Pulliam, under whose 
personal supervision the business is conducted, 
gives his entire time to the same. He stands 
high in the public regard, and has held, besides 
his excellent commercial position, the political 
offices of recorder and supervisor of Coconino 

The early training, education, and first busi- 
ness experience of Mr. Pulliam were acquired at 
Fort Smith, Ark., where he was born in 1861. 
His departure from the home circle occurred in 
1877, when he removed to Pueblo, Colo., remain- 
ing for three years, and later settling at Eureka 
Springs, Carroll county, Ark., where he resided 
seven years. In 1887 he came further west and 
after a short sojourn in Los Angeles, Cal., set- 
tled permanently in Flagstaff in May of 1889. 
For the following two years he was employed 
with the Arizona Lumber & Timber Company, 
and in 1900 became a member of the firm of 

Pulliam & Vail, which enterprise has experi- 
enced an era of uninterrupted success. 

As a stanch member of the Democratic party- 
Mr. Pulliam became much interested in the local 
and territorial affairs of his adopted locality, and 
in 1895 was elected recorder of Coconino coun- 
ty, and re-elected in 1897, holding the office for 
four years. In November of 1900 he was elected 
a member of the board of county supervisors, to 
serve for two years, and has otherwise been iden- 
tified with the offices within the gift of the peo- 
ple. Fraternally he is a member and past master 
of the Flagstaff Lodge No. 7, F. & A. M. 

The firm of Pulliam & Vail carries a full line 
of gents' furnishings, including boots, shoes and 
hats, and everything is selected with an eye to 
satisfying the tastes and requirements of its 
numerous patrons. The store is modern, and 
well adapted to the carrying on of the business, 
the commercial integrity observed being well 
understood and unfailing in its application. 


The beautiful little town known as North Clif- 
ton has no more energetic and public-spirited 
citizen than he of whom the following lines are 
penned. At the time of his location here, four- 
teen years ago, much of this property was a wil- 
derness of brushwood and swamps, and today 
pretty cottages and more pretentious residences 
are to be seen upon every side, embowered in the 
grateful shade of fine trees and foliage, while 
thriving gardens and orchards also attest to the 
industry and good sense of the population. One 
of the foremost movers in this redemption of 
this once barren waste was our subject a man 
of sagacity and enterprise. 

W. F. Hagan was born near Independence, 
Mo., fifty-two years ago, and passed twelve years 
of his life in Jackson and Bates counties. Then 
with his parents he removed to Kansas, where 
they dwelt during the troublous war period, and 
later returned to his native state, where he spent 
several years more. During the Civil war he 
served a year and five months with the Eleventh 
Kansas Cavalry in Kansas and Missouri. After 
the war he went to Colorado and engaged in 
mining and prospecting, and for twelve years 
was thus occupied in the Centennial state. The 

2 5 8 


reputed mineral wealth of Mexico at last at- 
tracted him within the borders of that republic, 
but in a short time he came to Arizona in the 
interests of the mining concern of McCutchin, 
Payne & Co. During the next four years he paid 
considerable attention to mining and also com- 
menced dealing in cattle. About eight years ago 
he had his parents come to this mild climate, 
buying a snug little farm, and later building a 
house in town for them. Here the father, Louis 
Hagan, died, November 28, 1900, at the ad- 
vanced age of seventy-eight years. The mother, 
Mrs. Sarah Hagan, died six days later. 

In July, 1891, W. F. Hagan opened his recent 
place of business in North Clifton and carried a 
large stock of general supplies up to the time of 
his selling out, February 25, 1901. He dealt in 
goods both in wholesale and retail quantities, and 
made a specialty of fitting out mining camps 
and miners and ranchmen. He gave employ- 
ment to four clerks in his store. From his ar- 
rival in this territory he was engaged in the cat- 
tle business, in connection with his other enter- 
prises, and all of his undertakings have been 
crowned with success, as he richly deserves. 

One of the qualities for which Mr. Hagan is 
noted, far and wide, is his liberality. Many an 
industry and public improvement here has been 
fostered and helped, financially and otherwise, 
by him, and besides this, it is well known that 
many a poor miner, "down on his luck" and al- 
most disheartened, has been placed on his feet 
and tided over the hours of despair by the timely 
assistance and hearty sympathy extended to him 
by Mr. Hagan. Many such an unfortunate, now 
perhaps wealthy and happy, looks upon our sub- 
ject as his benefactor, and certainly is a true and 
life-long friend. Popular with all, he has been 
nominated for public office more than once, but, 
as the Republican party his choice is in a de- 
cided minority in Graham county, of course has 
not been elected. However, when in Colorado, 
he occupied offices of responsibility and trust, 
and never has relaxed in his effective work for 
his party, toward whose success he has always 
been a liberal contributor. Ever since coming 
to this county he has served on the central com- 
mittee and spares no effort in furthering the in- 
terests of his friends. 

Mr. Hagan was married to Jennie Battendorf, 

a native of Iowa, December 25, 1878. They are 
the parents of two children: Alvin, engaged in 
business in FJ Paso, and Lee, at home. Mr. 
Hagan is now about to sail for Honolulu for the 
benefit of his health. 


During the twenty-three years of his residence 
in the Salt River valley, Mr. Sears has wrought 
wonderful changes in the eighty acres of land 
which he secured from the government in 1878. 
From a desolate and unpromising desert, the 
latent qualities of the soil have been induced to 
respond to the solicitations and untiring efforts 
of this enthusiastic pioneer, who is now one of 
the most successful stock raisers in Maricopa 

In Jackson county, Mo., Mr. Sears was born, 
October 26, 1843. His parents, Nathan and 
Nancy (Mills) Sears, were natives of Kentucky, 
and were capable and industrious tillers of the 
soil. When he was but a child the family re- 
moved from Jackson county to Bates county, 
Mo., and there he was reared to years of discre- 
tion, amid the usual influences that surround the 
average farmer's son. In time he also became a 
master of the details of farming, and at the dis- 
trict schools acquired such limited education as 
was procurable in the early days in Bates county. 
In later life this education was supplemented by 
the observations of an inquiring mind, and of re- 
search in business and other directions. 

The tranquillity of an uneventful youth was 
interrupted after his removal to Texas in his 
eighteenth year, when he was conscripted into 
the Confederate service, and for three years 
courageously fought for a practically lost cause. 
As a member of Company K, Colonel Gordon's 
regiment, and later under Generals Price and 
Shelby, he took part in several of the important 
battles of the war, and in many minor skir- 
mishes, spending the majority of his time in the 
middle south. 

With the restoration of peace Mr. Sears re- 
turned to Texas, whither his family had, in the 
meantime, removed, and very shortly the various 
members migrated to California. An eventful 
journey confronted these searchers after im- 
proved conditions, and many interesting inci- 



dents relieved the monotony of a tramp across 
the plains in a train of emigrants. Their goods 
and chattels were moved thither by means of ox- 
teams and wagons, and the journey consumed 
the greater part of six months. Upon arriving at 
the end of their travels, they found themselves 
at El Monte, Los Angeles county, Cal., and after 
remaining for a short time removed to Anaheim, 
Orange county, of the same state. Here the 
paths of J. M. Sears and his parents were for the 
time divided, the latter, after a number of years, 
removing to Arizona, where was terminated 
their long and useful existence. The son drifted 
into two different counties in California for sev- 
eral years, and then returned to Texas for a short 
time, subsequently again reaching California by 
way of San Francisco. Until 1878 he lived in 
Los Angeles county, at which time he settled in 
the Salt River valley, which has since been the 
scene of most gratifying results of well applied 

February 15, 1861, Mr. Sears was united in 
marriage to Mary Smith, a native of Missouri, 
and sister to George Smith, a resident of the 
vicinity of Phoenix. Of this union there are three 
children: Perry, George, and Ella, who is the 
wife of Harry Kay. In national politics Mr. 
Sears is a firm adherent of Democratic principles, 
and has served for several years as a trustee of the 
school district in which he resides. Mrs. Sears 
is an ardent worker in the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and an acquisition to the social and in- 
tellectual life of Mariposa county. With her hus- 
band she shares the honors of being one of the 
very early and enthusiastic pioneers, and with 
him has endured the trials and vicissitudes inci- 
dent to life in all new and undeveloped locali- 


The Bank of Globe is a monument to the fine 
spirit of commercialism possessed by its presi- 
dent, J. N. Porter. A model institution in every 
way, occupying one of the most prominent cor- 
ners in the town, with a lot 50x135, the fine 
building with its appropriate and tasteful fur- 
nishings and its general prevailing air of finan- 
cial success, was erected by Mr. Porter, who. 
with W. F. Holt, now of Redlands, Cal., organ- 

ized the bank in May of 1900, with a capital 
stock of $25,000. Previous to this undertaking 
he had organized the Bank of Safford in April, 
1899, and he still continues as president of that 

Before becoming a banker, Mr. Porter led 
an interesting and eventful life, principally in 
the south and west. A native of Gray son 
county. Tex., he was born December 20, 1853, 
and his early education and training were 
received in that great southern state. From 
his nineteenth year he became self-supporting, 
and at first engaged in the general merchandise 
and cattle business at Kimball, Bosque county, 
Tex., with which vicinity he was prominently 
identified for nine years. Nor has his absence 
from his native state materially lessened his 
interests within its boundaries, for at the present 
time he is the possessor of large holdings there, 
and is a stockholder in the Citizens National 
Bank of Hillsboro, Hill county, Tex., and the 
First National Bank of Meridian, Bosque 
county, that state. 

On leaving Hill county in 1884, Mr. Porter 
took with him a herd of cattle which he had 
accumulated, and these he drove west into 
Arizona, settling in Cochise county. Four years 
later he drove the cattle, which were known as 
the Flying X and the Pitchfork herds, into 
Graham county, where his efforts at buying, 
selling and raising cattle met with gratifying 
success. Before railroads were built in this sec- 
tion of Arizona he owned and operated stage 
lines and carried express and United States mail 
for several years in this country. He also 
became interested in the general merchandise 
business, and for several years conducted stores 
at Fort Thomas and Geronimo, which enter- 
prises were succeeded by his banking business 
in Safford and Globe. His real-estate holdings, 
not only in Texas, but in Saflford, Globe and 
other parts of Arizona, make him one of the 
largest property and land owners in his town. 

For the past twelve or fifteen years Mr. Por- 
ter has engaged in contracting with the United 
States government for beef supplies for various 
forts and Indian agencies, and this business he 
conducts upon an extensive scale. He is still 
engaged in the cattle business. In politics he 
was born and bred a Democrat, but being a 



stanch believer in the gold standard, he has of 
recent years been more in touch with Repub- 
lican principles than with those of his own party. 
Fraternally he is associated with the Blue Lodge 
and Royal Arch Masons at Hillsboro, Tex., and 
is also connected with the Knights of Pythias 
at Solomonville, Ariz. In 1878 he was united 
in marriage with Miss Mary Ella Caruthers, a 
daughter of Capt. Samuel Caruthers, of Bosque 
county, Tex. They are the parents of three 
children, of whom two are living: Stella, who 
is fifteen, and Lilian, who is twelve years of age. 


In his responsible position as manager of the 
store of the Arizona Copper Company at Mo- 
renci, Mr. Nonnamaker has evinced a sound 
commercial ability and managerial aptitude quite 
in keeping with the demands of the large busi- 
ness. The establishment of which he is the mov- 
ing spirit is well kept and neat appearing, and 
in a sort of social mecca and meeting place for 
all classes in the town. The volume of trade 
necessitates the employment of fourteen men, 
and the list of patrons covers about six hundred 
families. It is the aim of the management to 
supply a high class of goods of whatever descrip- 
tion required at the lowest possible figure,, and 
to be able to meet every demand found in the 
well-regulated community. Mr. Nonnamaker 
has been in the employ of the Arizona Copper 
Company since 1897, and has been manager of 
the present store for the past two years. 

A native of Ohio, he was born March 30, 1868. 
and is a son of J. A. and Jennie (Rogers), Non- 
namaker, of Hancock county, Ohio. He re- 
ceived an excellent home training, and a high 
school education which culminated in gradua- 
tion. He early displayed habits of thrift and in- 
dustry, and an independence which separated 
him in 1886 from the family circle and home, and 
caused him to go to Nebraska, where for ten 
years he was employed in the mercantile estab- 
lishment of Penny & Son. During this time he 
stored a large fund of commercial knowledge 
which has been of such inestimable utility since, 
and which paved the way for whatever responsi- 
bilities the future might hold. 

In 1897 Mr. Nonnamaker was united in mar- 

riage with Stella Egington, a daughter of Asa 
and Josephine (Carpenter) Egington, of Fuller- 
ton, Neb. Mr. Nonnamaker is independent in 
politics, and, especially in local affairs, supports 
the best man for the office. He has no inclina- 
tions for office holding, but is perfectly willing to 
aid those of his friends whom he deems fitted for 
public trust. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, and contributes generously towards its 
charities and maintenance. 

P. B. SOTO. 

The commercial soundness of the town of 
\Yillcox has been materially augmented by the 
flourishing general merchandise business of P. B. 
and M. J. Soto. An idea of the extent of their 
dealings with the public in a retail and whole- 
sale way may be gained when it is known that 
for the year 1900 they cleared up a business of 
$150,000. Nor are their efforts confined to the 
flourishing little town which has profited by their 
original store, for the same firm during 1900 did 
a business of $ioo,coo at Pearce, a not remote 
sister town. 

The prime mover of these large interests, P. 
B. Soto, was born within easy reach of his pres- 
ent home, and is a native of Contra Costa coun- 
ty, Cal., where he was born June 29, 1857. His 
parents, Y. and Rosa Soto. were farmers in Con- 
tra Costa county, and reared their son to agricul- 
tural pursuits. They were broad-minded people 
and believed in the benefits to be derived from a 
higher education, and their son was accordingly 
educated at St. Mary's College at San Francisco, 
from which he was graduated in 1877. Almost 
immediately he started out in the world to face 
its responsibilities and discouragements, and 
upon settling in Tucson in 1878 was engaged in 
educational work in the public schools for four 
years. It became necessary for him to resign 
this occupation at the time of his father's death in 
1 88 1, at which time he was called to his former 
home to settle the estate, and remained in Con- 
tra Costa county for about a year. 

Upon returning to Arizona he secured a posi- 
tion as salesman with Norton & Stewart (now 
Norton & Co.), with whom he remained for three 
years. He then became identified with the mer- 
cantile house of John C. Fall, a merchant known 



along the whole Pacific coast, and for six years 
was bookkeeper for the firm. By 1888 he had 
made such rapid strides in the confidence of his 
employers that himself and brother, M. J. Soto, 
were taken in as partners, which association was 
amicably continued until the death of Mr. Fall 
in 1895. P. B. Soto was then made administrator, 
without bonds, of the estate, and Soto Brothers 
purchased from the heirs the merchandise busi- 
ness for $42,000. Mrs. Fall is a sister of Judge 
Thornton, formerly of the Supreme Court of Cal- 
ifornia. One of John C. Fall's daughters is the 
wife of Admiral Roclgers, of the United States 
Navy, and another daughter is the wife of ex- 
Governor Kinkead, of Nevada. 

Soto Brothers have since conducted the for- 
mer business of Mr. Fall, and have been success- 
ful beyond their expectations. The store at 
Pearce, made famous by the noted gold mine, is 
under the management of Mr. Renaud, who is a 
partner in the Pearce business. The store in 
Willcox is 75x150 feet in dimensions, and is a 
well-kept establishment. P. B. Soto has erected 
one of the best residences in the city, and is the 
possessor of considerable other residence and 
business property here and elsewhere. He is 
one of the energetic and substantial men of the 
town, and is interested in all that tends to the 
well being of the community. Though not an 
office-seeker in any sense of the word, he is a 
stanch Republican, and has attended every con- 
vention in the locality for ten years. 

In 1881 Mr. Soto was united in marriage with 
Amelia Appel, daughter of N. B. and Victoria 
Appel, the former of whom has for the last 
twelve years been a bailiff in the police court at 
Los Angeles. To Mr. and Mrs. Soto have been 
born five children: Emilia, Lydia, Lucretia, Er- 
nest and Stella. Emilia and Lydia are now at- 
tending the Notre Dame College, and have been 
at that institution five and two years respectively. 
The other three children are being educated at 
the schools in Willcox. 


Though his residence in Safford dates back 
only five years, as he cast in his fortunes with 
this place in February, 1896, Dr. W. E. Lindley 
has become one of its leading citizens, and now 

enjoys a large practice in this locality. Undoubt- 
edly the active part which he played in the 
Spanish-American war was an important factor 
in his popularity, and on that account he is 
widely known. In company with Wiley Jones he 
had the pleasure of mustering into the regiment 
of Rough Riders sixteen young patriots of this 
town; and then, in the pursuance of his duty 
as examining surgeon, went to numerous points 
throughout Arizona and assisted in the organi- 
zation of the First Territorial Regiment United 
States Volunteer Infantry. Made one of its sur- 
geons, with the rank of first lieutenant, he served 
as such from the time of his enlistment, July 10, 
1898, to February 15, 1899, when he was hon- 
orably discharged at Albany, Ga. The reunion 
of the regiment occurred in Phoenix in Febru- 
ary, 1901. 

When the dread war-clouds of the Civil war 
were culminating, in 1861, the birth of Dr. W. E. 
Lindley occurred in Clayton, Hendricks county, 
Ind. His parents, Milton and Mary A. (Banta) 
Lindley, were natives of North Carolina and 
Kentucky, respectively, and his grandparents 
were connected with the Society of Friends. 
Milton Lindley was an early settler in Indiana, 
no railroads then having been built to Chicago, 
111. With his family he removed to Minneapolis, 
Minn., in 1865, and ten years later located in 
Los Angeles, Cal., where they lived in a beautiful 
home for a number of years. The father departed 
this life May 16, 1894, and his widow is still liv- 
ing in her pleasant Los Angeles residence. 

Dr. W. E. Lindley was but fourteen years of 
age when he first saw Los Angeles, then a small 
Mexican town, with little promise for the future. 
When sufficiently advanced in his studies he en- 
tered the University of Southern California, and 
continued there until within four months of his 
graduation. Having formed the earnest desire 
to become a disciple of the healing art he matric- 
ulated in Cooper Medical College at San Fran- 
cisco, where he was graduated in 1884. Return- 
ing to Los Angeles, he soon commanded a large 
and growing practice, and during the twelve 
years of his professional labors there was hon- 
ored in many ways. For some three years he 
was professor of anatomy in the University of 
Southern California: for two years was police 
surgeon, and at another time served as coroner 



of Los Angeles county. At length his fame ex- 
tended beyond southern California, and the posi- 
tion of surgeon of the Arizona Copper Smelting 
Company was preferred him. This office he still 
holds, and in addition to this he is the local sur- 
geon of the Gila Valley, Globe & Northern Rail- 
road. His membership is retained in the Los 
Angeles County Medical Society, the California 
State Medical and the Southern California Med- 
ical Societies, and besides, he is identified with 
the Idaho State and the Arizona Territorial Med- 
ical Societies. Of the Odd Fellows Lodge at 
Albion, Idaho, he is a charter member, and in 
Los Angeles was a member of the Knights of 
Pythias. The Republican party of Arizona can 
boast of few workers more earnest than he, and 
at the present time the secretaryship of the Gra- 
ham county central committee rests upon his 
shoulders, in addition to which he is acting on 
the executive committee. 

A wedding ceremony performed May 22, 1888, 
united the destinies of Dr. Lindley and Miss El- 
sie L. Strout. 'Her parents were Enoch N. and- 
Rebecca A. (Chipman) Strout, of Placerville, 
Cal. Her father was the second sheriff of that 
(El Dorado) county his term commencing in 
1850. Both he and his wife were born in Massa- 
chusetts, and the latter joined him in 1851, go- 
ing by way of the isthmus of Panama. Mrs. 
Strout's death occurred January 19, 1901, at Pla- 
cerville. The Doctor and wife have one child, 
Hervey Milton, now eight years old, and attend- 
ing school. Mrs. Lindley is a member of the 
Christian Church, and, like her husband, has a 
wide circle of sincere friends, here and else- 


There is little danger of giving too much credit 
to the brave pioneers of civilization and progress 
when it is remembered what hardships and pri- 
vation were endured by them and what a glori- 
ous heritage their descendants and multitudes of 
strangers enter into, "reaping where they have 
not sown," yet, let us hope, possessing grateful 
hearts. During the thirty-seven years of Varney 
A. Stephens' residence in Arizona he has been a 
witness of marked changes and has contributed 
not a little to the development of its resources. 

Believing that a review of the career of this 
highly esteemed citizen of Prescott will be read 
with much interest by his hosts of friends the fol- 
lowing has been prepared. The Stephens fam- 
ily, to which he belongs, was founded in Virginia 
by his grandfather. Peter Stephens, a native of 
England. With two brothers he came to Amer- 
ica in the British army during the colonial war 
for independence, and ere long his sympathies 
were so thoroughly given to the plucky band of 
Americans that he joined their ranks. Subse- 
quently he lived in Virginia until the wilderness 
of Kentucky was being explored by a few daring 
scouts and hunters, when he went on an expedi- 
tion into that future state and there settled upon 
land in Madison county. His son, John E., 
father of Varney A. Stephens, was born in Vir- 
ginia, and spent the greater part of his life in 
the Blue Grass state. He owned a farm near 
Tompkinsville, Monroe county, and for many 
years worked at his trade as a carriage manufac- 
turer. He attained the ripe age of seventy-nine 
years. His wife, Polly, was a daughter of Isham 
Geralds, who was a Virginian, while she was 
born in Kentucky. 

The only member of his family in Arizona, 
Varney A. Stephens is one of nine children, six 
of whom were sons. He was born on the old 
homestead near Tompkinsville, Ky., May 16, 
1820. His education was obtained in the primi- 
tive subscription school of the period, and when 
twenty years of age he went to Missouri, and at 
a point about twelve miles from St. Joseph com- 
menced improving a farm. At the end of sixteen 
years he went to Denton county, Tex., and, buy- 
ing some land, engaged in farming and in stock- 
raising, also doing some freighting. His father 
was a Whig and throughout the war our subject 
was a strong Union man. Needless to say, there- 
fore, that the war caused the downfall of his for- 
tunes for the time being. 

In 1864 Mr. Stephens started across the plains 
with an ox-train and some cattle. The trip, 
which was pursued to this county, consumed 
eight months and five days, and when he first 
saw the future city of Prescott, October 5, 1864, 
only four families were living in the neighbor- 
hood. No school had been built in this locality 
and it was not until the following year that the 
first one was constructed here. The Indians 



captured the stock which he had brought here 
by such labor, and for over a year after his ar- 
rival he engaged in the saw-mill business, then 
from 1866 to 1875 was occupied in freighting. 
The firm of Kelly & Stephens was then organ- 
ized, and during all the intervening years, down 
to the present time, a successful merchandising 
business has been carried on by the enterprising 
pioneer partners. They sustained a heavy loss 
in the disastrous fire of July, 1900, but soon re- 
sumed business and are again prospering. They 
have built up a splendid reputation for integrity 
and enjoy the patronage of many of the represen- 
tative old citizens. In political affairs Mr. Ste- 
phens is a Republican. 

He was married in Missouri March i, 1846, to 
Miss Nancy A. Ball, a native of Jacksonville, 111., 
though reared in Missouri. This worthy couple 
have reason to be proud of their four children, 
namely: Mrs. Caroline Weaver and Mrs. Mar- 
tina Kelly, of Prescott; Mrs. Josephine Potts, of 
California, and John C., who is engaged in the 
wholesale and retail butcher's business in this 
city. Mr. and Mrs. Stephens have long been 
members of the Christian church, and are be- 
loved and revered by a multitude of friends. 


Dr. Robbins, who is engaged in the practice 
of medicine and surgery at Phoenix, has that 
love for and devotion to his profession which 
has brought him success and won him a place 
among the ablest representatives of the medical 
fraternity in Arizona. He was born near Sul- 
livan, Ind., July 16, 1869, and was fourth among 
eight children, six of whom are living. The 
Robbins family was founded in America by five 
brothers who came from Scotland about the time 
the "Mayflower" brought her little band of Pil- 
grims to these shores. Three of these settled 
in New England and two in Virginia. The 
Doctor's paternal grandfather, John Robbins, 
was a native of the Old Dominion and an early 
settler of Knox county, Ind., where he owned 
a large amount of land. He served as captain 
in the war of 1812. Frank Robbins, the Doctor's 
father, was born in Knox county, Ind., and is 
still living near Sullivan, that state, at the age 
of sixty-three years. He is a farmer by occupa- 

tion and owns about seven hundred acres of 
land. His wife, who bore the maiden name of 
Letitia Creager, was born in Sullivan county. 
Her father, Thomas Creager, who was a soldier 
in the war of 1812, was an extensive land owner 
in Sullivan county and took a prominent part in 
politics, first as an Abolitionist and later as a 

William C. Robbins remained on the home 
farm until seventeen years of age and then 
taught school, in which way he earned enough 
money to pay his expenses at college. In 1894 
he was graduated from Wabash College, with 
the degree of B. S. During the freshman and 
sophomore' years he was vice-president of his 
class, and served as president during the junior 
and senior years. For six months he studied 
medicine under the direction of Dr. W. B. 
Chambers of Crawfordsville, Ind., and in the fall 
of 1894 entered the Missouri Homeopathic 
Medical College at St. Louis, where he was 
graduated in 1897, with the degree of M. D. In 
the practice of his chosen profession he 
remained at Sullivan, Ind., a few months, but 
in the fall of 1897 came to Phoenix, and in the 
spring of the following year began a general 
practice of medicine and surgery, since which 
time his skill has won for him a liberal patron- 

The Homeopathic Medical Association of 
Arizona has Dr. Robbins among its prominent 
members, and he is medical examiner for the 
Knights of Pythias, United Moderns and Inde- 
pendent Order of Foresters, to which he 
belongs. Among the other orders with which 
he is associated are the Foresters of America, 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, and 
the Uniform Rank, K. of P. In his political 
affiliations he is a Republican. His office is 
located at No. 16 North Second avenue. Socially 
he is a popular, genial gentleman, who stands 
high among his associates. 

January 23, 1901, Dr. Robbins married Oona 
Mae Davidson Byers, who was born at War- 
rensburg, Mo., January n, 1874, a daughter of 
Peter L. and Alwilda (Davidson) Byers. Her 
father, who was born near Pittsburg, Pa., 
removed with his parents to Ohio when a youth 
and later engaged in farming in Ohio. During 
the Civil war he served in the Eighth Ohio 



Cavalry. At the close of the conflict he removed 
to Johnson county, Mo., where he continued 
farming until 1876, when he removed to Cali- 
fornia, and there is now residing in practical 
retirement. In politics he is a Democrat. For 
many years he has been a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. Mrs. Robbins was 
educated principally in the high school at Santa 
Paula, Cal. In October, 1898, she entered the 
Denver (Colo.) Medical College and pursued 
her studies one term. Since then she has been 
a student in the Hahnemann Hospital Medical 
College of San Francisco, from which she 
expects to graduate in December, 1901, and to 
become one of the pioneer women practitioners 
of Arizona. 


This energetic business man of Safford is a 
native of Burnett, Tex., where his birth oc- 
curred just two-score years ago. Residing there 
until he was twenty, he obtained a liberal high 
school education in his youth and after com- 
pleting his studies embarked in the cattle busi- 
ness, in which he was quite successful. 

Twenty years ago our subject came to Ari- 
zona, and after traveling in different parts of the 
territory, with a view to making a permanent 
settlement, decided to locate in Graham county. 
In the following year he came to Safford, and 
within his recollection nearly the whole of its 
growth and prosperity has been accomplished. 
After devoting a few months to the freighting 
business hereabouts, he went to Clifton, where, 
at the time, a more flourishing business was be- 
ing transacted, artd there he held the position of 
deputy under Sheriff George H. Stevens for two 
years. Then he became connected with the cat- 
tle business, still making his home in Clifton, and 
in 1886 removed to Solomonville, the county 
seat, though he continued to keep his interest in 

In 1890 Mr. Olney was honored by being 
elected as sheriff, and at the expiration of his 
term, two years later, was re-elected. In 1898 
he was elected to the legislature from this coun- 
ty, and fully justified the expectations of his 
Democratic constituents. For a number of years 
he acted on the school board of Solomonville, 

and in many material ways manifested his inter- 
est in public affairs there. Since February, 1900, 
he has made his home in Safford, where he con- 
ducts a large hardware and implement business, 
at the same time being the proprietor of a neat 
and paying meat market. He is a charter mem- 
ber of Solomonville Lodge No. 16, K. of P. 

Unquestionably one of the handsomest mod- 
ern residences of Safford is the brick house of 
ten rooms and bath, situated on the border of 
the town, and owned and occupied by Mr. Olney 
and family. In 1888 he married Nellie, daughter 
of G. W. Desler, formerly of Telford, Tenn. The 
young couple have three children, Beulah, Dan- 
iel C. and Henrietta, aged respectively eight, 
seven and four years. 


Hon. W. J. Mulvenon is one of the substantial 
business men of Prescott, and for many years he 
has faithfully aided in the great work of preserv- 
ing law and order here, thus placing the frontier 
territory on a safe and sound basis. He bears 
the reputation of having been one of the most 
efficient sheriffs that Arizona ever had, and the 
appreciation of the public was recently mani- 
fested anew by its choice of him as representative 
in the territorial legislature. Elected on the 
Democratic ticket by good majority, he served 
with credit in the nineteenth general assembly, 
in 1897, but though urged to again become a 
candidate for the same office in the next sessions, 
he declined. He has been very active in the 
counsels of his party, having served on the coun- 
ty and territorial central committees. 

Born in Belchertown, Mass., October 25, 
1851, our subject is one of the twelve children 
of Hugh and Ann (King) Mulvenon, both like- 
wise natives of the Bay State. While a resident 
there, in his early manhood, the father was em- 
ployed in paper mills, but in 1856 he removed 
with his family to Dubuque, Iowa, and about 
a year later located in Leavenworth, Kans., 
where he engaged in the freighting business for 
years. Both he and his wife are yet living at 
their old home in that city, and only one of their 
children has been called to the silent land, name- 
ly: Hugh, who died in Arizona. Three sons, W. 
J., Austin and Allen, are citizens of Prescott. 



When he was sixteen years of age, W. J. Mul- 
venon entered the employ of the government as 
wagon-master, and spent four years in that 
capacity, first being located at Fort Riley. later 
at Fort Lyon, and afterwards at points in Colo- 
rado and the Indian Territory. Resigning in 
1871, he proceeded to Silver City, N. M., where 
he engaged in mining and prospecting, also in 
the vicinity of Georgetown, N. M. In 1872 he 
was made deputy by Sheriff Whitehead, and 
served for three years at Silver City, N. M. 

Coming to Prescott in 1875, Mr. Mulvenon 
devoted his attention to mining in the Peck dis- 
trict for several years, and in 1881 was appointed 
deputy sheriff by Mr. Walker. At the end of two 
years he was again made deputy, and served 
under Sheriff Henkle for two years as such. At 
that time the county comprised the territory now 
divided into Yavapai, Coconino and Navajo 
counties. In 1884 Mr. Mulvenon was nominated 
on the Democratic ticket as sheriff, was duly 
elected, and at the expiration of his term was 
again elected, thus officiating from January I, 
1885, to January i, 1889. During that period 
his ability was often taxed severely, especially 
when the trouble arose in the Tonto Basin be- 
tween the cattle and sheep raisers. The strife 
was so fierce and the feeling ran so high there 
between the opposing factions that it was neces- 
sary for the sheriff to organize forty men, brave 
and true, to assist him in quelling the warfare. 
One of the deputies, Murphy by name, was shot 
by Dilda, and Mr. Mulvenon rested not until he 
had captured the outlaw, overtaking him at Ash 
Fork. Then he sternly prosecuted him and con- 
viction and a death-sentence followed. Too late 
for many, those who put to defiance law and 
order found that the sheriff was unflinching in 
the discharge of his duties, and his record as an 
officer redounds to his credit. 

Since resuming the private duties of a citizen, 
Mr. Mulvenon has been interested in mines on 
the Turkey creek. In 1894 he organized the 
Crystal Ice Company, of which he is the present 
manager. Under his supervision the well- 
equipped ice-plant was built, and the business 
has been extended until now an extensive whole- 
sale and retail trade is carried on, supplies being 
shipped to Congress, Jerome and other neigh- 
boring towns. At the time of the organization 

of the volunteer firemen's corps he became con- 
nected with the service, and for three years was 
chief of the fire department. He was married in 
this city to Miss Ella Johnson, a native of Ore- 
gon. Her parents were early settlers and re- 
spected citizens on the Pacific coast. 


Norway has furnished to the United States 
many bright, enterprising young men who have 
left their native land to enter the business circles 
of this country with its more progressive meth- 
ods, livelier competition and advancement more 
quickly secured. Among this number is Mr. 
Mohn, of the firm of Mohn & Easterling, promi- 
nent funeral directors of Phoenix. 

He was born near Kongsvinger, Norway, on 
the ist of November, 1868, his parents being 
Torres and Hanna (Throngaarden) Mohn, who 
are still residents of that country. The father 
is a farmer by occupation and owns the place 
known as Mohn. Our subject's grandfathers, 
Gundar Mohn and Hans Throngaarden, were 
also agriculturists. In religious belief the family 
are Lutherans. Peter is the fifth in order of 
birth of six children who reached years of ma- 
turity. Four are still living and three are resi- 
dents of this country, but our subject is the only 
one whose home is in Arizona. 

Peter Mohn was reared on his father's farm 
and after attending the public schools for some 
time he entered an agricultural college, complet- 
ing a dairy course. Determined to try his for- 
tune in America, he crossed the Atlantic in 1890 
and took up his residence in Portland, Ore., 
where he was superintendent of creameries until 
1892. He then went to San Francisco, and later 
was superintendent of different creameries in 
both California and Nevada. In 1895 he accepted 
a similar position at Los Angeles, and subse- 
quently was superintendent of a creamery at 
Westminster until coming to Phoenix in No- 
vember, 1896. Here he started the Maricopa 
creamery, of which he was superintendent for a 
short time, but in June, 1899, resigned that posi- 
tion, and has since devoted his entire attention to 
his present business, which was established by 
him in February, that year, when he bought out 
W. H. Smith and formed a partnership with S. 



L. Easterling. Under the firm name of Mohn 
& Easterling they have since conducted business 
and have met with most excellent success. They 
have a fine establishment at No. 118 North Cen- 
ter street, which is 30x70 feet and divided into 
eight rooms, such as cabinet, show and sample 
rooms. They carry a large and well-selected 
stock of goods, and in connection with their 
regular undertaking establishment they have a 
morgue. Mr. Mohn is a graduate of the Hennes- 
sey School of Embalming at Chicago, and is a 
business man of more than ordinary ability. He 
is energetic, enterprising and thoroughly reliable, 
and generally carries forward to successful com- 
pletion whatever he undertakes. 

Mr. Mohn is a member of the Odd Fellows' 
Society and the Rebekah branch of that order; 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the 
Fraternal Brotherhood. He also belongs to Vic- 
tor Hose Company of the Volunteer Fire De- 
partment, and is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South. 


The commercial prestige of the various stores 
started in different parts of Arizona by John H. 
Norton & Co. is admirably maintained by the 
splendid financial ability and rigid commercial 
integrity of the partner and general manager, H. 
A. Morgan. As is well known, the name of John 
H. Norton is inseparably associated with much 
that is lasting and momentous in the history and 
development of certain portions of the territory. 
Out of his many plans for the immediate and 
ultimate good of Cochise county there came the 
cherished desire to bring within easy range and 
reasonable prices the general necessities of life 
to those who were wresting from the earth her 
hidden treasures, or tilling the soil once deemed 
beyond the power of human redemption. These 
general stores have reached the maximum of their 
usefulness through the hearty co-operation and 
untiring efforts of Mr. Morgan. 

The greater part of the life of Mr. Morgan has 
been spent in the far west. In fact, he is a typi- 
cal southwesterner, and was born in Columbia, 
Tuolumne county, Cal., in 1861. His parents, 
George and Margaret Morgan, were natives re- 
spectively of England and Ireland, and were 

among the very early settlers and appreciators 
of California. Their son received all the advan- 
tages within their power, to confer, and after a 
thorough mastery of the studies of the public 
schools was sent, when eighteen years of age, 
to a business college in San Francisco. His first 
practical business experience was gained in 1880, 
when he secured a position as bookkeeper for 
the firm of Norton & Stewart, at Fort Grant, 
Ariz., and in this capacity he faithfully served 
until 1890. Shortly before this time the retire- 
ment of Mr. Stewart opened an opportunity for 
him to secure a more responsible position, and 
he was made general manager of all the stores 
of the company. For some time previous he 
had resided at Willcox, and continued to do so 
under the weight of the added responsibility. 
During the time intervening since 1890, there 
have been stores started in the vicinity. Among 
these is the store at Pearce, established in 1895, 
which is conducted under the firm name of Nor- 
ton & Morgan, and was the first store opened 
in that town. There is also a store at Cochise, 
operated under the title of John H. Norton & 
Co., and one at Johnson, under the name of 
Fiege &. Co. The estimated stock of the four 
stores amounts to $75,000, and the trade is far- 
reaching and the largest in the territory. 

Nor are Mr. Morgan's efforts for the well-be- 
ing of his adopted town confined to mercantile 
lines. An ardent promoter of education, he 
served as clerk of the school board which erected 
the new school building, constructed of stone 
and brick, and costing $8,000. Of this building 
Whitehead & Sullivan of Tucson were the con- 
tractors and H. C. Trost, of Tucson, the archi- 
tect. A stanch member of the Republican party, 
Mr. Morgan is president of the Republican Club, 
an organization with a wide influence, to whose 
efforts was due the fact that Willcox gave a Re- 
publican majority of two to one during the last 
campaign, all the camps in the neighborhood fol- 
lowing suit and voting for the head of the ticket 
by a large majority. In 1881 he attended the 
first Republican convention held in Graham 
county. As a Mason, he was a delegate to the 
meeting of the grand lodge in Phoenix in 1900, 
and he is also a charter member and leading offi- 
cer of the Ancient Order of United Workmen 
at Willcox. In addition to his mercantile and 



mining interests, he has invested heavily in real 
estate in Willcox, among his other properties 
owning a comfortable and homelike residence. 
In 1886 Mr. Morgan married Miss Anna Belle 
Dixon, daughter of J. E. Dixon, of Tucson. Of 
this union there are five children, viz.: George 
Philip, who is fourteen years of age and attends 
the St. Matthew's Military Academy at San Ma- 
teo, Cal.; Ethel R., nine years old; Florence, 
five; Evelyn, three, and Helen, eight months old. 
Mrs. Morgan is a member of the Roman Cath- 
olic Church. 


Mr. Sampson comes from a genealogical line 
that helped to lay the foundation of the Re- 
public, that gallant old New England stock that 
prayed one minute . and fought the next, and 
were particularly in evidence during the prog- 
ress of the Revolution. The great-grandfather, 
Durant, was paymaster under Washington, and 
was a politician of note during the infancy of the 
new government. The grandfather was born in 
Massachusetts, and the next in succession, Ira 
B. Sampson, the father of A. B., was also born 
in the Bay state. Ira B. Sampson was a large 
woolen manufacturer in Springfield, Mass., and 
received considerable political recognition dur- 
ing his years of activity. He died in Massa- 
chusetts. The mother of Mr. Sampson, formerly 
Julia Ann Blush, was born in, and came from 
one of the old Massachusetts families, a 
daughter of Amasa Blush, who married Nancy 
Durant, a daughter of Capt. Thomas Durant, 
who served his country in the Revolutionary 
war. The Blush family trace their ancestry back 
to the French Huguenots, and were first repre- 
sented in America by one George, a son of Ed- 
ward, and grandson of another Edward, and 
who came to America from Essex county, Eng- 
land, in 1663, settling in Middletown, Conn. 
Mrs. Sampson was the mother of three sons and 
three daughters, of whom Henry F. is the super- 
intendent of the Connecticut River Railroad ; 
A. B. is living in Tucson ; Ira B. while captain 
of the Second Massachusetts Artillery, was 
captured at Newberne, N. C., imprisoned for 
nine months in a southern prison, and event- 
ually died at Tempe, Ariz.; Julia A. is now Mrs. 

J. S. Hurlbut, of Springfield, Mass.; Martha is 
the wife of Frank M. Hurlbut, of Morristown, 
N. J.; and Henrietta is married to John Murphy, 
of Springfield, Mass. 

A native of Worthington, Mass., Amasa B. 
Sampson was born June u, 1837, and when 
young moved with his parents to Springfield of 
the same state. His education was acquired in 
the public schools and he graduated from the 
high school at Springfield. In 1855 he joined 
a colony of Massachusetts people, who settled in 
Kansas on the Neosho river, and started the 
town of Hampden. There he engaged in the 
real-estate and loans business, and in 1856 was 
with General Lane, and in John Brown's com- 
pany during the free state war. In 1859 he 
started with a large party from Springfield. 
Mass, (where at the time he was visiting) for 
the Pike's Peak gold mines as guide and wagon- 
master, but upon reaching the Arkansas river 
the party disbanded and Mr. Sampson returned 
to his home in Kansas. He reached the gold 
fields the following year by way of wagon and 
ox-team, and was elected sheriff of the Iowa 
mining district before any regular government 
organization had been effected. 

With the outbreak of the Civil war Mr. Samp- 
son enlisted in Company F, First Colorado 
Cavalry, in August of 1861, and during the 
service proceeded against the Texas rangers, the 
Indians on the plains, and participated in the 
battles of Pigeon's Ranch, Peralta, and many of 
the more important battles of the war. Enlist- 
ing as a private, he was mustered out of 
service in February of 1865, by an order which 
resulted from the consolidation of two regi- 
ments, and which gave the three oldest 
. sergeants the privilege of being mustered out or 
of serving as privates. In April of 1865 Mr. 
Sampson left Denver for the gold mines of 
Montana, starting with a pair of horses and a 
load of goods. The horses were later traded 
for oxen, and he proceeded on his lonely and 
desolate journey, for the greater part the sole 
sharer of his thoughts, through a country in- 
fested with hostile and resentful Indians, and 
continually arising difficulties. Arriving in 
Montana he settled in Helena, and engaged in 
speculating, general merchandise business, and 
building, but in the spring of 1868 returned to 


the east, and spent two years in New York City, 
in search of renewed health. From 1869 until 
1879 he lived in San Francisco, and established 
during that time the New York fancy goods 
store, and was remarkably successful until his 
removal to Tucson in February of 1879. Here 
also he was successful in a mercantile venture, 
and at the end of three years sold out his in- 
terests, and enjoyed for a time a season of 

Mr. Sampson has been much interested in 
mining in Arizona, and in 1895 was the fortunate 
discoverer, with Charles Bent, of the wolfram 
ore. This ore is a valuable property for harden- 
ing steel, and an important and valuable dis- 
covery. While Mr. Sampson and Mr. Bent still 
own eleven claims in the Guijas' mountains, 
which contain the largest deposits of the ore in 
the world, a part of some of the mines have been 
sold to the American Wolfram Company. 

Mr. Sampson has been prominent in the poli- 
tics of the territory. He was elected county re- 
corder for Pima county in 1885 and 1886, and 
was re-elected in 1887 and 1888, after which he 
positively refused any further political recogni- 
tion. He is independent in politics, his standard 
being principle rather than party. He is frater- 
nally associated with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and with the Oriental Encamp- 
ment of San Francisco; also with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, and the Red Men, 
of Tucson. He was for one term department 
commander of the Grand Army of the Republic 
of Arizona, and is a member of Negley Post. In 
January of 1878 he joined Lincoln Post No.i, of 
San Francisco, and has always been an active 
member of the order. August 10, 1865, he mar- 
ried Annie Gallagher in Helena, Mont. She 
died April 17, 1894, in Chicago. 


Of the many enterprising men to whom the 
Salt River valley has offered a home and abund- 
ance, none has more consistently availed them- 
selves of the opportunities at hand than Mr. 
Miller. Gifted with keen financial ability, and 
the determination without which very little is 
accomplished, he has attained to a position in 
the community commensurate with his public- 
spiritedness and particular attainments. . 

While devoting his time in the main to the 
occupation of farming and stock-raising, particu- 
larly the latter, upon his finely improved farm of 
two hundred and fifty-two acres almost adjoin- 
ing the corporation of Tempe, he has been con- 
spicuously identified with the various undertak- 
ings which have developed in the wake of an 
ever increasing population and consequent de- 
mand. He is among other things president of 
the Arizona Mercantile Company, a director in, 
and at present secretary of, the Mesa-Tempe 
Produce Company, and a stockholder in the 
Tempe National Bank. Like most of the pio- 
neers who have watched the gradual unfolding 
of the plans formulated in the beginning of the 
'705, his time and attention have been directed 
towards a solution of the problem of water sup- 
ply, and his efforts have been largely instru- 
mental in perfecting the present excellent sys- 
tem. In this connection he is a director in the 
Tempe Irrigating Canal Company. 

Like many of the prosperous dwellers of the 
valley, Mr. Miller was in his youth no pampered 
child of fortune, nor was he directed by other 
than his own common sense into the paths of 
future success. A native of Wapello county, 
Iowa, he was born February 15, 1859', anc l ' s a 
son of Winchester and Melinda (Young) Miller, 
the former a native of Ohio. Winchester Miller, 
who died in Tempe in November of 1893, was 
one of the pioneers of the locality, and came to 
the territory in 1870. He also was much inter- 
ested in the early development of water, and 
assisted in the construction of the Tempe Irri- 
gating Canal. While conducting his farm on 
broad and scientific lines he was prominently 
connected with the political affairs of his local- 
ity, and was a stanch member of the Democratic 
party. For the first few years of his residence 
in the far west he served as deputy sheriff of 
Maricopa county, and held several minor polit- 
ical offices. For the valuable services which he 
contributed towards the upbuilding of Tempe 
and vicinity he is gratefully remembered, and 
his life was such as to win for him the good-will 
and respect of all who knew him. Mr. Miller 
was twice married, and became the father of a 
large family of children, of whom the following 
are living: William Y., Albert, Mrs. J. F. Haig- 
ler, who is living near Tempe; Clara, who is a 



student at Stanford University, California; Man- 
uella, who is a teacher at Flagstaff, Ariz.; Al- 
bert J., Samuel, Sarah, Benjamin, Rosa, Lydia 
and Andrew J. The last seven are living at 
Tempe. The first Mrs. Miller died in Texas, 
and the wife whom Mr. Miller married in Ari- 
zona is living with the family in Tempe. 

When an infant of less than a year Albert 
Miller was taken by his parents to Texas, and 
when but six years of age was deprived of the 
care and affectionate interest of his mother. 
Shortly after the death of the mother, the father, 
with two of the children, moved back to Iowa, 
and the youthful Albert was reared until his 
fifteenth year in the family of his grandfather, 
William Young, in Van Buren county, Iowa. 
He then started out in the world to face what- 
ever the future might have in store, and in 1876 
found his way to Arizona, where he was, for a 
time, employed by his father, at Tempe. He then 
engaged in farming for himself, which occupa- 
tion has since enlisted his practical interest. Mr. 
Miller has been identified with the Arizona Mer- 
cantile Company since 1898, and the year pre- 
vious with the Tempe-Mesa Produce Company. 

September 29, 1886, Mr. Miller married Miss 
Lydia Antoinette, daughter of A. J. Halbert, an 
old settler of Arizona. Mrs. Miller was born in 
Arkansas and came with her father to Arizona 
in 1879. JVIr. and Mrs. Miller have three chil- 
dren, viz.: Halbert W., Emma C. and Gussie 

Mr. Miller is a member of the Democratic 
party, and in 1898 was a candidate for county 
supervisor, but was defeated by a small majority. 
Fraternally he is associated with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and the United Moderns 
at Tempe. He is popular among the residents 
of the valley, and one of the most successful 
financiers in the county. 


The administration of Mr. Akers as post- 
master of Prescott, to which office he was 
appointed by President McKinley March 31, 
1898, has been well received by the citizens of 
Prescott, and the many advantageous reforms 
which have developed and prospered under his 
management, have met with their merited appre- 

ciation. From within the circumscribed walls of 
a small room, where the business of the depart- 
ment was at first conducted, he has succeeded in 
securing a new postoffice building, which is not 
only a credit to the city, but is a means of facili- 
tating the delivery of matter to different parts of 
the town. An especially commended advance- 
ment was the free delivery which was inaugu- 
rated in March of 1900, thus placing the mail 
service of Prescott on a footing with the larger 
and older cities of the union. 

Mr. Akers is not alone in being prominent in 
the affairs of the territory, his brother, C. H. 
Akers, having served as secretary of Arizona. 
Other and more distant members of the family 
are known in professional and literary circles, 
and are successful educators. The family his- 
tory is an interesting one, and the first Amer- 
ican subject to bear the name was one Peter 
Akers, the paternal great-grandfather, who 
emigrated from England about 1780, landing a.t 
Newcastle, Del. His descendants were prom- 
inently identified with the early history of 
Harrison county, Ohio, and John H. Akers, the 
father of James W., was born in Harrison county 
in 1808. He was a prominent physician and 
surgeon, having graduated from an eastern col- 
lege, and he later practiced with marked success 
in Ohio, Iowa, and Kansas, in which latter state 
he arose to unusual prominence, not only in his 
profession, but as a public speaker in the cause 
of abolition, and in the doctrines of the Meth- 
odist church. He was twice married, his second 
wife, formerly Almarine Harbaugh, being the 
mother of John B., Josephine, C. H. and J. 
W. Akers. Mrs. Akers is now living in Pres- 
cott. She and Mr. Akers had four children, 
of whom John B., who served in the Civil 
war, met a tragic death November 19, 1887, 
while superintendent of a saw mill. A daugh- 
ter, Josephine, is the wife of K. L. Mills, 
of Kansas City. Mr. Akers by his first marriage 
had three daughters : Elizabeth, wife of Captain 
Williams, a resident of Kansas ; Nancy, wife of 
H. C. Harding, of Denver, Colo., and Matilda, 
wife of J. Sharp Walker, an attorney of Topeka, 

The youth of Mr. Akers was spent at Shaw- 
nee, Johnson county, Kans., where he was born 
December 23, 1859. His first ambitious expec- 



tations were directed towards the west, and in 
1880 he went to Leadville, Colo., and engaged 
in prospecting and mining in Leadville, Virginia 
City, and St. Elmo until 1883, when he came 
to Arizona and located in Prescott. He here 
continued to mine and prospect in the Walker 
and Hassayampa districts, and on Broom creek, 
and then for two years was interested in ranch- 
ing in the Salt River valley. He then returned 
to Prescott and for five years engaged as a 
salesman for the B. B. Company, having charge 
of their shoe and dry-goods department. This 
position was relinquished in order to assume the 
duties of postmaster in March of 1898. 

Since living in Prescott Mr. Akers has mar- 
ried Nellie H. Brown, who was born in St. 
Louis, and who graciously presides over the 
home erected by Mr. Akers at 135 South Mc- 
Cormick street. Mr. Akers is a member of the 
Knights of Pythias fraternity. His position as 
postmaster is due to his allegiance to the Re- 
publican party, from the advocacy of the prin- 
ciples and issues of which he never swerves. 


This well-known business man of Walker and 
the Lynx Creek district has been a resident of 
Arizona for the past eight years, during which 
period he has been deeply interested in mining 
and prospecting, and in everything pertaining to 
the upbuilding and development of the territory. 
He is a self-made man financially, and com- 
menced the battle of life empty-handed and with- 
out influential friends or other assistance. By 
his own industry and perseverance in affairs 
which he has undertaken, and to this alone, his 
success must be attributed. 

The birthplace of Mr. Booker is in Saline 
county, Mo., the date of his nativity being June 
26, 1857. His educational advantages were lim- 
ited and when quite young he began to earn his 
own livelihood. For several years he was num- 
bered among the farmers and stock-raisers of his 
native county, but at length a desire to try his 
fortune in another field of enterprise led him to 
come to the far west. 

In 1880 Mr. Booker went to Aspen, Colo., and 
for the following thirteen years was engaged ex- 
clusively in mining and prospecting in that local- 

ity. Coming to Arizona in 1893 he was offered a 
position as bookkeeper for the firm of Babbitt & 
Colvin, of Phoenix. Remaining with that house 
for two years, he then went to Prescott and soon 
came to the Lynx Creek district, where he has 
made some discoveries and claims which give 
every promise of being valuable. Finding an 
opening for a general store in this neighborhood, 
he opened one, and for two years has been its 
proprietor, thus contributing materially to the 
welfare and convenience of the various mining 
camps within a ladius of ten or fifteen miles. He 
has a wide acquaintance here, and is universally 
respected. In his political faith, he is a Demo- 
crat of no uncertain stamp, and at all times and 
under all circumstances he strives to discharge 
the duties of a good citizen. 


The present mayor of Mesa is the subject of 
this article, J. G. Peterson, who stands high in 
the esteem and confidence of his fellow-citizens. 
A young man in the prime of life, he is active 
and enterprising, foremost in everything which 
makes for the public good. In political affairs, 
he casts his influence on the side of the Demo- 
cratic party, and was elected by his co-workers 
to the city council of Mesa in April, 1900, and 
subsequently was chosen to occupy the im- 
portant position of mayor, in which office, as 
formerly, he is winning laurels. 

Charles S. Peterson, the father of our subject, 
came to Mesa in 1883 and departed this life sev- 
eral years ago. He had served as a representa- 
tive from his own district in the legislature of 
Utah, and for nearly or quite a quarter of a cen- 
tury was the bishop of Peterson Ward, Morgan 
county, Utah, and a leading light in the Church 
of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints. His 
widow, whose maiden name was Ann Patton, 
and who is the mother of J. G. Peterson, is yet 
living, her home being in Mesa. 

The birth of our subject occurred in Morgan 
county, Utah, September 6, 1868, and for fifteen 
years he dwelt in that locality, receiving a fair 
education in the schools of the district. In 1883 
he came to Arizona, and continued to give his 
attention to the tilling of the soil and to the rais- 
ing of live stock. In 1892 he became connected 



with the flourishing enterprise known as the 
Farmers' Exchange, and when it was changed 
into the People's Store, in 1900, an incorporated 
organization, he was chosen to act as its presi- 
dent, in which capacity he is leading it onward 
to success. His executive business ability is be- 
yond question and his integrity is established. 
Fraternally he is a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, the Woodmen of the 
World and the Knights of Pythias. 

For a companion and helpmate along the jour- 
ney of life Mr. Peterson chose Leah E. Mets, 
daughter of Timothy Mets, of Mesa. The young 
couple have three sons and a daughter, namely: 
J. Earl, Philip, Edward and Maud. 


A typical New Yorker, Mr. Burbage is also 
a typical westerner, having applied the innate 
adaptability of the eastern-born to the unfolding 
possibilities of Arizona. He was born in New 
York City in 1854, and his young life was sad- 
dened by the loss of his parents when he was 
only seven years of age. The greater part of 
his education was acquired in a Catholic insti- 
tution in Ohio, in which state he grew to man- 
hood and, laid the foundation for a successful 
business career. During 1876 he journeyed to 
the west, and spent some time prospecting in 
Kansas and other sections of the west. In 1878 
he became identified with the company store of 
the Colorado Trading company at Trinidad, 

With the hope of securing a permanent and 
desirable location Mr. Burbage visited New 
Mexico in 1882, and was there employed by a 
mercantile house that had branches in Santa Fe 
and in Albuquerque. A somewhat ambitious 
undertaking was entered upon in 1884, when he 
formed a partnership with J. Q. Adamson and 
Milton Chenowith, and opened a general mer- 
cantile store at Holbrook, Navajo county, Ariz., 
operating the business under the firm title of 
Adamson & Burbage. For five years the firm 
carried on a large and profitable trade, and at 
the expiration of that time sold the business to 
the Arizona Co-operative Mercantile Company. 
The three men then went to Los Angeles, Cal., 
and embarked in a wholesale meat business. 

While living in Ohio Mr. Burbage had de- 
cided to devote his life to the practice of the 
law and for about two years studied in 
furtherance of that intention. For two terms he 
was a student in Hiram college, the alma mater 
of President James Garfield. Other oppor- 
tunities for making a livelihood temporarily in- 
terfered with the carrying out of his original 
plan, and it was not until he settled in Los 
Angeles that he was able to give much time to 
his law studies. While still in the meat busi- 
ness he spent his leisure hours in study and in 
April, 1893, was admitted to practice in the 
supreme court of California. 

During that same year of 1893 Mr. Burbage 
opened an office in Winslow, Ariz., and the fol- 
lowing year was elected district attorney for 
Apache county. In 1896 he was elected to the 
same position in Navajo county, which office he 
still retains, having been re-elected in 1898 and 
1900. In addition to his general practice he is 
local attorney for the Santa Fe Railroad Com- 
pany at Winslow. In 1895 he formed a partner- 
ship with F. W. Nelson in the real estate and 
fire insurance business, and the firm now repre- 
sents twenty-one of the best British and Amer- 
ican insurance companies. In July of 1900 he 
became one of the organizers and was chosen 
president of the Navajo County Bank, of which 
F. W. Nelson is vice president and George Lane 
cashier. In the fall of 1900 he aided in organ- 
izing the Gallup Oil company, of which he was 
chosen president. The company are operating 
in the oil fields at Gallup, Bernalillo county, 
N. M., and entertain justifiably bright expecta- 
tions regarding the future output. Mr. Burbage 
owns a large amount of real estate in the resi- 
dence and business sections of Winslow, and 
success has attended his varied ventures in the 
fields of activity represented in the county. 

Fraternally Mr. Burbage is associated with 
the Masons, being a Knight Templar and a 
member of Albuquerque Temple, N. M. S. In 
the local lodge of the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks he is the present exalted ruler. 
He has always been firmly devoted to the princi- 
ples of Democracy. In 1896 he represented 
Arizona as a delegate to the national convention 
in St. Louis, which nominated W. J. Bryan for 
the presidency. From 1896 to 1900 he also rep- 



resented Arizona on the national Democratic 


Though comparatively speaking a new-comer 
to Nogales, Mr. Overton, the present mayor 
of the town, has so practically and substantially 
become identified with the various and upbuild- 
ing enterprises here represented as to seem an 
integral part of the prevailing prosperity. Ar- 
riving here in 1895 as the head of the Wells- 
Fargo Express Company's interests, and with 
an already acquired reputation as an astute and 
far-sighted politician his claims for further rec- 
ognition were soon substantiated by his election 
in 1897 as mayor of the city. So satisfactory 
were his services that his re-election followed in 
1899, and he is now serving his second term as 
chief executive. The position is merely hon- 
orary, and a term covers two years. During his 
service Mr. Overton has had ample opportunity 
to justify his Democratic constituents in placing 
him in office, and it was through his personal 
efforts that the boundary question was so ami- 
cably and satisfactorily adjusted. His adminis- 
tration, though bitterly contested by his Repub- 
lican opponents, is well received throughout, and 
is admitted to be wisely and conscientiously 

Having been born in the far west, Mr. Over- 
ton is thoroughly familiar with the conditions 
existing here and in California, where he was 
born in Nevada county, May 26, 1854. In 1873 
he entered the employ of the Wells-Fargo Ex- 
press Company at San Francisco, and served in 
different towns along the coast until his transfer 
to Tucson in 1885. In Tucson he attained to an 
enviable degree of prominence, particularly 
along political lines, and in 1890 was elected city 
treasurer, serving in that capacity for one term. 
In 1892 he was elected treasurer of Pima county, 
and filled the position for one term. 

Upon coming to Nogales Mr. Overton had 
twelve men under him in the management of the 
express company's interests, and the business 
is still conducted under the same capable guid- 
ance. Added to the many advantages which he 
has gained from the town of his adoption may be 
mentioned prominently the patent which he 

helped to secure in 1898, to the town site of 
Nogales, and his appointment as trustee, to issue 
patents to lot owners within the city limits. His 
prosperity, public-spiritedness, and faith in the 
continued well being of Nogales was evinced 
in 1897, when he erected one of the finest resi- 
dences in the place, which for excellence of sit- 
uation on the western heights of the city is un- 
rivalled, and commands a fine view of Nogales, 
Ariz., and Nogales, Mexico. This charming and 
hospitable home is presided over by Mrs. Over- 
ton, who was, before her marriage, Miss M. Soto, 
of Tucson. In addition, Mr. Overton is the pos- 
sessor of valuable mining interests in the Pata- 
gonia mining district, and of real-estate in the 
city which numbers him among her most liberal 
minded, large hearted and enterpiising citizens. 


The mayor of the enterprising town of 
Thatcher, Mr. Johnson, also stands high in the 
Giurch of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints, 
having been bishop of St. David ward for two 
years, and for twelve years having been 
first counselor to President Layton and for the 
past four years to President Kimball, the well 
known leader of ecclesiastical affairs in this sec- 
tion of Arizona. From his early manhood Mr. 
Johnson has been a great worker in the interests 
of his church, and is accordingly held in high re- 
gard by those in authority as well as by the lay- 
members. Approaching the age of three-score 
and ten, his counsel is received with due rever- 
ence, and the younger members of the flock 
consult him in the multitude of matters engross- 
ing their attention, and it may here be said that 
when they adhere to his advice success usually 
crowns their labors. 

William D. Johnson was born in Haddam, 
Middlesex county, Conn., in 1833, in the same 
house in which his father and paternal grand- 
father had been 'born. His parents, Lorenzo and 
Mary (Lyman) Johnson, came of old New Eng- 
land families, the mother being a native of Ver- 
mont. When about a year old, William D. was 
taken to Detroit, Mich., where he resided until 
February, 1846, when the family joined the Mor- 
mons. Thenceforth they shared the fortunes of 
that people, passed through the troubles at Nau- 



voo. 111., the Black Hawk war, the Walker war 
in 1853 and the Tintic war in Utah in 1856. For 
fifteen years the young man was an Indian scout, 
and had many a thrilling experience with the red- 
skins. Until twenty-one years ago he dwelt in 

Since 1880 W. D. Johnson has been a citizen 
of Arizona, and here, as formerly, plied his trade 
as a carpenter for years. In addition to this, he 
has devoted considerable time to farming, and 
his homestead, a place of one hundred acres, is 
a model country-seat. He also owns two other 
farms, all located in the fertile Gila valley, and 
all well irrigated, save a tract of forty acres. 
His first settlement in this territory was in Pima 
county, after which he dwelt in Cochise county 
for two years, then coming to Graham county, 
in whose future he has been confident since first 
beholding it. 

In numerous local enterprises Mr. Johnson 
has contributed his full share. After the erection 
of Graham county he held the office of justice 
of the peace, being the first man elected to that 
office, and in 1887-8 acted as county assessor of 
this county. He uses his franchise in favor of 
the nominees of the Democratic party. The af- 
fairs of the church to which he belongs are pros- 
pering in this locality, and the substantial brick 
house of worship and the handsome academy 
at Thatcher (erected at a cost of over $5,000) 
speak in flattering terms of the enterprise and 
devotion of the Latter-day Saints to denomina- 
tional work hereabouts. 

In 1855 Mr. Johnson married Caroline L. 
Wild, daughter of Horace Wild, and a native of 
New York state, where her birth occurred in 
1838. Julia, eldest daughter of this worthy 
couple, is the wife of John Daley, of Thatcher. 
Ella is Mrs. John Birdno, of Safford. Horace L., 
an energetic farmer, now manages his father's 
homestead, assisted by David C., the youngest 
of the family. Sarah V. is the wife of M. H. 
Merrill, of Thatcher. 


While holding the highest municipal office 
within the gift of the people of Tempe, Mr. 
Knight has repeatedly demonstrated worthiness 
to be chosen mayor of this busy and promising 

town. Under his administration the affairs of 
Tempe have undergone radical changes for the 
better, and the confidence imposed in the chief 
magistrate has greatly aided in the carrying out 
of his progressive and enterprising ideas. Mr. 
Knight is now serving his third term as mayor. 

Many of the subjects of Great Britain have 
brought their strong and substantial national 
characteristics to bear upon the development of 
the Salt River valley, and here, as elsewhere, 
have been identified with the most advanced 
efforts for improvement. A native of county 
Cornwall, England, Mr. Knight was born Octo- 
ber -5, 1852, and is a son of English parents. 
Thomas and Mary A. (Bullock) Knight. On 
his father's farm in Cornwall he received an ex- 
cellent home training, and availed himself of the 
advantages of the public schools. As time went 
on he received considerable business experience, 
and was thus well fitted for the responsibilities 
of life. He was an ambitious lad, and thought 
to better his prospects in life by emigrating to 
the United States in 1878, at which time he came 
directly to the west, and was for a time engaged 
in mining in Amador county, Cal. He later 
continued to mine in San Diego county, Cal., 
and in 1880 engaged in mining in Arizona at 
the Silver King mine in Pinal county, where he 
remained for about twelve years. While at Sil- 
ver King he anticipated the requirements of the 
settlement by starting a general merchandise 
store, and became prominent in the affairs of 
the locality. For a time also he served as post- 
master of the place. 

In the spring of 1893 Mr. Knight came to 
Tempe, and has since been engaged in the mer- 
cantile business with gratifying success. From 
a comparatively small beginning the business 
has grown in proportion to the increase in pop- 
ulation and consequent demand, until it is now 
conducted on a large scale. While living in 
England, Mr. Knight married Emma Bray, and 
of this union there are four children, William G., 
Elfrida, Ethel, and Ermine. A second marriage 
was contracted by Mr. Knight in Tempe, and of 
the union with Nannie Brown there is one 
daughter, Alice E. Mr. Knight is a Republican 
in national politics, and is fraternally associated 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
the Woodmen of the World, and the Ancient 



Order of United Workmen. He is one of the 
citizens who has been instrumental in bringing 
about the present prosperity, and is appreciated 
for his many excellent traits of mind, character, 
and attainment. 


The chief executive of the prosperous little 
town of Winslow is entitled to an unlimited 
amount of credit for the success which he has 
made of his life. From his twelfth year he has 
faced the problem of self-support, the beginning 
of many trials and discouragements being his 
invasion of the fascinating possibilities of a run- 
away life with Forepaugh's circus. He was born 
in Knoxville, Ohio, in 1856, and during his 
young boyhood saw considerable of the middle 
west and south. Though industrious and ear- 
nest people, his parents were unable to furnish 
their son with the wherewithal to start in life, 
and this, and the love of adventure, inspired an 
early departure from the family hearthstone. 

When arrived at years of discretion, and an 
appreciation of the advantage of learning a 
trade, Mr. Flinn became a machinist and engi- 
neer at Columbus, Ohio, and in 1876 went to 
New Orleans, where he was employed as ma- 
chinist for the New Orleans & Jackson & 
Great Northern Railroad. Four years later he 
joined the forces of the Atlantic & Pacific Rail- 
road Company at Albuquerque, N. M., and be- 
came an engineer on that road, taking out one 
of their first engines. His route lay between 
Albuquerque and Gallup, a distance of one hun- 
dred miles. In March of 1881 he embarked in 
the mercantile business at Coolidge, N. M., and 
continued the enterprise until 1886, when he 
located in Winslow. Here he continued his 
former occupation, but in 1895 met with una- 
voidable reverses and wisely disposed of his 

Including and between 1895 and 1898 Mr. 
Flirin acted as postmaster at Winslow, and then 
started the gent's furnishing store which has 
since been successfully conducted. The store 
is the largest of its kind in the town, and is doing 
a large business on Railroad avenue. The pros- 
perous owner has come into the possession of 
some real-estate in the place, and owns three 

business houses and two dwellings. His pres- 
ent responsible position as mayor of the city is 
due to his stanch upholding of the principles of 
the Democratic party. In local politics espe- 
cially he has been very active, and has invariably 
worked for the best interests of his town and 
county. He was elected to the sixteenth legis- 
lature, and was chosen mayor of Winslow in 
1900. He has served as a delegate to the terri- 
torial conventions, and has been justice of the 
peace and notary public for several years. Fra- 
ternally he is associated with the local lodge of 
Masons, and has been an Odd Fellow for twenty- 
four years. 


Though now enjoying a well-earned respite 
from active business affairs, Mr. Parker has in 
the past represented the soundest commercial 
and other undertakings of Prescott and vicinity. 
A native of Lempster, Sullivan county, N. H., 
he was born October 30, 1822, and is a son of 
George Parker, who was born in Chester, Vt., 
in 1796. The elder Parker was a cabinetmaker 
by trade, which he followed in Lempster, N. H., 
until 1826, when he located in Ware, Hampshire 
county, Mass., where he was foreman in Wol- 
cott's machine shop until 1828. He then settled 
in Ohio, and at Burton, Geauga county, engaged 
as a millwright until his death, January 30, 1863. 
His wife, formerly Rockset Hendee, was born in 
Westminster, Vt., March 7, 1795, and died in 
Ohio March 29, 1848. She was the mother of 
seven children, of whom George Riley is third 
oldest. Cynthia died in Ohio; Roxana is living 
in Oregon; Judith Ann died in Ohio; an infant 
died in Ware, Mass.; William Hendee died at 
the age of twenty-one ; and Charlotte A. died in 

The early life of George Riley Parker was spent 
in Ohio, in Geauga, Columbia and Stark coun- 
ties, where he received a good home training, 
and was educated in the public schools at Bur- 
ton. As a means to future independence he 
learned the trade of miller at Rochester, Ohio, 
and subsequently worked at the same in Stark 
and Columbia counties for seventeen years. In 
1851 he removed to Pittsburg, Ind., and until 
1854 engaged in the livery business, when he 



started with teams and crossed Minnesota, Illi- 
nois, and Wisconsin, and the Mississippi at La- 
Crosse, where he bought one hundred and sixty 
acres of oak lands at the openings and farmed 
the same until 1861. 

Having returned to Minerva, Stark county, 
Ohio, Mr. Parker enlisted in May of 1864 in 
Company A, One Hundred and Forty-third 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served until the 
mustering out of the regiment in November of 
1864. He was in the front ranks at Peters- 
burg, but was neither wounded, imprisoned, nor 
ill during the service. In 1865 he settled in 
Rushford, Minn., and after contracting and 
building for four years became superintendent 
of the Rushford lumber yard. In 1873 he sought 
the larger possibilities of the west, and after a 
sojourn of a year in Denver, Colo., visited Los 
Angeles and San Bernardino, Cal. Unwilling to 
make any of these places a permanent place of 
residence, he came to Arizona in 1876, locating 
in Prescott, where he started a lumber yard in 
partnership with his son, Frank. In connection 
therewith he purchased a saw-mill nine miles 
from the city, which was removed in 1881 to near 
Belmont, on the newly surveyed line of the At- 
lantic & Pacific Railroad. For two years he con- 
tracted for the railroad, and was then obliged, 
owing to an increase of business, to start another 
mill, the two being then run until 1886, when 
the milling interests were disposed of. 

A later venture of Mr. Parker's -was the cattle 
business, in which he engaged in the People's 
valley, Yavapai county, about thirty miles from 
Prescott. His ranch comprised nine hundred 
and twenty acres, and has recently been disposed 
of, after several years of successful general farm- 
ing and stock-raising. In the meantime Mr. 
Parker has invested heavily in real-estate in 
the residence and business districts of Prescott, 
and has erected for himself and family one of 
the fine residences in the town. 

In Stark county, Ohio, Mr. Parker married 
Emma Loos, who was born in France and died 
in Prescott. Her children were named as fol- 
lows: Permelia, the wife of J. F. Reppy, resid- 
ing in Clinton, Iowa; Caroline, wife of B. C. 
Knapp and a resident of Murfreesboro, Tenn.; 
Emma, who died at the age of two years; George, 
who died when two years old; Frank, who was 

a resident of Los Angeles, Cal., and died De- 
cember 28, 1900; Henriette, who is the wife 
of Coles A. Bashford, of Los Angeles, Cal.; and 
Charles, who is married and resides in Prescott. 
Mr. Parker contracted a second marriage in 
California with Mrs. A. A. Furbish, who was born 
in Lowell, Mass., and is a member of the Con- 
gregational Church. Mr. Parker has always 
been affiliated with the Republican party, and 
is fraternally associated with the Rushford 
Lodge of Masons, and was connected with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Ohio. 


During the period of his -residence in Globe, 
which extended over more than twenty years, 
Mr. Pascoe was intimately identified with the 
development of this great mining settlement, and 
did much to bring it into a condition of law 
and order. Few in this part of Arizona were 
more familiar than he with the unruly, rough 
and lawless element that mingled with the legiti- 
mate miners during the early days of Globe's 
history. Too much cannot be said in praise of 
the work that he accomplished in enforcing 
order. Sharing the hardships of frontier life and 
days, it was also his privilege to live to enjoy 
a well-deserved prosperity, which represented 
the result of years of tireless industry on his 

Though born in England in 1838, Mr. Pascoe 
had but a dim remembrance of his native land, 
having been brought to the United States by 
his parents when he was very young. During 
1878 he settled permanently in Globe. At the 
time he was not unfamiliar with Arizona, having 
enlisted in the First California Cavalry, March 
9, 1863, as the company was about to leave San 
Francisco, and for the following two years he 
was stationed at Forts Goodwin and McDowell. 
On coming to Globe he was for a short time 
employed at driving ox-teams in the mountains 
of this vicinity. Subsequently he managed a 
hotel for a time. Next he became a night 
watchman for Globe, which position in those 
days required iron nerve and fearlessness. 
Under his jurisdiction were some of the toughest 
and most lawless scamps that ever invaded a 
mining camp, and his work was therefore 



extremely difficult and dangerous, but he so 
managed things that at no time was he obliged 
to terminate any one's life. His success in the 
position was so great that he was made a United 
States marshal in 1881, which position he held 
for four years, and in 1882 he was elected sheriff 
of Gila county. In his dealings with Indians 
he was particularly successful, his relations with 
them being most friendly, and during his last 
term as sheriff he had an Apache deputy under 

On leaving the office of sheriff, Mr. Pascoe 
engaged in the lumber business, and continued 
the same until 1898, when he bought a livery 
business. Besides carrying on this enterprise, 
he ran the transfer to the depot, and had a large 
trade in hay and grain. His corral covered an 
area 100x150 feet, and included a house and 
necessary equipments. March 20, 1901, Mr. 
Pascoe sold out to Thompson & Barclay, and 
afterward he devoted his time principally to the 
management of his lumber business at Safford, 
Graham county, until his death, which occurred 
at Safford May 20, 1901. His body was brought 
to Globe for interment. 

In national politics Mr. Pascoe was a Demo- 
crat in later years, but in earlier life a Repub- 
lican. When running for sheriff, the opposing 
candidate for three successive elections was 
William Lawlor, who once defeated Mr. Pascoe 
by three votes, but the next time Mr. Pascoe 
defeated him by eleven votes, and the third time 
by twenty-three votes. In 1896 he was elected 
supervisor, but resigned the position. Frater- 
nally he was a Mason, having joined that order 
at Omega, Nevada county, Cal., and he was a 
charter member of the blue lodge at Globe. 


One of the leading pioneers of the Salt River 
valley is the subject of this article, who for 
twenty-two years has been actively engaged in 
the great work of reclaiming this portion of the 
"arid zone," once a veritable desert. 

Morris Phelps, father of our subject, was 
born in Northampton, N. Y., and was one of 
the pioneers of Illinois, for he erected the third 
log cabin on the site of the present great western 
metropolis, Chicago. For a short time after- 

wards he lived in Missouri, but was expelled 
from Independence with the Mormon church 
and went to Hancock county, 111., in the days 
of its infancy. There Hiram S. Phelps was born 
to himself and wife February 26, 1846. The mo- 
ther was a native of New York state, and prior to 
her marriage was Miss Sarah Thompson. When 
the infant was a few months old he was taken 
to Iowa, his family having been driven out of 
Illinois, on account of the troubles occasioned 
by the intoleration of religious belief of the 
Phelps family and many of their neighbors. 
When he "was four years old our subject re- 
moved to Utah county, Utah, with his parents, 
and from 1864 to 1878 lived in Montpelier, 
Idaho. His father, who departed this life in 
that state, was a prominent member of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints, 
and did a great deal of missionary work, being 
looked up to and honored in his denomination. 

Reared to the practical duties of life, Hiram 
S. Phelps became a thorough agriculturist and 
business man ere he attained his majority, and 
has steadily forged ahead, gradually amassing 
a competence. He now owns one hundred acres, 
which are finely improved and very productive. 
His success as a business man is well known, 
and at present he is a director in the Tempe- 
Mesa Produce Company, in the Mesa Milling 
Company and in the Queen Creek Agricultural 
Experiment Company, and hitherto has been a 
director in the Mesa Canal Company, and in the 
Zenos Co-operative Mercantile and Manufac- 
turing Institution at Mesa, all of which are flour- 
ishing enterprises. In politics he is independent. 

In tracing the ancestry of H. S. Phelps it is 
learned that he is a descendant of one of the 
first pioneer families of Connecticut. His an- 
cestor, William Phelps, a native of England, 
crossed the Atlantic on the ship "Mary John," 
and was one of the colonists who settled at 
Windsor, Conn., in 1630. Doubtless the pioneer 
virtues the ability to cope with primitive Na- 
ture and to conquer the obstacles set in his path- 
way were inherited by Hiram S. Phelps, who 
stands well in his community and is a faithful 
exponent of the Church of Jesus Christ of the 
Latter-day Saints, being ,a member of the high 
council of the Maricopa stake of Mesa. So 
thoroughly devoted to his religious belief has 



Mr. Phelps always been that he was one of 
seven Mormons who, in 1885, were convicted 
in the United States court at Phoenix on account 
of his marriage relations, and was sentenced to 
imprisonment in the penitentiary at Yuma, 
where he served three months. Those who 
served with him were A. P. Spillsbery, George 
T. Wilson, Charles I. Robson, Oscar M. Stew- 
art, James Wilson and Edmund Ellsworth, all 
from Maricopa county. 


The name of Charles T. Martin, clerk of the 
district court, and a resident of Globe, is insep- 
arably associated with the best efforts for the 
continued prosperity and improvement of one 
of the 'most interesting mining centers in the 
silver and copper regions. A native of Mason 
county, Tex., he was born in 1854, and his 
youth up to fifteen years of age was spent amid 
the surroundings of his southern home. Of 
German descent, he is a son of Louis and Eliza- 
beth Martin, who were born in Germany, and 
who, upon emigrating to the United States, set- 
tled in the then wild and uncultivated wilderness 
of Texas. In search of an independent livelihood 
their son started out in the world and lived for 
four years in New York City, at the end of that 
time associating his fortunes with the mining 
section of New Mexico, settling in 1873 at Fort 
Bayard, in the vicinity of Silver City. After 
clerking for four years in Silver City Mr. Martin 
came to Arizona, and located at McMillen, Gila 
county, where he engaged in the merchandise 
business in partnership with John A. Miller, and 
after two years took up his permanent residence 
in Globe. 

While Mr. Martin is appreciated for his many 
excellent traits of citizenship, it is perhaps as a 
politician of broad and comprehensive views 
that he will be best remembered, for in this con- 
nection his ability has found most congenial 
scope. His popularity and hold upon the confi- 
dence of the people is best evinced in connection 
with the office of county recorder, which, as a 
Republican, he held in a Democratic community 
for ten years. Two years after relinquishing the 
office of recorder he was appointed district clerk 
in 1897, by Judge Doan of Florence, to accept 

which position he resigned as a supervisor of 
the county. 

Like the majority in Globe, Mr. Martin is in- 
terested in mining, and has several prospects and 
claims in the Globe mining district. In the city 
he has been identified with many forward move- 
ments, not the least of which is his present un- 
dertaking in connection with establishing a 
water-works system for the town, in which 
Thomas A. Pascoe and R. C. Brown are also 
interested. In this connection a well has been 
sunk, and water was turned into the mains about 
March i, 1901. 

In 1890 Mr. Martin was united in marriage 
with Sarah Eaton, of Ashtabula, Ohio, and of 
this union there is one child, Louis. Mr. Martin 
is fraternally associated with the Masons, Lodge 
No. 3, at Globe, and is a charter member of the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen and the 
Woodmen of the World, in his adopted town. 


Now a successful mine owner in the Dragoon 
mountains, Amos H. Wien was born in Berks 
county, Pa., May 27, 1850. He was reared to 
agricultural pursuits in the state of William 
Penn, and received the education of the public 
schools. Upon enlisting as a musician in the 
Sixth Cavalry of the United States army in 1872, 
he accompanied his regiment to Fort Riley, 
Kans., where they remained about six months, 
and then were stationed at Fort Hayes, Kans., 
for two years, but in July, 1876, were transferred 
to Fort Lowell, near Tucson, Ariz.; and after 
a year were sent to Fort Grant, Ariz. He served 
for five years, being discharged December 12, 

After leaving the army Mr. Wien turned his 
attention to the management of a ranch in Pima 
county, and had a government contract for hay, 
wood, etc., subsequently engaging in freighting 
in the southern part of the territory. At the 
same time he dealt extensively in cattle and 
horses, making, however, a specialty of horses. 
About ten years ago he came to Russellville, 
which is located four and one-half miles north 
of Dragoon Station, on the Southern Pacific 
Railroad, at the foot of the Little Dragoon 
mountains. Ever since he has been interested 



in copper and silver mining. At the present 
time he owns the Blue Bell group and Copper 
Chief group, the two consisting of eleven claims, 
besides two iron claims, and three copper claims. 
He is also the possessor of five Wolframite 
claims, which ore is practically a new discovery 
in Arizona, and bids fair to be of great value 
and utility. Although still interested in stock 
and horses, he owns at the present time but a 
small ranch, devoting the greater part of his 
time to mines and mining. 

May 6, 1875, Mr. Wien married Charlotte 
Reanor, of Kansas, and of this union there were 
born eleven children, namely : Herbert, who, 
November 6, 1900, was elected justice of the 
peace of District No. 9 and is a prominent 
Mason, having attained the degree of Knight 
Templar ; Mortimer, who is a mine owner ; 
Percy, who died when eight years of age ; 
Charles A., who is a mine owner ; Jess, who is 
managing a ranch ; Gertie, Parthene, Theresa, 
Rena, Bertie and August. The children are liv- 
ing at home with their parents. In politics Mr. 
Wien is a Democrat, but has never sought 
official recognition. Fraternally he is associated 
with the Masonic lodge at Willcox, and is also 
a member of the Royal Arch Chapter at Tomb- 


This pioneer mining operator and discoverer 
of valuable mines in Arizona, now residing on 
Lynx creek, about fourteen miles from Prescott, 
is a native of Lewistown, Pa., where his birth oc- 
curred January 25, 1839. His parents, Robert 
and Rebecca (Johnson) Milliken, were of the 
sterling old Scotch Presbyterian stock, and were 
natives of the Keystone state. Daniel Milliken, 
the paternal grandfather of our subject, and 
Rev. James Johnson, his maternal grandsire, 
were early settlers of central Pennsylvania. 

Having obtained a common school education, 
J. J. Milliken came to the west in 1861, proceed- 
ing via the Isthmus of Panama, and thence to 
San Francisco and to Nevada county, Cal., 
where he had his initial experience in mining. 
In the spring of 1863 he went to Virginia City, 
Nev., and during the next five years gave his 
attention to the cattle business, also doing a lit- 

tle mining and prospecting, in 1864 locating 
the Carrico mine, near Austin, Nev. From 
1866 to 1878 he carried on agricultural pursuits 
in Sonoma county, Cal., making a fair success 
of the enterprise. 

Coming to Yavapai county twenty-three years 
ago, our subject took up his residence about one 
mile from the present town of Jerome, and soon 
located the famous Walnut Spring, which now 
furnishes an ample supply of water for the 
smelter at Jerome. In 1879 he came to the Lynx 
.creek district and that year located the Ora 
Platte mine, now owned by the Montgomery 
Gold Mining Company. He also did some placer 
mining, and in 1880 located the Kishacoquillas 
mine, which he sold to New York capitalists, 
and also discovered and laid claim to the fine 
Mifflin group, which includes four mines, the 
Mifflin, the Selano, the Water Gulch and the 
Borrow, which he still owns. These mines, 
which produce a gold ore of a free milling na- 
ture, yield about $10 to the ton. In 1894 he 
discovered and since has developed the Home- 
stead mine, the shaft of which is one hundred 
and eight feet deep. In connection with it he 
owns and operates a five-stamp mill, and has 
taken out about $15,000 in gold, the ore aver- 
aging nearly $30 per ton, there being a small 
showing of silver also. In addition to these, Mr. 
Milliken has owned the Golden Fleece mine 
No. 2 and No. 3, extensions of the famous Mud- 
Hole mine; that group he sold in 1898. For 
twenty-two years he was constantly in the moun- 
tains, suffering all of the vicissitudes common 
to the miner, and during that period discovered 
the above-mentioned mines. Strict attention to 
business and an exceptionally fine power of dis- 
crimination between ores of much or little value 
have led to his financial prosperity. Politically 
he has always been a Republican. 

It was in the hopes of benefiting his wife's 
health more than for any other reason that Mr. 
Milliken removed to Arizona. January i, 1872, 
he married Mary A., daughter of Albert Foster. 
He was born in Germany and was one of the 
"forty-niners" in California. His death took 
place in Santa Cruz county, Cal., where for 
five years, or until 1854, he had been employed 
at his trade that of a shoemaker and also 
had carried on a ranch. In his native land he 



had married Antonia Fuller, who continued to 
live on the Santa Cruz ranch until she was sum- 
moned to the better land, in 1871. Mrs. Milli- 
ken, who was the youngest of ten brothers and 
sisters, was the second white child born in Santa 
Cruz county, Cal., her nativity occurring in 1852. 
The only son of our subject and wife is J. A., 
who married Miss Millie Subers, and lives near 
his father. Rhoda, wife of A. H. Mitchell, and 
Nellie, who is at home, complete the family. 
The latter holds a diploma from St. Joseph's 
Academy of Prescott and from Woodbury's 
Business College of Los Angeles, Cal. 

Through his service as clerk of the board of 
supervisors of Cochise county, as well as his 
activity as a Democratic politician, and an enter- 
prising citizen of Tombstone, Mr. Duncan is 
well known in his county. He was born in Phil- 
adelphia, Pa., June 15, 1839. His father, John 
Duncan, was a native of New York, and with his 
brother, Tom, constructed in 1842 the Globe 
mills of Philadelphia, where he died the follow- 
ing year. Up to the age of twelve years James 
F. Duncan remained in Philadelphia and at- 
tended the public schools there. In 1854 he went 
to Mount Union, where he learned the black- 
smith's trade. In 1861 he was sent by his em- 
ployer, Abram Lewis, to the oil regions near 
the present site of Rouseville, in order to look 
after the oil interests owned by Mr. Lewis there. 
At the outbreak of the Civil war he returned to 
Mount Union and there, August 10, 1861, he en- 
listed in Company A, Forty-sixth Pennsylvania 
Infantry. For four years he served his country 
at the front. Attached to General Banks' divi- 
sion, he was for a time in the Shenandoah valley; 
after the second battle of Bull Run he was with 
the army of the Potomac. After the battle of 
Gettysburg they were sent west to re-enforce 
Rosecrans, and he was with Sherman in the At- 
lanta campaign and the march to the sea. In 
November of 1862 he was made commissary ser- 
geant, after which he served in the commissary 
department until March 5, 1864. He was then 
commissioned regimental quartermaster ser- 
geant and remained in that capacity until the 
close of the war. July 31, 1865, he was honor- 
ably discharged at Harrisburg, Pa. 

With the restoration of peace Mr. Duncan 
returned to the pursuits of civic life. For the 
following eighteen months he engaged in a mer- 
cantile business at Atkinson Mills, Pa., after 
which for twelve years he worked in the Penn- 
sylvania oil regions, operating around Foster, 
Emlenton, Parker City and St. Petersburg, . 
Clarion county, where he owned many good 
wells, besides having interests in others. The 
last well that came into his possession was on 
the property of Marcus Huling, the father of 
Gen. Willis Huling. In 1879 Mr. Duncan re- 
moved to the west, intending to locate at Lead- 
ville, Colo., but he was unable to stand the high 
altitude, and so was obliged to *eek a different 

Lured by the prospects for mining in Arizona, 
he came to Tombstone. Soon he went into the 
Mule mountains to the location where Bisbee 
now stands. Satisfied with the prospects of that 
rich country, he finally made his home there, 
and, with others of an equally courageous and 
hopeful mind, passed his days and nights in the 
rapidly growing, but orderly and progressive, 
camp. As the many admirable and substantial 
traits of character to which he is heir became 
known and appreciated, he was induced to take 
a prominent part in the development of the town, 
and in politics and municipal government be- 
came a ruling influence. As the first justice of 
the peace appointed in Bisbee he served during 
1880, and so satisfactory was his official work 
that he was re-elected, receiving seventy-nine 
out of eighty votes cast, he himself voting for his 
opponent. In November of 1882 he was elected 
to the twelfth territorial legislature from Cochise 
county, and in 1883 was appointed justice of the 
peace, which office he has filled three terms alto- 

The association of Mr. Duncan with Tomb- 
stone as a permanent resident began in 1890, at 
which time he did a little prospecting. In 1892 
he again entered the arena of politics as justice 
of the peace of Tombstone, serving until Janu- 
ary, 1895, at which time he was made court com- 
missioner for the first judicial district, and United 
States court commissioner. In 1896 he was again 
elected justice of the peace, also councilman for 
the first ward, and served as clerk of the council. 
During the last Feven months of his term he 



acted as city treasurer. In 1898 he became clerk 
of the county board of supervisors, and in Janu- 
ary, 1901, was reappointed to the office, which 
he now satisfactorily fills. A remarkable show- 
ing is the fact that during the year 1898 he held 
ten different positions in city and county at the 
same time. Among the offices he has held are 
the following: councilman of first ward, Tomb- 
stone; city clerk; city treasurer; justice of the 
peace; clerk of the board of supervisors of Co- 
chise county; deputy clerk of the district court; 
court commissioner of first judicial district; 
United States commissioner; notary public, ex- 
officio city recorder, ex-officio coroner, and ex- 
officio high sheriff of Cochise county. 

Fraternally Mr. Duncan is a member of King 
Solomon Lodge No. 5, F. & A. M., and Cochise 
Chapter No. 4, R. A. M. He is the owner of a 
comfortable residence in Tombstone. In 1871 
he was united in marriage with Mary E. Mini- 
ger, who died at Westfield, N. Y., October 3, 
1882, leaving one son, Lemuel D. Duncan, who 
at this time is serving the government in the 


Nearly half a century has been spent by E. O. 
Stratton in the west, and his experiences on the 
frontier of civilization were many and varied. 
About half of that time was spent by him in 
San Francisco, which has been developed from 
a tiny hamlet to a proud and commanding city 
within his recollection, and for the past quarter 
of a century he has been actively identified with 
Arizona. Widely and favorably known through- 
out the west and southwest, he is justly entitled 
to a permanent place of honor in its chronicles. 

His parents, John Smith and Cornelia C. (Col- 
vin) Stratton, were natives of Clyde, Wayne 
county, N. Y., and both his grandfather Stratton 
and the maternal grandfather Oliver Colvin 
were farmers and soldiers in the war of 1812. 
The Stratton family was an old and respected 
one in New England. In 1852 John S. Stratton 
went to San Francisco by way of the Isthmus 
of Panama, and for some time thereafter he was 
engaged in mining near Sacramento, Cal. In 
the year after his arrival he was joined by his 
three brothers, James, Abram (who went to San 

Francisco in 1849), and Edwin, and later they 
were prominently associated together in con- 
tracting and building business in San Francisco. 
They were the first to introduce hydraulic power 
in the raising and moving of buildings in that 
city, where they continued in business from 
1849 until recent date. John S., another brother, 
was similarly occupied in Sacramento. Thus 
the Strattons took a very active part in the 
upbuilding of the two great cities of the Pacific 
slope, and when the wonderful task of linking 
the east with the west, by means of the trans- 
continental railroad, was completed by the driv- 
ing of the golden spike the head of the family 
was present at the imposing ceremony. 

The oldest and only living child of John S. 
and Cornelia Stratton is he of whom this sketch 
is penned. Born November i, 1846, at the home 
of his forefathers, in Clyde, N. Y., he was a 
lad of only seven years when, in 1853, ne made 
the eventful long journey to San Francisco, 
crossing the Isthmus of Panama on the backs 
of mules. His education was obtained in the 
common and high schools of the city of the 
Golden Gate, and his preparation for his com- 
mercial career was gained in the Union and the 
Pacific Business College. Having been grad- 
uated in the last-named institution, he became a 
bookkeeper for a firm in Bodega, Sonoma 
county, and after spending five years with that 
house was in business at Freestone, same coun- 
ty, for about a year. In 1871 he went to South 
America, where he had been offered a position 
as bookkeeper, at a large salary, with the Callio, 
Lima & Arroyo Railroad. Not being favorably 
impressed with Peru, he returned to San Fran- 
cisco at the end of a year, and for a like period 
conducted a general merchandise establishment 
in Marin county, Cal. Then he was in part- 
nership with his father in San Francisco until 
the fall of 1875. 

In September of that year Mr. Stratton lo- 
cated at Maricopa Wells, Ariz., as bookkeeper 
for the Overland Stage Company, operated by 
Messrs. Kearns and Mitchell, and later by 
Kearns & Griffith. Early in 1876. when the min- 
ing excitement in Final county was at its height, 
he went to Florence, where he joined in the 
work of prospecting and mining. Not long 
after his arrival he was made under-sheriff of the 



county, and served in that office for two years. 
In May, 1879, he located a ranch in Pima coun- 
ty, on the eastern slope of the Santa Catalina 
mountains, where an abundance of running wa- 
ter renders the property valuable. From that 
time to the present he has successfully carried 
on the business of raising cattle, and his brand 
(an "S" with a crescent placed above it) is well 
known. In partnership with Royal A. Johnson, 
he purchased the herd of cattle owned by Daniel 
Murphy the first thoroughbred cattle intro- 
duced in southern Arizona. Individually, Mr. 
Stratton located another ranch on the San Pedro 
river, in Final county, and there, rlso, raised 
cattle. Much of his attention for a number of 
years has been given to mining enterprises ; the 
old Apache Group were opened by him, and 
at the present time he owns the Bornite Group 
mines, where he has ten claims, a fine quality of 
copper, with some gold and silver, being pro- 
duced here. Since 1897 he has bought and 
shipped cattle on the commission basis exten- 
sively, and now gives most of his time to mining 

While living in Final county, Mr. Stratton 
was elected and served as county supervisor 
for two years, being chairman of the board, and 
in the fall of 1894 was elected to the responsible 
post of county treasurer, in which capacity he 
acted two years. In the Republican party he 
has been an effective worker, and in 1898, a few 
months after his removal to Tucson, he was 
made secretary of the Pima county central com- 
mittee, in which position he officiated from 1898 
to 1900. He also is an ex-member of the terri- 
torial Republican committee. That he is con- 
sidered an authority on matters relating to cattle 
was shown when Governor McCord appointed 
him to serve on the live stock sanitary board of 
Arizona, and of that body he was chosen chair- 
man. In the course of his varied duties he com- 
piled and registered all of the marks used in 
branding live stock in Arizona, transferring the 
records of the same from the different county 
records to the general territorial book of brands, 
duly indexing them. He also was the prime 
mover in the establishment of the present effi- 
cient system of placing tags on hides at ship- 
ment for the adequate protection of cattlemen. 

December 15, 1870, the marriage of Mr. Strat- 

ton and Miss Carrie C. Ames, a native of Barn- 
stable, Mass., was celebrated in Cotuit, Mass. 
The first born child of this estimable couple is 
Mabel, wife of Thomas F. Jones, of Helvetia, 
Ariz. She was born in California, while the 
two younger, Edith O. and Elmer W., are na- 
tives of this territory. Miss Stratton, a graduate 
of the Los Angeles (Cal.) Normal, is a suc- 
cessful teacher, and Elmer W. is a student in 
the University of Arizona. 

The parents of Mrs. Stratton are Capt. Sim- 
eon L. and Lucy (Crocker) Ames, like her- 
self, natives of Barnstable, Mass. In fact, her 
paternal ancestors, for several generations, lived 
there, as the town records show. Her great- 
great-grandfather, Thomas Ames, was born 
there, December 30, 1746. His son, Enos, and 
grandson Isaac (the latter her grandfather) also 
were natives of the place. Capt. S. L. Ames, 
who was engaged in a four years' whaling voy- 
age in his early manhood, later was master of 
vessels engaged in the coasting passenger serv- 
ice between Boston and Philadelphia for many 
years. In the spring of 1856 he went to San 
Francisco, accompanied by his wife and two 
children, crossing the Isthmus of Panama on 
the railroad. For the following five years he 
carried on a general mercantile business at 
Michigan Bar, Cal., but the strong ties of as- 
sociation drew him back to the old home in 
Barnstable, and since 1861 he has dwelt there, 
long retired from active cares. His faithful 
wife departed this life in 1892, and only two of 
their children survive, Mrs. Stratton and Mrs. 
Lapham. The wife and mother was a daughter 
of Zenas and Rebecca (Sampson) Crocker, na- 
tives of Barnstable and Kingston, Mass., re- 
spectively. He was a hero of the war of 1812, 
and his wife's father, Col. Crocker Sampson, 
won his title by service in the American war 
for independence. The founder of the Sampson 
family in New England was one Henry Samp- 
son, who, with a sister and Goodman Tilley, 
crossed the ocean in the historic "Mayflower" 
and were pioneers of the Bay state. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stratton are Unitarian in reli- 
gious faith. Both are highly esteemed by all 
who know them, .and now, after several decades 
of pioneer life, with all which the term implies, 
they are reaping the just rewards of labor and 



undaunted courage. In 1900 Mr. Stratton built 
the beautiful modern residence which they oc- 
cupy, at the corner of Fifth avenue and Third 
street, Tucson. Fraternally he was made a Ma- 
son in Bodega (Cal.) Lodge No. 214, F. & A. 
M. He belongs to the Odd Fellows and to the 
Encampment, also to the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, and was one of the origina- 
tors of the Hall Association of the last-named. 


Few men in Arizona are more prominent or 
more widely known than N. A. Morford of 
Phoenix. He has been an important factor in 
both business circles and public affairs, and his 
popularity is well deserved, as in him are em- 
braced the characteristics of an unbending in- 
tegrity, unabated energy and industry that never 
flags. He is public-spirited and thoroughly in- 
terested in whatever tends to promote the moral, 
intellectual and material welfare of either the 
city or territory in which he resides. 

The Judge was born near Greenville, Mercer 
county, Pa., October 22, 1845, an d i g descended 
from a good old Puritan family, which during 
the religious persecutions fled from England 
to Holland and later came to America. His 
paternal great-grandfather was the progenitor 
of the family in this country, and for a time 
made his home in New Jersey, whence he re- 
moved to Pennsylvania. The grandfather, Jo- 
seph Morford, was born in eastern Pennsylvania, 
and became a pioneer of Mercer county, where 
he secured a tract of government land and in 
the midst of the forest developed a farm. He 
married Elizabeth Fell of that state, whose an- 
cestors were also English Quakers and early 
settlers of Pennsylvania, Delaware and New 

Nathan Morford, the Judge's father, was born 
on the same farm where our subject's birth oc- 
curred, and there, he spent his entire life engaged 
in agricultural pursuits, dying at the age of sev- 
enty years. He was a man of prominence in 
his community, and was called upon to hold 
various county offices, and he also served two 
terms in the Pennsylvania legislature. He was 
a strong abolitionist, and was a supporter of the 
Whig and Republican parties. Religiously he 

was a Universalist, and socially was a prominent 
Royal Arch Mason. His widow, who bore the 
maiden name of Mary A. Smith, is still a resi- 
dent of Pennsylvania. She was born on the 
Juniata river in Dauphin county, that state, and 
is a daughter of John and Sarah Stevens- 
Smith, the latter a sister of Thaddeus Stevens. 
Her father was of Pennsylvania Dutch descent. 
Judge Morford is the oldest in a family of three 
children, the others being Ralph D., a graduate 
of the Cleveland Medical College, and now a 
practicing physician of Crawford county, Pa.; 
and Ellen, wife of Henry Ruhlman of Colum- 
biana county, Ohio. 

Judge Morford was reared in his native coun- 
ty and began his education in its district schools, 
later attending Allegheny College for a time. 
In 1868 he went to California on account of his 
health, and while engaged in prospecting and 
mining in the mountains for two years he en- 
tirely recovered. He then attended the California 
Normal School at San Francisco for a time, and 
later engaged in teaching. In January, 1873, he 
entered the University of California at Berkeley, 
where he was graduated in June, 1876, with the 
degree of A. B., and for the following six years 
he again engaged in teaching school in Napa 
county, Cal., being principal of the schools of 
St. Helena, and chairman of the board of edu- 
cation of that county for three years. 

In 1879 Judge Morford first came to Arizona, 
and purchased property in Phoenix, which he 
still owns. The place at that time had only a 
population of 1,200. He did not locate here, how- 
ever, until 1882, when he purchased a half inter- 
est in the Phoenix "Daily Herald," which was 
the first daily established here, it being started 
in February, 1878. In 1883 he became sole 
proprietor of the paper, and made it the leading 
daily journal of Arizona. In 1898 the "Herald" 
Publishing Company was incorporated, and in 
May of the following year the Judge sold his 
interest in the business. Through his paper he 
was the first to advocate the building of a rail- 
road into Phoenix, this being five years before 
the Maricopa & Phoenix road was built from the 
Southern Pacific in 1887. He also advocated 
the construction of the Arizona canal long be- 
fore it was built, and was undoubtedly instru- 
mental in securing this leading waterway for 



the territory. He has championed every move- 
ment which he believed calculated to prove of 
public benefit, and through his paper labored 
untiringly for the removal of the capital to Phoe- 
nix, his efforts being finally successful. He has 
been identified with a number of business en- 
terprises, and has aided in land and mining de- 
velopment in different parts of the territory. 

At St. Helena, Cal., June 7, 1802, Judge Mor- 
ford married Miss Alice M. Jones, a native of 
Knox county, Me., and a lineal descendant of 
Governor Thomas Dudley of Massachusetts. 

As a Republican he has taken an active part 
in political affairs, and has served as alderman 
from the second ward for several years, during 
which time many additions were incorporated 
in the city of Phoenix. He has also been a 
member of the school board several years and 
secretary of the same. In 1892 he was appointed 
secretary of the territory by President Harrison, 
and held that important position until there was 
a change in the administration in 1894. In July, 
1899, he was elected probate judge to fill a va- 
cancy, and in the fall of 1900 was the Repub- 
lican nominee for that office. 

He is a prominent member of the Republican 
Club of Phoenix; has served as chairman of the 
county committee; and was secretary of the 
territorial Republican committee four years. 

The Judge is a member of the Board of Trade, 
of which he has been a director, and a charter 
member of the Maricopa Club, of which he has 
also been a director. In religious belief he is an 
Episcopalian, and is a charter member of Trinity 
Church at Phoenix. He was a member of its 
building committee when the house of worship 
was erected, and has ever since served as ves- 
tryman. He is also secretary of the board of 
trustees of the incorporated church of Arizona, 
and is treasurer of the diocese of Arizona. From 
1892 until 1894 he was a regent of the University 
of Arizona, and is a member of the Alumni As- 
sociation of the University of California, and 
of the Phi Delta Theta Society of that univer- 
sity. In 1890 the Judge was one of the organ- 
izers of the Arizona Press Association, and was 
its first president. He was made a Mason at 
St. Helena, Cal., and is now a member of 
Arizona Lodge, No. i, at Phoenix, of the chap- 
ter at Napa, Cal., and Arizona Commandery, 

No. 3, of Phoenix, in which he is now serving 
as generalissimo, and is a member of El Zaribah 
Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He is 
one of the most prominent Odd Fellows of the 
territory, belonging to the subordinate lodge, 
the encampment, the Rebekah branch and Can- 
ton Arizona, No. I, of that order in Phoenix, 
and has filled all the offices in the same. For 
five years he represented his lodge in the sover- 
eign grand lodge, and the last time at Detroit, 
Mich., received the grand decoration of chivalry. 
He is now serving as deputy grand sire of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows of Arizona. 
His career has ever been such as to warrant the 
trust and confidence reposed in him, and his 
devotion to the public good is unquestioned, 
arising from a sincere interest in the welfare of 
his fellowmen. 


This well-known mining man of Nogales was 
born in Marion county, Va., July 25, 1849, and is 
a son of William F. and Elizabeth (Fleming) 
Hays. They were descendants of pioneer families 
of the Old Dominion west of the Blue Ridge, 
who came from England to the colony of Virginia 
long prior to the Revolutionary war. A genea- 
logy of the Hays family has been compiled, 
extending back more than four hundred years 
and showing that they were prominent both in 
Scotland and England. The grandfather of our 
subject, Henry, came with his father, John Hays, 
to Virginia, and crossing the Blue or Allegheny 
mountains settled on a wild tract of land. Dur- 
ing the first war with England Henry Hays was 
a captain in the regiment commanded by 
Colonel Morgan, and participated in many of 
the sanguinary contests of that memorable 
struggle. During the Mexican war, when at 
a very advanced age, he was an officer under 
General Scott. Politically he was an old-line 
Whig and a warm admirer of Henry Clay. He 
also took part in Indian wars and, as captain of 
a company, captured a band of Indians at San- 
dusky Plains, Ohio, in conjunction with Col. 
Levi Morgan, and on the subsequent signing 
of the treaty of peace delivered the Indians to 
Gen. Anthony Wayne. At the time of his death 
he was one hundred and four years of age, and 



his wife lived to be one hundred and two. They 
reared a family of thirteen children. 

At the opening of the Civil war William F. 
Hays left his plantation and enlisted in the com- 
mand of Stonewall Jackson, with whom he 
served until he was killed at the second battle 
of Bull Run. He was the father of four chil- 
dren. Charles W. Hays was educated in public 
and private schools in Marion county, Va. At 
the age of twelve years he became attached to 
the command of Stonewall Jackson, who was a 
distant relative of the family. He witnessed 
many of the most important battles in which 
Jackson bore a part, and was in that illustrious 
general's tent when his dead body was brought 
in from the field of battle. 

Returning home at the close of the war, soon 
after (1865) Mr. Hays went to Texas, where he 
was employed on a cattle ranch. Later he 
returned to Virginia, but 1878 found him again 
in Texas, where he continued in the cattle busi- 
ness. During 1876 he went to the Black Hills, 
where he prospected and mined, and he has 
since followed the same occupation in Montana, 
Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona and Mexico. 
For eight years he mined at Cripple Creek, 
Colo., where he still owns much valuable prop- 
erty. As a mining operator he has been suc- 
cessful and now owns some of the finest property 
of this kind in Sonora, Mexico. Among miners 
throughout the west he is a recognized authority 
on the subject of mining. 

Since boyhood Mr. Hays has been on the 
frontiers of civilization. As a scout he took 
part in Indian warfare with General Custer, and 
his escape in the massacre was due to the fact 
that he was suffering from a wound and unable 
to take part in the battle. His first Indian fights 
were along Red river in Texas, where he was 
leader of a company of cowboys. The Indians 
were stealing stock whenever opportunity 
afforded, and Mr. Hays with his men, after a 
running fight, rounded up the Indians and 
recovered their stock, driving the red men 
across the river. Among the cowboys Mr. Hays 
was long known as "Wild Jack" Hays. He had 
many hairbreadth escapes and received several 
wounds. An unerring shot, and possessing 
great bravery, he was exactly the kind of man 
needed in the border troubles with the savages. 

Among his most important battles were Beaver 
Creek, near the Colorado line, at Medicine 
Lodge, Kans., and engagements down the Lit- 
tle Missouri river. In early days he scouted 
with the celebrated Kit Carson. During the 
trouble with Sitting Bull he was on scout duty 
with a party of cowboys, before and after the 
battle of Wounded Knee, principally working 
for the protection of the scattered settlers and 
ranchmen. At the time of the trouble with the 
Apaches, through New Mexico, Arizona, and 
Sonora, Mexico, in the spring and summer of 
1886, he was prospecting through the country. 
When General Miles came with his command, 
Mr. Hays was with General Lawton, who was 
then making heroic efforts to subdue the 
Indians. In a great many instances Mr. Hays 
acted as scout, for the protection of prospectors 
and ranchmen. He was present at the "round- 
up" of the noted war chief, Geronimo. 

Fraternally Mr. Hays is connected with the 
Elks. At this writing he and his family reside 
at Nogales, Ariz. His wife, whose family name 
was Jackson, is a direct descendant of the family 
of Andrew Jackson and a great-niece of the 
celebrated divine, T. DeWitt Talmage. She is 
a woman of culture and refinement, broadly read, 
possessing business ability and social tact, and 
in her home dispenses a graceful hospitality. 

The town of Jerome, located in the midst of 
the vast mining resources of Yavapai county, 
has no more substantial citizen or more earnest 
worker for her upbuilding than is found in Judge 
William A. McKinnon, justice of the peace and 
coroner. He comes from a state which has pro- 
duced many successful men, and was born in 
Burlington, Iowa, in 1859. His father, Hon. 
T. D. McKinnon, was one of the famous men 
of the town, and served as circuit judge in Iowa 
for eighteen years. He was also the first to 
establish a mercantile business in Burlington 
and Clarinda, Iowa. After receiving the edu- 
cation of the public schools our subject's first 
aspirations were directed towards educational 
work, in which he engaged for some time. He 
was then impressed with the large possibilities 
of the far west, and located in California in 



Judge McKinnon became interested in Cali- 
fornia in mining around Copper City, on the 
Pitt river, and at the end of two years came to 
Arizona, locating at Contention City, near where 
Tombstone now stands. He was here with the 
Toughnut Company for a year, and had charge 
of the stamp mill. In 1880 he went back to 
California, and in Plumas county engaged in 
milling with the Green Mountain Mining Com- 
pany until 1883, when he removed to Butte, 
Mont., and was there employed by Senator W. 
A. Clark in the forty-stamp silver mill until 
1895. He then turned his attention to another 
branch of industry, and, while spending a few 
months in Oregon, purchased one thousand 
head of horses, which he shipped to Memphis 
and disposed of. 

In 1897, the year after locating in Jerome, 
Judge McKinnon was appointed police judge for 
the city, but the appointment was later declared 
by the legislature to be illegal, the body holding 
that the town council had no right to make the 
selection. However, in 1898 he was appointed 
justice of the peace by the supervisors, to fill 
the vacancy caused by the death of J. B. Harvey, 
and in 1900 was elected to the office on the 
Democratic ticket, by a majority of two to one. 
In this capacity the Judge tries all civil and crim- 
inal matters, and also serves as coroner of the 
city or county. Nor are his efforts confined to 
the duties of his official office, for he has a wide 
interest in the general affairs of Jerome, and 
may be counted on to lend his time, money 
and liberal assistance to the furthering of any 
wise and progressive scheme for improvement 
instituted by his fellow-townsmen. He owns 
some valuable mining properties in Butte, 
Mont., and in other parts of the country, and 
has several real-estate holdings in Jerome. In 
connection with his regular work he deals in 
loans, collections and real-estate. Fraternally 
he is associated with the United Moderns of 


The life of the sheriff of Navajo county has 
been filled with incidents of a nature so thrill- 
ing that they seem better adapted to a novel 
of western life than to a personal biography. 

Few men who have passed through such experi- 
ences live to tell the tale. A volume could be 
filled with incidents pertaining to his career, but 
in a sketch of this character it is impossible to 
relate any but the most important events of his 

Mr. Secrist was born in Franklin county, Pa., 
December 7, 1852, a son of Jacob C. and Mar- 
garet (Nicodemus) Secrist. In 1865 he removed 
with his parents to Franklin Grove, Lee county, 
111., where his father engaged in the produce 
business. In 1869 the young man returned to 
Pennsylvania and for two years was employed 
by a gas company in Allegheny City. August 
14, 1871, he enlisted in the United States regu- 
lar army at Pittsburg, Pa., and was sent to the 
St. Louis depot, where he received assignment 
to duty at Camp McDowell, Ariz., and the 
journey to that point was made via Denver, San 
Francisco, Pacific ocean, Gulf of California, 
Colorado river, and overland to the camp, two 
hundred and forty-five miles. He remained 
there six weeks, attached to the Third Cavalry, 
and was then ordered with that command to 
Nebraska to relieve the Fifth Cavalry. 

Returning to Fort McPherson, Neb., the 
troop departed for Fort Steele, Wyo., and thence 
for Spotted Tail Agency, in Dakota, where Mr. 
Secrist was detailed as a dispatch carrier for 
fourteen months. While thus employed he 
made the ride from Spotted Tail to Red Cloud, 
forty-five miles, on one horse, in four hours and 
twenty-five minutes, and from Red Cloud to 
Fort Laramie, seventy-five miles, on another 
horse, from sundown to sunrise. While at Fort 
Laramie he was subpoenaed to Omaha to 
appear as a witness in the famous case of Cap- 
tain Gordon. Rejoining his regiment at Chey- 
enne, he participated in the Crook expedition 
of 1876, serving through the Sioux campaign 
of that year. On the expiration of his time he 
was discharged, August 14, 1876, and for the 
next fourteen months he hunted game for a 
lumber company in Wisconsin. 

February 10, 1878, Mr. Secrist re-enlisted in 
the army in Chicago and rejoined his old com- 
pany at Big Bend in Dakota. Three months 
later, at the time of the Cheyenne outbreak, he 
was in Wyoming and served through that 
memorable campaign. Going thence to Fort 



Steele, he was made past quartermaster-sergeant 
and sergeant-major, in that capacity accom- 
panying the Thornberg expedition, and partici- 
pating in the engagement known in history as 
the White river massacre. For gallant conduct 
on that occasion he was ordered to Washington 
for examination for promotion; but two days 
before he was intending to depart President 
Garfield was assassinated, and nothing further 
was done in his case. Soon afterward, however, 
he was made first sergeant, and held that office 
until February 8, 1883, when he was mustered 
out at Fort Grant, Ariz. 

After leaving the regular army Mr. Secrist 
entered the service of the Atlantic & Pacific 
Railroad Company as freight brakeman. Five 
months later he became freight conductor, sub- 
sequently was promoted to be passenger con- 
ductor, and served in that capacity until March, 
1900. During his engagement with the railroad 
company he resided at Winslow, and after his 
retirement from railroad work served as city 
marshal for eight months. In November, 1900, 
he was nominated by the Democrats for the 
post of sheriff of Navajo county, and was 
elected. The office also carries with it the duties 
of assessor, personal property tax collector and 
license collector, and Mr. Secrist is also school 
trustee of his precinct. He has been grand 
chancellor of the Knights of Pythias, and for 
seven years was identified with the Order of 
Railway Conductors. September 10, 1885, he 
was united in marriage with Belle Nichols, 
daughter of Edwin Nichols, for some time 
superintendent of bridges on the Santa Fe sys- 
tem. They have two sons, Charles and Harry. 


Elected in November, 1900, to the twenty- 
first territorial legislature of Arizona, as the rep- 
resentative of the Graham county district, it 
may be inferred that Hon. E. T. Ijams stands 
in the front ranks of our citizens. Indeed,, he 
is very popular in the Democratic party, and 
has been an active worker in the same. For a 
number of years he has been a member of the 
grand jury and also has held the position of 
justice of the peace. 

William and Cath (Stevens) Ijams, his par- 
ents, are natives respectively of Maryland and 

Virginia. The son was born in Ohio fifty-two 
years ago and spent eighteen years of his life 
in that state. Leaving college at Athens, Ohio, 
in 1867, he commenced teaching and devoted 
ten years to that calling, in the meantime hav- 
ing charge of schools in Missouri, Iowa and 
California. Coming to Safford in 1881, he 
taught the first public school here, but soon 
turned his attention to other fields of enterprise. 

For a number of years, and until 1889, Mr. 
Ijams was the proprietor of a general store 
the first mercantile venture of the kind in Saf- 
ford. During this period he held the position 
of postmaster for five years, and became widely 
and favorably known. Then he invested in cat- 
tle, having a ranch near Bowie, and it was not 
until 1893 that he gave up this industry. The 
first drugstore in Graham county was opened 
by him at Safford, and for five years he managed 
that enterprise, then selling his stock of goods, 
though he still owns the substantial brick store 
building in which he had been the pioneer drug- 
gist. He has been financially interested in nu- 
merous undertakings of benefit to the people, 
and among these is the Gila Valley Telephone, 
making connections between Globe, Clifton, 
Morenci, Safford, Solomonville and Tucson, 
two hundred and fifty miles in extent. Of this 
company he is general manager and treasurer. 
Foremost among the promoters of this company, 
he retains a one-third interest in the concern, 
which is an enterprise of the greatest public 
utility. The first exclusive hardware store in 
the Gila valley was opened by him in 1896, the 
firm which managed the business being known 
as Ijams & Co., until the senior partner sold 
out to George A. Olney. In addition to owning 
some mining property, Mr. Ijams is the pos- 
sessor of some valuable real estate and several 

The marriage of Mr. Ijams and Miss Eliza 
Gallaspy of Lampasas, Tex., took place at San 
Diego in 1879. They have two sons of whom 
they have reason to be proud, namely: Sheldon, 
now in his eighteenth year and a student in the 
Arizona University at Tucson; and Clyde, a 
promising little lad of eight years. The elder 
son is preparing to take a course in electrical 
engineering, to which line of enterprise he in- 
tends to devote his life. 




The large proportion of young men among 
the employes of the Arizona Copper Company 
is worthy of note, and certainly to this fact much 
of the wonderful success which that concern en- 
joys must be attributed, with justice. Unques- 
tionably this is the age for the young man, for 
his zeal and energy are in great demand in every 
field of human usefulness, and, moreover, to-day 
he is early fitted to assume responsibilities, train- 
ing in school and elsewhere being along strictly 
practical lines. 

A native of Angleton, Brazoria county, Tex., 
the subject of this article was born October 23, 
1872, a son of John R. and Angeline O. (Fores- 
tier) Cox, natives respectively of Scotland and 
England. The mother is of French descent. 
Reared at his birthplace, J. H. Cox received a 
high-school education and when he had com- 
pleted his literary course prepared himself for 
his life's career by going to Georgetown, Tex., 
where he became thoroughly versed in electrical 
work. Having obtained a diploma certifying to 
his efficiency as an electrical engineer he had no 
difficulty in procuring a position. For eight 
months he was on the pay-roll of the Brush 
Electric Light plant at Galveston, Tex., and 
thence went to Velasco, same state, where he had 
entire charge of "an electric light plant, steam 
laundry and water-works for three years. As he 
had abundantly proved his general business abil- 
ity, as well as his eminently practical knowledge 
of electrical engineering, the Arizona Copper 
Company was glad to employ him as head of the 
electric light and power plant at Clifton, in which 
capacity he has acted for four years. Needless 
to say the equipment of this important depart- 
ment of the company's mammoth enterprises is 
unsurpassed in mining regions, and today Mr. 
Cox has about twenty men under his super- 
vision, all occupied in electrical work. There 
are fourteen generators and twenty-six motors, 
exclusive of the forty-six small fan motors. 

In the great questions affecting the country, 
Mr. Cox takes unaffected interest, aiming to 
keep well posted along all lines. He is a believer 
in free trade and is strongly opposed to trusts. 
Fraternally, he is a charter member and past 
council commander of Cleora Camp No. 14, 

Woodmen of the World. He also is a Knight of 
Pythias, belonging to Clifton Lodge No. 17. 

June 28, 1899, Mr. Cox married Miss Mary B. 
Holt, of Memphis, Tenn. She is a daughter of 
John A. and Isabella (Redford) Holt, is a lady 
of liberal education, and in religion adheres to 
the Methodist Episcopal church. 


A large number of the prominent buildings 
and residences in Phoenix are due to the con- 
structive ability of Mr. Hunter. To the prosecu- 
tion of his occupation he brings wide knowledge 
of the best methods employed in different parts 
of the world, and keeps in constant touch with 
all improvements as thought out and applied 
by men engaged in the same line of work. It 
would be difficult to find a better field for effort 
in construction than is furnished by the grow- 
ing cities and towns of Arizona, as they rise 
above a soil wherein is stored the latent rich- 
ness of dormant centuries. In the city of Phoe- 
nix the buildings credited to Mr. Hunter include 
the Sherman block, Arcade block, several build- 
ings at the United States Industrial School, and 
innumerable residences. 

As far back as the memory of the present 
generation extends, the Hunter family have ren- 
dered to Nova Scotia the allegiance due the 
country of their birth. The paternal grandfather 
was born there, of Scotch descent, and there he 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. In religion 
he was an active member of the Presbyterian 
Church. Charles W. Hunter was born in Nova 
Scotia, January 27, 1854, and is a son of Lodo- 
wick Hunter, a builder and stone contractor, 
who came to the States in 1866 and settled in 
DeKalb county, 111. Throughout the remainder 
of his active life he devoted himself to farming. 
He died in that county in April of 1900, at the 
age of seventy-five years. His wife, Louisa 
(Hunter) Hunter, was a member of a family 
in no way related to her husband's family. She 
was born in Nova Scotia, as was also her father, 
George, and her mother, who in maidenhood 
was a Miss Fish. Mrs. Hunter resides in Illi- 

In a family of seven children, five of whom 
are living, Charles W. Hunter was second in 


order of birth. He was educated in the public 
schools. In 1867 he became an apprentice to the 
stone-mason and bricklayer's trade under his 
father, and at the expiration of his time began 
journeyman work. In 1878 he removed to Col- 
orado Springs, Colo., in which city and at Man- 
itou he worked at his trade. In 1883 he removed 
to Huron, S. D., and for a little less than a 
year was superintendent of masonry for the 
Union Pacific Railroad. In 1887 he went to the 
far west and in Pasadena, Cal., engaged in con- 
tracting and building until 1890, and continued 
the same occupation after removing to Olympia, 

Taking up his permanent residence in Phoe- 
nix in 1892, Mr. Hunter has since met with a 
high degree of appreciation as the character of 
his work became known. He has received an ex- 
tended patronage, which has come to him as 
the result of his acknowledged skill and faith- 
fulness to every contract. Not only is he a 
representative of his trade, but in every other 
respect he is an enterprising citizen of his town. 
In national politics a Republican, he is not a 
seeker after official recognition, but prefers to 
devote all of his time to the immediate demands 
of his business. Fraternally he is associated 
with the Woodmen of the World. 


As an exponent of medical science Dr. Col- 
lins occupies a prominent position among the 
professional men of southern Arizona. A con- 
scientious and painstaking practitioner, he has 
not only established a desirable general practice 
at Globe, but has at different times been com- 
pany physician for some of the largest mining 
concerns in the territory. The youth of Dr. 
Collins was uneventfully passed in Pittsburg, 
Pa., where he was born September 13, 1866. 
His parents, William A. and Eliza (Lee) Collins, 
were natives respectively of Kentucky and Ohio. 
William A. Collins was an attorney and jour- 
nalist, and editor of the Pittsburg Chronicle- 

Dr. Collins received his education in Florida 
and Virginia, and subsequently studied medi- 
cine at the Hospital College of Medicine in 
Louisville, Ky., from which he was graduated in 

1886. After fifteen months spent in practical 
demonstration in the Louisville hospitals, and 
six months in the Southern Pacific railroad hos- 
pital at Oakland, Cal., he came to Silver King 
Camp in Arizona, in 1888, and was company phy- 
sician for two years. For the following few 
months he derived a great deal of interest- 
ing information from extensive traveling, -and 
materially broadened his scope, horizon, and 
knowledge of human nature. He visited Central 
and South America, later going to Cuba, Flor- 
ida, and other southern points, his wanderings 
terminating in Globe in 1891. Here he was 
company doctor for the mines of Globe until 
1897, when he followed the tide of fortune seek- 
ers north, and spent a year in the Klondike. 
Upon returning to Globe he entered upon a 
general medical and surgical practice, in which 
he has since been successfully engaged. Like 
the majority who live in a region where the 
speculative enterprise of mining is possible, the 
doctor is also interested, and owns several 
claims in the Globe district. He is the pos- 
sessor of town property, and owns his residence 
and office, which is located just off from the 
main street near the center of the town. 

Mrs. Collins was, before her marriage in 1891, 
Nellie Atkinson, and her parents are Capt. 
George and Maria Atkinson, the former of 
whom was a captain in a "Minnesota Regiment 
during the Civil war. In politics a Democrat, 
Dr. Collins is actively interested in local politi- 
cal affairs, has served on several committees, 
and has been chairman of the Gila county cen- 
tral committee. Fraternally he is associated 
with the Odd Fellows at Globe and is a mem- 
ber of Lodge No. 12, which is the largest lodge 
in the territory. He is also a Woodman and 
Workman, a charter member of both lodges in 
Globe, and of the Benevolent Protective Order 
of Elks. 


Few of the dwellers of Salt River valley have 
been for so long a time identified with the 
territory of Arizona as has Mr. Brill, who came 
here in 1865, and has since made it the scene of 
the various enterprises in which he has been 
engaged. As may well be imagined, the coun- 


try at that time was in a wild and unprom- 
ising condition, and they were indeed stout of 
heart who had faith in its possibilities. The 
red men still regarded the rivers, and woods, 
and plains, as their rightful and undisputed herit- 
age, and to the early miners who sought to 
wrest from the earth its hidden treasures, they 
were a constant menace and danger. It is 
therefore true that to these miners of courage 
and unflagging zeal is largely due the present 
state of improvement and civilization of this pro- 
lific corner of the earth. 

For several years Mr. Brill was engaged in 
mining in different parts of the territory, and 
was part owner of the famous Vulture mine, 
located about fiften miles west of where Phoenix 
now stands. Later he settled on a ranch fifty- 
six miles west of the site of Phoenix, and 
took up land for mining purposes, subsequently 
drifting into general farming and stock-raising. 
Of the original land purchased in the early days, 
he still owns nine hundred and sixty acres, part 
of which is under a high state of cultivation, 
and unusually well watered. Here he lived and 
prospered for many years, and finally removed 
to where he now lives, in the near vicinity of 
Phoenix. To Mr. Brill belongs the distinction 
of having planted the first orchard in the ter- 
ritory of 'Arizona, on Brill's ranch, near Wick- 
enburg, which he still owns. While a resident 
of that place he attained to considerable promi- 
nence in the affairs of the locality, and for sev- 
eral years served as justice of the peace. 

A native of other shores, Mr. Brill was born 
in Prussia, April 4, 1833, and is a son of Henry 
Brill, also born in Prussia. In his native land 
he received the substantial training accorded 
the average German youth, and was well 
equipped for the future responsibilities of life by 
receiving a good education. To this has been 
added the research of many years, and constant 
reading and application, and today Mr. Brill is 
an unusually well informed man, and in touch 
with the general topics of interest. When about 
seventeen years of age his ambition reached be- 
yond the land of his birth, and in search of 
broader opportunities, he immigrated to Amer- 
ica, the journey being accomplished in a sailing 
vessel. Upon arriving in the United States he 
settled in Louisiana, and for a short time en- 

gaged in the tobacco business in New Orleans. 
A later venture was a mercantile business con- 
ducted in San Antonio, Tex:, and also the manu- 
facture of cigars. Still unsettled as to location, 
Mr. Brill tried his fortunes in Nicaragua, and 
after a short time went to California, via San 
Francisco, and for a time engaged in mining in 
southern California. In San Diego county he 
began to raise cattle, and was thus employed 
until 1865, when he came to Arizona. 

Mrs. Brill was formerly Laura Copeland, a na- 
tive of San Francisco. The first wife of Mr. 
Brill was Isabella Rourke. He has three chil- 
dren: Cora, Frederick and Louise. In religion 
he is a member of the Roman Catholic Church. 


Mrs. Baxter was born in Madison, Ga., and 
is a daughter of Patterson and Mary (Johnson) 
Taylor, born respectively in North Carolina and 
in Morgan county, Ga. Patterson Taylor was 
a farmer during the greater part of his life, and 
moved from North Carolina to Georgia when a 
young man. He served with distinction in the 
Florida or Seminole war, and died in Georgia in 
1845. His wife, who was a daughter of John 
Johnson, a native of Georgia and a planter by 
occupation, married a second time, and subse- 
quently died in Phoenix. She became the mother 
of seven children, six of whom attained maturity, 
three sons and three daughters, Mrs. Baxter 
being the second youngest child of the second 
marriage. Of the other children, James D. Jack- 
son was killed during the Civil war, while serv- 
ing in a Georgia regiment at the battle of Mal- 
vern Hill; Christopher C. Taylor was in a Geor- 
gia regiment, and was killed at the battle of 
Malvern Hill ; Mrs. Reeves, a full sister of Mrs. 
Baxter, is living in Los Angeles, Cal. 

Miss Mary Taylor was reared in Georgia, and 
received an excellent education. In 1861 she 
removed to Fanning county, Tex., and in 1869 
crossed the western plains with a train of four 
hundred people, and terminated the journey at 
Gila Bend. At Agua Caliente Miss Taylor was 
united in marriage with King Woolsey, who was 
born in Georgia, and educated in Louisiana and 
Arkansas. His father was a large land owner, 
and had property on both sides of the state line 



In 1850 the son went to Calaveras county, Cal., 
and engaged in mining, and in 1860 located in 
Arizona. The following year began his associa- 
tion with the Indians, wherein he so distin- 
guished himself in the face of extreme peril and 
almost certain death. He led several expedi- 
tions against the Apaches in 1863-4, and after 
several battles in different parts of the territory 
succeeded in rounding them up, thus averting 
much disaster and loss of life. 

On the Gila river Mr. Woolsey bought the 
Agua Caliente ranch and hot springs, and settled 
down to the life of a prosperous rancher. In 
the Prescott district he had large mining inter- 
ests, and built three quartz mills which were 
operated in partnership with ex-Governors Rich- 
ard C. McCormick and John N. Goodwin. His 
interests further extended to the purchase of im- 
proved farms in the Salt River valley, and to the 
acquisition of considerable business and other 
property in Phoenix. He was a miller also on 
a large scale, and conducted his enterprise in 
partnership with John Y. T. Smith. Mr. Wool- 
sey died in Phoenix in 1879, and is remembered 
as a man of sterling character and high principle, 
with wisely directed generous impulses, and a 
personal courage which never quailed in the face 
of danger. In the political affairs of the com- 
munity in which he lived he exerted a wide in- 
fluence, and served in the first, second, third, 
fifth, seventh and ninth territorial councils, hav- 
ing been president of thesame during the seventh 
and ninth terms. He was also on the staffs of 
Governors Goodwin, McCormick and Safford. 

Mrs. Woolsey subsequently became the wife 
of Mr. Baxter, an attorney of Phoenix. She is 
a woman of great executive ability, and an ex- 
cellent business manager, and owns large real- 
estate interests in Phoenix and elsewhere. Her 
property is all well improved and on a paying 
basis, and includes the Plaza building. The 
Agua Caliente ranch, which is the especial 1 pride 
of Mrs. Baxter, is ten hundred and forty acres 
in extent, and "one of the finest pieces of prop- 
erty in the county. The irrigation facilities are 
admirable, the water being inexhaustible, and 
derived from the Agua Caliente spring. This 
spring is possessed of medicinal qualities which 
have gained for it a wide renown, and which is 
purported to have accomplished' some really 

wonderful cures. The water gushes forth with 
the rapidity and power of a mountain torrent, 
and contains iron, magnesia and sulphur. The 
inducement offered by the healing power of the 
water has justified the erection of an hotel in 
process of construction, which is to cost $60,000. 


The great army of railroad conductors having 
their respective routes in the far west are ably 
represented by that enterprising citizen of Tuc- 
son, and excellent railroad man, Mr. Vest. A 
native of Richmond, Va., he was the youngest 
in a family of nine children, seven of whom are 
living. His father, James M. Vest, was born in 
Louisa county, Va., and was a planter on a 
large scale, owning Corduroy, a beautiful and 
richly developed home of one thousand and six 
hundred acres. He was one of the ideal south- 
ern planters, and lived to be over eighty years 
old. The paternal grandfather, John Vest, also 
a native of Virginia, was a planter and promi- 
nent man, and served his country in the war of 
1812. On the maternal side, the ancestry is 
English. Mrs. Vest, who died in 1876, before 
her marriage was Martha Sneed Burnley, who 
was born at Rock Creek, Louisa county, Va. 

On his father's plantation of Corduroy Julian 
Vest received the early training that fitted him 
for the future responsibilities of life, and was 
educated by a private tutor, at the Culpeper 
Academy, and at the Blacksburg Military Acad- 
emy. In 1873 he started out in the world to 
earn his own living and became identified as 
brakeman with the railroad owned by Collis P. 
Huntington, called the Chesapeake & Ohio. 
Eighteen months later he was promoted to the 
position of conductor, and in 1883 filled a similar 
position with the Kentucky Central Railroad. 
In 1894 he became yardmaster at Memphis, 
Tenn., for the Chesapeake, Ohio & Southwest- 
ern Railroad, and was transferred in 1896 to the 
Tucson division of the Southern Pacific, as con- 
ductor on the division. 

In Cynthiana, Ky., September 19, 1888, Mr. 
Vest married a native of the place, Nancy I. 
Craig, a daughter of F. G. Craig, a prominent 
distiller and race horse man, and who served as 



quartermaster in a Kentucky regiment during 
the Civil war. Her mother was Kate Sparks, a 
member of an old Kentucky family. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Vest have been born two children, Charles 
Frank and James W. In Paris, Ky., Mr. Vest 
became associated with the Masons, and is now a 
member of the Tucson Lodge, No. 4,' and is still 
connected with the Royal Arch Masons at Paris, 
Ky. As a member of the Order of Railroad Con- 
ductors, he belongs with San Xavier Division, 
No. 313. In national politics a Democrat, he is 
liberal-minded regarding the prevailing adminis- 
tration. In religion he is connected with the 
Baptist Church. 


The greatest gift of life, a mind stored with 
the best knowledge of the world, belongs to Mr. 
Grindell. A profound student always, by study 
and by travel in many lands he has acquired the 
breadth of mind which is the rightful heritage of 
the intelligent observer. He was born in Platte- 
ville, Wis., June 29, 1871, and is a son of Wil- 
liam and Margaret (McMurray) Grindell, natives 
respectively of Ireland and Illinois. When a 
young man, William Grindell settled in Canada, 
but soon removed to the States and became one 
of the earliest settlers of Platteville, Wis. His 
industrious efforts were attended by a cor- 
responding prosperity, and he was one of the 
best in his line in the manufacture of furniture. 
In Masonic circles he wielded an extended influ- 
ence and was identified with other important in- 
terests of his town. He lived to be seventy-six 
years of age. His wife, who is now living in 
Platteville, Wis., was a niece of Peter Cart- 
wright, her mother having been a sister of that 
eminent evangelist. 

The home training received by Thomas Grin- 
dell was calculated to develop the best traits of 
his character. In his native town of Platteville 
he was educated in the public schools and in 
1890 was graduated from the normal school. 
Subsequent training was received in the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, which he entered as a 
junior and left in March of the senior year. 
Following a westward inclination he sought the 
glowing possibilities of California and engaged 
in the educational work in Los Angeles in 1892. 

In 1893 he entered upon extended journeyings 
and visited the Sandwich Islands, New Zealand, 
Australia, the Philippines, China and Japan, and 
was away from this country about thirteen 
months. After returning to San Francisco he 
started upon another trip of adventure and vis- 
ited Alaska, Juneau and Sitka being his especial 
objective points. On his return to the United 
States he spent a short time in Los Angeles, 
after which he visited old Mexico and Central 
America, where he purchased placer gold from 
the Indians and natives. Interspersed with the 
overland travels were many interesting experi- 
ences which threatened disastrous terminations 
and included the adventures of being twice 
robbed. On one occasion he was waylaid and 
nearly killed, in addition to being relieved of his 
possessions. A siege of yellow fever somewhat 
dampened the delight and enthusiasm of travel 
in Central America, but fortunately was viewed 
from a philosophical standpoint by Mr. Grindell 
as a part of the hardships to be endured by those 
who wander far from their native heaths. 

During 1895 Mr. Grindell was commissioned 
captain in the Guatemalan army while touring 
through that country. At that time Guatemala 
was about to go to war with the republic of 
Mexico over the disputed mahogany lands on 
the border, but a settlement being effected he 
withdrew from the service. In the fall of the 
same year he settled in Tucson, Ariz., and be- 
came interested in mining and educational work, 
and was later principal of the Nogales public 
schools. At the same time he attained to con- 
siderable political prominence and was secretary 
of the territorial meeting that appointed the Mc- 
Kinley delegates to the St. Louis national con- 
vention in 1896. In 1900 he was a delegate to 
the convention at Philadelphia that nominated 
William McKinley for a second term as presi- 
dent. In 1897 he was appointed to the chair of 
English literature in the Arizona Normal school 
at Tempe, but resigned the position to enlist as a 
private in troop C, First United States Volun- 
teer Cavalry, more familiarly known as Roose- 
velt's Rough Riders. With this famous troop 
he served in the Spanish-American war until 
mustered out in the fall of 1898. Upon his re- 
turn to Arizona he was nominated for superin- 
tendent of schools of Maricopa county, but suf- 

3 i6 


fercd defeat with the rest of the Rough Riders 
in the territory that year. In January of 1899 
he was appointed deputy to United States Mar- 
shal Griffith and served in the office at Tucson 
for a year, since which time he has been clerk 
of the supreme court of Arizona. 

In addition to the responsibility incident to 
the supreme court clerkship Mr. Grindell is in- 
terested in ranching near Tucson and owns, in 
partnership with his brother, Edward P. of Tuc- 
son, the site of old Fort Lowell in Arizona. He 
also laid out an addition to Nogales, known as 
the Grindell tract, consisting of one hundred 
and seventeen lots. In Los Angeles, Cal., he 
was made a Mason and is now connected with 
Chapter No. 2, R. A. M., Commandery No. 3, 
K. T., and El Zaribah Temple, N. M. S., of 
Phoenix. The Ancient Order of United Work- 
men includes him in its list of members, also 
the Maricopa club. 


John L. Seamands comes of a family of rail- 
roaders, as his father and three brothers have 
given their mature lives to this line of occupa- 
tion. He is justly popular among the railroad 
men with whom he is acquainted, and for a quar- 
ter of a century has devoted his life to railroad- 
ing. Belonging to the Order of Railroad Con- 
ductors, he is ex-chief of Xavier Division, No. 
313, and in 1893 represented Lexington Divi- 
sion, No. 239, in the grand division at Toledo, 
Ohio. In 1888, 1889 and 1890 he attended the 
general conventions of the order, at Toronto, 
Denver and Rochester, N. Y., respectively. 

The Seamands family is of English origin, and 
the great-grandfather of our subject, William 
Scaniands, was born in Virginia, as also was the 
grandfather, William R. Seamands. The former 
was a man of liberal education for his day and 
locality, and his death occurred in West Vir- 
ginia. William R. Seamands was a successful 
stock dealer and farmer, and spent his last years 
in West Virginia. Andrew Jackson Seamands, 
father of John L., was born in Cabell county, W. 
Va., nnd prior to nnd after the Civil war was 
employed in the construction of the Chesapeake 
& Ohio Railroad. When the line had been fin- 
ished he became roadmaster, and when in his 

fiftieth year and living in Milton, W. Va., was 
in charge of a supply train and on one occasion 
was on his way from the camp to the railroad 
station, where he was to take a train for home, 
when he was accidentally killed by falling 
through a bridge. His widow, Mrs. Mary (Mann) 
Seamands, is yet living, her home now being in 
Tucson. She was born in Jackson county, Ohio, 
where her people were early settlers. Henrietta, 
her only daughter, died in West Virginia, and 
Frank P., the youngest, died when three years 
old. Albert G., Chrles W. and James D. are 
conductors, with their homes and headquarters 
in San Antonio, Tex. 

J. L. Seamands was born and reared in Cabell 
county, W. Va., and received a public-school 
education. In 1875, when fifteen years of age, 
he commenced working on the Chesapeake & 
Ohio Railroad with his father and was promoted 
from errand boy and "jack-of-all-trades" to 
brakeman. After a year and a half or so he was 
given a position as conductor on the same line, 
and it was not until January, 1884, that he re- 
signed and went to Texas. There he was em- 
ployed for ten months as a conductor on the 
International & Great Northern Railroad, and 
from November, 1884, to March, 1886, was again 
with the Chesapeake & Ohio, in the same capac- 
ity. During the following seven years he ran 
between Cincinnati and Lexington, Ky., on the 
Kentucky Central Railroad, after which he was 
with another railroad until March, 1896. Re- 
signing, he came to Tucson, and from May of 
that year until September, 1899, was conductor 
on a train running in the Tucson division of the 
Southern Pacific. For fifteen months he was 
traveling conductor between Tucson and El 
Paso and on the branch road from Benson to 
Nogales, Ariz., his territory comprising about 
four hundred miles of railroad. At the present 
he is conductor between Tucson and Nogales. 

In February, 1883, Mr. Seamands was imrried 
in St. Albans, W. Va., to Miss Jennie Capehart, 
a native of that town, as were her father, Stephen 
P., and grandfather, John Capehart. The family 
is of German ancestry. John Capehart was the 
owner of a plantation, and Stephen P. Capehart 
followed agricultural pursuits in early manhood, 
later becoming a merchant of St. Albans. He is 
a first cousin of Hon. James Capehart, who repre- 



sented the third district of West Virginia in 
congress several terms. For a wife S. P. Cape- 
hart chose Susan, the only child of Andrew 
Woods (and granddaughter of a hero of the 
American war for independence). The latter 
was a native of Scotland and was of the old 
Presbyterian faith, being a minister of that de- 
nomination. Andrew Woods was born near 
Winchester, Va., and was a furniture manufac- 
turer at Charlestown, W. Va., for several years. 
Of the five children born to S. P. Capehart and 
wife two are deceased. William C. is a con- 
tractor, living at St. Albans, and John C. is a 
traveling salesman of Morgantown. The mar- 
riage of Mr. and Mrs. Seamands is blessed by 
three sons, namely: Roy Capehart, Earl Arnett 
and Lawrence Capehart. 

Fraternally Mr. Seamands is an Odd Fellow 
and a Knight of Pythias, and in his political faith 
is a Democrat. Mrs. Seamands was educated in 
Sheldon College, at St. Albans, and possesses at- 
tractive social qualities. She belongs to the 
Ladies' Auxiliary of the Order of Railroad Con- 
ductors and is secretary and treasurer of the Tuc- 
son branch, Xavier Division, No. 118. In re- 
ligion she is a Presbyterian, while her husband 
favors the Methodist Episcopal creed. 


A native of Cheshire, Berkshire county, Mass., 
born August 22, 1859, and reared and educated 
in that state, Mr. Clark has been a sincere ad- 
mirer and friend of Arizona since he first 
came here, twenty-three years ago. Though 
he returned to New England in the mean- 
time, and thought he would settle there 
permanently, the charms of Arizona were 
never absent from his mind, and eventually 
he came back, thenceforward to be unwavering 
in his allegiance to this future state. 

Mr. Clark possesses a liberal education and is 
a well-informed man on all the current issues 
of the day. In the Centennial year he was con- 
nected with the Newtown (Conn.) "Bee," a well- 
known newspaper of that state, and about that 
time his interest in the far west was awakened. 
In 1878 he started for the west, and made an 
extended tour through Colorado, New Mexico 
and Arizona, continually becoming more im- 

pressed with the gigantic enterprises engaging 
' the attention of the comparatively few inhabi- 
tants and the yet greater future before them. 

In the spring of 1880 Mr. Clark returned to 
Massachusetts and then dwelt in New York City 
for a few months. Much to the surprise of many 
of his friends he yielded to the attractions of a 
military life, and in December, 1880, enlisted in 
the United States regulars for five years. As- 
signed to service with the Fourth Cavalry, under 
Colonel McKenzie, he first was stationed at Fort 
Riley, Kans.,and thence was sent into Colorado, 
also aiding in the transferring of the Ute Indians 
from that state to Utah. In August, 1881, the 
Fourth Cavalry was sent to Fort Apache, owing 
to the outbreak among the Cibecu Apache In- 
dians of that vicinity and of the San Carlos dis- 
trict. Later in the fall they were ordered to Fort 
Wingate, N. M., and remained there until the 
spring of 1884, chiefly doing duty on detached 
service. The remainder of Mr. Clark's term of 
enlistment was at Fort Apache, where he was 
granted an honorable discharge December 18, 
1895. Several times during his service he acted 
as a non-commissioned officer, mainly in the 
quartermaster's department, and throughout his 
army career made a most creditable record. Dur- 
ing the last year he took part in the campaign 
against Geronimo and his braves, whose massa- 
cres and devastations struck terror to the hearts 
of even old settlers and Indian-fighters. 

Once more returning to New England, Mr. 
Clark became associated with the American 
Zylonite Company, of Adams, Mass., and spent 
a year or two there. It often has been said that 
he who passes a year or even less in the south- 
west can never be satisfied to live elsewhere 
again, and so it proved in the case of our subject. 
In 1888 he came to Holbrook, and opening the 
well-known Holbrook House conducted it for 
four years. In 1893 ne became general agent 
for several eastern firms, and in the following 
three years commenced dealing in general mer- 
chandise. After two years had rolled away he 
sold out to Mr. Wooster and embarked in a 
brokerage business, buying and selling every- 
thing, including real estate. Along the Santa Fe 
and throughout northern Arizona he has built 
up a large trade with local merchants, as he 
handles all kinds of merchandise. 


In no wise is Mr. Clark a politician, in the 
usual .sense of the term. However, he keeps well 
posted in the great and grave affairs of the times 
and uses his influence in favor of the Republican 
party. A special point is made by him in attend- 
ing conventions, county and territorial, and fre- 
quently he has been sent as a delegate. In June, 
1900, he had the honor of being a delegate to 
the national Republican convention at Philadel- 
phia. He is a charter member of Winslow Lodge 
No. 536, B. P. O. E., and was one of its first 
officials. His marriage to Miss Augusta Schulz 
took place in New Mexico in 1894. 


Among the prominent railroad men residing 
in Phoenix is the gentleman whose name intro- 
duces this sketch. Throughout his business 
career he has been actively identified with rail- 
road work, and is now one of the popular con- 
ductors on the Santa Fe, Phoenix & Prescott 
line. A native of Vermont, he was born in St. 
Albans, on the ist of January, 1867, and is a 
son of Kennedy and Mary (Maloney) McGrath. 
The father was born in Ireland and when six 
years old came to this country with his parents, 
the family locating in Waterbury, Vt., where the 
grandfather, Thomas McGrath, followed farming 
until his death. For the long period of thirty- 
two years the father served as yardmaster for the 
Central Vermont Railroad, but is now living a 
retired life on his farm near St. Albans. His 
wife is a native of that place and a daughter of 
Simon Maloney, who was connected with the 
Central Vermont Railroad throughout his active 
business life. Our subject is one of a family of 
eleven children, all of whom are living. His 
brothers, Edward and John, are now engineers 
on the Mexican Central Railroad. 

Mr. McGrath, of this review, .grew to man- 
hood at his birthplace, and at the age of four- 
teen years began work in the passenger yard of 
the Central Vermont Railroad. Two years later 
he was given charge of the same and held that 
position three and a half years. In 1886 he went 
to El Paso del Norte, Mexico, and after brak- 
ing on the Mexican Central Railroad for three 
months was promoted to conductor, having 
charge of a train running between El Paso and 

Jiminiez. Not being pleased with that section 
he went to Colorado in May, 1887, and entered 
the seivice of the Colorado Midland as brake- 
man on a train running between Colorado 
Springs and Buena Vista, but was soon made 
conductor. In 1888 he secured a position as 
brakeman on the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad, 
and a month later was made conductor of a 
freight train running between Williams and 
Peach Springs, holding that position three 
months, after which he was brakeman on a train 
running between Needles and Peach Spring. His 
train was wrecked by a broken wheel, but for- 
tunately he escaped uninjured. Although he 
was in no wise to blame for the accident he was 
laid off, and then went to Trinidad, Colo., and 
secured a position as brakeman on the Denver, 
Texas & Fort Worth Railroad between Trini- 
dad and Texline. Subsequently he was conduc- 
tor on a train running between Pueblo and 
Trinidad, and then returned to Needles to be- 
come conductor on the construction train that 
built the Colorado & California Railroad. Later 
he accepted a similar position on a construction 
train of the Santa Fe, Phoenix & Prescott Rail- 
road, with which he has since been connected. 
He was freight conductor for a time, but for four 
years has now been passenger conductor on a 
train running between Ash Fork and Phoenix. 
His has been a successful railroad career and he 
has the entire confidence of the company, as 
well as the high regard of his associates and 
many friends. He is a member of the Aztec 
Division No. 85, O. R. C., at Winslow, and is a 
stanch supporter of the Republican party. 

At Williams, Ariz., Mr. McGrath was united 
in marriage with Miss Jennie York, and to them 
have been born two interesting children, Arlie 
and Murray. 


This honored veteran of the Civil war, and 
now a well-known conductor on the Phoenix 
Short Line, residing in Phoenix, was born in 
St. Louis, Mo., in September, 1847, an d ' s a son 
of Joseph and Providence (Frazer) Harris, also 
natives of that state, the former born in St. 
Louis county, the latter in Franklin county. His 
paternal giandfather, Samuel Harris, who was a 



farmer and miller by occupation, was born in 
Warren county, Ky., and at an early day re- 
moved to St. Louis, Mo. The maternal grand- 
father, Charles Frazer, was of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent, and was also a pioneer of St. Louis. Later 
in life he followed farming in Franklin county, 
Mo. He was steward of the Lewis and Clark 
expedition, which explored the northwest, fol- 
lowing the Missouri and Yellowstone rivers to 
their source, and Frazer river was named in his 
honor. The father of our subject followed farm- 
ing in Missouri throughout life. He was killed 
in November, 1855, while on his way to attend a 
celebration in Jefferson City by the excursion 
train on the Missouri Pacific Railroad going 
through the bridge at Gasconade. His wife died 
in Kansas City in 1887. 

Of the six children of this worthy couple S. 
M. Harris is third in order of birth and the only 
one living in Arizona. He was reared and edu- 
cated in St. Louis. He engaged in farming until 
fourteen years of age, when he began his rail- 
road career as a newsboy on the train, but a year 
later became brakeman on the Missouri Pacific 
Railroad. In 1864 he laid aside all personal in- 
terests and enlisted in Company K, Fortieth 
Missouri Volunteer Infantry, being mustered 
into the United States service at Benton Bar- 
racks, St. Louis. He was on duty in Louisiana, 
Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky and Tennessee, 
and participated in the engagements at Frank- 
lin, Spring Hill and Nashville, and the siege of 
Mobile, Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely, after 
which he went to Montgomery, Ala. He was 
mustered out at Benton Barracks, in August, 
1865, and returned to his home in Missouri. 

After the war Mr. Harris again entered the 
service of the Missouri Pacific Railroad as 
brakeman, and was promoted to conductor in 
October, 1868. Subsequently he was with the 
Iron Mountain, Northern Missouri and other 
roads, and for eight years was a conductor on 
the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Memphis Rail- 
road between Kansas City and Memphis, his 
home being in the former place. In 1889 he 
went to Stockton, Cal., and was with the South- 
ern Pacific Railroad one year, at the end of 
which time he removed to Los Angeles and be- 
came a conductor on the Southern California 
Railroad. In 1894 he entered the service of the 

Stockton Railroad, with which he was connected 
until coming to Phoenix in February, 1896. He 
has since been in the employ of the Maricopa, 
Phoenix & Salt River Valley Railroad Company, 
as brakeman three months and since then as con- 
ductor in charge of a passenger train. He is one 
of the most popular conductors of the line, being 
painstaking and obliging, and easily makes 
friends of all with whom he comes in contact. 
Fraternally he is a member of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen at Fort Scott, Kans., and 
the Masonic order at Lodi, Cal. 

In Kansas City, Mo., Mr. Harris married Miss 
Huldah Fitzgerald, a native of San Joaquin 
county, Cal. She is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and a most estimable lady. 
She is a daughter of Joseph W. and Sarah Fitz- 
gerald, of Lodi, Cal. Her father, who is de- 
ceased, was reared in St. Louis county, Mo., 
went to California in 1849 and engaged in min- 
ing for many years. Subsequently he turned his 
attention to ranching. 


The life record of this sterling citizen of Tuc- 
son presents many points of unusual interest, 
and his twenty-three years of identification with 
the interests of Arizona entitles him to an hon- 
ored place in its annals. He possesses broad 
and liberal views of life and human achieve- 
ments, is a patriot in the best and highest sense 
and is entirely worthy of the praise and emula- 
tion of his associates and contemporaries. 

Born in Devonshire, England, May 2, 1847, 
he is the eldest child of Cyrus Angus and 
Leonora F. N. (DeWitt) Burgess, natives re- 
spectively of Dublin, Ireland, and Devonshire. 
The mother was the only child of John DeWitt, 
whose brother was Sir Henry DeWitt of Devon. 
The family originated in Holland, and at the 
close of the "thirty years' war" went to England, 
later to Scotland and finally located in the south- 
ern part of England. John DeWitt was a capi- 
talist, owning valuable estates in Scotland and 
England. Cyrus A. Burgess was born in Dub- 
lin, and for seventeen years was professor of 
mathematics in Trinity college of that city. He 
was a man of exceptional ability, and for years 
was engaged in civil and mining engineering 
operations in Cornwall and Wales. In 1849 he 



brought his family to the United States and for 
the next five years was employed in the con- 
struction of the Pennsylvania railroad at Phila- 
delphia. Later he represented a large English 
corporation in the New York & Erie Railroad, 
controlling a good block of stock. He died in 
the midst of his extensive enterprises, in New 
Jersey, in 1868, and his widow departed this 
life in Dublin, Ireland. All of their children, 
three sons and two daughters, survive. 

The boyhood of Capt. J. DeWitt Burgess was 
exceptionally replete with interest and educa- 
tional factors, though his literary schooling was 
limited, his father being his chief instructor. An 
infant when brought to America, he was made 
a companion of by his father, and accompanied 
him on trips to Arkansas, Tennessee, North 
Carolina, Virginia, Michigan and Pennsylvania, 
and also to Cuba and South America. He be- 
came well versed in mathematics under the tute- 
lage of his gifted father and in 1861 entered 
Wabash college at Crawfordsville, Ind. 

In August, 1862, the young man, then only 
fifteen years of age, enlisted in Company F, 
Sixth Indiana Caval'ry, and within a few days, 
on August 30, took part in the battle of Rich- 
mond, Ky. In the following December he took 
part in the engagements of Elizabethtown and 
Muldrough'sHill and then assisted in the capture 
of Knoxville under the leadership of General 
Burnside, remaining with him until March, 1864. 
Among the maneuvers in which he was con- 
cerned were Strawberry Plains, Elaine's Cross 
Roads, London, Campbell Station and the three 
weeks' siege of Knoxville. In March, 1864, the 
regiment returned by railroad to Lexington, 
Ky., and then, having obtained fresh horses, 
joined Sherman at Rocky Face Ridge May 4, 
1864, and continued with him until August 2 in 
Stoneman's brigade. While near Macon on a 
raid Captain Burgess and his comrades were 
captured August 9 at Sunshine Church, and were 
kept in prisons at Andersonville, Charleston, 
S. C., and Florence, S. C., until the ensuing 
December, when he was released on special 
parole. Sent to Savannah, thence to Annapolis 
and then to Camp Chase, Ohio, he was there in 
command of paroled prisoners until May, 1865, 
when he returned to his regiment and was mus- 
tered out at Pulaski, Tenn., July 28, 1865. He 

had enlisted as a private and by meritorious con- 
duct had been promoted, becoming second lieu- 
tenant September i, 1862; first lieutenant July 
18, 1864; captain May 2, 186^, and was honor- 
ably discharged July 28, 1865. On two occa- 
sions he was wounded, a bullet passing through 
his body under the left arm, but fortunately 
missing the vital organs. At Resaca he was 
knocked down and run over by a caisson and 
at the siege of Atlanta, July 22, his horse was 
killed under him and in falling almost crushed 
the rider's leg. 

In 1866, by a competitive examination, Cap- 
tain Burgess was appointed from Terre Haute, 
Ind., as a cadet to West Point, and belonged to 
the class of '70. However, in June, 1868, he 
resigned, but in the following August was ap- 
pointed as second lieutenant of the Seventh 
United States Cavalry, and joined the regiment 
at Fort Hays. That fall he participated in the 
campaign against Black Kettle's band of Chey- 
enne Indians and took part in the battle at Wich- 
ita, and after they were quelled, November 28, 
1868, he tendered his resignation. Coming to 
Santa Fe he enlisted and outfitted twenty-one 
men with arms and ammunition, and the party, 
with considerable luggage conveyed by pack 
animals, made the hazardous trip through New 
Mexico and Arizona to Los Angeles. Prospect- 
ing for some time in California, Captain Burgess 
then went on horseback to San Francisco, and 
in May, 1869, returned to the east on the newly- 
completed Union Pacific. 

In 1870 the captain was married in South 
Bend., Ind., and went to England, where four 
or five months were pleasantly spent, but the 
wife soon died and in 1871 he left Liverpool for 
a cruise around the world, by way of the Cape 
of Good Hope, thence to India and to San Fran- 
cisco and back to Indiana. Locating in Terre 
Haute, he operated a machine shop and foundry 
until March, 1873, when he sold out and came 
to Arizona. Here he was associated with Gen. 
A. V. Kautz and Col. James Biddle, and they 
partially developed some Silver Creek property, 
now known as the Equator mine, near Verde. 
In 1875 the captain was appointed storekeeper 
at the Verde Indian reservation, and later aided 
in the removal of the Tonto Apaches and the 
Apache Mohaves to the San Carlos reservation. 



For eight years, and until 1882, he was in the 
employ of the government as chief of scouts at 
San Carlos and in the field. He was also 
agency clerk at San Carlos until May, 1876, and 
helped to move the Chiricahur Apaches from 
Bowie to San Carlos. 

Since 1882 Captain Burgess has been engaged 
in general mining enterprises, and is a member 
of the American Institute of Mining Engineers. 
For two years he was general manager of the 
Table Mountain copper mines, for several years 
held a similar position with the Saginaw mines, 
situated about nine miles from Tucson, and was 
superintendent of the Bolivia -Placer Mining 
Company. At the present time he is the presi- 
dent of the old Pueblo Copper Company, whose 
mines are about twenty miles north of Red 
Rock. He also is the superintendent of the 
Golden Rule Copper mines, located some fifty 
miles north of Tucson. 

From his early manhood the captain has been 
a stanch Republican. He held membership with 
John A. Logan Post No. 3, G. A. R., of Terre 
Haute, Ind., was an official of the Indiana com- 
mandery of the Loyal Legion, and was identi- 
fied with the Knights of Pythias. In religious 
belief he is an Episcopalian and the kindly prin- 
ciples which animate him have been of untold 
assistance to the poor and unfortunate who have 
appealed to him for aid. 


The popular passenger conductor on the Santa 
Fe, Phoenix & Prescott Railroad, who now 
makes his home in Phoenix, is a native of Iowa, 
his birth having occurred in Polk, January 25, 
1863. His parents, James and Minerva (Drellin- 
ger) Branen, were born natives of Indiana, and 
early settlers of Polk, Iowa. The maternal grand- 
father, Alfred Drellinger, was born in the east 
and belonged to an old eastern family. He was 
one of the pioneers of the Hoosier state and a 
farmer by occupation. From Polk the father of 
our subject removed to Des Moines, Iowa, 
where he first engaged in merchandising and 
later in the hotel business. In 1869 he went to 
Colorado and engaged in mining at Idaho 
Springs for a time. Later he resided in George- 
town and Silver Plume, and from the latter place 

removed to Floyd Hill, Clear Creek county, 
where he conducted a hotel seven or eight years. 
Subsequently he was engaged in the same busi- 
ness at Golden and Gunnison, and at the latter 
place his death occurred. He served as an offi- 
cer in an Iowa regiment during the Civil war, 
and was a member of the Masonic fraternity. 
His widow now resides in Denver, Colo. In the 
family of this worthy couple were four sons and 
three daughters, namely: Joseph, who was also 
a member of an Iowa regiment during the war 
of the Rebellion, and is now a resident of Phoe- 
nix, Ariz. ; John, of El Paso, Tex. ; Mrs. Jennie 
Paul, of Salt Lake City, Utah; Mrs. Mattie 
Stewart, of Idaho; Charles, an engineer on the 
Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, living in Du- 
rango, Colo.; William L., our subject, and Mrs. 
Minerva O'Brien, of Victor, Colo. 

Reared in Colorado, William F. Branen was 
educated in the public schools of Idaho Springs, 
Georgetown and Golden. In 1875 he began his 
railroad career as watchman of engines at Floyd 
Hill, then the terminus of the Colorado Central, 
and was soon made fireman, his route being be- 
tween Black Hawk and Denver. Subsequently 
he served as brakeman, and in 1880 was pro- 
moted to be conductor on the same line. Later, 
however, he returned to firing, and in 1882 was 
made engineer on the Denver & South Park 
Railroad, between Denver and Como. In 1884 
he was transferred to Butte City, Mont., and 
continued with the Union Pacific Railroad until 
1889, when he entered the service of the Colo- 
rado Midland as engineer between Colorado 
Springs and New Castle for four years. He then 
returned to the South Park line as engineer, and 
remained with that company until late in the 
fall of 1893, when he came to Arizona as engi- 
neer on the construction train of the Santa Fe, 
Phoenix & Prescott Railroad. On the comple- 
tion of the road he was made engineer of a pas- 
senger train, and his was the first train of that 
kind run into Phoenix. In 1897 he became pas- 
senger conductor, and is regarded as one of the 
most popular and obliging men in the service 
of the company. Those who know him best are 
numbered among his warmest friends, and he 
has the confidence and respect of all with whom 
he comes in contact either in business or social 
life. He is a member of the Winslow branch 



of the Order of Railway Conductors, and is iden- 
tified with the Republican party. Mr. Branen 
was married in Phoenix, the lady of his choice 
being Miss Helen Colby, a native of Wisconsin. 


Almost throughout the existence of the 
Southern Pacific Railroad, or for the past quar- 
ter of a century, James E. Guthrie, of Tucson, 
has been on its pay-roll, and one of its most 
faithful and trusted employes. In the Centen- 
nial year he ran as fireman on an engine plying 
between Los Angeles and San Pedro and in the 
following year used to make the trip to Yuma. 
He celebrated the Fourth-of-July, 1880, by tak- 
ing his place for the first time at the lever, and 
has nearly completed twenty years in that 
capacity. To him fell the honor of piloting the 
first train into El Paso, Tex., in 1881, S. S. Gil- 
lespie being the conductor. His present run is 
between Tucson and Yuma, Ariz., a passenger 
train he has been the engineer of since May, 
1884. During these seventeen years he has be- 
come so well known along the line that the pass- 
ing of "Whistling Jim," as he is popularly 
termed, is looked for as an incident of the daily 
life of many a resident on the Southern Pacific. 
Many experiences have fallen to his share, and 
on one occasion his engine was ditched and 
the train held up by robbers. He belongs to 
Division No. 28, Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers. He also holds membership in the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and uses 
his ballot in favor of Democratic nominees and 

Turning to the early history of this valued 
railroad man, it is learned that he is a native of 
Denton county, Tex., in which state his parents 
were early settlers and prosperous farmers. His 
paternal grandfather, Rev. Mr. Guthrie, also a 
pioneer in the Lone Star state, and a minister 
in the Presbyterian denomination, was a native 
of Alabama and was of Scotch descent. R. B. 
Guthrie, father of the subject of this article, was 
born in Alabama, and his wife, Mary (Killen) 
Guthrie, was a native of Mississippi and thence 
accompanied her parents in their removal to 
Texas. In 1868 the Guthrie family started on 
the long overland journey to Los Angeles, Cal.. 

crossing Pecos river and passing through Tuc- 
son and thence westward across the Colorado 
river. The father devoted his attention to the 
raising of oranges and to the cultivation of a 
ranch, and now is living near Santa Ana, Cal. 

The third in order of birth of nine children, 
three of whom are deceased, James E. Guthrie 
was born October i, 1855. Thus he was in his 
fourteenth year when he made the memorable 
western journey across the plains which have 
since been spanned by the useful railroad. In 
California he pursued his studies in the public 
schools and was reared in the quiet pursuits of 
the farm. Agriculture, however, was not to his 
taste, and as soon as he had arrived at his ma- 
joiity he embarked upon a railroad career, in 
which he has met with success, as noted above. 

The attractive home of James E. Guthrie, at 
No. 344 South Third avenue, Tucson, was built 
under his supervision. His marriage to Mrs. 
Sallie (Wood) Leslie, daughter of Judge John S. 
Wood, a pioneer citizen of Tucson, took place 
here. By her former union she has one daugh- 
ter, Beppie Leslie, and a daughter, Dorothy, 
blesses her marriage with Mr. Guthrie. Judge 
Wood was a native of Virginia, and his wife, a 
Miss Marshall, though born in Missouri, came 
of the old Virginia family of Marshalls. In the 
early days of California the Judge removed to 
the state, and since that time has been identified 
with California and Arizona. 


The ancestry of the Dietz family is German, 
and they were first represented in America by 
Jacob, the paternal grandfather of Frank Dietz, 
who, upon emigrating from his native land, set- 
tled in Ohio, in the vicinity of Cincinnati. Dur- 
ing his long and active life he was engaged in 
stock-raising, and was also a butcher by occupa- 
tion. Frank Dietz was born in Hillsboro, Ohio, 
September 9, 1858, and is a son of John Dietz, 
who was born in Germany and came to America 
with his father. He was a shoe merchant at 
Hillsboro, and died in 1864 at the early age of 
thirty-three years. His wife, formerly Emily 
Henry, was born in Germany, and came to 
America with her parents. She was the mother 
of four children, and died in 1897. Of the chil- 



dren, William died in Denver; George is living 
in Gainesville, Tex., and is a conductor on the 
Santa Fe, and Henry is a resident of Irondale, 
about twelve miles from Denver, Colo. 

The education of Mr. Dietz was acquired in 
the public schools, and at an early age he started 
out in the world to earn his own living. His 
first venture was as a salesman in a large whole- 
sale grocery establishment, and in 1878 he re- 
moved to Los Angeles, Cal., where he entered 
the employ of the Southern Pacific Railroad 
Company as fireman. In 1880 he removed to 
Tucson; in 1883 he was promoted to the posi- 
tion of engineer, which he has since held, his 
line being then between El Paso and Tucson. 
Since 1895 he has had the passenger run be- 
tween Tucson and Lordsburg. One of the evi- 
dences of the prosperity that has rewarded the 
industry of Mr. Dietz is the well constructed 
residence on the corner of Fourteenth street and 
South Fourth avenue. 

Since living in Tucson Mr. Dietz married, 
October 6, 1884, Emma Pierce, a native of 
Windmill Point, on Lake Champlain, in Ver- 
mont, and a daughter of Joseph and Mary 
Pierce. For thirty years Mr. Pierce was master 
mechanic of the Vermont Central Railroad at 
White River Junction. In 1884 he came to Tuc- 
son, Ariz., where he is living at the present time 
at the age of eighty-two years. His wife, who, 
before her marriage was Mary B. Cummings, 
was born in Chelmsford, Mass., and died in Tuc- 
son. She was the mother of six children, of 
whom Mrs. Dietz is second youngest. Lizzie, 
a sister, is now Mrs. E. J. Bowers, of Los An- 
geles, Cal.; Washington died in New York; 
Charles died in Vermont in 1890; Frank is in 
Bowie, Ariz., and is engaged in the cattle busi- 
ness; Walter is a stationary engineer at Bowie, 
Ariz., and is in the employ of the Southern Pa- 
cific road. Mrs. Dietz was educated in Vermont, 
and came in 1883 with her parents to Tucson. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Dietz have been born five chil- 
dren. Those living are: Hazel Irene, Anna M., 
Lizzie M. and Charles E. George, the third 
child, died at the age of three years. 

Mr. Dietz is a member of the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers, Division No. 28, and has 
served three terms as chief of the division. He 
is now insurance secretary. Mrs. Dietz is a 

charter member of the Grand International Aux- 
iliary of Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, 
and is insurance secretary of the same. In re- 
ligious connections she is identified with the 
Episcopal Church. 


Within a few years the subject of this article 
has risen in the business world to a place of in- 
fluence and wealth. Possessing just the qual- 
ities which insure success, he has spared no ef- 
fort and by indefatigable labor and attention to 
the wishes of the trade has won the esteem and 
patronage of the public. Patriotism is one of his 
foremost qualities, and Arizona is indebted to 
him for the eight years of his life which he gave 
to the National Guard service. Enlisting in June, 
1886, in the troops which were organized into 
the First Regiment of Arizona National Guard, 
he served as first lieutenant of Company F, be- 
ing commissioned by Governor Wolfley and 
later by Governor L. C. Hughes. Remaining 
with the regiment until 1892, he then resigned 
and retired to the private walks of life. 

Bernabe C. Brichta, son of the well-known 
pioneer, Augustus Brichta (See his sketch else- 
where in this volume) was born June II, 1860, 
in Sonora, Mexico. His boyhood was passed 
chiefly in Tucson, where he attended the gram- 
mar and high schools. At the age of fifteen he 
commenced serving an apprenticeship to the 
printer's trade, and for seven years was em- 
ployed in the office of the "Star" of Tucson. 
Thus he assisted in the task of publishing the 
first daily paper printed in this city. Later he 
was with the "Citizen" and with the "Arizona 
Journal" for some five years, and then spent a 
twelvemonth in the service of the Southern Pa- 
cific railroad. The journalistic life, however, 
held more attractions for him and he returned 
to it in 1887, for a few months being connected 
with the Tombstone "Prospector." When in 
the office of the Tucson "Journal" one of his 
associates and great friends was the well-known 
"Buckie" O'Neill, whose sketch is printed upon 
another page of this volume. That undaunted 
and popular young officer of the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war who found his untimely death in Cuba 
with the famous "Rough Riders," was a com- 



positor on the "Journal" in 1883, and was re- 
nowned for his speed as a typesetter, it being 
said of him that he had no equal, not only in 
Arizona, but on the entire Pacific coast. He 
was treasurer of the Tucson Typographical 
Union at that time, Mr. Brichta being a member 
of the same. 

In 1888 our subject embarked in business in 
a limited way how limited may be judged from 
the fact that his capital amounted to only $125. 
Buying a small stock of goods, he gradually 
built up a trade and year by year has enlarged 
his quarters and supply of goods. He now con- 
ducts a general mercantile establishment, sit- 
uated at the corner of Toole and Sixth avenue, 
which substantial building he erected in 1894. 
He also has built a warehouse, stable and resi- 
dence, and is prospering in all of his under- 
takings. Like most Tucson people, he has mine 
investments, three different claims being in the 
Cooper mining district. Fraternally he belongs 
to the Lodge and Hall association of the An- 
cient Order of United Workmen. In the Demo- 
cratic party he is an active worker, and is a 
member of the county central committee. 

For a companion along the journey of life 
Mr. Brichta chose Miss Maria Antonia Cruz, 
who is a native of Santa Cruz, Mexico, but was 
reared and educated in Tucson. They are the 
parents of six children, named in order of birth 
as follows: Bernabe C., Jr.; Louis, Albert, Jo- 
sephine, Amelia and Maria Antonia. 


Prescott numbers among its reliable and en- 
terprising citizens an unusual number of railroad 
men, and none is more successful and popular 
than Mr. Detweiler. He was born in Catawissa, 
Franklin county, Mo., September 26, 1866, and 
is a son of Dr. E. S. Detweiler, a practicing 
physician of Catawissa, Mo., who was born near 
Harrisburg, in Dauphin county, Pa. During 
the Civil war Dr. Detweiler was surgeon of the 
Seventeenth Missouri Federal Volunteers. His 
wife, Addie M. (Fulkerson) Detweiler, was born 
in Cape Girardeau, Mo., and comes of an old and 
distinguished southern family. She is now re- 
siding in Kansas City, Mo., and is the mother of 
ten children, of whom six daughters and two 

sons are now living. One of the sons, B. S., is 
with the Santa Fe, Phoenix & Prescott Rail- 
road, with headquarters at Prescott. 

Until seventeen years of age John S. Det- 
weiler lived at home and studied in the public 
schools. An outlet presented itself in 1883, 
when he joined a surveying corps under E. J. 
Beard, who had in charge the surveying for 
the Eureka Canal Company in Kansas. In this 
capacity he continued until 1885, when he re- 
turned to Kansas City and as machinist entered 
the employ of the Kansas City, Fort Scott & 
Memphis Railroad, and in 1887 accepted a simi- 
lar position with the Chicago, Santa Fe & Cali- 
fornia Railroad at Streator, 111. His next effort 
was with the Washington Park Company at 
Kansas City, whose steamboat he ran on Wash- 
ington Park lake for a couple of seasons, and he 
was then with the Terminal Railroad Associa- 
tion at St. Louis as machinist in their shops for 
a short time. 

After serving as engineer for the New Or- 
leans & North Western Railroad at Natchez, 
Miss., for eighteen months he resigned to be- 
come an engineer on the Santa Fe, Phoenix & 
Prescott Railroad, with headquarters at Pres- 
cott. In April of 1893 he began to work on the 
construction of the road between Prescott and 
Wickenburg, and has since continuously been 
with this enterprising railroad corporation. For 
several years he has run a passenger train, and 
has been proverbially fortunate in all ways per- 
taining to his work. As proof of his success, he 
has erected a pleasant and comfortable home in 
the city, which is presided over by Mrs. Detwei- 
ler, formerly Anna Ebel, of Oconomowoc, Wis. 
Mrs. Detweiler is the mother of one child, Hal- 
lie Mae. Mr. Detweiler is a Republican in poli- 
tics, is a member of the Brotherhood of Loco- 
motive Engineers, and fraternally is associated 
with the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 


In the prime of life and general usefulness, J. 
C. Clancy is one of the highly respected em- 
ployes of the Southern Pacific Railroad, his ser- 
vice with this corporation dating from 1884. 
He is a native of New York City, his birth hav- 



ing occurred in March, 1861, just before Fort 
Sumter was fired upon and Civil war com- 
menced. His father, Thomas Clancy, was en- 
gaged in farming on Long Island, not far from 
the great metropolis, and in 1869 he decided to 
take up his abode in a sunnier clime, on the 
other side of the continent. Accordingly, ac- 
companied by his family, he went by boat to 
Panama, and thence to Los Angeles, Cal. There 
he spent the remainder of his life, and his widow, 
Mrs. Mary (Kervick) Clancy, now resides in 
Santa Cruz, Cal. Of their nine children, only 
two survive, namely: J. C. and Thomas Clancy, 
the latter now engaged in the lumber business at 
Santa Cruz, Cal. 

John C. Clancy received his education chiefly 
in the schools of Los Angeles, and pursued his 
higher studies in St. Vincent's College. Subse- 
quently he embarked in the business world by 
obtaining a clerkship in a mercantile establish- 
ment of Los Angeles, and was thus employed 
until 1081. Then, coming to Arizona, he clerked 
at Globe for six months, and in 1882 came to 
Tucson, where he was a clerk at the Cosmo- 
politan Hotel for two years or more. Then, as 
above stated, he entered the service of the South- 
ern Pacific, and, after acting in the capacity of 
fireman for some five years received a deserved 
promotion. His run had been between Tuc- 
son and El Paso, and now, as engineer, he pilots 
the Sunset Limited, running from Tucson to 
Lordsburg, N. M. Good fortune has attended 
him thus far, and he has become popular all 
along the line. 

The pleasant home of Mr. Clancy, at No. 243 
Eleventh street, is owned by him, and in addi- 
tion to this, he owns another residence on 
Eleventh street. The lady who presides over 
the hospitalities of his home bore* the maiden 
name of Florence Hawkins. She was born in 
Ohio and at the time of her marriage to Mr. 
Clancy was a resident of Pomona, Cal. They 
are the parents of a daughter, Katherine. 

For a period of four years Mr. Clancy was the 
secretary of Division No. 28, Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers. One of the foremost 
workers in the founding of the Southern Pacific 
Library Association, he served as a member of 
its first board of directors. In his political affil- 
iations he is a Democrat. 


This attorney-at-law of Nogales was born at 
Crockett, Houston county, Tex., September 21, 
1865, and is a son of Joel D. and Cora C. (Haz- 
lett) Richardson. His paternal grandfather, 
Lloyd Richardson, a native of England, came to 
America in boyhood in company with his parents 
and settled in the vicinity of Lynchburg, Va., 
where he grew to manhood upon a plantation. 
After the close of the Revolutionary war he 
moved to White Sulphur Springs, about nine 
miles from Jackson, Tenn., and settled on a 
plantation, where, with the aid of his large num- 
ber of slaves, he conducted extensive planting 
operations. The remainder of his life was passed 
on that homestead. 

The youngest son in a large family of chil- 
dren, Joel D. Richardson was born near Jack- 
son, Tenn., on the plantation, and there his 
youth was passed, his education being received 
principally in the Jackson schools. When young 
he learned the trade of a wagon manufacturer. 
In company with three older brothers, in 1835, 
he went to the then republic of Texas, and set- 
tled with some slaves he had brought with him 
on a large plantation near Crockett, Houston 
county! During the war with Mexico he served 
under General Taylor. His marriage took place 
at. Crockett in 1860 and united him with Cora 
C., daughter of Ezekiel Hazlett, who was the 
largest slaveholder and planter in Houston 
county. The year following, at the outbreak 
of the Civil war, he enlisted as a private under 
General Beauregard, and served until the expira- 
tion of the struggle, his wife accompanying him 
in all of his marches and remaining constantly 
at the front. On his return to Crockett he 
engaged in the mercantile business. His death 
occurred in his home town on the 4th of July, 
1872. He and his brothers were among the 
wealthiest land and slave owners in Houston 
county and were prominent Democrats, adher- 
ing to the political belief that has been the 
family watchword for generations. 

The three sons of Joel D. Richardson were 
David A. ; James W., a planter and stock-raiser 
in Houston county ; and Joel D., Jr., who is in 
partnership with his brother James. The sub- 
ject of this article is largely a self-made man, 



as he attended school only eight months, but by 
indefatigable effort and study he has become a 
broadly-informed man. In 1885 he began the 
study of law under Azia A. Willie, then chief 
justice of the supreme court of Texas. He was 
admitted to the bar in Texas at Galveston, in 
June, 1889, after which he practiced at Galves- 
ton and El Paso until coming to Arizona. Dur- 
ing his professional career in the Lone Star state 
he defended more criminals than any other law- 
yer in Texas. On account of his health, he 
removed to El Paso in February, 1897, and in 
August, 1900, he became a resident of Nogales. 
In criminal practice he is especially strong. 
Well grounded in the science of the law, he pos- 
sesses the peculiar ability to apply the law and 
evidence to the cause at trial. Forceful in 
delivery, possessing oratorical ability, and 
fluency of speech, his standing in the profession 
is exceptionally high. He participated in many 
of the important cases that have shed luster on 
the bar of Texas. Admitted to practice in 
Mexico, he defended the famous Rich case at 
Juarez, it being the first case under the new 
treaty and the first instance in which a woman 
was given up by extradition from one country 
to another. At this writing Mr. Richardson is 
in partnership with F. J. Duffy, prosecuting 
attorney of Santa Cruz county. His thorough 
knowledge of the Spanish language aids him 
materially in his practice, and he is also con- 
versant with French. 

Fraternally Mr. Richardson is connected with 
the Knights of Pythias and the Red Men. In 
politics he has always been a Democrat. In 
December, 1893, he married Angele C. Lisbony, 
daughter of Charles P. and Aline R. (Bertram) 
Lisbony, of New Orleans, La., her father a 
native of France, and her mother a daughter 
of Col. Andrew Bertram, of the English army. 


The duties of the responsible position as gen- 
eral auditor of the Maricopa & Phoenix & Salt 
River Valley Railroad are being discharged by 
Louis C. Masten in a manner which reflects 
great credit upon him. Doubtless he inherited 
much of his ability to cope with the problems of 
the financier from his father, N. K: Masten, a 

"forty-niner" who was associated with Mark 
Hopkins and Stillman, Thayer, Mackey and 
Flood, and scores of the pioneers and founders 
of San Francisco and California. The complete 
history of the life of N. K. Masten, replete with 
incident and adventure and great accomplish- 
ments, could not be given within the limits of 
this work, but an outline of his career doubt- 
less will prove of interest to those who are more 
or less acquainted with him by fame, and to the 
numerous friends and well-wishers of the imme- 
diate subject of this sketch. 

Of an old New York State family, N. K. Mas- 
ten was born in the city of Troy, N. Y., May 5, 
1821. His financial ability early manifested 
itself, and for some years prior to his removal 
to the west he was engaged in the banking 
business in New York City. Among the first to 
journey to California after the discovery of gold 
there, he rounded Cape Horn, and for about 
six months was upon the high seas. Reaching 
San Francisco, he proceeded to the mines, where 
his success was varying, and after a period he 
returned to the city and engaged in business as 
a merchant and broker. For a number of years 
he was a member of the well-known firm of 
Mattoon, Masten & Co., wholesale dealers in 
merchandise. His business relations with 
Messrs. Thayer, Mackey, Flood and others 
prominent in local history are matters of record. 
Later he devoted himself more exclusively to 
banking and brokerage; was the auditor of the 
Hibernia Bank, and afterwards cashier of the 
First National Gold Bank, and then held a like 
position in the Nevada Bank of San Francisco. 
Since 1884 he has been occupied in railroading, 
at first as financial agent for the Southern Pa- 
cific Company ; now is the president of the Mari- 
copa & Phoenix & Salt River Valley Railroad 
Company, and vice-president of the Lake Tahoe 
Railway & Transportation Company, both of 
which railroads he was active in building. His 
residence has been in San Francisco for half a 
century, and in innumerable ways he has con- 
tributed materially to the prosperity of that city 
and to the Pacific slope, as well as to the entire 
west, directly or indirectly. His wife, who de- 
parted this life in San Francisco in 1891, bore 
the maiden name of Emelia A. Von Falkenberg. 
Of German extraction, she was born in Callao, 



Peru, South America, and by her marriage be- 
came the mother of twelve children, only one of 
whom is deceased. 

Louis C. Masten was born in San Francisco in 
1872, and completed his literary education in 
the high school of Oakland. His introduction 
into the world of commerce was effected when 
he became an employe of the San Francisco 
Savings Union, where he soon was promoted 
from the humble position of messenger to that 
of assistant teller. Naturally studious, he de- 
voted considerable time to astronomy, and when 
the expedition from Lick Observatory visited 
Japan in 1896 in order to witness the solar 
eclipse of August 9, he accompanied them and 
spent six months very pleasantly and profitably 
in that interesting land. Upon his return home 
he came to Arizona, and for more than a year 
was engaged in mining in the Fortuna mines. 
At length deciding that no surer road to suc- 
cess than railroading can be found, he entered 
the auditing department of the Maricopa & 
Phoenix & Salt River Valley Railroad, and 
having mastered the details of that department, 
was appointed auditor of the road in February, 
1900, where he is amply justifying the faith re- 
posed in him by his superior officials. A pop- 
ular member of the Board of Trade, of the Mar- 
icopa Club, and of the Kinsley Lodge, A. O. U. 
W., of which he is the master workman, he 
seeks to promote the business and social activ- 
ities of this community. 


Few of the courageous and far-sighted 
pioneers of Maricopa county have wielded a 
wider influence along the lines of progress in 
their adopted territory than has Mr. Orme. 
Gifted with the substantial traits of mind and 
character which are conducive to excellent and 
broaded-minded citizenship, he has closely fol- 
lowed the fortunes of this land, and achieved 
a success as complete as it is representative. 
From a comparatively desert condition in 1877, 
Mr. Orme has developed his ranch of eight 
hundred acres, entered from the government, 
into a profitable possession, and he is to-day 
one of the most enterprising cattle-raisers of his 

A native of Montgomery county, Md., Mr. 
Orme was born November 28, 1852, and is a 
son of Charles and Deborah (Pleasants) Orme, 
the latter a granddaughter of former Governor 
Pleasants of Virginia. The boyhood of Mr. 
Orme was clouded by the death of his father, 
which occurred in 1863. He received an excel- 
lent home training and in 1866 went to Colum- 
bia, Mo., where he became a student in the 
Missouri State University. There he prepared 
for the future by taking a full course in civil 
engineering, in the application of which he was 
engaged for several years. After a time he 
removed to southeastern Texas, and while there 
lost his health, which necessitated a return to 
Maryland, where he resided in Baltimore for 
several months. Returning to Texas, after a 
short time in the northern part of that state, he 
went to Colorado, and from there to Los 
Angeles, Cal., hoping that the change of climate 
might benefit his health. In March of 1877 he 
came to Arizona and has since made this terri- 
tory his home. 

Among the many undertakings of Mr. Orme 
worthy of mention is the part taken by him as 
one of the three constructors of the Maricopa 
canal, which has proved of incalculable benefit, 
and which is eighteen miles long. In connec- 
tion with this enterprise he has acted as super- 
intendent and director, and has rendered able 
and conspicuous service. With the Democratic 
party he has for many years been actively con- 
nected, but although often solicited to accept 
positions of trust within the gift of the people, 
he has invariably declined such honors. Frater- 
nally he is associated with the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen in Phoenix, and the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows. 

In 1879 occurred the marriage of Mr. Orme 
and Ella Thompkins, a native of Texas. Her 
father, John, was a son of William Thompkins, 
a soldier in the Revolutionary war ; the former 
was a native of the state of New York and when 
a young man moved to Texas. Four children 
were born to the union of Mr. and Mrs. Orme, 
namely: Clara E., who was educated in the 
schools of her native county and the Girls' Col- 
legiate School of Los Angeles, Cal. ; Ora D., a 
student in the Phoenix high school; Winnifred 
Dorris, who is attending the College of the 



Immaculate Heart in Los Angeles ; and Charles 
H. Mrs. Orme died at the family home Decem- 
ber 28, 1898. In religion she was an Episco- 
palian, and Mr. Orme is also connected with 
that church. He is greatly interested in the 
cause of education and has been a member of 
the board of trustees of school district No. 16, 
in Maricopa county. 


George Gann, the well-known freight agent of 
the Phoenix Short Line at Phoenix, was born on 
the 2Qth of August, 1866, in Stockton, Cal., and 
is a son of Thomas and Catherine (Tell) Gann, 
the former a native of Georgia, the latter of 
Nashville, 111. The paternal grandfather, who 
was a planter, died in Georgia. In 1851 the 
father went to California, where he was first en- 
gaged in mining and later in the stock business, 
owning and operating a ranch near Stockton, 
where his death occurred. The mother is. now a 
resident of Phoenix, Ariz. In the family were 
two children: George, of this review, and Mrs. 
Dora Ruiz, of Fresno, Cal. 

George Gann passed his boyhood and youth 
at Stockton, Cal. He attended the public and 
high schools of that city, and graduated from 
the Stockton Business College. In early life 
he assisted his father on the ranch, and on leav- 
ing home entered the employ of General Bost of 
Sacramento, who had previously served as sur- 
veyor-general of California. As a civil engineer 
he remained with him for a period of three 
years, surveying the west side canal and county 
lines, and became a levelman. In 1889 he be- 
gan his railroad career, as clerk in the freight 
office of the Southern Pacific Railroad at Mer- 
ced, Cal., and later worked up and down the 
line as relief agent until coming to Maricopa, 
Ariz., in 1892, serving as chief clerk in the 
freight department of the Maricopa & Phoenix 
Railroad for four years. In 1896, on the com- 
pletion of the branch to Mesa, he opened the 
first freight office at that place, and conducted 
the same in a box car for three months. He 
remained at Mesa until 1898, when he was trans- 
ferred to Phoenix as freight agent, and is still 
filling that position. He has always been found 
true and faithful to every trust reposed in him, 

and well merits the high regard in which he is 
uniformly held. 

At Fresno, Cal., Mr. Gann was united in 
marriage with Mrs. Lizzie (McCubbin) Holder, 
a native of Marysville, that state, of which place 
her father was a pioneer. Fraternally Mr. Gann 
is a member of the Knights of Pythias and the 
Woodmen of the World. In national politics 
he supports the x Democratic party, but at local 
elections where no issue is involved he votes for 
the men whom he believes best qualified to fill 
the offices, regardless of party lines. He takes 
a commendable interest in public affairs, and is 
one of the most progressive citizens of the com- 
munity in which he lives. 


Roderick McDougall, the master mechanic 
of the Detroit Copper Company at Morenci, was 
born in Nova Scotia, Canada, in 1871. During 
his boyhood days he studied diligently at the 
public schools, and in time graduated from the 
high school. He wisely decided upon a future 
means of occupation for which there is an ever 
present demand, and which brings in fair re- 
turns for the labor expended. Like his brother, 
John, also connected with this mine, he early 
displayed mechanical ingenuity, and upon the 
principle that congenial work means success, 
he began and completed an apprenticeship as a 

When nineteen years of age Mr. McDougall 
located in New York City, and for six years 
worked in several of the large shops of the 
city, subsequently becoming foreman for R. 
Hoe & Company, in whose service he remained 
for three years. This varied experience was 
of incalculable benefit to the master mechanic, 
and fitted him for any responsibility that might 
come his way. In the west his first position 
was with the company of which he is still a 
valued employe, and with whom he started as 
machinist in March, 1899. After six months 
he was promoted to the position of foreman, 
and at the end of a year was given the position 
of master mechanic, which he still holds. Un- 
der him are about seventy men, and the smelter 
runs about eight hundred tons per month. The 
locomotives, hoists, machinery and all running 



gear of the mines are under his personal super- 
vision, a truly great responsibility, when it is 
known that Mr. McDougall is but twenty-nine 
years of age. That he has made a splendid use 
of the opportunities that have come his way is 
a matter of pride to all who are interested in 
his masterful handling of his life chances. 

October 20, 1899, Mr. McDougall was mar- 
ried to Jennie Fraser, a daughter of J. Fraser, 
of Nova Scotia. One child, Walter, has blessed 
this union. Fraternally Mr. McDougall is a 
member of the Odd Fellows. With his wife he 
belongs to the Presbyterian Church. 


Henry P. Anewalt, general freight and pas- 
senger agent of the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoe- 
nix Railroad at Prescott, is a native of Allen- 
town, Pa., and was born January 3, 1868. His 
paternal grandfather, Peter Anewalt, owned 
and carried on a farm near Allentown. He was 
a sterling Lutheran, and possessed the genuine 
esteem of his neighbors and acquaintances. The 
parents of our subject were J. C. and Henrietta 
(Getz) Anewalt, natives of Northampton county, 
Pa. The latter's father, Henry Anewalt, was 
born in Germany and came to the United States 
when a young man. He was a farmer and also 
owned and operated mines in Northampton 
county. Born in 1801, he lived to the advanced 
age of eighty-four years, dying in 1885. J. C. 
Anewalt was a wholesale and retail hatter and 
furrier in Allentown for many years, and was 
prominent in all local affairs, holding several 
public offices of trust and honor. Fraternally 
he was a Mason and was buried with the beau- 
tiful rites of the order. His wife also has passed 
to her reward, and two of their five children are 
deceased. The eldest son, Lewis Anewalt, suc- 
ceeded to his father's business and is still man- 
aging the same. 

Henry P. Anewalt was given the advantages 
of a liberal education, and pursued his studies in 
the common and high school of Allentown. 
After his graduation from the high school he 
entered the employ of the Santa Fe Railroad at 
Kansas City, and for the ensuing nine years 
was a clerk in the local freight office and in 
other departments. In 1895 he resigned the 

position which he had held for some time, 
that of chief clerk in the office of the commercial 
agent, for he had been tendered a better place, 
namely, that of chief clerk in the general freight 
and passenger department at Prescott, with the 
Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix Railroad. He 
continued to discharge the duties there devolv- 
ing upon him until June I, 1899, when he was 
appointed general freight and passenger agent 
for the same road to succeed George M. Sargent. 
The road is two hundred and twenty-four miles 
long, extending from Ash Fork to Phoenix, 
and though comparatively young, has built up 
a large and constantly increasing traffic, as it 
passes through the heart of the rich mining re- 
gions of central Arizona, and connects with the 
two great railroads which have been the making 
of this territory, giving it an outlet into the other 
states of the Union. Mr. Anewalt is a young 
man of ability and marked executive talent. He 
is a valued employe of his company, and is pop- 
ular with the public, whose interests he strives 
to protect and advance. 

In Kansas City the marriage of Mr. Anewalt 
and Miss Evelyn Barnett was celebrated in 
1896. She is one of the native-born daughters 
of that city, and her father, John Barnett, was 
one of the pioneer settlers of the place and one 
prominent in its upbuilding. Our subject and 
wife have one child, named Henry P., Jr. Mrs. 
Anewalt is a member of the Episcopal Church. 
In the fraternities he is connected with the 
Woodmen of the World and with the Masonic 
order, belonging to Gate City Lodge No. 522, 
F. & A. M., of Kansas City, of which he is past 
master. Besides, he was raised to the Royal 
Arch degree in Oriental Chapter, of the same 
city. In his political creed he is a Republican. 


For some time Mr. Geimer was master me- 
chanic of the Maricopa & Phoenix & Salt River 
Valley Railroad at Phoenix, and he is now en- 
gineer for the Crystal Ice Company of Pres- 
cott. Born at Sedalia, Mo., March n, 1867, he 
is a son of Joseph and Caroline (Keifer) Geimer. 
The father was a native of Germany and on his 
immigration to America first located in New 
York City, where he engaged in mercantile pur- 



suits for a time. He subsequently made his 
home in Sedalia, Mo., where he died March 22, 
1867, at the age of fifty-eight years, our subject 
being only eleven days old at the time of his 
death. The mother is a native of Philadelphia, 
Pa., and a daughter of Charles Keifer, who re- 
moved from that city to Sedalia, Mo., where he 
conducted a hotel. He died at that place. Mrs. 
Geimer is now a resident of Pilot Knob, Mo. 

J. F. Geimer is the only child of the family, 
and after his father's death was taken by his 
mother to St. Louis, where he attended the pub- 
lic and high schools. On his return to Sedalia, 
in 1884, he entered the Missouri Pacific Railroad 
shops, where he served a three years' apprentice- 
ship to the machinist's trade. In 1887 he went 
to Coolidge,Kans.,as machinist and round house 
foreman for the La Junta division of the Santa 
Fe Railroad, and the following year was trans- 
ferred to Las Vegas, N. M., where he served in 
the same capacity for eighteen months. Subse- 
quently he was employed by the Southern Pa- 
cific Railroad at El Paso, Tex., until 1894, when 
he was made general foreman of the Santa Fe, 
Prescott & Phoenix Railroad at Prescott, Ariz., 
which position he resigned in 1898, and was 
then appointed master mechanic of the short 
line of the Maricopa & Phoenix & Salt River 
Valley Railroad at Phoenix. He was also gen- 
eral superintendent of rolling stock. February 
18, 1901, he resigned to become engineer for the 
Crystal Ice Company of Prescott. 

In Las Vegas, N. M., Mr. Geimer married 
Miss Cora Robinson, who was born in Chari- 
ton, Iowa, in 1883, and removed with her parents 
to Las Vegas. They have one child, Robert E. 
In his fraternal relations Mr. Geimer is con- 
nected with the Knights of Pythias, and in na- 
tional politics is a Republican, but at local elec- 
tions votes independent of party lines, endeavor- 
ing to support the men best qualified for the 
office. He is an expert machinist and engineer, 
and as a man is well liked by all who know him. 


This well-known resident of Phoenix and 
proprietor of the stage line between this city 
and Mesa, is a native of the far-off state of 
Maine, his birth having occurred in Union, 

Knox county, on the i8th of May, 1865. His 
parents, George U. and Mary E. (Fenderson) 
Collins, were also natives of the Pine Tree 
state, while the former was of Scotch-Irish 
and the latter of Scotch descent. Our subject's 
paternal great-grandfather was a soldier of the 
Revolutionary war. The grandfather, Thomas 
Collins, was a farmer by occupation and a life- 
long resident of Knox county, Me. 

In early life the father followed farming and 
ship carpentering in that state. In 1861 he 
went to California by way of the Nicaragua 
route, and while there built the first mill in 
Santa Cruz county. Returning to Maine in 
1865, he engaged in farming there until 1869, 
when he again went to Santa Cruz county, Cal., 
this time by way of the Union Pacific and Cen- 
tral Pacific Railroads. He carried on the lum- 
ber business in that county until coming to the 
Salt River valley, Ariz., in 1879, when he lo- 
cated on a ranch six miles west of Phoenix and 
has since devoted his energies to agricultural 
pursuits, in which he has met with most ex- 
cellent success. He has one of the largest and 
finest ranches in the territory, on which he has 
sunk a large well, 100x45 feet, containing 
twenty-five feet of water. From this he obtains 
an abundant supply of water for his cattle, and 
also for irrigation purposes, having two pumps 
operated by an engine in constant use. His 
water system cost him about $12,000. He is a 
Knight Templar Mason and a member of the 
Mystic Shrine, and is a man highly respected 
and esteemed by all who know him. His wife 
died in this territory. She was a daughter ot 
Josiah Fenderson, a farmer of Maine. Her 
paternal grandfather was a native of Scotland. 
Our subject has two brothers, William E. and 
Rolla A., both engaged in farming near Phoe- 

When four years old Lewis W. Collins was 
taken by his parents to California, and in the 
public schools of that state and this territory he 
acquired his education, having removed with 
the family to Arizona in 1879. He remained 
under the parental roof until nineteen years of 
age, and then started out in life for himself. 
He was first engaged in buying and baling hay, 
and carried on that business quite successfully 
for seven years. He became interested in the 



stage business by taking the place of a friend 
who was ill, and continued with him eight 
months. In December, 1893, he bought out 
the line, and has since conducted this enterprise 
with marked success. He makes the round trip 
between Phoenix and Mesa, taking in Tempe, 
in one day, the distance being thirty-five miles, 
and has built up a good business. Besides his 
own pleasant residence on Indiana street, he 
owns other property in Phoenix. 

In that city he was united in marriage with 
Miss Lillian J. Fry, a native of Chicago, 111., 
and to them have been born three children: 
Flossie and Frank, both of whom died at the age 
of two years and nine months, and Herbert, still 
living. In religious belief Mr. Collins is a Pres- 
byterian, and in politics is a stanch Republican. 
He served as United States deputy marshal for 
the Second Arizona District under President 
Harrison. Socially he is quite popular, and 
holds membership in the Iron Springs Outing 
Club, the Foresters and the Woodmen of the 
World. He is a man who stands high in the 
community where he is so well known, and 
those who know him best are numbered among 
his warmest friends. 


The well-conducted mercantile establishment at 
Globe over which Mr. Brookner presides, and 
which, under his capable and well-directed energy, 
has developed into one of the best of its kind in 
the county, was organized in the fall of 1899, and 
has since experienced a continually increasing 
prosperity. The firm of W. W. Brookner & Co., 
of which S. C. Sayler is the "Company," occupy 
a store 30x70 feet in dimensions. Their stock 
is most complete as to detailand selection, and 
is able at all times to meet the varied demands of 
the enterprising residents of this thrifty little 
mining center. Mr. Brookner's interests are not 
confined to the store in his adopted town, but 
extend to Payson, where he is a member of the 
mercantile firm of J. W. Boardman & Co. Pre- 
vious to incorporating the Globe store he had 
participated in the organization, in 1890, of the 
Old Dominion Commercial Company, of which 
he was the manager about half- of the time until 

Until his twentieth year Mr. Brookner lived in 
his native town of Dixon, 111., where he was born 
in 1860. He received an excellent home train- 
ing, and was educated in the public schools, sub- 
sequently receiving a good commercial educa- 
tion. He early displayed habits of thrift and in- 
dustry, and his discerning mind saw in the far 
west opportunities which did not exist in Illinois. 
Prompted by the rumors of prosperity which 
emanated from the silver district of Globe he 
came here in 1881, and for several years worked 
at whatever fortune threw in his way. Consider- 
ing that he was at first possessed of nothing save 
a natural determination to succeed, Mr. Brook- 
ner is entitled to the credit and appreciation 
which his townsmen readily accord him. A 
staunch Democrat, he served as treasurer of Gila 
county one term of two years. Fraternally he 
is identified with the Benevolent Protective Or- 
der of Elks. 

The marriage of Mr. Brookner and Sarah 
Glenn, daughter of David Glenn, Sr., occurred 
in Globe in 1884. Mrs. Brookner was born in 
Canada, and is the mother of two children, Laura 
and Bessie. 


The life record of this highly honored pioneer 
of Tucson and the great southwest reads like a 
romance, and certainly few women have expe- 
rienced such marked vicissitudes. Coming of 
distinguished and honorable ancestry, she is her- 
self a remarkable woman, possessing a liberal 
education, and for the past quarter of a century 
has occupied a leading place in the educational 
circles of Tucson. In 1895 she took the chair 
of Spanish language and English history in 
the University of Arizona, a position which she 
yet occupies and for which she is specially 

The Bernard family is traced back to the mid- 
dle ages, and several of the name took part in 
three different crusades. Some of them were 
knighted and had coats-of-arms, and from such 
a line Mrs. Aguirre is a descendant, her ances- 
tors being nobles of Gascony, France. On the 
maternal side she is no less distinguished, as her 
grandfather, John Cunningham, was the last 
Earl of Glencairn, in Scotland. The Bernard 



family in the United States was founded here in 
1652 by Peter Bernard, who settled in Virginia. 
His descendants went to eastern Kentucky, 
where they were pioneers, and Thomas Bernard, 
grandfather of Mrs. Aguirre, was born in that 
state, and owned a plantation there, and later, 
in Missouri, where he died. Joab Bernard, 
father of our subject, was born in Richmond, 
Ya., and as a young man went to St. Louis, Mo., 
where he was in partnership with John J. Roe 
in a mercantile enterprise. In 1856 he removed 
to Westport, Mo., and soon embarked in the 
trade with Santa Fe. For many years he 
freighted supplies from Westport to Santa Fe 
and vicinity and to different government forts. 
Retiring, he passed his last years at his West- 
port home, dying in 1880, aged eighty years. 

For a wife Joab Bernard chose Arabella, 
daughter of George and Jane (Cunningham) 
Bier, natives of Maryland. The father, whose 
birth took place in Frederick, Md., was an offi- 
cer in the war of 1812, and was a grandson of 
Peter Bier, who was a native of Germany and 
was a pioneer of Frederick, Md. It may be 
mentioned, in passing, that the mother of Mrs. 
Aguirre and Admiral Schley of the United 
States navy, were second cousins. Mrs. Ara- 
bella (Bier) Bernard, who died at the home of 
her son, N. W. Bernard, in Tucson, in 1899, at 
the age of eighty-four, was a native of Baltimore, 
as was her mother, Mrs. Jane (Cunningham) 
Bier. The latter's father, Earl John Cunning- 
ham, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1762, 
and after becoming a citizen of Baltimore, Md., 
took part in our second war with Great Britain, 
on the side of his adopted country. He was the 
master and owner of the vessel in which he 
crossed the Atlantic to his future home, and 
until he retired from active life was engaged in 
the merchant marine trade. He was buried in 
Green Street cemetery, Baltimore, and four 
generations succeeding him have placed their 
dead in the szme cemetery. For a wife the 
Earl chose Miss Margaret Mather of Baltimore, 
a near relative of Margaret Wilson, the cove- 
nanter, who was a martyr of religious persecu- 

The third of the eight children bom to Joab 
and Arabella Bernard. Mrs. Aguirre is' a native 
of St. Louis, Mo., where her birth 'took place 

June 23, 1844. Her eldest sister, Mrs. Mar- 
garet Johnson, resides in Westport, Mo. Mrs. 
Catherine Worthington, the second sister, died 
in Baltimore, Md., and Arabella died in West- 
port, Mo. Mrs. Annie Rice is a resident of 
Grand Junction, Colo., and Mrs. Jessie Byrne, 
a widow, lives in Tucson. N. W. Bernard is in 
the cattle business in Pima county, Ariz., and is 
also supervisor of the county, and Hon. A. C. 
Bernard is a representative in the Arizona leg- 
islature and is the manager of the Tucson Cold 
Storage Company. 

When she was an infant, in 1844, Mrs. Aguirre 
was taken to Baltimore, and spent the next 
twelve years of her life at Locust Grove, on the 
Reisterstown road, in Baltimore county, which 
property her father owned. In 1856 they re- 
moved to Westport, Mo., but the education of 
our subject was completed at the Baltimore Fe- 
male Academy. 

August 21, 1862, the marriage of Epifanio 
Aguirre and Miss Mary Bernard was solemnized 
in Westport. He was born in 1834 near Chi- 
huahua, Mexico, the son of Pedro Aguirre, a 
native of the same state. His ancestors had 
come from Spain at the time of Cortez, and were 
given large grants of land in the vicinity of Chi- 
huahua, and much of this property is yet re- 
tained in the family name. In 1852 Pedro 
Aguirre removed with his family and a large 
colony to Las Cruces, N. M., where he became 
the owner of extensive tracts of land and was 
prominently connected with many enterprises 
until his death. He was a naturalized citizen of 
the United States and was in high standing in 
the Masonic fraternity. When sixteen years of 
age Epifanio Aguirre became a resident of Las 
Cruces, N. M., and at the age of nineteen started 
out in the business world, in which he achieved 
fame and wealth. By 1864 he had the bulk of 
the contracts for freighting for the government 
between Colorado and the Missouri river and 
along the Santa Fe trail. In fact, he made and 
lost several good-sized fortunes, for the Indians, 
especially, seem to have held his destiny in 
the balance. He had mule trains and ox trains, 
and several times the redskins stampeded his 
animals. Once an entire train was captured by 
the Indians at a point between Socorro and San 
Marcial, N. M., and another train was burned 



on the plains, owing to the carelessness of an 
officer, who threw a lighted match in the prairie 
grass. Mr. and Mrs. Aguirre were following 
one of their trains at a little distance in a car- 
riage, when the Indians attacked the van and 
made off with all of the live stock. It becoming 
necessary to make a business trip to Altar, 
Sonora, Mr. Aguirre left his wife there while, 
with four comrades, he proceeded towards Tuc- 
son, where he had some interests demanding 
his attention. January 16, 1870, when near 
Sasabi, they were attacked by the Apaches and 
all were killed save a brother, Conrado Aguirre, 
whose escape appears nothing short of marvel- 

The terrible news of her husband's death 
soon reached Mrs. Aguirre at Altar, and for six 
months She remained there. Then the desire 
to join her kindred in Missouri became over- 
whelming, and though she had bravely faced 
the dangers and untold hardships of crossing 
the western plains no less than five times, al- 
ways in company of her husband, she now felt 
that it would be impossible for her to travel that 
way. Accordingly she took the necessarily 
round-about trip to San Francisco and thence 
east over the newly-completed Union Pacific. 
Until 1874 she remained in Westport, and then 
came to Tucson across the plains with her 
brothers. In the following year she commenced 
teaching in the public schools of the town, and 
for many years was the principal of the Girls' 
School. That she is recognized as a successful 
teacher was shown by the honor which was con- 
ferred upon her five years ago, when she was 
called to the chair of Spanish and English his- 
tory in the University of Arizona. She is iden- 
tified with the Woman's Library Club and at- 
tends the Methodist Episcopal Church. Her 
second son, named in honor of his father, died 
at the age of thirteen years. The other sons, 
Pedro J. and Stephen, are fine young men, well 
educated and taking prominent places in the 
business world. The elder, Pedro J., a graduate 
of the University of Kansas, is an expert as- 
sayer, and is now employed in that capacity in 
the Cananea mining district at the Democrata 
mine, in Sonora, Mexico. Stephen, a graduate 
of the Tucson high school and of the business 
college of Lawrence, Kans., is in charge of W. C. 

Green's company stores in the Cananea district, 
at Naco. 


Among the most prominent and substantial 
citizens of Tucson is Judge Connell, who was 
born in Mount Vernon, Linn county, Iowa, Jan- 
uary 21, 1859. -His father, Peter D. Connell, was 
born at Steubenville, Jefferson county, Ohio, 
and was a farmer in Linn county, Iowa, dur- 
ing the years of his activity. With the breaking 
out of the Civil war he enlisted in the First 
Missouri Volunteer Federal regiment, and be- 
came a lieutenant of the engineering corps. 
He was killed in a battle in Tennessee. His 
wife, who was formerly Mary Mitchell Safely, 
was born in Waterford, N. Y., and was a daugh- 
ter of Thomas Safely, a native of Edinburgh, 
Scotland. He eventually settled in Waterford, 
N. Y., where he was the piqneer blacksmith 
of the place, later removing to Mount Vernon, 
Iowa. Mrs. Connell died in Troy, N. Y. The 
paternal grandfather, Peter JD. Connell, was born 
in Ohio, where he was a farmer, and later con- 
tinued the same occupation after removing to 
the then newly settled Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 

As the only child in his father's family 
Charles T. Connell was reared and educated in 
Troy N. Y., and at Mount Pleasant Military 
Academy, Sing Sing, N. Y., but in the changing 
course of events abandoned his original inten- 
tion of entering West Point. Of an ambitious 
temperament, he became interested in the re- 
ports of mining from the west, and in 1879 lo- 
cated in Globe, Gila county, Ariz. The follow- 
ing year he was appointed by Major Powell 
enumerator of census for the Apaches, and was 
engaged in this work for some time. In 1881 he 
received the appointment of Indian trader at the 
San Carlos agency, and was thus employed until 
1883, when he engaged in mining in the vicinity 
of Globe. He still has an interest in the Santa 
Rita and the Helvetia claims, and owns the Cop- 
per Mountain group in partnership with Alex- 
ander McKay. In fact, at the present time the 
greater part of the time of Mr. Connell is de- 
voted to prospecting and developing, and he is 
one of the best informed men in the locality on 
the subject of mines and mining. 



Among the many interests that have at times 
engrossed the attention of Mr. Connell was that 
of superintendent for three years of the Eagle 
Golden Milling Company (commonly known as 
the Saginaw camp), nine miles southwest of 
Tucson. He was one of those who compiled the 
city charter, and he issued the first, second and 
third edition of the Tucson City directory. He 
is also secretary of the city volunteer fire de- 
partment. In local politics Mr. Connell has 
played a prominent part, and adheres strictly 
to the principles and issues of the Repub- 
lican party. During 1884-5 ne served as dep- 
uty United States marshal under Z. L. Tidball, 
and is ex-chairman of the Republican county 
central committee, having served in that ca- 
pacity two different times. When City Recorder 
Judd died in 1893, Mr. Connell was appointed 
to take his place, and was elected city recorder 
the following year, and re-elected in 1896 and 
1898. In March, 1901, he was appointed by 
Governor Murphy member of the board of 
trustees of the Arizona Reform School, located 
at Benson. He is secretary of the board, his 
headquarters being at Tucson. 

May 2, 1882, Mr. Connell married Susan A. 
Moore, of Globe, Ariz., who died February 20, 
1895. Of this union there are three children, 
namely: Frances S., who was the first white 
child born on the San Carlos Indian reservation ; 
Henrietta F., and Robert Moo: e. Mr. Connell is 
fraternally associated with the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, the Reel Men and the 
Knights of Pythias. He was formerly secretary 
of the company of Sons of Veterans. 


Now in the prime of early manhood, Charles 
Bauer of Mesa was born three decades ago, 
March 20, 1871, in Alsace. His parents, George 
and Caroline (Schwartz) Bauer, were natives of 
Alsace and Lorraine, respectively, both now 
provinces under the jurisdiction of the German 
crown. The father, after a long and useful life, 
passed to the better land, and the mother is still 
living in Alsace. Their son George, much 
older than the subject of this article, came to 
the United States and lived in Arizona for nearly 
a quarter of a century. He was a man of great 
ambition and energy, and experienced the vi- 

cissitudes of a pioneer life here. Early in the 
'O/DS he settled on the homestead now owned 
by Charles Bauer, and, after making many val- 
uable improvements here, he was summoned to 
the silent land, his death occurring on New 
Year's Day, 1898. The love and genuine regard 
of this entire community was his to a marked 
degree, and his memory is cherished by his in- 
numerable friends. 

The boyhood and youth of Charles Bauer 
was passed in his native land, and, having served 
an apprenticeship of three years as a cook in 
the city of Strasburg, Germany, he decided to 
come to America. In May, 1888, he landed in 
the United States, and at once continued his 
journey toward the setting sun. For a short 
time after reaching his destination -San Fran- 
cisco he was employed at his trade, but soon 
obtaining a better position in a large establish- 
ment where confectionery was manufactured, he 
continued in that line of business for two years 
and a half. In January, 1898, he came to Mesa, 
and since that time has lived at his present home, 
formerly the property owned by his brother, 
George Bauer. The place comprises one hun- 
dred and six and two-thirds acres, all under ex- 
cellent cultivation and very productive. The 
town of Mesa is situated at a convenient dis- 
tance, supplies thus being readily obtained. In 
his political faith Mr. Bauer is a Republican, 
while in religious belief he is a Lutheran. 

January 27, 1891, the marriage of Charles 
Bauer and Augusta Mardberg, a native of Swe- 
den, was celebrated in this locality. A son and 
a daughter bless their home, namely, Carrie A. 
and Charles G. By their sterling qualities Mr. 
and Mrs. Bauer have become well liked in their 
neighborhood, and they have every reason to 
look forward to a future of prosperity and hap- 


W. C. Bashford, son of Hon. Coles Bashford, 
at one time governor of Wisconsin and later 
attorney-general, congressman, and secretary of 
Arizona for two terms, in fact, for several dec- 
ades occupying public positions exalted and 
highly responsible, is one of the most influential 
business men of Prescott, having resided here for 



twenty-seven years. A sketch of the remark- 
able career of his father appears elsewhere in this 
volume, and will be perused with interest by 
everyone interested in Arizona, of which he truly 
was one of the most influential founders and pio- 

Born at Oshkosh, Wis., April 5, 1853, at the 
time that his father, the future governor of that 
state, was representing the people in the Wiscon- 
sin senate, W. C. Bashford was reared to a lofty 
ideal of duty and principle. His education was 
pursued in the common and high schools of his 
native place. In November, 1873, he went to 
San Diego, Cal., where he spent the winter, and 
in the spring of 1874 located permanently in 
Prescott. Here he soon embarked in the mer- 
cantile career which has made his name well 
known, not only throughout the territory, but 
indeed, throughout the southwest, as his deal- 
ings with surrounding states and territories have 
been extensive. He, with his partner, R. H. 
Burmister, associated himself with Levi Bash- 
ford in 1874, under the firm name of L. Bash- 
ford & Co. In 1886 the firm of W. C. Bashford 
& Co. was formed, and later it transacted busi- 
ness under the name of Bashford & Burmister. 
In 1892 the Bashford & Burmister Company 
was incorporated, with our subject as secretary 
and treasurer. Largely owing to his enterprise 
and well-directed energy the business prospered, 
and after having been associated with the great 
mercantile firm for twenty-one years, he resigned 
in 1895 f rom the management, preferring to de- 
vote his entire attention to his numerous mining 
and other investments. 

It is safe to make the assertion that no citizen 
of Prescott has been more deeply concerned in 
its improvement and prosperity than has been 
W. C. Bashford. Active in organizing the Pres- 
cott National Bank, he served on its board of di- 
rectors for several years. Following in the po- 
litical footsteps of his illustrious father, one of 
the first champions of the Republican party, he 
has accomplished much for it in this territory, 
having acted on the Arizona territorial commit- 
tee almost continuously since he arrived at ma- 
turity, and from 1892-4 being chairman of the 
same influential body. For one term he was a 
member of the Arizona territorial board of equal- 
ization, and in the fall of 1886 was honored by 

election to the important position of county 
treasurer of Yavapai county, in which capacity 
he acted efficiently and to the entire satisfaction 
of the public from January, 1887, to January, 
1889. In addition to this, he held the office of 
city treasurer of Prescott for three terms and 
long ago fully demonstrated his superior finan- 
cial ability and absolute integrity. 

In the Centennial yearW. C. Bashford married 
Miss Mary Louise Evans, a native of Ohio, the 
ceremony which united their destinies being sol- 
emnized in Prescott. They have ever been wel- 
comed in the best and most cultured society 
circles, here and elsewhere, and enjoy the ac- 
quaintance of a host of friends. 


From the earliest history of Tombstone to the 
present day, the life and efforts of Mr. Emanuel 
have been inalienably associated with whatever 
of merit has been instituted for the well being of 
the community. As he himself expresses it, he 
has seen "the rise and fall of the empire," and he 
is one of those who have tarried in the wake of 
the departed silver prestige, firm in the belief 
that from the plans of the cool-headed residents 
of today will emerge a city with all of the enter- 
prise, but less of the feverish uncertainty of the 
past. And to every effort for advancement he 
has lent the influence of his name, whether it be 
educational, commercial or social, for in this re- 
mote mining city of the west there is no truer- 
hearted man, or one more in touch with the re- 
finements and better things of life, than is the 
present chief executive of the city of Tombstone. 

For the greater part of his life Mr. Emanuel 
has been interested in the mining and other ven- 
tures of the west. Born in the city of Philadel- 
phia, Pa., at a very early age he left his native 
place and was educated at Burlington, N. J. In 
1850 he came to California by way of the isth- 
mus, and upon locating in San Francisco, be- 
gan at the bottom of the commission business as 
a clerk for Bryant & Paxton. He subsequently 
engaged in the same line of work on his own re- 
sponsibility, living in all in San Francisco for ten 
years. In Virginia City, Nev., to which he later 
moved, he became interested in the milling busi- 
ness with Golden Curry Mining Company, and 


acted as their foreman for two years. The fol- 
lowing nine months were spent with the Yellow 
Jacket Company. In 1864 he started a livery 
business in Virginia City, in partnership with the 
late C. H. Light, and speculated and mined 
somewhat. In 1870 he removed to Pioche, Nev., 
and entered upon a long career of freighting for 
different mining companies, including the 
Meadow Valley Mining Company and the Ray- 
mond and Ely companies. For the hauling of 
the miners' ore Mr. Emanuel and his partner em- 
ployed mule teams, and possessed in all a herd 
of about two hundred and ten of these animals. 
In 1878 they took their teams over to Cande- 
laria, in Nevada, which was then a new mining 
camp, and later went to the McCraken mine, 
near Wickenburg, Ariz. During this time he 
still lived in Nevada, and his partner took the 
teams around the country. In January of 1880 
he located in Tombstone, bringing the teams 
with him, and hauled the ore for the Contention 
and Grand Central companies until 1882 when 
they sold their teams and went out of the freight- 
ing business. 

In the fall of 1880 Mr. Emanuel assumed 
charge of the Vizina mine, and superintended its 
operations until it was eventually closed down. 
He then filled a like capacity with the Santa 
Rosa Mining Company in Sonora, Mexico, until 
that visionary expectation also terminated. At 
the present time he owns nine mining claims, all 
patented, in the Tombstone district, and former- 
ly owned one in the Turquoise district, the latter 
being copper and the others silver. 

In politics a Republican, Mr. Emanuel voted 
in 1856 for his personal friend, J. C. Fremont, 
for president. His political career was practical- 
ly initiated in December of 1889, when he was 
appointed clerk of the district court, which posi- 
tion he still holds. In 1892 he was appointed 
railroad commissioner, and in 1897 district court 
and United States court commissioner. In 1896 
he was elected to the highest municipal office 
within the gift of the people, re-elected mayor in 
1898, and again in 1900, with no opposition. The 
administration of this capable executive has met 
with universal approval, and his tact, discretion 
and ready adjustment of complicated affairs have 
more than justified the long standing confidence 
placed in him. 

Mr. Emanuel is variously interested fraternal- 
ly, and among his affiliations may be mentioned 
the Odd Fellows, of which he has been a member 
since 1870, and of which he is past noble grand 
and past grand representative of the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge; the local lodge of Knights of 
Pythias, of which he is past chancellor, having 
filled the chair for six years and being the pres- 
ent incumbent. He is also a member of the Uni- 
form Rank, K. of P., and of the Bisbee Encamp- 
ment, I. O. O. F. Among the many outside in- 
terests which command the attention of Mr. 
Emanuel is a large blacksmith and wagon shop, 
in fact, the only one in the town, which he owns 
and operates. He is the possessor of a beautiful 
home in the city of his adoption, which is ideally 
surrounded with a well-kept lawn wherein are 
grown one hundred and twenty-six varieties of 
the rose. In his various journeyings the owner 
thereof has amassed a large store of general in- 
formation, and a well-selected library is indica- 
tive of his excellent literary tastes, and his fine 
knowledge of current literature. He owns con- 
siderable other Tombstone property, and a ranch 
on the San Pedro river. 


C. W. Barnett, assessor of Maricopa county 
and one of the leading citizens of Phoenix, has 
been actively identified with the business inter- 
ests of this territory for twenty years, and occu- 
pies a position of no little importance in connec- 
tion with its political affairs. His entire life has 
been spent on the Pacific slope, being born in 
San Bernardino county, Cal., sixty miles south of 
Los Angeles, September 29, 1858. 

William Barnett, the father of our subject, 
was a native of New York state and a son of 
Samuel Barnett, a soldier of the war of 1812 and 
a farmer by occupation. At an early day the 
latter removed to Illinois, and subsequently be- 
came a resident of California, his last days be- 
ing spent in Ventura. He was of English de- 
scent, and belonged to rn old New England fam- 
ily. William Barnett was a young man when he 
accompanied his father on his removal from Illi- 
nois to California in 1847. They crossed the 
plains with ox teams via the Platte river route, 
passing through Salt Lake City and the Southern 



Pass, and settling in what is now San Bernar- 
dino county. Later William Barnett was inter- 
ested in the development of coal lands in San 
Diego county, and in 1862 went to Ventura 
county, where he was engaged in farming for two 
years. Subsequently he conducted a hotel in the 
city of Ventura until coming to Arizona in 1881. 
He located on a ranch at Mesa, and to its man- 
agement devoted his energies until called to his 
final rest in 1898. He participated in the early 
Indian wars in California, and experienced all 
the hardships and privations of pioneer life. 
Fraternally he was a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He married Helen M. 
Sirrine, a native of New York City, who died at 
the home in Mesa prior to the death of her hus- 
band. Her father, Rev. T. Sirrine, was also born 
in New York City of Scotch ancestry, and died 
at the age of thirty-three years. Our subject is 
the second in order of birth in a family of five 
children, the others being J. H., a druggist of 
Mesa; George S., an employe of the Globe Short 
Line Railroad ; Warren W., a merchant of Mesa, 
and Samuel T., a dairyman living near Mesa. 

C. W. Barnett grew to manhood in Southern 
California, and received a good common school 
education, graduating from the high school of 
Ventura. At an early age he became interested 
in photography, and was engaged in that busi- 
ness in Bodie, Cal., in 1879, and later in the 
mining camps of Nevada. Coming to Arizona 
in 1881, he conducted a gallery at Mesa for one 
year, and then built a studio at Phoenix, on the 
present site of the Valley Bank. There he en- 
gaged in photography as a member of the firm 
of Rothrock & Barnett until 1894, and took first 
premiums for both portraits and views at the 
first territorial fair. During all this time Mr. 
Barnett was also successfully conducting a ranch 
of three hundred acres near Mesa, which is one 
of the finest places in the valley. For four 
years the filled the contract to furnish Fort Mc- 
Dowell with two hundred acres of alfalfa, it be- 
ing the largest contract given to any one party. 
Mr. Barnett resided upon his ranch from 1894 
until 1897, but in January of the latter year re- 
turned to Phoenix, having been appointed dep- 
uty county recorder under F. W. Sheridan. In 
1898 he was the Republican candidate for county 
assessor, and in 1900 his name was placed on 

the party ticket as candidate for county collector. 
He has always taken a very active and promi- 
nent part in political affairs, and at different 
times has been a member of the county central 
committee and the territorial committee. 

At Phoenix occurred the marriage of Mr. 
Barnett and Miss Hattie E. Barnum, a native of 
Prescott, Ariz., and a daughter of Thomas Bar- 
num. He was born in Potsdam, N. Y., and at 
an early day came to Prescott as a government 
contractor and freighter. She was educated in 
the Phoenix schools, and later was a student in 
Chicago. By her marriage to our subject she 
has become the mother of two children-, Clarence 
C. and Ethel May. Fraternally Mr. Barnett is 
a member of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, the Artisans and the Knights of Pythias. 
In business affairs he has met with well deserved 
success, and is still the owner of a fine ranch of 
one hundred and sixty acres on the Consolidated 
canal, south of Mesa. He is widely and favor- 
ably known throughout Maricopa county, and 
those who know him best are numbered among 
his warmest friends. 


Elected to represent this district in the twenty- 
first session of the Arizona legislature, Hon. 
A. C. Bernard of Tucson stands high in the 
councils of the Democratic party. He also 
served in the Nineteenth legislative assembly, 
acting as chairman of the committee on claims, 
as well as the judiciary committee, and mean 
time winning the regard of his associates and 
the public. Prior to his election to that office 
he had been deputy clerk of the United States 
district court for the first district of Arizona, 
holding that position until he was called to the 
higher one. Both in public office and in private 
life his course has been marked by uprightness, 
independence and a genuine consideration for 
the rights of the people, which accounts for his 
popularity. In the twenty-first legislative as- 
sembly he secured the passage of an act en- 
abling the city of Tucson to perfect title to all 
property sold by the city, and in both the twen- 
tieth and twenty-first sessions was recognized 
as the Democratic leader of the house. 

The father of our subject, Joab Bernard, was 
born in Virginia in 1800. At an early period he 



removed to Westport, Mo., and became one of 
the pioneer freighters of the west. For many 
years he was engaged in mercantile dealings with 
the people of Santa Fe and Las Cruces region, 
experiencing the great dangers and hardships in- 
cident to life on the frontier of civilization. He 
married Arabella Bier, who was born in Mary- 
land and died in Tucson, Ariz., in November, 
1899, at the age of eighty-four years. Of their 
two sons and six daughters, six are yet living. 
One of the sons, N. W. Bernard, is a supervisor 
of Pima county. A daughter, Mrs. Mary 
Agnirre, resides in Arizona, and the family his- 
tory appears more fully in her sketch. 

At Westport, Mo., A. C. Bernard was born 
February u, 1859. After completing his ele- 
mentary studies he attended the high school in 
Kansas City, Mo., for some time. Then he went 
to La Junta, Colo., and from there came to Tuc- 
son in 1876. For a year he was connected with 
the surveying corps in charge of Theodore F. 
White. Later he became a clerk for the mercan- 
tile house of Tully, Ochoa & Co., which firm was 
financially ruined by the advent of the Southern 
Pacific Railroad. At the age of twenty-four Mr. 
Bernard went to Fort Bowie, Ariz., and for about 
a year was proprietor of a general trading store. 
Then, returning to Tucson, he obtained a posi- 
tion as a clerk. At the same time he embarked 
in the cattle business at Arivaca. Gradually he 
extended his possessions and bought and sold 
cattle and lands on a commission basis in dif- 
ferent sections of the territories and Sonora, 

Since 1898 Mr. Bernard has given his entire 
attention to the Tucson Ice and Cold Storage 
Company, which manufactures ice for the whole- 
sale and retail trade, and owns machinery hav- 
ing a capacity of twenty tons per day. The com- 
pany has the local agency for the Anheuser- 
Busch Brewing Company's products, and has a 
large bottling plant, besides dealing extensively 
in coal. Under the able management of Mr. 
Bernard much has been accomplished within the 
past three years, and the trade has been greatly 
extended. He is a member of the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks and is exalted ruler in 
the local lodge, besides being connected with 
the Elks Club, and is actively interested in the 
Woodmen of the World. 

At Westport, Mo., occurred the marriage of 
"Mr. Bernard to Miss Minnie Chouteau, grand- 
daughter of Pierre Chouteau, founder of St. 
Louis. She was born in Shawnee, Kans., and re- 
ceived a liberal education. The two sons of 
Mr. and Mrs. Bernard, Allan C., Jr., and Fred- 
erick H., are students in the University of Ari- 


Since entering upon his service as county re- 
corder of Mohave county, Mr. Feeny has won 
the high esteem of the public by his able and 
conscientious service in official positions. He 
was first elected to this responsible place in 
1898, and discharged his duties so well that he 
was a popular candidate at the expiration of his 
term, and at the polls received^ majority vote 
of two hundred and nine, over John C. Potts, a 
pioneer and favorite citizen of this county. Since 
becoming a permanent settler of this territory 
Mr. Feeny has been one of its most useful citi- 

Though a native of Boston, Mass., born in 
1858, our subject was reared in the west, as his 
parents removed to Virginia City, Nev., when 
he was about a year old, and continued to make 
their home in that place for eighteen years. His 
education was completed in San Francisco, and 
in 1874 he received the first prize in a cornpeti- 
tive test in penmanship. In 1878, during the 
mining excitement at Bodie, Cal., he went to 
that point, but soon returned to Virginia City, 
where he had been interested in mining enter- 
prises for some time. For seven years he was 
connected with the Nevada National Guard, of 
which he was a lieutenant two years. Later he 
mined in San Bernardino county, Cal., and in 
the vicinity of Providence in the same county. 

In 1882 Mr. Feeny came to Arizona and pros- 
pected in the very locality near Jerome, in which 
the United Verde mine has since been developed. 
He remained there for two years and superin- 
tended the construction of many of the buildings 
put up by the company which owns the mine just 
mentioned. In 1884 he went to the southern 
part of Arizona and with Judge Walker engaged 
in operating the Vekol mine. Subsequently he 
made a trip through San Bernardino county, 



Cal., and through Death valley to Eureka, Nev., 
where he leased and managed the Banner mines 
for eight months. Then for six months he lived 
in San Francisco, and in 1887 went to Bisbee and 
Tombstone, Ariz.; then accepting a position as 
mine carpenter at Georgetown, Cal., where he 
was located six months. During the ensuing 
two years he was associated with mining com- 
panies of Forest Hill, Placer county, same state, 
and in 1892 became superintendent of the G. A. 
R. group in the White Hills district of Mohave 
county, Ariz. Since that time he has personally 
mined and prospected near Chloride and Mineral 
Park, meeting with quite gratifying success. 

Mr. Feeny has a wide acquaintance in mining 
circles and is considered a practical, progressive 
business man. In political ranks he is an ardent 
Democrat and makes a point of attending con- 
ventions of the party. He was a delegate to the 
territorial convention which assembled at Phoe- 
nix in 1900, and at the present time is secretary 
of the county central committee of Mohave 
county. Besides belonging to the Miners' 
Union he is affiliated with Kingman Lodge No. 
468, Order of Elks, and is a member of the 
Kingman Comedy Club, for which his native 
talents have peculiarly fitted him. In connec- 
tion with his public position of county recorder, 
he is ex-officio clerk of the board of supervisors 
of Mohave county. 

In his domestic relations Mr. Feeny is espe- 
cially fortunate. His marriage to Miss Mary 
Hackett, of San Diego, Cal., took place in 1896, 
and they are the parents of a promising little 
son, John P., Jr. 


The phenomenal prosperity of Phoenix is just- 
ly attributed to her exceptionally enterprising 
business men, for whom no project, seemingly, 
is too difficult, and who possess a public spirit 
which is rarely equaled. To one well acquainted 
with the characteristics of our citizens it appears 
that Phoenix is a cornucopia of wealth and prog- 
ress, ever pressing forward to greater achieve- 
ments, and foremost in the ranks is J. J. Gardi- 
ner, whom all honor and hold in genuine esteem. 

A grandson of John and son of George Gardi- 
ner, he was born June 21, 1841, in Gloucester- 

shire, England, of which locality his ancestors 
were residents for generations, their occupation 
being farming and stock-raising. The father 
lived to the ripe age of eighty-five, and his wife 
Mary, mother of our subject, departed this life 
in Phoenix in her eightieth year. She, too, was 
born and reared in Gloucestershire, the daughter 
of Isaac Thompson. Of her eight children three 
have passed to the better land, three are in Eng- 
land, and two in Arizona: J. J. and his sister, 
Mrs. Thomas, who resides near Phoenix 

Though his youth was spent upon the old 
farm, J. J. Gardiner learned the business of a 
millwright and machinist, being employed in a 
flour-mill at the age of eighteen. In 1862 he de- 
termined to seek his fortune in the New World, 
and after a four weeks' voyage in the sailing ves- 
sel "John J. Boyd," arrived in the United States 
and located in Omaha, Neb. In partnership with 
Henry Clifford he bought some teams and for 
several years was engaged in freighting across 
the plains. His first trip was to Salt Lake City, 
whence he went to Montana and Nebraska. The 
Indians being very troublesome and a constant 
menace to travelers, they only went in large 
companies, and though some were not so fortu- 
nate, Mr. Gardiner never was seriously molested, 
and was financially prospered. In 1869 he went 
to Los Angeles, and in the following year came 
to Arizona, since which time, three momentous 
decades of territorial history, has been closely 
associated with its development. For twelve 
years he engaged in hauling supplies from Yuma 
to Tucson, Camp Grant and Prescott, as well as 
to different mining camps in the mountains. In 
this service he had five wagons, each provided 
with ten mules, and frequently as much as six 
tons were transported in a trip. 

Prior to 1882 Mr. Gardiner had invested a 
large amount in Phoenix property, among them 
the machine and blacksmith shop at the corner 
of Adams and Second streets. This was carried 
on under his supervision and in 1886 the fine 
city water-works plant was inaugurated, he being 
made the president of the company. Large wells 
were made and a well-equipped plant was placed 
in running order. A stand-pipe one hundred 
feet high was built, a pressure of .forty pounds 
was maintained, and perhaps no one improve- 
ment has done so great a service to the city as 



this great undertaking, with which Mr. Gardi- 
ner was connected until 1890. About 1888 he 
organized the Phoenix Electric Light Company, 
of which he was the president until he sold out 
to the present management. The fine modern 
works were built under his direction on block 
19. The first planing-mill in this place was built 
and operated by him for some time, and he also 
carried on the contract for the building known 
as the city hall, the Valley Bank building, and 
many other well known structures. In 1894 the 
largest flour-mill in this territory was built by 
him, and for six years he was at the head of 
the enterprise, then leasing it to the present 
manager. These mills, situated at the corner of 
Second and Adams streets, are 300x300 feet in 
dimensions (including warehouse); the latest 
roller-process is employed, and the mill has a 
capacity of one hundred and twenty barrels a 
day. Space is lacking in which to chronicle his 
many business enterprises, but a fair idea of his 
multifarious interests can be gained from the 
above. A finely improved farm which he owns, 
of one hundred and sixty acres, situated three 
miles from Phoenix, amply testifies to his genius 
as an agriculturist. In no wise a politician, and 
not an aspirant to public office, yet well posted 
on the issues of the day, he uses his ballot in 
favor of the Republican party. 

In this city the marriage of Mr. Gardiner and 
Miss Laura B. Franklin occurred, and their two 
children are Charles and Mary. Mrs. Gardiner 
was born in Los Angeles and was educated in 
Mills College, Oakland, Cal. Her father, Samuel 
Franklin, was a pioneer farmer of California and 
now is engaged in mining near Prescott, Ariz. 

On New Year's day, 1901, George B. Gamble 
entered upon the duties of the office of treasurer 
of Graham county, to which he had been elected 
on the regular Democratic ticket in November, 
1900. That he is well qualified to occupy this 
responsible position is shown by the fact of his 
own success in the business world and by the 
strict fidelity with which he always has met every 
obligation placed upon his shoulders. He has 
given his allegiance to the Democratic party 
since becoming a voter and is a valued worker in 
the ranks. 

Our subject comes of a family noted for pa- 
triotism, and his father, Gen. James Gamble, was 
a hero of the war of 1812. He was one of the 
first white settlers in Polk county, Tenn., and 
was appointed military drill-master in his local- 
ity, being commissioned as a general after the 
war of 1812. Both he and his wife, Susan Bee- 
ler, died in Tennessee, and it is worthy of men- 
tion that Mrs. Gamble was one of the last wid- 
ows of veterans of our second war with Great 
Britain who drew a pension therefor. 

George B. Gamble was born in Benton, Polk 
county, Tenn., October i, 1860, and in his youth 
had slight educational advantages. Neverthe- 
less, being of a practical nature, he thoroughly 
learned the business of a machinist and at the 
age of seventeen came to the west. For six 
years he was employed in the Georgetown (N. 
M.) distiict, and set up the first engine in that 
locality. In 1883 he came to Graham county 
and was with the Arizona Copper Company for 
a period, then was in the employ of the Detroit 
Copper Company four years as engineer, later 
running a locomotive on their short line of rail- 
road for eight years. At one time he had charge 
of the four and a half ton engine which was con- 
veyed over mountains and plains eight hun- 
dred miles, drawn by oxen. 

In 1889 Mr. Gamble visited the valley of the 
Gila and was so favorably impressed by it that 
he invested in one hundred and twenty acres of 
land, situated about half-way between Solomon- 
ville and Safford, on the main road. It was not 
until November, 1899, that he located upon this 
place, however, but since that date he has been 
actively engaged in its improvement, and today 
the farm is a very desirable piece of property. A 
handsome modern brick dwelling was built by 
the owner recently, and fences, shade trees and 
numerous other features contribute to the thrifty 
appearance of the place. 

In 1881 Mr. Gamble married Miss Jesusita 
Cordoba, of New Mexico. They are the parents 
of three daughters and five sons. James A. and 
William E. are employed in the store at Clifton. 
Josie, Lena, George, Thomas, Anna and Ed- 
ward, the younger ones, are at home. 

In the Masonic order Mr. Gamble is a charter 
member of the blue lodge at Safford. He also 
is connected with the Spanish-American Alii- 



ance, his membership being with the Clifton 
lodge. A patriotic citizen, he favors good schools 
and all institutions calculated to benefit the com- 
munity and the country in general. He is de- 
serving of great credit for the excellent personal 
record he has made in the journey of life, for he 
started out empty-handed and has been the arch- 
itect of his own fortunes. 

knowledge of all sides of the mining business 
than has Mr. Gray. 


Henry J. Gray, who is eminently fitted by edu- 
cation and training for the responsible position 
of superintendent of the Tombstone Mill & Min- 
ing Company, was born in Harrisonburg, Rock- 
ingham county, Va., and is a son of Henry J. 
and Annie Gray. 

Mr. Gray was reared to habits of industry and 
thrift in his native state of Virginia, and after 
finishing his studies in the public schools of his 
locality attended the Norwood College, at Nor- 
wood, Va. Upon starting out in the world for 
himself he sought the larger possibilities of the 
west, and in Colorado engaged in surveying on 
the Durango branch of the Denver & Rio 
Grande Railroad. Upon taking up his residence 
in the crude but rapidly developing town of 
Tombstone in 1882, he was soon after employed 
as assayer by the Tombstone Mill & Mining 
Company, and remained in the position until 
1894, at which time his former acceptable serv- 
ices resulted in his appointment to the position 
of manager of the company. At the time of the 
company's change of ownership he retained his 
responsible place, and is still connected with the 
concern as superintendent. 

Independently Mr. Gray is interested in pros- 
pecting and mining in the Tombstone mountains. 
The Tough Mountain group, which are under 
the jurisdiction of the Tombstone Mill & Mining 
Company, consists of eighteen claims in the 
Tombstone mountains, which are wonderfully 
rich in gold and silver ore. Mr. Gray is particular- 
ly familiar with the enormous boom and subse- 
quent decline in the fortunes of the city which 
rose as if by magic in the midst of one of the 
greatest mining localities in the world. He is 
fortunately beyond the misfortune of individual 
investors who have staked all and lost, and it is 
doubtful if any in the locality has a keener 


The science of law in Phoenix has an able ex- 
ponent in Mr. Bullard, who has lived in Arizona 
since 1886, and therefore claims a long standing 
familiarity with the conditions existing in this 
territory of wonderful promise and resource. 

A native of Portland, Ore., Mr. Bullard was 
born April 14, 1868, and is a son of Lowell J. 
Bullard, who was born in Framingham, Mass. 
The paternal grandfather was a farmer -in Mas- 
sachusetts, and came from an old New England 
family. The Bullards were first represented in 
America by one of their number who emigrated 
from England in 1620, from whom sprang de- 
scendants who distinguished themselves in their 
various localities, and fought for their country's 
cause when duty or inclination called. Some of 
them served in the Revolutionary war. Lowell 
Bullard is a man of forceful character and distin- 
guished attainments, who, in the early days, 
crossed the plains and lived for several years in 
San Francisco. Following a later inclination he 
removed to Panama, and is now a resident of 
Old Mexico. He is filling the position of direc- 
tor-general of the American Travelers' Insur- 
ance Company, and is president of the American 
Club of Mexico City. 

On the maternal side also the connections are 
distinguished, the Purdy family being promi- 
nently identified with the early history of Cali- 
fornia, while later members were connected with 
historical and scientific research at home and in 
Egypt. Mrs. Bullard was formerly Virginia 
Purdy, a native of White Plains, N. Y. The 
paternal grandfather, ex-Governor Samuel 
Purdy of California, was born in New York, and 
went to California in 1849. His occupation at 
the time was that of a general merchant, and 
his affairs were conducted first in Sacramento, 
and later in San Francisco. He was elected 
lieutenant-governor for one term under Gov- 
ernor Bigler, and died in San Francisco in 1884, 
while serving as chairman of the city hall com- 
mission. Governor Purdy had an incorruptible 
nature, and made a courageous stand for right in 
the management of the affairs that came to him 
for approval. A water bill was introduced 



which was a veiled attempt to appropriate the 
water front of San Francisco, and when the mat- 
ter became a tie and was up to Governor Purdy, 
he refused a bribe of $50,000 and voted it down. 
His son, Sparrow Purdy, went with Mr. Stone 
to Egypt, where he was called Purdy Pasha, and 
where he eventually died. He was a member of 
the Royal Geographical Society of Europe. 
Mrs. Bullard died in Baltimore, Md., in 1889. 
She was the mother of two children, one son 
and one daughter, of whom George P. is the 

Until his fourth year George P. Bullard lived 
in California, and after that lived in Massachu- 
setts until twelve years of age. He subsequently 
spent some time in Chicago, Baltimore, Md., 
and New York, in all of which places he at- 
tended the public schools, and graduated from 
the high school at Framingham, Mass. In 1886 
he sought the possibilities of the far west, and 
came to Yuma, Ariz., where his desire for legal 
training was fortunately obtainable under the 
able instruction of his uncle, Samuel Purdy, Jr. 
In 1889 he was admitted to the California bar, 
and at once began the establishment of a suc- 
cessful practice in San Francisco. In the mean- 
time his mother had married C. D. Ralyea, and 
Mr. Bullard conducted his business affairs under 
his stepfather's name, and in partnership with 
C. H. King. In 1894 he located in Yuma for 
four months, and while there received an order 
from the courts to assume his father's name, 
and from then to the present time has lived un- 
der the name of Bullard. Upon removing to 
Phoenix. Mr. Bullard began to engage in a gen- 
eral practice of law, and has been most success- 
ful in his undertakings. Under District At- 
torney Williams he served as deputy for one 
year, and is the present city attorney of Phoe- 
nix, to which office he was elected in 1900. 

In June of 1899 Mr. Bullard was united in 
marriage with Kate C. Fisk, born in Coloma, 
Eldorado county, Cal., and a daughter of Henry 
Brockway Fisk, a native of New York state. 
Henry Fisk went to California in 1849, and en- 
gaged in a general merchandise business in El 
Dorado county, where he eventually died. His 
wife, formerly Ellen E. Comer, is living in Ak- 
ron, Ohio. Mr. Bullard is a Democrat, and in 
the fall of 1900 was nominated for district at- 

torney. Fraternally he is associated with the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, and with 
the Woodmen of the World. He is variously 
interested in the most substantial enterprises of 
the town, and numbers among the responsibili- 
ties outside of the practice of his profession that 
of president of the Arizona Copper Gold Mining 
Company; secretary of the Arizona Lime Com- 
pany, and a stockholder in the Elks' Building 
Association. Mr. Bullard has the fine and sub- 
stantial traits of mind and character which so 
materially aid in the stability of growth in the 
city of his adoption, and which are supplemented 
by a genial temperament, the forerunner of pop- 
ularity and success. 


A large proportion of the work in Coconino 
county involving grave complications falls for 
legal adjustment into the capable hands of Mr. 
Doe. A member of the bar at Flagstaff, his 
reputation as a profound and erudite student of 
the law is by no means confined to the limits of 
his ambitious little town, but extends through- 
out and beyond the county, representing a large 
general practice, as well as arduous accomplish- 
ment along special lines. 

The education and character-foundation of 
Mr. Doe were acquired in Iowa, whither his 
parents removed from Vermont in the early '503. 
He was born in Cabot, Washington county, Vt., 
in 1850, studied in the public schools of Iowa 
City, and was graduated from the collegiate de- 
partment of the Iowa State University in 1870, 
and from the law department of the same insti- 
tution the following year. For several years 
afterward he engaged in a general practice in 
Iowa, removing thence to Fort Worth, Tex., 
where he remained a few years. In the spring 
of 1887 he came to Flagstaff, and conducted a 
law practice in partnership with W. G. Stewart, 
the firm name being Stewart & Doe. Of great 
benefit to Mr. Doe was this association with Mr. 
Stewart, who, for several years before his death 
was a prominent politician, and active in the 
separation of Coconino county from Yavapai 
county. As a result of this separation, Mr Doe 
was appointed by Governor Irwin the first dis- 
trict attorney of the new county, and has since 



taken an active interest in local and territorial 
political matters, never departing from his alle- 
giance to the best tenets of the Republican party. 
The services of Mr. Doe are retained by the 
Saginaw Southern Railroad Company, the Sagi- 
naw Lumber Company, the Arizona Cattle Com- 
pany, the J. M. Dennis Company and the Ari- 
zona Central Bank. Besides these, he attends to 
the work of numerous local firms, the whole 
constituting about all of the important legal 
business of the county. For many years he has 
acted as attorney for the Santa Fe Pacific Rail- 
road Company. His practice carries him into 
. all of the courts of the territory, and his close 
attention to his profession, and the universal 
satisfaction which has attended his efforts has 
resulted in a wide popularity and confidence, as 
well as large pecuniary returns. Fraternally he 
is associated with the Elks. 


At the age of sixty-six years still an active 
business man of Safford, E. D. Tuttle is espe- 
cially deserving of mention in a territorial rec- 
ord. Like his ancestors, he has ever been a 
patriotic citizen of this republic, and here it may 
be stated that his grandfathers, Tuttle and Tay- 
lor, were heroes of the Revolutionary war, that 
his father was a soldier of the war of 1812, 
while he himself served in the Civil war, and his 
son, Arthur L., enlisted in the Spanish-American 
war and served throughout that conflict, going 
to Cuba with Buckie O'Neill's Troop A, First 
United States Volunteer Cavalry, a regiment 
commonly known as Roosevelt's Rough Riders, 
and commanded by Colonel Wood, now General 
Wood, governor-general of Cuba. Although 
he was only eighteen years old (being probably 
the youngest soldier in the regiment) he per- 
formed his duties as efficiently as any of his com- 
rades. Captain O'Neill was killed while leading 
his men at the battle of San Juan Hill. 

Born in Leroy, N. Y., November 19, 1834, 
Edward D. Tuttle is a son of Harvey and Lucy 
(Taylor) Tuttle, natives of Connecticut, and 
among the early settlers of western New York, 
where they took up their abode in 1816, pur- 
chasing their land from the proprietors of the 
Holland land purchase. Our subject spent the 

first fifteen years of his life in New York and 
then went to Milwaukee, Wis., where he .re- 
mained until February, 1852. That year wit- 
nessed his trip overland from St. Joseph, Mo., 
to the placer mines of California, and until the 
Civil war broke out he pursued his quest for 
mineral wealth. Enlisting as a private in the 
Fourth California Infantry, in August, 1861, he 
served until the close of the war, being mustered 
out at the Presidio, November 30, 1865. At 
Camp Sumner, September 21, 1861, he was pro- 
moted to the second lieutenancy, and in No- 
vember, 1862, at Benecia barracks, California, 
was made first lieutenant. While stationed at 
Fort Mohave, in 1864, he secured a leave of ab- 
sence and served as a member of the first terri- 
torial legislature from the second district, having 
been elected at the first election called by procla- 
mation of the first governor, John N. Goodwin, 
the legislature consisting of six members of the 
council and twelve members of the house. 

After the close of the war Mr. Tuttle was em- 
ployed as military storekeeper and quartermas- 
ter's agent in the regular army, being located at 
Yuma Depot, serving from 1866 to 1868. He 
then received the appointment of sutler at a 
cavalry post in northern Arizona, doing business 
there until February, 1869. 

For two years he was freight agent for the 
Colorado Steam Navigation Company at Yuma. 
Next he removed to California and devoted his 
time and means to farming until 1875. He then 
worked as bookkeeper for a San Francisco firm 
until March, 1877, when he located a farm near 
the site of the present town of Safford. At that 
time there were not more than a half-dozen 
white families in the whole valley. For two years 
he conducted a mercantile business, but his en- 
ergies have been chiefly given to the develop- 
ment of his farm. He now resides on his well- 
tilled and well-irrigated homestead of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, just adjoining Safford on 
the north. 

September 30, 1869, Mr. Tuttle and Marietta 
L. Robinson, of Summit, Wis., were married at 
Oakland, Cal. Their eldest daughter, Kate, was 
appointed postmaster at Safford August 21, 
1897, ar "d reappointed March 14, 1901 ; the office 
has been of the third class since January i, 1901. 
The youngest daughter, Frances E., is a student 



in the high school at San Jose, Cal., where the 
mother has kept house during the school year, 
the family owning a comfortable residence there. 
Lucy M. is a graduate of the San Jose graded 
schools. Mary R., a graduate of the California 
State Normal School, is now teaching in the pub- 
lic school of Safford. Edward W., who followed 
a two years' classical course at Stanford Univer- 
sity, is now a student in the law school of Michi- 
gan State University. Arthur L., the boy-soldier 
of 1898, who was attending Arizona University 
at the time of his enlistment, is now employed 
as engineer in charge of the gas engines in the 
reduction works of the Phelps-Dodge Copper 
Company at Nacosari, Mexico. 

Ever since the organization of the Republican 
party Mr. Tuttle has been one of its most loyal 
adherents. For four years after the formation 
of this county from Pima county he was clerk 
of the board of supervisors. For two years he 
also served as clerk of the district court, being 
the first to fill that office. As deputy county 
treasurer, in which capacity he served three 
years, he opened the first set of books for that 
department. As a justice of the peace for two 
terms, he assisted in preserving law and order. 
He is an active member and trustee of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church at Safford, to which he 
donated the ground for the house of worship 
and assisted financially in the building. 


From the pioneer days of Kentucky to the 
present time the distinguished family to which 
Colonel Breathitt belongs has been prominently 
identified with its history and progress. Among 
the first settlers of Maryland, from England were 
the Breathitts, who later located in Virginia, 
and in that state Edward, the great-grandfather 
of Colonel Breathitt, was born. With his family 
he went to Kentucky, settling in Logan county. 

His son, Gov. John Breathitt, was born in 
Prince Edward county, Va., and went with his 
father to Kentucky, becoming one of the lead- 
ing members of the bar in his adopted state. 
His successes, particularly in land litigation 
cases, won for him the genuine admiration of 
the public, and from early manhood the promi- 
nent part which he took in political matters 

brought him honors at the hands of his partisan 
friends. That he was personally popular is 
shown by the fact that he was elected lieutenant- 
governor of Kentucky at a time when the Whigs 
were in the ascendency, he being the only Dem- 
ocrat elected on the ticket. At the expiration of 
his four years' term as lieutenant-governor his 
name was proposed for the gubernatorial chair, 
and though the Whig majority in the state was 
about sixteen thousand, he was elected. After 
a service of nearly two years his death occurred, 
he being at that time in his forty-eighth year. 

During President Jackson's administration 
the responsible position of United States minis- 
ter at the court of St. James was proffered Gov- 
ernor Breathitt by the President, but he declined. 
The first legislature that convened after his elec- 
tion as governor was to choose a United States 
senator, and the joint ballot resulted in a Whig 
majority of sixteen. Each day for ninety days 
the assembly balloted on the question, but the 
dead-lock continued up to the time of the 
governor's death. He was held in high esteem, 
even by those of other political affiliations, wher- 
ever he was personally known. He belonged 
to no secret organization except the Masonic. 

Cardwell Breathitt, father of the Colonel, was 
a native of the Blue Grass state, and upon ar- 
riving at man's estate he entered the legal pro- 
fession. He was a resident and practitioner of 
Russellville, Logan county, Ky., until 1852, 
when he removed with his family to Arrow 
Rock, Mo. There he has made his home for 
nearly half a century, and is held in genuine re- 
gard by his large circle of acquaintances in that 
locality. His wife, Mary E., was a daughter of 
Philip Slaughter, a veteran o{ the war of 1812. 
A native of Kentucky, his daughter, Mrs. Breath- 
itt, was born in Russellville. The Slaugh- 
ters came from Culpeper county, Va., to Ken- 
tucky. While three of the sons and two of the 
daughters born to Cardwell Breathitt and wife 
are living, two have passed to the silent land, 
and the mother died some years ago in Missouri. 

Col. J. B. Breathitt was born in Russell- 
ville, Ky., and was reared chiefly in Missouri. 
In 1862, while quite a boy, he enlisted in Com- 
pany G, Second Missouri Cavalry, C. S. A., be- 
ing the youngest boy in his regiment. He was 
in the regiment commanded by Col. Bob 



McCullough, and after serving in Missouri for 
a short time was ordered to the thickest of the 
fray, taking part in the severe battles of Pea 
Ridge, Corinth, luka. Holly Springs and all of 
the engagements in which his regiment bore a 
part in Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama and 
Florida, surrendering to the Federal forces at 
Columbus, Miss., in 1865, at the close of the 

Returning home, the young man gave his at- 
tention to farming for several years, in the 
mean time devoting considerable leisure to the 
study of law under his father's instruction. Ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1875, he commenced the 
practice in Arrow Rock, Mo., and in the follow- 
ing year was elected prosecuting attorney of Sa- 
line county, and for that reason settled at Mar- 
shall, the county-seat, where he remained. After 
the expiration of the time for which he was 
elected he resumed the regular practice of law at 
Marshall. He continued to rise in his profes- 
sion, and also became a recognized factor in 
politics. In 1886 he was elected railroad com- 
missioner of Missouri, in which capacity he 
served for six years, being chairman of the board 
during the last two years, and several times at- 
tending national conventions of railway commis- 
sions at Washington, D. C. 

In January, 1893, Colonel Breathitt located in 
Kansas City, where he believed that a wider 
field of usefulness awaited him. In 1895 he 
was appointed by President Cleveland as special 
agent of the land department of the interior, 
and was located in Arizona. Though his head- 
quarters were in Tucson, his duties called him 
to all parts of the territory, and he continued in 
the office until June, 1897, when a change of ad- 
ministration led him to seek another line of en- 
terprise. That autumn he organized the Pima 
Investment & Trading Company, of which he 
is the president and general manager. He deals 
in real estate, mines and cattle, and by his sagac- 
ity and good business judgment has won an en- 
viable name in commercial circles. 

Like his forefathers, the Colonel is a firm and 
enthusiastic Democrat, and has taken a leading 
part in local and general conventions of the 
party. In Missouri it was a common saying 
that he had a wider acquaintance than any other 
man in the state, and for a quarter of a century 

he attended all of the state and national conven- 
tions of his party. In 1900 at the territorial con- 
vention at Phoenix he was unanimously elected 
national committeeman from Arizona and as- 
sisted the national committee in the campaign 
of that year. Fraternally he is a charter member 
of Lodge No. 385 of the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks. 


One of the honored pioneers of Prescott and 
one of the longest established in business in this 
city, Mr. Campbell is known far and wide in 
Arizona. Time and again has he been called to 
public positions of trust and honor. His Dem- 
ocratic friends elected him to represent Arizona 
as a delegate to Congress in 1878, and besides 
taking part in the deliberations of that assem- 
blage in the winters of 1879-80 and 1880-81, he 
served in the extra sessions of 1879. Though 
there were three other candidates in the field, 
he was elected by a plurality of five hundred and 
eighty votes, which was a good majority for that 
period and under the existing conditions. He 
won the sincere approbation of his constituents. 
Twice he was elected from Yavapai county to 
the territorial council of Arizona, and then de- 
clined further nomination, though certain of 
subsequent election. For several years he held 
the office of county supervisor and was chairman 
of the board three years. In each and all of 
these varied positions he worked in behalf of 
the people of his community and territory. 

On both sides of his family Mr. Campbell is 
of Old Scottish stock. His paternal grandfather, 
Archibald Campbell, was a native of Campbell- 
ton, Argyle, Scotland, and his maternal grand- 
father was James Hunter, a farmer near Stirling, 
Scotland. The parents of our subject were Rob- 
ert and Agnes (Hunter) Campbell, natives re- 
spectively of Glasgow and Stirling, Scotland, 
and both, like their ancestors, were stanch Pres- 
byterians. The father, who was a cabinet-maker 
by trade, carried on that business in Glasgow 
until 1841, when he came to the United States. 
For some time he dwelt in New York City and 
Jersey City, but died in the greater metropolis, 
where he had been long employed at his usual 
avocation. Only two of his ten children are now 



living, and three of his sons, James, Archibald 
and William, were heroes of the Civil war, be- 
longing to a New York regiment. 

The birth of J. G. Campbell took place in 
Glasgow, Scotland, June 27, 1827. He accom- 
panied his father to America in 1841, the rest of 
the family coming three years later, after a home 
had been made ready for them. The ship 
"Washington," on which the youth sailed across 
the Atlantic was sixty-one days upon the briny 
deep. He proceeded to Detroit, Mich., where 
he was apprenticed to the baker's and confec- 
tioner's trade, and evenings were passed by him 
in schools, for he felt the need of a better edu- 
cation. At the end of three years he returned 
to New York Qty, where he was employed at 
his trade for a similar period. 

In 1849 Mr. Campbell started for the gold 
fields of California, going to Vera Cruz, Mexico, 
and crossing that country in a northwesterly di- 
rection. He arrived at the Colorado river in 
July, crossing it near the present town of Yuma, 
and thence proceeding to San Francisco. For 
two years he engaged in mining on the Yuba 
river, and then carried on a ranch and cattle 
business in the Shasta valley, Siskiyou county, 
Cal., until 1854. The next three years were 
spent in Deadwood, Cal., where he was occupied 
in merchandising. In 1857 he went to Chili, 
South America, and for two years operated a 
general store, but the revolution of 1859 led to 
his return to San Francisco. The same year 
witnessed his arrival in Los Angeles, where he 
kept the old Lafayette hotel until 1861. He 
next went to San Francisco, and in the spring 
of 1863 came overland to the El Dorado canon. 
Making a raft, he made his way down the Colo- 
rado river to La Paz, Ariz., where he embarked 
in general merchandising, obtaining supplies 
from Los Angeles. 

In the autumn of 1864 Mr. Campbell came to 
Prescott, and during the thirty-one years which 
followed conducted a general store, which he 
sold in 1895. In the meantime he also was in- 
terested in the cattle business, embarking in 
that line in 1868 and keeping large herds, his 
ranch being in the Chino valley. In this enter- 
prise he was associated with two men, the firm 
name being Campbell, Buffun & Baker at first, 
and later, Campbell & Baker. Their brand was 

composed of the figures seven and six con- 
nected, the first stroke of the six being joined 
to the last downward line of the seven. This 
was the largest cattle firm in the territory for a 
great many years, as, indeed, the partners owned 
twice as many cattle as did any other firm. The 
dry seasons and adverse circumstances, however, 
played havoc with their immense herds, and it 
is estimated that they lost not less than ten thou- 
sand animals in four years. After struggling 
against the tide in vain, decade after decade, Mr. 
Campbell left the business. Of late years he has 
been the proprietor of the Depot House, a well- 
managed and prosperous hotel. He built the 
structure and has given his personal attention to 
every detail of the business, thus insuring com- 
fort and satisfaction to his guests. 

While in Washington, D. C., Mr. Campbell 
made the acquaintance of and married Miss 
Marguerite Malezieux, who is a native of Paris, 
France, and whose father held an office in the 
United States treasury department in Washing- 
ton. Six children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Campbell, three of whom are living, viz.: Louise, 
Frank Robert and Lillie Belle. 


Joseph Fish, of Holbrook, was born at Twelve 
Mile Grove, Will county, 111., June 27, 1840, be- 
ing a son of Horace and Hannah (Leavitt) Fish, 
natives of Canada. The grandfather, Joseph 
Fish, was a native of New Hampshire and a son 
of Nathan Fish, whose birth occurred in Massa- 
chusetts. The Fish family descends from En- 
glish ancestry, but has long been identified with 
American history, and one of the name served 
under Churchill in King Philip's war. Several 
members of his grandmother's family served in 
the colonial army during the Revolution and 
fought under Morgan as sharpshooters, assisting 
in the capture of General Burgoyne at Saratoga. 

The boyhood days of Horace Fish were spent 
in Canada, where his father resided from early 
manhood until death. However, he himself 
sought a more favorable location, and about 
1837 came to the states, settling in Will county, 
111., with his family. In 1846 he left Illinois and 
the next year settled in Council Bluffs, Iowa, 
but in 1850 went to Utah, having previously be- 




come a member of the Mormon Church. He 
died in southern Utah in 1870, and his wife 
passed away six years later. They were the 
parents of six children, all of whom survive, the 
youngest being fifty-three years of age at this 

In the village of Parowan, Iron county, Utah, 
the subject of this sketch received a limited edu- 
cation. March 22, 1859, he married Mary Camp- 
bell Steele, daughter of John and Catharine 
(Campbell) Steele, of southern Utah. From 
Scotland, their native land, Mr. and Mrs. Steele 
came to America about 1845. At that time their 
daughter, Mary C., who was born in Belfast, Ire- 
land, was five years old. She died in December, 
1874, leaving four daughters and two sons, all 
of whom survive. The second marriage of Mr. 
Fish took place May i, 1876, and united him 
with Adelaide, daughter of Jesse N. Smith, who 
is president of the Arizona Co-operative Mer- 
cantile Institution and in the Mormon Church 
acts as president of the Snowflake Stake. By 
his second marriage Mr. Fish has three sons. 

During his residence in Utah Mr. Fish was 
engaged in farming and the mercantile business. 
From 1865 to 1871, during the Indian cam- 
paigns, he was a member of the Utah Militia, 
Tenth Iron County Regiment, commanded by 
Ool. W. H. Dame, and at first held commission 
as lieutenant, later being promoted to the rank 
of major and aide-de-camp to the colonel. While 
in the service he took part in several Indian 
campaigns and engaged in a few skirmishes. He 
was admitted to the bar in Utah. For a few 
years he served as justice of the peace, for 
one term was treasurer of Iron county and for 
two terms served as county clerk of the same 
county. Politically he is a Republican. 

In January, 1879, Mr. Fish settled at Snow- 
flake, Ariz. During the greater part of the year 
1880 he had charge of the commissary depart- 
ment for the contractor in building the Atlantic 
& Pacific Railroad through the western part of 
New Mexico and eastern Arizona. In 1881 he 
became connected with the Arizona Mercantile 
Institution, which has claimed most of his time 
since, with the exception of three years spent on 
the Gila at Safford, in Graham county, where 
he engaged in the mercantile business and for 
a time had charge of a grist mill. During his 

residence in Safford he was elected, on the Re- 
publican ticket, a member of the house of the 
eighteenth legislature, and while in that body 
served as chairman of the committee on irriga- 
tion and a member of the judiciary and ways and 
means committees. 

It is said of Mr. Fish by those who know him 
well that he has qualities which adapt him 
peculiarly for the work of a historian. He occu- 
pied the position of stake recorder or historian 
for the Eastern Arizona Stake for several years. 
In 1896 he began the collection of data for an 
historical work on Arizona, and has now about 
completed his researches. When published, the 
work will be one of standard merit and a recog- 
nized authority in its line, and especially con- 
cerning the early colonization of the county and 
Indian wars. He has what is probably the only 
collection of photographs of all the governors 
of Arizona and the compilers of this work are 
indebted to him for the use of the same, for 
which they desire to express appreciation. 


A typical, hardy dweller of the western plains, 
a successful miner, large cattle raiser, one of the 
early and forceful pioneers and developers of 
Jerome, and a breezy, large-hearted product" of 
the crude and resourceful west, Mr. Munds has 
been associated with Arizona and Yavapai coun- 
ty since 1876. Of southern birth, he was born in 
Kentucky in 1836, his parents being James and 
Mary (Williams) Munds. When but a baby in 
arms his industrious parents moved their family 
to Missouri, on the Iowa line, where William M. 
was trained to the life of a farmer and educated 
in the public schools of his county. When four- 
teen years of age an opportunity to see the coun- 
try lying to the west presented itself, and he 
.accompanied ?n expedition of emigrants to Cali- 
fornia, going thence by way of wagons and ox- 
teams, the journey consuming several weeks. 

Arriving on the Pacific coast, Mr. Munds en- 
gaged in placer mining in Eldorado county for 
six years, spending in all seven years in different 
parts of the state. In 1857 he ventured upon 
another means of livelihood afforded by the pe- 
culiar adaptability of the state of Oregon, and 
began the raising of stock in connection with 



mining and prospecting. Still more extensive 
stock-raising was undertaken after removing to 
Arizona in 1876, and two years later he settled 
in the Verde valley, where, in time, he became 
the possessor of three large ranches and of sev- 
eral thousand head of cattle. In the meantime, 
in 1892, he had moved into Jerome, and in con- 
nection with his ranches carried on a meat mar- 
ket with decided success for about six years. 
From the first his interest in Jerome was pro- 
nounced, and his faith in the future of the city 
was emphatically and practically demonstrated. 
When the incorporation of the city was contem- 
plated he lent the weight of his influence and 
gave a helping hand, and insisted upon the incor- 
poration, in spite of opposing factions and bitter 
hindrances. As a consequence the charter was 
secured, and the disinterested efforts of Mr. 
Munds were rewarded by his appointment as 
first mayor of the town. His administration was 
well received, and his sincerity and loyalty to the 
common good was never doubted for an instant. 

At present enjoying a well-earned respite from 
active business life, Mr. Munds devotes his time 
to the management of his real estate and to 
numerous personal affairs. Out of the various 
real estate holdings which he has at times owned 
he still retains the Tovrea building and several 
building lots. He also owns interests in mining 
near Jerome, and in the Verde and Cherry dis- 
tricts. In local politics he has been prominent, 
and invariably supports the Democratic party. 
Fraternally he is a Mason, and is a member of 
the Verde Lodge No. 14, also of the Flagstaff 
chapter of Royal Arch Masons. 

Mr. Munds has been twice married. The first 
Mrs. Munds, who was formerly Sarah Jane Cox, 
left five children, of whom two survive: Mel- 
vina, the wife of Dr. Carrier; and J. L. Munds, 
sheriff d! Y.avapai county. The present Mrs. 
Munds was Ann La Tourette, a daughter of 
John La Tourette, now a resident of Phoenix. 
There are no children of this union. Mrs. Munds 
came to Arizona with her parents in 1876. 


Since establishing his home in Phoenix Mr. 
Clark has become one of the leaders of the 
Democratic party in Maricopa county, and is 

now serving as chairman of the county central 
committee. His large acquaintance and un- 
bounded popularity gives him an influential fol- 
lowing, while his shrewd judgment of men and 
affairs make his counsel of value in all important 
movements. In business circles he also takes a 
foremost rank, and his success is all the more 
notable from the fact that it has been secured 
by his own judicious management. 

Mr. Clark was born near Stanton, Ky., Sep- 
tember 29, 1861, and is the second in order of 
birth in a family of four children, three sons and 
one daughter, but is the only one living in Ari- 
zona. His great-grandfather, James Clark, came 
to this country from Ireland and settled in Mary- 
land, where his death occurred. The grand- 
father, William Clark, was born in that state, 
and at an early day removed to Clark county, 
Ky., becoming one of its pioneer farmers. Dr. 
John T. Clark, our subject's father, was a native 
of Clark county, Ky., where he engaged in the 
practice of medicine throughout life, being a 
graduate of the Starling Medical College of Col- 
umbus, Ohio. At the age of nineteen years he 
enlisted in an independent company of volun- 
teers raised for the Mexican war, and served 
under Gen. John S. Williams. He was a mem- 
ber of the state legislature of Kentucky in 1864- 
5, and was one of the most prominent and in- 
fluential men of his community. In religious 
belief he was a Cumberland Presbyterian. He 
died in 1888, but h,is wife is still a resident of 
Kentucky. Both were of Scotch-Irish descent. 
She bore the maiden name of Jincy Stewart, and 
was born in Powell county, Ky., as was also her 
father, Madison Stewart, who was a farmer by 
occupation. He married a Miss Daniel, whose 
mother was Annie Scholl, of Virginia, a niece 
of Daniel Boone. His father had removed to 
Kentucky with that pioneer and Indian fighter. 

At the age of two years Vernon L. Clark ac- 
companied his parents on their removal to Pilot 
View, Clark county, Ky., where he grew to man- 
hood, his education being obtained in the dis- 
trict schools. In 1882 he entered the employ 
of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad as clerk, 
and two years later became bookkeeper for Ma- 
son & Hoge, railroad contractors, at work in 
Kentucky. Later he was at their headquarters 
in Frankfort, that state, and served as auditor 



of the Kentucky Midland Railroad, which they 
built. From 1891 until 1896 he was secretary 
and treasurer of the Kentucky Investment & 
Building Association of Frankfort. 

Resigning in the latter year Mr. Clark came 
to Phoenix, Ariz., as a railroad contractor, grad- 
ing sidings and raising the grades on the South- 
ern Pacific Railroad for one year. He then 
assisted in organizing the Lawrence & Clark 
Vehicle Company, of which Mr. Lawrence is 
president and our subject secretary and treas- 
urer. They represent the Columbus Buggy 
Company; Durant & Dart, of Flint, Mich.; and 
Babcock, of Watertown, N. Y.; and carry on 
business at Nos. 26 to 32 West Adams street, 
where they have the largest carriage repository 
in Arizona, it being 50x138 feet in dimensions. 
Mr. dark was also one of the organizers of the 
Alhambra Brick Company, which has a capital 
stock of $50,000, and of which he is president. 
They manufacture building brick and have a fine 
modern plant three miles northwest of Phoenix, 
which is operated by steam power and has a 
capacity of thirty-six thousand five hundred 
brick per day. 

In Clark county, Ky., Mr. Clark married Miss 
Kate Strode, who was born there and died in 
that state. In religious belief he is a Cumber- 
land Presbyterian, but there being no church of 
that denomination in Phoenix he attends the 
Episcopal Church, in which he is serving as ves- 
tryman. He was made a Mason in W. H. Cun- 
ningham Lodge No. 572, in Kentucky, with 
which he still holds membership, and was later 
raised to the degrees of Royal Arch Mason and 
Knight Templar at Frankfort, but is now a 
member of the chapter and commandery at 
Phoenix, and also belongs to El Zaribah Tem- 
ple, N. M. S. He is a member of Maricopa 
Club, is also a member and director of the Board 
of Trade, and a director of the Phoenix Library 
Association. While a resident of Frankfort, 
Ky., he served as city treasurer one term, and 
since coming to Phoenix has taken a prominent 
part in political affairs, serving as chairman of 
the county Democratic central committee and 
of the county executive committee, and also as 
a member of the territorial committees. He is 
a man whose genial temperament, sound judg- 
ment and well-proved integrity have brought 

him the esteem and friendship of a host of ac- 
quaintances far and near. 


The little town of Martinez owes much of its 
growth and present standing to the untiring 
efforts of one of its most prominent citizens, 
O. L. Geer. While ostensibly a mining man, 
and devoting the greater part of his time to 
wresting from mother earth her stores of treas- 
ure, he is practically interested in most of the 
paying enterprises of the town, although he has 
been here only about two years. As manager 
of the Martinez Mercantile Company, in which 
organization he owns most of the stock, he has 
built an extensive trade with the surrounding 
camps, and receives a large patronage from the 
residents of the village. In addition, he con- 
ducts a hotel and livery and has a large-sized 
corral. The hostelry is conducted along the 
most approved lines, and the guests who patron- 
ize it are sure of fair treatment, clean rooms and 
a well-set table. 

Mr. Geer was born in Lafayette county, Ky., 
in 1847, ar >d his boyhood days were passed in 
Kentucky and Texas. When twenty-two years 
of age, in 1869, he started for the west and 
located in Arizona, which he has since regarded 
as his permanent home. However, much of his 
time for ten years was spent in New York, but, 
owing to failing health, he eventually returned 
to his old haunts in Arizona, having that fond- 
ness for the territory which comes to almost all 
who once linger within its bounds. From the 
first he was interested in mining and prospect- 
ing, and at the present time has claims in Mari- 
copa and Yuma counties, which promise large 
returns from development. It is needless to say 
that in this healthful climate, and under the ex- 
hilarating influence of business success, his tem- 
porarily shattered health has regained its normal 
condition. Added to the many other responsi- 
bilities of his life, is the position of general man- 
ager of the Arizona Development Company of 
Philadelphia, a corporation capitalized at $1,000,- 

The principles of the Democratic party have 
a stanch supporter in Mr. Geer. In November, 
1900, he was elected to the legislature from 



Yavapai county, and is now filling the office with 
the same credit to himself characteristic of all 
his work. At New Orleans he was made a Ma- 
son and now stands high in that fraternity. In 
1887 he married Miss Annabella M. Marsalles, 
who was born in New Orleans, and they now 
have a pleasant home in Martinez, where the 
numerous friends of the family delight to con- 


Benjamin F. McFall, horticulturist, and pres- 
ent recorder of Maricopa county, was born No- 
vember 20, 1858, in Gentry county, Mo., and is a 
son of John and Martha (Sylvia) McFall, natives 
respectively of Kentucky and Missouri. The an- 
cestry of the McFall family is Scotch-Irish. 
John McFall was a prominent man in the locali- 
ties in which he resided, and while living in Mis- 
souri exerted a wide influence in the affairs of 
the community. The town of McFall, Mo., was 
named after him, in recognition of his services 
as a citizen, and of his character as a man. He 
died in Maricopa county, Ariz., in 1892, having 
removed to the far west in 1886. His wife is at 
present residing near Phoenix, and is in her 
seventy-fifth year. 

Until his eighteenth year B. F. McFall was 
surrounded by the influences that mold the 
character of the average farm-reared boy. Aside 
from the advantages of the public schools, he 
attended the Missouri State University, at Col- 
umbia, Mo., for two years, and at times during 
the early years had opportunity to acquire con- 
siderable business experience. Upon starting 
out to earn his own livelihood, Mr. McFall was 
for two years a clerk in the Albany Bank, at Al- 
bany, Mo., and subsequently engaged in a mer- 
cantile business at McFall, Mo., for about three 
years. In the hope of regaining his somewhat 
impaired health he went to Arizona in 1885, and, 
having derived satisfactory results from the 
change, decided to make the fertile Salt River 
valley a permanent abiding place. 

For a time, in Phoenix, Mr. McFall was in- 
terested in clerical work, but later settled upon 
his ranch in Maricopa county, six miles north- 
east of Phoenix. The property is largely de- 
voted to the culture of oranges, to the study of 

which the successful owner has given much time 
and attention, and close scientific investigation. 
Aside from the affairs of his farm Mr. McFall 
is variously interested in the general happen- 
ings of his adopted locality, and has received 
substantial recognition of his ability to serve 
the public. In November of 1900 he was elected 
recorder of Maricopa county, as the candidate 
of the Democratic party, for a term of two years, 
and he has also served on the school board of 
his district as a trustee. He has always been 
a stanch Democrat. Fraternally he is associated 
with the Masonic order. 

The marriage of Mr. McFall and Nannie Her- 
man, who was a native of Iowa, occurred at 
Albany, Mo., in 1881, where her father, William 
Herman, was residing. Of this union there are 
three children, Nellie, Herman, and Rick. Mr. 
and Mrs. McFall are members and active work- 
ers in the Baptist Church at Phoenix, of which 
he was formerly a deacon. 


Judge L. C. Herr has been identified with the 
changeful fortunes of Arizona since 1888. At 
first influenced hither by the widespread belief 
in the opportunities for mining, he became inter- 
ested in prospecting in the Big Cottonwood 
mountains, and in time so far realized his ex- 
pectations as to become the owner of such valu- 
able properties as the Mohawk mines and the 
Dewey. After locating in Florence his general 
ability received ready recognition, and in addi- 
tion to the various responsibilities assumed b\ 
him was the probate judgeship, to which he was 
elected in 1896. So satisfactory were his ser- 
vices in this connection, and so aptly and tactful- 
ly were the issues brought before him adjusted, 
that his re-election followed in 1898, and again 
in 1900. As a stanch and uncompromising 
member of the Democratic party which placed 
him in office, he is a force in a community which 
recognizes a correct interpretation of the laws, 
and which values and needs such citizenship as 
is furnished by the life and efforts of the probate 
judge of Final county. Undoubtedly a large 
share of his success is due to the kinship which 
exists between the locality and himself, for his 
faith in the future of the town of Florence is at 



all times apparent, and substantiated by his own- 
ership of a home here and other property as 

A native of Dauphin county, Pa., Judge Herr 
was born in 1848, and was educated in Illinois 
and Ohio. His first independent venture was 
as a salesman for an eastern firm, his route com- 
prising Illinois, Ohio, and Kansas, from which 
occupation he came to the broader possibilities 
of Arizona. In Florence he has been conspicu- 
ous for his long maintained and practical interest 
in education, and has done much to bring about 
the present excellent system of instruction. He 
is now superintendent of public instruction. Fra- 
ternally he is associated with the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen. He was married in 1872 
to Nancy Stanfield, of Spring Valley, Ohio. 
They are the parents of two children, Guy and 


This veteran railroad man of Clifton is and 
has been for many years one of the most trusted 
and highly respected employes of the celebrated 
Arizona Copper Company. He has just reason 
to be proud of the admirable record which he 
lias made, and we are pleased to present to his 
numerous friends in Graham county and else- 
where the following facts in regard to himself 
and his chosen field of usefulness. 

The fine souvenir edition of the "Arizona Bul- 
letin," published at Solomonville, the county 
seat of Graham county, in January, 1900, con- 
tained a concise account of the mining enter- 
prises of the Arizona Copper Company. After 
relating the great difficulties under which the 
pioneer company labored here, when ''copper 
was shipped by bull teams to La Junta, 600 
miles away, the nearest railroad station," the 
journal further said: "In those days the 
Apaches were very bold, occasionally dashing 
into the outskirts of the town and capturing 
freightingoutfits. Like wise generals.the Leszyn- 
skys" (then owners of the celebrated Longfellow 
mine and other mining property here) "rec- 
ognized the supreme importance of a safe line 
of communication between the mines and the 
works. They accordingly hauled in steel rails 
and a small locomotive and built Arizona's first 


mining railroad (a 2O-inch gauge), the rails being 
laid from Clifton to Longfellow, a distance of 
over four miles. Henry Arbuckle set up this 
little locomotive, the first one in Arizona, and 
was its engineer and has been with the 'Baby 
Gauge' ever since." 

The small engine mentioned weighed only 
four and a half tons, and was the first one ever 
made for a twenty-inch track. Small as it was, 
it was no slight undertaking to transport it by 
ox teams 600 miles. When it arrived here Mr. 
Arbuckle was placed in charge of it and for more 
than two years was engineer of the same, then 
being transferred to larger ones, and to-day, 
running on the same narrow-gauge track en- 
gines of nineteen and one-half tons are being 
used. For twenty-one years he has traversed 
the eight-mile track between Clifton and the 
mines, and during the early period of his ex- 
perience always had his rifle at hand, as the In- 
dians frequently attacked him on the engine. 
On one occasion the speed of his engine and his 
own cool and daring character saved his life, 
and on the day following it was his sad task to 
bring into town the bodies of five white men 
who had been killed by the bloodthirsty foe. 

During the long and steady service of Mr. 
Arbuckle he has never had any serious misfor- 
tune or casualty laid to his charge, and he is 
noted for his great care and fidelity to his du- 
ties. The distance of his present run, four 
miles and two hundred feet, is from Clifton to the 
"Longfellow incline" a remarkable piece of 
railroading. Several curves have a 42-degree 
reversion on a 4O-degree slant, and for the quar- 
ter of a mile before reaching the "incline" the 
grade is 303 feet to the mile. To those ac- 
quainted with the difficulties of this railroad up 
the canon, the fact that our subject has so many 
thousands of times with his engine climbed and 
descended the slopes without accident is a mat- 
ter of wonder as well as of admiration. 

From boyhood Mr. Arbuckle has devoted his 
entire attention to railroading, and like most 
successful men, knows the one business thor- 
oughly, and that one alone. He is a native of 
Pittsburg, Pa., born in 1836, and spent the first 
fourteen years of his life in the "Smoky City," 
receiving a public school education. Until 1850 
he resided in the east, and then went to Cali- 



fornia, but Arizona has long had greater charms 
for him, he having been a resident of this ter- 
ritory since 1876. As a citizen he upholds all 
measures which make for the good of his com- 
munity, and in national elections votes the Re- 
publican ticket. 


The record of Mr. Thompson as sheriff of Gila 
county is not excelled by any one in the terri- 
tory who has held a similar position. At first 
initiated into the responsibility by filling the un- 
expired term of Sheriff Glen Reynolds, who was 
killed by Indian Kid, he was, at the end of the 
seven months, regularly elected to the office, 
serving for three successive terms, during 1890- 
2-4, and was again elected November 6, 1900. 
His discharge of the duties of the office has 
met with general approval, and he is commended 
for the tact, discretion and impartiality which 
have characterized his disposition of difficult 
and aggravating situations. 

Mr. Thompson's early remembrances are asso- 
ciated with his boyhood days in Texas, where 
he was born December 19, 1861, a son of W. 
G. and Ellen (Williams) Thompson, natives of 
Tennessee. The father was prominent in the 
early history of Texas, having settled there in 
1836, and he was a veteran of the Mexican war. 
His useful and industrious life terminated in 
November, 1870. His wife is still living, and has 
for some time made her home in Globe. When 
nineteen years of age J. H. Thompson started 
out to face the serious and responsible side of 
life, and settled in the north end of Gila county 
in the Tonto basin, where he became interested 
in the cattle business. In search of more con- 
genial and remunerative occupation he settled 
in Globe in 1889, having sold his stock and land 
in the Gila valley, and for six or seven months 
worked in- the mines in the vicinity of Globe. 
The following June he assumed control of the 
office of sheriff, and has since been prominently 
before the eyes of the public. Exception may 
be made of his trip to the Klondike, which was 
undertaken in the interval of his respite from the 
cares of office between 1894 and 1900. At the 
present time he is still extensively engaged in 
mining and stock raising, and owns a herd of 

cattle on Canon creek. He owns large interests 
in prospects, and has thirty-five claims in one 
bunch in the Pioneer mining district. In Globe 
he has built a comfoi table residence, and has two 
houses on the half block of ground which he 

January i, 1887, Mr. Thompson married Car- 
rie L. Nash, who was born near Cincinnati, 
Greene county, Ind. Of this union there are 
two living children, Louis and Ellen. Three 
sons are deceased. In politics Mr. Thompson is 
affiliated with the Democratic party, and is em- 
phatically in favor of the principles and issues of 
that organization. Fraternally lie is associated 
with the Odd Fellows, the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, the United Moderns, and the 
Elks, in Globe. He is a charter member of the 
Odd Fellows Lodge. 


As a stranger among unaccustomed surround- 
ings, and with little to depend on save his own 
perseverance and determination to succeed, Mr. 
Jones came to Arizona in 1892, and has, step by 
step, forged his way to the front in the face of 
discouragements and obstacles, and is now one 
of the successful citizens of Williams. He was 
born in Orange county, N. C., in 1862, and was 
reared and educated in Chatham county, whither 
his parents had in the mean time removed. It 
was not until 1892 that he left the surroundings 
of his youth and came to Coconino county, Ariz., 
a contrast indeed from the peaceful agricultural 
life of an old and settled country. 

In Arizona Mr. Jones started a mercantile 
business at Challander, Coconino county, and 
after four years went to Flagstaff, where he re- 
mained for a year. He later had a store at En- 
terprise, and a saw-mill, which he successfully 
conducted until 1897, when he located in Wil- 
liams. Here he has a well-managed general 
merchandise store, stocked with the things most 
in demand in a town located in the midst of a 
splendid timber and grazing country, and shel- 
tering inhabitants from all parts of the United 
States and Europe. Added to a keen financial 
ability, the enterprising storekeeper is affable in 
manner and sincerely desirous of pleasing, all 
of which adds to his popularity and draws cus- 



tomers. He is extensively interested in mining 
in the Grand canon, and has some good pros- 
pects, and also owns eighteen lots in the city of 
Williams. He has done much to further the 
interests of the city, and spares neither time nor 
expense when the well-being of the citizens is 
the question for consideration. 

In national politics Mr. Jones is an uncom- 
promising Democrat. Besides several other lo- 
cal offices held in the past, he was elected a 
member of the board of supervisors of Coconino 
county in November of 1898, serving for two 
years. In 1900 he was appointed assessor of 
Coconino county, and is now serving in that 
office. In fraternal circles he is very prominent, 
and is affiliated with the Masons and Elks at 
Flagstaff, and with the Woodmen and Red Men 
at Williams, of which latter organization he is 
treasurer. Mr. Jones was married in Boston, 
Mass., August 20, 1896, to Maud M. Jordan, a 
native of Maine. They have one child, H. Leon, 
aged four years. 


Few of the residents of Tucson are as familiar 
with the vast mining interests scattered through- 
out the territory of Arizona as is Mr. Murphy, 
sheriff of Pima county, nor have any watched 
and assisted in the development of the mining 
resources with a greater amount of enthusiasm 
or keener interest in the ultimate results. While 
acquiring a general and far-reaching knowledge 
of the various treasures which enterprise has 
brought to the surface in enormous quantities, 
he lias made a special study of conditions as they 
exist in Pima and Final counties. 

The Murphy family have made their home in 
America for many years. The paternal grand- 
father was born in Ireland, and when a young 
boy migrated with his parents to Kentucky, 
subsequently settling in Lewis county, Mo. The 
maternal grandfather was born in Virginia. 
Frank E. Murphy was born in Lewis county, 
Mo., April 9, 1861, and is a son of James L. and 
Harriett (Hardin) Murphy, natives of Kentucky. 
James Murphy was a farmer and stock man, and 
died when his son Frank was but thirteen years 
of age. Mrs. Murphy, who is now living in Sac- 
ramento, Cal., is a daughter of Thomas Hardin, 

of Kentucky, and is a relative of the noted law- 
yer Benjamin Hardin, of Kentucky, who died 
in Lewis county, of which he was one of the 
earliest settlers. 

Frank E. Murphy is the oldest living son in 
a family of six children, of whom one son is 
deceased. Until his thirteenth year he lived in 
Lewis county, at which time the family removed 
to Sacramento, Cal., where they engaged in 
farming and stock-raising. Here he continued 
his studies in the public schools, and in 1882 
started out in the world to seek his fortune. Ar- 
riving in Tucson he engaged for a time in the 
cattle business, and in 1884 became interested in 
mining, principally in Pima and Maricopa coun- 
ties. Under pressure of all the duties and re- 
sponsibilities which have since come his way 
Mr. Murphy has still retained an interest in min- 
ing, and is an ardent advocate of the manifold 
advantages to be derived from a residence in this 
promising country. 

In 1900 Mr. Murphy was nominated for sher- 
iff of Pima county on the Democratic ticket, and 
was elected by a majority of two hundred and 
fifty votes. His term of office as sheriff extends 
from January I, 1901, until January I, 1903. He 
has ever been interested in the political under- 
takings of his party and is one of the representa- 
tive citizens of Tucson, being enterprising, pro- 
gressive, and public-spirited. 


The county assessor of Graham county was 
born in Bear Lake county, Idaho, and is a son of 
P. C. and Lucinda (Brown) Merrill, who have, 
during a large part of their lives, been engaged 
in farming. At the age of ten years he came to 
Arizona with his parents, settling at St. David, 
Cochise county, where they lived for about ten 
years, and then came to the Gila valley and 

Until about three years ago Mr. Merrill was 
engaged in farming, and was a successful tiller 
of the soil, and an enterprising citizen of his 
locality. In 1897 and 1898 he served as deputy 
county assessor under Sheriff Birchfield. Janu- 
ary I, 1900, he was appointed county assessor 
by the board of supervisors, and in November 
of 1900 was regularly elected to that office on 



the Democratic ticket for a term of two years. 
During his residence here he has been inter- 
ested in all of the leading political undertakings, 
and was justice of the peace for two terms. In 
connection with his official responsibility he is 
variously interested in the enterprises which are 
rendered possible by the large resources of the 
locality, and, situated in the heart of a great 
agricultural and wheat district, he has availed 
himself of this opportunity and has a farm of 
fifty acres one mile from Pima. The property 
serves as a relaxation to its owner from the 
cares of city life, although it is leased by ten- 
ants. Mr. Merrill also owns a house and lot in 
town, and several paying and promising mining 
claims in the Montezuma district. He also owns 
interests in the Bryce Irrigation & Canal Com- 
pany, and is interested in the best way of over- 
coming the greatest shortcoming of the county, 
that of water limitations. 

The union of Mr. Merrill and Pearl Weech, a 
daughter of Hiram and Sarah Weech, occurred 
October 16, 1898, and of this union there is one 
child, Paul, born November 16, 1899. Mr. Mer- 
rill and wife are members of the Mormon 
Church, and Mr. Merrill has held office in the 
Mutual Aid Association. 


It is an undisputed fact that of all the pro- 
fessions which spring into being at the call of 
civilization in different parts of the world, that 
of dental surgery, one of the most necessary and 
important, is really the least understood and 
appreciated. Nor is this deficiency of under- 
standing confined to comparatively new coun- 
tries, for China, of almost forgotten antiquity, 
regards the care and treatment of the teeth as 
secondary in importance. Physicians have 
abounded from time immemorial, and have been 
an integral and sometimes predominating force 
in the social, religious, political and material 
world of even conditions of savagery. The great 
mass of people require and know of doctors, but 
it is invariably the educated, orderly, and refined 
element who recognize the part which dentists 
play in the maintaining of health and general 
well-being. It has therefore been the happy 
fate of many dentists of ability to be recognized 

as valuable adjuncts at foreign courts, where 
they have held undisputed sway in the line of 
their own choosing, and with necessarily limited 
competition. Numerous instances may be cited 
of Americans, than whom there are no more 
skilled dentists in the world, who have been 
royally received by the dignitaries of other gov- 
ernments, and have held their own because of 
their mastery of molar afflictions but vaguely 
understood, and heretofore unvanquished. Dr. 
Cool has been thus favored for a considerable 
part of his professional career, and in this con- 
nection has been within the shadow of the gov- 
erning powers of Central America, and an inter- 
ested witness of the internal strife which is the 
unhappy and inevitable portion of that people. 
Armed with a diploma of dentistry from the 
University of California in 1884, and with a 
postgraduate diploma from Haskell's College 
of Dentistry in Chicago, he further studied at the 
national university at Costa Rica, Central Amer- 
ica, and was subsequently for five years state 
dentist for the five republics. During this time 
he was special dentist for the presidents of the 
five republics, the ill-fated Rufino Barrios be- 
ing then in power, who afterward was treacher- 
ously assassinated. During the presidency of 
Emanuel Barillas, the doctor was president of 
the board of dental 'examiners of Costa Rica. 
During the revolution, when Barillas went out 
of power, Dr. Cool was obliged to leave the 
country, and take up his residence in San Fran- 
cisco. For most of the positions which he 
creditably sustained in Central America he was 
indebted to the friendly interests of Barillas, 
president of Guatemala, and during whose reign 
he accumulated a large fortune in a compara- 
tively short time. The experience gained was 
by no means secondary, the knowledge of the 
language alone, which is a high grade of Span- 
ish, and which himself and family mastered per- 
fectly, more than compensated for many of the 
inconveniences which they were obliged to un- 

The childhood of Dr. Cool was spent in Vic- 
toria, British Columbia, where he was born in 
1865, a son of G. W. and Virginia (Pleasants) 
Cool, natives respectively of Ohio pnd Ken- 
tucky. The elder Cool was among the wealth 
seekers who went to California in the davs of 



gold in 1849, and there his son was reared to 
manhood and received the education which so 
ably fitted him for the responsibilities of after 
life. After his return from Central America Dr. 
Cool associated himself in 1892 with his brother, 
Dr. Russell H. Cool, of San Francisco, with 
whom he remained for fifteen months. He then 
came to Arizona, and lived at Tombstone and 
Bisbee for a couple of years, locating perma- 
nently in Safford in 1900. Here he has a fine 
practice, and is enthusiastic over the town, its 
people, and the general prospects. 

In 1885 Dr. Cool married Mabel Schuller, a 
daughter of Andrew Schuller. Of this union 
there are three children: Bessie, who is fifteen 
years of age; Barillas, who is ten; and Ivah, nine 
years old. Dr. Cool is fraternally identified 
with the Masons at Guatemala, and belongs to 
the Central America blue lodge. Professionally 
he is associated with the California State Dental 
Society, with the Pacific Coast Dental Congress, 
and is ex-president of the Oakland Dental Club, 
of Oakland, Cal. In 1901 Governor Murphy ap- 
pointed him a member of the Territorial Board 
of Registration in Dentistry. 


Since the Centennial year the subject of this 
article has been prominent in Arizona, and as 
under-sheriff and deputy United States marshal 
has been an important factor in the maintenance 
of law and order. Brave and fearless and un- 
compromising in the performance of his duties, 
he justly earned the high respect in which he 
is held by the general public, and his name will 
go down in the history of this territory as one 
of its truest friends and founders. 

Of English ancestry, our subject's grandfa- 
ther, Dr. George Breakenridge, was born in 
Ontario, Canada, and after graduating from a 
medical college went to Wisconsin, where he 
was an early settler and practitioner. His son, 
George Dudley, father of William M. Breaken- 
ridge, was born in Canada, and was married 
there to Miss Eliza A. Ross, a native of the 
same locality, and of Scotch descent. The young 
couple were pioneer citizens of Watertown, 
Wis., and though he had formerly been engaged 
in the lumber business, he now turned his at- 

tention to railroading, and for a number of 
years was a conductor on the Milwaukee & 
Western Railroad. Both he and his wife de- 
parted this life in Wisconsin. Of their four 
children George E. is interested in mining oper- 
ations, while his home is in British Columbia. 
Mrs. James Tremaine resides in Milwaukee, 
Wis., and Mrs. Celeste C. Carr lives in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

The birth of William M. Breakenridge took 
place on Christmas day, 1846, in Watertown, 
Wis., and his education was gained in the pub- 
lic schools of that place. In 1861 the youth set 
out to make his own way in the world, Pike's 
Peak being his immediate goal. Starting over- 
land from St. Joseph, Mo., he proceeded with 
the mule train to Denver, the trip taking about 
sixty days. For a couple of years he was em- 
ployed in the construction of the first telegraph 
line ever made from Denver to Central City, 
Colo., and upon its completion he was installed 
as messenger boy in the last-named town, re- 
maining there until the spring of 1864. The In- 
dians had been so threatening for some time 
that the young man enlisted in Company B, 
Third Colorado Cavalry, and participated in the 
battle of Sand Creek and other skirmishes, be- 
ing mustered out at the end of six months when 
the redskins had been reduced to order. 

Then followed a period in the life of our sub- 
ject when he was occupied in the difficult and 
ofttimes dangerous business of freighting. At 
first he traversed the distance between Denver 
and the Missouri river, and in 1867 the Indians 
attacked his party and succeeded in driving off 
all of their cattle. Later he teamed from Denver 
to the North Platte, then the terminal of the 
Union Pacific, and in the fall of 1867 accepted a 
position as brakeman on that railroad. After a 
year and a half, perhaps, of this life, he returned 
to freighting, being associated with his brother, 
and making trips to Bannock, Mont., Cheyenne 
and Kit Carson. In conjunction with his 
brother he then took the contract for building 
that part of the Kansas Pacific between Kit Car- 
son and Denver, and in 1870 joined the engi- 
neering corps of the Denver & Rio Grande, help- 
ing to drive the first stake of that wonderful 
railroad, and continuing with its surveyors until 



Having obtained a three months' leave of 
absence from his late post of duty, Mr. Break- 
enridge assumed the place of wagon-master and 
guide for the Boston Colony which proposed to 
locate on the Little Colorado. Crossing Ari- 
zona to Sunset it was found that the country 
desired had been taken up, and so they pursued 
their way to Prescott. There our subject pur- 
chased the teams of the party and engaged in 
freighting and farming in the Salt River valley 
in the vicinity of Phoenix. In 1877 he was 
made county surveyor of Maricopa county and 
in the following year became deputy under 
Sheriff Thomas, in which capacity he served un- 
til January, 1880. For several months he then 
engaged in prospecting near Tombstone, Ariz., 
but in the fall of 1880 was appointed deputy 
sheriff under John H. Behan a position he re- 
tained for two years. After another interval of 
two years and a half he was again called to an 
official place, this time being appointed deputy 
United States marshal under W. K. Mead, with 
Phoenix as his headquarters. In 1891 he was 
made special officer for the Southern Pacific, 
taking the place of Vic Wilson, who had just 
been killed by Evans and Sontag, near Visalia, 
Cal. About 1893 a train was held up twelve 
miles west of Los Angeles, Cal., by "Kid" 
Thompson and Johnson, and owing to the skill 
and clever management of Mr. Breakenridge 
and two of his associate deputies, the outlaws 
were located in Maricopa county, arrested and 
taken to Los Angeles, where Thompson was 
convicted and received a life sentence. Septem- 
ber 30, 1894, Oscar Rogers, Frank Armour and 
John Donovan robbed a train near Maricopa, 
Ariz., and the next morning Armour was ar- 
rested near Phoenix and Rogers three days later 
near Yuma, both receiving sentence to forty 
years in the penitentiary. In 1895 Grant Wheeler 
and Joe George blew open a safe near Willcox 
and escaped to the mountains, but our subject 
followed them. They separated and he contin- 
ued in pursuit of Wheeler across Arizona and 
into San Juan county, Colo. At last he cor- 
nered the desperado, who, upon being ordered 
to surrender, blew out his own brains. Scores 
of other instances of our subject's fidelity and 
efficiency in the pathway of his duty might be 
cited, but it is unnecessary, as his worth is well 

known throughout the southwest. During the 
nine years when he was deputy United States 
marshal he had numerous unpleasant and highly 
exciting adventures, but never flinched from 
duty. Since 1891 he lias lived in Tucson, where 
he has been stock claim agent and special offi- 
cer of the Southern Pacific. In political prefer- 
ence he is a Democrat, while fraternally he is a 
charter member of the lodge and club of the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. 


Dr. Brockway is one of the most promising 
and capable members of the medical profession 
who have settled within the borders of Arizona. 
A resident of Florence since 1894, he has not 
only met with a deserved success as physician 
and surgeon, but has as well been substantially 
identified with the social, intellectual and mate- 
rial growth of the city, and with the concerted 
attempt on the part of the residents to restore 
the old time prestige and enterprise. 

The youth of Dr. Brockway was spent in 
Lyme, New London county, Conn., where he 
was born in 1864. After a three years' course in 
Amherst College he entered the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Buffalo, completing 
the course with the class of 1890. For the fol- 
lowing year he filled the post of house physician 
and surgeon at the Buffalo general hospital, and 
subsequently conducted an independent prac- 
tice for three years in what is now a part of 
Greater New York. With glowing expectations 
regarding the great west, he resided for a time 
in Southern California, but being dissatisfied 
with the climate came to Arizona the following 
January, and in Florence, which has since been 
his home, assumed charge of the county hospi- 
tal. In addition to being the contract physician 
and surgeon of the hospital, he owns the drug 
store in connection therewith, and fills the post 
of county physician. The greater part of his 
time is devoted to his profession, and there is no 
more progressive and wide-awake exponent of 
medical science in the county. 

Dr. Brockway is interested to a limited extent 
in farming, and owns a farm on the Florence 
canal, but owing to an insufficient amount of 
water the project has not proved as successful 



as one might wish. He is greatly interested in 
the matter of water supply, as are most who are 
dependent upon artificial irrigation. He is a 
member, and has twice been vice-president of 
the Territorial Medical Association, and is a 
member of the American Medical Association. 
Fraternally he is associated with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. He is medical ex- 
aminer for the New York Life Insurance Com- 
pany, the Mutual Life of New York, the Penn- 
sylvania Mutual, the Equitable and other com- 
panies. He was married November 8, 1892. to 
Esther A. Kelley, of Providence, R. I. They 
have one son, Marshall F. 


Nearly forty years have passed since John T. 
Dennis, of Phoenix, became a permanent settler 
of Arizona, and probably no one is better known 
in the southwest, nor more universally respected. 
His history possesses many points of special in- 
terest to the public, and the annals of Arizona 
could not be properly compiled without giving 
to this honored pioneer a prominent place. 

More than a century ago the paternal grand- 
father of our subject removed from Canada to 
New Jersey, and in Sussex county his son, John 
Dennis, was born in 1792. The latter, who was 
the father of John T., removed to Hocking coun- 
ty, Ohio, in 1825, and later lived in Muskingum 
county, same state, where he was the proprietor 
of a hotel for a period and also engaged in farm- 
ing for some time. In 1841 he went to Guernsey 
county, Ohio, six years subsequently became a 
resident of Iowa, and from 1853 to 1858 lived at 
his old home in Guernsey county, where he died 
in the year last mentioned. He was a hero of 
the war of 1812, having enlisted in a New Jersey 
regiment. His wife, mother of our subject, bore 
the name o.f Sarah Lewis in her girlhood. She 
was born in New York state and came of an old 
eastern family. Two of her sons, Peter and Jo- 
seph, now deceased, served in an Ohio regiment 
during the Civil war. Lewis, who died in Ore- 
gon, went to that state in 1850, and another son, 
James, who became a citizen of California the 
same year, died in Tempe, Ariz., in 1888. Three 
others of the children besides John T. grew to 
maturity and three died when young. 

The birth of John T. Dennis took place near 
Norwich, Ohio, January 8, 1840, and when he 
was about six weeks old death deprived him of 
his mother's love and care. When seven years 
of age he accompanied his father to Iowa, re- 
sided in Fairfield, Jefferson county, for some 
time, and in 1853 returned to Ohio. After the 
death of his father, the young man joined a party 
and crossed the plains with ox teams to Cali- 
fornia, by way of Omaha, the North Platte and 
the Humboldt river. At the end of four months 
he reached his destination, went to Lynch's 
ranch, thence to the mines in Pine Grove, Surry 
county, and other mining points. After pros- 
pecting and mining for several years, with more 
or less success, Mr. Dennis came to Arizona, 
leaving San Francisco July 5, 1862, and riding 
a horse all of the way, bringing supplies on pack- 
mules. For about three years he worked in the 
vicinity of La Paz, a mining camp, which sprang 
into existence in 1862, had fifteen hundred in- 
habitants at one time, but for a quarter of a cen- 
tury has been a "deserted village." The rude 
shanties and huts of brush-wood were sup- 
planted by a block of good buildings, some of 
which cost from $10,000 to $12,000, but all now 
are in ruins. In 1863 the Vulture mine, which 
has produced fully $15,000,000, of precious 
metal, was discovered fourteen miles from Wick- 
enburg, and Mr. Dennis engaged in freighting 
and similar enterprises in that locality from 1865 
to the close of 1868. 

December 8, 1868, our subject settled in the 
Salt River valley, locating a claim, a portion of 
which now lies within the corporation limits of 
Phoenix. In 1871-2 he assisted in surveying the 
city, erected the first store, in which was estab- 
lished the pioneer postornce, with William A. 
Hancock as the first postmaster of the future 
thriving place. Until 1887 Mr. Dennis continued 
to carry on agriculture, and in 1869 he was 
among the first to raise a crop of barley in this 
region. He also freighted supplies, usually from 
Yuma, and engaged in lumbering and other en- 
terprises which materially aided in the upbuild- 
ing of this city and section. A great worker, 
interested and active in all of the early improve- 
ments, ever ready to lend his means and in- 
fluence towards industries and worthy institu- 
tions, his name is indelibly engraved upon the 



hearts of his associates and acquaintances. In 
1884 he made his first visit to his old home and 
the east, and the same year he laid out his entire 
quarter-section farm, as Dennis' Addition to 
Phoenix. Much of the property has been sold 
and built upon, and for some years he also has 
been connected with the upbuilding of Tempe, 
Ariz. In former years he dealt to some extent 
in ranches, and for many years was engaged in 
the cattle and live stock business. In short, he 
may be termed an "all around" business man, 
for he has not been limited to any special line of 
undertaking, and usually has met with success. 
The Dennis block, 50x138 feet in dimensions, 
two stories and basement in height, and situated 
at the corner of Washington and Second streets, 
is a monument to his enterprise. 

The 4th of July, 1887, was a memorable day 
in the history of Phoenix, as the Maricopa & 
Phoenix Railroad, so long needed, was com- 
pleted at that time. One of the most active pro- 
moters of this valued improvement was Mr. Den- 
nis, as the public here is well aware. For seven 
years he was one of the board of directors and its 
first vice-president, but the road was finally sold. 
For one term he represented the first ward in the 
city council, and since early manhood his fran- 
chise has been used in behalf of the Republican 
party. He also was a member of the commis- 
sion having in charge the asylum of this county, 
for one term, and is an honored member of the 
Pioneers' Association of Arizona. 

March 27, 1888, the marriage of Mr. Dennis 
and Mrs. Ada Bowers took place in Phoenix. 
She was born in Tennessee, a daughter of Gran- 
ville and Narcissa Hogan, of Irish and Scotch 
extraction. By her marriage to F. W. Bowers 
she had one son, Ulvah Bowers. Mrs. Dennis 
and her son are members of the Episcopal 
church. In 1877, after the death of her first hus- 
band, she removed to Sherman, Tex., but in 1882 
located in Tucson, subsequently went to Globe 
and was postmaster at Payson during the first 
administration of President Cleveland. In Octo- 
ber, 1887, she became a resident of Phoe- 

N. B. COLE, M. D. 

The city of Phoenix knows no more courtly, 
gracious, capable, and conscientious follower of 

the seer yEsculapius than is found in that widely 
known and experienced practitioner, Dr. Cole. 
Covering a period of forty-odd years he has 
wisely and efficiently ministered to the necessi- 
ties of suffering humanity in different parts of 
the country, and has all the while kept pace 
with the advancement along the lines of his pro- 
fession, as developed in the principal centers of 

The Cole family claims Scotch and Dutch 
descent, an excellent combination of reliable 
characteristics, than which there could be no 
better. The paternal great-grandfather served 
with courage and distinction in the Revolution- 
ary war, and his son, Thomas, who was born in 
Huntingdon county, Pa., served in the war of 
1812. Thomas Cole was a pioneer farmer of 
Ohio, in which state he settled in about 1800. 
His grandson, N. B. Cole, was born in Fairfield 
county, Ohio, December 28, 1837, and is a son of 
B. Cole, who was born in the same county in 
1802. During the years of his activity B. Cole 
was a fanner in Fairfield county, and there his 
useful and industrious life was terminated at the 
age of eighty-two years. On the maternal side 
Dr. Cole is related to the Peters family, of 
Maryland, his mother having been, previous to 
her marriage, Leah Peters, a native of Balti- 
more, Md. She was a daughter of Henry Peters, 
and died at the age of eighty-seven years. She 
was the mother of ten children, of whom Thomas 
is living in Fairfield county, Ohio; Mary, who 
married Mr. West, died in Illinois; David is liv- 
ing in Indiana; N. B. is in Phoenix; Jonathan 
R. is in North Dakota; Rufus died in Illinois; 
Joseph, who is now a publisher in New York 
City, served in an Ohio regiment during the 
Civil war; Benjamin died in Fairfield county, 
Ohio; Lewis lives in Columbus, Ohio; and 
Henry is a resident of Lancaster, Ohio. 

The early education of Dr. Cole "was derived 
in the public schools, and at the age of nineteen 
he began the study of medicine under the able 
instruction of Dr. Lynch, of Lancaster. Supple- 
mentary training was received at the Long Isl- 
and Hospital Medical College, from which he 
was graduated in the class of 1860, the first 
class to be graduated from that institution. Un- 
til the beginning of the Civil war Dr. Cole prac- 
ticed his profession in Etna, Ohio, and to aid 




the cause of his country he became, in 1862, as- 
sistant surgeon of the Fiftieth Ohio Regiment, 
in which capacity he served for two years and 
nine months, or until April of 1865. During 
three months prior to this time he was in the 
volunteer service, in the Nineteenth Ohio, and 
at the general field hospitals in Tennessee, Wil- 
mington, N. C., and elsewhere, in whose charge 
he was placed. He then resigned from the 
service at Raleigh, N. C., and at the time had 
charge of the division hospital. 

After the restoration of peace Dr. Cole settled 
in Bloomington, 111., and for thirty years con- 
ducted a large and successful practice. During 
that time he was for twelve years on the United 
States pension board, and for six years was sur- 
geon of the Soldiers Orphans' Home. In 1895 
he severed his long and amicable relations with 
the people of Bloomington, and took up his 
permanent residence on his ranch, eleven miles 
northeast of Phoenix. At the same time he is 
prosecuting a large general practice in the city 
of Phoenix, and has met with the patronage and 
appreciation due his ability and erudition. 

The marriage of Dr. Cole and Matilda C. 
Evans, of Granville, Ohio, occurred in Gran- 
ville September 7, 1865. Of this union there 
have been three children, viz.: Carrie L., who is 
now"Mrs. C. P. Hart, of Bisbee; Leah M., who 
is attending the University of Arizona; an